A person commits the offense of peace disturbance if:
He/she unreasonably and knowingly disturbs or alarms another person or persons by:
Offensive language addressed in a face-to-face manner to a specific individual and uttered under circumstances which are likely to produce an immediate violent response from a reasonable recipient;
Threatening to commit a felonious act against any person under circumstances which are likely to cause a reasonable person to fear that such threat may be carried out;
Creating a noxious and offensive odor.
For the purposes of Sections 210.210 and 210.215, the following words shall have the meanings set out herein:
- PRIVATE PROPERTY
- Any place which at the time is not open to the public. It includes property which is owned publicly or privately.
- PROPERTY OF ANOTHER
- Any property in which the actor does not have a possessory interest.
- PUBLIC PLACE
- Any place which at the time is open to the public. It includes property which is owned publicly or privately.
If a building or structure is divided into separately occupied units, such units are separate premises.
Editor's Note — Ord. no. 3627 §1, adopted July 23, 2009, repealed section 210.222 "unlawful protests at funeral and other services" in its entirety.
A person commits the offense of unlawful assembly if he/she knowingly assembles with six (6) or more other persons and agrees with such persons to violate any of the criminal laws of this State or of the United States with force or violence.
A person commits the offense of rioting if he/she knowingly assembles with six (6) or more other persons and agrees with such persons to violate any of the criminal laws of this State or of the United States with force or violence and thereafter, while still so assembled, does violate any of said laws with force or violence.
Note — Under certain circumstances this offense can be a felony under state law.
[Ord. No. 3876 §1, 8-8-2013]
Definitions. As used in this Article, the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
- INCITE A RIOT
- Urging or instigating other persons to riot, but shall not be deemed to mean the mere oral or written:
- PUBLIC PLACE
- Any place to which the general public has access and a right to resort for business, entertainment or other lawful purpose, but does not necessarily mean a place devoted solely to the uses of the public. It shall include the front or immediate area of any store, shop, restaurant, tavern, or other place of business and also public grounds, areas or parks.
- A public disturbance involving:
- 1. An act or acts of violence by one (1) or more persons part of an assemblage of three (3) or more persons, which act or acts shall constitute a clear and present danger of, or shall result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual; or
- 2. A threat or threats of the commission of an act or acts of violence by one (1) or more persons part of an assemblage of three (3) or more persons having, individually or collectively, the ability of immediate execution of such threat or threats where the performance of the threatened act or acts of violence would constitute a clear and present danger of, or would result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual.
Disorderly Conduct Prohibited. A person shall be guilty of disorderly conduct if, with the purpose of causing public danger, alarm, disorder, nuisance, or his/her conduct is likely to cause public danger, alarm, disorder or nuisance, he/she willfully does any of the following acts in a public place:
Commits an act in a violent or tumultuous manner toward another whereby that other is placed in danger of his/her life, injury to his/her limb or health;
Commits an act in a violent and tumultuous manner toward another whereby the property of any person is placed in danger of being destroyed or damaged;
Causes, provokes or engages in any fight, brawl or riotous conduct so as to endanger that life, limb, health or property of another;
Interferes with another's pursuit of a lawful occupation by acts of violence;
Obstructs, either singly or together with other persons, the flow of vehicular or pedestrian traffic and refuses to clear such public way when ordered to do so by the City Police or other lawful authority known to be such;
Is in a public place under the influence of an intoxicating liquor or drug in such condition as to be unable to exercise care for his/her own safety or the safety of others;
Resists or obstructs the performance of duties by City Police or any other authorized official of the City when known to be such an official;
Incites, attempts to incite, or is involved in attempting to incite a riot;
Addresses abusive language or threats to any member of the Police Department, any other authorized official of the City who is engaged in lawful performance of his/her duties, or any other person when such words have a tendency to cause acts of violence. Words merely causing displeasure, annoyance or resentment are not prohibited;
Damages, befouls or disturbs public property or the property of another so as to create a hazardous, unhealthy or physically offensive condition;
Makes or causes to be made any loud, boisterous and unreasonable noise or disturbance to the annoyance of any other persons nearby or near to any public highway, road, street, lane, alley, park, square or common whereby the public peace is broken or disturbed or the traveling public annoyed;
Fails to obey a lawful order to disperse by a Police Officer when known to be such an official where one (1) or more persons are committing acts of disorderly conduct in the immediate vicinity, and the public health and safety is imminently threatened;
Uses abusive or obscene language or makes an obscene gesture.
To urinate or defecate on a public street, alley, or any other property, public or private, open to or visible to the public.
A person commits the offense of refusal to disperse if, being present at the scene of an unlawful assembly or at the scene of a riot, he/she knowingly fails or refuses to obey the lawful command of a Law Enforcement Officer to depart from the scene of such unlawful assembly or riot.
Definition. The following term shall be defined as follows:
- PUBLIC PLACE
- Any place to which the general public has access and a right of resort for business, entertainment or other lawful purpose, but does not necessarily mean a place devoted solely to the uses of the public. It shall also include the front or immediate area of any store, shop, restaurant, tavern or other place of business and also public grounds, areas or parks.
It shall be unlawful for any person to stand or remain idle either alone or in consort with others in a public place in such manner so as to:
Obstruct any public street, public highway, public sidewalk or any other public place or building by hindering or impeding or tending to hinder or impede the free and uninterrupted passage of vehicles, traffic or pedestrians;
Commit in or upon any public street, public highway, public sidewalk or any other public place or building any act or thing which is an obstruction or interference to the free and uninterrupted use of property or with any business lawfully conducted by anyone in or upon or facing or fronting on any such public street, public highway, public sidewalk or any other public place or building, all of which prevents the free and uninterrupted ingress, egress and regress therein, thereon and thereto;
Obstruct the entrance to any business establishment, without so doing for some lawful purpose, if contrary to the expressed wish of the owner, lessee, managing agent or person in control or charge of the building or premises.
When any person causes or commits any of the conditions in this Section, a Police Officer or any Law Enforcement Officer shall order that person to stop causing or committing such conditions and to move on or disperse. Any person who fails or refuses to obey such orders shall be guilty of a violation of this Section.
It shall be an ordinance violation for two (2) or more persons, voluntarily or by agreement in any public place within the City to engage in any fight or to use any blows or violence or mischief toward each other in any angry or quarrelsome manner.