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City of Shrewsbury, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[CC 1976 §400.010; Ord. No. 1151 §1, 1-23-1974]
This Title shall be known and may be cited and referred to as the "Shrewsbury Zoning Code".
[CC 1976 §400.020; Ord. No. 1151 §2, 1-23-1974]
This Zoning Code is adopted for the following purposes:
To promote the public health, safety, comfort, morals, convenience, and general public welfare;
To protect the character and the stability of the residential, business, and manufacturing areas within the City of Shrewsbury and to promote the orderly and beneficial development of such areas;
To provide adequate light, air, privacy, and convenience of access to property;
To regulate the intensity of use of land and lot areas, and to determine the area of open spaces surrounding buildings, necessary to provide adequate light and air and to protect the public health;
To lessen or avoid congestion in the public streets;
To provide for the needs of industry, business, and residence in future growth;
To promote healthful surroundings for family life in residential areas;
To fix reasonable standards to which buildings or structures shall conform;
To prohibit uses, buildings, or structures which are incompatible with the character of development or the uses allowed within specified zoning districts;
To prevent such additions to, or alteration or remodeling of, existing buildings or structures in such a way as to avoid the restrictions and limitations imposed hereunder;
To protect against fire, explosion, noxious fumes, and other hazards in the interest of the public health, safety, comfort, and general welfare;
To prevent the overcrowding of land and undue concentration of structures, so far as is possible and appropriate in each district, by regulating the use and bulk of buildings in relation to the land surrounding them;
To conserve the taxable value of land and buildings throughout the City of Shrewsbury;
To provide for the gradual elimination of non-conforming uses of land, buildings, and structures which are adversely affecting the value of desirable development in each district;
To define and limit the powers and duties of the Administrative Officers and bodies as provided herein.
[CC 1976 §400.030; Ord. No. 1151 §31, 1-23-1974; Ord. No. 1602 §1, 9-10-1985; Ord. No. 1658 §1, 8-26-1986; Ord. No. 1659 §1, 8-26-1986; Ord. No. 2094 §1, 5-13-1997; Ord. No. 2512 §1, 11-13-2007]
In the construction of this Title, the rules and definitions contained in this Section shall be observed and applied, except when the context clearly indicates otherwise.
Words used in the present tense shall include the future; and words used in the singular number shall include the plural number, and the plural the singular.
The word "shall" is mandatory and not discretionary.
The word "may" is permissive.
The word "lot" shall include the words "plot", "piece", and "parcel".
The word "structure" includes all structures of every kind regardless of similarity to buildings.
The phrase "used for" shall include the phrases "arranged for", "designed for", "intended for", "maintained for", and "occupied for".
Definitions. For the purposes of this Title the following terms shall be deemed to have the meanings indicated below:
A detached subordinate building or structure, the use of which is customarily incidental to that of the main building or structure or to the main use of the land and which is located on the same lot with the main building or use.
A use which is incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the premises, and does not charge the basic character thereof, as determined by its principal use.
As applied to a building, a charge or rearrangement in the structural parts or in the exit facilities, or an enlargement, whether by extending on a side or by increasing in height, or the moving from one (1) location or position to another.
A change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, or girders.
A room or suite of rooms in a multiple dwelling family structure which is arranged, designed, used, or intended to be used as a single housekeeping unit. Complete kitchen facilities, permanently installed, must always be included for each apartment.
A building attached to another building by a common wall (such wall being a solid wall with or without windows and doors).
Engine rebuilding or major reconditioning of worn or damaged motor vehicles or trailers; collision service, including body, frame, or fender straightening or repair; and overall painting of vehicles.
Incidental repairs, replacement of parts, and motor service to automobiles, but not including any operation specified under "Automobile Repair, Major".
A place where gasoline, stored only in underground tanks, kerosene, or lubricating oil or grease, for operation of automobiles, are offered for sale directly to the public on the premises, and including minor accessories and services for automobiles; but not including major automobile repairs; and including washing of automobiles where no chain conveyor, blower, or steam-cleaning device is employed. Automobile service stations shall not include sale or storage of automobiles.
A structure or portion thereof, containing facilities for washing motor vehicles, such as a chain conveyor, blower, steam-cleaning device or other mechanical device.
An entity that is licensed or chartered by an agency of the United States or a State of the United States as a bank or a savings bank. "Bank" shall not include an entity that is a "financial institution" or "short-term loan establishment".
A story partly underground where more than one-half (½) of its height is above the average elevation of the finished lot grade at the front of the building. A basement shall be counted as a story for purposes of height measurement.
Any structure or portion thereof upon which are signs or advertisements used as an outdoor display. This definition does not include any bulletin boards used to announce church services or to display court or other public office notices or signs offering the sale or lease of the premises on which the sign is located.
A building other than a hotel or restaurant where meals are provided for compensation to four (4) or more persons, but not more than twelve (12), who are not members of the keeper's family.
A tract of land bounded by streets or in lieu of a street or streets, by public parks, cemeteries, railroad rights-of-way, bulkhead lines or a corporate boundary line of the City.
Any structure with substantial walls and roof securely affixed to the land and entirely separated on all sides from any other structure by space or by walls in which there are no communicating doors, windows, or openings; and which is designed or intended for the shelter, enclosure, or protection of persons, animals, or chattels.
Any structure with interior areas not normally accessible for human use, such as gas holders, oil tanks, water tanks, grain elevators, coal bunkers, oil cracking towers, and other similar structures, are not considered as buildings.
The space remaining on a lot after the minimum open space requirements of this Title have been complied with.
A "completely enclosed building" is a building separated on all sides from the adjacent open space, or from other buildings or other structures, by a permanent roof and by exterior walls or party walls, pierced only by windows and normal entrance or exit doors.
The vertical distance measured from the sidewalk level or its equivalent established grade opposite the middle of the front of the building to the highest point of the roof in the case of a flat roof; to the deck line of a mansard roof; and to the mean height level between eaves and ridge of a gable, hip, or gambrel roof; provided that where buildings are set back from the street line, the height of the building may be measured from the average elevation of the unfinished lot grade at the front of the building.
Any building which does not conform to the regulations of this Title prescribing the maximum floor area ratio, required yards, coverage, height and setbacks, minimum required spacing between buildings, on a single lot, and minimum required usable open space for the district in which such building is located.
See, "Main Building".
A line parallel to the lot line at a distance from it, regulated by the yard requirements set up in this Title.
The term used to describe the size and mutual relationships of buildings and other structures, as to size; height; coverage; shape; location of exterior walls in relation to lot lines, to the centerline of streets; to other walls of the same building; and to other buildings or structures; and to all open spaces relating to the building or structure.
A "cellar" is a story having more than one-half (½) of its height below the curb level or below the highest level of the adjoining ground. A cellar shall not be counted as a story for the purpose of height measurements.
A business offering to the general public as an element of its operation, the service of providing currency and coinage for a fee in exchange for a check or checks presented and endorsed by a customer. "Check-cashing establishment" shall not include an entity that is a "bank", financial institution" or "loan office". "Check-cashing establishment" is one type of "short-term loan establishment".
An establishment where patients are not lodged overnight, but are admitted for special study and treatment by two (2) or more licensed physicians or dentists and their professional associates, practicing medicine together. The term does not include a place for the treatment of animals.
Buildings and facilities or premises, owned or operated by a corporation, association, person or persons for a social, educational, or recreational purpose, but not primarily for profit and not primarily to render a service which is customarily carried on as a business.
"Condominium Property" is any tract of land which shall be located in an "R-3" District, which shall have been planned for development with common elements or facilities maintained for the benefit of the inhabitants or their guests in addition to the dwelling units contained or located on the tract, which tract shall have been declared, planned, recorded, and approved for development as condominium property under Section 449.010 of the Revised Statutes of Missouri, so that dwelling units and a percentage of ownership in the common elements appertaining to such units may be sold and conveyed, leased, mortgaged, or otherwise dealt with as interests in real estate to separate owners without subdivision of said interest.
An open space which may or may not have direct street access and around which is arranged a single building or a group of related buildings.
The level of the established curb in front of the building measured at the center of such front. Where a building faces on more than one street, the "curb level" shall be the average of the levels of the curbs at the center of the front of each street. Where no curb elevation has been established, the mean level of the land immediately adjacent to the building shall be considered the "curb level."
A flat floored platform constructed above grade level a minimum of eighteen (18) inches, having no roof or covering of any kind and which is usually, but not necessarily, attached to a structure.
Any section of the City of Shrewsbury within which the Zoning Regulations are uniform.
Any unattended outdoor container, bin, receptacle, shed or similar device located on any property within the City of Shrewsbury that is used for the collection of donations of clothing, textiles, toys, electronic devices or other items that would normally be collected for purposes of providing future donations.
[Ord. No. 2861 §I, 8-9-2016]
A term used to describe an establishment designed or operated to serve a patron while seated in an automobile parked in an off-street parking space or to serve a patron at a window.
A building or portion thereof, but not including a house trailer or mobile home, designed or used exclusively for residential occupancy, including one-family dwelling units, two-family dwelling units, and multiple-family units, but not including hotels, boarding or lodging houses.
A building or portion thereof, designed or altered for occupancy by three (3) or more families living independently of each other.
A detached building designed exclusively for use and occupancy by one (1) family.
A building designed or altered to provide dwelling units for occupancy by two (2) families.
One (1) or more rooms in a residential structure or apartment hotel, designed for occupancy by one (1) family living together as a household or by a person living alone.
One (1) or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption, or a group of not more than three (3) persons, who need not be related by blood, marriage, or adoption living together and maintaining a common household, but not including sororities, or other similar organizations.
An entity that is licensed or chartered by an agency of the United States or a State of the United States as a trust company, savings and loan association or credit union. "Financial institution" shall not include an entity that is a "bank", "check-cashing establishment", "loan office" or "short-term loan establishment".
The area included within outside walls of a building or portion thereof, including habitable penthouses and attic space, but not including vent shafts, courts, or uninhabitable areas below ground level or in attics.
All the property abutting on one side of a street or place between two (2) intersecting streets or places, crossing or terminating, or if the streets or place is dead ended, then all of the property abutting on one side between an intersecting street or place and the dead end of the street or place.
A place where crude petroleum, gasoline, naphtha, benzine, benzol, kerosene, or other flammable liquid which has a flash point at or below two hundred degrees (200°) Fahrenheit (closed cup tester) is stored for wholesale purposes, where the aggregate capacity of all storage tanks is more than six thousand (6,000) gallons, regardless of whether the fuel is stored above ground, underground or in mobile tank cars or trucks.
Any building used or intended to be used for the storage of passenger motor buses, or motor coaches used in public transportation, including school buses.
A building which is used or intended to be used for the storage of motor trucks, truck trailers, tractors, and commercial vehicles, exceeding one and one-half (1½) ton capacity.
An accessory building or portion of the principal building, designed, arranged, used or intended to be used for the storage of automobiles of the occupants of the premises.
A building other than a private garage, used for the care, incidental servicing and sale of automobile supplies, or where motor vehicles are parked or stored for remuneration, hire, or sale within the structure, but not including trucks, tractors, truck trailers, and commercial vehicles exceeding one and one-half (1½) ton capacity.
Any building used exclusively for the storage of self-propelled vehicles.
For buildings having walls adjoining only one street, the elevation of the sidewalk at the center of the wall adjoining the street.
For buildings having walls adjoining more than one (1) street, the average of the elevation of the sidewalks at the centers of all walls adjoining the streets.
For buildings having no wall adjoining the street, the average level of the finished surface of the ground adjacent to the exterior walls of the building.
Any wall approximately parallel to and not more than five (5) feet from a street line is to be considered as adjoining the street.
Any private residence licensed by the Division of Family Services or Department of Mental Health to provide foster care to one (1) or more but less than seven (7) children who are unrelated to either foster parent by blood, marriage or adoption; subject to occupancy limitations for the particular dwelling.
Any home in which eight (8) or fewer mentally or physically disabled persons reside, other than a family as such is defined in this Code, and may include two additional persons acting as houseparents or guardians who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically disabled persons residing in the home.
[Ord. No. 2818 §1, 6-10-2015]
A domestic activity carried on by a member of the family residing on the premises, but excluding a beauty shop, barber shop, music school, convalescent or nursing home, professional office, tourist home, massage or other establishment offering services to the general public, and providing that there are no signs or display that will indicate from the exterior of the building that it is being utilized, in whole or in part, for any purpose other than that of a dwelling; providing, also, that there is no stock in trade or commodity sold upon the premises, no person is employed other than a member of the family residing on the premises, and no mechanical equipment is used except such as is customary for purely domestic or household purposes.
A building in which lodging is provided, with or without meals, and offered to the public for compensation and which is open to transient guests, in contradistinction to a boarding house or lodging house, and in which no cooking facilities are provided in any individual room or suite of rooms.
An open hard-surfaced area of land other than a street or public way, the principal use of which is for the standing, loading, and unloading of motor trucks, tractors, and trailers, to avoid undue interference with the public use of streets and alleys. Such space shall be not less than ten (10) feet in width, fifty (50) feet in length, and fourteen (14) feet in height, exclusive of access aisles and maneuvering space.
An establishment other than a "bank", "financial institution", "check-cashing establishment" or "short-term loan establishment" that offers loans to the general public.
A building where lodging only is provided for compensation to three (3), but not more than twenty (20), persons.
A parcel of land occupied or intended for occupancy by a use permitted in this Title, including not more than one main building, together with its accessory buildings, the open spaces required by this Title and having its principal frontage upon a street or upon an officially approved place.
The total horizontal area within the lot lines of the lot.
A lot situated at the intersection of two (2) or more streets.
The area of the lot occupied by the ground floor of all buildings, main and accessory, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls, or from the exterior faces of supporting exterior columns for any portion of the ground floor not enclosed by exterior walls or from the centerline of walls separating two (2) buildings.
The horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines.
That boundary on a lot along a public street.
A lot other than a corner or reversed corner lot.
The lot line having the least dimension which fronts on a street.
A side lot line common with another lot.
The rear lot line is the lot line or lot lines most nearly parallel to and most remote from the front lot line. Lot lines other than front or rear lot lines are side lot lines.
A parcel of land on a recorded plat or on the official map of the County or any parcel of land described by a legally recorded deed.
A lot having frontage on two (2) parallel or approximately parallel streets, and which is not a corner lot.
The horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth at the established front building lines.
A building occupied by the primary use for which the lot, building, or land is intended in contradistinction to an accessory building. Part of a main building may have an accessory use.
A trailer constructed in such a manner as will permit occupancy thereof for human habitation, dwelling or sleeping place for one (1) or more persons.
A park, court, camp, lot, or parcel of land whereon mobile homes, including all accessory buildings, are placed, located, or maintained.
An area occupied by one or more permanent buildings, each to be classed as a main building, each an individual unit or suite of rooms or divided into individual units or suites or rooms, each of which is designed for temporary living facilities (excluding cooking facilities) generally intended for transients; said area to include structures for such accessory uses as storage garage facilities, but said area not to be occupied by trailers, mobile homes, or tents.
Any building, structure, or land lawfully established or lawfully occupied by a use, at the time of the adoption of this Title or amendments thereto, which building or use does not conform after the passage of this Title or amendments hereto with the use regulations of the district in which it is located.
A private home for the care of children or the aged or infirm, or a place of rest for those suffering bodily disorders, but not including facilities for the treatment of sickness or injuries or for surgical care.
An institution providing care for three (3) or more children under the age of four (4) years for periods of more than four (4) hours but not exceeding twenty-four (24) hours.
An institution providing day care service for children from four (4) to six (6) years of age.
An "octave band" is a means of dividing the range of sound frequencies into octaves in order to classify sound according to pitch.
Reference to "ordinance" herein shall be construed as the Zoning Ordinance; Title IV: Land Use.
An open hard-surfaced area of land, other than a street or public way, designed, arranged, and made available for the storage of private passenger automobiles only, of occupants of the building or buildings for which the parking area is developed and is accessory.
An open, hard-surfaced area, other than a street or public way, intended to be used for the storage of passenger automobiles and commercial vehicles under one and one-half (1½) ton capacity, and available to the public, whether for compensation, free or as an accommodation to clients or customers.
An all-weather, surfaced area not in a street or alley, and having an area of not less than ten (10) feet by twenty (20) feet exclusive of driveways, permanently reserved for the temporary storage of one (1) automobile and connected with a street or alley by an all-weather surfaced driveway which affords ingress and egress for an automobile without requiring another automobile to be moved.
The City of Shrewsbury Plan Commission.
A "planned development" is a tract of land which is developed as a unit under single ownership or control (or which is developed as "condominium property" as hereinbefore defined), which includes two (2) or more principal buildings and an area as specified for Planned Developments authorized by this Title.
A roofed-over structure, projecting out from the wall or walls of a main structure and commonly open to the weather in part.
An office (other than a service office and other than an office for care and/or treatment of or medical attention to animals as distinguished from persons) for the practice of professions, such as the offices of physicians, dentists, attorneys-at-law, architects, engineers, artists, musicians, teachers, accountants, and others who through training are care and/or treatment of or medical attention to animals as distinguished from persons) for the practice of professions, such as the offices of physicians, dentists, attorneys-at-law, architects, engineers, artists, musicians, teachers, accountants, and others who through training are qualified to perform services of a professional nature, or the offices of a governmental agency; and where there is no storage, sale, or display of general merchandise on the premises.
Any person, firm, corporation, or municipal department duly authorized to furnish under public regulation to the public, electricity, gas, steam, telephone, telegraph, transportation, water or sewage disposal.
An establishment where food and/or beverages are prepared and sold to the consumer for consumption on the premises inside a building or purchased and taken off the premises for consumption. Eating shall not be permitted in automobiles parked on the premises of any restaurant. Eating shall not be permitted on any part of the premises outside of the restaurant building except by special use permit.
A roofed-over structure projecting out from the wall or walls of a main structure of which more than seventy-five percent (75%) of the walls shall be constructed of screen material, shall be one (1) story in height and shall not contain any glass windows or doors.
The distance in linear feet measured on a horizontal plane from the lot line to a building or structure on the lot.
A loan to at least one (1) individual that matures in one (1) year or less. "Short-term loan" shall include any extension, modification or novation of a loan that originates as a short-term loan. "Short-term loan" shall not include any extension, modification or novation of a loan that does not originate as a short-term loan.
One (1) of the following:
A business engaged in providing short-term loans to members of the general public as an element of its operation, or
A check-cashing establishment, or
A business licensed by the State of Missouri as a pawnshop or pawnbroker.
"Short-term loan establishment" shall not include an entity that is a "bank". "financial institution" or "loan office".
The rental to transient guests of a portion of a single- or multi-family dwelling unit, or a portion thereof located in a residentially zoned district for a period of less than thirty (30) consecutive calendar days. Examples, include, but are not limited to, bed-and-breakfast facilities and rentals arranged through online marketing or facilitation services.
[Ord. No. 2919, 4-24-2018]
A sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service, or entertainment conducted, sold, or offered elsewhere than on the lot or only incidental on the lot, if at all.
An off-site sign which directs attention to a business, profession, display, or entertainment conducted upon the lot or to a commodity or service stored, sold, or displayed on the premises.
Any use of land or buildings or both described and permitted under the special use provisions of this Title.
That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or if there be no floor above it, then the space between the floor and the ceiling next above it. Any portion of a story exceeding fourteen (14) feet in height shall be considered as an additional story for each fourteen (14) feet or fraction thereof.
A half story is that portion of a building under a gable, hip, or mansard roof, the wall plates of which, on at least two (2) opposite exterior walls, are not more than two (2) feet above the finished floor of such story. In the case of one-family dwellings, two-family dwellings, and multiple-family dwellings less than three (3) stories in height, a half story in a sloping roof shall not be counted as a story for the purpose of this Title, except in the case where independent apartments or living quarters occupy the half story when it shall be counted as a full story. In the case of multiple-family dwellings, three (3) or more stories in height, a half story shall be counted as a story.
A public way other than an alley which affords the principal means of access to abutting property.
Anything constructed or erected which requires location on the ground or is attached to something having location on the ground.
Any changes except those required by law or ordinance, which would prolong the life or change the shape or size of any portion of a building or structure or of the supporting members of a building or structure, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, arches, floor or roof joists, or girders.
A vehicle without motive power used or adaptable for living, sleeping, business, or storage purposes, having no foundation other than wheels, blocks, skids, jacks, horses, or skirting, which does not meet building code requirements and has been or reasonably may be equipped with wheels or other devices for transporting the structure from place to place. The term "trailer" shall include "camp car" and "house car". A permanent foundation shall not change its character unless the entire structure is erected in accordance with the City Building Code.
The purpose for which land or a building thereon is designed, arranged, or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained, let or leased.
A structure forming a physical barrier which is so constructed that less than fifty percent (50%) of the vertical surface is open to permit the transmission of light, air, and vision through such surface in a horizontal plane.
An open space on the same lot with a principal building or group of buildings, which is unoccupied and unobstructed from its lowest level upward, except as otherwise permitted in this Title, and which extends along a lot line and at right angles thereto to a depth or width specified in the yard regulations for the district in which the lot is located.
A yard extending across the full width of the lot and lying between the front line of the lot and the nearest line of a building.
A yard extending across the full width of the lot and lying between the rear line of the lot and the nearest line of the principal building.
That part of the yard lying between the nearest line of the principal building and a side lot line, and extending from the required front yard (or from the front lot line, if there is no required front yard) to the required rear yard.
The map or maps incorporated into this Title as a part hereof.
[CC 1976 §400.040; Ord. No. 1151 §§4.10, 4.30-4.50, 1-23-1974; Ord. No. 1398 §1, 10-28-1980; Ord. No. 2149 §1, 3-24-1998]
Districts. In order to carry out the purposes and provisions of this Title, the City of Shrewsbury is hereby divided into seven (7) Districts known as:
Single-Family District
Single-Family District
Planned Residential District
Shopping District
Planned Commercial District
Industrial District
Planned Industrial District
Zoning District Map. The boundaries of the districts are hereby established as shown on the map hereby made a part of this Title, which map is designated as the "Zoning District Map". The Zoning District Map and all the notations, references and other information shown thereon and all amendments thereto made by ordinance are and shall be a part of this Title by reference as if fully set forth herein and shall have the same force and effect as if the Zoning District Map and all the notations, references, other information and amendments thereto were all fully set forth herein. The "Official Zoning District Map" is on file in the office of the City Clerk and a copy is available in the office of the County Recorder of Deeds.
Vacation Of Public Way. Whenever any street, alley or other public way is vacated by the Board of Aldermen, the zoning districts adjoining each side of such street, alley or public way shall be automatically extended to the center of such vacation and all area included in the vacation shall be subject to all appropriate regulations of the extended districts.
Property Not Classified; Annexed Property. In any case where property is not specifically within a district shown on the District Map, such property shall be considered as being within the "R-1" Single-Family District until or unless otherwise classified by ordinance. All territory which may hereafter be annexed to the City shall be automatically classified in the "R-1" Single-Family District until otherwise classified by ordinance.
Boundary Lines. Where uncertainty exists with respect to the boundaries of the various districts as shown on the District Map, the following rules apply:
The district boundaries are either streets or alleys unless otherwise shown, and where the districts designated on the map are bounded approximately by street or alley lines, the street or alley shall be construed to be the boundary of the district.
Where the district boundaries are not otherwise indicated, and where the property has been or may hereafter be divided into blocks and lots, the district boundaries shall be construed to be the lot lines, and where the districts designated on the map are bounded approximately by lot lines, the lot lines shall be construed to be the boundary of the districts unless the boundaries are otherwise indicated on the map.
In the unsubdivided property, the district boundary lines on the map shall be determined by use of the scale appearing on the map.
Where the application of the aforesaid rules leaves reasonable doubt as to the boundaries between two (2) districts, the regulations of the more restrictive district shall govern the entire parcel in question.