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City of Frontenac, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 390 §2, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §6, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 647 §1, 10-13-1981; Ord. No. 698 §1, 6-11-1985; Ord. No. 2000-1156 §1, 3-21-2000; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001]
A. 
Designation. In order to regulate and restrict the location of trades and residences and the location of buildings erected or altered for specific uses, and to regulate and limit the height of buildings hereafter erected or altered, to regulate and determine the area of yards and other open spaces, and to regulate and limit the density of population, the City of Frontenac is hereby divided into districts, of which there shall be six (6) in number known as:
1. 
"R-1" One-Acre Residence District
2. 
"R-2" Residence District
3. 
"C" Commercial District
4. 
"C-1" Commercial District
5. 
"PHFC" Planned High Fashion Center District
6. 
"PD" Planned Development District
B. 
District Map. The City of Frontenac is hereby divided into six (6) districts aforesaid and the boundaries of said districts are shown upon the map, which is on file in the City offices, said map being made a part of this Chapter and designated as the "District Map", dated the twenty-first (21st) day of March, 2000, and said map and all the notations, references and other information shown thereon shall be as much a part of this Chapter as if the matters and information set forth by said map were all fully described therein.
C. 
Annexation. All territory hereafter annexed to the City of Frontenac shall be in the "R-1" One-Acre Residence District until changed by ordinance.
D. 
Vacation. Whenever any street, alley or other public or private way is vacated, the zoning districts adjoining each side of such street, alley, public or private way shall be automatically extended to the center of such vacation and all area included in the vacation shall then and henceforth be subject to all appropriate regulations of the extended districts.
E. 
General Provisions. Except as hereinafter provided:
1. 
No building shall be erected, converted, reconstructed or structurally altered nor shall any building or land be used for any purpose other than is permitted in the district in which such building or land is located.
2. 
No building shall be erected, converted, reconstructed or structurally altered to exceed the height limit herein established for the district in which such building is located.
3. 
No building shall be erected, reconstructed or structurally altered so as to intrude upon the area required for the front, side and rear yards as herein established.
4. 
No lot area shall be so reduced or diminished that the yards or other open spaces shall be smaller than prescribed by this Chapter, nor shall the density of population be increased in any manner except in conformity with the area regulations herein established.
5. 
No building shall hereafter be erected, converted, enlarged, reconstructed or structurally altered except in conformity with the parking and loading regulations of this Chapter.
6. 
No building shall hereafter be erected or structurally altered unless located on a lot as herein defined, and in no case shall there be more than one (1) building on one (1) lot except as hereinafter provided.
[Ord. No. 390 §16, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001]
A. 
Where uncertainty exists with respect to the boundaries of the various districts as shown on the map accompanying and made a part of this Chapter, the following rules shall apply:
1. 
The district boundaries are either streets or places unless otherwise shown, and where the designation on the map accompanying and made a part of this Chapter indicates the various districts are approximately bounded by street or place lines, said street or place shall be construed to be the boundary of such district.
2. 
Where the district boundaries are not otherwise indicated and where the property has been or may be hereafter divided into blocks and lots, the blocks or lots shall be construed to be the boundary of such district unless said boundaries are otherwise indicated on the map.
3. 
In unsubdivided property, the district boundary lines on the map accompanying and made a part of this Chapter shall be determined by use of the scale contained on such map.
[Ord. No. 390 §3, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §2, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001; Ord. No. 2011-1666 §1, 9-20-2011; Ord. No. 2012-1677 §1, 3-22-2012]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section, or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section, are the regulations in the "R-1" One-Acre Residence District.
B. 
Use Regulations. A building or premises shall be used only for the following purposes:
1. 
Single-family dwellings.
2. 
City-owned or operated parks and playgrounds.
3. 
Churches, but only when located upon a tract containing five (5) or more acres which has frontage upon a major street.
4. 
Public schools.
5. 
Home occupations.
6. 
A maximum of three (3) accessory buildings per lot from among the following: one (1) detached garage, one (1) pool house or not more than two (2) other accessory buildings not exceeding one hundred fifty (150) square feet each designed and used solely for uses which are customarily incident to residential use and not used for any retail business or industrial enterprise.
7. 
Temporary buildings for uses incidental to construction work, which buildings shall be removed upon the completion or abandonment of the construction work.
8. 
Governmental buildings and related uses and communication antennas, towers and accessory buildings and equipment, both public and private, located on City-owned property.
C. 
Height, Area And Yard Requirements. Maximum height requirements and minimum requirements for building site area and for yard and minimum floor area for single-family residences are contained in Section 405.100.
[Ord. No. 390 §4, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §3, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section are the district regulations in the "R-2" Residence District.
B. 
Use Regulations. The use regulations shall be the same as in the "R-1" One-Acre Residence District, except that stables, horses or other livestock are hereby prohibited.
C. 
Height, Area And Yard Requirements. Maximum height requirements and minimum requirements for building site area and for yard and minimum floor area for single-family residences are contained in Section 405.100.
[Ord. No. 2016-1783 § 1, 4-19-2016]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section, or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section, are the regulations in the "R-3" Villa Residence District. For purposes of these regulations the term "villa" shall mean single-family residences developed and functioning in common with similar residences in a coordinated environment and of superior design using premium materials, not exceeding two stories in height, generally designed and oriented so as to generally have two exterior walls of each villa providing direct access to a courtyard, terrace, lanai or similar type of private or shared open space.
B. 
Use Regulations. A building or premises shall be used only for the following purposes:
1. 
Any use permitted in the "R-1" One-Acre Residence District.
2. 
A coordinated development of single-family villas constructed and maintained on one or more lots as a single unified community containing only villa-type homes.
C. 
The minimum lot area for property in the "R-3" district shall be five (5) acres.
D. 
There is no minimum floor area or yard requirement per dwelling unit.
E. 
The maximum building height shall be two stories or thirty-five (35) feet, whichever is less.
F. 
The density of units cannot exceed three and five-tenths (3.5) units for each acre of land included in the development.
G. 
Setbacks from neighboring properties and roadways shall be approved by Planning and Zoning and the Board of Aldermen prior to final site plan approval.
H. 
There can be no more than two (2) units in any one structure, and design features like off-set unit frontages, landscaping, etc., shall be used to reduce the sense of mass and uniformity.
I. 
The development shall provide on-site enclosed parking equivalent to at least two spaces per dwelling unit.
J. 
Not less than forty percent (40%) of the area of the development, exclusive of streets, parking areas, driveways and sidewalks, shall be preserved as green space as defined in Section 405.161 of the Frontenac Municipal Code, including exterior areas set aside for each dwelling unit and common areas devoted as an amenity for residents.
K. 
The community shall be developed and maintained in accord with a site development plan approved by the Board of Aldermen which shall identify the location and character of all units; exterior design and materials demonstrating superior design characteristics and premium materials; on-site and off-site traffic circumstances and internal circulation and parking; open space to be preserved; amenities and improvements provided to occupants, and such other information as may be helpful to the Board of Aldermen in assessing the project's character and suitability for its surroundings.
[Ord. No. 390 §5, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §4, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 823 §1, 2-27-1990; Ord. No. 941 §1, 2-16-1993; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001; Ord. No. 2012-1677 §1, 3-22-2012; Ord. No. 2013-1698 §1, 4-16-2013]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section, or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section, are the district regulations in the "C" Commercial District.
B. 
Permitted Uses. Any one (1) or more of the following uses shall be permitted in the "C" Commercial District:
1. 
Bakeries whose products are sold only at retail and on the premises.
2. 
Banks and financial institutions.
3. 
Barbershops or beauty parlors or tanning salons.
4. 
Churches, but only when located upon a tract containing five (5) or more acres.
5. 
Pickup stations for cleaning and related work.
6. 
Hotels/motels.
7. 
Offices.
8. 
Public schools.
9. 
Restaurants, but not drive-in or drive-through establishments, but which may include a cocktail lounge, the manner and hours of operation of which shall be determined by the Board of Aldermen.
10. 
Sales or show rooms, excluding outside sales areas.
11. 
Stores or shops for the conduct of a retail business.
12. 
Studios.
13. 
Detached garages, above or below ground.
14. 
Temporary buildings for uses incidental to construction work, which buildings shall be removed upon the completion or abandonment of the construction work.
15. 
Governmental buildings and related uses; and communications antennas, towers and accessory buildings and equipment, both public and private, located on City-owned property.
16. 
Any permitted use within this district that offers drive-through or drive-up service requires review and approval in accordance with the procedures of Section 405.140 of the Frontenac Zoning Regulations, Conditional Uses.
C. 
Height, Area And Yard Requirements. Maximum height requirements and minimum requirements for building site area and for yard and minimum floor area for single-family residences are contained in Section 405.100.
[Ord. No. 390 §6, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §5, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 823 §2, 2-27-1990; Ord. No. 99-1149 §1, 10-7-1999; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section are the district regulations in the "C-1" Commercial District.
[Ord. No. 2013-1698 §1, 4-16-2013]
B. 
Permitted Uses. Any one (1) or more of the following uses shall be permitted in the "C-1" Commercial District:
[Ord. No. 2013-1698 §1, 4-16-2013]
1. 
Any use permitted in the "C" Commercial District.
2. 
Garages used for customer or employee parking only, with no vehicle storage or sales permitted.
3. 
Office buildings.
4. 
Storage vans, trailer vans or similar equipment shall not be allowed on the premises, except if empty and locked or used on construction sites.
5. 
Any permitted use within this district that offers drive-through or drive-up service requires review and approval in accordance with the procedures of Article V of the Frontenac Zoning Regulations, Conditional Uses.
C. 
Height, Area And Yard Requirements. Maximum height requirements and minimum requirements for building site area and for yard and minimum floor area for commercial districts are contained in Section 405.100.
[Ord. No. 2014-1728 §1, 6-17-2014]
[1]
Editor's Note — Ord. no. 2012-1677, enacted 3-22-2012, amended the material in Section 405.140 and the material previously found in Subsection (A)(11) is now contained in Subsection (A)(12). The reference to same herein has therefore been changed to reflect this amendment.
[Ord. No. 390 §7, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 446 §6, 1-11-1972; Ord. No. 823 §3, 2-27-1990; Ord. No. 941 §2, 2-16-1993; Ord. No. 99-1149 §1, 10-7-1999; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001; Ord. No. 2002-1281 §§2 — 3, 7-16-2002; Ord. No. 2002-1299 §§1 — 7, 11-19-2002; Ord. No. 2003-1305 §1, 1-21-2003; Ord. No. 2010-1638 §1, 10-19-2010]
A. 
The regulations set forth in this Section or set forth elsewhere in this Chapter when referred to in this Section are the district regulations in the Planned High Fashion Center District.
B. 
Plan Required. The Planned High Fashion Center District shall be laid out as a total concept and developed as a unit according to an approved plan, as provided below, in order to provide for "high fashion" shopping facilities of integrated design which will offer a wide range of retail stores and personal service establishments which cater to the frequently recurring needs of the public and which will be designed in a manner which will protect the value of adjoining property and promote and protect the public health, safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the public.
C. 
Permitted Uses. Any one (1) or more of the following uses shall be permitted in the Planned High Fashion Center District if approved by both the Planning and Zoning Commission and the Board of Aldermen, subject to such conditions as shall be imposed by the Board of Aldermen to protect the public's health, safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare:
1. 
High fashion department stores offering goods, wares, merchandise and services of high quality for sale or hire at retail on the premises to the general public.
2. 
Accessory shops and stores offering additional goods, wares, merchandise and services such as barbershops, beauty salons and tanning salons of high quality for sale or hire at retail on the premises to the general public.
3. 
Restaurants which may include cocktail lounges, the hours of operation of which may be determined by the Board of Aldermen.
4. 
Offices for the management and operation of the Planned High Fashion Center.
5. 
Benefit gatherings of charitable, fraternal, religious, service and veterans' organizations.
6. 
Accessory uses within the department stores, shops, restaurants and other stores ordinarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the particular store, shop or restaurant premises.
7. 
Accessory uses for mall areas outside of stores, shops and restaurants such as displays or exhibits by persons other than tenants or the owners of the Planned High Fashion Center, provided such displays or exhibits are educational or artistic and in the public interest. No sales of any merchandise or wares so displayed or exhibited shall be conducted on the premises in connection therewith. It shall not be necessary to obtain specific approval by the Planning and Zoning Commission or the Board of Aldermen before the owners of the Planned High Fashion Center may create or allow such displays or exhibits.
D. 
Preliminary Site Plan Information Required. Adequate information shall be developed, procured and submitted by architects, engineers and surveyors duly registered in the State of Missouri to the Planning and Zoning Commission and the Board of Aldermen as follows:
1. 
A preliminary site plan shall be prepared and six (6) copies thereof shall be submitted to the Planning and Zoning Commission. The plan shall be at a scale of not less than one (1) inch equals fifty (50) feet and shall have accurate contours at intervals of not less than five (5) feet. The plan shall show the location and size of any existing structures and the disposition to be made thereof, the location and size of all proposed buildings and the general use to be made thereof, and the location of areas to be developed for parking with specific numbering of spaces, drives, walkways, recreation, landscaping or other uses.
2. 
A general grading plan, in the form of a survey prepared by a professional land surveyor, showing the proposed grades and finished floor elevations of all structures to be located on the site and indicating all natural features of the site shall be submitted with the site plan. Said grading plan shall not be inconsistent with either the surrounding ground, existing developments, roads or major highways and shall provide for the drainage of parking lots and for total stormwater facilities compatible with the surrounding area. The location of any existing major growth that is to be retained shall also be indicated on the plan.
3. 
A general landscaping plan with ample provision for trees, lawns and garden areas, with special attention being paid to the landscaping of parking areas and special entrances, and areas which have frontage on major thoroughfares.
4. 
Preliminary plans showing the location of all roads, entrances, underground utilities, walkways, special features and parks or recreational facilities that may exist.
E. 
Supplemental Data. The following data and information shall also be submitted with the preliminary site plan:
1. 
General floor plans and elevations of typical buildings to indicate the architectural character of the building, including statements regarding types of construction.
2. 
Detailed and current traffic statistics, correlated with any governmental data available on the subject.
3. 
A proposed construction schedule for completion of the entire project.
4. 
A proposal regarding the method of operating and maintaining the project.
5. 
A preliminary plan of entrance details, additional rights-of-way and additional paving which may be necessary.
6. 
Specifications of all paved areas, roads, walks and similar facilities.
7. 
A preliminary plan showing the location, type and design of parking lot lighting and signs to be used both externally and internally.
8. 
A statement regarding the disposition of trash.
9. 
A statement regarding the provisions of adequate security for parking areas and the interior mall.
10. 
With the exception of buildings located on outparcels, a preliminary plan providing for the use of underground utilities and off-street loading and receiving facilities which are either completely underground or completely below grade.
11. 
A preliminary plan for all buildings located on outparcels providing for off-street loading and receiving facilities, the use of underground utilities, as well as service areas designed to maintain tenant refuse.
12. 
A preliminary plan of the proposed road and traffic improvements as specified by agencies of government, together with the agreement of the owner to maintain the unpaved portion of road rights-of-way with the appropriate agency in control thereof.
13. 
A statement containing provisions for the maintenance of roads, drives, walks, landscaping, trees and fences.
F. 
Minimum Standards. The following minimum standards for heights, yards, open space, roads and fencing shall be observed in the Planned High Fashion Center District:
1. 
No building shall exceed a height of three (3) stories or forty (40) feet, provided however, that this limitation shall not apply to architectural ornamentations and design features in the preliminary plans approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission and the Board of Aldermen. The vertical distance shall be measured from the average grades around the building.
2. 
No building shall be within one hundred fifty (150) feet of any boundary of the project, said provision not being applicable to special major highway innovation or highway access facility.
3. 
No major building shall be erected within forty (40) feet of any major access drive serving the project nor shall any unenclosed off-street parking be permitted within this space.
4. 
Any off-street parking abutting residential property shall maintain a twenty (20) foot setback and shall contain an adequate security or privacy fence together with satisfactory landscaping features.
5. 
a. 
a. Off-street parking shall be provided in accordance with Section 405.110 of this Chapter and all loading zones shall be below grade and as provided in accordance with Section 405.120 of this Chapter, with the exception of buildings located on outparcels.
b. 
In the PHFC, where it has been demonstrated by study of the combined uses and customary operation of these uses that adequate parking would be provided, the minimum parking requirement set forth in Section 405.110 of this Chapter may be reduced, in the aggregate, up to a maximum of nine percent (9%) when recommended by the Planning and Zoning Commission and approved by the Board of Aldermen.
[Ord. No. 2018-1844, 4-17-2018]
6. 
Landscaped areas are to be maintained in first-rate condition, with appearance equal to that specified in the final plan, subject to semi-annual inspection and approval by the City Engineer and Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator or other City Officials to whom this duty is assigned. In the event that said landscaped areas are not properly maintained, the City shall give the owners notice in writing of the deficiencies and the owners shall have thirty (30) days in which to correct said deficiencies. If the owners shall not correct said deficiencies in the thirty (30) day period, the City may enter the premises and correct said deficiencies and charge the costs thereof to the owners of the property.
7. 
Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 405.080(F)(3) above, outparcels shall be subject to the following location and setback requirements:
a. 
No building on an outparcel shall be within one hundred fifty (150) feet of any boundary adjoining residential use property;
b. 
No building on an outparcel shall be within fifteen (15) feet of any boundary adjoining commercial or institutional use property.
c. 
No building on an outparcel shall be within thirty (30) feet of an existing public highway, street or roadway right-of-way line;
d. 
No building on an outparcel shall be larger that twelve thousand (12,000) square feet in total area; and
e. 
Any building on an outparcel shall not be considered a "major building" for purposes of applying the minimum standard of Section 405.080(F)(3) above.
G. 
Design Standards.
1. 
Off-street parking areas shall be maintained in a clean, orderly and dust-free condition at the expense of the owner or lessee.
2. 
Off-street parking facilities shall be drained to prevent damage to abutting property or public streets and surfaced with erosion-resistant material in accordance with the requirements of the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator.
3. 
No open storage, except vehicles of employees and visitors, shall be permitted within the project. Tenant refuse containers shall be maintained in below grade service areas. For all buildings located on outparcels, tenant refuse containers may be maintained in either below or above ground service areas that are acceptable to the City. Refuse containers for the use of the public shall be maintained above grade and shall be located at points accessible to the public. All refuse containers shall be approved by the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator.
4. 
There shall be a minimum of two (2) security guards approved by the Board of Aldermen of the City of Frontenac and provided by the owners of the "PHFC" on duty in the parking area of the "PHFC" at all times during which the "PHFC" stores are open to the public for business.
5. 
The Board of Aldermen of the City of Frontenac reserves the right to regulate hours and conditions for pickups and deliveries as well as the location and enclosure of tenant refuse containers in the service areas for all buildings located on the outparcels which may at the discretion of the Board of Aldermen be maintained above or below ground within the "PHFC".
H. 
Review And Approval. The Planning and Zoning Commission shall study the preliminary plan and supporting data submitted upon referral of said plan and data by the Board of Aldermen to the Commission and may make suggestions for changes and adjustments. After review by the Planning and Zoning Commission, said body shall submit a report to the Board of Aldermen. The Board of Aldermen shall review the preliminary data and report from the Planning and Zoning Commission and shall hold a duly advertised public hearing on the proposed project. If the Board of Aldermen approves the preliminary plan and supporting material, two (2) copies of the preliminary plan and supporting material shall be signed by the appropriate City Officials, one (1) of which copy shall be filed in the office of the City Clerk, and the other of which copy shall be given to the owner.
I. 
Upon receipt of the approved preliminary plan, the owner may proceed with final plans for all or any portion of the project. The final plans and specifications shall conform to the preliminary plans approved by the Board of Aldermen and shall also conform to the Building Code of the City of Frontenac.
J. 
The final plans and specifications shall be reviewed by the Planning and Zoning Commission and the Board of Aldermen but no additional public hearing thereon is required. No permit for construction of the project shall be issued until the final plans and specifications have been found by the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator to conform to the preliminary plans and the Building Code of the City of Frontenac except that the Board of Aldermen may approve in writing some clearing and grading upon the project.
K. 
Amendment. The Board of Alderman may amend any reviewed and approved Planned High Fashion District ("PHFC") site plan and supporting material upon proper application and compliance with the provisions of Chapter 405 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Frontenac. Any person or entity seeking to have a "PHFC" site plan and supporting material amended shall follow all of the procedures and obtain all of the reviews and approvals set forth in Section 405.080(I) for preliminary "PHFC" site plans.
[Ord. No. 390 §7A, 12-11-1968; Ord. No. 647 §1, 10-13-1981; Ord. No. 698 §1, 6-11-1985; Ord. No. 99-1149 §1, 10-7-1999; Ord. No. 2001-1200 §1, 7-17-2001; Ord. No. 2006-1501 §3, 5-16-2006; Ord. No. 2013-1716 §1, 12-17-2013]
A. 
Intent And Purpose.
1. 
The purpose of the Planned Development District is to provide a means of achieving greater flexibility in residential and commercial development of land in a manner not possible in conventional zones; to encourage a more imaginative and innovative design of projects; to promote a more desirable community environment; and to retain maximum control over both the structure and future operation of the development.
2. 
The Board of Aldermen, upon receiving recommendations of the Planning and Zoning Commission, may by ordinance authorize a Planned Development District when the proposed development, redevelopment or use of a specific tract of land or area warrants greater flexibility, control and density than is afforded under the general regulations of standard zoning districts. These planned development regulations are not intended to allow excessive densities or the development of incompatible land uses, either within the development or as the development relates to the general neighborhood. The standards contained in the following provisions and the related planned development ordinance must be strictly adhered to by the applicant.
3. 
The City may, upon proper application, approve a planned development for a site of at least one (1) acre to facilitate the use of flexible techniques of land development and site design, by providing relief from zoning requirements designed for conventional developments in order to obtain three (3) or more of the following objectives:
a. 
Environmental design in the development of land that is of a higher quality than is possible under the regulations otherwise applicable to the property.
b. 
Promotion of a creative approach to the use of land and related physical facilities resulting in better design and development, including aesthetic amenities.
c. 
Combination and coordination of architectural styles, building forms and building relationships covering different phases within a single development project.
d. 
Diversification in the uses permitted and variation in the relationship of uses, structures, open space and height of structures in developments intended as cohesive, unified projects.
e. 
Use of design, landscape or architectural features to create a pleasing environment.
f. 
Inclusion of special features.
g. 
Functional and beneficial uses of open space areas.
h. 
Preservation of natural features of a development site.
i. 
Creation of a safe and desirable living environment for residential areas characterized by a unified building and site development program.
j. 
Elimination of deteriorated structures or incompatible uses through redevelopment or rehabilitation.
k. 
Rational and economic development in relation to public services.
l. 
Efficient and effective traffic circulation, both within and adjacent to the development site.
m. 
Facilitate implementation of the recommendations of the Comprehensive Plan, where applicable.
B. 
Public Benefit. In exchange for waivers of certain requirements of the Frontenac Zoning Regulations, public benefit shall be provided as determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission and Board of Aldermen. The public benefits to the City that are intended to be derived from the approval of planned developments may include, but are not limited to:
1. 
Use of large tracts of land in a manner which provides a cohesive phased development and minimizes construction impact;
2. 
Extraordinary landscaping and green space provisions;
3. 
Garage entryways by virtue of their location, materials and design that blend with the architecture of the surrounding neighborhood;
4. 
Architectural distinction and significance that would make the development noteworthy;
5. 
Extensive use of high-quality building materials that would add significant value to the property and benefit adjacent properties;
6. 
Special design features such as fountains and other water features, statues, walking paths and landscaped parkway entrances.
7. 
Inclusion of street level landscape gardens, plazas or parks available for public use.
8. 
Public art.
9. 
Provision of new public infrastructure, including, but not limited to, streets, curbs, sidewalks, sanitary sewers, stormwater sewers, lighting and public parking.
C. 
Relationship Of Planned Development Districts To The Zoning Map.
1. 
A mapped district. The "PD" designation is not intended to be attached to existing use districts as an overlay but is a distinct mapped zoning district.
2. 
Plan approval required. Although the "PD" designation may be applied to parcels of land as a mapped zoning district, it is the intent of this Chapter that no development or redevelopment of the property encompassed by the "PD" designation take place until an acceptable development plan has been reviewed and approved in conformance with the requirements of this Section. Any preexisting uses within the area encompassed by the "PD" designation shall have the status of non-conforming uses, as outlined in Section 405.130, until such time as they are included in an approved development plan.
3. 
Types of planned developments. All areas of the City subject to the "PD" designation shall be assigned one (1) of the following subclassifications which shall be considered a separate zoning district and subject to the specific restrictions and limitations outlined in this Section:
a. 
Planned Development — Residential ("PDR"): Planned developments involving residential uses only.
b. 
Planned Development — Retail/Commercial ("PDC"): Planned developments involving retail/commercial uses only.
c. 
Planned Development — Mixed Use ("PDMXD"): Planned developments Involving a mixture of residential and non-residential uses.
4. 
These subclassifications may be designated by the City at the time of the original zoning of the parcel in question, or the City may make the designation at the time of development/redevelopment plan application. In the instance of a request for Zoning Map amendment, the applicant shall request a specific subclassification; however, it shall be at the discretion of the City, in light of the recommendations of the City's Comprehensive Plan as well as the surrounding neighborhood, to grant the requested subclassification or require a more restrictive one.
D. 
Permitted Uses. Approval of permitted uses within a PD district is subject to considerations as stated in the intent and purpose of the PD regulations. The listing of permitted uses within each "PD" subclassification shall be as follows:
1. 
Planned Development Residential, PDR.
a. 
Single-family detached.
b. 
Single-family attached (villas or townhomes).
c. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection (D)(1)(c), which listed senior living community as a permitted use, was repealed 4-19-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-1782 § 1.
2. 
Planned Development Commercial, PDC.
a. 
Retail sales of high-quality goods and commodities, including, but not limited to, boutiques, craft supplies, art galleries, cosmetics, furs, high-fashion clothing, coffee shops, books, toys, bakeries, home decorating, musical instruments and similar uses as approved by the Board of Aldermen.
b. 
Commercial uses which are complementary to retail sales such as small business offices (for example, insurance brokers or financial services and similar uses) and small service facilities (for example, pickup stations for cleaning, spas, small branch banks, tailors, photographers, fitness and exercise studios and similar uses), and similar uses as approved by the Board of Aldermen, However, such non-retail uses shall not occupy more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the gross leasable area of the development.
c. 
Sit-down, full-service restaurants (which may include catering) with no drive-through, delicatessens and frozen dessert shops.
3. 
Planned Development Mixed Use, PDMXD.
[Ord. No. 2016-1798 § 1, 7-19-2016]
a. 
Single-family detached.
b. 
Single-family attached (villas or townhomes).
c. 
Retail sales.
d. 
Commercial uses which are complementary to mixed residential/commercial developments such as small business offices (for example, insurance brokers or financial services and similar uses) and small service facilities (for example, pickup stations for cleaning, spas, restaurants with no drive-through, small branch banks, tailors, or photographers, fitness and exercise studios and similar uses), and other uses as approved by the Board of Aldermen; provided, however, that permitted use shall not include any hospital, health or care facility (for example any facility subject to licensure by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services such as a residential care facility, assisted living facility, intermediate care facility or skilled nursing facility).
e. 
Loft residential units above commercial uses.
E. 
Overall Development Size. The minimum overall site size of a planned development shall be one (1) acre.
F. 
Procedures For Planned Development Approval.
1. 
Application. An application in the form developed by the City for a planned development shall be filed with the non-refundable rezoning application fee of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00). A preliminary site plan shall be prepared and five (5) copies thereof shall be submitted to the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator for staff review and comments. After the petitioner has received staff comments and made the appropriate revisions (if necessary) the petitioner shall then submit eighteen (18) copies of the preliminary plans for distribution to the Planning and Zoning Commission, City Staff and City Attorney. A digital copy of the plans shall also be submitted to the staff.
2. 
Preliminary development plan. Adequate information shall be developed, procured and submitted by architects, engineers and surveyors duly registered in the State of Missouri and employed by the applicant to develop a preliminary development plan. The preliminary plan shall contain the following information:
a. 
Site and landscape plan.
(1) 
One of a series of maps shall be submitted (minimum scale one (1) inch = fifty (50) feet) indicating:
(a) 
An out boundary plat;
(b) 
The property shall be identified by lot lines and location, including dimensions, angles and size, correlated with the legal description of said property. The site plan shall be designed and prepared by a registered Missouri professional engineer or land surveyor. It shall also include the name and address of the property owner(s), developer(s) and designer(s).
(c) 
It shall show the scale, north point, boundary dimensions, natural features such as wooded areas, streams, rivers, lakes, drains, existing man-made features such as buildings, structures, easements, high-tension towers, pipe lines, existing utilities such as water and sewer lines, etc., excavations, bridges, culverts and drains and shall identify adjacent properties within one hundred eighty (180) feet of the property lines and their existing uses.
(d) 
The location, size, height and setbacks of all existing and proposed structures (including all buildings, trash enclosures, fences, etc.) on the site and identify what existing structures will be removed;
(e) 
The location and general design (width and materials) of all driveways, curb cuts and sidewalks, including connections to building entrances; as well as the location and nature of construction of all curbs and guttering;
(f) 
The location, area and number of proposed parking spaces;
(g) 
Existing and proposed grades at an interval of two (2) feet or less extended beyond the project site to include adjacent properties and structures;
(h) 
The location and general type of all existing trees over six-inch caliper and, in addition, an indication of those to be retained;
(i) 
The proposed general use and development of internal spaces, including all recreational and open space areas, plazas and major landscaped areas, and the general location and description of all proposed outdoor furniture (seating, lighting, telephones, etc.);
(j) 
The location and approximate size of all proposed plant material by type, such as hardwood/deciduous trees, evergreen trees, flowering trees, shrub masses, and types of ground cover (grass, ivies, etc.). Planting in parking areas shall be included;
(k) 
All green areas, except wooded areas, including parking lot landscaping for commercial uses, villas and townhomes shall be irrigated;
(l) 
The location of all retaining walls, fences (including privacy fences, etc.) and earth berms;
(m) 
The definition and location of all refuse collection facilities, including screening, to be provided; and
(n) 
Provisions for both on-site and off-site stormwater drainage and detention related to the proposed development.
(2) 
The scale of the drawing or drawings indicating the above shall be reasonably related to the site size, and the complexity of the proposed development plan shall be proportioned such that it is easily legible so that the Commission may readily interpret it. All drawings shall likewise indicate a project name, the names of adjoining streets, the applicant's name, a scale, a north arrow, and the date drawn.
(3) 
The applicant may be required to provide, at the applicant's expense, additional clarification and/or further detail of the preliminary plan, as deemed necessary by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
b. 
Site and building sections. Schematic or Illustrative sections shall be drawn to a scale of one (1) inch = ten (10) feet or larger, indicating both existing conditions and internal grade changes in relation to principal variations of internal building levels and sight line relations to adjacent residences.
c. 
Architectural elevations. Architectural elevations of proposed buildings shall be provided at a reasonable scale but at least one (1) foot equals one quarter (1/4) inch.
d. 
Project data.
(1) 
Site area (square feet and acres);
(2) 
Allocation of site area by building coverage, parking, loading and driveways, and open space areas, including total open space, recreation area, landscaped areas and others;
(3) 
Total dwelling units and floor area distributed by general type one-bedroom, two-bedroom, etc.);
(4) 
Floor area in non-residential use by category;
(5) 
Residential density distribution for the entire project; and
(6) 
Calculations of parking spaces and area in relation to dwelling units and commercial floor area.
e. 
Project report. A brief project report shall be provided to include an explanation of the character of the proposed development, verification of the applicant's ownership or contractual interest in the subject site, and anticipated development schedule. At the discretion of the Planning and Zoning Commission and/or Board of Aldermen, analyses by qualified independent technical personnel or consultants chosen by the City may be required as to the market and financial feasibility, traffic impact, environmental impact, stormwater and erosion control, etc., of the proposed development, which analyses shall be paid for by the applicant.
f. 
Phased development.
(1) 
If the planned development is proposed to be constructed in phases during a period extending beyond a single construction season, a development schedule shall be submitted indicating:
(a) 
The approximate date when construction of the project can be expected to begin;
(b) 
The order in which the phases of the project will be built; and
(c) 
The minimum area and the approximate location of common open space and public improvements that will be completed during each phase.
(2) 
Any shared open space or public improvements that will not be constructed during the initial phase shall be guaranteed to be completed within one (1) year of the completion of the initial phase. The guarantee shall be in the form of an irrevocable letter of credit in the amount of the improvement issued by a Federally insured financial institution. The letter of credit must be approved by the Frontenac City Attorney.
3. 
Review procedure—preliminary development plan.
a. 
An application together with a complete preliminary development plan, including information as required in this Section, shall be considered at the first regularly scheduled Planning and Zoning Commission meeting but not sooner than twenty-one (21) days from the filing of the completed application. Notices of the Planning and Zoning Commission meeting shall be sent to owners of record of all properties within three hundred (300) feet of the parcel(s) included in the application.
b. 
Staff review. The Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator shall coordinate a review of the application by appropriate affected City departments to determine its compliance with all applicable ordinances and regulations. A written report documenting the review and staff recommendations shall be prepared by the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator and submitted to the Planning and Zoning Commission at the meeting at which it first considers the application.
c. 
After consideration of the application and staff report, the Planning and Zoning Commission shall make a report to the Board of Aldermen regarding the impact of such proposed building or use upon the character of the neighborhood, traffic conditions, public utility facilities, and other matters pertaining to the general public health, safety and welfare of the City. The findings and recommendation of the Commission shall be forwarded to the Board of Aldermen. If the Commission's recommendation is for approval, its report shall contain the conditions or restrictions recommended by the Commission with respect to the preliminary development plan.
d. 
The Board of Aldermen shall hold a public hearing thereon upon at least fifteen (15) days' public notice. If the preliminary development plan is approved by the Board of Aldermen, it shall adopt an ordinance approving said preliminary development plan with conditions as specified therein. Conditions may include, but not be limited to, parking restrictions, setback and height requirements, landscaping and green space requirements, lighting requirements, permitted uses, signage, screening and buffering and special features.
e. 
Final plan. Within nine (9) months following passage of the ordinance approving the preliminary development plan, the petitioner shall submit a final development plan to the Planning and Zoning Commission for its review and consideration to determine if said final development plan is in conformance with the approved preliminary development plan and with the imposed conditions of the planned development ordinance for the proposed development. The final development plan shall reflect the entire planned development if it is to be completed in one (1) phase or a minimum of the first phase of the planned development if it consists of more than one (1) phase. The final development plan, in addition to the matters shown on the preliminary development plan, shall include the following:
(1) 
The existing and proposed contours at two-foot intervals;
(2) 
A landscape plan with the specific location of all plant material, specifying size, species and location (including any landscaped buffer area around the perimeter as well as landscaping in the parking lot);
(3) 
Nature of use, as single-family detached, attached villas or townhomes, commercial uses, mixed uses;
(4) 
All structures, present and future, specifying location, size, elevation and design, none of which may deviate substantially from the approved preliminary development plan and comply with specific planned development ordinance;
(5) 
Sidewalks;
(6) 
Parking spaces, including underground parking, traffic lanes, ingress and egress facilities;
(7) 
Method of disposal of trash and garbage;
(8) 
Parking facilities for visitors and employees;
(9) 
Plan for the provision of water, sanitary and stormwater drainage facilities;
(10) 
All easements and dedications;
(11) 
Any signs, location and size; for example, freestanding signs, sign bands, canopy signs;
(12) 
Details of lighting of parking lots and outside of buildings, including location, type and intensity;
(13) 
All other information which the Planning and Zoning Commission or the Board of Aldermen may designate.
4. 
Review procedure—final development plan.
a. 
An application together with a complete final development plan shall be considered at the next available Planning and Zoning Commission meeting.
b. 
Staff review. During the time between the filing of a complete final development plan with the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator and the next regularly scheduled Planning and Zoning Commission meeting, the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator shall review the final development plan for compliance and report to the Commission the findings of his/her review. The Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator shall establish the dollar amount of any bond required by the City to assure completion of the improvements.
c. 
After consideration of the application and staff report, the Planning and Zoning Commission shall approve, approve with conditions, or deny the final development plan. The final development plan shall generally conform to the preliminary development plan and shall conform to the planned development ordinance for the proposed development. If the final development plan does not generally conform to the preliminary development plan, or if the conditions of the planned development ordinance are not adequately met, the final development plan shall not be approved.
d. 
Upon approval of the final development plan by the Planning and Zoning Commission, the final development plan shall be forwarded to the Board of Aldermen for its review.
e. 
Following approval of the final development plan by the Planning and Zoning Commission, a Mylar (recordable document meeting St. Louis County requirements for recording) shall be submitted to the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator for review and signature confirming that the plan is the plan that was approved by the Planning and Zoning Commissioner. The signed plan shall be recorded, at the applicant's expense, with the St. Louis County Recorder of Deeds. Two (2) copies of the recorded plan shall be submitted to the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator for permanent record with the City. Any bonds or letter of credit required to insure completion of required improvements or open space shall be completed and in place prior to recording of the final development plan.
5. 
Amendments or changes to an approved development plan. Should an applicant with ownership or contractual interest in any property within an area subject to an approved preliminary and/or final development plan find that any amendments or changes are necessary to the previously approved development plan, an application shall be submitted along with necessary documentation (i.e., amended preliminary development plan or amended final development plan) to the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator who shall institute an administrative review by all affected City departments of the proposed amendments or changes. Notification of the proposed changes to the plan shall be sent to all property owners of record within three hundred (300) feet of the parcel included in the application. This notification shall also include all property owners of record within the area subject to the approved development plan. The results of this review shall be compiled by the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator and shall be reported by him/her to the Planning and Zoning Commission for its consideration at the next available meeting. Upon receiving the application for proposed amendments or changes to the development plan and associated documents from the Building Commissioner and Zoning Administrator, the Commission shall complete its review of the application, either denying, approving or approving with conditions. The application, supplemental documents and the Commission's action and reasoning shall be forwarded to the Board of Aldermen as an informational item where it shall be its option either to require a further review and approval of the proposed amendments or changes to the development plan at the Board of Aldermen level, or concur with the Commission by taking no further action.
G. 
Period Of Validity. The period of validity of approval of a final development plan is as follows:
1. 
Approval of a final development plan shall be valid for a period no longer than twelve (12) months from the date of approval unless within such period a building permit has been obtained and construction is commenced.
2. 
The Board of Aldermen may grant extensions not exceeding six (6) months each upon written request of the original applicant if the application submitted is substantially the same as the initially approved application. However, the Board of Aldermen has the power in such cases to attach new conditions to approval. At such time as the period of validity of an approved final development plan lapses, the final development plan and all uses, terms and conditions thereof shall be considered null and void. No further development of the site shall be permitted except by application in accordance with the procedural requirements of this Section, whereby it shall be considered an entirely new application.
3. 
Should a request for extension of an approved final development plan contain substantial changes, as determined by the Board of Aldermen, the Board shall require the applicant to refile his/her application subject to the requirements of this Section as if it were an entirely new application.
[1]
Editor's Note: Table 1 District Regulations is included as an attachment to this chapter.