Cross References — As to dangerous buildings as a nuisance, ch. 505; as to prostitution houses deemed a nuisance, §215.465.
The following are declared to be nuisances affecting health:
All decayed or unwholesome food offered for sale to the public or offered to the public at no charge.
All diseased animals running at large.
All ponds or pools of stagnant water.
Carcasses of dead animals not buried or destroyed within twenty-four (24) hours after death.
Accumulations, wheresoever they may occur, of manure, rubbish, garbage, refuse and human and industrial, noxious or offensive waste, except the normal storage on a farm of manure for agricultural purposes.
Garbage cans which are not fly-tight, that is, garbage cans which do not prevent the entry of flies, insects and rodents.
The pollution of any well, cistern, spring, underground water, stream, lake, canal or body of water by sewage or industrial wastes, or other substances harmful to human beings.
Dense smoke, noxious fumes, gas and soot, or cinders in unreasonable quantities, or the presence of any gas, vapor, fume, smoke, dust or any other toxic substance on, in or emitted from the equipment of any premises in quantities sufficient to be toxic, harmful or injurious to the health of any employee or to any premises, occupant or to any other person.
Common drinking cups, roller towels, combs, brushes or eating utensils in public or semi-public places where not properly sanitized after use.
Any vehicle used for septic tank cleaning which does not meet the requirements of this Chapter of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Louisiana.
Any vehicle used for garbage or rubbish disposal which is not equipped with a water-tight metal body and provided with a tight metal cover or covers and so constructed as to prevent any of the contents from leaking, spilling, falling or blowing out of such vehicle at any time, except while being loaded, or not completely secured and covered so as to prevent offensive odors from escaping therefrom or exposing any part of the contents at any time.
Any and all infestations of flies, fleas, roaches, lice, ticks, rats, mice, fly maggots, mosquito larvae and hookworm larvae.
The keeping of animals and fowls in any area within the City not zoned for agricultural uses except pet cats and dogs, animals in public or licensed zoos, and farm animals in laboratories.
Unlicensed dumps and licensed dumps not operated or maintained in compliance with the ordinances of the City of Louisiana and the Statutes of the State of Missouri.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into a stormwater system any waste materials, liquids, vapor, fat, gasoline, benzene, naphtha, oil or petroleum product, mud, straw, lawn clippings, tree limbs or branches, metal or plastic objects, rags, garbage or any other substance which is capable of causing an obstruction to the flow of the storm system or interfere with the proper operation of the system or which will pollute the natural creeks or waterways.
All other acts, practices, conduct, business, occupation callings, trades, uses of property and all other things detrimental or certain to be detrimental to the health of the inhabitants of the City of Louisiana.
Unlawful To Cause, Maintain Within City Or One-Half Mile Thereof. It is unlawful for any owner, lessee or occupant or any agent, servant, representative or employee of any such owner, lessee or occupant having control of any occupied lot or land or any part thereof in the City of Louisiana or within one-half (½) mile of the corporate limits of the City of Louisiana, Missouri, to cause, permit or maintain a nuisance on any such lot or land. Additionally, it is unlawful for any person or his/her agent, servant, representative or employee to cause or maintain a nuisance on the land or property of another with or without permission. Each day that a nuisance shall be maintained is a separate offense.
Abatement of nuisance — abatement officer. Whenever the Abatement Officer for the City shall ascertain or have knowledge that a nuisance exists on any premises in the City, he/she shall, by written notice, notify the persons occupying or having possession of said premises to abate or remove such nuisance within the time to be specified in such notice, not less than fifteen (15) days. Failure to abate such nuisance within the time specified within the notice or failure to pursue the removal or abatement of such nuisance without unnecessary delay, shall be deemed an ordinance violation.
Notice. The Abatement Officer shall determine all individuals, firms or corporations who, from the records in the Recorder of Deeds office, appear to be the titled owners of the aforesaid property and immediately cause a written notice to be served on each such individual, firm or corporation by one (1) of the following methods:
The delivery of a true copy of the notice to the person(s) intended to be notified, or the leaving of a copy at his/her usual place of abode with some member of his/her family over the age of fifteen years.
Mailing a copy to such person at such place or address by United States certified mail return receipt.
If service of such written notice is unable to be perfected by any of the methods described above, the Abatement Officer shall direct the City Clerk to cause a copy of the aforesaid notice to be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the County where the City is located, once a week for two (2) consecutive weeks and shall further cause a copy of the aforesaid notice to be left with the individual, if any, in possession of such property on which it is alleged such public nuisance exists, or if there is no individual in possession thereof, the Abatement Officer shall cause a copy of the notice to be posted at such structure, location or premises. The Abatement Officer may also determine from the Recorder of Deeds' office who the lien holder of the property, if any, as documented therein, is and cause a written notice to be served on such lien holder by United States mail return receipt.
Summary abatement. Whenever it becomes necessary to abate a nuisance immediately in order to secure the general health, welfare or safety of the City or any of its inhabitants, the City is authorized to abate such nuisance without notice and may use any suitable means or assistance for that purpose, whether by employees of the City or laborers especially employed for that purpose, or any other help or assistance necessary therefor.
Municipal Court may order abatement — cost of abatement by the City, how paid. If, upon a trial for the failure to abate such nuisance within the time specified within the notice or failure to pursue the removal or abatement of such nuisance without unnecessary delay, the judge of the Municipal Court shall find that a violation exists and that the defendant has had proper notice as provided in this Section and that the defendant has failed to abate the nuisance, the judge of the Municipal Court shall, in addition to the penalty for violating this Section, make an order directing the Abatement Officer to abate such nuisance forthwith and immediately report the expenses thereof to the City Clerk or officer in charge of finance who shall cause the certified cost to be included in a special tax bill or added to the annual real estate tax bill, at the collecting official's option, for the property and the certified cost shall be collected by the city collector or other official collecting taxes in the same manner and procedure for collecting real estate taxes. If the certified cost is not paid, the tax bill shall be considered delinquent, and the collection of the delinquent bill shall be governed by the laws governing delinquent and back taxes. The tax bill from the date of its issuance shall be deemed a personal debt against the owner and shall also be a lien on the property until paid.
Right of entry. Any person or contractor employed by or under contract with the City for the abatement of a nuisance and any agent or employee of such contractor shall have the right of entry for that purpose into and upon any premises and it shall be unlawful to interfere with any Police Officer, Abatement Officer or any officer, agent or employee of the City or with any representative of the City engaged in the abatement of any nuisance pursuant to an order of the Municipal Judge or any summary abatement as described above.
Remand and hearing. In case the Municipal Judge shall determine that abatement of any alleged nuisance is not immediately necessary for the protection of the health of the inhabitants of the City, he/she may instead of entering a finding remand the matter to the City Council and the City shall hold a hearing before declaring the same to be a nuisance and ordering its abatement. At least Fifteen (15) days' notice of such hearing shall be given to the owner or occupant of the premises upon which such alleged nuisance exists or to his/her agent or to the person causing or maintaining such alleged nuisance, which notice shall state the time and place of such hearing. All interested parties may appear at such hearing either in person or by attorney and present evidence concerning the matters at issue. If, upon such hearing, the City Council finds that a nuisance exists, it shall order the owner, occupant or agent of such property, or the person causing or maintaining such nuisance, to abate the same and if the same be not abated within the time prescribed by the City Council in such order, the matter may again be presented for prosecution before the Municipal Court for determination.
Court suit authorized. Nothing in this Section shall be construed as abandoning or limiting the City's right to bring suit for all expenses attending the abatement of a nuisance, when performed by the City, in any court of competent jurisdiction in the name of the City against the person maintaining, keeping, creating or refusing to abate the nuisance so abated.
[R.O. 2008 §220.030; Code 1968 §18-10; CC 1988 §20-3]
All overhead gutters, whether made of tin or wood, that conduct the water from any building and cause the water to pour over into any public thoroughfare within this City are hereby declared to be a nuisance. Each person who shall allow such gutters to remain on his/her premises and lead from his/her premises into a public thoroughfare and who does not change the gutter so that such gutter shall conduct the water to the ground before it leads from the building shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and punished as provided in Section 100.170. Every three (3) days for which such gutters shall remain in violation of this Section shall constitute a new and separate offense and subject the offender to the same penalty as provided in Section 100.170.
[R.O. 2008 §220.020; CC 1988 §20-26; Ord. No. 04-2007 §II, 5-14-2007]
It shall be the duty of the Code Enforcement Officer to enforce the provisions of this Article.
[R.O. 2008 §220.140; Code 1968 §18-14; CC 1988 §20-27; Ord. No. 6479A, 7-8-1996; Ord. No. 04-2007 §II, 5-14-2007]
It shall be unlawful for any owner or occupant having control of any occupied or unoccupied lot or parcel of land within the City to permit any such growth of weeds or any other rank vegetation on any such lot or along the sidewalk or street adjacent to the lot between the property line and the center of the street. All vegetation shall meet the standards as set out in the last adopted edition of the International Property Maintenance Code. Grass or other vegetation in excess of eight (8) inches is declared a nuisance. Agricultural crops shall not be subject to the provisions of this Section. Property owners are required to maintain a minimum clearance of all trees, bushes and like vegetation to a height of eight (8) feet or greater over all sidewalks and walkways and to a height of fourteen (14) feet or greater over roadways, alleyways and shoulders.
[R.O. 2008 §220.150; CC 1988 §20-28; Ord. No. 6480A, 7-8-1996; Ord. No. 04-2007 §II, 5-14-2007; Ord. No. 15-2017, 7-24-2017]
Whenever weeds, rank vegetation, bushes or trees are permitted to grow or remain in excess of the standards set out by this Code or in an unsightly or unhealthy manner upon any lot in the City in violation of Section 220.030 of this Article, the owner of such lot shall be liable.
The duly appointed official shall give notice to the owner, owners or his/her/their agents by the method set out in the last adopted edition of the International Property Maintenance Code.
Subsequent Violations. If weeds, grass or deleterious, unhealthful growths or other noxious matters are permitted to grow or accumulate on private property in violation of this Article more than one (1) time during the same growing, a notice of violation was delivered to the owner, lessee, occupant or other person at their last known address for any such prior violation during the same growth season, then the Code Enforcement Officer or his/her designee may, without further notification to such owner, lessee, occupant or other person in control of such property, remove such weeds, grass or deleterious, unhealthful growths or other noxious matters growing, lying or located upon the property or upon the sidewalk abutting same without further notification to such owner, lessee, occupant or other person in control of such property and remove such weeds, grass or deleterious or unhealthful growths or other noxious matters and may collect the costs of such removal in the manner set forth in this Article.
[R.O. 2008 §220.160; CC 1988 §20-29; Ord. No. 6481A, 7-8-1996; Ord. No. 04-2007 §II, 5-14-2007; Ord. No. 22-2016 § 1, 6-20-2016]
It shall be unlawful for any person to fail to have the vegetation brought into compliance as prescribed by Section 220.030 of the Code of the City.
In the event the vegetation is not brought into compliance within the time period prescribed by the duly appointed official or after an appeal hearing at which the official's decision was upheld, the Code Enforcement Officer may declare the vegetation to be a nuisance and order the nuisance to be abated.
If vegetation is not cut down and removed within the five-day period or after such hearing, the Code Enforcement Officer shall have it cut down and removed and shall certify the cost of cut-down and removal to the City Clerk who shall cause a special tax bill to be prepared against the property for the cost of such removal.
Each special tax bill shall be issued by the City Clerk and delivered to the City Collector at any time during the calendar year. The Collector shall collect such tax bill along with other taxes assessed against the property.
The tax bill from the date of its issuance shall be a first lien on the property until paid and shall be prima facie evidence of the recitals in the tax bill and of its validity, and no mere clerical error or informality in the tax bill or in the proceedings leading up to the issuance shall be a defense.
Such tax bill if not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate of eight percent (8%) per annum.
[R.O. 2008 §220.170; CC 1988 §20-30; Ord. No. 6482A, 7-8-1996; Ord. No. 04-2007 §II, 5-14-2007]
In addition to the remedial provisions set forth in Section 220.040 of this Article in order to protect, promote and preserve the public health and safety, it is hereby declared that any person owning any lot within the City and permitting or suffering a growth of weeds, grass or other rank vegetation on such lot in violation of these ordinances shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and punished as provided in Section 100.170 of this Code.