City of Oakland, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[CC 1997 §15-1; Ord. No. 173 §1, 7-9-1956]
It shall be unlawful for any person to have, keep, maintain, cause or permit within the City any collection of standing or flowing water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed, unless such collection of water is treated so as effectually to prevent such breeding.
[CC 1997 §15-2; Ord. No. 173 §2, 7-9-1956]
Collections of water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed are those contained in ditches, ponds, pools, excavations, holes, depressions, open cesspools, privy vaults, fountains, cisterns, tanks, shallow wells, barrels, troughs (except horse troughs in frequent use), urns, cans, boxes, bottles, tubs, buckets, defective house roof, gutters, tanks of flush closets or other water containers.
[CC 1997 §15-3; Ord. No. 173 §3, 7-9-1956]
The natural presence of mosquito larvae in standing or running water shall be evidence that mosquitoes are breeding there.
[CC 1997 §15-4; Ord. No. 173 §4, 7-9-1956]
A. 
Collections of water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed shall be treated by such one (1) or more of the following methods as shall be approved by the Health Officer:
1. 
Screening with wire netting of at least sixteen (16) meshes to the inch each way or any other material which will effectually prevent the ingress or egress of mosquitoes.
2. 
Complete emptying every seven (7) days of unscreened containers, together with their thorough drying or cleaning.
3. 
Using a larvicide approved and applied under the direction of the Health Officer.
4. 
Covering completely the surface of the water with kerosene, petroleum or paraffin oil once every seven (7) days.
5. 
Cleaning and keeping sufficiently free of vegetable growth and other obstructions and stocking with mosquito destroying fish.
6. 
Filling or draining to the satisfaction of the Health Officer.
7. 
Proper disposal, by removal or destruction, of tin cans, tin boxes, broken or empty bottles and other articles likely to hold water.
[CC 1997 §15-5; Ord. No. 173 §5, 7-9-1956]
In case the person responsible for the condition of premises on which mosquitoes breed, or are likely to breed, fails or refuses to take necessary measures to prevent their breeding within three (3) days after notice in writing has been given him/her by the Health Officer or within such longer time after such notice as may be specified in the notice, the person responsible shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; and for each day after the expiration of three (3) days from the day on which such notice is given him/her or for each day after the expiration of the time specified in the notice, as the case may be, that the person responsible shall be deemed guilty of a separate misdemeanor and in case of such failure or refusal of the person responsible, the Health Commissioner is authorized to take necessary measures to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes and all necessary costs incurred by the Health Commissioner for that purpose shall be a charge against the person responsible.
[CC 1997 §15-6; Ord. No. 173 §6, 7-9-1956]
For the purpose of this Chapter, the person responsible for the condition of any premises is the person using or occupying the premises; the person who, by law, is entitled to the immediate possession of the same; or, in case the premises are used or occupied by two (2) or more tenants of a common landlord or farm grounds appurtenant to a house occupied by two (2) or more tenants of a common landlord, then the landlord. Each tenant, however, is responsible for that part of the premises which he/she occupies to the exclusion of the other tenants; provided, that in case the premises are occupied by a tenant under a yearly or monthly tenancy or under a lease for not more than a year or under any lease whereby the lessor is expressly or impliedly obligated to keep the premises in repairs and the collection of standing or flowing water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed is owing to the disrepair of the building or to any natural quality of the premises or to any condition that existed at the time when the tenant entered into possession or to anything done on the premises by the landlord during the existence of the tenancy or lease, then and in such case the landlord is the person responsible; provided further, that any person who has caused to exist on any premises of which he/she is not the owner, landlord, occupant or tenant any collection of water in which mosquitoes breed or are likely to breed is responsible, as well as the owner, landlord, tenant or occupant, as the case may be.