Township of Aleppo, PA
Allegheny County
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A. 
Existing parking. Structures and uses in existence at the date of adoption of this chapter shall not be subject to the requirements of this article so long as the kind or extent of use is not changed, provided that any parking facilities now serving such structures or uses shall not in the future be reduced below such requirements.
B. 
Change in requirements. Whenever there is an alteration of a structure or a change or extension of a use which increases an existing structure, the total additional parking required for the alteration, change or extension shall be provided in addition to an adequate number of new spaces in order that the minimum standard for spaces is met for the entire area.
C. 
Conflict with other uses. No parking area shall be used for any use that interferes with its availability for the parking need it is required to serve, except that it may be used for a stormwater retention basin of a maximum depth of six inches.
D. 
Continuing character of obligation. All required facilities shall be provided and maintained so long as the use exists which the facilities were designed to serve. Off-street parking facilities shall not be reduced in total extent after their provision, except upon the approval of the Zoning Hearing Board, and then only after proof that, by reason of diminution in floor area, seating area, the number of employees, or change in other factors controlling the regulation of the number of parking spaces, such reduction is in conformity with the requirements of this article. Reasonable precautions shall be taken by the owner or sponsor of particular uses to assure the availability of required facilities for the employees or other persons whom the facilities are designed to serve. Such facilities shall be designed and used in such a manner as to at no time constitute a nuisance, a hazard, or an unreasonable impediment to traffic.
E. 
Joint use. Two or more uses may provide for required parking in a common parking lot if the total space provided is not less than the sum of the spaces required for each use individually. However, the number of spaces required in a common parking facility may be reduced below this total by special exception if it can be demonstrated to the Zoning Hearing Board that the hours or days of peak parking needed for the uses are so different that a lower total will provide adequately for all uses served by the facility. In any case, a reciprocal parking, ingress and egress agreement must be entered into by the landowners involved, and said agreement recorded prior to the issuance of an occupancy permit for either use.
F. 
Maintenance of parking area. For parking areas of three or more vehicles, the area not landscaped and so maintained, including driveways, shall be graded, surfaced with asphalt or other suitable material, and drained to the satisfaction of a professional engineer selected by the municipality to the extent necessary to prevent dust, erosion or excessive water flow across streets or adjoining property. Such off-street parking spaces shall be marked so as to indicate their location. Failure to keep parking areas in satisfactory condition, i.e., free from holes, shall be considered a violation of this chapter.
G. 
The following uses and minimum required parking spaces shall be applicable:
Authorized Land Use
Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirement
(number of spaces)
Residential Land Uses
Accessory uses
Not applicable
Bed-and-breakfast
1 per guest room, plus 2
Conversion of single-family structure to personal care home or day nursery
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 3 residents
Duplex dwelling
2 per dwelling unit
Granny flat/carriage house
1 per dwelling unit
Group care home
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 3 residents
Home occupation, low-impact
Not applicable
Home occupation, no-impact
Not applicable
Hotel/motel
1 per each guest room, plus 1 per 2 employees (Where lounge, restaurant, and meeting room uses are integral, minimum required parking shall be provided.)
Life care facility
1 per 3 beds of dwelling unit
Mixed-use apartment
1 per bedroom
Mobile home parks
2 per dwelling, plus supplemental parking ratio of 1:6 dwelling units to be centrally located
Multistory garden apartments
1 per bedroom
Nursing home
1 per 2 beds
Personal care home
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 3 residents
Planned residential development
2 per dwelling unit
Planned residential development - single-family detached units
2 per dwelling unit
Planned residential development - 50% single-family detached units
2 per dwelling unit
Single-family detached dwelling
2 per dwelling unit
Townhouse dwelling
2 spaces per dwelling unit and 0.5 visitor space per dwelling unit within 300 feet of each dwelling unit
Wind turbine, residential
Not applicable
Nonresidential Land Uses
Accessory uses, including but not limited to swimming pools and storage sheds
Not applicable
Accessory structure, commercial
Not applicable
Accessory structure or uses incidental to the permitted principal use, except exterior storage
Not applicable
Adult-oriented establishment
1 per 100 square feet
Agricultural support and accessory structures
Not applicable
Agricultural uses, traditional
Not applicable
Automobile/light truck repair
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Automobile sales
5 per each employee on the largest shift
Automobile service station
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area, 2 per each service bay, whichever is larger, plus 1 per employee (Spaces are not to be part of nor interfere with the accessways to the pumps.)
Cabinet or carpenter shop
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on the premises
Catering or food-delivery service
As determined by the Township
Cemetery or mausoleum
1 per employee and 1 per 4 visitors in total capacity of mausoleum, crematory or columbarium
Commercial school
1 per faculty member/employee, plus 1 per 3 nonresident students, plus 1 per 5 resident students if residents are permitted to have cars
Communications tower
Not applicable
Community center
1 per 4 seats or 1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area or use to customer patrons, clients, guest or members, whichever is greater, plus 1 per employee
Contractor shop
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on the premises
Convenience store
1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area of building
Day care
1 per teacher, administrator and employee
Day nursery
1 per employee and 1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area used or intended for use as a sale area
Emergency services
3 per 4 employees on 2 major shifts at maximum employment or 4 per each fire truck where no community room is part of the building, whichever requires a greater number of parking spaces
Where a community room is provided, 2 per each fire truck, plus 1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area
Equipment sales and rental (construction, industrial, agricultural)
1 per 250 square feet of indoor sales/office
Essential services
Not applicable
Financial establishments
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area or servicing customers, plus 1 per employee
Food and grocery store
1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area of building
Forestry
Not applicable
Gas (fuel/energy recharge) station
1 per service bay
Gas wells
See Appendix A[1]
Heavy equipment service and repair
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 250 square feet gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on the premises
Home improvement center
1 per 1,000 square feet of gross lease area
Kennels
1 per employee and 1 per 8 animals in capacity
Library
1 per 5 seats or 1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area
Light manufacturing
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on premises
Lumberyard
1 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Medical office
6 per doctor, plus 1 per employee
Municipal building/use
As determined by the Township
Office, business and professional (<5,000 square feet)
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Office, business and professional (>5,000 square feet)
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Parking lot, public
All shall meet the design standards as established in this article
Personal services
1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area of building
Pharmacy
1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area of building
Place of worship/assembly
1 per 2 seats provided for members or 1 per 25 square feet of gross floor area to serve members/guests, whichever is greater, plus 1 for each employee
Plant or produce sales
1 per 1,000 square feet of office area, plus 1 per 500 square feet of showroom
Private club
1 per 5 members of total capacity or 1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area or intended use for service to customers, patrons, clients, guests or members, whichever is greater, plus 1 per employee
Private garages and parking areas
Not applicable
Private recreation facility
As determined by the Township
Private utility
Not applicable
Public park or recreation facility
As determined by the Township
Public service
Not applicable
Public utility facilities
2, plus 1 per each employee normally in attendance
Recreational facility for private developments
1 per 5 persons of total designed capacity or 1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area or intended use for service to customers, patrons, clients, guests or members, whichever is greater, plus 1 per employee
Research laboratory
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 500 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on the premises
Restaurant, fast-food
1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area, whichever greater, plus 1 per employee on largest shift
Restaurant, sit-down
1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Restaurant, takeout
1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area, whichever greater, plus 1 per employee on largest shift
Retail center
1 per 250 square feet, or portion thereof, of gross leasable area up to 400,000 square feet, 4.5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area between 400,000 and 600,000
Retail stores, single or multiuser, up to 50,000 square feet
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area or servicing customers, plus 1 per employee
Retail stores, small-scale
Not applicable
School, private or public
1 per faculty member/employee, plus 1 per 2 classrooms and offices (K-10), 1 per 10 students (11-12)
Service business
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area or servicing customers, plus 1 per employee
Signs as provided for in Article XIII
Not applicable
Small appliance/mechanical repair
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 per employee
Stables
1 per employee and 1 per 4 animals in capacity
Storage yards
Not applicable
Theater
1 per 5 seats provided for visitor use
Veterinary
3 per each doctor, plus 1 per employee, plus 1 per 100 square feet of examination area
Warehouse, self-storage
1 per 20 storage units, plus 1 per employee on duty
Warehouse/distributor
3 per 4 employees on the largest shift or 1 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater, plus 1 per each company vehicle normally stored on premises
Wind turbine, other
Not applicable
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is on file in the Township offices.
The design standards specified below shall be required for all off-street parking facilities with a capacity of three or more vehicles built after the effective date of this chapter. Americans With Disabilities Act[1] requirements shall dictate the number and design of handicap spaces.
A. 
The minimum dimensions of stalls and aisles shall be as follows:
(1) 
Stall width shall be at least nine feet for all parking.
(2) 
Stall depth shall be at least 18 feet, with said dimensions measured on the angle for all angle parking and 22 feet for parallel parking.
(3) 
Minimum width of aisles providing access to stalls for one-way traffic only, varying with the angle of the parking, shall be:
Angle of Parking
Minimum Aisle Width
(feet)
Parallel
12
30°
14
45°
16
60°
20
90°
24
(4) 
Minimum width of aisles providing access to stalls for two-way traffic shall be 24 feet.
B. 
Parking areas shall be designed to permit each motor vehicle to proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring the moving of any other motor vehicles. Parking areas shall be graded to a maximum slope of 5%.
C. 
The width of entrance and exit drives shall be:
(1) 
A minimum of 12 feet for one-way use only.
(2) 
A minimum of 24 feet for two-way use.
(3) 
A maximum of 35 feet at the street line and 54 feet at the curbline.
D. 
For the purpose of servicing any property held under single and separate ownership, entrance and exit drives crossing the street line shall be limited to two along the frontage of any single street, and their center lines shall be spaced at 80 feet apart. On the corner properties, there shall be a space of a minimum of 60 feet, measured at the curbline, between the center line of any entrance or exit drive and the street line of the street parallel to said access drive.
E. 
In no case shall industrial or commercial parking areas be designed to require or to encourage cars to back into a public street in order to leave the lot.
F. 
All parking spaces and access drives shall be at least five feet from any side or rear lot line.
G. 
All parking areas for any purpose other than single-family or PRD residents shall be physically separated from any public street by a planting strip which shall be not less than five feet in depth. Tire bumpers or concrete curb shall be installed so as to prevent vehicle overhang of the sidewalk area. This planting strip shall be parallel to the street line and shall be measured from the right-of-way.
H. 
The applicant shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Township that all buildings shown on a land development plan can be adequately accessed by emergency firefighting vehicles and other emergency equipment. Emergency access shall be required for the purpose of positioning firefighting equipment or other emergency vehicles in relation to the building so that the equipment can be effectively used. Emergency access may be provided by means of a fire lane, a public or private street, a driveway or aisle in a parking area or an unobstructed landscaped area.
(1) 
Emergency access shall be provided on at least one side of each building. The Planning Commission may require emergency access to be provided on more than one side of a building, if warranted by site conditions and the layout of the land development plan.
(2) 
In the event that any applicant disagrees with the determination of the Planning Commission regarding the provision of emergency access, the applicant may appeal that determination to the Zoning Hearing Board.
I. 
Access driveways and streets.
(1) 
All required permits for state, county or local highways and roads must be obtained prior to final approval.
(2) 
Neither any driveway nor any junction or intersection of any streets shall be located within:
(a) 
Two hundred fifty feet of the end of any interstate highway ramp;
(b) 
One hundred fifty feet of the intersection of the right-of-way center lines of any state or local highway and any road intersecting therewith.
(3) 
Streets shall intersect at ninety-degree angles, except where topographic constraints prevent an appropriate alignment. Angles less than 90° may be designed, subject to the approval of the Aleppo Township Planning Commission. In no case shall proposed streets intersect at an angle of less than 75°.
(4) 
All streets, rights-of-way and pavement designs shall conform to the requirements adopted by the Board of Commissioners in effect at the time of construction.
J. 
Traffic control. No design shall be approved which is likely to create substantial traffic hazards endangering the public safety, nor which is inconsistent with the recommendations and findings of any officially adopted Township traffic study. Traffic control devices may include traffic signals, overhead flashing lights and delineators, such as medial barriers, and not be limited to acceleration and deceleration lanes, turning lanes, one-way traffic flow, traffic and lane markings and signs. The plan for traffic control shall provide off-site traffic flow and safety. The developer shall be responsible for the construction of any such traffic control devices.
K. 
Lighting of parking spaces shall be required for any purpose other than single-family dwellings.
(1) 
The maximum illumination value shall be 0.10 horizontal and vertical footcandles at all lot lines when measured three feet above the ground surface.
(2) 
The maximum on-site illumination value shall be three footcandles, and the average on-site illumination value shall be less than or equal to one footcandle when measured three above the ground surface.
(3) 
No more than 5% of the fixture's lumens shall be emitted at a ninety-degree angle or greater from nadir.
(4) 
All lighting fixtures used shall not exceed 35 feet in height.
L. 
All artificial lighting used to illuminate any parking space or spaces shall be so arranged that no direct rays from such lighting shall fall upon any neighboring property or streets. Sharp cutoff luminaries shall be used in all cases.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.
A. 
Areas provided for loading and unloading of delivery trucks and other vehicles and for the servicing of businesses by refuse collection, fuel and other service vehicles shall be located at the side or rear of all buildings, unless topographic constraints prevent their location, shall be adequate in size and shall be so arranged that they may be used without blockage or interference with the use of accessways or automobile parking facilities.
B. 
Off-street loading requirements as specified below shall be provided on any lot on which a building exceeding 6,000 square feet of gross floor area for business or industry is hereafter erected.
C. 
Every retail establishment, storage warehouse or wholesale establishment exceeding 6,000 square feet shall have at least one off-street loading space. Where there is an aggregate gross floor area of 20,000 square feet or more arranged, intended or designed for such use, there shall be provided off-street truck loading or unloading berths in accordance with the following table:
Square Feet of Aggregate Gross Floor Area Devoted to Each Use
Required Number of Berths
6,000 up to 19,999
1
20,000 up to 49,999
2
For each additional 50,000
1 additional berth
D. 
Every auditorium, multifamily dwelling of 20 units or more, nonmedical office building, restaurant, and hotel exceeding 6,000 square feet shall have at least one off-street loading space. Where there is an aggregate gross floor area of 30,000 square feet or more, arranged, intended or designed for such use, there shall be provided off-street truck loading and unloading berths in accordance with the following table:
Square Feet of Aggregate Gross Floor Area Devoted to Each Use
Required Number of Berths
6,000 up to 29,999
1
30,000 up to 49,999
2
For each additional 50,000
1 additional berth
A. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be designed to conform to the following specifications:
(1) 
Each required space shall be no less than 12 feet wide, 55 feet long and 17 feet high, exclusive of drives and maneuvering space, and located entirely on the lot being served.
(2) 
There shall be appropriate means of access to a street or alley, as well as adequate maneuvering space.
(3) 
The maximum width of driveways and sidewalk openings measured at the street line shall be 35 feet; the minimum width shall be 24 feet.
(4) 
All accessory driveways and entranceways shall be graded, surfaced and drained to the satisfaction of the Municipal Engineer, to the extent necessary to prevent nuisance of dust, erosion or excessive off-site water flow.
(5) 
Such facilities shall be designed and used in such a manner as to at no time constitute a nuisance, a hazard or an unreasonable impediment to traffic.
(6) 
The exterior lighting requirements of Article VI shall be met when applicable.
B. 
All required loading facilities shall be provided and maintained in accordance with the following requirements:
(1) 
They shall be provided and maintained as long as the use exists which the facilities were designed to serve.
(2) 
They shall not be reduced in total extent after their provision, except when such reduction is in conformity with the requirements of this article.
(3) 
Reasonable precautions shall be taken by the owner or sponsor of particular uses to assure the availability of required facilities to the delivery and pickup vehicles they are designed to serve.