City of Oak Grove, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The City Traffic Engineer shall place and maintain traffic control signs, signals and devices when and as required under the traffic ordinances of the City to make effective the provisions of said ordinances and may place and maintain such additional traffic control devices as he/she may deem necessary to regulate traffic under the traffic ordinances of the City or under State law or to guide or warn traffic.
All traffic control signs, signals and devices shall conform to the manual and specifications approved by the State Highways and Transportation Commission or resolution adopted by the Board of Aldermen of the City. All signs or signals required hereunder for a particular purpose shall so far as practicable be uniform as to type and location throughout the City. All traffic control devices so erected and not inconsistent with the provisions of this Title shall be official traffic control devices.
The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device applicable thereto placed in accordance with the provisions of this Title, unless otherwise directed by a traffic or Police Officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle in this Title.
No provision of this Title for which official traffic control devices are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular Section does not state that official traffic control devices are required, such Section shall be effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
A. 
Whenever official traffic control devices are placed in position approximately conforming to the requirements of this Title, such devices shall be presumed to have been so placed by the official act or direction of lawful authority, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
B. 
Any official traffic control device placed pursuant to the provisions of this Title and purporting to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such devices shall be presumed to comply with the requirements of this Title, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
[Ord. No. 1594 §2, 3-3-2008]
A. 
Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic control signals exhibiting different colored lights or colored lighted arrows, successively one (1) at a time or in combination, only the colors green, red and yellow shall be used except for special pedestrian signals carrying a word legend, and said lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
1. 
Green indication.
a. 
Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either such turn. But vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time such signal is exhibited.
b. 
Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
c. 
Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal as provided in Section 315.070, pedestrians facing any green signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
2. 
Steady yellow indication.
a. 
Vehicular traffic facing a steady yellow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter when vehicular traffic shall not enter the intersection.
b. 
Pedestrians facing a steady yellow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal as provided in Section 315.070, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
3. 
Steady red indication.
a. 
Vehicular traffic facing a steady red signal alone shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until a green indication is shown except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Subsection.
b. 
The driver of a vehicle which is stopped as close as practicable at the entrance to the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then at the entrance to the intersection in obedience to a red signal may cautiously enter the intersection to make a right turn but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic proceeding as directed by the signal at the intersection, except that the State Highways and Transportation Commission with reference to an intersection involving a State highway, and local authorities with reference to an intersection involving other highways under their jurisdiction, may prohibit any such right turn against a red signal at any intersection where safety conditions so require, said prohibition shall be effective when a sign is erected at such intersection giving notice thereof.
c. 
Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal as provided in Section 315.070, pedestrians facing a steady red signal alone shall not enter the roadway.
4. 
In the event an official traffic control signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this Section shall be applicable except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made, but in the absence of any such sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal.
5. 
When traffic control signals are present, but not operating, drivers and pedestrians shall proceed as though each has a stop sign and yield the right-of-way.
A. 
Whenever special pedestrian control signals exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk", or appropriate symbols, are in place, such signals shall indicate as follows:
1. 
"WALK": Pedestrians facing such signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles.
2. 
"WAIT" or "DON'T WALK": No pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal, but any pedestrian who has partially completed his/her crossing on the walk signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety zone while the wait signal is showing.
A. 
Whenever an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in a traffic sign or signal, it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
1. 
Flashing red (stop signal). When a red lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at an intersection or at a limit line when marked or, if none, then before entering the intersection, and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
2. 
Flashing yellow (caution signal). When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.
B. 
This Section shall not apply at railroad grade crossings. Conduct of drivers of vehicles approaching railroad grade crossings shall be governed by the rules as set forth in Section 335.090 of this Title.
When lane direction control signals are placed over the individual lanes of a street or highway, vehicular traffic may travel in any lane over which a green signal is shown but shall not enter or travel in any lane over which a red signal is shown.
No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway an unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, or which hides from view or interferes with the effectiveness of any official traffic control device or any railroad sign or signal.
No person shall without lawful authority attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down or remove any official traffic control device or any railroad sign or signal or any inscription, shield or insignia thereon, or any other part thereof.
The City Traffic Engineer shall have authority to declare any street or part thereof a play street and to place appropriate signs or devices in the roadway indicating and helping to protect the same.
Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon any such street or portion thereof except drivers of vehicles having business or whose residences are within such closed area, and then any said driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon any such street or portion thereof.
A. 
The City Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized:
1. 
To designate and maintain, by appropriate devices, marks or lines upon the surface of the roadway, crosswalks at intersections where in his/her opinion there is particular danger to pedestrians crossing the roadway, and at such other places as he/she may deem necessary.
2. 
To establish safety zones of such kind and character and at such places as he/she may deem necessary for the protection of pedestrians.
A. 
The City Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to mark traffic lanes upon the roadway of any street or highway where a regular alignment of traffic is necessary.
B. 
Where such traffic lanes have been marked, it shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to fail or refuse to keep such vehicle within the boundaries of any such lane except when lawfully passing another vehicle or preparatory to making a lawful turning movement.
[Ord. No. 1560 §1, 2-20-2007]
A. 
Definitions. As used in this Section, the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
AUTOMATED RED LIGHT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM
A system that:
1. 
Consists of a camera and vehicle sensor or sensors, installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic control signal; and
2. 
Is capable of producing exactly two (2) high resolution color digital recorded images that show:
a. 
The traffic control signal while it is emitting a steady red signal;
b. 
The offending vehicle; and
c. 
The license plate of the offending vehicle.
All three (3) of these elements are required in a single recorded image from the same camera unit which captured each of the two (2) images. One (1) of the images must be of sufficient resolution to clearly show all three (3) elements in either the first (1st) image captured immediately prior to the violation or in the second (2nd) image captured sequentially after the first (1st) image and while the vehicle is in the intersection while the traffic signal is emitting a steady red signal.
3. 
No recorded images will be taken of the occupants of the vehicle.
DEPARTMENT
The Police Department of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri.
MUNICIPAL COURT
The Municipal Court or Associate Circuit Court, as elected by the municipality to hear ordinance violations pursuant to Section 479.040, RSMo.
OWNER
The owner of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration records of the Missouri Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another State or country. The term "owner" includes:
1. 
A lessee of a motor vehicle under a lease of six (6) months or more; or
2. 
The lessee of a motor vehicle rented or leased from a motor vehicle rental or leasing company, but does not include the motor vehicle rental or leasing company itself.
RECORDED IMAGE
An image recorded by an automated red light enforcement system that depicts the rear and side of a motor vehicle and is automatically recorded on a digital image.
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL
A traffic control device that displays alternating red, amber and green lights intended to direct traffic when to stop at or proceed through an intersection.
B. 
Automated Red Light Enforcement System Authorized. Notwithstanding any other traffic regulations of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri, the City hereby adopts regulations for the automated enforcement of traffic control signal regulations. Accordingly, pursuant to the terms of this Section, the department is authorized to install and operate an automated red light enforcement system within the City for the purpose of enforcing traffic control signal regulations as provided in Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code.
C. 
Rebuttable Presumption.
1. 
If the City proves:
a. 
That a motor vehicle was being operated or used;
b. 
That the operation or use of the motor vehicle was in violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code; and
c. 
That the defendant is the owner of the motor vehicle, then:
2. 
A rebuttable presumption exists that the owner of a motor vehicle operated or used in violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code was the operator of the vehicle at the time and place the violation was captured by a recorded image.
D. 
Enforcement Procedures.
1. 
The Department is responsible for the enforcement and administration of this Section.
2. 
Except as provided in Subsection (D)(7) of this Section, upon review of a recorded image capturing a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code, a Police Officer of the department shall complete a violation notice, commonly known as Form 37.A, Uniform Citation, as described in Missouri Supreme Court Rule 37 and shall forward the completed violation notice to the municipal prosecutor not later than ten (10) days after the date the recorded image was captured.
a. 
Pursuant to Subsection (C) above and based upon the information obtained from the recorded image, the Police Officer may obtain any additional information about the owner, which is necessary to complete the violation notice, from the records of the Missouri Department of Revenue or any other legal means; or, if the motor vehicle is registered in another State or country, from the motor vehicle registration records of the department or agency of the other State or country analogous to the Missouri Department of Revenue or any other legal means.
b. 
If there is more than one (1) owner of the motor vehicle, the violation notice will be addressed to the primary owner or the first-listed owner if there is no primary owner.
3. 
If the municipal prosecutor, on his or her information and belief, concludes that a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code was committed, the prosecutor shall complete the appropriate Section of the violation notice to create an information that charges the owner with the commission of a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code and shall file the information with the Municipal Court, subject to the requirements of Missouri Supreme Court Rule 37.
4. 
Upon the filing of the information in the Municipal Court, the Court Clerk shall issue a summons pursuant to Missouri Supreme Court Rules 37.42 through 37.44. Not later than sixty (60) days after the date the violation is alleged to have occurred, the Court Clerk shall serve the summons on the owner by mailing it, together with:
a. 
A copy of the violation notice; and
b. 
A copy of the recorded image(s) of the offending vehicle, which forms the basis of the information; and
c. 
A copy of the supplemental violation notice, to the owner's last known address by first class mail.
5. 
The supplemental violation notice shall contain, at a minimum, the following information:
a. 
A statement that the recorded image will be submitted as evidence in the Municipal Court proceeding for prosecution of the violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code; and
b. 
A statement that, if at the time of the violation, the motor vehicle was being operated by a person other than the owner, the owner may transfer responsibility for the violation to the person who was in possession and control of the motor vehicle at that time and place, if the owner or the owner's representative where the owner is not a natural person, submits to the City by affidavit, on a form provided by the City or under oath at the Municipal Court proceeding, the name and current address of the person:
(1) 
Having possession and control of the vehicle at the time and place of the violation;
(2) 
Who was the lessee of the vehicle at the time of the violation, if the vehicle was rented or leased from a person in the business of renting or leasing motor vehicles at that time; or
(3) 
Who was the subsequent owner of the motor vehicle, if ownership of the vehicle was transferred by the owner before the time of the violation.
6. 
A violation notice and summons mailed under this Section is presumed to have been received by the owner on the fifth (5th) day after the date the violation notice is mailed.
7. 
In lieu of issuing a violation notice, the Department may mail to the owner a warning notice on a form created by the Department.
E. 
Adjudication Procedure.
1. 
The proceeding for a prosecution of a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code using an automated red light enforcement system shall be conducted in the same manner as any other violation of the ordinances of the City.
2. 
A person who is found guilty in Municipal Court may appeal that finding of guilt in the Circuit Court for the Sixteenth Judicial Circuit pursuant to Section 479.200, RSMo.
F. 
Affirmative Defenses.
1. 
In addition to all applicable affirmative defenses available by law, it shall be an affirmative defense to an information filed under this Section, to be proven by a preponderance of the evidence, that:
a. 
The traffic control signal was not in proper position and sufficiently legible to an ordinarily observant person; or
b. 
The operator of the motor vehicle was acting in compliance with the lawful order or direction of a Police Officer; or
c. 
The operator of the motor vehicle violated the instruction of the traffic control signal so as to yield the right-of-way to an immediately approaching authorized emergency vehicle; or
d. 
The motor vehicle was being operated as part of a funeral procession pursuant to Section 194.503, RSMo.; or
e. 
The motor vehicle was being operated as an authorized emergency vehicle as defined and in compliance with Section 304.022, RSMo.; or
f. 
The motor vehicle was a stolen vehicle and being operated by a person other than the owner of the vehicle without the effective consent of the owner; or
g. 
The license plate depicted in the recorded image of the violation was a stolen plate and being displayed on a motor vehicle other than the motor vehicle for which the plate had been issued; or
h. 
The motor vehicle was being operated by a person other than the owner of the vehicle, provided that the owner or the owner's representative in the circumstance where the owner is not a natural person, submits to the City by affidavit, on a form provided by the City or under oath at the Municipal Court proceeding, the name and current address of the person:
(1) 
Who had possession and control of the motor vehicle at the time of the violation; or
(2) 
Who was the lessee of the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, if the motor vehicle was rented or leased from a person in the business of renting or leasing motor vehicles at that time; or
(3) 
Who was the subsequent owner of the motor vehicle, if ownership of the vehicle was transferred by the owner before the time of the violation; or
i. 
The presence of ice, snow, unusual amounts of rain or other unusually hazardous road conditions existed that would make compliance with Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code more dangerous under the circumstances than non-compliance.
2. 
To demonstrate that at the time of the violation the motor vehicle was a stolen vehicle or the license plate displayed on the motor vehicle was a stolen plate, the owner must submit proof acceptable to the Municipal Court that the theft of the vehicle or license plate had been timely reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency.
3. 
The existence of affirmative defenses as provided in this Subsection shall not be construed to preclude the defendant from introducing any other evidence of innocence which may be weighed by the court pursuant to existing procedures.
G. 
Penalty. The penalty imposed for a finding of guilt for a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code using an automated red light enforcement system under this Section shall be the same as the penalty for a finding of guilt for a violation of Section 315.030 of the Oak Grove City Code where an automated red light enforcement system was not used.
H. 
Reporting Requirement. Nothing in this Section shall be interpreted to avoid reporting requirements under Section 302.225, RSMo.
[Ord. No. 1594 §3, 3-3-2008]
A. 
It shall be unlawful to drive and operate any motor vehicle onto, across and out of any private property, private drive, public property, or public drive to avoid a traffic control sign, device, and/or signal.
B. 
A rebuttable presumption that this Section has been violated shall exist if the City proves that a driver operated a motor vehicle onto, across, and out of any commercial property on the corner of any street intersection without stopping on the property for the purpose of transacting business. For the purpose of this Section, "transacting of business" shall mean that the driver or any occupant of the motor vehicle enters the property with the intent of stopping to engage in a transaction with the proprietors or their agents or employees of the business for which the premises are licensed.