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University City, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.090; Code 1950 §1001.38; Prior Code §21-88; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any emergency vehicle traveling in response to an emergency call closer than five hundred (500) feet or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.100; Code 1950 §1001.39; Prior Code §21-89; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a Fire Department when laid down on any street, private driveway or streetcar track, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department official in command.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.110; Ord. No. 6219 §1 (part), 1999]
A. 
Definitions. As used in this Section, the following terms mean:
FUNERAL DIRECTOR
A person licensed as a funeral director pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 333, RSMo.;
FUNERAL LEAD VEHICLE OR LEAD VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle equipped with at least one (1) lighted circulating lamp exhibiting an amber or purple light or lens or alternating flashing headlamps visible under normal atmospheric conditions for a distance of five hundred (500) feet from the front of the vehicle. A hearse or coach properly equipped may be a lead vehicle.
ORGANIZED FUNERAL PROCESSION
Two (2) or more vehicles accompanying the remains of a deceased person from a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where a funeral service has taken place to a cemetery, crematory or other place of final disposition, or a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where additional funeral services will be performed, if directed by a licensed funeral director from a licensed establishment.
B. 
Except as otherwise provided for in this Section, pedestrians and operators of all other vehicles shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle which is a part of an organized funeral procession.
C. 
Notwithstanding any traffic control device or right-of-way provision prescribed by State or local law, when the funeral lead vehicle in an organized funeral procession lawfully enters an intersection, all vehicles in the procession shall follow the lead vehicle through the intersection. The operator of each vehicle in the procession shall exercise the highest degree of care toward any other vehicle or pedestrian on the roadway.
D. 
An organized funeral procession shall have the right-of-way at all intersections regardless of any traffic control device at such intersections, except that operators of vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall yield the right-of-way to any approaching emergency vehicle pursuant to the provisions of Section 310.050, or when directed to do so by a Law Enforcement Officer.
E. 
All vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall follow the preceding vehicle in the procession as closely as is practical and safe under the conditions.
F. 
No person shall operate any vehicle as part of an organized funeral procession without the flashing emergency lights of such vehicle being lighted.
G. 
Toll free passage shall be given on all toll bridges, tunnels and other toll highways to all vehicles in an organized funeral procession.
H. 
Any person who is not an operator of a vehicle in an organized funeral procession shall not:
1. 
Drive between the vehicles comprising an organized funeral procession while such vehicles are in motion and have the flashing emergency lights lighted pursuant to Subsection (F), except when required to do so by a Law Enforcement Officer or when such person is operating an emergency vehicle giving an audible or visual signal;
2. 
Join a funeral procession for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted in this Section; or
3. 
Attempt to pass any vehicle in an organized funeral procession, except where a passing lane has been specifically provided.
I. 
When an organized funeral procession is proceeding through a red signal light as permitted in this Section, a vehicle not in the organized funeral procession shall not enter the intersection unless such vehicle may do so without crossing the path of the funeral procession.
J. 
The use of a motorcycle utilizing flashing amber lights to escort an organized funeral procession on the highway is permitted.
K. 
Any person violating the provisions of this Section is guilty of an infraction which shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00).
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.120; Ord. No. 6219 §1 (part), 1999]
A. 
No driver of a vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising an authorized procession while they are in motion and when such vehicles are conspicuously designated as required by law. This provision shall not apply at intersections where traffic is controlled by traffic signals or Police Officers.
B. 
Each driver in a procession shall drive as near to the right-hand edge of the roadway as practicable and shall follow the vehicle ahead as close as is practicable and safe.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.130; Prior Code §21-90.2; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A funeral composed of a procession of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia or by such other method as may be determined and designated by the Chief of Police.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.040; Code 1950 §1001.40; Prior Code §21-23]
It is unlawful for any person to conduct or to take part in, upon the roadways of this City, any procession or parade comprising more than six (6) vehicles or a group of pedestrians more than eight (8) feet in width or more than forty (40) feet in length, under the direction of one (1) or more persons, except funeral processions, without first having obtained a permit from the Chief of Police designating the street or streets such procession shall traverse, and the hours of the day within which the same shall proceed, and such procession or parade shall be conducted only in conformance with the terms of such permit. The Chief of Police is authorized to issue such permits.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.200; Code 1950 §1001.46; Prior Code §21-95]
It is unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to drive the same when such vehicle is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat of such vehicle such number of persons as to obstruct the view of the operator to the front or sides or to interfere with the operator's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.150; Code 1950 §1001.43; Prior Code §21-92; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.190; Code 1950 §1404.14; Prior Code §21-94]
It is unlawful for any person willfully to drive, haul, or cause to be driven or hauled, any wagon, truck, cart or other heavy vehicle, whether empty or loaded, over, on or across any curb, gutter, tree lawn or sidewalk in any street, avenue, park, public place, plaza or square in the City without having first protected such curb, gutter, tree lawn, or sidewalk by bridging of planks or boards, or in other suitable and sufficient manner.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.170; Prior Code §21-93.1; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a motor vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.050; Code 1950 §1001.47; Prior Code §21-24; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
No person riding upon any bicycle, motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself/herself to any vehicle upon a roadway. Neither shall the driver of a vehicle knowingly pull a rider behind a vehicle.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.060; Code 1950 §1001.49; Prior Code §21-25]
It is unlawful for any person upon roller skates, or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle or similar device, to go upon any roadway except while crossing a street on a crosswalk or unless otherwise designated within the Code.
[R.O. 2011 §12.04.040; Prior Code §28-2.2; Ord. No. 5742 §2, 3-12-1990; Ord. No. 5997 §1, 1-9-1995]
A. 
No person on any sidewalk or in any pedestrian area in the Delmar Loop special business district shall:
1. 
Ride a bicycle, tricycle or unicycle;
2. 
Skate on roller skates or a skateboard;
3. 
Ski on a roller ski;
4. 
Operate or ride a play vehicle.
B. 
The Delmar Loop special business district is generally described as follows: Both sides of Delmar between Kingsland and the eastern municipal limits including all properties used for commercial purposes fronting on Kingsland, Enright, Leland, Melville, Westgate and Delmar.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.030; Code 1950 §1001.48; Prior Code §21-21; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two (2) persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator.
B. 
The operator of a motorized bicycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit more than one (1) person to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized bicycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person. Any motorized bicycle designed to carry more than one (1) person must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for the use of a passenger.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.010; Code 1950 §1001.51; Prior Code §21-69; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
Every person operating a motor vehicle on the roads and highways of this City shall drive the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner and at a rate of speed so as not to endanger the property of another or the life or limb of any person and shall exercise the highest degree of care.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.020; Code 1950 §1001.22; Prior Code §21-71]
It is unlawful for the operator of a vehicle at any time to drive the same over or through or within a safety zone as defined in this Title.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.230; Code 1950 §1001.53; Prior Code §21-98; Ord. No. 6192, 1999; Ord. No. 7037 § 1, 5-8-2017]
A. 
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to the limitations and exceptions hereinafter stated:
1. 
The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle; and
2. 
Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle and shall not increase the speed of such driver's vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
B. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass to the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
1. 
When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn;
2. 
Upon a City street with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two (2) or more lines of vehicles in each direction;
3. 
Upon a one-way street.
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under the foregoing conditions when such movement may be made in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the paved or main traveled portion of the roadway. The provisions of this Subsection shall not relieve the driver of a slow-moving vehicle from the duty to drive as closely as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway.
C. 
Except when a roadway has been divided into three (3) traffic lanes, no vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the centerline of a highway or public road in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.
D. 
No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
1. 
When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve of the highway where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction; and
2. 
When the view is obstructed upon approaching within one hundred (100) feet of any bridge, viaduct, tunnel or when approaching within one hundred (100) feet of or at any intersection or railroad grade crossing.
E. 
No vehicle, with the exception of emergency vehicles, shall at any time pass a Loop Trolley Car traveling in the same direction as the vehicle under the following conditions:
1. 
When any Loop Trolley Car has stopped for the purpose of taking on or discharging passengers, until the Loop Trolley Car has taken on or discharged all such passengers; and
2. 
The driver of a vehicle shall not stop more closely to the rear of the Loop Trolley Car than is reasonably safe and prudent, having due regard for the speed of the Loop Trolley Vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the roadway.
A vehicle may pass a Loop Trolley Car where a safety zone has been established and is properly marked.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.240; Prior Code §21-100; Ord. No. 3859 §1; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway, upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children and whose driver has in the manner prescribed by law given the signal to stop, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus and shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion, or until signaled by its driver to proceed.
B. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which is on a different roadway, or which is proceeding in the opposite direction on a highway containing four (4) or more lanes of traffic, or which is stopped in a loading zone constituting a part of, or adjacent to, a limited or controlled access highway at a point where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.
C. 
If any vehicle is witnessed by a Peace Officer or the driver of a school bus to have violated the provisions of this Section and the identity of the operator is not otherwise apparent, it shall be a rebuttable presumption that the person in whose name such vehicle is registered committed the violation. In the event that charges are filed against multiple owners of a motor vehicle, only one (1) of the owners may be convicted and court costs may be assessed against only one (1) of the owners. If the vehicle which is involved in the violation is registered in the name of a rental or leasing company and the vehicle is rented or leased to another person at the time of the violation, the rental or leasing company may rebut the presumption by providing the Peace Officer or prosecuting authority with a copy of the rental or lease agreement in effect at the time of the violation. No prosecuting authority may bring any legal proceedings against a rental or leasing company under this Section unless prior written notice of the violation has been given to that rental or leasing company by registered mail at the address appearing on the registration and the rental or leasing company has failed to provide the rental or lease agreement copy within fifteen (15) days of receipt of such notice.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.290; Code 1950 §1001.57; Prior Code §21-105; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of or turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and then only after the giving of an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein:
1. 
An operator or driver when stopping, or when checking the speed of the operator's vehicle, if the movement of other vehicles may reasonably be affected by such checking of speed, shall extend such operator's arm at an angle below horizontal so that the same may be seen in the rear of the vehicle.
2. 
An operator or driver intending to turn the operator's vehicle to the right shall extend such operator's arm at an angle as above horizontal so that the same may be seen in front of and in the rear of the vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting highway as near as practicable to the right side of the highway along which such operator is proceeding before turning.
3. 
An operator or driver intending to turn the operator's vehicle to the left shall extend such operator's arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in the rear of the vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting highway so that the left side of the vehicle shall be as near as practicable to the centerline of the highway along which the operator is proceeding before turning.
4. 
The signals herein required shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by a signal light or signal device in good mechanical condition of a type approved by the State Highway Patrol; however, when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle, then such signals shall be given by such light or device. A vehicle shall be considered as so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left outside limit of the body, cab or load exceeds twenty-four (24) inches, or when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load thereon exceeds fourteen (14) feet, which limit of fourteen (14) feet shall apply to single vehicles or combinations of vehicles. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to any trailer which does not interfere with a clear view of the hand signals of the operator or of the signaling device upon the vehicle pulling such trailer; provided further, that the provisions of this Section as far as mechanical devices on vehicles so constructed that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle as above provided shall only be applicable to new vehicles registered within this State after the first (1st) day of January, 1954.
[R.O. 2011 §10.28.040; Prior Code §21-50; Ord. No. 3859 §1; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear thereon a plainly visible sign containing the words "school bus" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height. Each bus shall have lettered on the rear in plain and distinct type the following: "State Law: Stop while bus is loading and unloading". Each school bus subject to the provisions of Sections 304.050 to 304.070, RSMo., shall be equipped with a mechanical and electrical signaling device approved by the State Board of Education, which will display a signal plainly visible from the front and rear and indicating intention to stop.
[R.O. 2011 §10.40.200; Prior Code §21-124; Ord. No. 3859 §1; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
Except as otherwise provided in Section 304.050, RSMo., the driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a street or highway shall activate the mechanical and electrical signaling devices, in the manner prescribed by the State Board of Education, to communicate to drivers of other vehicles that students are loading or unloading. A public school district shall have the authority pursuant to this Section to adopt a policy which provides that the driver of a school bus, in the process of loading or unloading students upon a divided highway or four (4) or more lanes, may pull off of the main roadway and load or unload students without activating the mechanical and electrical signaling devices in a manner which gives the signal for other drivers to stop and may use the amber signaling devices to alert motorists that the school bus is slowing to a stop; provided that the passengers are not required to cross any traffic lanes and also provided that the emergency flashing signal lights are activated in a manner which indicates that drivers should proceed with caution, and in such case, the driver of a vehicle may proceed past the school bus with due caution. No driver of a school bus shall take on or discharge passengers at any location upon a highway consisting of four (4) or more lanes of traffic, whether or not divided by a median or barrier, in such manner as to require the passengers to cross more than two (2) lanes of traffic; nor shall any passengers be taken on or discharged while the vehicle is upon the road or highway proper unless the vehicle so stopped is plainly visible for at least five hundred (500) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles in the case of a highway with no shoulder and a speed limit greater than sixty (60) miles per hour and at least three hundred (300) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles upon other highways, and on all highways, only for such time as is actually necessary to take on and discharge passengers.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.250; Code 1950 §1001.54; Prior Code §21-101; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
The driver of a vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonably safe and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the roadway. Vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be so operated, except in a funeral procession or in a duly authorized parade, so as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles as to enable any other vehicle to overtake or pass such vehicles in safety. This Section shall in no manner affect Section 304.044, RSMo., relating to distance between trucks traveling on the highway.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.260; Code 1950 §1001.55; Prior Code §21-102; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has entered the intersection from a different highway, provided however, there is no form of traffic control at such intersection.
B. 
When two (2) vehicles enter an intersection from different highways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the driver of the vehicle on the right. This Subsection shall not apply to vehicles approaching each other from opposite directions when the driver of one (1) of such vehicles is attempting to or is making a left turn.
C. 
The driver of a vehicle within an intersection intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.
D. 
The State Highways and Transportation Commission with reference to State highways and the Director of Public Works and Parks with reference to other highways under the City's jurisdiction may designate through highways and erect stop signs or yield signs at specified entrances thereto, or may designate any intersection as a stop intersection or as a yield intersection and erect stop signs or yield signs at one (1) or more entrances to such intersection.
E. 
Preferential right-of-way at an intersection may be indicated by stop signs or yield signs as authorized in this Section:
1. 
Except when directed to proceed by a Police Officer or traffic control signal, every driver of a vehicle approaching a stop intersection, indicated by a stop sign, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic in the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection. After having stopped, the driver shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle which has entered the intersection from another highway or which is approaching so closely on the highway as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time when such driver is moving across or within the intersection.
2. 
The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign shall in obedience to the sign slow down to a speed reasonable to the existing conditions and, if required for safety to stop, shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway. After slowing or stopping, the driver shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another highway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time such traffic is moving across or within the intersection.
F. 
The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a highway from an alley, building or any private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the highway to be entered.
G. 
The driver of a vehicle intending to make a left turn into an alley, private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction when the making of such left turn would create a traffic hazard.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.070; Code 1950 §1001.46; Prior Code §21-26]
It is unlawful for any passenger in a vehicle or streetcar to ride in such position as to interfere with the operator's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with the operator's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.220; Code 1950 §1001.52; Prior Code §21-97; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
All vehicles not in motion shall be placed with their right side as near the right-hand side of the highway as practicable, except on streets where vehicles are obliged to move in one (1) direction only or parking of motor vehicles is regulated by this Title.
B. 
Upon all public roads or highways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right-half of the roadway, except as follows:
1. 
When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction pursuant to the rules governing such movement;
2. 
When placing a vehicle in position for and when such vehicle is lawfully making a left turn in compliance with the provisions of this Title;
3. 
When the right-half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair;
4. 
Upon a roadway designated by Schedule IV as a one-way street and marked or signed for one-way traffic.
C. 
It is unlawful to drive any vehicle upon any highway or road which has been divided into two (2) or more roadways by means of a physical barrier or by means of a dividing section or delineated by curbs, lines or other markings on the roadway, except to the right of such barrier or dividing section, or to make any left turn or semi-circular or U-turn on any such divided highway, except in a crossover or intersection.
D. 
The authorities in charge of any highway or the State Highway Patrol may erect signs temporarily designating lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction, regardless of the centerline of the highway, and all members of the Missouri Highway Patrol and other Peace Officers may direct traffic in conformance with such signs. When authorized signs have been erected designating off-center traffic lanes, no person shall disobey the instructions given by such signs.
E. 
Whenever any roadway has been divided into three (3) or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:
1. 
A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.
2. 
Upon a roadway which is divided into three (3) lanes, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway ahead is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation.
3. 
Upon all highways any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic thereon shall be driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb, except as otherwise provided in this Title.
4. 
Upon State highways official signs may be erected by the State Highways and Transportation Commission or the State Highway Patrol may place temporary signs directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specific lanes to traffic moving in the same direction and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign.
5. 
Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right, and except when a roadway has been divided into traffic lanes, each driver shall give to the other at least one-half (½) of the main traveled portion of the roadway whenever possible.
F. 
All vehicles in motion upon a highway having two (2) or more lanes of traffic proceeding in the same direction shall be driven in the right-hand lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or when preparing to make a proper left turn or when otherwise directed by traffic markings, signs or signals.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.010; Code 1950 §1001.19; Prior Code §21-19]
It is unlawful for any person to solicit the privilege of watching or guarding a vehicle while parked on the streets of this City.
[R.O. 2011 §10.32.020; Code 1950 §1001.23; Prior Code §21-20]
It is unlawful for any person to ride on any streetcar or vehicle upon any portion thereof not designed or intended for the use of passengers when the vehicle is in motion. This provision shall not apply to an employee engaged in the necessary discharge of a duty, or to persons riding within truck bodies in space intended for merchandise.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.360; Prior Code §21-108.1; Ord. No. 4329 §1; Ord. No. 6192, 1999]
A. 
No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended in any public place, or on any used or new car lot, or parking lot without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the ignition key from the vehicle, effectively setting the brake thereon and when standing upon any grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway.
B. 
Whenever any Police Officer shall find a motor vehicle standing unattended with the ignition key in the vehicle in violation of this Section, such Police Officer is authorized to remove such key from such vehicle and to deliver such key to the Police Officer in charge of the nearest police station.
C. 
The registered owner of a vehicle found in violation of this Section shall be held prima facie responsible for any such violation.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.370; Ord. No. 6355 §1, 2002]
A. 
As used in this Section, the term "construction zone" or "work zone" means any area upon or around any highway, as defined in Section 300.010, which is visibly marked by the State Department of Transportation or City or a contractor performing work for the State Department of Transportation or City as an area where construction, maintenance, or other work is temporarily occurring. The term "work zone" or "construction zone" also includes the lanes of highway leading up to the area upon which an activity described in this Subsection is being performed, beginning at the point where appropriate signs directing motor vehicles to merge from one lane into another lane are posted.
B. 
Upon a conviction or a plea of guilty by any person for a violation of this Code, if such violation also is a moving violation as defined in Section 302.010, RSMo., or an offense listed in Section 302.302, RSMo., the court shall assess a fine of thirty-five dollars ($35.00) in addition to any other fine authorized to be imposed by law, if the violation occurred within a construction zone or work zone.
C. 
Upon a conviction or plea of guilty by any person for a speeding violation pursuant to Chapter 320, or a passing violation pursuant to Subsection (F) of this Section, the court shall assess a fine of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) in addition to any other fine authorized by law, if the violation occurred within a construction zone or a work zone and at the time the speeding or passing violation occurred there was any person in such zone who was there to perform duties related to the reason for which the area was designated a construction zone or work zone. However, no person assessed an additional fine pursuant to this Subsection shall also be assessed an additional fine pursuant to Subsection (B) of this Section, and no person shall be assessed an additional fine pursuant to this Subsection if no signs have been posted pursuant to Subsection (D) of this Section.
D. 
The penalty authorized by Subsection (C) of this Section shall only be assessed by the court if the State Department of Transportation or City or contractor performing work for the State Department of Transportation or City has erected signs upon or around a construction or work zone which are clearly visible from the highway and which state substantially the following message: "Warning: $250.00 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone".
E. 
During any day in which no person is present in a construction zone or work zone established pursuant to Subsection (C) of this Section to perform duties related to the purpose of the zone, the sign warning of additional penalties shall not be visible to motorists. During any period of two (2) hours or more in which no person is present in such zone on a day in which persons have been or will be present to perform duties related to the reason for which the area was designated as a construction zone or work zone, the sign warning of additional penalties shall not be visible to motorists. The State Department of Transportation or City or contractor performing work for the State Department of Transportation or City shall be responsible for compliance with provisions of this Subsection. Nothing in this Subsection shall prohibit warning or traffic control signs necessary for public safety in the construction or work zone being visible to motorists at all times.
F. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may not overtake or pass another motor vehicle within a work zone or construction zone. This Subsection applies to a construction zone or work zone located upon a highway divided into two (2) or more marked lanes for traffic moving in the same direction and for which motor vehicles are instructed to merge from one lane into another lane by an appropriate sign erected by the State Department of Transportation or City or a contractor performing work for the State Department of Transportation or City.
[R.O. 2011 §10.16.080; Code 1950 §1001.57; Prior Code §21-87]
No person shall operate or drive a vehicle used primarily for advertising purposes or display posters or placards or any article for the inspection of the public on such vehicle or as a part thereof within the City at a rate of speed less than six (6) miles per hour, and the operator of such vehicle shall move the same continuously and shall not stop the same except when ordered by any Police Officer or in obedience to traffic signals or signs.