City of Fredericksburg, VA
Spotsylvania County County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

72-32.1 Commercial/Office-Transitional District.

[Amended 2-11-2014 by Ord. No. 14-09]
A. 
Purpose. The Commercial/Office-transitional (C-T) District is established to provide for the location of predominantly nonresidential commercial uses in a low-intensity manner such that they can be employed as transitional land uses between residential neighborhoods and higher-intensity uses.
[Amended 10-27-2015 by Ord. No. 15-25]
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
Residential
Mixed-Use
Nonresidential
Residential Density, Maximum
8
12
N/A
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
N/A
0.70
0.50
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
20,000
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
100
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
20
Side Setback, Minimum (feet)
10
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
15
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
20%
Height, Maximum (feet)
40
C. 
Additional regulations.
[Amended 10-27-2015 by Ord. No. 15-25; 1-26-2016 by Ord. No. 16-01]
(1) 
The front of the principal building shall face the front yard. On a corner lot, the front of the principal building may face either front yard.
(2) 
Residential development shall conform to the dimensional standards of the R-8 Zoning District.
(3) 
Residential development in a mixed-use project shall conform to the dimensional standards of the R-12 Zoning District.
(4) 
At least 30% of the ground floor of a mixed-use development shall be used for retail, eating or personal services establishments.
(5) 
The gross floor area of the ground floors of all buildings on a mixed-use general development plan that are used for retail sales, eating, or personal services establishments shall not be included in the determination of maximum FAR.
(6) 
For lots of record established before April 25, 1984, front yard setbacks shall be established using the infill calculations in § 72-84.4B(2).
(7) 
For lots of record established before April 25, 1984, side yard setbacks may be reduced using the rules in § 72-84.4B(2); but each side yard shall be no less than two feet. Side yard setbacks for lots within the Old and Historic Fredericksburg Overlay District shall be determined through the certificate of appropriateness process.
(8) 
A twenty-foot-wide landscaped perimeter buffer shall be provided around the front, side, or rear perimeter of a development when the Zoning Administrator determines it is necessary to protect existing adjacent development from adverse visual impacts or to present an appearance compatible with an established pattern of adjacent development.
(9) 
Except for outdoor eating areas at eating establishments, indoor/outdoor, all business and storage shall be conducted within a completely enclosed principal structure, unless approved through a special use permit.
(10) 
Service of alcoholic beverages under an ABC retail on-premises license is permitted only as a special use.

72-32.2 Commercial-Downtown District.

[Amended 3-25-2014 by Ord. No. 14-14; 3-25-2014 by Ord. No. 14-15]
A. 
Purpose. The Commercial-Downtown (C-D) District is established to promote harmonious development, redevelopment, and rehabilitation of uses in the commercial areas of the Old and Historic Fredericksburg (HFD) Overlay District. The regulations of this district are intended to implement the goals of the Comprehensive Plan for historic district development while encouraging mixed uses in the downtown area. The emphasis in site planning is to be placed upon enhancing pedestrian circulation, minimizing vehicular and pedestrian access conflicts among uses, respecting the geometry of the downtown streetscape, and maintaining continuity with the architectural precedents of the historic area. Outdoor storage is prohibited in the district.
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
Residential
Mixed-Use
Nonresidential
Residential Density, Maximum
12 single-family attached or detached by right
24 by right or 36 by special use permit
18 multifamily
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
N/A
3.0
2.5
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
Commercial lot areas shall generally conform to the areas of existing lots in the commercial portions of the HFD Overlay District; otherwise, none
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
None
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
Conform to the front yard setbacks of adjacent structures
Side Setback, Minimum (feet)
15 when adjacent to a residential district; otherwise, none
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
25 when adjacent to a residential district; otherwise, none
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
None
Height, Maximum (feet)
50
50
50
C. 
Mixed-use regulations.
(1) 
At least 30% of the gross floor area of the ground floor of a mixed-use structure shall be devoted to a commercial use or uses; except this number is reduced to 15% for a mixed-use structure located in the one-hundred-year floodplain. For structures with a front or side façade on William or Caroline Street, the minimum commercial use requirement shall be met by one or more retail sales, eating, or personal services establishments uses. The gross ground-floor area devoted to a commercial use or uses shall not be included in the determination of the structure's floor area ratio.
(2) 
At least 25% of the total gross floor area of a mixed-use structure, or of all structures on a mixed-use site, shall be devoted to either residential or nonresidential uses. This requirement, however, does not apply to a mixed-use structure that includes a residential use, with a residential density of 24 units per acre or less.

72-32.3 Commercial-Shopping Center District.

A. 
Purpose. The Commercial-Shopping Center (C-SC) District is established to provide locations for community and neighborhood retail commercial and service uses in planned shopping centers. The application of this division is intended for areas which will provide for orderly facility development, minimize traffic congestion, permit one-stop and comparison shopping, and provide for safe pedestrian movement. Typical uses found in the C-SC District include supermarkets, drugstores, variety department stores, specialty stores, movie theaters, personal service establishments, and small professional offices in limited number. Outdoor storage and display is permitted only in those areas approved for such uses on the site plan.
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
Residential
Nonresidential
Residential Density, Maximum
12
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
N/A
0.50
District Size, Minimum (acres)
5
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
40,000
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
200
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
30
Side Setback, Minimum (feet)
20
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
30
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
15%
Height, Maximum (feet)
40
C. 
Additional regulations.
(1) 
Residential development shall conform to R-12 Zoning District dimensional standards.
(2) 
All nonresidential buildings shall be set back at least 40 feet from any front, side, or rear lot line adjoining land in a Residential, Planned Development Residential, or Commercial/Office Transitional Zoning District. A thirty-foot-wide landscaping buffer shall be provided. The Zoning Administrator may also require a fence or wall upon a determination that the development will have an adverse impact on adjacent land.

72-32.4 Commercial-Highway District.

A. 
Purpose. The Commercial-Highway (C-H) District is established to provide locations on heavily traveled collector and arterial highways for those commercial and service uses which are oriented to the automobile and require good access but not dependence on adjacent uses or pedestrian trade. The district shall generally be considered inappropriate in those parts of the City where individual uses can be grouped in preplanned concentrations and in newly developing areas, such as those in areas that have been annexed to the City. Adequate transportation and site planning of uses should have the goal of minimizing through-traffic movements. Outdoor storage and display is permitted only in those areas approved for such uses on the site plan. Uses engaged in fuel sales must store fuel underground.
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
Residential
Nonresidential
Residential Density, Maximum
12
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
N/A
0.70
District Size, Minimum (acres)
None
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
20,000
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
150
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
25
Side Setback, Minimum (feet)
15
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
20
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
15%
Height, Maximum (feet)
40
C. 
Additional regulations.
(1) 
Residential development shall conform to R-12 Zoning District dimensional standards.
(2) 
All nonresidential buildings shall be set back at least 40 feet from any front, side, or rear lot line adjoining land in a Residential, Planned Development Residential, or Commercial/Office Transitional Zoning District. A thirty-foot-wide landscaping buffer shall be provided. The Zoning Administrator may also require a fence or wall upon a determination that the development will have an adverse impact on adjacent land.

72-32.5 Light Intensity Industrial District.

A. 
Purpose. The Light Intensity Industrial (I-1) District is established to provide areas for a broad range of clean industries operating under high-performance standards. The district is designed to encourage light-intensity uses in low-density, well-landscaped industrial park settings with dustless, surfaced driveways and walks which are compatible with all types of adjacent uses and afford maximum protection to surrounding properties. Outdoor operations or storage of materials is prohibited.
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
All Users
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
0.50
District Size, Minimum (acres)
5
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
30,000
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
100
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
50
Side Setback, Minimum (feet)
25; 40 when abutting a public right-of-way or a zoning district other than I2
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
25; 40 when abutting a public right-of-way or a zoning district other than I2
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
20%
Height, Maximum (feet)
50
C. 
Additional regulations.
(1) 
There is no required side or rear setback from a railroad right-of-way.

72-32.6 General Industrial District.

A. 
Purpose. The General Industrial (I-2) District is established to provide for medium to heavy industrial land uses in areas of the City appropriate to adequately serve the physical, transportation access, and environmental impacts of such industrial development. Outdoor storage areas shall be screened where visible from off-site areas.
B. 
Dimensional standards.
Standard
All Uses
Nonresidential FAR, Maximum
1.00
District Size, Minimum (acres)
2
Lot Area, Minimum (square feet)
20,000
Lot Width, Minimum (feet)
100
Front Setback, Minimum (feet)
50
Side setback, Minimum (feet)
0; 50 when abutting a public right-of-way; 60 when abutting a zoning district other than I2
Rear Setback, Minimum (feet)
0; 50 when abutting a public right-of-way; 60 when abutting a zoning district other than I2
Open Space Set-Aside, Minimum (%)
10
Height, Maximum (feet)
50
C. 
Additional regulations.
(1) 
There is no required side or rear setback from a railroad right-of-way.
(2) 
The maximum height may be increased to 90 feet by special use permit.