Township of Aleppo, PA
Allegheny County
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The R-3 Rural Residential District is hereby established in order to provide for a variety of residential uses compatible with agricultural activities.
A lot or parcel may be used and a building or structure may be erected and used for any of the following purposes:
A. 
Principal uses:
(1) 
See Article III, Land Uses.
(2) 
Agricultural uses, traditional. This category of uses also includes plant nurseries, horticulture, pasturage, orchards, and forestry, subject to the following requirements:
(a) 
Lot area shall be a minimum of five acres.
(b) 
Pasturage shall not occur within 100 feet of an abutting property line.
(c) 
All support and accessory structures relative to this use category shall be considered as permitted uses, subject to the following:
[1] 
Structures for the storage of products grown on site shall be located not less than 100 feet from the closest existing off-site residential use.
[2] 
No stable or building providing shelter for animals shall be located less than 200 feet from any property line.
B. 
Accessory uses:
(1) 
Private garages and parking areas.
(2) 
Accessory uses incidental to a permitted principal use, including but not limited to swimming pools and storage sheds. All such uses shall be placed on the lot in conformance with those setbacks established for the principal use.
(3) 
Signs as provided for in Article XIII.
(4) 
Granny flat/carriage house.
A lot or parcel may be used and a building or structure may be erected and used for any of the following purposes, subject to the granting of a conditional use pursuant to procedures established by this chapter:
A. 
Duplex, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Lot width is a minimum of 100 feet.
(2) 
Structure coverage shall not exceed 35% of lot area.
B. 
Conversion of an existing single-family residential structure to accommodate a personal care home or a day nursery.
C. 
Group home, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Copies of all state and federal licenses and operating permits shall be supplied to the Township on an annual basis.
(2) 
Minimum lot area: 20,000 square feet.
(3) 
Public sanitary sewerage and water is required.
(4) 
Parking shall be provided at one space per three residents, plus one space for each employee on the largest shift.
(5) 
Parking areas shall be screened from adjacent lots with a fifty-percent-fifty-percent mix of deciduous and evergreen planting material to provide a year-round buffer yard.
D. 
Day nursery, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
This use must be conducted within a building designed as a single-family dwelling unit or in an existing structure used for religious purposes.
(2) 
Outdoor play areas shall be placed a minimum of 60 feet from an abutting property line, and a planting screen of varying heights (no less than four feet in height), plus consisting of a fifty-percent-fifty-percent mix of evergreens and deciduous trees, or opaque fencing, shall be installed to achieve an overall maximum transparency of 15%. Play areas shall be in rear or side yards.
(3) 
All state and federal regulations for licensing shall be met.
(4) 
Vehicles dropping off or picking up must be provided for on site and not in public rights-of-way.
E. 
Personal care home, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
No fewer than three nor more than eight residents shall be accommodated at all times.
(2) 
One nonclient adult supervisor shall be on the premises at all times.
(3) 
All state and federal guidelines for licensing shall be met.
(4) 
Conversion of an existing structure for this use must meet development standards for new construction.
(5) 
The name and telephone number of the organization or person in charge of the operation of this use must be supplied to the Township.
F. 
Boardinghouse, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Converted single-family houses must meet minimum building code specification for multiple uses.
(2) 
Parking must be provided as per Article IV.
G. 
Mobile home parks, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
All land included in this use category must be in single ownership per specific site.
(2) 
Applicable subdivision regulations shall be complied with.
(3) 
Minimum area for a mobile home park is 10 acres.
(4) 
Public sanitary sewerage shall be required.
(5) 
Records of rental and/or lease arrangements for units or land within the mobile home park shall be submitted to the Township annually.
(6) 
A concrete pad five inches in depth, with a minimum of six tie-downs, shall be provided per mobile home unit.
(7) 
Minimum yards for each home site shall be as follows:
(a) 
Front yard: 25 feet.
(b) 
Side yard: 10 feet.
(c) 
Rear yard: 20 feet.
(8) 
All mobile homes shall be provided with skirting between the bottom of the mobile home floor and grade level around the entire perimeter of the unit.
(9) 
A minimum of nine lots shall be improved as required prior to the installation of any mobile home unit.
H. 
Public park or recreation facility, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Adequate provision for interior circulation and access must be demonstrated.
(2) 
Exterior lighting must be installed with no impact of glare on adjacent lots.
(3) 
The perimeter of an outdoor recreation area shall be screened with natural plantings or fencing a minimum of four feet in height and with a maximum of 15% transparency.
I. 
Private recreation facility, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
For the purposes of this section, private recreation shall be limited to the following:
(a) 
Racquetball or tennis club.
(b) 
Health spa or gymnasium.
(c) 
Indoor swimming pool.
(2) 
Compliance with all land development criteria shall be a prerequisite for building permit issuance.
(3) 
A twenty-foot-deep buffer yard shall be provided along the entire length of any property line abutting a developed residential lot. A planting screen of varying heights (no less than four feet in height), plus consisting of a fifty-percent-fifty-percent mix of evergreens and deciduous trees, or opaque fencing, shall be installed within said buffer yard to achieve an overall maximum transparency of 15%.
J. 
Veterinary.
(1) 
No outdoor pens, kennels or runs shall be constructed or provided.
(2) 
Noise shall not exceed the levels deemed acceptable by the performance standards of this chapter.
(3) 
Hours of operation shall be limited to between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.
(4) 
Parking areas for veterinary services not adjacent to an arterial road shall be limited to a maximum of six parking spaces.
K. 
Kennels, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
The minimum lot area shall be five acres.
(2) 
Any exterior fenced area wherein animals exercise or are otherwise exposed must be located a minimum of 100 feet from any lot boundary line.
(3) 
The perimeter of the exterior exercise area must be fenced with weatherproof material, a minimum of five feet in height, accessible only through a self-latching gate.
(4) 
Any structure used to house animals shall be equipped with BOCA Code approved nontoxic noise-dampening material or acoustic tile.
(5) 
No kennel may be established within 1/2 of a mile of an existing kennel.
L. 
Stables, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Minimum lot area shall be five acres.
(2) 
No shelter used to house animals shall be located closer than 200 feet to any lot boundary line.
M. 
Home occupation, low-impact, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Such use shall be located within the dwelling unit of the person providing the professional and personal services and shall be clearly incidental to the structure's use as a residence.
(2) 
Not more than 10% of the square footage of the principal use shall be devoted to the accessory nonmedical office use.
(3) 
Signs shall be permitted in accordance with Article XIII.
N. 
Public utility facility, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
For the purposes of this section, public utility facilities shall not include incinerators or public or private landfills.
(2) 
It shall be demonstrated that the site chosen for said facility is the site best suited for the purpose intended.
(3) 
All sites must be screened with a mixture of high- and low-level plantings from six feet to three feet in height around the entire perimeter within a twenty-five-foot-wide buffer yard.
(4) 
No nonmedical office, storage building or exterior storage yard shall be operated in conjunction with the utility facility.
(5) 
Treatment of sanitary sewage shall be prohibited.
(6) 
Transmission towers shall be prohibited.
O. 
Private utility, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
The utility facility must be contained on a recorded lot and cannot be placed in an area of a subdivision intended for open space.
(2) 
Structures and facilities shall be sited to create the least damage to the environment.
(3) 
A buffer yard and screening shall be provided that will adequately shield the use from the view of any street or residentially zoned land. Screening shall consist of natural plantings or fencing a minimum of four feet in height and with a maximum of 15% transparency to adequately screen the use from view.
(4) 
Parking and storage areas shall be set back from property lines abutting residentially zoned land a minimum of 30 feet and shall be screened with natural plantings or fencing a minimum of four feet in height and with a maximum of 15% transparency in order to minimize impact of the view from any adjacent residential property or those directly across a street.
(5) 
Normally overhead lines and related equipment may be required to be placed underground in whole or in part of the length of the right-of-way.
(6) 
In order to ensure the compatibility of proposed buildings with surrounding development in the district, building character shall be complimentary to surrounding properties.
P. 
Wind turbine, residential. Windmills, windwheels, or wind-energy conversion systems (WECS) for residential purposes shall be permitted as accessory uses, subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
No said systems or equipment shall be erected in a front yard or within the area between a front lot line and the front building facade of the principal building on the lot.
(2) 
The structure supporting the wind rotor unit, including any necessary guideposts and supporting cables, shall be independent of any occupied structure and located a minimum distance of the tower height plus 10 feet from any occupied dwelling, and shall not be more than 45 feet in height.
(3) 
The minimum distance between the tower and any lot line shall be not less than twice the height of the tower.
(4) 
The minimum distance between grade and the lowest point of the rotor blade shall be 20 feet.
(5) 
All electric lines/utility wires shall be buried underground.
(6) 
Any mechanical equipment associated and necessary for operation, including a building for batteries and storage cells, shall be enclosed by a six-foot fence with screening planting of equal or greater height and a maximum of 15% transparency. When a building is necessary for storage cells or related mechanical equipment, the building shall not exceed 140 square feet.
(7) 
One windmill, windwheel or WECS shall be permitted per lot.
(8) 
The resultant energy harnessed from the wind shall not be used on property other than that on which located, unless all applicable cogeneration requirements are met.
(9) 
The supporting structure and generating unit shall be kept in good repair and sound condition. Upon abandonment of use, the supporting structure and related structures shall be dismantled and removed from the property within 60 days.
(10) 
The applicant shall demonstrate that any noise from the wind-generating unit shall not exceed 45 dBA measured at the lot line.
(a) 
A "decibel" shall mean a unit for measuring the relative intensity of sounds; more specifically, a unit for expressing the ratio of two amounts of acoustic signal power equal to 10 times the common logarithm of this ratio.
(b) 
A "weighted" sound level shall mean the total sound level in decibels of all sound as measured with a sound-level meter with a reference pressure of 20 micropascals using the A-weighted network (scale) at slow response. The unit of measurement shall be defined as dBA.
Q. 
Community centers, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Adequate provision for interior circulation and access must be demonstrated.
(2) 
Exterior lighting must be installed with no impact of glare on adjacent lots.
(3) 
The perimeter of an outdoor recreation area shall be screened with natural plantings or fencing a minimum of four feet in height and with a maximum of 15% transparency.
See § 400-10G.
A. 
All permitted principal and conditional uses shall be conducted on lots with a minimum area of 1/2 acre (21,780 square feet) if said use is connected to a public sanitary sewer, except as otherwise specified.
B. 
All permitted principal and conditional uses shall be conducted on lot with a minimum area of one acre (43,560 square feet) if said use is not connected to a public sanitary sewer, except as otherwise specified.
C. 
Yard dimensions. All distances are to be measured to the face of the structure on the lot, relative to its orientation.
(1) 
Front yard: 50 feet from the right-of-way line.
(2) 
Side yard: 15 feet from the closest point of the abutting property line.
(3) 
Rear yard: 40 feet from the closest point of the rear property line or right-of-way line.
D. 
Lot width.
(1) 
One hundred feet at the building line for single-family lots.
(2) 
One hundred twenty feet at the building line for duplex lots.
E. 
Building height.
(1) 
One story above grade: 20 feet maximum to peak of roof.
(2) 
Two stories above grade: 30 feet maximum to peak of roof.
(3) 
Three stories above grade: 40 feet maximum to peak of roof.
(4) 
Accessory structures shall not exceed the permitted height of the principal structure.
F. 
Bulk. No structure, or combination of structures (principal and/or accessory), shall be permitted to exceed the following percentages of the lot area:
(1) 
Single-family residence: 30%.
(2) 
Duplex: 40%.
G. 
Architectural projections. No ease, cornice, chimney, bay window, stair landing or other structural attachment shall project more than 36 inches into any required yard.
H. 
Gross density. Where a group of multifamily dwellings or a mobile home park is proposed, the maximum number of dwelling units per acre shall not exceed the following:
(1) 
Duplex: four units.
(2) 
Mobile home park: six units.
Environmental impact regulations for the R-3 Rural Residential District are contained in Article VI.
All permits for construction, use and occupancy of structures and for the use and occupancy of land in this district are required in accordance with procedures outlined in Article XVII.