City of Coldwater, MI
Branch County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
This Zone District is designed primarily for apartments, dwelling groups, and one and two-family residences.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
Within this District no land, building or structure shall be erected, altered or used unless for one or more of the following specified uses or as otherwise provided in this Zoning Code:
(a) 
Single and two-family homes, subject to Section 1299.13.
(b) 
Multifamily dwellings.
(c) 
Accessory buildings and structures as regulated in Section 1299.14.
(d) 
Existing railroad rights-of-way, excluding switching, storage and freight yards and sidings.
(e) 
Essential services, subject to the provisions of Section 1299.08.
(f) 
Adult foster care family home, six or fewer adults and family child care home, six or fewer children.
(g) 
Agricultural crops conducted in accordance with State of Michigan's GAMPs (generally accepted management practices).
[Added 7-31-2015 by Ord. No. 786]
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
The following uses may be permitted, but are subject to the provisions of this section and the provisions of Chapter 1295 (Special Land Uses).
(a) 
Public, parochial and private schools, where located at least 50 feet from any other lot or property line.
(b) 
Public libraries, public museums, public art galleries, Municipal, County, State or Federal administrative buildings, public parks, public playgrounds, community centers and fairgrounds operated by public agencies, provided that all buildings shall be located at least 20 feet from any other lot or property line.
(c) 
Home occupations, subject to the provisions of Section 1299.15.
(d) 
Institutional offices, funeral homes/mortuaries and nonprofit clubs, without liquor licenses and provided the principal building is at least 30 feet from adjacent property lines.
(e) 
Rooming or boarding houses, or other transient housing. For each roomer, boarder or student:
(1) 
A floor area, exclusive of basement or attic space, of 200 square feet shall be provided.
(2) 
A lot area of 1,200 square feet shall be provided.
(3) 
One off-street parking space shall be provided for each three such persons.
(f) 
Adult and child foster care group home, more than seven individuals, but less than 13, subject to Section 1295.05(d).
(g) 
Parking lots on parcels directly adjacent to property zoned for commercial or industrial use, subject to Chapter 1296.
(h) 
Bed and breakfast operations, which may be permitted as a subordinate use to apartment units, subject to City licensing provisions under Chapter 808 of these Codified Ordinances and a determination that the dwelling unit has historic significance. In making the determination, the Planning Commission shall reference the historic criteria developed and adopted by the Commission.
(i) 
Churches, synagogues and other religious assembly structures.
(j) 
Senior housing. Independent living, assisted living, nursing homes, dementia units, and skilled nursing facilities shall not to exceed four stories, or 45 feet, in height. For each resident:
(1) 
A floor area, exclusive of attic or basement space, of 200 square feet shall be provided.
(2) 
A lot area of 1,500 square feet shall be provided.
(3) 
A maximum of two off-street parking spaces are recommended to be provided for each dwelling unit.
(k) 
Hospitals and institutions of a charitable or philanthropic nature, provided that the buildings shall not cover more than 30% of the lot area or be closer than 50 feet to the lot line or property line.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
The following height and area regulations shall apply, except that one and two-family dwelling and rooming houses must meet the height and area requirements of the A-2 District, and except that no lot with an average width of less than 66 feet may be utilized for more than single-family use.
(a) 
Height. No building shall exceed four stories or 45 feet in height.
(b) 
Front yard. There shall be a front yard of not less than 25 feet from the street line, except that when a principal structure exceeds 25 feet in height, it shall be set back a distance equal to the overall height of the building.
(c) 
Side yards. There shall be two side yards, each of which shall be at least 20 feet in width, except that when a principal structure exceeds 25 feet in height, it shall be set back a distance equal to the overall height of the building.
(d) 
Rear yard. There shall be a rear yard of at least 25 feet, except that when a principal structure exceeds 25 feet in height, it shall be set back a distance equal to the overall height of the building.
(e) 
Lot area. All new multiple dwelling buildings hereafter erected to house three or more families shall have a lot area of at least 3,000 square feet for each dwelling unit for buildings of two stories or less and at least 2,000 square feet for each dwelling unit for buildings of three or four stories. For the class of buildings designed and used primarily for non-transient persons 62 or more years of age, and/or for a family consisting of a husband and wife either of whom is 62 or more years of age, a lot area of not less than 1,000 square feet for each dwelling unit shall be provided.
The area of the lot to be developed with dwelling buildings, accessory buildings, paved areas, paved walks and patios shall not exceed 70% of the lot area.
(f) 
Building separation. Where more than one multiple dwelling or apartment house is constructed on a single lot or parcel of land, each such building shall have the same front, side and rear yards as would be required were each such building constructed upon a separate lot or parcel, measured, however, horizontally at right angles from the front, rear and sides of the building.
For the purpose of this division, the owner may designate the front, rear and sides of each building, provided, however, that the front and rear yards shall be adjacent to the longest dimension of the building.
Area included within the required yards for the entire lot or parcel may also be included as part of the yards required by this division, but no area may be used to fulfill yard requirements for more than one building.
(g) 
Street fronting. Every building in a multiple dwelling complex shall front on either a street or permanent public open space, common yard or outer court at least 50 feet wide, and every multiple dwelling structure shall be within 500 feet of a public street.
(h) 
Building length. No single multiple dwelling structure or combination of attached structures shall exceed its width by more than six times.
(i) 
Lot width. The minimum lot width shall be 55 feet, as measured at the front yard setback line, except that no lot with an average width of less than 66 feet may be used for more than single family use.
(j) 
Conversions of existing buildings. Conversions of existing buildings into additional residential units are not permitted on lots less than 55 feet wide or with an area of less than 6,000 square feet. The maximum ratio for converted units shall be one dwelling unit for each 3,000 square feet of lot area to a total of not more than two units. For the purpose of this section, all lot area shall be measured within 110 feet of the front street line.
For an overview of all districts and their regulations see the Schedule of Regulations in Appendix A.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included as an attachment to Chapter 1266, Districts Generally and Zoning Map.