Village of Bannockburn, IL
Lake County
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A. 
Planning studies have indicated population will increase due principally to subdivision and planned unit development of vacant land within the jurisdiction of the Village of Bannockburn.
[Amended 5-22-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-12]
B. 
Planning studies have indicated that this population growth will accelerate during the next 10 years, resulting in the rapid disappearance of available land and the marked increase in land values.
C. 
The Village has found that healthful, productive community life depends in part on the availability of adequate school facilities.
D. 
It is hereby found and determined that the public interest, convenience, health, welfare and safety require the establishment of school sites within the jurisdiction of the Village in accordance with the following criteria, which are consistent with the minimum site recommendations of the Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the school district operation within the jurisdiction of the Village:
Type of School
Minimum Site Size
(acres)
Acres Required Over Minimum Size
Approximate Number of Pupils in Each School
Acres Per Site
Elementary (K-6)
4
1 acre per 100 students
600
10
Junior High (7-9)
10
1 acre per 100 students
1,200
22
E. 
Studies of the residential portions of a proposed subdivision or planned unit development can be readily and scientifically conducted to determine the number of elementary school age children and adults to be generated therefrom, and provide a method whereby the required dedications of land directly attributable to the activity of the subdivider-developer and the proposed subdivision or planned unit development may be calculated.
[Amended 5-22-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-12]
F. 
It has been found and determined that the locations of school sites to serve the immediate and future needs of residents and children of each new subdivision or planned unit development as are streets, water, etc., and to that end the Village has determined that the dedication of funds for school contributions in lieu of actual land dedication (where the latter is deemed impractical), or a combination of both, shall be required of each subdivider or developer of a planned unit development.
[Amended 5-22-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-12]
[Amended 5-22-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-12]
As a condition of approval of a final plat of subdivision, or of a final plat of a planned unit development, each subdivider or developer will be required to dedicate land for school sites, to serve the immediate and future needs of the residents of the development, or cash contributions in lieu of actual land dedication, or a combination of both, at the option of the Village, in accordance with the following criteria and formula:
A. 
Requirement and population ratio. The ultimate number of students to be generated by a subdivision or planned unit development shall bear directly upon the amount of land required to be dedicated for school sites.
(1) 
The land dedication requirement shall be determined by obtaining the ratio of:
(a) 
Estimated children to be served in each such school classification over the
(b) 
Maximum recommended number of students to be served in each such school classification as stated herein, and then applying such ratio to the
(c) 
Recommended number of acres for a school site of each such school classification as stated herein.
(2) 
The product thereof shall be the acres of land deemed needed to have sufficient land for school sites to serve the estimated increased children in each such school classification.
B. 
School classification and size of school site. School classifications and the size of school sites within the jurisdiction of the Village shall be determined in accordance with the following criteria:
School Type
Minimum Site Size
(acres)
Acres Required Over Minimum Size
Approximate Number of Pupils Per School
Acres Per Site
Elementary (K-6)
4
1 acre per 100 students
600
10
Junior High (7-9)
10
1 acre per 100 students
1,200
22
C. 
Location. The Comprehensive School Plan and/or the standards adopted by the Board of Education of School District 106 shall be used as a guideline in locating sites.
D. 
Criteria for requiring a contribution in lieu of school sites. Where the development is small and the resulting site is too small to be practical or when the available land is inappropriate for a school site, the Village shall require the subdivider or developer to pay a cash contribution in lieu of land dedication required. The cash contributions in lieu of school sites shall be held in trust by the school district, solely for use in the acquisition of land for a school site to serve the immediate or future needs of children from that subdivision or development or to the improvement of any existing school site which already serves such needs, which includes school buildings or other infrastructure necessitated and specifically and uniquely attributed to the development or subdivision in question, as well as any other purpose authorized by law. If any portion of a cash contribution in lieu of a school site is not expended for the purposes set forth herein within seven years from the date of receipt, it shall be refunded to the developer who made such contribution.
(1) 
Fair market value. The cash contributions in lieu of land shall be based on the "fair market value" of the acres of land improved as specified herein that otherwise would have been dedicated as school sites. It has been determined that the present fair market value of such improved land in and surrounding the Village is $500,000 per acre, and such figure shall be used in making any calculation herein unless the subdivider or developer files a written objection thereto. In the event of any such objection, the developer shall submit an appraisal showing the fair market value of such improved land in the area of his or her development or other evidence thereof, and final determination of said fair market value per acre of such improved land shall be made by the Village Board, by the school district or others.
(2) 
Criteria for requiring dedication or a fee. There will be situations in subdivisions or planned unit developments when a combination of land dedication and a contribution in lieu of land are both necessary. These occasions will arise when:
(a) 
Only a portion of the land to be developed is proposed as the location for a school site. That portion of the land within the subdivision falling within the school location shall be dedicated as a site as aforesaid, and a cash contribution in lieu thereof shall be required for any additional land that would have been required to be dedicated; or
(b) 
A major part of the school site has already been acquired and only a small portion of land is needed from the development to complete the site. The remaining portions shall be required by dedication, and a cash contribution in lieu thereof shall be required.
(3) 
Density formula. The table of population density included as an attachment to this chapter is generally indicative of current and short-range projected trends in family size for new construction and shall be used in calculating the amount of required dedication of acres of land or the cash contributions in lieu thereof unless a written objection is filed thereto by the subdivider or developer. In the event a subdivider or developer files a written objection to the Table of Estimated Ultimate Population listed herein, he or she shall submit his or her own demographic study showing the estimated additional population to be generated from the subdivision or planned unit development, and in that event final determination of the density formula to be used in such calculations shall be made by the Village Board based upon such demographic information submitted by the subdivider or developer and from other sources which may be submitted to the Village Board by the school district or others. It is recognized that population density, age distribution and local conditions change over the years, and the specific formula for the dedication of land, or the payment of fees in lieu thereof, as stated herein, is subject to periodic review and amendment if necessary.
(4) 
Reservation of additional land. Where the Comprehensive Plan of the school district or the standards of the Village call for a larger amount of land for school sites in a particular subdivision or planned unit development than the developer is required to dedicate, the land needed beyond the developer's contribution shall be reserved for subsequent purchase by the Village or other public body designated by the Village, provided that such acquisition is made within one year from the date of approval of the final plat.
(5) 
Combining the adjoining developments. Where the subdivision or planned unit development is less than 20 acres, a school site which is to be dedicated should, where possible, be combined with dedications from adjoining developments in order to produce a usable school site without hardship on a particular developer.
(6) 
Topography and grading. The slope, topography and geology of the dedicated site as well as its surroundings must be suitable for its intended purposes. Grading on sites dedicated for schools shall not differ greatly from surrounding land.
(7) 
Improved sites. All sites shall be dedicated in a condition ready for full service of electrical, water, sewer and streets (including enclosed drainage and curb and gutter) as applicable to the location of the site, or acceptable provision or alternate made therefor. The sidewalks and trees normally included within the definition of "improved" sites may be deleted due to the delay time between dedication of any such school site and construction of school facilities thereon.
The dedication of land or cash contributions in lieu thereof required by this chapter shall also be required as a condition to the annexation of any land to the Village and provisions therefor shall be incorporated in any pre-annexation agreement governing such land.