Village of Spring Lake, MI
Ottawa County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
This article describes procedures and standards for approval of special land uses. These uses, because of their unique characteristics, require special consideration in relation to the welfare of adjacent properties and the community as a whole. The regulations and standards herein are designed to allow reasonable uses of land while maintaining adequate provisions for the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the community.
A. 
Application for approval of a special land use shall be made by submittal of the following to the Zoning Administrator:
(1) 
Twelve copies of the site plan containing all of the information required by Article XXIV, provided that the Zoning Administrator may waive any of the submittal requirements contained in Article XXIV which he deems not necessary or inapplicable.
(2) 
A legal description, either by metes and bounds or by subdivision lot and block, and a street address.
(3) 
A completed application on a form provided by the Village.
(4) 
Payment of an application fee, which shall be nonrefundable, as established from time to time by resolution of the Village Council.
B. 
In cases where a public hearing on the special land use is required, the application shall be submitted at least 21 days prior to the desired public hearing date.
A. 
Procedure for special land uses:
(1) 
Upon receipt of an application for approval of a special land use, the Zoning Administrator shall cause notice to be given, in accordance with the Zoning Enabling Act. The notice shall:
[Amended 12-20-2010 by Ord. No. 320]
(a) 
Describe the nature of the special land use request;
(b) 
Describe the property which is the subject of the special land use request, by both legal description and street address;
(c) 
State when and where a public hearing on the special land use request will be held; and
(d) 
State when and where written comments will be received concerning the special land use request.
(2) 
Following notice, the Planning Commission shall hold a public hearing on the special land use request, and the Planning Commission shall thereafter be responsible for consideration and action on the special use request, in accordance with the standards for approval contained in this article.
B. 
Procedure for home occupation.
(1) 
Upon receipt of an application for approval of a home occupation as a special use, the Zoning Administrator shall cause notice to be given, in accordance with the Zoning Enabling Act. This notice shall:
(a) 
Describe the nature of the home occupation special use request;
(b) 
Describe the property which is the subject of the home occupation special use request, by both legal description and street address;
(c) 
State that a public hearing before the Planning Commission may be requested in writing by the applicant or a property owner or occupant of a structure located within 300 feet of the property being considered for the home occupation special use, within 10 days of the notice date;
(d) 
State when and where the home occupation special use request will be considered; and
(e) 
State when and where written comments will be received concerning the special land use request.
(2) 
If a written request for a public hearing is received within 10 days of the date of notice by the applicant or by a property owner or occupant of a structure located within 300 feet for the property being considered for the home occupation, the Zoning Administrator shall cause notice of a public hearing to be given, in accordance with the Zoning Enabling Act. The notice shall contain all of the information required by § 390-195A(1)(a) through (d). above.
(3) 
Following notice, the Planning Commission shall hold a public hearing on the home occupation special use request, and the Planning Commission shall thereafter be responsible for consideration and action on the home occupation special use request, in accordance with that standards contained in this article.
(4) 
If written request for a public hearing is not received within such ten-day period, the Zoning Administrator shall thereafter be responsible for consideration and action on the home occupation special use request, in accordance with the standards for approval contained in this article; provided, however, that the Zoning Administrator may, at his discretion, decline to take action concerning the home occupation special use request, and instead, initiate a public hearing and refer the home occupation special use request to the Planning Commission for a hearing and action as provided herein.
A. 
The Planning Commission or the Zoning Administrator, as applicable, may approve, approve with conditions or deny the special land use request, based upon review and consideration of materials submitted with the application and comments received at the public hearing, if one is held. The Commission or Zoning Administrator shall approve, or approve with conditions, a special land use request only upon a finding that all of the following standards for approval are complied with:
(1) 
That the use is designed and constructed, and will be operated and maintained so as to be harmonious and appropriate in appearance with the existing or intended character of the general vicinity and that such use will not change the essential character of the area in which it is proposed.
(2) 
The use is, or will be, served adequately by public services and facilities, including, but not limited to streets, police and fire protection, drainage structures, refuse disposal, water and sewer facilities and schools.
(3) 
The use does not involve activities, processes, materials and equipment or conditions of operation that will be detrimental to any persons, property or the general welfare by reason of traffic, noise, smoke, fumes, glare or odors.
(4) 
The site plan proposed for such use demonstrates compliance with the special land use specific requirements contained in § 390-199 of this article.
B. 
The Planning Commission or Zoning Administrator, as applicable, may impose reasonable conditions in conjunction with approval of a special land use which are deemed necessary to 1) insure that public services and facilities will be capable of accommodating increased service and facility loads caused by the proposed special land use, 2) protect the natural environment and conserve natural resources and energy, 3) insure compatibility with adjacent uses of land, and 4) promote the use of land in a socially and economically desirable manner. Conditions imposed shall comply with the Zoning Enabling Act.
C. 
The decision of the Planning Commission or Zoning Administrator, as applicable, shall be incorporated in a statement of conclusions specifying the basis of the decision and any conditions imposed. The decision and statement of conclusions, including conditions imposed on any approval, shall be kept and made a part of the minutes of the Planning Commission or as part of an official record.
A. 
A special land use approval granted pursuant to this article shall be valid for one year from the date of approval, unless approval is revoked as provided in § 390-198, or the special land use has been initiated or construction necessary for such use has been initiated and is proceeding meaningfully toward completion, in which case the approval shall remain valid indefinitely, unless the use is abandoned or discontinued for six consecutive months.
B. 
If, by the end of this one-year period, the special land use has not been initiated or the construction necessary for such use has not been initiated or, if construction has been initiated, it is not proceeding meaningfully toward completion, then the special land use approval shall be deemed expired and no longer valid.
C. 
A special land use approval, including conditions imposed, is attached to and shall run with the land for which the approval is granted, and shall be binding upon subsequent owners and all occupants of the subject land.
D. 
Applications for reapproval of an expired special land use approval shall be considered in the same manner as the original approval in accordance with the procedures in this article.
The Planning Commission may revoke any special land use approval, or take any other action allowed by law, if the applicant fails to comply with any of the applicable requirements in this article, any conditions placed on the original approval by the Planning Commission, or any other applicable provisions of this chapter. Prior to revoking a special land use approval, the Planning Commission shall conduct a public hearing and give notice of such hearing in accordance with § 390-195.
A. 
The special land uses for which specific requirements are provided are as follows:
[Amended 12-20-2010 by Ord. No. 320]
(1) 
Automobile service stations.
(2) 
Banks, credit unions, savings and loan institutions with drive-through facilities.
(3) 
Bed-and-breakfast establishments.
(4) 
Car washes, automatic or self-services.
(5) 
Electric substations and gas regulator stations.
(6) 
Foster-care group homes.
(7) 
Funeral homes.
(8) 
Gasoline sales.
(9) 
Group day-care homes.
(10) 
Hotels, motels.
(11) 
Indoor commercial recreation establishments.
(12) 
Marinas.
(13) 
Restaurants, including drive-through facilities.
(14) 
Restaurants, not including drive-through facilities.
(15) 
Retail businesses, a portion of which is conducted in the open air.
(16) 
Tool and die machinery shops.
(17) 
Two-family dwellings.
(18) 
Vehicle repair or storage establishments.
(19) 
Veterinary offices.
(20) 
Wholesale establishments and warehouses which sell packaged or repackaged products at retail on the premises.
(21) 
Assembly operations consisting only of limited assembly, fastening and packaging or repackaging of previously manufactured components.
(22) 
Parking lots.
(23) 
Adult day-care facilities.
(24) 
Community support facility.
B. 
The following requirements shall apply to any special land use approved after the effective date of this chapter. Uses lawfully in existence on the effective date of this chapter shall not be considered nonconforming uses or nonconforming structures by reason of noncompliance with the following requirements; provided, however, that the Planning Commission may, as a condition of approval of any special land use request for expansion or modification of such an existing use, require reasonable measures to be taken to eliminate existing noncompliance with these requirements.
(1) 
Automobile service stations.
(a) 
There shall be a minimum lot area of 12,000 square feet and minimum lot width of 100 feet.
(b) 
Pump islands shall be a minimum of 15 feet from any public right-of-way of lot line.
(c) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a solid fence or wall six feet in height shall be erected along the common lot line. Such fence or wall shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(d) 
All repair work shall be conducted completely within an enclosed building.
(e) 
Any materials or products stored outside and not for sale shall be completely enclosed by a solid fence, wall or landscape screen approved by the Planning Commission as part of the special land use approval. Such fence, wall or landscape shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(f) 
In the event that an automobile service station use has been abandoned or terminated for a period of more than one year, all underground gasoline storage tanks shall be removed from the premises.
(2) 
Banks, credit unions, savings and loan institutions with drive-through facilities.
(a) 
Only one ingress/egress driveway shall be permitted on any single street. A one-way-in/one-way-out driveway shall be counted as a single ingress/egress driveway.
(b) 
Sufficient stacking capacity for the drive-through facility shall be provided to ensure that traffic does not extend into the street. A minimum of five stacking spaces (including one space at the drive-through facility) per each drive-through facility station shall be provided in all cases. Spaces in addition to the minimum required shall be provided if determined by the Planning Commission to be necessary to ensure that traffic does not extend into the street. Stacking shall be planned so as to minimize conflicts with entering and exiting traffic, pedestrians and parking areas.
(3) 
Bed-and-breakfast establishments.
[Amended 11-23-2009 by Ord. No. 317]
(a) 
A bed-and-breakfast establishment shall only be permitted in a single-family detached dwelling which shall be owner occupied at all times. During temporary absences (up to 14 days in a calendar year) the owner's designee must be on the premises.
(b) 
A bed-and-breakfast establishment shall only be permitted on the following major streets in the Village: Savidge Street, West Exchange Street, and Liberty Street.
(c) 
The bed-and-breakfast shall not alter the residential character of the building or structure. The impact of the bed-and-breakfast shall be no greater than that of a private home with house guests.
(d) 
The rooms utilized for the bed-and-breakfast shall be a part of the principal residential use and not specifically constructed for rental purposes. Additions to the home to allow expansion of the bed-and-breakfast are not permitted. The residence shall not have or be converted to more rental rooms than the number of bedrooms which exist at the time of enactment of this article.
(e) 
The residential character of the dwelling shall be preserved, and no structural alterations, construction features, or site features of a nonresidential nature shall be permitted. No accessory building shall be used for bed-and-breakfast activities. The Planning Commission may permit the use of an existing carriage house as a guest sleeping area for a bed-and-breakfast.
(f) 
The total number of bedrooms rented to guests shall not exceed four.
(g) 
Meals may be served to overnight guests only and shall not be served to the public at large. No cooking facilities are allowed in individual rooms.
(h) 
No receptions, private parties, conferences, or other such activities shall be permitted. No conference/meeting rooms shall be permitted.
(i) 
Each sleeping room shall have a separate smoke detector alarm. There shall be a fire extinguisher in proper working order on every floor. There shall be at least two exits to the outdoors from the premises.
(j) 
Lavatories and bathing facilities shall be provided for all registered guests at a ratio of not less than one bathroom per two guest bedrooms.
(k) 
The maximum length of stay for any guests of the bed-and-breakfast operation shall be 14 consecutive days and not more than 30 days in any one year.
(l) 
All bed-and-breakfast operations shall maintain a guest register including name, address, phone number, and vehicle license number, and indicating the dates of arrival and departure, which shall be subject to inspection by the Zoning Administrator or Code Official during reasonable hours.
(m) 
Exterior refuse storage facilities beyond what might normally be expected for a single-family detached dwelling shall be prohibited.
(n) 
Accessory retail and service uses, including but not limited to gift shops, antique shops, restaurants, and bakeries shall be prohibited unless the bed-and-breakfast establishment is located in a commercial district where such uses are permitted. Additional parking shall be provided for such additional uses as required in § 390-183.
(o) 
Off-street parking shall be provided at a minimum ratio of two spaces for the residence plus one space for each permitted guest room. No parking shall be permitted in the front yard. No parking area shall be lighted except for a residential porch light as regulated in § 390-35. A landscape buffer shall separate the parking area from any adjacent residentially zoned or used property.
(p) 
A complete floor plan and site plan, including off-street parking, must be provided for review and approval of the Planning Commission.
(q) 
Rooms utilized for guest sleeping shall not exceed two occupants per room, not including children under the age of 12. Each room for guest sleeping shall contain at least 100 net square feet of room size.
(r) 
Each dwelling utilized as a bed-and-breakfast establishment shall comply with all applicable provisions of the State Construction Code, Building Code, Electrical Code, Plumbing Code, Mechanical Code, Property Maintenance Code, and Fire Prevention Code enforced by the Village. The bed-and-breakfast establishment shall secure all applicable state and local permits or certifications.
(s) 
All signs for the bed-and-breakfast establishment shall comply with the regulations in Article XXII of this chapter.
(t) 
Any property to be used for a bed-and-breakfast establishment shall be suitable for transient lodging facilities. In this connection, a bed-and-breakfast establishment shall meet the requirements of Chapter 271, Rental Units, Registration of, of the Code of the Village of Spring Lake, and shall be subject to periodic registrations and inspections as provided in said code.
(4) 
Car washes, automatic or self-service.
(a) 
Only one ingress/egress driveway shall be permitted on any single street. A one-way-in/one-way-out access shall be counted as a single ingress/egress driveway. Sufficient stacking capacity shall be provided to ensure that traffic does not extend into the street. Self-service car washes shall provide a minimum of four stacking spaces (including one in the wash stall) per each washing stall. Automatic washes shall provide a minimum of 15 stacking spaces (including two in the washing facility). Spaces in addition to the minimum required shall be provided if determined by the Planning Commission to be necessary to ensure that traffic does not extend into the street. Stacking shall be planned so as to minimize conflicts with entering and exiting traffic, pedestrians and parking areas.
(b) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a solid fence or wall six feet in height shall be erected along the common lot line. Such fence or wall shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(5) 
Electric substations and gas regulator stations.
(a) 
Such facilities shall not be located on any lot which is closer than 150 feet to any lot in a residential zoning district or any lot occupied by a residential use.
(b) 
The facilities shall be completely enclosed by a fence having a minimum height of eight feet above grade.
(c) 
Electric or gas regulator equipment and apparatus shall be set back a minimum of 30 feet from all lot lines.
(6) 
Foster-care group homes.
(a) 
Off-street parking spaces shall be provided in a quantity sufficient to accommodate employees of the foster-care group home.
(b) 
The home and property shall be maintained in a manner consistent with the visible characteristics of the surrounding neighborhood.
(7) 
Funeral homes.
(a) 
Minimum lot area shall be one acre, and minimum lot width shall be 150 feet.
(b) 
An off-street vehicle assembly area shall be provided to be used in support of funeral procession activities. This area shall be in addition to the required off-street parking and its related maneuvering area.
(c) 
A caretaker's residence may be provided within the main building.
(d) 
The use shall not be located on a street that is, in the judgment of the Planning Commission, primarily a residential street.
(8) 
Gasoline sales.
(a) 
Minimum lot area shall be 12,000 square feet and minimum lot width shall be 100 feet.
(b) 
Pump islands shall be a minimum of 15 feet from any public right-of-way or lot line.
(c) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a solid fence or wall six feet in height shall be erected along the common lot line. Such fence or wall shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(d) 
In the event that the use of the property for sales of gasoline has been abandoned or terminated for a period of more than one year, all underground gasoline storage tanks shall be removed from the premises.
(9) 
Group day-care homes.
[Amended 12-20-2010 by Ord. No. 320]
(a) 
The home and property shall be maintained in a manner consistent with the visible characteristics of the surrounding neighborhood.
(b) 
A dropoff/pickup area shall be provided for vehicles off the public street. Such area shall be arranged so as to allow entrance to the public street without backing of vehicles and so as to minimize conflicts between pedestrians and traffic.
(10) 
Hotels, motels.
(a) 
Minimum lot area shall be one acre and minimum lot width shall be 150 feet.
(b) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use or any land in the P Zoning District, a dense, evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at time of planting shall be erected along the common lot line. Such buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(11) 
Indoor commercial recreation establishments.
(a) 
Only one ingress/egress driveway shall be permitted on any single street. A one-way-in/one-way-out access shall be counted as a single ingress/egress driveway.
(12) 
Marinas.
(a) 
There shall be no aboveground storage of gasoline, fuel oil or other flammable liquids or gases.
(b) 
No building, structure, dock or parking area which is part of a marina shall be located closer than 35 feet to any lot in the SFR-A or SFR-B Zoning District.
(c) 
Required parking facilities shall not be used for storage of boats or trailers for periods exceeding 72 hours, from June 1 to September 10.
(13) 
Restaurants, including drive-through facilities.
(a) 
Only one ingress/egress driveway shall be permitted on any single street. A one-way-in/one-way-out access shall be counted as a single ingress/egress driveway.
(b) 
Sufficient stacking capacity for the drive-through facility shall be provided to ensure that traffic does not extend into the public street. A minimum of 10 stacking spaces shall be provided for the drive-through facility. Spaces in addition to the minimum required shall be provided if determined by the Planning Commission to be necessary to ensure that traffic does not extend into the street. Stacking shall be planned so as to minimize conflicts with entering and exiting traffic, pedestrians and parking spaces.
(c) 
A minimum of three parking spaces shall be placed beyond the pickup window to accommodate vehicles waiting for delivery of orders.
(d) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a dense evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at the time of planting shall be installed along the common lot line. The buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(14) 
Restaurants, not including drive-through facilities.
(a) 
Only one ingress/egress driveway shall be permitted on any single street. A one-way-in/one-way-out access shall be counted as a single ingress/egress driveway.
(15) 
Retail businesses, a portion of which is conducted in the open air.
(a) 
Any materials or products stored or displayed in the open air shall not extend into any required yard or occupy any required parking or maneuvering areas for vehicles.
(b) 
Any materials or products stored outside and not for sale shall be completely enclosed by a decorative fence, wall or landscaped screen approved by the Planning Commission as part of the special land use approval. Such fence, wall or screen shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(c) 
Lighting of outdoor display areas shall be shielded so as to deflect light away from any residential use or residential zoning district and shall not be placed so as to interfere with vision of drivers on adjoining streets.
(16) 
Tool and die machinery shops.
(a) 
All operations pertaining to tool and die machinery shops shall be conducted completely within an enclosed building and operated so as to keep noise from the operation from being audible outside the building.
(b) 
Loading docks or other large openings in the building shall not be located on a side abutting a residential use or zoning district.
(c) 
Access to such facilities shall be located so as to:
[1] 
Not unduly adversely affect any adjacent residential areas; and
[2] 
Not be located on a street serving primarily residential areas.
(d) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a dense, evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at time of planting shall be installed. Such buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(17) 
Two-family dwellings.
(a) 
No special land use approval shall be granted by the Planning Commission which results in a lot occupied by a two-family dwelling being located closer than 250 feet to another lot occupied by a two-family dwelling which is either located in a zoning district in which two-family dwellings are a special land use or which has been granted special land use approval.
(b) 
Each dwelling unit shall be provided with an enclosed garage at least 10 feet by 20 feet in dimensions.
(18) 
Vehicle repair or storage establishments.
(a) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a solid fence or wall six feet in height shall be erected along the common lot line. Such fence or wall shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(b) 
All repair work shall be conducted completely within an enclosed building.
(c) 
Any materials or products stored outside and not for sale shall be completely enclosed by a solid fence, wall or landscape screen approved by the Planning Commission as part of the special land use approval. The fence, wall or screen shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(19) 
Veterinary offices.
(a) 
Boarding of animals shall not be permitted except for brief periods deemed necessary for medical observation or treatment.
(b) 
Buildings in which animals are treated shall not be located nearer than 50 feet to any adjacent dwelling. No outdoor animal runs shall be permitted.
(c) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the P Zoning District, a solid fence or wall six feet in height or a dense evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at time of planting shall be erected and maintained along any common lot line. The buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(20) 
Wholesale establishments and warehouses.
(a) 
The architectural features of the facility housing the special use shall conform with the character of buildings on adjoining property.
(b) 
All operations pertaining to wholesale and warehouse facilities shall be conducted completely within an enclosed building and operated so as to keep noise from the operation inaudible outside of the building. Materials may be moved from one building to another on site, but no work may be conducted in the open air.
(c) 
Loading docks or other large openings in the building shall not be located on a side abutting a residential zoning district or use.
(d) 
Access to such facilities shall be located so as to:
[1] 
Not unduly adversely affect any adjacent residential areas; and
[2] 
Not be located on a street serving primarily residential areas.
(e) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the Public, Semi-Public Zoning District, a dense evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at the time of planting shall be installed along any common lot line. The buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(f) 
If a portion of the retail business is conducted in the open air, the requirements of § 390-199B(15) shall be complied with at all times.
(21) 
Assembly operations consisting only of limited assembly, fastening and packaging or repackaging of previously manufactured components.
(a) 
The architectural features of the facility housing the special use shall conform with the character of buildings on adjoining property.
(b) 
All operations pertaining to limited assembly, fastening and packaging shall be conducted completely within an enclosed building and operated so as to keep noise from the operation inaudible outside of the building. Materials may be moved from one building to another on site, but no work may be conducted in the open air.
(c) 
Loading docks or other large openings in the building shall not be located on a side abutting a residential zoning district or use.
(d) 
Access to such facilities shall be located so as to:
[1] 
Not unduly adversely affect any adjacent residential areas; and
[2] 
Not be located on a street serving primarily residential areas.
(e) 
Where adjoining a residential zoning district or use, or any land in the Public, Semi-Public Zoning District, a dense evergreen vegetative buffer not less than six feet in height at the time of planting shall be installed along any common lot line. The buffer shall be continuously maintained in good condition.
(f) 
Only limited assembly of previously manufactured components is permitted. There shall be no process employed to transform raw materials into components for assembly.
(22) 
Parking lots.
(a) 
All parking facilities shall comply with the parking facility design requirements contained in § 390-181.
(23) 
Adult day-care facilities.
[Amended 6-26-2009 by Ord. No. 313; 8-19-2013 by Ord. No. 334]
(a) 
For purposes of this section "participant" is defined as the adult who is being supervised at the facility.
(b) 
The facility must be operated by a church or 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization as a not-for-profit operation.
(c) 
The applicant shall indicate the number of anticipated participants and illustrate how they will be able to safely accommodate them on site. Input or information from the Fire Chief or other relevant reviewing agency is recommended.
(d) 
Hours of operation shall be limited to a period beginning at 6:00 a.m. and concluding at 11:00 p.m. seven days per week.
[1] 
Additional hours may be permitted from time to time, but must be approved in advance by the Zoning Administrator, or at their discretion, the Planning Commission.
(e) 
The facility is required to be operated in a single-family dwelling, or a structure built to resemble a single-family dwelling similar in style to a typical Village home with a home-like atmosphere for the participants.
[1] 
The facility does not need to be owner occupied.
[2] 
The facility shall meet all ADA accessibility standards.
[3] 
All entrances used by participants must be covered by an awning, roof or other building feature to protect participants from the elements. Such awning or covering may encroach into the side or front setback up to five feet, but no closer than 10 feet to the property line. Installation of such awning or covering shall be subject to the approval of the Zoning Administrator.
[4] 
Building setback requirements shall be as required in the SFR-A District (§ 390-156, Schedule of District Regulations).
(f) 
The home and property shall be maintained in a manner consistent with the visible characteristics of the surrounding residential neighborhood.
(g) 
The minimum lot area shall be 20,000 square feet.
(h) 
Outdoor recreation area shall be fenced.
(i) 
A dropoff/pickup area shall be provided for vehicles off the public street. Such area shall be arranged so as to allow entrance to the public street without backing of vehicles and so as to minimize conflicts between pedestrians and traffic.
(j) 
Off-street parking shall be provided in the side or rear yard as follows:
[1] 
One parking space for each regular employee on the largest shift; plus
[2] 
One parking space for each vehicle operated by the facility; plus
[3] 
One parking space for every 10 participants or a fraction thereof.
[4] 
Parking areas shall be set back five feet from all property lines, and the setback area shall be landscaped to buffer adjacent properties from noise and headlights.
(k) 
All applicants must demonstrate that there will be adequately trained personnel to staff or manage the facility.
(l) 
The facility may have one nonilluminated wall sign not exceeding 20 square feet in area on the building wall facing the public street. One additional sign which meets the same requirements may be permitted over a major building entrance facing the parking lot.
(m) 
Site lighting shall be of a residential nature, size, scale or intensity, and shall be confined to the property on which the facility is located.
(n) 
Unless otherwise stated in this article, all building additions, accessory buildings and major site changes require an amendment to the special use permit and site plan approval pursuant to the requirements of this chapter.
(o) 
Such facility shall meet the requirements of the Veterans' Administration for adult day-care facilities.
(24) 
Community support facility.
[Added 2-1-2010 by Ord. No. 318]
(a) 
The facility must be operated by a church or 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization as a not-for-profit operation. The facility must be located on property that has been removed from the property tax rolls prior to the submission of the special use application. The office(s) of the organization may be in the facility.
(b) 
Any temporary transitional housing shall be subject to the following:
[1] 
The number of residents is limited to one family per dwelling unit.
[2] 
Each dwelling unit may be occupied by the same family for no longer than six months in a twelve-month period.
[3] 
The organization shall provide details of their residency requirements to the Planning Commission as part of the special use permit application.
(c) 
The facility is required to be operated in a single-family dwelling, or a structure built to resemble a single-family dwelling, similar in style to a typical Village home.
[1] 
Building setback and height shall be as required in the SFR-A District (§ 390-156, Schedule of District Regulations).
[2] 
There may be no more than one principal structure per parcel.
(d) 
The home(s) and property shall be maintained in a manner consistent with the visible characteristics of the surrounding residential neighborhood.
(e) 
The housing units need not be owner occupied.
(f) 
Food and clothing distribution and similar services may occur only between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., Monday through Saturday.
(g) 
Delivery of food, clothing or other commodities to the facility by semitrailer trucks is prohibited.
(h) 
Off-street parking shall be provided in the side or rear yard as follows:
[1] 
One parking space for each regular employee or volunteer on the largest shift; plus
[2] 
One parking space for each vehicle operated by the facility; plus
[3] 
One parking space for every dwelling unit; plus
[4] 
Five spaces for the food and clothing distribution center or other nonresidential use;
[5] 
Existing parking spaces in a garage or driveway may count toward the total number of spaces required;
[6] 
Parking areas shall be set back five feet from all property lines and the setback area shall be landscaped to buffer adjacent properties from noise and headlights;
(i) 
The applicant shall submit a sign plan for the facility. The Planning Commission shall review the sign plan based on the size and location of the facility and the proximity of the facility to residentially zoned or used properties. The Planning Commission may limit the signage to less than what is permitted in the P Public, Semi-Public Zoning District if they find that the proposed signs would have a negative impact on the surrounding neighborhood.
(j) 
Site lighting shall be of a residential nature, size, scale and intensity, and shall be confined to the property on which the facility is located.
(k) 
Unless otherwise stated in this article, all building additions, accessory buildings, major site changes or changes in use require an amendment to the special use permit and site plan approval per the requirements of this chapter.
(l) 
Any community support facility providing transitional housing shall comply with the provisions of Chapter 271, Rental Units, Registration of, of the Code of the Village of Spring Lake.