City of Coldwater, MI
Branch County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
There shall be provided in all districts, at the time of the erection or enlargement of any main building or structure, automobile off-street parking space with adequate access to all spaces. The number of off-street parking spaces, in conjunction with all land or building uses, shall be provided prior to the issuance of a Zoning Compliance letter, as hereinafter prescribed.
(a) 
Off-street parking for other than residential use shall be either on the same lot or within 300 feet of the building it is intended to serve, measured from the nearest point of the building to the nearest point of the off-street parking lot provided properties are located in the same zoning district. Ownership shall be shown of all lots and parcels intended for use as parking by the applicant.
(b) 
Required residential off-street parking spaces shall consist of a parking strip, parking bay, driveway and garage, or any combination thereof, and shall be located on the premises they are intended to serve.
(c) 
Minimum required off-street parking spaces shall not be replaced by any other use unless and/or until equal parking facilities are provided elsewhere.
(d) 
Off-street parking existing on the effective date of this Zoning Code, in connection with the operation of an existing building or use shall not be reduced to an amount less than hereinafter required for a similar new building or new use.
(e) 
Two or more buildings or uses may collectively provide the required off-street parking, in which case the required number of parking spaces shall not be less than the sum of the requirements for the several individual uses computed separately, except in the case of a planned commercial center containing a number of uses in one or more buildings, in which case the parking requirements for such use shall apply.
(f) 
In the instance of a dual function of off-street parking spaces where operating hours of buildings do not overlap, the Zoning Board of Appeals may grant an exception.
(g) 
The storage of merchandise, motor vehicles for sale, trucks or the repair of vehicles is prohibited on commercial/industrial off street parking lots.
(h) 
For those uses not specifically mentioned, the requirements for off-street parking facilities shall be in accord with a use, which the Planning Commission considers is similar in type.
(i) 
When units or measurements determining the number of required parking spaces result in the requirement of a fractional space, any fraction up to and including 1/2 shall be disregarded and fractions over 1/2 shall require one parking space.
(j) 
For the purpose of computing the number of parking spaces required, the definition of "usable floor area" in Chapter 1260 shall govern.
(k) 
The provisions of this section may be met by participation in a Municipal or community parking program designed to serve a larger area, provided plans for such community parking have been approved by the Planning Commission.
(l) 
Where, at the outset of development, a parking demand less than that required for the use by this Zoning Code, can be demonstrated, the full parking area shall be reserved, but the unused area may be placed in landscaping until such time as it may be needed.
(m) 
The establishment and operation of an off-street parking area accessory to a business, industrial or institutional use, in such parts of any Residential District that abut either directly or across the street or alley from a nonresidential zone, shall be permitted when such areas will extend continuously from a nonresidential zone for a distance not to exceed 132 feet. All such parking areas shall meet the requirements provided in Section 1296.03(1).
(n) 
All off-street parking areas shall be subject to the approval of the Zoning Administrator to insure adequacy relative to traffic safety, property protection and the requirements of this Zoning Code.
(o) 
Residential driveway areas shall not occupy more than 50% of the front yard. For the purpose of applying this standard, the "front yard" shall be all that area extending across the parcel from side to side and from the front property line to the nearest supporting member of the structure. Driveways shall be constructed of six-inch thick concrete or two inches of bituminous concrete (asphalt) placed on six inches of gravel. Such turnabout shall be surfaced with concrete or asphalt, materials not less than six inches in compacted depth.
(p) 
The parking of semi-tractors only is permitted within residential neighborhoods under the same regulations as the parking for noncommercial vehicles. Parking of semi-tractor trailers within residential neighborhoods is absolutely prohibited.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
The minimum number of off-street parking spaces by type of use (minimum parking spaces per unit of measure) shall be determined in accordance with the following schedule:
Use
Minimum Number of Parking Spaces per Unit of Measure
A.
Residential
1.
One-family and two-family
Two for each dwelling unit.
2.
Multiple-family
One for each dwelling unit, plus 1/2 space for each bedroom.
3.
Housing designed specifically for the elderly
One for each two units. Should dwelling units revert to general occupancy, then multiple-family standards shall be met. A minimum of one visitor space shall be required for each six dwelling units. Plus one space per employee.
4.
Dwelling units in the CBD.
One for each dwelling.
5.
Mobile home park/manufactured housing community.
Two for each mobile home and one for each three mobile homes for visitor parking.
B.
Institutional
1.
Auditoriums, assembly halls, gyms, outdoor arenas for institutional uses, stadiums and sports arenas.
One space per each three seats of permitted capacity or one space per six feet of bleachers, whichever is greater.
2.
Churches or places of worship.
One for each three seats or six feet of pews in the main unit of worship.
3.
Elementary, Junior High Schools.
One for each classroom and office, in addition to the requirements of the auditorium or gym or assembly hall.
4.
Group day care home.
Two in addition to the two required for the residence. Such additional spaces may be located in the front or side yard setback.
5.
Homes for the aged, convalescent and retirement homes.
One for each two units. Should dwelling units revert to general occupancy, then multiple-family standards shall be met. A minimum of one visitor space shall be required for each six dwelling units. Plus one space per employee.
6.
Hospitals, including emergency rooms.
Two spaces per each licensed bed; or one space per each two licensed beds, plus one space per each staff doctor and employee during peak shifts, plus one space for each five outpatients on a typical peak outpatient weekday.
7.
Municipal recreation centers.
Five spaces per 1,000 square feet of floor area plus parking required for outdoor courts, fields and facilities, or .33 spaces per person of permitted capacity, whichever is greater.
8.
Nursery Schools, Day Nurseries, or Child Care Centers.
One per 350 square feet of usable floor space.
9.
Private clubs or lodge halls.
One for each three persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by local, county or state fire, building or health codes or 15 spaces per 1,000 square feet of usable floor area, whichever is greater.
10.
Senior High Schools.
Four for each classroom and one for each office, in addition to the requirements of the auditorium or gym or assembly hall.
C.
Business and Commercial
1.
Auto wash (automatic).
Auto washes (automatic): Four per wash lane plus the stacking lane.
2.
Auto wash (self-service or coin operated).
Two for each washing stall in addition to the stall itself plus the stacking lane.
3.
Automobile service stations.
Two for each service bay and one for each gasoline pump in addition to the requirements of a car wash and convenience store listed in this section, if included.
4.
Bars, nightclubs, lounges (majority of sales consist of alcoholic beverages).
One for each two persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by the local Fire Marshal.
5.
Beauty parlor or barbershop.
Three spaces for each of the first two beauty or barber chairs, and 1 1/2 spaces for each addition chair.
6.
Bowling alleys.
Five for each one bowling lane, plus the requirements for accessory facilities such as bars and restaurants.
7.
Building hardware and household equipment when not part of a department store. Otherwise see retail general.
One space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area.
8.
Club warehouses.
One per 175 square feet of usable floor area.
9.
Commercial outdoor recreation centers not specified elsewhere.
To be determined by the Planning Commission in consideration of the expected types of activities, number of participants, spectators, accessory uses and occupants per vehicle.
10.
Convenience store, with or without gasoline service.
One per 250 square feet of usable floor area, plus spaces required for an auto service station activities or gasoline sales.
11.
Custom workshops such as furniture, refinishing or custom designed furniture manufacturing.
One space for each 800 square feet of gross floor area, plus one space for each two employees.
12.
Dance halls, pool or billiard parlors, roller or skating rinks, exhibition halls and assembly halls without fixed seats.
One for each two persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by the local or State Fire Prevention Code.
13.
Discount store.
Five spaces per 1,000 square feet of usable floor area.
14.
Driving range.
One space per two tees plus parking required for any other uses.
15.
Dry cleaners, laundromat.
One for each two washing and dry cleaning machines, plus two stacking spaces for each drive-through lane.
16.
Food stores/grocery stores.
One space per 250 square feet of usable floor area.
17.
Funeral homes and mortuaries.
One space per 50 square feet of service parlors, chapels, and reception areas, plus one space per each funeral vehicle stored on the premises.
20.
General retail sales and service establishments, not elsewhere classified.
One space per 200 square feet of usable floor area.
21.
Golf course, par 3.
Three spaces per each course hole plus parking required for accessory uses such as arcades or batting cages, plus one space for each employee at the peak shift.
22.
Golf courses (public or private) except miniature or par 3 courses.
Four spaces for each golf hole and one space for each employee. Plus any spaces required for banquet rooms, restaurant and other uses.
23.
Hypermarkets (combined grocery and department stores).
One per 175 square feet of usable floor area.
24.
Marinas and waterfront developments.
One space per boat slip and one space per 150 square feet of usable floor area of principal building
25.
Mini-, self-storage warehouses.
Minimum of six spaces.
26.
Motels, hotels, or bed and breakfast inns.
One for each one occupancy unit, plus extra spaces for dining rooms, ballrooms, meeting rooms, etc., as required herein.
27.
Motor vehicle sales and service establishments.
One space per 200 square feet of usable floor space of salesroom and one spaces for each one auto service stall in the service room. The areas devoted to customer service and employee parking shall be clearly delineated on the parking plan and reserved for that purpose. Parking space is exclusive of the requirement for new vehicle storage and display.
28.
Oil change facilities.
A minimum of three spaces for employees, and not less than two for each lubrication stall, rack, pit, or similar service area plus the stacking lane.
29.
Planned commercial or shopping centers in which the prime tenants are a supermarkets and/or department stores
One per 150 square feet of usable floor space.
30.
Racquetball/tennis centers.
One space per 1,000 square feet floor area or six spaces per court, whichever is greater.
31.
Restaurant (including restaurants with or without dancing, lounges, bars and entertainment facilities, which provide only seated table service).
One space per 100 square feet of gross floor area, plus any spaces required for any banquet and meeting rooms.
32.
Restaurant, family (without a bar or lounge area which provides food delivered to tables or dining counters and only incidental carry-out service).
One space per 100 square feet of gross floor area plus any spaces required for any banquet or meeting rooms.
33.
Restaurant, take out, fast food (including drive-through and drive-in, providing quickly or previously prepared foods. The patron typically carries the food out to separate indoor or outdoor seating area).
One space per 100 square feet of gross floor area, plus three stacking spaces per order pick-up station, plus spaces for employees of a peak shift, minimum of three spaces.
34.
Shopping centers.
One per 175 square feet of usable floor area, plus spaces restaurant, if included.
35.
Swimming pools.
One space per each three persons of capacity authorized by the Building Code.
36.
Theaters, cinemas, or auditoriums.
One space for each three seats or six feet of benches.
37.
Video arcades.
One space per 50 square feet of usable floor area, with a minimum of six spaces required.
38.
Video rental establishments.
Fifteen spaces per 1,000 square feet of usable floor area with a minimum of six spaces provided.
D.
Office
1.
Branch banks, credit unions or savings and loans.
One space per each 200 square feet of usable floor area plus two spaces per each twenty-four-hour teller, plus two stacking spaces for each drive-up teller.
2.
Business and professional.
One space per 200 square feet of usable floor space.
3.
Medical clinics: outpatient care centers, emergency care/ twenty-four-hour med stations, etc.
Two spaces per exam or outpatient procedure/operating room, plus one for laboratory or recovery room, plus one space for each two rooms for employee parking.
4.
Medical/dental offices.
One space per 150 square feet of usable floor area.
E.
Industrial
1.
Light industrial, manufacturing, testing labs, research and development centers.
One per 200 square feet of usable floor area, plus one for each company vehicle stored on the premises.
2.
Wholesale/warehouse establishments (non-retail warehouse).
One per 2,000 square feet of usable floor space.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
Whenever the off-street parking requirements in Section 1296.01 require the building of an off-street parking facility, such off-street parking lots shall be laid out, constructed and maintained in accordance with the following standards and regulations:
(a) 
No new parking lot shall be constructed unless and until the Zoning Administrator issues a Zoning Compliance letter. Applications for approval, except for single-family, and two-family, layouts shall be submitted to the Planning Commission for its review and recommendation prior to the issuance of a Zoning Compliance letter for the parking.
Copies of the site plan for the development and construction of the parking lot shall be submitted, showing that the provisions of this section will be fully complied with.
(b) 
Plans for the layout of off-street parking facilities shall be in accord with the following requirements:
Parking Pattern
(degrees)
Maneuvering Land Width
(feet)
Parking Space Width
(feet)
Parking Space Length
(feet)
Width of One Tier of Spaces, Plus Maneuvering Lane
(feet)
Width of Two Tiers of Space Plus Maneuvering Lane
(feet)
0 (parallel)
12
8
23
20
28
45
15
9
20
35
55
60
18
9
20
38
58
90
22
9
20
42
62
(c) 
All spaces shall be provided adequate access by means of maneuvering lanes. Backing directly onto a street shall be prohibited.
(d) 
Adequate ingress and egress to the parking lot by means of clearly limited and defined drives shall be provided for all vehicles.
(e) 
All maneuvering lane widths shall permit one-way traffic movement, except that the 90° pattern may permit two-way movement.
(f) 
Each entrance and exit to and from any off-street parking lot located in an area zoned for other than single-family residential use shall be at least 24 feet distant from adjacent property located in any single-family Residential District, and from any street corner.
(g) 
All parking areas shall be landscaped and/or screened as outlined in Chapter 1297.
(h) 
The entire parking area, including parking spaces and maneuvering lanes, required under this section, shall be provided with asphaltic or concrete surfacing in accordance with specifications approved by the City Engineer. The parking area shall be surfaced within eight months of the date the occupancy permit is issued.
(i) 
Off-street parking areas shall be drained so as to dispose of all surface water accumulated in the parking area in such a way as to preclude drainage of water onto adjacent property or toward buildings. All plans for surface water drainage shall be reviewed and approved by the City Engineer.
(j) 
All lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking area shall be so installed as to be confined within and directed onto the parking area only.
(k) 
In all cases where a wall extends to an alley which is a means of ingress and egress to an off-street parking area, it shall be permissible to end the wall not more than 10 feet from such alley line in order to permit a wider means of access to the parking area.
(l) 
Required greenbelts/screening for commercial/industrial/multi-family residential projects.
(1) 
Along the right-of-way lines of any street, road or highway, a front yard greenbelt of at least 10 feet in width shall be provided. Each parcel is required to have a side and rear greenbelt no less than four feet in width.
(2) 
Off-street parking areas shall be effectively screened on any side which adjoins or faces premises situated in any Residential District or institutional premises by an opaque screening of evergreen hedge or other natural landscaping which is opaque in nature; provided, however, that if owners of adjacent residential properties request, in writing, screening shall be done by means of a solid uniformly constructed fence of architectural masonry wall, not less than four or more than six feet in height, maintained in good condition and neat and orderly in appearance.
(3) 
No part of any off-street parking area shall be closer than 10 feet to any school, hospital or other institutional property line unless screened as provided in Section 1296.03(1)(2).
(4) 
Each required greenbelt must meet the landscaping requirements as provided in Chapter 1297.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
(a) 
Barrier free accessible parking. Where parking is provided the following number of barrier-free/accessible parking spaces will be provided.
Total Parking Spaces Provided
Required Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces
1 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of total
More than 1,000
20 plus one for each 100 over 1,000
Van Spaces: For every fraction of eight accessible parking spaces, at least one shall be a van-accessible parking space.
Source: 2000 Michigan Building Code, Section 1106, Parking and Passenger Loading Facilities.
(b) 
Parking space requirements. Parking spaces for barrier free accessible parking shall be located as close as possible on the most direct route to barrier-free building entrances. Signs shall be provided to indicate the direction of the travel to barrier-free building approaches when the barrier-free entrance is not visible from the accessible parking space or spaces. Each accessible parking space shall have not more than a nominal 3% grade and be not less than 12 feet wide or be not less than eight feet wide and be adjacent to an access aisle which is not less than five feet wide and which is not a traffic lane. The parking space surface shall be stable and firm. There shall be a barrier-free route of travel from accessible parking spaces to the nearest barrier-free building approach.
(c) 
Dispersal of parking. In buildings that have multiple barrier-free building approaches, the required handicapper spaces shall be proportionately dispersed immediately adjacent to barrier-free building approaches. Dispersal may be accomplished in groupings of two spaces.
(d) 
Parking spaces in parking garages. Handicap accessible parking spaces in parking garages and storage use groups shall have a barrier-free route of travel and shall otherwise conform to the off-street parking facilities and parking lot specifications set forth in this section.
(e) 
Minimum height requirements in parking structures. A vertical clearance of not less than seven feet shall be provided to and from the barrier-free parking spaces in parking structures.
(f) 
Signs. Each handicapped accessible parking space shall be individually signed with the symbol of compliance. The sign shall be a minimum of 12 inches wide by 18 inches in height and the bottom edge of the sign shall be located not less than six feet, eight inches above grade.
Exception: Non-projecting wall-mounted signs shall be mounted not less than five feet above grade.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
On the same premises with every building or structure, or part thereof, involving the receipt or distribution of vehicles, materials or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained, on the lot, adequate space for standing, loading and unloading in order to avoid undue interference with public use of dedicated rights-of-way. Such space shall be provided as follows:
(a) 
Loading dock approaches shall be provided with asphalt or concrete pavement so as to provide a permanent, durable and dustless surface.
(b) 
Required greenbelt, setbacks, and screening.
(1) 
Off-street loading areas, including maneuvering lanes, shall not be located within the front yard. Off-street loading shall be permitted within the required side or rear yard setbacks, provided a minimum ten-foot setback is maintained between off-street loading and the abutting side and rear lot lines.
(2) 
Off-street loading which abuts residentially zoned or used property shall be screened in accordance with Section 1296.03(1).
(c) 
Double count. Off-street loading space areas shall not be construed as, or counted toward, the supplying of area required as off-street parking space area.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010]
(a) 
Drive-through facilities. In addition to meeting off-street parking requirements, all uses which provide drive through facilities for serving customers within their automobiles shall provide adequate off street stacking space within a defined stacking lane which meets the following requirements:
(1) 
Each stacking lane shall be a minimum of 12 feet in width and 20 feet in length.
(2) 
Clear identification and delineation between the drive-through facility and the parking lot shall be provided. Drive-through facilities shall be designed in a manner which promotes pedestrian and vehicular safety.
(3) 
Each drive-through facility shall have an escape lane to allow other vehicles to pass those waiting to be served. The Planning Commission may waive the requirement for an escape lane where it can be demonstrated that such a waiver will not result in an adverse effect on public safety or the convenience of patrons of the facility.
(4) 
The number of stacking spaces per service lane shall be provided for the uses listed below. Each stacking space shall be computed on the basis of 20 feet in length. When a use is not specifically mentioned, the requirements for off-street stacking space for a similar use shall apply.
Use
Stacking Spaces Per Service Lane*
Banks
3
Pharmacy
4
Dry-cleaning
4
Fast-food restaurants
6
Car washes (self-service)
Entry
3
Exit
1
Car washes (automatic)
Entry
10
Exit
2
Oil change facilities/service stations
2
NOTE:
*
Additional stacking spaces may be required at the discretion of the Planning Commission.
(b) 
Off-street waiting space. Uses such as day cares, schools, hospitals, nursing homes and churches shall provide a safe and efficient means for passengers to be dropped off and picked up. Such off street waiting spaces shall be clearly delineated so as to ensure the safety of pedestrians and motorists.
[Ord. No. 738, passed 2-22-2010; Ord. No. 739, passed 4-12-2010]
Storage and parking of recreational equipment within all residential zoning districts shall comply with the following:
(a) 
Storage or parking shall not be permitted on vacant lots or parcels.
(b) 
All such equipment shall remain unoccupied and shall not be connected to sanitary sewer facilities or have a fixed connection to electricity, water or gas.
(c) 
Any recreational equipment shall be parked or stored, unless otherwise permitted hereafter:
(1) 
In an enclosed building, such as a garage; or
(2) 
In the rear yard, or the side yard, subject to the following limitations:
A. 
The recreational equipment shall be parked or stored no closer than three feet from any window or door of any residential building; and three feet from the rear/side property lines;
B. 
The recreational equipment shall be parked completely within the boundaries of the lot and shall not block a public sidewalk where such public sidewalk exists.
(d) 
No more than one travel trailer or motor home shall be stored on a single lot.
(e) 
Recreational and camping equipment may be parked anywhere on the owner's premises for loading or unloading purposes for a period of not more than 48 hours, so long as the equipment does not obstruct driveways or vehicular pedestrian traffic of adjoining properties.
(f) 
Recreational equipment must be kept in good repair and carry a prior or current year's license plate and/or registration. The storage of recreational equipment on a residential parcel shall be limited to only that of which is owned by, and licensed, and registered to, the occupant of the residential lot or parcel on which the equipment is stored.
(g) 
In the R-3 Residential District, recreational and utility vehicles may be stored in a rear or side yard. Front yard parking of recreational and utility vehicles is permitted, provided they are not within five feet of any adjacent dwellings, 10 feet of the street right-of-way, do not obstruct the pedestrian traffic of adjacent properties, and are stored on an improved surface.