City of St. Charles, MO
St. Charles County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[R.O. 2009 §156.115; CC 1981 §30-93; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 93-130, 6-9-1993; Ord. No. 96-168, 6-19-1996; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998; Ord. No. 10-244 §1, 11-18-2010]
A. 
General.
1. 
In all zoning districts, off-street parking spaces and driveways for the maneuvering, storage and parking of motor vehicles for the use of occupants, employees and patrons of the buildings or structures hereafter erected or enlarged or of riverboats used, after the effective date of these regulations, shall be paved as defined in Section 400.050 and shall otherwise be provided as herein prescribed.
2. 
Required parking spaces shall be maintained and shall not be encroached upon so long as the main building, structure, riverboat or use remains, unless an equivalent number of such parking spaces is provided elsewhere in conformance with these regulations. The owners of a building, structure, riverboat or other use requiring off-street parking space must show to the satisfaction of the Department of Community Development that they are the recorded title holders of the property devoted to such principal land use and of the property proposed for off-street parking use or that they are the lessees of such property.
3. 
Required off-street parking spaces which serve an existing structure or use shall not be reduced in size less than that required under the terms of these regulations.
4. 
The City Engineer or designee shall approve all off-street parking facilities prior to the issuance of a building permit for such development.
5. 
Plans for the development of any parking lot must be submitted to and approved by the Department of Community Development and the Department of Public Works. The plans shall be prepared at a scale of not less than one (1) inch equals fifty (50) feet and shall indicate existing and proposed grades, drainage facilities, water mains and sewers, surfacing and base materials to be used, points of ingress and egress and the general layout of the proposed parking lot.
B. 
Definitions.
1. 
For the purposes of Division 1 "Parking" of this Article, the term "structure" shall include the meaning prescribed by Section 400.050 and shall also include floating structures. The remodeling or alteration of existing buildings or structures shall be exempt from these provisions if:
a. 
The exterior dimensions are not changed; and
b. 
Any increase in floor space is confined within the basic structure.
2. 
The term "floor area", as employed in Division 1 "Parking" of this Article, shall mean the gross floor area of a building or structure used or intended to be used for service to the public as customers, patrons, clients, patients or tenants including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for display or sale of merchandise. "Floor area", for the purpose of Division 1 "Parking" of this Article, shall not include any area used for:
a. 
Storage accessory to the principal use of a building or basement.
b. 
Janitorial change and repair.
c. 
Stairways and elevators.
d. 
Show windows not accessible to the public.
e. 
Restrooms.
f. 
Utilities.
g. 
Dressing, fitting or alteration rooms.
h. 
Employee lounges.
C. 
Parking In Residential Zoning Districts. Except as allowed by Section 400.600, all motor vehicles parked or stored on residential property in any residential zoning district shall be parked and stored:
1. 
Within a garage or accessory structure or on a paved driveway or on a paved parking area immediately adjacent to the driveway, except that any gravel surfaces used for parking of motor vehicles on the effective date of this Chapter may continue to be used for parking of motor vehicles; and
2. 
With the nearest edge of the motor vehicle at least six (6) feet from the nearest edge of the right-of-way; and
3. 
With the nearest edge of the motor vehicle at least two (2) feet from the nearest edge of a public sidewalk.
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[R.O. 2009 §156.116; CC 1981 §30-94; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 93-130, 6-9-1993; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998; Ord. No. 99-53, 2-4-1999; Ord. No. 99-205, 6-3-1999; Ord. No. 01-111, 6-8-2001; Ord. No. 10-244 §1, 11-18-2010; Ord. No. 12-231 §2, 12-6-2012; Ord. No. 15-069 §4, 4-21-2015; Ord. No. 18-115, 5-15-2018]
Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, when any building or structure is hereafter erected or structurally altered, any building or structure hereafter erected is converted, any riverboat is used, accessory off-street parking spaces shall be provided as follows:
Use
Spaces Required
Animal hospital
1 per 400 square feet of floor area; 4 spaces minimum
Auditorium, gymnasium, stadium, arena or convention hall or community center
1 per 4 seats or seating spaces; see also Section 400.680(G)
Automobile or boat sales
1 per 300 square feet of floor area; 2 spaces minimum
Automobile repair and body shops
2 per every 3 employees or fraction thereof; 2 spaces minimum; plus 1 per each bay
Automobile service stations that provide repair services and include gas pumps
1 space for every 2 gas pumps, plus 2 spaces for each service bay or similar facility, plus 1 space for every 1.5 employees, plus 1 space for every vehicle customarily used in the operation
Banks
1 per 150 square feet of floor area; 5 spaces minimum
Banquet hall, party center or meeting facility
1 space per 100 sq. ft. of floor area
Barber and beauty shops
1 per 150 square feet of floor area; 5 spaces minimum
Bowling alleys
5 per lane
Broadcasting stations
1 per 200 square feet or 5 spaces minimum; auditorium for broadcasting station requires space as above
Church, temple, synagogue, auditorium or place of assembly
1 per 4 seats or bench seating spaces (See Section 400.680(G))
Congregate Care Facilities
1 per 2 beds
Convenience store with fuel
1 space per 250 sq. ft. of floor area, plus 1 space for every 2 gas pumps
Convenience store without fuel
1 space per 250 sq. ft. of floor area
Country club or golf club
1 per 5 members or 1 for each 400 square feet of floor area, whichever is greater
Day care centers and adult day care centers
1 space per every 10 children or adults receiving care, plus 1 space per employee
Drinking place, bar or tavern
6 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Dwelling units
2 per dwelling unit
Fitness and health centers
One (1) space per 200 sq. ft. of floor area
Funeral or mortuary home
1 per 100 square feet of floor area, excluding storage and work area; 30 spaces minimum
Furniture or appliance store, machinery, equipment
1 per 350 square feet of floor area; 2 spaces minimum
Gaming establishments
1 space per employee on the maximum shift; plus 1 space per 2 patrons and customers
Guest, boarding or lodging house
1 per bedroom (See Section 400.421(A)(4))
Hospital
2 per patient bed. Bassinets and incubators shall not be counted as beds
Library, museum or art gallery
10 spaces minimum, plus 1 additional space for each 300 square feet of floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Manufacturing or industrial establishment
1 per 2 employees on maximum working shift plus space for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with the business or industry
Medical offices or clinic
1 per 200 square feet of floor area
Mobile home or travel trailer sales
1 per 200 square feet of sales office area; 5 spaces minimum
Motel or hotel
5 spaces minimum, plus 1 per sleeping room or suite
Nursing homes, convalescent homes, homes for the aged or similar institutions
1 per 2 patient beds
Office or office building (other than medical), post office, studio
1 per 350 square feet of floor area, 2 spaces minimum
Printers and publishers
1 per 2 employees on maximum working shift plus space for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with the business
Private club, fraternity, sorority or lodge, with sleeping rooms
2 per 3 sleeping rooms or suites or 1 per 100 square feet of floor area, whichever is greater
Private club, fraternity, sorority or lodge, without sleeping rooms
1 per 10 members or 1 for each 600 square feet of floor area, whichever is greater
Recreational uses including public or private skating rinks, swimming pools and exhibition halls without fixed seats
1 per 100 square feet of floor area; does not apply to accessory uses
Repair or service establishment, plumbing, HVAC
1 per 200 square feet or 5 spaces minimum
Restaurant (sit-down, drive-in or carry-out)
1 per 100 square feet of floor area
Retail store, doughnut shop or delicatessen
1 per 200 square feet of floor area
Riverboat
1 space per employee on the maximum shift; plus 1 space per 2 passengers, patrons and customers; plus 1 space per 4 passengers for overlapping schedules; see also Section 400.680(H)
School
For elementary or junior high schools, 1 per 10 seats in main assembly room or 2 per classroom, whichever is greater; for high school, college, business or trade school, 1 for each faculty and staff member plus 1 for each 5 students
Senior Housing Facilities
1 per dwelling unit plus 1 per each employee on the maximum shift
Speculative shopping centers and speculative multi-tenant buildings
5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Theater
1 per 4 seats or seating spaces
Warehouse
1 per 2,000 square feet of warehouse area, plus space for storage of trucks or other vehicles
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[R.O. 2009 §156.117; CC 1981 §30-95; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 93-130, 6-9-1993; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998; Ord. No. 09-227, 12-10-2009; Ord. No. 10-244 §1, 11-18-2010]
A. 
The parking space requirements for a use not specifically listed in Section 400.670 shall be the same as for a listed use with similar characteristics of parking demand generation as generally described in the most recently published Trip Generation Manual from the Institute of Traffic Design Engineers.
B. 
The parking requirements in Section 400.670 are in addition to space for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with any use.
C. 
The parking requirements in Division 1 "Parking" of this Article do not limit special requirements, which may be imposed with planned unit developments or conditional uses.
D. 
For fractional spaces, round to the next highest whole number.
E. 
Except as otherwise provided, the number of employees shall be computed on the basis of the maximum number of persons employed on the premises at one (1) time on an average day or average night, whichever is greater. Seasonal variations in employment may be recognized in determining an average day.
F. 
For any change in use or an increase in floor area or in the number of employees or other unit of measurement specified for the determination of required off-street parking spaces, additional off-street parking facilities shall be provided on the basis of the increase. However, no additional parking facilities shall be required for any change created by an increase of less than ten percent (10%) of the originally required number of spaces.
G. 
When benches, pews or other seating arrangements are provided in a place of public assembly, one (1) seat equals twenty (20) lineal inches. Where specifications and plans filed with the Department of Community Development specify a certain seating capacity for a particular building, such specified seating capacity shall be used as the basis for determining the required number of parking spaces.
H. 
The parking requirements for the overlapping schedules of riverboats may be reduced by the following percentages:
1. 
If the time between cruises is at least thirty (30) minutes 25%.
2. 
If the time between cruises is at least sixty (60) minutes 50%.
3. 
If the time between cruises is at least ninety (90) minutes 75%.
I. 
"GPRS" Bonus.
All tiers. Up to fifteen percent (15%) of the total number of required parking spaces may be designed for compact motor vehicles. Where possible, these spaces shall be clustered together, located in areas with convenient access to the principal building(s) served and shall be marked with signs restricting their use to compact motor vehicles. For the purposes of this Subsection, "compact motor vehicles" shall be defined as every motor vehicle fifteen (15) feet or less in length.
J. 
"GPRS" Bonus.
All tiers. A covered bike rack providing a minimum of five (5) bike parking spaces may be used in lieu of one (1) vehicle parking space. Only one (1) such reduction may be utilized per project.
K. 
"GPRS" Bonus.
All tiers. Each designated carpool (multi-passenger) space shall count as two (2) required standard parking spaces. The number of carpool parking spaces shall not exceed ten percent (10%) of the total required parking spaces on a property.
L. 
"GPRS" Bonus.
All tiers. Up to ten percent (10%) of the total number of required parking spaces may be designed for motorcycles. Where possible, these spaces shall be clustered together, located in areas with convenient access to the principal building(s) served and shall be marked with signs restricting their use to motorcycles. For the purposes of this Division, "motorcycles" shall be defined as every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
M. 
"GPRS" Bonus.
Tiers 1 and 2. The total parking requirement for a property shall be reduced by ten percent (10%).
Tier 3. The total parking requirements for a property shall be reduced by twenty percent (20%).
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[R.O. 2009 §156.118; CC 1981 §30-96; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 93-130, 6-9-1993; Ord. No. 94-65, 4-6-1994; Ord. No. 94-114, 5-18-1994; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998; Ord. No. 10-244 §1, 11-18-2010]
A. 
Joint Use Of Parking. Businesses may share up to fifty percent (50%) of the required parking spaces; provided that the businesses sharing such use do not normally observe the same business hours. Adjoining schools and churches may share up to one hundred percent (100%) of required spaces. All such shared uses shall be covered by a properly executed and recorded written agreement as specified below.
B. 
Parking For Mixed Uses. In cases of mixed uses, the parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately; except that parking requirements for permitted accessory retail and service uses in a hotel, motel or motor lodge, containing fifty (50) or more rooms, may be reduced by the following percentages:
1. 
Retail sales, offices, service establishments 30%.
2. 
Restaurants, cocktail lounges, nightclubs and dining rooms 50%.
3. 
Ballrooms, banquet halls, meeting rooms and auditoriums 50%.
C. 
Off-Site Parking.
1. 
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served; except that where an increase in the number of spaces is required by a change or enlargement of use or for non-residential uses, the required spaces may be located and maintained off-site, not more than three hundred (300) feet from the building served.
2. 
In any case where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served or where such spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, such parking space shall be established by a recorded covenant or agreement as parking space to be used in conjunction with the principal use and shall be reserved as such through an encumbrance on the title of the property to be designated as required parking space, such encumbrance to be valid for the total period that the use or uses for which the parking is needed are in existence.
3. 
The parking requirements for riverboats and gaming establishments, based upon number of employees, may be reduced by the number of off-site employee parking spaces provided. However, this reduction may occur only if the employer requires the employees to use the off-site parking spaces and only if the employer provides shuttle service for the employees to and from the off-site parking spaces.
4. 
Not more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the required parking spaces may be provided at off-site locations for an "PD-RF" development involving gaming establishments.
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[R.O. 2009 §156.119; CC 1981 §30-97; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 90-87, 4-18-1990; Ord. No. 95-88, 3-30-1995; Ord. No. 95-344, 12-8-1995; Ord. No. 96-138, 5-8-1996; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998; Ord. No. 99-53, 2-4-1999; Ord. No. 99-205, 6-3-1999; Ord. No. 05-181, 6-22-2005; Ord. No. 09-227, 12-10-2009; Ord. No. 10-244 §1, 11-18-2010]
A. 
Paving. The required off-street parking facilities shall be paved in accord with the standards of the City Council. If the off-street parking space is required in connection with a temporary use of land not exceeding thirty (30) consecutive days in any one (1) year, then the space is not required to be a paved surface area except that in no instance shall more than five (5) spaces on private property be utilized as an unpaved, temporary parking lot during a City recognized civic festival or event.
B. 
Parking Dimensions. All new parking areas shall comply with the dimensional requirements provided in the following tables and as illustrated in Figure 8, except for disabled parking spaces which shall instead meet the stall width and access aisle requirements provided in Section 350.397 of this Code.
Standard Motor Vehicle Spaces
Angle
Stall Width
A
Vehicle Projection
B
Aisle Width
C
Typical Module
D
Interlock Reduction
E
9' 0"
7' 0"
16' 3"
30' 3"
0' 0"
45°
9' 0"
17' 0"
15' 3"
49' 3"
3' 2"
50°
9' 0"
17' 7"
15' 7"
50' 9"
2' 11"
55°
9' 0"
18' 1"
16' 1"
52' 3"
2' 7"
60°
9' 0"
18' 5"
16' 11"
53' 9"
2' 3"
65°
9' 0"
18' 7"
17' 10"
55' 0"
1' 11"
70°
9' 0"
18' 8"
18' 11"
56' 3"
1' 6"
75°
9' 0"
18' 7"
20' 4"
57' 6"
1' 2"
90°
9' 0"
17' 6"
26' 6"
61' 6"
0' 0"
Note: All dimensions based on a design vehicle of six (6) feet two (2) inches wide by sixteen (16) feet eight (8) inches in length. Parallel parking spaces (zero degree (0°) angle) shall be a minimum of twenty-two (22) feet in length.
Compact Motor Vehicle Space
Angle
Stall Width
A
Vehicle Projection
B
Aisle Width
C
7' 0"
7' 0"
16' 3"
45°
8' 0"
17' 7"
15' 7"
60°
8' 0"
18' 5"
16' 11"
90°
8' 0"
17' 6"
26' 6"
Note: Parallel compact motor vehicle parking spaces (zero degree (0°) angle) shall be a minimum of twenty-one (21) feet in length. For the purposes of this Division, "compact motor vehicle" shall be defined as every motor vehicle fifteen (15) feet or less in length. Compact motor vehicle spaces may be utilized pursuant to Section 400.680(I).
Motorcycle Parking Space
Angle
Stall Width
A
Vehicle Projection
B
Aisle Width
C
4' 0"
7' 0"
16' 3"
45°
5' 0"
17' 7"
15' 7"
60°
5' 0"
18' 5"
16' 11"
90°
5' 0"
17' 6"
26' 6"
Note: Parallel motorcycle parking spaces (zero degree (0°) angle) shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in length. For the purposes of this Division, "motorcycles" shall be defined as every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. Motorcycle parking spaces may be utilized pursuant to Section 400.680(L).
Figure 8
Parking Geometrics
C. 
Marking. Parking spaces in lots of more than five (5) spaces shall be marked by painted lines or curbs or other means to indicate individual spaces. Signs or markers shall be used as necessary to ensure efficient traffic operation on the lot.
D. 
Waiting Areas.
1. 
Off-street waiting spaces shall be a minimum of nine (9) feet wide and twenty (20) feet long.
2. 
Facilities with drive-thru services. Three (3) off-street waiting spaces shall be provided for each service window on the same premises with every structure, or part thereof, erected and used for serving customers in automobiles by means of a service window or similar arrangement where the automobile engine is not turned off.
3. 
Car washes. Self-service car washes shall provide two (2) off-street waiting spaces for each washing stall. Car washes other than self-service shall provide three (3) waiting spaces for each washing stall. A drying lane fifty (50) feet long shall also be provided at the exit of each washing stall in order to prevent undue amounts of water from collecting on the public street and thereby creating a traffic hazard.
4. 
Day care and adult day care facilities. A minimum of two (2) off-street waiting spaces shall be provided for each facility.
E. 
Drainage And Maintenance.
1. 
Off-street parking facilities shall be drained to eliminate standing water and prevent damage to abutting property and/or public streets and alleys.
2. 
No surface water from such parking area shall be permitted to drain onto adjoining private property.
3. 
Off-street parking areas shall be maintained in a clean, orderly and dust-free condition at the expense of the owner or lessee and not used for the sale, repair or dismantling or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials or supplies.
F. 
Parking Lot Lighting.
1. 
For parking lots with ten (10) or more parking spaces, lighting shall be provided for all off-street parking. For parking lots with less than ten (10) spaces, lighting of the parking lot shall be required only if the facility is to be used at night.
2. 
Lighting to be used must provide not less than one-fourth (0.25) foot-candles (horizontal illumination) over the parking lot including the parking spaces and access aisles. A minimum of one-half (0.50) foot-candles must be provided at driveway approaches. An iso-foot-candle diagram will be required to verify proper illumination levels are provided on each site.
3. 
Lighting shall be directed away from surrounding properties and shall be installed to minimize glare.
G. 
Means Of Ingress And Egress.
1. 
For parking facilities permitting two-way traffic, the entrance and exit driveways shall be at least twenty-five (25) feet in width, as measured at the property line.
2. 
For parking facilities accommodating one-way traffic only, the entrance and exit driveways shall be at least fifteen (15) feet in width, as measured at the property line.
H. 
Parking Wells.
1. 
Parallel parking wells located along public streets shall comply with all of the requirements, except for those on maximum length, given for curb cuts and driveways. Parallel parking wells shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in width and twenty-two (22) feet in length. A row of parallel parking wells shall have a minimum ten (10) foot taper at each end. Parallel parking wells shall not be used to satisfy the off-street parking requirements of these regulations. (See Figure 9.) Parallel parking wells are under the authority of the City Engineer or designee.
2. 
Perpendicular and angular parking wells shall not be permitted along public streets. Perpendicular and angular parking wells located along private streets are under the authority of the City Engineer or designee. (See Figure 9.)
Figure 9
Parking Well
(Example only)
I. 
Encroachment And Protective Barriers. Off-street parking spaces and access aisles shall not be located closer than two (2) feet to a street right-of-way. When a parking space or access aisle is located within two (2) to four (4) feet of a street right-of-way line, a barrier shall be placed along the edge of the parking space or access aisle for the purpose of preventing automobile encroachment onto the street right-of-way. The barrier may be a fence, a wall or a vertical concrete curb measuring six (6) inches in height.
J. 
Parking Lot Landscaping.
1. 
General landscaping requirements.
a. 
Landscaped areas shall not be used for any off-street parking and may be penetrated only by drives required to provide access to the commercial lot.
b. 
Trees shall be at least two and one-half (2½) inch caliper deciduous shade trees. Shrubs shall be planted initially eighteen (18) inches tall and maintained to a maximum of three and one-half (3½) feet in height. All species are to be Missouri hardy within the specified microclimate area.
c. 
Where quality woodland exists, existing growth shall be preserved between the right-of-way and the parking lot and on the interior, exclusive of space required for sidewalks.
d. 
With the exception of preserved quality woodland areas left in the natural state, required ground cover may be accomplished with mulch, sod, rock, stones or ground cover plant species.
e. 
All plants are required to receive periodic maintenance to ensure good health and appearance including replacement of diseased or dead species. All other ground cover is to receive periodic maintenance to ensure good appearance.
2. 
Perimeters adjacent to public rights-of-way. When a parking lot is located adjacent to any public right-of-way, except an alley, the following guidelines shall be used to landscape the public right-of-way frontage of the parking lot:
a. 
Provide a fifteen (15) foot landscaped area from the right-of-way line, exclusive of space required for sidewalks, to be planted with shade trees with a minimum of one (1) tree for every fifty (50) feet of frontage or fraction thereof and a minimum of one (1) shrub for every five (5) feet of lot perimeter or fraction thereof. Shade trees are not required to be planted fifty (50) feet on center and shrubs are not required to be planted five (5) feet on center, but may be clustered to provide an enhanced site landscaped appearance.
b. 
In lieu of the provisions in Subsection (J)(2)(a), a two and one-half (2½) foot high earthen berm may be constructed with slopes not to exceed a grade of twenty-five percent (25%) for lawn or turf areas, within a minimum width area of twenty-five (25) feet, exclusive of space required for sidewalks. Berms planted with ground cover and shrubs can be steeper, but shall not exceed a grade of fifty percent (50%). Shade trees are required with a minimum of one (1) tree for every fifty (50) feet of frontage or fraction thereof in all berm design alternatives.
c. 
Exceptions. In the "HDD" (Historic Downtown District) and "CBD" (Central Business District), no landscaping of the perimeter of a parking lot adjacent to any public right-of-way is required.
3. 
Perimeters not adjacent to public rights-of-way. Along the perimeter of the parking lot, other than along a public right-of-way (but including alley frontages), the following guidelines shall apply:
a. 
Provide a minimum of a five (5) foot wide landscaped area around the perimeter of the parking lot planted with shade trees and low growing shrubs.
b. 
Provide a minimum of one (1) shade tree for every fifty (50) feet of lot perimeter or fraction thereof. Shade trees are not required to be planted fifty (50) feet on center.
c. 
Provide a minimum of one (1) shrub for every five (5) feet of lot perimeter or fraction thereof. Shrubs are not required to be planted five (5) feet on center, but may be clustered to provide an enhanced site landscaped appearance.
d. 
Exceptions.
[Ord. No. 18-258, 11-20-2018]
(1) 
In the "HDD" (Historic Downtown District) and "CBD" (Central Business District), no landscaping of the perimeter of a parking lot adjacent to an alley shall be required.
(2) 
For purposes of this Subsection (J)(3), the term "parking lot" shall not include outdoor paved storage areas of industrial areas only. Storage areas shall include, but not be limited to, boat storage, trailer storage, motor vehicle storage, equipment storage.
4. 
Interior landscaping. Parking lots with twenty (20) or more spaces shall also have interior landscaping to the following specifications: For the interior of the parking lot, which excludes required landscape areas along rights-of-way alleys and perimeter areas, five percent (5%) of the area of each parking space shall be calculated to determine the required area for parking lot landscaping. A minimum of one (1) shade tree shall be provided for every fifteen (15) parking spaces or fraction thereof. One (1) or more of the following alternatives shall be used to landscape the parking lot:
a. 
A continuous or interrupted raised landscape strip or island, consisting of shade trees, shrubs and ground cover, with a minimum width of five (5) feet, between rows or parking spaces.
b. 
Raised landscaped islands of no less than one hundred (100) square feet and not more than two hundred (200) square feet, with a minimum width of nine (9) feet, to be located throughout the lot so as to meet the objectives of this Subsection and planted with shade trees, shrubs and ground cover.
c. 
Raised landscaped islands of no less than nine (9) feet in width and twenty (20) feet in length, to be located at the end of or in between rows of parking spaces and to be planted with shade trees, shrubs and ground cover.
5. 
"GPRS" bonus.
All tiers. The total number of required shrubs and trees for parking lot perimeter and interior landscape areas shall be reduced by twenty-five percent (25%).
Additionally rain gardens may be permitted in lieu of perimeter and interior landscaped areas with approval of the Planning and Zoning Commission.
K. 
Curbing. All parking areas shall be curbed with an integral six (6) inches of Portland cement concrete vertical curbing, unless otherwise approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[1]
Editor's Note—Section 405.705 "minimum number of disabled parking spaces for retail establishments" as amended by ord. no. 11-163 moved to section 350.397 of art. V "reserved parking for persons with physical disabilities" at the request of the city attorney. This section has been reserved for the city's future use.
[R.O. 2009 §156.130; CC 1981 §30-111; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998]
A. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be provided for retail stores, warehouses, factories, department stores, hotels, wholesale establishments, truck terminals, cold storage lockers, freezers, hospitals, laundries, dry cleaning firms and other uses similarly involving the receipt or distribution of vehicles, materials, goods or merchandise as required by Section 400.720.
B. 
Loading facilities are to be located on the same lot as the building, structure or portion thereof which they are intended to serve.
C. 
Off-street loading areas shall not be used for the sale, repair, dismantling or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials or supplies.
D. 
Loading operations shall be conducted at the side or rear of buildings for department stores, restaurants, wholesale houses, warehouses, general services, manufacturing or industrial establishments or other similar uses. In the process of loading or unloading, no truck shall extend into any public or private drive or street used for traffic circulation.
[Ord. No. 17-152 § 2, 7-28-2017[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: Ord. No. 17-152 also redesignated former Subsection (D), which immediately follows, as Subsection (E).
E. 
The Traffic Engineer or his/her designee shall approve all off-street loading facilities prior to the issuance of a building permit for such development.
[R.O. 2009 §156.131; CC 1981 §30-112; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998]
A. 
Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, off-street loading spaces shall be provided in all districts as follows:
1. 
Department stores, restaurants, wholesale houses, warehouses, general services, manufacturing or industrial establishments:
Parking Area in Square Feet
Loading Spaces Required
2,000—10,000
One
10,000—20,000
Two
20,000—40,000
Three
40,000—60,000
Four
Each 50,000 over 60,000
One additional
2. 
Retail stores, hotels and motels (with food service), offices or office buildings and hospitals or similar institutions:
Floor Area in Square Feet
Loading Spaces Required
5,000—10,000
One
10,000—100,000
Two
100,000—200,000
Three
Each 1,000,000 over 200,000
One additional
3. 
Funeral homes or mortuaries.
Floor Area in Square Feet
Loading Spaces Required
2,500—4,000
One
4,000—6,000
Two
Each 10,000 over 6,000
One additional
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.
[R.O. 2009 §156.132; CC 1981 §30-113; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998]
A. 
A loading space shall not be counted as an off-street parking space.
B. 
Under the provisions of Sections 400.1060 et seq., the Board of Adjustment may waive or reduce the loading space requirements when the full provision of loading facilities is judged to be unnecessary.
[R.O. 2009 §156.133; CC 1981 §30-115; Ord. No. 77-31, 7-5-1977; Ord. No. 98-209, 5-15-1998]
A. 
Minimum Size. A loading space shall have a minimum area of six hundred (600) square feet, a minimum width of twelve (12) feet, a minimum length of fifty (50) feet and a vertical clearance of at least fifteen (15) feet.
B. 
Drainage And Maintenance.
1. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be designed to drain and eliminate standing water and prevent damage to abutting property and/or public streets and alleys.
2. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be surfaced with erosion-resistant material in accordance with applicable City specifications. Off-street loading areas shall be maintained in a clean, orderly and dust-free condition.
C. 
Minimum Number Of Loading Spaces. A building entrance or exit designed for truck loading and unloading shall be designed to provide at least one (1) off-street loading space.
D. 
Protective Screening. Screening as described in Section 400.700(J) shall be provided where applicable.
[1]
Cross Reference—As to penalty, §400.1890.