[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Salem 1-1-1972, as amended through 10-22-2007 (Ch. 296 of the 1995 Code). Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
Off-highway recreational vehicles — See Ch. 374.
This chapter shall be deemed and construed to be an exercise of the police powers of the Town of Salem in the State of New Hampshire for the preservation and protection of public safety, and all of its provisions shall be liberally construed with a view to the effectuation of such purposes. Any bylaws or ordinances concerning the regulations of traffic previously enacted are hereby repealed. The traffic rules and regulations of Salem, as amended, shall become effective upon adoption.
Nothing in this chapter shall apply to fire apparatus or police cars officially used in connection with any Town department or Town business, but such vehicles shall at all times be operated and otherwise handled in a reasonable manner under the circumstances.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- That portion of a roadway included within the prolongation or connection of curblines and property lines at intersections or at any portion of a roadway clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines on the road surface or by any other markings or sign.
- FIRE LANE
- That portion of a traveled way established on private property or public property, devoted to public use, where the parking of motor vehicles or other obstructions may interfere for the purpose of protection of persons or property. This portion of the traveled way shall be clearly marked on the road surface and/or by other signs.
- Any meeting of one or more roadways with another, or any meeting of one or more roadways with a railroad.
- Includes every individual who shall operate a vehicle, as the owner thereof or as the agent, employee or permittee of the owner, or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
- PARK or PARKING
- The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, upon a street otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers or loading or unloading merchandise or in obedience to traffic regulations, signs or signals or an involuntary stopping of the vehicle by reason of causes beyond the control of the operator of the vehicle.
- Any person afoot.
- That portion of a street, exclusive of shoulders, improved and intended to be used for vehicular traffic.
- That portion of a street or roadway set aside for pedestrian travel.
- The entire width between property lines of any public street, avenue, road, highway, alley, lane or path located in the Town of Salem and established for the use of vehicular traffic.
- Any device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported upon a street, except a device which is operated upon rails or tracks.
The Chief of Police is hereby authorized and, as to those signs and signals required hereunder, it shall be his duty to place and maintain, or cause to be placed or maintained, all official traffic signs, signals, markings, and safety zones. All signs, signals, markings, and safety zones shall conform to such standards, if any, as are prescribed by the Commissioner of Transportation, State of New Hampshire.
Traffic control signs, such as parking information signs and stop signs, shall be placed as provided in Subsection A. A listing of all traffic control stop signs and no parking zones, by location, shall be maintained by the Chief of Police, and a copy shall be on file at the office of the Town Clerk.
Specified prohibited parking areas shall be delineated by the Chief of Police unless otherwise determined by the Board of Selectmen, which may hold a public hearing at its discretion.
Colors and arrow indications in traffic control signals shall have the commands ascribed to them in this section and no other meanings, and every operator of a vehicle shall comply therewith, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.
In no case shall an operator enter or proceed through an intersection without due regard to the safety of other persons within the intersection, regardless of what indications may be given by traffic control signals.
Colors of traffic control signals shall mean:
Green. While the green lens is illuminated, operators facing the signal may proceed through the intersection but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and vehicles lawfully within a crosswalk or the intersection at the time such signal was exhibited.
Yellow; yellow and red. While the yellow lens is illuminated, or both a yellow and red lens are illuminated, operators facing the signal shall not proceed, and any operator approaching the intersection or marked stop line shall stop at such points unless so close to the intersection that a stop cannot be made in safety.
Red. While the red lens is illuminated, operators facing the signal shall stop outside of the intersection or at such point as may be clearly marked by a sign or line; provided, however, that if a green arrow is illuminated at the same time, operators may enter the intersection to make the movement permitted by such arrow.
Flashing yellow. The yellow lens, when illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, shall indicate the presence of a hazard, and operators may proceed only with caution.
Flashing red. The red lens, when illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, shall indicate a hazard, and operators facing the signal shall come to a full stop outside of the intersection or at such point as may be clearly marked by a sign or line on the way.
No operator shall park a vehicle in any of the following places, and vehicles found parked in violation of any of the provisions of this section may be moved by or under the direction of a police officer of the Town of Salem to a place where parking is permitted, at the expense of the operator:
General prohibited parking areas.
Within 20 feet of any intersection.
Upon any sidewalk.
Upon any crosswalk.
In front of a private driveway.
Within any intersection.
Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant.
Upon any roadway unless both wheels on the right side of the vehicle are within 12 inches of the edge of the roadway.
Upon any roadway where the parking of a vehicle will not leave a clear and unobstructed roadway sufficient to allow the passage of one vehicle at a time.
Upon any roadway following the announcement of an emergency parking ban by the Chief of Police due to severe weather conditions.
Specific prohibited parking areas.
Each specific prohibited area shall be clearly posted with signs that shall be a design and color to conform to standards prescribed by the Commissioner of Transportation, State of New Hampshire, and/or applicable statutes of the State of New Hampshire.
Temporary no parking zones may be established by order of the Chief of Police for specific events that may require directed traffic control. Posted no parking zones may also be temporarily suspended using the same criteria.
Limited no parking zones.
Parking shall be limited within the municipally leased parking lot at the corner of Main and Central as follows:
Nothing in § 466-6 shall be interpreted as prohibiting:
It shall be unlawful to sell or offer for sale any candy, ice cream or confection or any fruit, vegetable or beverage for human consumption or any goods from any motor vehicle or any vehicle or cart of any kind or any stand which, because of its location near or adjacent to the street, results in vehicles stopping on the side of the street for the purpose of conducting a transaction of business anywhere on the following streets or sidewalks in the Town of Salem or within 100 feet of any side street which intersects with said streets:
A parking time limit of 1/2 hour shall apply to certain streets as follows (Sundays and holidays excepted):
On the northerly side of Main Street from the Boston and Maine Railroad right-of-way and tracks westerly, a distance of approximately 180 feet, from 5:01 a.m. to 2:59 p.m.
The Town Manager may establish parking time limits in off-street parking areas owned or leased by the Town, subject to the approval of the Board of Selectmen, provide signs of such parking time limits and enforce such regulations.
No operator shall leave an unattended vehicle on any street between November 15 and April 15, inclusive, of any year, except in case of an emergency, between the hours of 12:00 midnight and 6:00 a.m. Any vehicle found parked in violation of this section may be moved by or under the direction of a police officer of the Town of Salem to a place where parking is permitted, at the expense of the operator.
No vehicle shall be left unattended on any street when new snowfall has accumulated to a depth of three inches, except in case of an emergency. Any vehicle found parked in violation of this section may be moved by or under the direction of a police officer of the Town of Salem to a place where parking is permitted, at the expense of the operator.
No person shall shovel, plow or in any way move or cause snow to be moved from private property to a street or sidewalk.
The operator of a vehicle shall allow pedestrians the right-of-way crossing a street at a crosswalk.
No U-turns. A vehicle shall not turn about (make a one-hundred-eighty-degree turn) in a street or intersection.
The operator of any vehicle, other than one on official business related to a fire call, shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet, or drive within or park such vehicle within 500 feet of where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
Reverse direction locations are hereby designated, permitting the reversing of direction on roadways with median strip barriers and at locations so designated by proper signing:
At the intersection of South Broadway (Route 28) and Cluff Road for southbound traffic only and from the left-turn lane only.
Right turns on red light after stop. A vehicle may make a right turn on a red light after stopping and upon determining that a clear, safe turn can be made, except where specifically posted prohibiting the same.
The Police Department shall control all traffic and vehicles on the streets of Salem. Vehicles must stop or start immediately on signal by any police officer in uniform.
If any vehicle is found on any street or highway in violation of any provision of this chapter and the identity of the driver cannot be determined, the owner or the person in whose name the vehicle is registered shall be held prima facie responsible for such violation.
Whoever violates any provisions of this chapter shall be subject to a fine as described below:
Whoever violations a provision of §§ 466-6, 466-7, 466-8, 466-9 and 466-10A and B as hereafter defined shall be subject to a fine as provided in Subsection E if paid within five days. Failure to pay within this time limit will be cause for a notice and a doubling of the fine. Failure to pay this fine within five days will result in the denial of vehicle registration renewal.
Whoever violates a provision of §§ 466-6, 466-7, 466-8, 466-9 and 466-10C as hereafter defined shall be subject to a fine as provided in Subsection E if paid within five days. Failure to pay within this time limit will be cause for a notice and a doubling of the fine. Failure to pay this fine within five days will result in the denial of vehicle registration renewal.
Parking within 15 feet of a fire hydrant.
Parking on crosswalk.
Parking within 20 feet of an intersection.
Parking in front of a private road or driveway.
Parking within an intersection.
All-night parking when restricted (second through fifth offense, towing thereafter).
Parking on the sidewalk.
Parking at other than designated times.
Parking in a fire lane.
Whenever no penalty is otherwise provided for, any person who violates the Traffic Rules and Regulations of Salem, New Hampshire, shall be subject to a fine as provided in Subsection E for each offense.
Anyone found illegally parked in an area reserved for the handicapped, where properly posted, shall be subject to a fine as provided in Subsection E if paid within five days. Failure to pay within this time limit will be cause for a notice and a doubling of the fine. Failure to pay this fine within five days will result in the denial of vehicle registration renewal.
Fines for violation of the provisions of this chapter, as adopted by the Board of Selectmen, are on file with the Police Department and on the Town of Salem website. Fines shall not exceed the maximum penalty established pursuant to RSA 31:39, III.
No person shall place, locate, erect, construct or set out or cause to be placed, located, erected, constructed or set out within the traveled portion of any street, highway, or sidewalk any object, building or structure of any kind that will in any way impede the use by the public or free flow of pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
The section of roadway intersecting Main Street and North Main Street, known as "Cemetery Road," shall be posted for one-way traffic, the directional flow to be easterly from Main Street to North Main Street.
Persons who have received a parking violation may request an appeal with the Chief of Police within 20 days of the issuance of the violation.