[CC 1976 §415.010; Ord. No. 764 Art. II, 4-25-1961; Ord. No. 2713 §§4—6, 5-28-2013]
For the purposes of this Chapter certain terms and words are hereby defined. Words used in the present tense shall include the future and the singular number shall include the plural and the plural the singular; the word "building" shall include the word structure and the word "Shall" is mandatory and not directory.
- FLOOR AREA
- The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several stories of a building measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the center line of party walls. Included shall be any basement floor, interior balconies and mezzanines, elevator shafts and stair wells.
- LOADING SPACE
- A space within the main building or on the same lot providing for the standing, loading, or unloading of trucks, which space has a minimum of ten (10) feet by twenty-five (25) feet and a vertical clearance of at least fourteen (14) feet. Vehicles occupying loading spaces shall not encroach upon the City street, sidewalk or walk area, or alley, if any.
- PARKING LOT
- Any place or lot, parcel or yard used in whole or in part for storing or parking of three (3) or more vehicles where such usage is not incident to or in conjunction with a Single-family dwelling.
- PARKING SPACE, AUTOMOBILE
- A durable surfaced area, unenclosed or enclosed, having a rectangular area of not less than one hundred seventy-one (171) square feet, with a minimum width of nine (9) feet exclusive of driveways, permanently reserved for the temporary storage of one (1) automobile and connected with a street or alley by a hard surfaced driveway. A stall dimension of eight and one-half (8½) feet by eighteen (18) feet may be permitted when expressly designated for compact car use only.
- RETAIL FLOOR AREA
- The sum of the gross horizontal areas of a building, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the centerline of party walls, that are devoted to the sale of retail goods, but such areas shall not include any basement floor, interior balconies and mezzanines, elevator shafts, stairwells, outdoor sales areas, office areas, restrooms, receiving areas and vestibules, stockrooms, coolers, freezers, customer service areas, and other support or auxiliary areas related to the retail store.
[CC 1976 §415.020; Ord. No. 764 Art. III, 4-25-1961; Ord. No. 894 §§1—2, 3-8-1966; Ord. No. 1391 §1, 8-12-1980; Ord. No. 2634 §1, 9-13-2011; Ord. No. 2713 §§7—9, 5-28-2013]
In all districts within the City of Shrewsbury there shall be provided at the time any building or structure is erected or structurally altered (to the extent specified in Subsection (B) hereof) off-street parking spaces in accordance with the following:
Single-family dwellings: One (1) parking space per dwelling.
Duplexes, multiple-family dwellings, and apartments: Two (2) parking spaces for each dwelling unit.
Church, public schools and institutions: One (1) parking space for each four (4) seats in the auditorium and other assembly rooms. In case there is no auditorium there shall be two (2) parking spaces for each three (3) class rooms.
Community center, library, museum: Eight (8) parking spaces for the first (1st) two thousand (2,000) square feet or fraction thereof, plus one (1) additional parking space for each three hundred (300) square feet of floor area in excess of two thousand (2,000) square feet.
Golf clubs: One parking space for each three (3) members.
Business and professional offices, studio, clinic, banks: Four (4) parking spaces for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area plus one (1) space for each additional two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
Retail store and personnel services establishments except as otherwise specified herein: Four and one-half (4.5) parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of retail floor area. No parking spaces shall be required for any other floor areas not included in the definition of retail floor area.
Private club, lodge, fraternity or sorority: One (1) parking space for each three (3) members.
Recreation or amusement place or theater: One (1) parking space for each four (4) seats provided therein.
Plumbing, tinsmithing, and electrical, and similar service establishments: One (1) parking space for each three (3) persons employed therein plus one (1) parking space for each commercial vehicle owned or operated by the establishment.
Bowling alleys: Five (5) spaces for each alley.
Restaurants: One (1) parking space for each three (3) seats plus one (1) parking space for each three (3) employees on the maximum shift.
Any structure, the use of which does not fall within the above categories, the number of parking spaces shall be based upon the anticipated number of employees and commercial vehicles owned or operated: One (1) parking space for two (2) employees plus one (1) space for each commercial vehicle owned or operated.
In computing the number of parking spaces required, the following rules shall govern:
Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be the next higher whole number.
In the case of mixed uses, the number of parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately.
Whenever a building or use, constructed or established after the effective date of this Chapter, is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise to create the need for one (1) or more additional parking spaces, such additional parking spaces shall be added. Whenever a building or use, existing prior to the effective date of this Chapter, is reconstructed or enlarged to the extent of twenty percent (20%) or more in floor area, said building or use in its entirety shall then and thereafter comply with the parking requirements set forth herein.
Parking spaces required herein shall be located as follows:
Parking spaces required herein shall be located behind the front yard requirements for the district within which the parking space or spaces are constructed except that in no case shall parking spaces be located closer than five (5) feet to a public walk or public walk area, and all parking areas containing three (3) or more parking spaces adjoining Residential Districts shall not be constructed closer than five (5) feet to the district boundary line.
Parking spaces required herein for residential buildings or uses shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served. The parking spaces required for any other buildings or use may be located on an area within three hundred (300) feet of said building or use, or two (2) or more owners of buildings may join together in providing the required parking spaces. Where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served, the usage of the lot or tract upon which said parking spaces are provided shall be restricted by an instrument of record describing the premises for which said parking is provided and assuring the retention of such parking so long as required by this Chapter.
Before the construction, improvement, operation, or maintenance of a parking lot, commercially or privately owned or operated, the owner or operator thereof shall submit plans and specifications showing details of the improvements and a statement regarding the proposed method of maintenance and operation. No permit shall be issued therefor unless the parking lot conforms to the following standards of improvement and maintenance.
Such lots shall be surfaced either with six (6) inches of concrete or with not less than six (6) inches of compacted crushed stone and not less than two (2) inches of bituminous surfacing or any surfacing that is equal or superior to either of these types. In "C-1" and "C-2" Commercial Districts, the lots may be surfaced to comply with a pavement design submitted in accordance with the geo-technical report that may be prepared specifically for each district, subject to the approval of the Building Commissioner.
Adequate provision shall be made for the disposal of storm water in such manner acceptable to the Building Commissioner and such disposal shall insure that such storm water shall not flow onto adjoining property or adjacent sidewalks in a quantity or manner that would be detrimental thereto, or inconvenient to persons using the sidewalk.
A structurally sound wall, curb, or abutment, approved by the Building Commissioner shall be constructed around each side of the parking lot whenever deemed necessary by the Building Commissioner for adequate protection of the public. An adequate retaining wall whenever necessary to prevent the washing of soil to and from adjoining property and a wall or screen of such height and character as are necessary for adequate screening of the parking lot from adjacent property shall also be provided to meet the requirements of the Building Commissioner.
All parking lots shall be so arranged or constructed that vehicles can turn around within said parking lot area and enter the street or roadway (whether private or public) in such a manner as to completely eliminate backing into said street or roadway.
The location of each parking space and the location and direction of movement along the driveways providing access thereto shall be indicated by painting upon the surface, by raised directional signs, or by markers or other similar measures placed in the surfacing, where required by the Building Commissioner.
Driveways, within the lot, which afford access to and from parking spaces shall be of such width as to permit parking without damage to other cars or undue stress upon the driver. Driveways which do not give access to parking stalls, but are for flow of traffic within the lot shall have a minimum width of twenty (20) feet. Access driveways shall have the following minimum widths:
Whenever the parking lots are to be used during darkness, a system of flood lighting shall be installed to provide an adequate standard of illumination over the entire parking lot. All flood lights shall be shielded so that a minimum of glare will extend to adjacent property and shall meet the requirements of the Building Commissioner.
A sign, the size and character of which shall be approved by the Building Commissioner, shall be installed, showing the ownership of the lot and the permitted use thereof. If the lot is so operated that a charge is made for the use of the parking facilities, the rates for parking and the hours open to parking shall be legibly shown upon the sign.
The planting of trees, shrubs, or grass shall be required by the Building Commissioner except where the Building Commissioner deems such plantings will not be to the best interest of the City and the purpose of the parking lot.
A temporary shelter for the use of a parking lot attendant may be maintained on the lot provided the location, construction, and the design of same shall be first approved by the Building Commissioner.
The parking lot shall be maintained in a manner to keep it as free as practicable from dust, paper, and other loose particles, and snow and ice shall be promptly removed by the operator. All adjacent sidewalks shall be kept free from dirt, ice, sleet and snow and in a safe condition for the use of pedestrians. All signs, markers, or any other method used to indicate direction of traffic movement and location of parking spaces shall be maintained in a neat and legible condition at all times. Likewise, any walls, trees and shrubbery, as well as surfacing of the parking lot, shall be maintained in good condition throughout its use for parking purposes in the City, acting through its duly authorized representative, shall have the authority to prohibit the use of the area for parking purposes unless and until proper maintenance, repairs or rehabilitation is complete.
Operation. Any person or persons operating a parking lot shall, as may be required by the Board of Aldermen, either:
File with the City of Shrewsbury a bond in such form as may be prescribed by the City Attorney and in such amount as required by the Board of Aldermen, which shall be surety for any judgement for damages rendered against the operator of the property, when incurred while using the parking lot; or
Carry public liability insurance in such amount as may be required by the Board of Aldermen.
All parking lots being maintained at the time of the adoption of this Chapter shall be brought into compliance with the standards established in Subparagraphs (1-12) of Subsection (D) of this Section within sixty (60) days of the passage of this Chapter. The City, acting through its duly authorized representative, shall have the authority to prohibit the use of such parking lot after a sixty (60) day period until compliance with such standards is effective.
Every building or part thereof erected or occupied for retail business, hotel, mortuary, or any other use similarly involving the receipt or distribution by vehicle of materials or merchandise, shall provide and maintain, on the same premises, loading spaces in accordance with the following requirements:
In the "C-1" and "C-2" Commercial Districts, one (1) loading space for the first two thousand (2,000) to ten thousand (10,000) square feet of floor area, one (1) additional loading space for the next ten thousand one (10,001) to one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet of floor area, and one (1) additional loading space for each additional one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet of floor area.
In "M-1" and "M-2" Industrial Districts, a loading space shall have a minimum width of ten (10) feet and a minimum depth of forty (40) feet. The required number of loading spaces per square foot of floor area shall be as follows: five thousand (5,000) to twenty-four thousand (24,000) square feet = one (1) space; twenty-four thousand one (24,001) to sixty thousand (60,000) square feet = two (2) spaces; sixty thousand one (60,001) to ninety-six thousand (96,000) square feet = three (3) spaces; ninety-six thousand one (96,001) to one hundred forty-four thousand (144,000) = four (4) spaces; one hundred forty-four thousand one (144,001) to one hundred ninety-two thousand (192,000) = five (5) spaces; one hundred ninety-two thousand one (192,001) to two hundred forty thousand (240,000) square feet = six (6) spaces; two hundred forty thousand one (240,001) to two hundred ninety-four thousand (294,000) square feet = seven (7) spaces; two hundred ninety-four thousand one (294,001) to three hundred forty-eight thousand (348,000) square feet = eight (8) spaces. Each additional fifty thousand (50,000) square feet over and above three hundred forty-eight thousand (348,000) requires one (1) additional loading space.
The City may designate parking spaces for the exclusive use of vehicles which display a distinguishing license plate or card issued pursuant to Sections 301.071, RSMo., or 301.142, RSMo. Owners of private property used for public parking shall also designate parking spaces for the exclusive use of vehicles which display a distinguishing license plate or card issued pursuant to Sections 301.071, RSMo., or 301.142, RSMo. Whenever the City or owner of private property so designates a parking space, the space shall be indicated by a sign upon which shall be inscribed the international symbol of accessibility and shall may also include any appropriate wording such as "Accessible Parking" to indicate that the space is reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles which display a distinguishing license plate or card. The sign described in this Subsection shall also state, or an additional sign shall be posted below or adjacent to the sign stating, the following: "$50 to $300 fine". When any owner of private property restripes a parking lot or constructs a new parking lot, one (1) in every four (4) accessible spaces, but not less than one (1), shall be served by an access aisle a minimum of ninety-six (96) inches wide and shall be designated "lift van accessible only" with signs that meet the requirements of the Federal American with Disabilities Act, as amended, and any rules or regulations established pursuant thereto. Beginning August 28, 2011, all new signs erected under this Section shall not contain the words "Handicap Parking" or "Handicapped Parking".
[CC 1976 §415.030; Ord. No. 764 Art. IV, 4-25-1961]
It shall be the duty of the Building Commissioner to enforce this Chapter. Appeal from the decision of the Building Commissioner may be made by filing with the Board of Adjustment and the Building Commissioner, in writing a notice specifying the ground thereof.
Any person, firm, or corporation who attempts to use or cause any one to attempt to use a building constructed prior to the effective date of this Chapter which is altered as set forth herein or attempts to use or cause anyone to use a building constructed after the effective date of this Chapter without first having fully complied with each and every provision herein shall upon conviction thereof be subject to a fine of not less than ten dollars ($10.00) or more than one hundred dollars ($100.00) for each and every violation hereof, and each and every day said violation exists shall be considered a separate offense.