City of Oak Grove, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 1614 §4, 8-26-2008]
As used in this Title, the following terms shall mean:
BICYCLE
Every device propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICE OR EPAMD
A self-balancing, two (2) non-tandem wheeled device, designed to transport only one (1) person, with an electric propulsion system with an average power of seven hundred fifty (750) watts (one (1) horsepower), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a propulsion system while ridden by an operator who weighs one hundred seventy (170) pounds, is less than twenty (20) miles per hour.
GATOR
Any utility vehicle manufactured for off-highway use that is sixty-three (63) inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of one thousand eight hundred fifty (1,850) pounds or less, traveling on four (4) or six (6) wheels, to be used primarily for landscaping, lawn care, or maintenance purposes.
GOLF CART
Any motor vehicle that has three (3) or more low-pressure tires in contact with the ground, designed primarily to transport persons and equipment while playing golf at not more than twenty-five (25) miles per hour. Golf carts are typically sixty (60) inches or less in width.
LOW-SPEED VEHICLE
Any golf cart, gator, or riding lawnmower.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device, excluding motorized play vehicles, motorized skateboards, low-speed vehicles, and all terrain vehicles, having an automatic transmission, capable of achieving a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground; and
1. 
If equipped with a gasoline motor, the motor cylinder capacity shall not be more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower; or
2. 
If equipped with an electric motor, the motor shall produce less than 2,237.1 watts of power.
A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
MOTORIZED PLAY VEHICLE
Any self-propelled device such as a pocket rocket, pocket bike, mini moto, mini motorcycle, mini bike, quad bike, go-cart, mini-chopper, that, when unmodified, has a seat height of thirty (30) inches or less; and
1. 
If equipped with a gasoline motor, the motor cylinder capacity shall not be more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower; or
2. 
If equipped with an electric motor, the motor shall produce less than 2,237.1 watts of power.
MOTORIZED SKATEBOARD
A self-propelled device such as a standup-scooter, motorized skateboard, or powerboard that has a deck on which a person may stand while the device is in operation and at least two (2) tandem wheels in contact with the ground; and
1. 
If equipped with a gasoline motor, the motor cylinder capacity shall not be more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower; or
2. 
If equipped with an electric motor, the motor shall produce less than 2,237.1 watts of power.
[Ord. No. 1614 §5, 8-26-2008]
Every bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, low-speed vehicle, motorized bicycle, motorized play vehicle, or motorized skateboard shall be equipped with brakes which will enable its driver to stop the vehicle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
A. 
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
1. 
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
2. 
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
3. 
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
4. 
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter in the presence of a Peace Officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the State or for violation of ordinances of Counties or municipalities of the State, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
A. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
B. 
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
[Ord. No. 1614 §6, 8-26-2008]
A. 
No motorized play vehicle or motorized skateboard may be operated on public property including any public sidewalk, designated pedestrian and bikeway, roadway, alley, highway, or street.
B. 
No motorized play vehicle or motorized skateboard shall be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City that has been designated as part of the Federal Interstate Highway System.
C. 
Responsibilities Of Parents, Guardians, And Legal Custodians.
1. 
The parent, guardian, or legal custodian of any minor shall not authorize or knowingly permit such minor to violate any of the provisions of this Section.
2. 
Any minor found guilty of violation of this Section shall be subject to a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). The parents or legal guardian having custody or control of the minor shall be jointly and severally liable with the minor for payment of the fine, whether or not the parents or guardian knew of, or anticipated, a violation of this Section.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.
[Ord. No. 1614 §7, 8-26-2008]
A. 
EPAMDs and motorized wheelchairs may be operated upon any street, highway, sidewalk, designated pedestrian and bikeway, alley, and roadway within the City subject to the following rules and requirements:
1. 
Every person operating an EPAMD or motorized wheelchair shall be granted all of the rights and be subject to all of the duties applicable to a pedestrian pursuant to Chapter 304, RSMo.
2. 
Persons under sixteen (16) years of age shall not operate an EPAMD or motorized wheelchair, except for an operator with a mobility-related disability.
3. 
An EPAMD and/or motorized wheelchair shall only be operated on those streets, alleys, highways, and roadways that have a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less. This shall not prohibit the use of an EPAMD or motorized wheelchair from crossing streets, highways, alleys, or roadways with a speed limit in excess of twenty-five (25) miles per hour.
4. 
EPAMDs and motorized wheelchairs shall be subject to the same light and reflector requirements as Section 385.030 requires of bicycles and motorized bicycles.
[Ord. No. 1614 §8, 8-26-2008]
A. 
Use. No person shall operate a low-speed vehicle, as defined in this Chapter, upon any street, alley, highway, or roadway in the City, except that:
1. 
Persons with a valid driver's license may operate a low-speed vehicle on only those City streets, alleys, highways, or roadways that have a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less. This shall not prohibit the operation of a low-speed vehicle when crossing streets, alleys, highways, or roadways with a speed limit in excess of twenty-five (25) miles per hour.
2. 
Low-speed vehicles owned and operated by a governmental entity may be used for official purposes on any street, alley, highway, or roadway in the City; and
3. 
Nothing in this Section shall restrict the use of low-speed vehicles on State highways as allowed by State law.
B. 
Operation. A person lawfully operating a low-speed vehicle pursuant to an exception covered in this Section shall:
1. 
Have a valid operator's or chauffeur's license. The low-speed vehicle shall be operated at a speed of less than twenty-five (25) miles per hour. When operated on a street, a low-speed vehicle that is not owned and operated by a governmental entity shall have a bicycle safety flag, which extends not less than seven (7) feet above the ground, attached to the rear of the vehicle. The bicycle safety flag shall be triangular in shape with an area of not less than thirty (30) square inches and shall be fluorescent orange in color.
2. 
Not operate such vehicle except between the hours of sunrise and sunset unless the vehicle is equipped with two (2) headlamps mounted at the same level on each side of the front of the vehicle and two (2) rear lamps, red in color, mounted at the same level on each side of the rear of the vehicle or high visibility DOT tape affixed to the rear of the vehicle.
3. 
Comply with all traffic and signage rules and ordinances as the same would apply to all other motorized vehicles.
C. 
Violation. A violation of this Section shall be punished by a fine of up to five hundred dollars ($500.00).