City of Oak Grove, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 1383 §1200, 1-6-2003]
When referring to this Chapter, the following rules of interpretation shall be applied, except when the context clearly requires otherwise.
A. 
The particular shall control the general.
B. 
In the case of any difference of meaning or implication between the text of this Chapter and any chart, graph, illustration or table, the text shall control.
C. 
The word "shall" is always mandatory and not discretionary. The word "may" is permissive.
D. 
Words used in the present tense shall include the future and words used in the singular include the plural and the plural is singular, unless the context clearly indicates the contrary.
E. 
The use of the male pronoun includes the use of the female pronoun.
F. 
The word "person" includes individuals, firms, corporation, associations and any other similar entities.
G. 
The words "parcel", "site" or "tract" are synonymous and are general terms for the description of land.
H. 
The word "City" means the area of jurisdiction of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri.
I. 
All public officials, bodies and agencies that references are made are those of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri.
[Ord. No. 1383 §1201, 1-6-2003; Ord. No. 1515 §49, 6-5-2006; Ord. No. 1565 §9, 4-2-2007; Ord. No. 1585 §1, 12-3-2007; Ord. No. 1637 §5, 6-1-2009; Ord. No. 1719 §1, 9-19-2011]
Words in the text or tables of this Chapter shall be interpreted in accordance with provisions set forth in this Section. Where words have not been defined, the standard dictionary definition shall prevail.
100-YEAR FLOOD
See "BASE FLOOD".
ACCESSORY RESIDENTIAL IN "C-2"
A separate, complete dwelling unit that is substantially contained within a commercial structure in the "C-2" District.
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A structure that:
1. 
Is subordinate to and serves a principal structure;
2. 
Is subordinate in area, extent or purpose to the principal structure served;
3. 
Contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of the occupants, business or industry in the principal structure; and
4. 
Is located on the same lot as the principal structure served.
ACCESSORY USE
A use of land or of a building or portion thereof that:
1. 
Is subordinate to and serves a principal use;
2. 
Is subordinate in area, extent or purpose to the principal use served;
3. 
Contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of the occupants, business or industry of the principal use; and
4. 
Is located on the same lots as the principal structure served.
ACRE
A measure of land area containing forty-three thousand five hundred sixty (43,560) square feet.
ADMINISTRATOR
The Federal Flood Insurance Administrator.
ADULT ENTERTAINMENT ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment used or intended to be used for commercial entertainment or having ten percent (10%) or more of its stock for sale or viewing of matters depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct for the enjoyment of the patrons.
AGENCY
The Federal Emergency Management Agency.
AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING
The initial processing of crop-based agricultural products that is reasonably required to take place in close proximity to the site where such products are produced. Typical uses include grain mills.
AGRICULTURAL SALES AND SERVICE
A use primarily engaged in the sale or rental of farm tools and implements, feed and grain, tack, animal care products and farm supplies. This definition excludes the sale of large implements, such as tractors and combines, but includes food sales and farm machinery repair services that are accessory to the principal use.
AGRICULTURAL USES
The use of a tract of land of not less than ten (10) acres for the growing of crops, pasturage or nursery, including the structures necessary for carrying out farming operations and the dwellings of these owning or operating the premises, member of the family thereof or persons employed thereon and the family thereof.
AGRICULTURE, GENERAL
The use of land for the production of livestock, dairy products, poultry or poultry products.
AGRICULTURE, LIMITED
The use of land for the production of row crops, field crops, tree crops or timber.
AIRPORT OR AIRSTRIP
Any public or privately owned or operated ground facility designed to accommodate landing and takeoff operations of aircraft, including all taxiways, aircraft storage and tie-down areas, hangars and other necessary buildings and open spaces.
ALLEY
A public or private street primarily designed to serve as secondary access to the side or rear of those properties whose principal frontage is on some other street.
ALTERATION, STRUCTURAL
Any change in a load-bearing member of a structure.
ANIMAL CARE, GENERAL
A use providing animal care, boarding or veterinary services with outdoor animal runs. (See "ANIMAL CARE, LIMITED" and "KENNEL").
ANIMAL CARE, LIMITED
A use providing animal care, boarding or veterinary services for household pets, with no outdoor animal runs. (See "ANIMAL CARE, GENERAL" and "KENNEL").
ANIMATION
Any action or motion, other than flashing lights, automatic changeable copy or indexing, in an attempt to develop a pictorial scene through the movements of lights or parts of a sign.
APPEAL
A request for review of the Floodplain Administrator's interpretation of any provision of this Chapter or a request for a variance.
APPLICANT
A developer submitting an applications for development.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
The application form and all accompanying documents required by ordinance for approval of a subdivision plat or site plan.
APWA
The American Public Works Association.
AREA OF SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD
The land in the floodplain within a community subject to a one percent (1%) or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
AS-BUILT PLANS
Construction plans revised to show a facility or structure as actually constructed and as it appears on the tract of land involved.
ASTM
American Society for Testing Materials.
ASPHALT OR CONCRETE PLANT
A use engaged in the manufacture, mixing, batching or recycling of asphalt, asphaltic cement, cement or concrete products.
ASSISTED LIVING
Multi-family dwelling units used or designed to be used by older persons, persons with disabilities or other persons needing or desiring assistance with day-to-day living matters, but not including group homes, group residential, hospitals or convalescent care facilities. Typical uses include retirement communities in which housekeeping services, common dining facilities and recreational and social activities are offered to residents.
AUDITORIUM OR STADIUM
An open, partially enclosed or fully enclosed facility used or intended to be used primarily for spectator sports, entertainment events, expositions and other public gatherings. Typical uses include convention and exhibit halls, sports arenas and amphitheaters.
AWNING
An architectural projection that provides weather protection, identity or decoration and is wholly supported by the building to which it is attached. An awning is comprised of a light-weight, rigid skeleton structure over which a covering is attached.
AWWA
American Water Works Association.
BANK OR FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
Establishments engaged in deposit banking. Typical uses include commercial banks, savings institutions and credit unions and automated teller machines.
BAR OR TAVERN
An establishment where fifty percent (50%) or more of gross income is derived from the sale of alcoholic beverages by the drink for consumption on the property and where the serving of food and non-alcoholic beverage for consumption on the property and the sale of package liquors may be accessory uses.
BASE FLOOD
The flood having a one percent (1%) chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
BASEMENT
A story partly or wholly below grade. For purposes of height measurement, a basement shall be counted as a story when the finished surface of the floor above the basement is:
1. 
More than six (6) feet above the average grade.
2. 
More than six (6) feet above the finished grade for more than fifty percent (50%) of the total building perimeter.
3. 
More than twelve (12) feet above the finished grade at any point.
BASIC INDUSTRY
A use engaged in the basic processing and manufacturing of materials or products predominately from extracted or raw materials. Typical uses include distilleries; pulp processing and paper products manufacturing; glass manufacturing; brick manufacturing; steel works; tanneries; acid manufacturing; cement, lime, gypsum or plaster of Paris manufacturing; fertilizer or chemical manufacturing; and petroleum refineries.
BED AND BREAKFAST
A dwelling or portion thereof that contains guest rooms that short-term lodging, with or without meals, is provided for compensation.
BERM
A mound of earth, typically located in a bufferyard to shield or block noise, lights or other nuisances.
BLOCK
An area of land within a subdivision that is entirely bounded by streets, highways or rights-of-way, except alleys or between streets, highways, streams, parks, etc., or any other barriers or combination thereof, to the continuity of development.
BOARD
The Board of Aldermen of the City of Oak Grove.
BOARDING HOUSE
An establishment or part thereof that lodging and meals are provided by the owner or operator for at least three (3) but not more than eleven (11) persons for compensation whether the compensation is paid directly or indirectly.
BUFFERYARD
Land area typically containing trees, shrubs or other plants, berms, fences or walls and used to visibly separate one use from another or to block noise, lights or other nuisances.
BUILDABLE AREA
The area of a lot remaining after the minimum yard and open space requirements of the Zoning Ordinance have been met.
BUILDING
Any structure having a roof supported by columns or walls and intended for the shelter, housing or enclosure of any individual, animal, process, equipment, goods or materials of any kind or nature.
BUILDING CODES
The Building Code of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri, together with the Electrical Code, Plumbing Code, Fire Code and any related code(s) adopted by the Oak Grove Board of Aldermen and any regulations adopted in conformance therewith.
BUILDING COVERAGE
The horizontal area measured within the exterior walls of the ground floor of all principal and accessory buildings on a lot divided by the gross area of the lot.
BUILDING FACADE
That portion of a building that is parallel or nearly parallel to the abutting roadway or parking lot.
BUILDING MATERIALS
The physical characteristics that create the aesthetic and structural appearance of the resource including, but not limited to, a consideration of the texture and style of the components and their combinations, such as bricks, stone, shingle, wood, concrete or stucco.
BUILDING OR SETBACK LINE
A line parallel to a street or right-of-way line, shore or a lake, edge of a stream, other property line established on a parcel of land or lot for the purpose of prohibiting construction of a building or structure in the area between such building line and right-of-way, lakeshore, streambank or other property line.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building that the primary use of the lot, that the building is located on, is conducted.
BULK REQUIREMENTS
Standards that control the height, intensity and location of structures.
BULK STORAGE
The storage of chemicals, petroleum products and other materials in above-ground containers for subsequent resale (wholesale) to distributors or retail dealers or outlets.
BUSINESS AREA
Any zoning district designated for office, government and institutional, commercial and industrial use.
CABINET/CARPENTRY SHOP
A use primarily engaged in the manufacturing or assembly of custom wood products for residential or business uses. This use does not include the large-scale, mass manufacture of wood products such as furniture.
CANDLEPOWER
The amount of light that will illuminate a surface one (1) foot distant from a light source to an intensity of one (1) foot-candle. Maximum (peak) candlepower is the largest amount of candlepower emitted by any lamp, light source or luminaire.
CANOPY
An architectural projection that provides weather protection, identity or decoration and is wholly supported by the building to which it is attached and at the outer end by not less than one (1) stanchion. A canopy is comprised of a rigid structure over which a covering is attached.
CAR WASH
A use primarily engaged in cleaning or detailing motor vehicles, whether self-service, automatic or by hand.
CARNIVAL OR CIRCUS
An amusement enterprise consisting of rides, acts, shows, games, amusement devices or other similar devices or any combination of such devices.
CEMETERY
Property used for interring of the dead, including mausoleums.
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
The commercial area of Oak Grove centered on South Broadway from 7th Street to 25th Street.
CHANNEL
The bed and banks of a natural stream which convey the constant or intermittent flow of the stream.
CHANNELIZATION
The straightening and deepening of channels and/or the surfacing thereof to permit water to move rapidly and/or directly.
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OR CHIEF ELECTED OFFICIAL
The official of the community who is charged with the authority to implement and administer laws, ordinances and regulations for that community.
CITY
The City of Oak Grove, Missouri.
CITY ENGINEER
The officially appointed engineer of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri, or his/her duly appointed designee. The term may be abbreviated in this Chapter as the "Board".
CITY PLANNING AND ZONING COMMISSION
The official appointed Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Oak Grove. The term may be abbreviated in this Chapter as the "Commission".
CLUB, PRIVATE
A use providing meeting, recreational or social facilities for a private association, primarily for use by members and guests. Typical uses include private social clubs, lodges and fraternal organizations.
COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY
An institution of higher education offering undergraduate or graduate degrees.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
Any vehicle designed, maintained or used primarily for the transportation of property or persons for hire.
COMMISSION
The Oak Grove Planning and Zoning Commission.
COMMUNICATION TOWER
AM/FM radio, television and microwave transmission towers and accessory equipment and buildings.
COMMUNITY
Any State or area or political subdivision thereof that has authority to adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations for the areas of its jurisdictions.
COMPENSATION
The receiving of goods, services or money in exchange for or as a result of a service performed.
COMPOST FACILITY
A commercial or public solid waste processing facility where yard or garden waste is transformed into soil or fertilizer by biological decomposition.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The Master Plan and its associated elements of the City of Oak Grove adopted by the Planning and Zoning Commission and Board of Aldermen containing analysis, recommendations and policies for the community's population, economy, housing, transportation, community facilities and land use.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use permitted in a particular zoning district only upon showing that such use in a specific location will comply with all the conditions and standards for the location or operation of such use as specified in the Chapter and authorized by the Board of Aldermen.
CONDOMINIUM
A building, group of buildings or property that units are owned individually with the common elements owned by all the owners on a proportionate, undivided basis.
CONSTRUCTION SALES AND SERVICE
A use engaged in the retail or wholesale of materials used in the construction of buildings or other structures and the outdoor storage of construction equipment or materials on lots other than construction sites. Typical uses include lumberyards, home improvement centers, lawn and garden supply stores, electrical, plumbing, air conditioning and heating supply stores, swimming pool sales, construction contractors' storage yards and construction equipment rental establishments.
CONVALESCENT CARE
A use providing bed care and in-patient services for persons needing regular medical attention, but excluding facilities for the care and treatment of mental illness, alcoholism, narcotics addiction, emergency medical services or communicable disease. Typical uses include nursing homes.
COPY
The letters, figures, characters, representations, pictures or wording on a sign, including any identification, description, symbol, trademark, object, design or logo illustration, illuminated or non-illuminated, that directs attention to a product, service, place, activity, person, institution, business or solicitation, including any permanently installed or situated merchandise; or any emblem or painting designed to advertise, communicate, identify or convey information.
CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
A facility providing housing and care for individuals confined for violations of law.
CUL-DE-SAC
A street having one (1) end opened to traffic and being terminated by a vehicle turnaround.
CULTURAL SERVICE
A facility providing cultural and educational services to the public. Typical uses include museums, art museums, observatories, planetariums, botanical gardens, arboretums, zoos and aquariums.
CURB
A vertical or sloping edge of a roadway.
CUTOFF
The point that all light rays emitted by a lamp, light source or luminaire are completely eliminated (cutoff) at a specified angle above the ground.
CUTOFF ANGLE
The angle formed by a line drawn from the direction of light rays at the light source and a line perpendicular to the ground from the light source, above where no light is emitted.
CUTOFF-TYPE LUMINAIRE
A luminaire with elements such as shields, reflectors or refractor panels that direct and cut off the light at a cutoff angle that is less than ninety degrees (90°).
DAY CARE
A use that provides care, protection and supervision for individuals on a regular basis away from their primary residence for less than twenty-four (24) hours per day.
DAY CARE, COMMERCIAL
A day care conducted in a structure other than a private residence.
DAY CARE, GENERAL
A day care establishment conducted in a private residence that provides care for seven (7) to ten (10) individuals at any one time, excluding those persons related to and residing in the home of the day care provider.
DAY CARE, LIMITED
A day care establishment conducted in a private residence that provides care for four (4) to six (6) individuals at any one time, excluding those persons related to and residing in the home of the day care provider.
DEDICATION
An act transmitting property or interest thereto.
DEMOLITION
Any act or process that destroys in part or in whole any building or structure.
DENSITY
The permitted number of dwelling units per gross acre of land to be developed.
DESIGN FLOOD
The relative size or magnitude of a major flood or reasonable expectancy which reflects both flood experience and flood potential and is the basis of the delineation of the floodway, the flood hazard area and the water surface elevations.
DESIGN STANDARDS
Standards that set forth specific improvement requirements.
DETAIL
Architectural aspects that, due to particular treatment, draw attention to certain parts or features of a structure.
DEVELOPMENT
Any manmade change to improved or unimproved real estate including, but not limited to, buildings or other structures, levees, levee systems, mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations or storage of equipment or materials.
DIRECTOR
The Director of the Community Development Department of the City of Oak Grove, Missouri, or his/her designated representative.
DISTRICT
A part, zone or geographic area within the area of Oak Grove where certain zoning regulations apply and are uniform.
DIVIDED STREET
A street having an island or other barrier separating moving lanes.
DRAINAGE
The removal of surface water or ground water from land by drains, grading or other means.
DRAINAGE FACILITY
Any component of the drainage system.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM
The system through which water flows from the land, including all watercourses, waterbodies and wetlands.
DRIVEWAY
A paved or unpaved area used for ingress or egress of vehicles and allowing access from a street to a building or other structure or facility.
DUPLEX
A structure on a single lot containing two (2) dwelling units, each that is totally separated from the other.
DWELLING
A building or portion therefor designed and used exclusively by individuals for no less than thirty (30) day residential occupancy with complete cooking and sanitary facilities, excluding hotels, motels, boarding, rooming and lodging houses and institutional care facilities.
DWELLING, MULTI-FAMILY
A dwelling on a single lot containing three (3) or more dwelling units where each is totally separated from the others.
DWELLING, PATIO-COURT HOME
See "DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY, DETACHED".
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY, ATTACHED
A dwelling unit attached to one (1) or more dwelling units by common vertical walls and each dwelling unit is located on a separate lot. This definition may include the term zero lot line, twin house or patio house.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY, DETACHED
A dwelling unit entirely surrounded by open space on the same lot.
DWELLING, TOWN HOUSE
A dwelling unit of at least three (3) such units where each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit, and each unit is separated from any other unit by one (1) or more common walls.
DWELLING, TWIN HOUSE
See "DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY, DETACHED".
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
See "DUPLEX".
DWELLING UNIT
One (1) or more rooms located within a dwelling that creates an independent housekeeping establishment for occupancy by one (1) family with separate toilets and facilities for cooking and sleeping.
EASEMENT
A right-of-way granted, but not dedicated, for limited use of private land for a public or quasi-public purpose and within which the owner of the property shall not erect any permanent structures.
ECONOMIC HARDSHIP
When the landowner cannot economically utilize the property and it is impractical to sell or lease it or no market exists for it at a reasonable price.
ELEVATED BUILDING
For insurance purposes, a non-basement building that has its lowest elevated floor raised above ground level by foundation walls, shear walls, posts, piers, pilings or columns.
ELIGIBLE COMMUNITY OR PARTICIPATING COMMUNITY
A community that the Administrator has authorized the sale of flood insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
ENGINEER
A professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri.
ENGINEERING DRAWINGS
The construction or public works plans showing types of materials and construction details for physical structures and facilities, including dwelling units to be installed in conjunction with development of subdivision.
ERECT
This term shall mean attach, alter, build, construct, reconstruct, enlarge or move.
ESCROW
Money delivered to a third (3rd) person to be delivered by him/her to the grantee only upon fulfillment of a condition.
EXISTING CONSTRUCTION
For purposes of determining rates, structures for which the "start of construction" commenced before the effective date of the FIRM or before January 1, 1975, for the FIRMs effective before that date. "Existing construction" may also be referred to as "existing structures".
FAMILY
The following living arrangements shall constitute a family for the purposes of this Chapter:
1. 
One (1) or more persons related by blood, marriage, adoption or custodial relationship living as a single housekeeping unit;
2. 
Three (3) or less persons living as a single housekeeping unit; or
3. 
Two (2) unrelated persons, plus their biological, adopted or foster children or other minors for whom they have legally established custodial responsibility, living as a single housekeeping unit.
Domestic servants, employed on the premises, may be housed on the premises without being counted as part of the family. The term "family" shall not be construed to mean a fraternity, sorority, club or institutional group.
FENCE
An enclosure or barrier such as wooden posts, wire, iron, etc., used as a boundary, means of protection, privacy screening or confinement, but not including hedges, shrubs, trees or other natural growth.
FINAL APPROVAL
The official action taken on a preliminary approved major subdivision or site plan after all conditions, engineering drawings and other requirements have been completed or fulfilled.
FINAL PLAT
The final maps of all or portion of a subdivision which is presented for final approval.
FLASHING LIGHT
A continuously intermittent light or sequential light, but not including animation or lighting changes that change the copy of a sign.
FLEXTECH
A use combining office and warehousing; office and light assembly; or office, warehousing and light assembly activities within the same building. Flextech buildings typically have office storefronts on one (1) side of the structure and loading docks or roll-up doors on the other side. Loading and service areas are screened from view of public right-of-way, public recreation facilities and lower intensity zoning districts. Flextech uses may involve retail sales of merchandise as an accessory use.
FLOOD OR FLOODING
A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from:
1. 
The overflow of inland; and/or
2. 
The unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source.
FLOOD HAZARD BOUNDARY MAP
An official map of a community, issued by the Administrator, where the boundaries of the flood areas having special flood hazards have seen delineated as (unnumbered or numbered) A Zones.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
An official map of a community on which the Administrator has delineated both the special flood hazard areas and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.
FLOODPLAIN OR FLOOD-PRONE AREA
An land area susceptible to being inundated by water from any source (see "FLOODING").
FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT
The operation of an overall program of corrective and preventive measures for reducing flood damage including, but not limited to, emergency preparedness plans, flood control works and floodplain management regulations.
FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS
Zoning ordinances, subdivision regulations, Building Codes, health regulations, special purpose ordinances (such as floodplain and grading ordinances) and other applications of Police power. The term describes such State and local regulations, in any combination thereof, that provides standards for the purpose of flood damage prevention or reduction.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and non-structural additions, changes or adjustments to structures that reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities or structures and their contents.
FLOOR AREA
For non-residential buildings or buildings containing residential and non-residential uses, "floor area" means the sum of the gross horizontal area of all floors of the building measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls. For residential buildings, "floor area" shall mean the gross horizontal area of all floors in a dwelling measured from the external faces of the exterior walls. Garages, basements and open porches shall be excluded when measuring residential floor area.
FLOOR AREA RATIO (FAR)
The gross floor area of all buildings on a lot divided by the lot area. For the purpose of this Chapter, parking decks are not included in calculating the floor area ratio.
FOOD/BAKERY PRODUCT MANUFACTURING
A use engaged in the manufacture of food and food products, including non-retail bakeries, canning facilities and creameries.
FOOT-CANDLE
A unit of illumination produced on a surface, all points of which are one (1) foot from a uniform point source of one (1) candle.
FREIGHT TERMINAL
A building or area in which freight brought by truck, rail or air is processed for continued shipment by truck, rail or air.
FRONTAGE
That part of a lot or premise immediately adjacent to a street or streets without regard to access to or elevation of the street or streets.
FUNCTIONALLY DEPENDENT USE
A use that cannot perform its intended purpose unless it is located or carried out in a close proximity to water. This term includes only docking facilities and facilities that are necessary for the loading and unloading of cargo or passengers, but does not include long-term storage or related manufacturing facilities.
FUNERAL HOME
A building used for the preparation of the deceased for burial and the display of the deceased and ceremonies connected therewith before burial or cremation, but shall not include facilities for cremation.
GAS AND FUEL SALES/STORAGE
The use of a site for bulk storage and distribution and sales of flammable liquid, gas or solid fuel, excluding below-ground storage that is clearly ancillary to an allowed principal use on the site.
GLARE
The effect produced by brightness sufficient to cause annoyance, discomfort or loss in visual performance and visibility.
GOLF COURSE
A facility providing private or public golf recreation services and support facilities. This definition shall exclude miniature golf courses and golf driving ranges except those that are clearly accessory uses. (See "RECREATION AND ENTERTAINMENT, OUTDOOR").
GOVERNMENT SERVICE
Buildings or facilities owned or operated by a government entity and providing services for the public, excluding utilities and park and recreation services. Typical uses include administrative offices of government agencies and utility billing offices.
GRADE
The slope of a street or other public way specified in percentage terms.
GREENHOUSE
A building whose roof and sides are made largely of glass or other transparent or translucent material and in which the temperature and humidity can be regulated for the cultivation of delicate or out-of-season plants for subsequent sale or for personal enjoyment.
GROUP HOME, GENERAL
A facility providing twenty-four (24) hour care in a protected living environment for more than eight (8) persons with physical or mental disabilities and any number of caregivers.
GROUP HOME, LIMITED
A facility providing twenty-four (24) hour care in a protected living environment for no more than eight (8) persons with physical or mental disabilities and up to two (2) house parents or caregivers.
GROUP RESIDENTIAL
The use of a site for occupancy by groups of more than five (5) persons, not defined as a family, on a weekly or longer basis. Typical uses include fraternity or sorority houses, dormitories, residence halls and boarding or lodging houses. The term "group residential" does not include "group homes".
GUTTER
A shallow channel usually set along a curb or the pavement edge of a road for purposes of catching and carrying runoff water.
HAZARDOUS OPERATION
Activities that present the potential for serious hazards to human life and health. Typical uses include arsenals, atomic reactors, explosives and fireworks manufacture, hazardous waste disposal, medical waste disposal and radioactive waste handling.
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE
Any substances or materials that, by reason of their toxic, caustic, corrosive, abrasive or otherwise injurious properties, may be detrimental or harmful to the health of any person handling or otherwise coming into contact with such material or substance.
HEALTH CLUB
A facility where members or non-members use equipment or space for the purpose of physical exercise.
HEIGHT
The vertical distance of a structure measured from the average established grade at the street lot line or from the average natural ground level, if higher; or if no street grade has been established, to the highest point of the roof's surface if a flat surface; to the deck line of mansard roofs; and to the mean height level between the eaves and ridge for hip or gable roofs. In measuring the height of a building, the following structures shall be excluded: chimneys, cooling towers, telecommunication towers, ornamental cupolas, domes or spires, elevator bulk heads, penthouses, tanks, water towers, and parapet walls not exceeding four (4) feet in height.
HELIPORT OR HELIPAD
An area, either on the ground or on a building, used as a landing pad for helicopters to pick up or discharge passengers or cargo.
HOME OCCUPATION
An activity carried out for compensation in a residential dwelling unit.
HOSPITAL
An institution providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients, suffering from illness, disease, injury, deformity and other abnormal physical or mental conditions and including, as an integral part of the institution, related facilities such as laboratories, outpatient facilities or training facilities.
HOTEL OR MOTEL
A facility used, maintained or advertised as a place where sleeping accommodations, in rooms without individual kitchens, are supplied for short-term rent to transient guests. Typical uses include hotels and motels.
IDEOLOGICAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL SIGN
A sign which does not name or advertise a product, service or business but only expresses a viewpoint, non-commercial message, opinion or idea. This includes commemorative plaques, historic markers, holiday decorations, political signs, political or fraternal flags or emblems or protective signs which are commonly associated with safeguarding the permitted uses of a premise, including, but not limited to, vicious dog, no trespassing, neighborhood watch and authorized parking only.
IES
Illuminating Engineering Society.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Any part of a lot that is covered by buildings, structures, parking areas, driveways and any other surfaces which reduce or prevent absorption of stormwater.
IMPOUNDMENT
A body of water, such as a pond, confined by a dam, dike, floodgate or other barrier.
IMPROVEMENT
Street work, utilities, sidewalks, drainage structures and other physical modifications which are to be installed or constructed by the subdivider for the benefit of the lot owners and for the proper development of the community as a condition precedent to the approval and acceptance of the final plat.
KENNEL
An establishment licensed to operate a facility housing dogs, cats or other household pets and where grooming, breeding, boarding, training or selling of animals is conducted as a business.
LANDFILL
A disposal facility employing an engineered method of disposing of solid waste, including demolition and construction debris.
LANDSCAPING MATERIALS
Landscape materials include lawns, trees, plants and other natural and decorative features. In addition, it can include non-living materials such as mulch, brick, concrete, stone, cobbles, wood blocks, gravel and sand.
LATERAL SEWERS
Pipes conducting sewage from individual buildings to larger pipes called trunk or interceptor sewers that usually are located in street rights-of-way.
LAUNDRY SERVICE
A use that is primarily engaged in the large-scale washing or cleaning of laundry, rugs and similar materials. This definition does not include laundromat or dry cleaning pickup stations.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building or contiguous to a group of buildings for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
LOT
A parcel of property that complies with the minimum lot area and setback standards of this Unified Development Code which is developed or intended to be developed as a unit under single ownership or control. A lot may consist of one (1) or more lots of record, one (1) or more portions of a lot or lots of record or any combination thereof.
LOT AREA
The total horizontal area within the lines of a lot.
LOT, CORNER
A lot situated at the intersection of two (2) or more streets.
LOT DEPTH
The horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines measured along the median between the two (2) side lot lines.
LOT, END
A lot on either end of a row of lots and intended for a town house attached on one (1) side to another town house and with a yard on the opposite side.
LOT FRONTAGE
That portion of a lot extending along a street line.
LOT, FRONT OF
The front of a lot shall be considered to be that side of the lot which fronts on a street. In the case of a corner lot, the narrowest side fronting on the street shall be considered to be the front of the lot. In case the corner lot has equal frontage on two (2) or more streets, the lot shall be considered to front on that street which the greatest number of lots front.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot other than a corner lot.
LOT LINE
A boundary line of a lot.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The lot line separating a lot from the street. On a corner lot, the shortest lot line abutting a street is the front lot line; on a through lot, both lot lines abutting the streets are the front lot lines; on a flag shaped lot, the front lot line is also that lot line most parallel to the front lot line abutting the street.
LOT LINE, REAR
Any lot line not a front or side lot line. The rear lot line for a triangular shaped lot shall be a line ten (10) feet long drawn between the lot's side lot lines and parallel to the front lot line.
LOT LINE, SIDE
The lot lines that intersect with a lot's front line.
LOT OF RECORD
A lot which exists as shown or described on a plat or deed in the records of the appropriate County Recorder of Deeds and recorded prior to March 15, 1982.
LOT, THROUGH
A lot having frontage on two (2) parallel streets or which fronts upon two (2) streets which do not intersect at the boundaries of the lot.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth along a line parallel to the front lot line at the minimum required building setback line.
LOWEST FLOOR
The lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area (including basement). An unfinished or flood-resistant enclosure, usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage, in an area other than a basement area, is not considered a building's lowest floor, provided that such enclosure is not built so as to render the structure in violation of the applicable floodproofing design requirements of this Chapter.
LUMINAIRE
A complete lighting unit consisting of a light source and all necessary mechanical, electrical and decorative parts.
MAIN
In any system of continuous piping, the principal artery of the system to which branches may be connected.
MAINTENANCE GUARANTEE
Any security that may be required and accepted by a governmental agency to ensure those necessary improvements will function as required for a specific period of time.
MAJOR SUBDIVISION
Any subdivision not classified as a minor subdivision.
MANUFACTURED HOME DEVELOPMENT
A site with required improvements and utilities for the long-term placement of manufactured homes for dwelling purposes. Services and facilities for residents of the development may also be included on the site.
MANUFACTURED HOUSING UNIT
A transportable, factory-built structure that is manufactured in accordance with the Federal Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. Section 5401) and that is designed to be used as a single dwelling unit.
MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY
An establishment engaged in the manufacture, predominately from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment and packaging of such products and incidental storage, sales and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industry.
MAP
The Flood Hazard Boundary Map (FHBM) or the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) for a community issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
MARGINAL ACCESS STREET
A service street that runs parallel to a higher-order street which, for purposes of safety, provides access to abutting properties and separation from through traffic. May be designed as a residential access street or subcollector as anticipated daily traffic dictates.
MARKET VALUE OR FAIR MARKET VALUE
An estimate of what is fair, economic, just and equitable value under normal market conditions.
MASTER PLAN
See "COMPREHENSIVE PLAN".
MAXIMUM PERMITTED ILLUMINATION
The maximum illumination measured in foot-candles at the interior bufferyard line, or property line if no bufferyard is required, at ground level in accordance with the standards of Section 405.250.
MEAN SEA LEVEL
For purposes of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), the National Geodetic Vertical Datum (NGVD) of the 1929 or other datum to which base flood elevations shown on a community's Flood Insurance Rate Map are referenced.
MEDICAL SERVICE
A use providing therapeutic, preventive or corrective personal treatment services on an out-patient basis by physicians, dentists and other practitioners of the medical or healing arts and the provision of medical testing and analysis services. Typical uses include clinics and offices for doctors of medicine, dentists, chiropractors, osteopaths, optometrists, blood banks and medical laboratories.
MILITARY SERVICE
A facility used or intended to be used by a branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, including military reserves.
MINING OR QUARRYING
The extraction of metallic and non-metallic minerals, excluding oil or natural gas. Typical uses include sand and gravel pit operations, quarries and mines.
MINOR SUBDIVISION
A subdivision of land of not more than five (5) lots, provided that such subdivision does not involve a planned development, any new street or the extension of a utility or other municipal facility.
MOBILE HOME
A transportable, factory-built structure that was manufactured prior to the enactment of the Federal Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. Section 5401) and that is designed to be used as a single dwelling unit.
MOBILE HOME DEVELOPMENT
A site with required improvements and utilities for the long-term placement of mobile homes for dwelling purposes. Services and facilities for residents of the development may also be included on the site.
MODULAR HOME
A factory-built transportable structure which bears the seal of the State of Missouri Public Service Commission or is built to the UBC Basic Code as adopted by the City of Oak Grove and which does not have its own running gear and is designed to be used as a dwelling unit with a permanent foundation.
MOUNTABLE CURB
A low curb with a flat slope designed to be crossed easily without discomfort.
MULTI-FAMILY
The use of a site for three (3) or more dwelling units within a single building. Typical uses include triplexes, four-plexes, apartments and residential condominiums.
NEW CONSTRUCTION
For the purposes of determining insurance rates, structures for which the "start of construction" commenced on or after the effective date of an initial FIRM or after December 31, 1974, whichever is later, and includes any subsequent improvements to such structures.
NFIP
The National Flood Insurance Program.
NON-CONFORMING STRUCTURE
Any structure that does not meet the limitations on structure size and location on a lot for the district in which such structure is located and for the use to which such structure is being put at the time the structure was established.
NON-CONFORMING USE
A use of land that does not comply with the use regulations for its zoning district but which complied with applicable regulations at the time the use was established.
OFFICE, GENERAL
A use providing executive, management, administrative or professional services, but not medical or dental services or the sale of merchandise, except as incidental to a permitted use. Typical uses include real estate, insurance, property management, investment, employment, travel, advertising, law, architecture, design, engineering, accounting and similar offices.
OFF-PREMISE SIGN
Any sign other than an on-premise sign.
OFF-SITE
Located outside the lot lines of the lot in question but within the property (of which the lot is a part) that is the subject of a development application or on a contiguous portion of a street or right-of-way.
OIL AND GAS DRILLING/REFINING
The subsurface extraction or refining of oil or natural gas.
ON-SITE
Located on the lot in question.
OPEN SPACE
Any occupied space on a lot that is unobstructed to the sky except for the ordinary projection of cornices and eaves. Open space shall not include areas covered by structures, decks, porches, parking areas, driveways, internal streets and other forms of impervious surfaces. Water bodies that are not subject to public ownership shall also be included as open space.
ORDINARY MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
Where the purpose of the work is stabilization or is normal, customary and routine affecting the exterior of the structure or the outside of the site.
OUTDOOR DISPLAY
The placement of products in their finished state for public viewing as a means of advertising. Such products may include automobiles, portable buildings, outdoor furniture and other similar items. Landscape materials such as mulch, rock and plant material may be displayed as part of a finished landscape but may not be displayed in bulk.
OUTDOOR STORAGE
The placement of raw materials prior to manufacture or sale. Items may include lumber, fencing or bulk landscape materials.
OWNER
The property owner of record according to the County Recorder of Deeds.
PARKING AREA, OFF-STREET
A permanently surfaced, dust-free area (concrete, asphaltic concrete or other comparable surface) enclosed or unenclosed for the short-term storage of automobiles.
PARKING LOT, COMMERCIAL
An area used or intended to be used for the off-street parking of operable motor vehicles on a temporary basis, other than as accessory parking to a principal use.
PARKS AND RECREATION
A park, playground or community facility, owned by or under the control of a public agency or property owners' association, that provides opportunities for active or passive recreational activities.
PARTICIPATING COMMUNITY
Also known as an "eligible community" means a community in which the Administrator has authorized the sale of flood insurance.
PAVING
Brick, stone, asphalt or other impervious dustless material placed on the surface of the land.
PEAK HOUR TRIPS
Total number of trip ends generated by a site during the hour when the adjacent street carries the maximum number of trips or during the hour when the site generates the maximum number of trip ends.
PEDESTRIAN WAY
A separate right-of way dedicated to or reserved for public use by pedestrians which crosses blocks or other tracts of land to facilitate pedestrian access to adjacent streets and properties.
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE
Any security that may be accepted by a municipality as a guarantee that the improvements required as part of an application for development are satisfactorily completed.
PERSON
Any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, institution or legal entity, singular or plural.
PERVIOUS SURFACE
Any material the allows the absorption of stormwater.
PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT
An area of a minimum contiguous size, as specified by ordinance, to be planned, developed, operated and maintained as a single entity containing one (1) or more structures to accommodate commercial, office or residential uses or all in any combination thereof and appurtenant common area and other uses incidental to the predominant uses.
PLAT
A map or maps of a subdivision or site plan.
PORCH
A roofed, open area usually attached to or part of and with indirect access to or from a building. A porch becomes a room when the space enclosed is heated or air conditioned or, if glazed, when the percentage of the window area to wall area of the porch, not attached to the building, is less than seventy-five percent (75%).
PORCH, OPEN
A porch where at least seventy-five percent (75%) of the sides of the porch not attached to the building are empty voids and whose voids are neither glazed nor screened.
POST OFFICE
A facility used for the collection, sorting and distribution of U.S. mail among several zip code areas and having limited retail services for the public, such as the sale of stamps, postcards and postal insurance.
PRE-APPLICATION CONFERENCE
An initial meeting between developers and municipal representatives which affords developers the opportunity to present their proposals informally.
PRELIMINARY APPROVAL
The City and the applicant have agreed upon the conferral of certain rights prior to final approval after specific elements of a development plan.
PRELIMINARY PLAT
A map indicating the proposed layout of a development and related information that is submitted for preliminary approval.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
A building in which a principal use is conducted.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary use and chief purpose of a lot or structure.
PRINCIPALLY ABOVE GROUND
At least fifty-one percent (51%) of the actual cash value of the structure, less land value, is above ground.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING
The production of books, magazines, newspapers and other printed matter and record pressing and publishing, engraving and photoengraving, but excluding businesses involved solely in retail photocopying, reproduction, photo developing or blueprinting services. (See "RETAIL SALES AND SERVICE").
PROPORTION
The relative physical size within and between buildings and building components.
PUBLIC
Maintained for or used by the people of the City of Oak Grove on a non-commercial basis.
PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
An action by the City of Oak Grove or any of its departments or agencies involving major modification or replacement of streets, sidewalks, curbs, street lights, street or sidewalk furniture, landscaping or other portions of the public infrastructure.
RECREATION AND ENTERTAINMENT, INDOOR
A use offering recreation, entertainment or games of skill to the public for a fee or charge and that is wholly enclosed in a building. Typical uses include bowling alleys, indoor theaters, bingo parlors, pool halls, billiard parlors and video game arcades.
RECREATION AND ENTERTAINMENT, OUTDOOR
A use offering recreation, entertainment or games of skill to the public for a fee or charge wherein any portion of the activity takes place in the open. Typical uses include archery ranges, batting cages, golf driving ranges, drive-in theaters and miniature golf courses.
[Ord. No. 1807 §3, 11-17-2014]
1. 
A vehicular-type unit designed for temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, or travel use, which either has its own motive power or is mounted on or drawn by another vehicle.
a. 
An RV not containing sanitary facilities and/or devices for connecting the facilities to a community waste disposal system.
b. 
An RV containing sanitary facilities and devices for connecting the facilities to a community waste disposal system.
2. 
The term "recreational vehicle" shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
a. 
A vehicular, portable structure built on a chassis and drawn by a motorized vehicle and which is designed to be used as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation uses;
b. 
A structure designed to be mounted on a truck chassis for use as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation uses;
c. 
A portable, temporary dwelling to be used for travel, recreational and vacation uses and which is constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle;
d. 
A folding structure mounted on wheels and designed for travel, recreational and vacation uses;
e. 
A trailer-type unit that is primarily designed to provide temporary living quarters for recreational, camping or seasonal use, that meets the following criteria:
(1) 
Built on a single chassis, mounted on wheels;
(2) 
Having a gross trailer area not exceeding four hundred (400) square feet (37.15 square meters) in the setup mode; and
(3) 
Certified by the manufacturer as complying with ANSI A119.5;
f. 
Tents. An enclosed structure or shelter fabricated entirely or in major part of cloth, canvas, plastic or similar material which is erected for periods not exceeding thirty (30) days for recreational or vacation purposes. For the purpose of this Code, a tent shall be considered as a dependent camping vehicle.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK
Land used or intended to be used for occupancy by recreational vehicles for transient living purposes, including the use of camping spaces for tents.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE SPACE
A designated and defined parcel of land within a recreational vehicle park intended for temporary location of a recreational vehicle as a dwelling unit.
[Ord. No. 1807 §3, 11-17-2014]
RELIGIOUS ASSEMBLY
A site used by a bona fide religious group primarily or exclusively for religious worship and related religious services, including a place of worship, retreat site or religious camp.
RELOCATION
Any relocation of a structure, object or artifact on its site or to another site.
REMODEL
Any interior or exterior change to a structure not including a change in a load-bearing member of a structure.
REPAIR SERVICE
A use primarily engaged in the provision of repair services to individuals and households, but excluding vehicle repair services. Typical uses include appliance repair shops.
RESEARCH SERVICE
A use engaged in conducting basic and applied research, including production of prototype products when limited to the minimum scale necessary for full investigation of the merits of a product, excluding production of products used primarily or customarily for sale or for use in non-prototype production operations.
RESTAURANT, FAST-FOOD
A use primarily engaged in the sale of food and non-alcoholic beverages in a ready-to-consume state. The design or principal method of operation is that of a fast-food or drive-in restaurant offering quick food service; where orders are generally not taken at the customer's table; where food is generally served in disposable wrapping or containers; and where food and beverages may be served directly to the customer in a motor vehicle.
RESTAURANT, GENERAL
A use where the principal business is the sale of food and beverages in a ready-to-consume state.
RETAIL SALES AND SERVICE
A use engaged in the sale or rental of goods and services, excluding uses more specifically defined.
RETENTION BASIN
A pond, pool or basin used for the permanent storage of water runoff.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
A strip of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, crosswalk, railroad, road, electric transmission line, gas pipeline, water main, sanitary or storm sewer main, shade trees or for another special use.
RISK PREMIUM RATES
Those rates established by the Administrator pursuant to individual community studies and investigations which are undertaken to provide flood insurance in accordance with Section 1037 of the National Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 and the accepted actuarial principles. Risk premium rates include provisions for operating costs and allowances.
ROADWAY
The actual road surface area from curbline to curbline, which may include travel lanes and parking lanes. Where there are no curbs, the roadway is that portion between the edges of the paved or hard surface width.
SAFETY SERVICE
A facility for conduct of public safety and emergency services, including fire and Police protection services and emergency medical and ambulance services.
SALE OR LEASE
Any immediate or further transfer of ownership, including contract of sale or transfer of an interest in a subdivision or part thereof, whether by meters and bounds, deed, contact, plat, map or other written instrument.
SALVAGE YARD
A lot, land or structure or part thereof used primarily for the collecting, dismantling, storage and salvaging of machinery or vehicles that are not in operating condition or for the sale of parts thereof. Typical uses include automobile salvage yards and junk yards.
SCALE
The harmonious proportion of parts of a building or structure to one another and to the human figure.
SCHOOL, ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE OR HIGH
The use of a site for instructional purposes on an elementary or secondary level.
SEPTIC SYSTEM
An underground system with a septic tank used for the decomposition of domestic waste.
SERVICE STATION, AUTOMOTIVE
A use primarily engaged in the retail sale of gasoline or other motor fuels to automobiles and passenger vehicles, along with accessory activities such as the sale of lubricants, accessories or supplies, the lubrication of motor vehicles and the minor adjustment or repair of passenger motor vehicles. Uses involved primarily in the sale of diesel fuel, gasoline or other fuels to tractor trucks and uses that feature parking, storage or servicing of tractor trucks or semi-trailers shall be classified as "Truck Stop Service Stations".
SERVICE STATION, TRUCK STOP
A use primarily engaged in the sale of diesel fuel, gasoline or other fuels to tractor trucks, along with accessory activities such as the sale of lubricants, accessories or supplies or the servicing of tractor trucks or semi-trailers. A truck stop service station may include, as an accessory use, the parking and storage of tractor trucks or semi-trailers.
SETBACK
The required minimum horizontal distance between the lot line and the nearest front, side or rear line of the building, as the case may be.
SEWER
Any pipe conduit used to collect and carry sewage or stormwater runoff from the generating source to treatment plant or receiving streams.
SHOOTING RANGE, OUTDOOR
An outdoor facility used or intended to be used for the discharge of firearms at targets.
1. 
The business of making loans for a period of thirty (30) days or less in duration, intended to coincide with the period from one payday of the borrower to the next, and in principle amounts of five hundred dollars ($500.00) or less.
2. 
A business that primarily lends money with the pledge of personal property as collateral, evidenced by a certificate of title issued by the State of Missouri, and regulated under Sections 367.500 through 367.533, RSMo., as from time-to-time amended.
SIDEWALK
A paved path provided for pedestrian use and usually located at the side of a road within the right-of-way.
SIGHT TRIANGLE
A triangular-shaped portion of land established at street intersections in which nothing is erected, placed, planted or allowed to grow in such a manner as to limit or obstruct the sight distance of motorists entering or leaving the intersection.
SIGN
Any medium, including its structure and component parts, that is used or intended to be used to attract attention for identification, announcement or advertising purposes. This definition applies to all signs with letters, emblems or logos of more than three (3) inches in height. Signs on vending machines will be counted in the allowable sign area. If located against the building facade, they will not be counted as a freestanding sign.
SIGN AREA
The area of the face of the sign within a perimeter that forms the outside shape, but excluding the necessary supports or uprights that the sign may be placed unless these supports or uprights are designed as part of the sign. If the sign consists of more than one (1) section or module, all areas will be totaled. The area of an irregularly shaped sign shall be computed using the actual sign face surface. In the case of an irregularly shaped sign or a sign with letters and/or symbols directly affixed to or painted on the wall of a building or a window, the area of the sign shall be the entire area within a single continuous rectilinear perimeter of not more than eight (8) straight lines enclosing the extreme limits of writing, representation, emblem or any figure or similar character, together with any logo material or color forming an integral part or backdrop of the display or used to differentiate such sign from the backdrop or structure.
SIGN, ATTACHED
Any sign substantially and permanent attached to, applied on, structurally connected to, painted on, engraved on, etched on or supported by any part of a building.
SIGN, BACK-TO-BACK
A sign with copy on two (2) parallel faces that are facing in opposite directions not separated by more than twelve (12) inches. The area of a back-to-back sign is calculated on one (1) face only.
SIGN BANNER
A sign having the character, letters, illustrations or ornamentation applied to cloth, or lightweight fabric material for advertising a product, business, service, show, property, or carnival.
SIGN, BILLBOARD
Any sign with a sign area in excess of three hundred fifty (350) square feet that advertises or directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered at a location other than the premise that the sign is located.
SIGN, CHANGEABLE COPY
A sign such as a manual, electronic or electric controlled time and temperature sign, message center or reader board, whether electronic, electric or manual, where copy changes. Any sign may be, or include as part of it, a changeable message sign.
SIGN, DETACHED
Any sign other than an attached sign and including any inoperable vehicle or any trailer located for the primary purpose of advertising.
SIGN, DIRECTIONAL
Any sign that serves solely to designate the location of or direction to any premise or area.
SIGN, FLAT
Any sign that the back is attached flat against any part of a building or structure and that does not extend outward more than six (6) inches or any sign painted upon any building or structure or upon a window thereof.
SIGN, ILLUMINATED
A sign lighted by electricity or any other source of power. A sign with an artificial light source incorporated internally or externally for the purpose of illuminating the sign.
SIGN, MONUMENT
A freestanding sign mounted on an enclosed, structural base which base length is equal to or greater than the length of the sign face, which base depth is not narrower than the structure containing the sign face or twelve (12) inches, whichever is greater, and which total overall height does not exceed eight (8) feet.
SIGN, NON-CONFORMING
Any sign that was in existence and displayed on the effective date of this Sign Code but that does not conform to the requirements and limitations hereof or any sign that was lawfully in existence and displayed on the effective date of any amendment to this Sign Code but that does not conform to such amendment.
SIGN, ON-PREMISE
Any sign designating the name of the owner or occupant of the premises upon which the sign is placed, or identifying such premises, or advertising goods manufactured or produced, or services rendered on or listing the sale or lease of the premises upon which the entire sign is located.
SIGN, PERMANENT
Any sign which is not a temporary sign.
SIGN, POLE
A sign supported by a sign structure in the ground and that is wholly independent of any building, other than the sign structure, for support.
SIGN, PORTABLE
Any sign not permanently attached to the ground or other permanent structure or a sign designed to be transported by means of wheels.
SIGN, PROJECTING
Any sign attached to any part of a building or structure and that extends outward more than six (6) inches. Canopies and awnings shall not be considered projecting signs if they do not contain signage information. However, when they do provide signage information, canopies and awnings shall constitute projecting signs.
SIGN, SPECIAL EVENT
A sign that carries a message regarding a special event or function that is of general interest to the community and does not include for-profit business promotional activities that are strictly commercial in nature. Such signs may include banners or seasonal decorations and may be placed within the right-of-way.
SIGN STRUCTURE
Any words, numbers, figures, devices, designs or trademarks by which anything is made known, such as are used to designate an individual, a firm, profession, business or a commodity and which are visible from any public street. Any device that supports, has supported or is designed to support a sign, including any decorative cover, exclusive of any copy.
SIGN, TEMPORARY (PORTABLE SIGNS)
A sign which either:
1. 
Is not permanently attached to any structure building, motor vehicle or the ground;
2. 
Is intended for a limited display period covering a special event; or
3. 
Is designed and constructed to be movable from one location to another.
SIGN, VEHICULAR
Any sign permanently attached to a motor vehicle.
SIGN, WINDOW
Any sign advertising sales of specials attached to any window visible from a public right-of-way. Window signs must be located inside the window and shall be limited to only temporary advertisement of sales or specials. When a sign is permanently painted on or otherwise attached or applied to the window area so as to be visible to the general public, then such sign shall be included in the total allowable sign area for the building. Window signs shall not be placed on door windows or other windows needed to be clear for pedestrian safety.
SITE PLAN
An accurately scaled development plan that illustrates the existing conditions on a land parcel, as well as depicting details of a proposed development.
SKETCH PLAN
A rough plan of a proposed subdivision or other development.
SOLID SCREENING
A device or materials used to conceal one (1) element of a development from other elements or from adjacent or contiguous development. Screening may include one (1) or a combination of the following materials of sufficient mass to be opaque or that shall become opaque after twelve (12) months and which shall be maintained in an opaque condition: solid fences, walls, berms, plantings or other features. A chain link fence with plastic or wooden inserts shall not be considered solid screening.
SOLID WASTE COLLECTION/PROCESSING
Incinerators, processing facilities, materials recovery facilities, solid waste transfer stations or any facility where municipal solid wastes are salvaged, sorted, processed or treated.
SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD AREA
See "AREA OF SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD".
SPECIAL HAZARD AREA
An area shown on an FHBM or FIRM as Zones (unnumbered or numbered) A, AO, AE or AH.
START OF CONSTRUCTION
Includes substantial improvements and means the date the building permit was issued, provided the actual start of construction, repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, replacement or other improvements were within one hundred eighty (180) days of the permit date. The "actual start" means either the first (1st) placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site, such as the pouring of slabs or footings, the installation of piles, the construction of columns and work beyond the stage of excavation or the placement of a manufactured home on a foundation. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading or filling, the installation of streets and/or sidewalks, excavation for a basement, footings, piers, foundations, the erection of temporary forms, nor installation on the property of accessory buildings, such as garages or sheds not occupied as dwelling units or not part of the main structure. For a substantial improvement, the "actual start of construction" means the first (1st) alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor or other structural part of the building, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the building.
STATE COORDINATING AGENCY
That agency of the State Government or other office designated by the Governor of the State or by State Statute at the request of the Administrator to assist in the implementation of the National Flood Insurance Program in that State.
STOCKYARD
A non-farm-based facility used or intended to be used for selling or holding livestock.
STORY
That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the next floor above it or, if there is no floor above it, then the space between such floor and the ceiling next above it.
STORY, FIRST
The lowest story in a building that qualifies as a story as defined herein, except that a floor level in a building having only one (1) floor level shall be classified as a story, provided such floor level is not more than four (4) feet below grade, as defined herein, for more than fifty percent (50%) of the total perimeter or not more than eight (8) feet below grade, as defined herein, at any point.
STREET
A public or private way used or intended to be used for passage or travel by motor vehicles. Streets are further classified by the functions they perform as follows:
1. 
Primary arterial.
2. 
Secondary arterial.
3. 
Collector.
4. 
Local.
STREET, COLLECTOR
A street which collects and distributes traffic to and from local and arterial street systems and is primarily intended to provide for low-to-moderate volume, low speed and short length trips while also providing access to abutting property.
STREET GRADE
The highest altitude of the street vertically under any portion of the sign or its supports.
STREET, LOCAL
A street primarily providing direct access to abutting properties and designed to accommodate low-volume, low-speed traffic (typically less than five hundred (500) vehicles per day).
STREET, PRIMARY ARTERIAL
A street primarily intended to provide for high-volume, moderate-speed traffic (normally carrying ten thousand (10,000) to fifteen thousand (15,000) vehicles per day) and moderate to extended trip length traffic movement between major activity centers. Access to abutting property is subordinate to major traffic movement and is subject to the necessary control of entrances and exits.
STREET, SECONDARY ARTERIAL
A street that interconnects, augments and feeds the primary arterial system and is intended for moderate-volume, moderate-speed traffic (with a volume range of five thousand (5,000) to ten thousand (10,000) vehicles per day) and short to moderate trip lengths. Access to abutting property is partially controlled.
STREET WIDTH
The horizontal distance between the outside edges of a street's pavement, including any curbing and guttering, measured at right angles to the street's centerline.
STRUCTURE
Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires permanent or temporary location on or in the ground, including, but not without limiting the generality of the foregoing: houses, buildings, barns, backstops for tennis courts, bridges, fences, pergolas, parking lots, gazebos, radio and television antennae, signs, solar collectors, microwave antennae including supporting towers, roads, ruins or remnants (including foundations), swimming pools, walkways, septic systems or any similar item.
STUDIO, TELEVISION OR FILM
A use primarily engaged in the provision of recording or broadcasting services accomplished through the use of electronic mechanisms.
SUBDIVIDER
A person, firm, corporation, partnership or association which causes land to be divided into a subdivision for itself or for others.
SUBDIVISION
The division of tract of land into two (2) or more lots or parcels for the purpose of transfer of ownership or building development or, if a new street is involved, any division of a parcel of land. However, the division of land shall not be considered to be a subdivision when the smallest parcel created is more than forty (40) acres in area. The term "subdivision" includes resubdivision and the term "resubdivision", as used herein, shall include any further subdivision of a lot or parcel of land previously subdivided for sale, use or other purpose which vary from the latest, approved plat of the same.
SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE
Damage of any original sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to a pre-damaged condition would equal or exceed fifty percent (50%) of the market value of the structure before start of construction of the improvement.
SURVEYOR
A professional land surveyor registered in the State of Missouri.
TEMPORARY PROMOTIONAL USE
An activity which may commonly be described as carnival rides or amusement park rides as accessory uses to an existing and legally conforming business use or uses and for the purposes of promoting business sales and/or raising funds for community service organizations or for the purpose of promoting any special event, any community educational campaign, any membership drive or any other similar promotion and which activity is established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such activity upon the expiration of the time period.
TERRACE
A level, landscaped area directly adjacent to a principal building at or within three (3) feet of the finished grade and not covered by a permanent roof or enclosed by temporary or permanent walls.
TOWER
A structure with a fixed location which is designed primarily with the objective of obtaining an elevation above other objects to support an antenna or other device for receiving or transmitting radio, television, microwave or other telecommunications or signals. This definition does not apply to utility poles.
TRANSIT FACILITY
A facility used or intended to be used as an area for loading, unloading and interchange of transit passengers. Typical uses include bus terminals, rail stations and passenger-related mass transit facilities.
TRANSITIONAL LIVING CENTER
State licensed group-care homes for juvenile delinquents, halfway houses providing residence, rehabilitation and counseling to persons on release from a more restrictive custodial confinement and residential rehabilitation treatment centers which also may provide out-patient rehabilitation for alcohol and other drug abuse.
TRIP ENDS
The total number of all trips entering plus all trips leaving a designated site over a given period of time.
TUTORING
The provision of instruction.
UNDEVELOPED LAND
Land in its natural state before development.
UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT CODE (UDC)
The duly approved, enacted and amended ordinance which controls and regulates zoning in the City of Oak Grove.
UNINHABITABLE
Lands that are subject to flooding or otherwise deemed uninhabitable/unusable in their natural state by the Planning Commission and City Council shall not be platted for residential use or for any other use that might create a danger to health, safety or property, or which might increase the flooding hazard within or outside the subdivision. Such lands shall be set aside for recreational use or shall be retained in their natural state as open space; provided however, that such lands may be platted and developed if the features making the lands uninhabitable/unusable can reasonably be removed without destruction of adjacent or nearby property or desirable natural features of the land and if necessary approval is obtained from the Planning and Zoning Commission and the City Council. In all platting adjacent to such area, adequate provisions for access to said areas, as determined by the City Engineer, shall be provided.
USABLE OPEN SPACE
An area that is intended to provide light and air and is designed for either environmental, scenic or recreational purposes. Usable open space may include, but is not limited to, lawns, decorative plantings, walkways, active and passive recreational area, playgrounds, fountains, swimming pools, wooded areas and watercourses. Usable open space shall not include, but is not limited to, manmade reservoirs or dams, retention or detention ponds, driveways, parking lots or other surfaces intended for vehicular travel. Usable open space shall also not include any other manmade elements that will take away or cause to take away from the original lot area.
USE
The conduct of an activity or the performance of a function or operation on a site or in a building or facility.
USGS (ALSO USC&G AND USC&GS)
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.
UTILITY, MAJOR
Generating plants; electrical switching facilities and primary substations; water and wastewater treatment plants; water tanks; and similar facilities of agencies that are under public franchise or ownership to provide the public with electricity, gas, heat, steam, communication, rail transportation, water, sewage collection or other similar service. The term "utility" shall not be construed to include corporate or general offices, gas or oil processing, manufacturing facilities, postal facilities or other uses defined in this Section.
UTILITY, MINOR
Services and facilities of agencies that are under public franchise or ownership to provide services that are essential to support development and that involve only minor structures, such as poles and lines.
VARIANCE (FLOODPLAIN)
A grant of relief by the community from the terms of the floodplain management regulations. Flood insurance requirements remain in place for any varied use or structure and cannot be varied by the community.
VARIANCE (STRUCTURE OR USE)
A waiver from compliance with a specific provision granted to a particular property owner because of the practical difficulties or unnecessary hardship that would be imposed by the strict application of that provision of this Unified Development Code. The granting of variances on zoning is the responsibility of the Board of Zoning Adjustment.
VARIANCE (SUBDIVISION)
A waiver from compliance with a specific provision granted to a particular property owner because of the practical difficulties or unnecessary hardship that would be imposed by the strict application of that provision of this Unified Development Code. A recommendation for approval of a variance is made by the Planning and Zoning Commission and final approval is granted by the Board of Aldermen by acceptance of the final plat.
VEHICLE
Any mechanical device on wheels in or by which any person or property is or can be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively on stationary rails or trucks.
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT SALES
A use engaged in the retail or wholesale sale or rental from the premises of motorized vehicles or equipment, along with incidental service or maintenance activities. Typical uses include new and used automobile and truck sales, automobile rental, boat sales, motorcycle sales, moving trailer rental and farm equipment and machinery sales and rental.
VEHICLE/EQUIPMENT STORAGE YARD
An outdoor area used or intended to be used for long-term storage of vehicles and equipment, other than a commercial parking lot or accessory parking to a principal use.
VEHICLE REPAIR, GENERAL
A use primarily engaged in painting of or body work to motor vehicles or heavy equipment. Typical uses include paint and body shops.
VEHICLE REPAIR, LIMITED
A use providing automobile repair or maintenance services within completely enclosed buildings, but not including general vehicle repair services.
VIBRATION
The effect produced by any physical process characterized by a periodic and usually rapid, oscillatory motion sufficient to cause annoyance or discomfort, however, excluding blasting operations for quarries and temporary construction activities.
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
A use providing education or training in business, commercial trades, language, arts or other similar activity or occupational pursuit and not otherwise defined as a college or university or school.
WAREHOUSE, RESIDENTIAL STORAGE
An enclosed storage facility containing independent, fully enclosed bays that are leased to individuals exclusively for long-term storage of household goods or personal property.
WAREHOUSING AND WHOLESALE
A use primarily engaged in the storage or sales of materials, equipment or products to wholesalers or retailers. Typical uses include cold storage, warehousing and long-term storage facilities, but excluding residential storage warehouses and sales of goods to the general public.
WATERCOURSE
A running stream of water; a natural stream fed from permanent or natural sources, including rivers, creeks and streams. It must flow in a definite channel, having a bed or banks. It must be something more than surface drainage over the land.
WELDING OR MACHINE SHOP
A workshop where machines, machine parts or other metal products are fabricated. Typical uses include machine shops, welding shops and sheet metal shops.
WORKING DAYS
The days of the week, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and recognized holidays, during which normal business is conducted by the City of Oak Grove. If only days are stated, then Saturdays, Sundays and holidays shall be included.
YARD
An open space located on the same lot as and that lies between the principal or accessory building or buildings and the nearest lot line. Such yard is unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise noted provided herein.
YARD, FRONT
An open space extending the full width of the lot between the nearest principal building and the front lot line and measured perpendicular to the front lot line. The minimum front yard required in each district of this Chapter shall be unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise provided herein.
YARD, REAR
An open space extending the full width of the lot between the nearest principal building and the rear lot line and measured perpendicular to the rear building line. The minimum rear yard required in each district of this Chapter shall be unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise provided herein.
YARD, SIDE
An open space extending from the front yard to the rear yard between the nearest principal building and the side lot line and measured perpendicular from the side lot line. The minimum side yard required in each district of this Chapter shall be unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise noted.
ZERO LOT LINE
The location of a building on a lot in such a manner that one (1) or more of the building sides is directly on the lot line.