[R.O. 2009 §515.010; Ord. No. 90 §1, 6-3-1958]
As used in this Chapter, the following term shall have the prescribed meaning:
- SWIMMING POOL
- Any artificially constructed pool of water, including all appurtenances concerning its use, used or intended for use of swimming or bathing, either family, group, public, either with or without payment of admission fees, which is, or over, eighteen (18) inches in depth or with a water surface area exceeding one hundred fifty (150) square feet. It does not include portable wading pools with less depth than twenty-four (24) inches or less area than one hundred fifty (150) square feet which are refilled with water and used for children.
[R.O. 2009 §515.020; Ord. No. 90 §2, 6-3-1958]
All piping, filters and appurtenances used for the proper functioning of the swimming pool, are defined as follows:
- BACKWASH PIPING
- The piping which extends from the backwash outlets of the filters to its terminus at the point of disposal.
- FACE PIPING
- The piping, with all valves and fittings, which is used to connect the filter system together as a unit.
- Any material or apparatus by which water is clarified.
- MAIN OUTLET OR SUCTION PIPING
- The piping from the deepest part of the pool to the inlet or suction side of the pump.
- An approved plumbing fixture or device of such material, shape and capacity as to adequately receive the discharge from indirect waste piping, so constructed and located as to be readily cleaned.
- RETURN OR RECIRCULATING PIPING
- The piping which extends from the outlet side of the filters to the pool.
- An appurtenance at the bottom of the filter to assure equal distribution of water through the filter media.
- VACUUM PIPING
- The piping from the suction side of the circulating pump connected to a fitting located below the water line and inside of the swimming pool.
[R.O. 2009 §515.030; Ord. No. 90 §3, 6-3-1958]
Before any swimming pool may be constructed, an application for a permit therefor shall be made to the office of the Building Commissioner. Written plans, specifications and any pertinent information pertaining thereto shall be submitted in duplicate. No permit shall be issued until approval of plans and specifications by the Building Commissioner. All plans and specifications shall conform to the provisions of this Chapter before approval.
Revocation Of Permit. If at any time during construction there should be any deviation from the original plans and specifications as submitted, the Building Commissioner shall order the stoppage of work until approval of any change is given in writing. Revised plans shall be presented in ample time to allow certification of approval before commencement of work on that part being revised.
[R.O. 2009 §515.040; Ord. No. 90 §4, 6-3-1958]
The following information must accompany application:
Plat and profile plan, elevations with dimensions all drawn to scale, including pool deck.
Pool dimensions, depth and volume in gallons, specifications of wall and floor construction.
Type and size of filter systems, filtration and backwash capacities.
Description of chemical feeders for soda ash and alum and chlorine.
Pool piping layout, all pipe sizes shown, types of materials to be used.
The rated capacity and head at filtration and backwash flows of the pool pump in G.P.M. with size and type of motor.
Location and type of waste disposal.
Structural calculations and details prepared and signed by a registered civil engineer.
[R.O. 2009 §515.050; Ord. No. 90 §6, 6-3-1958]
The Building Commissioner shall inspect each pool before it is opened for operation and shall ascertain that the construction substantially complies with the plans and specifications therefor presented when the permit was issued. He/she may require a testing of water circulation and chemical feeders and conditions of water by City Health Inspector.
[R.O. 2009 §515.080; Ord. No. 90 §9, 6-3-1958]
Public pools as defined shall conform to the provisions of Ordinance No. 588 of the St. Louis County Health Department or to specifications prepared by Building Commissioner, or both.
Family and private group swimming pools shall be equipped with a pressured sand filter or an approved equal. Filters will be approved if certified tests from an independent testing laboratory are submitted to the Building Commissioner indicating that the filter tested is equal to the pressure and filter in the following:
The recirculating pump shall have sufficient capacity to backwash the filter at a rate of at least ten (10) gallons per minute per square foot of filter area, when operating against the total head of the backwash system.
Pool pumps shall be equipped on the inlet side with an approved type hair and lint strainer of non-corrosive metal.
Filter tanks shall be of such construction as prescribed by the Building Commissioner.
Filter media specifications shall be in conformity with specifications prepared by Building Commissioner.
Size And Location Of Pool. The water surface of a family pool or private group pool shall not exceed fifty percent (50%) of rear yard area of lot and rim of pool shall not be less than ten (10) feet from rear and side lot lines and at least ten (10) feet from any dwelling foundation wall. Where the lot slopes, a concrete waterproofed wall will be required at lower side or sides of pool which wall shall extend from lowest depth of pool to level of six (6) inches above water surface of pool and so as to prevent flooding of adjoining property in case of leakage or break in pool. This Subsection shall not apply to pools constructed prior to June 3, 1958.
Overflow gutters shall be provided extending completely around pool having adequate drainage of overflow water away from pool but not onto land of adjoining lot owner without his/her consent. Overflow gutters may be waived by Building Commissioner in his/her discretion where same is not necessary to protect public health.
A concrete runway or walk at least two (2) feet wide should encircle pool rim, sloped away from pool so as to prevent dirt, sand, grass or other particles from being tracked or washed into pool.
[R.O. 2009 §515.090; Ord. No. 90 §10, 6-3-1958]
Where devices for feeding gaseous chlorine are installed, they shall meet with the requirements of the Building Commissioner.
[R.O. 2009 §515.100; Ord. No. 90 §11, 6-3-1958]
Water to be used in a swimming pool shall be of an approved source and no over-the-rim fill spout will be acceptable unless located under a diving board or installed in such a manner as to remove any hazard. Water inlet shall be equipped with a backflow protection so as to prevent pool water from contaminating public water mains.
[R.O. 2009 §515.110; Ord. No. 90 §12, 6-3-1958]
Inasmuch as water used in bathing accumulates bacteria from the bathers, strict attention must be given to pool sterilization and filtration. Where potassium alum, soda ash and chlorine are used with proper filter and pool water circulation as provided by this Chapter, water should at all times be sufficiently clear so as to permit entire bottom of pool to be clearly visible from walkway. Failure to keep water clear indicates improper sterilization or filtration and constitutes a violation of provisions of this Chapter and shall be grounds for revocation of permit to operate. The Building Commissioner or Health Inspectors are authorized to enter upon any premises where a swimming pool is maintained, to inspect pool or take samples of water and Building Commissioner is directed to enforce provisions of this Chapter. He/she is further authorized and directed to post signs on any pool which is found to be unsanitary bearing the words "This pool is polluted" and to post a notice giving names and address of owner of pool and fact that same is polluted in the City Hall. He/she shall likewise report any violation to Police. It shall be a violation of this Chapter for any person to remove such sign.
[R.O. 2009 §515.120; Ord. No. 90 §13, 6-3-1958]
Inner surface of pool must be smooth for easy cleaning and must be covered, rounded or bullnosed at all joints, corners, angles of bases, walls, floors and curls. No sharp corners or projections will be permitted. Floor drains shall be flush with finished surface. Steps and stairways for entering or leaving pool should be of such construction as to minimize danger. Ladders or stairways should be located at deep end of pool if there is only one (1). Treads of ladders of steps to be of non-slip material. All lights in pool must conform to specifications of Building Commissioner.
Diving board shall not be elevated more than one (1) foot above water level where depth of water is five (5) feet; ten (10) feet elevation where depth of water is nine (9) feet or deeper. (See Building Commissioner's specifications.)
All pools shall be provided with an aluminum or bamboo pole, at least one-half (½) as long as width of pool, equipped with wrapped hook so that same can be passed around a body without injury and quickly be guided to surface.
Public pools shall provide lifeguards, ropes, life buoys and such other life saving and safety appliances and first aid equipment and personnel as may be directed by Building Commissioner. Such pools shall provide adequate dressing rooms and toilet facilities for both sexes.
All pools shall be equipped with a leaf skimmer to remove floating particles, built in or portable vacuum cleaners and water test sets.
No person having sore or infected eyes, nose or ear discharges or any communicable disease or skin eruption or athlete's foot shall be permitted to use any swimming pool. Spitting, spouting water or blowing nose in pool is prohibited.
No swimming pool shall be so located, designed, operated or maintained so as to interfere unduly with enjoyment of property rights of adjoining owners. Lights shall be shielded or hooded so as to reflect light away from adjoining premises. It shall be unlawful for any person to make or cause to be made any loud or unusual noises or to use radios, phonographs or other musical instruments in such volume which annoys, disturbs or endangers the comfort, repose, health or peace of neighbors or adjoining owners. Radios, phonographs or other musical instruments shall not be turned to volume loud enough to annoy or disturb peace, quiet or comfort of neighbors or adjoining lot owners.
It shall be unlawful for any person to use any swimming pool unless properly dressed either in ordinary clothes or proper swim suit.
[R.O. 2009 §515.130; Ord. No. 90 §14, 6-3-1958]
Wastewater shall not be discharged to a public sewer or storm drain, unless permit for same is given by M.S.D. Written permission from the Building Commissioner is necessary for method of waste disposal, but no water from pool shall be permitted to discharge or run on adjoining lots without permission of owner.
Wastewater from any filters, gravity scum gutter, overflow, pool emptying line or similar apparatus or appurtenance shall discharge into an approved type receptor except for surface irrigation, but not on adjoining lots without permission of owner.
Each receptor shall be in conformity as to the prescribed type, size and material or properly trapped and vented as required by the Building Commissioner and Plumbing Inspector.
Drain and waste piping shall be at least one-fourth (¼) inch fall per foot.
Drainage and piping to which individual gravity scum gutter outlets are connected shall be sized as follows:
[R.O. 2009 §515.140; Ord. No. 90 §15, 6-3-1958]
Water heating equipment shall conform in design, construction and installation with the Plumbing code governing domestic water heaters.
[R.O. 2009 §515.150; Ord. No. 90 §16, 6-3-1958]
The walls of the pool shall be vertical, of light color, with conspicuous markings showing location and depth of shallow and deep water. The slope of the floor at the shallow end shall not exceed one (1) foot vertical to seven (7) feet horizontal.
[R.O. 2009 §515.160; Ord. No. 90 §17, 6-3-1958]
All swimming pools, public and private, shall be effectively protected by either a metal or wood fence not less than six (6) feet in height of a design and construction approved by the Building Commissioner equipped with doors or gates with self-latching lock which can only be opened at direction of owner and shall be securely locked when owners are away from premises, so as to minimize danger of accident. Any and all reasonable safety precautions prescribed by the Building Commissioner shall be complied with, both in original construction and maintenance.
[R.O. 2009 §515.170; Ord. No. 508 §3, 6-17-1997]
All swimming pools shall be maintained in a safe and sanitary manner in accordance with the rules and regulations set forth in this Chapter; all swimming pools shall be kept free of debris.