Article I Establishment of Combined Systems
Article II Definitions
[Ord. No. 02-14 §§1 — 2, 4-22-2002]
The existing waterworks and the sewerage system of the City, and all future improvements and extensions thereto, are combined and they shall be operated and maintained as a combined waterworks and sewerage system.
[Ord. No. 02-14 §§1 — 2, 4-22-2002]
For the purposes of this Chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this Section:
- The following abbreviations shall have the designated meanings.
Biochemical oxygen demand
Code of Federal Regulations
Code of State Regulations
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Gallons per day
Gallons per minute
Milligrams per liter
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
Publicly owned treatment works
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Standard Industrial Classification
Solid Waste Disposal Act, 42 U.S.C., 6901 et seq.
Total Suspended Solids (total non-filterable residue)
United States Code
- ACCURACY (AS IT PERTAINS TO METERS)
- The registered flow being within tolerances expected of the meter when compared to the actual flow.
- ACT OR "THE ACT"
- The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also known as the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.
- A backflow prevention assembly consisting of a physical separation between the free flowing discharge end of a public water system pipeline and an open or non-pressurized receiving vessel.
- APPROVAL AUTHORITY
- The Missouri Department of Natural Resources; otherwise, the Regional Administrator of the U.S. EPA Region VII or his/her designee.
- AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE USER
- 1. If the user is a corporation:
- a. The President, Secretary, Treasurer or a Vice President of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision-making functions for the corporation; or
- b. The manager of one (1) or more manufacturing, production or operation facilities employing more than two hundred fifty (250) persons or having gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding twenty-five million dollars ($25,000,000.00), if authority to sign documents has been assigned or delegated to the manager in accordance with corporate procedures.
- 2. If the user is a partnership or sole proprietorship: general partner or proprietor, respectively.
- 3. If the user is a Federal, State or local governmental facility: a director or highest official appointed or designated to oversee the operation and performance of the activities of the government facility or their designee.
- 4. The individuals described in Subparagraphs (1) through (3), above, may designate another authorized representative if the authorization is in writing, the authorization specifies the individual or position responsible for the overall operation of the facility from which the discharge originates or having overall responsibility for environmental matters for the company, and the written authorization is submitted to the City of Republic, Missouri.
- AVAILABILITY OF SEWERS
- Sanitary sewer shall be considered available when the property line is abutting any street, alley, easement or right-of-way to which a public sanitary sewer is located and extended to a point equal or past the property line. An owner or occupant of property shall have sewers available whenever the property or premises is located in a sewer district established by the ordinance of the City of Republic, or whenever public sewers are available to the property or premises in any jurisdiction with which the City has an interjurisdictional sewage treatment agreement, or the City has notified the owner or occupant of the property pursuant to Section 715.130 of this Chapter.
- The undesirable reversal of the flow of water or mixtures of water and other liquids, gases or substances into the public water system from any source(s).
- BACKFLOW HAZARD
- Any facility which, because of the nature and extent of activities on the premises or the materials used in connection with the activities or stored on the premises, would present an actual or potential health hazard to customers of the public water system or would threaten to degrade the water quality of the public water system should backflow occur.
- BACKFLOW PREVENTION DEVICE
- An assembly designed to prevent the reverse flow of water or other substances from a customer facility back into the public water distribution system.
- BACKWATER VALVE
- A device or valve installed on the building drain or building sewer where a sewer is subject to backflow and which prevents drainage or waste from backing into a low level or fixtures and causing a backflow or flooding situation.
- BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD5)
- The quantity of dissolved oxygen required for the biochemical degradation of organic material (Carbonaceous Demand) and the oxygen used to oxidize inorganic material such as sulfides and ferrous iron. It may also be the quantity of dissolved oxygen used to oxidize reduced forms of nitrogen (Nitrogenous Demand) unless an inhibitor prevents their oxidation. Such BOD5 shall be determined as described under the heading "Oxygen Demand (Biochemical)" in the Standard Methods of the Examination of Water and Wastewater (latest edition) as published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Environment Federation.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- The part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys the drainage to the building sewer, and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The part of the drainage system which extends from the building drain and conveys wastewater to a POTW, private sewer, individual wastewater treatment system, or other point of discharge.
- BUILDING SUB-DRAIN
- The portion of a drainage system that does not drain by gravity into the building sewer. The sewage is usually transported into the building drain or building sewer by mechanical means.
- The City of Republic, Missouri, a municipal corporation, the City Council thereof, or one (1) or more of the officers, agents and servants of such City.
- CITY ENGINEER
- The City Engineer, engineer for the City of Republic or an authorized member of his/her staff.
- CITY SERVICE LINE
- The portion of pipe between the water main and the inlet of the meter setter. In cases where there is no in-ground meter, the City service line is the portion of pipe between the main and the customer's property line or if the main is on the customer's property, the service line is customer owned.
- The vertical portion of the building sewer that extends above ground level for the purpose of access to the building sewer for maintenance purposes.
- Any business for pay or profit within the City limits of Republic which has been licensed to do business.
- COMMERCIAL USER
- A customer of the water or POTW systems, which is in the business of providing private or public services. This includes, but is not limited to, locations of food preparation, retail/wholesale establishments, laundromats and laundry services, car washes, multi-family dwellings, schools and churches.
- COMMERCIAL WASTE
- Any waste borne or liquid waste from a commercial user.
- COMPATIBLE POLLUTANT
- Biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, pH and fecal coliform bacteria; plus any additional pollutants identified in the POTW's NPDES permit, which the POTW is designed to treat.
- COMPOSITE SAMPLE
- The sample resulting from the combination of individual sanitary sewer samples taken at selected intervals based on an increment of either flow or time.
- COOLING WATER
- 1. Contaminated. Water used for cooling purposes only which may become contaminated either through the use of water treatment chemicals used for corrosion inhibitors or biocides, or by direct contact with process materials and/or wastewater.
- 2. Uncontaminated. Water used for cooling purposes only which has no direct contact with any raw material, intermediate, or final product and which does not contain a level of contaminants detectable higher than that of the intake water.
- The Public Works Director of the City of Republic, Missouri, or his/her authorized representative.
- DOMESTIC WASTE
- The waterborne wastes derived from ordinary household living processes including, but not limited to, waters from water closets, urinals, lavatories, sinks, bathtubs, showers, household laundries, household garbage grinders and drinking fountains.
- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)
- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or where appropriate the term may also be used as a designation for the Administrator of the EPA or that person's designee. The EPA is responsible for the environmental quality for the United States of America.
- EXISTING SOURCE
- Any source of discharge, the construction or operation of which commenced prior to the publication by EPA of proposed categorical pretreatment standards, which will be applicable to such source if the standard is thereafter promulgated in accordance with Section 307 of the Act.
- FUNDAMENTALLY DIFFERENT FACTORS
- Factors relating to a user which are different from those factors considered during development of a categorical pretreatment standard or requirements as defined in 40 CFR 403.13.
- The solid animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the domestic or commercial handling, storage, dispensing, preparation, cooking and serving of foods.
- GRAB SAMPLE
- A sample which is taken from a waste stream without regard to the flow in the waste stream and over a period of time not to exceed fifteen (15) minutes.
- GREASE INTERCEPTOR
- An interceptor whose rated flow exceeds fifty (50) gpm and is located outside the building.
- GREASE TRAP
- An interceptor whose rated flow is fifty (50) gpm or less.
- HOLDING TANK
- An approved watertight receptacle for collecting and holding sewage.
- HOLDING TANK WASTE
- The waterborne wastes from holding tanks such as vessels, chemical toilets, recreational vehicles, septic tanks, vacuum-pump vehicles, aircraft or buses.
- INDUSTRIAL USER
- Any non-residential user identified in Division A, B, D, E or I of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual or any user which discharges wastewater containing toxic or poisonous substances or any substance(s) which cause(s) interference or pass through in the POTW.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- Any waterborne or liquid waste from an industrial user, other than domestic waste and commercial waste.
- The basic structure or framework that must be in place for the proper function of the overall structure. This may include, but is not limited to, transportation systems, distribution systems, collection systems, communication systems, etc.
- INSTANTANEOUS MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE DISCHARGE LIMIT
- The maximum concentration of a pollutant allowed to be discharged at any time, determined from the analysis of any discrete or composite sample collected, independent of the industrial flow rate and the duration of the sampling event.
- A discharge which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources:
- 1. Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment processes or operations or its sludge processes, use or disposal;
- 2. Therefore is a cause of violation of the POTW's NPDES permit or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with any of the following statutory/regulatory provisions or permits issued thereunder (or more stringent State or local regulations): Section 405 of the Clean Water Act; the Solid Waste Disposal Act (SWDA), including Title II commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); any State regulations contained in any State sludge management plan and prepared pursuant to Subtitle D of the SWDA, the Clean Air Act; the Toxic Substances Control Act; and the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries ACT.
- A device designed and installed to separate and retain for removal, automatic or manual means, deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal waste, while permitting normal sewage or waste to discharge into the drainage system by gravity.
- Any piping owned and maintained by the City for purposes of water distribution.
- An opening in a sewer provided for the purpose of permitting operators or equipment to enter or leave the sanitary sewer.
- Defined as optional.
- MEDICAL WASTE
- Isolation wastes, infectious agents, human blood and blood by-products, pathological wastes, sharps, body parts, contaminated bedding, surgical wastes, rubber gloves, face masks, potentially contaminated laboratory wastes and dialysis wastes.
- A device used to measure and record the quantity of water that has passed through it.
- The use or application of a meter.
- METER SETTER
- A device that allows a meter to be installed in a water line and includes a shut-off valve.
- MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (MoDNR)
- The Missouri Department of Natural Resources or where appropriate the term may also be used as designation for the Director of the MoDNR or that person's designee. The MoDNR is responsible for regulating environmental quality for the State of Missouri.
- NATIONAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARD OR PRETREATMENT STANDARD
- Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with 307(b) and (c) of the Act, which applies to industrial users. This term includes prohibitive discharge limits established pursuant to Section 403.5 of the Act, categorical pretreatment standards, restricted discharges and local limits.
- NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (NPDES PERMIT)
- A permit issued pursuant to Section 402 of the Act.
- 1. Any building, structure, facility or installation from which there is (or may be) a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed pretreatment standards under Section 307(c) of the Act which will be applicable to such source if such standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with that Section provided that:
- a. The building, structure, facility or installation is constructed at a site at which no other source is located; or
- b. The building, structure, facility or installation totally replaces the process or production equipment that causes the discharge of pollutants at an existing source; or
- c. The production or wastewater generating processes of the building, structure, facility or installation are substantially independent of an existing source at the same site. In determining whether these are substantially independent, factors such as the extent to which the new facility is integrated with the existing plant, and the extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of activity as the existing source, should be considered.
- 2. Construction on a site at which an existing source is located results in a modification rather than a new source if the construction does not create a new building, structure, facility or installation meeting the criteria of Subsection (1)(a) or (c) above but otherwise alters, replaces or adds to existing process or production equipment.
- 3. Construction of a new source as defined under this paragraph has commenced if the owner or operator has:Begun, or caused to begin, as part of a continuous on-site construction program.(1)Any placement, assembly or installation of facilities or equipment; or(2)Significant site preparation work including clearing, excavation, or removal of existing buildings, structures or facilities which is necessary for the placement, assembly or installation of new source facilities or equipment; or(3)Entering into a binding contractual obligation for the purchase of facilities or equipment which are intended to be used in its operation within a reasonable time. Options to purchase or contracts which can be terminated or modified without substantial loss, and contracts for feasibility, engineering, and design studies do not constitute a contractual obligation under this paragraph.
- NON-POTABLE WATER
- Water not safe for drinking or personal or culinary utilization.
- NON-RESIDENTIAL USER
- All premises, other than residential as herein defined, used for other than or in combination with human residency and which is connected, or has availability, to the POTW.
- ON-SITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM
- See Private Wastewater Treatment System.
- PASS THROUGH
- A discharge which exits the POTW into the waters of the State in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, is a cause of or significantly contributes to a violation of any requirement of the POTW's NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude of a violation). An industrial user significantly contributes to such permit violation where it:
- 1. Discharges a pollutant loading in excess of that allowed by permit with the POTW or by Federal, State or local laws.
- 2. Discharges wastewater which substantially differs in nature and constituents from the user's average discharge;
- 3. Knows or has reason to know that its discharge, alone or in conjunction with discharges from other sources, would result in an NPDES permit violation; or
- 4. Knows or has reason to know that the POTW is, for any reason, violating its final effluent imitations in its NPDES permit and that such industrial user's discharge, either alone or in conjunction with discharges from other sources, increases the magnitude or duration of the POTW's NPDES violation.
- Any individual, partnership, co-partnership, firm, company, corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estate, governmental entity or any other legal entity, or their legal representatives, agents or assigns. The masculine gender shall include the feminine, the singular shall include the plural where indicated by the context.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration expressed as grams per liter of solution as determined by standard methods.
- Anything discharged into the POTW which causes any alteration of chemical, physical, biological or radiological integrity of water including, but not limited to, dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, filter backwash, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, medical wastes, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, municipal, agricultural and industrial wastes, and certain characteristics of wastewater (e.g., pH, temperature, TSS, turbidity, color, BOD, COD, toxicity or odor).
- POTABLE WATER
- Water that does not contain objectionable pollution, contamination, minerals or infective agents and is considered satisfactory for drinking.
- Any tract of land, consisting of one (1) or more lots, under single or multiple ownership, which operates as a functional unit. When developed, a premise shall also possess one (1) or more of the following criteria:
- The reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater prior to, or in lieu of, discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into a POTW. The reduction or alteration may be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes; by process changes; or by other means, except by diluting the concentration of the pollutants unless allowed by an applicable pretreatment standard. Appropriate pretreatment technology includes control equipment, such as equalization tanks or facilities, for protection against surges or slug loadings that might interfere with or otherwise be incompatible with the POTW. However, where wastewater from a regulated process is mixed in an equalization facility with unregulated wastewater or with wastewater from another regulated process, the effluent from the equalization facility must meet an adjusted pretreatment limit calculated in accordance with 40 CFR, Section 403.6(e).
- PRETREATMENT REQUIREMENTS
- Any substantive or procedural requirement related to pretreatment imposed on a user, other than a pretreatment standard.
- PRIVATE WELL
- Any well owned by any person for their private use.
- PRIVATE WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
- A wastewater treatment and disposal system serving a structure(s) with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure(s) which it is to serve. This term also means an alternative sewage disposal system, including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, holding tank, a system serving more than one (1) structure(s) or a system located on a different parcel than the structure(s). A private sewage wastewater treatment system is permitted to be owned by the property owner or a special-purpose district.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- Garbage that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in the POTW with no particle greater than one-half (½) inch in any dimension.
- PROPER NOTIFICATION
- In order of preference as follows: Notification in writing to the appropriate City office, notification in person to City personnel authorized to receive such notification, or verbal notification to City personnel authorized to receive such notification.
- PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS (POTW)
- A treatment works as defined by Section 212 of the Act, which is owned by the City of Republic. This definition includes the sanitary sewers of the City of Republic and any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature. It also includes sewers, pipes and other conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW treatment plant. "POTW" shall also include any sewers that convey wastewaters to the POTW from persons outside the City limits of Republic who are by contract or agreement with the City of Republic users of a City of Republic POTW. The term "wastewater system" can be substituted.
- POTW TREATMENT PLANT
- That portion of a POTW which is designed to provide treatment of municipal sewage and industrial waste.
- Includes books, documents, papers, apparatus, data, reading, sampling records, analysis results, plans, graphs and other information pertinent.
- RESIDENTIAL USER
- A single- or two-family dwelling unit used only for human residence and which is connected, or has availability, to the POTW.
- SANITARY SEWAGE
- The industrial waste, commercial or domestic waste from any source, which is contributed into or permitted to enter the POTW. The word "wastewater" often refers to the same.
- SANITARY SEWAGE MAIN
- A sewer which carries sanitary sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
- SANITARY SEWAGE DEPARTMENT
- A division of the City responsible for the maintenance and operation of the POTW. For the purposes of this Chapter, this definition includes any City employee(s) authorized to perform water and sanitary sewer system(s) related tasks including meter reading or billing. May also be called the Wastewater Department.
- SEPTIC TANK
- A tank that receives and partially treats sewage through processes of sedimentation, floatation, and bacterial action so as to separate solids from the liquid in the sewage and which discharges the liquid to a soil absorption system.
- SERVICE LATERAL OR SERVICE LINE
- See "Building Sewer."
- SEWAGE TANK
- A watertight tank used in the treatment of sewage which includes, but is not limited to, septic tanks and aeration units.
- Is defined as mandatory.
- SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER (SIU)
- 1. A user subject to categorical pretreatment standards; or
- 2. A user that:
- a. Discharges an average of twenty-five thousand (25,000) gpd or more of process wastewater to the POTW (excluding sanitary, non-contact cooling, and boiler blow-down wastewater);
- b. Contributes a process waste stream which makes up five percent (5%) or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic capacity of the POTW treatment plant; or
- c. Is designated as such by the POTW on the basis that it has a reasonable potential for adversely affecting the POTW's operation or for violating any pretreatment standard or requirement.
- 3. Upon a finding that a user meeting the criteria in Subsection (2) has no reasonable potential for adversely affecting the POTW's operation or for violating any pretreatment standards or requirements, the POTW may at any time, on its own initiative or in response to a petition received from a user, and in accordance with procedures in 40 CFR 403.8(f)(6), determine that such user should not be considered a significant industrial user.
- SLUG DISCHARGE
- Any discharge which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow may cause or may significantly contribute to cause interference with the operation and performance of the POTW or may cause or may significantly contribute to cause pass through of pollutants through the POTW into waters of the State in sufficient quantities or concentrations to cause or significantly contribute to cause a violation of the POTW's NPDES permit.
- STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC)
- A classification pursuant to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual issued by the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, latest edition.
- The State of Missouri.
- STORM DRAIN OR STORM SEWER
- A pipe or conduit which carries storm water, surface water, drainage and cooling water, and to which wastewater is not intentionally admitted.
- STORM WATER
- Any flow occurring during or following any form of natural precipitation and resulting therefrom.
- A tank or pit that receives sewage or liquid waste located below the normal grade or the gravity system and that must be emptied by mechanical means.
- SUMP PUMP
- An automatic water pump powered by an electric motor for the removal of water drainage except sewage from a sum, pit or low point. A connection of sump pump to the City's sanitary sewer system is not permissible.
- The Wastewater or Water Superintendent (department head) of the City or his/her authorized representative.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- The dry weights of matter physically suspended in a flow of water or wastewater, as determined by the method of determining total non-filterable residue dried at one hundred three degrees (103°) to one hundred five degrees (105°) described under the heading "Residue" in the Standard Methods of the Examination of Water and Wastewater (latest edition) as published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association, and the Water Environment Federation and expressed in milligrams per liter by weight.
- TOXIC POLLUTANTS
- Any pollutant or combination of pollutants listed as toxic in regulations promulgated by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under the provision of Section 307(a) of the Act or other Acts.
- The owner or occupant of property or premises that is connected directly or indirectly or has available to the property or premises the facilities of the POTW.
- The water and/or sanitary sewer services of the City of Republic.
- See "Sanitary Sewage."
- WASTEWATER DEPARTMENT
- See "Sanitary Sewer Department."
- WATER DEPARTMENT
- A division of the City responsible for the maintenance and operation of the water system. For the purposes of this Chapter, this definition includes any City employee(s) authorized to perform water system related tasks including meter reading or billing.
- WATER HAULING
- The vehicular transportation of water.
- WATERS OF THE STATE
- All rivers, streams, lakes and other bodies of surface and subsurface water lying within or forming a part of the boundaries of the State which are not entirely confined and located completely upon lands owned, leased or otherwise controlled by a single person or by two (2) or more persons jointly or as tenants in common and includes waters of the United States lying within the State.
- WATER SYSTEM
- Any part of infrastructure related to water pumping, treatment, storage, distribution, fire protection, backflow prevention, and metering.