Section 705.080 Private Sewage Disposal System — When Used — Permit — Operation — Compliance With Health Requirements — When Public Sewer Becomes Available.
[R.O. 2008 §705.010; Ord. No. 404 Art. I §§1 — 22, 1-14-1991]
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this Chapter shall be as follows:
- BOD (denoting "BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty degrees Centigrade (20° C.), expressed in milligrams per liter.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five (5) feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
- COMBINED SEWER
- A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
- Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade, or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or groundwater.
- Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation, or group.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half (1/2) inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and is controlled by public authority.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface, and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface, and storm waters as may be present.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- SEWAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- Is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
- Any discharge of water, sewage, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than fifteen (15) minutes more than five (5) times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
- STORM DRAIN (sometimes termed "STORM SEWER")
- A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
- The Superintendent of the Utility Department of the City of Ironton, or his/her authorized deputy, agent, or representative.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage, or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
[R.O. 2008 §705.020; Ord. No. 404 Art. II §1, 1-14-1991]
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit, or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the City of Ironton, or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City, any human or animal excrement, garbage, or other objectionable waste.
[R.O. 2008 §705.030; Ord. No. 404 Art. II §2, 1-14-1991]
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the City of Ironton, or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City, any sewage or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this Chapter.
[R.O. 2008 §705.040; Ord. No. 404 Art. II §3, 1-14-1991]
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
[R.O. 2008 §705.045; Ord. No. 193 §3; Ord. No. 253 §1, 6-24-1974]
It shall be the duty of the Superintendent to inspect each service lateral before any connection is made to the sewerage system and to require that all defects of unsatisfactory construction features be corrected before permitting the connection to be made. The Superintendent shall be present at the time the connection is made and it shall be the responsibility of the owner or his/her representative to notify him/her in advance of the time and place where the connection will be made.
A service employee of the City shall make the actual connection to the sewer main.
It is the responsibility of the customer to provide the actual materials needed, at his/her cost, for connection to the sewer main.
The trench to the sewer main will be left open for inspection by the City and at least twenty-four (24) hours' notice is to be given to the Superintendent requesting such inspection within that period of time.
The Superintendent may, should he/she so desire, smoke test the service line to ascertain that the line is properly laid and without leaks.
A cushioning material must be used both over and under the service line, which can be either soft earth free from rocks, or sand or other suitable material approved by the Superintendent. Such cushioning material shall be a minimum of four (4) inches under the line with a four-inch cover over the top of the line. The cushioning material must be in place before the Superintendent will give permission for backfill operations.
[R.O. 2008 §705.050; Ord. No. 404 Art. II §4, 1-14-1991]
The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the City, is hereby required at his/her expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter, within ninety (90) days after date of official notice to do so, provided that said public sewer is within one hundred (100) feet (30.5 meters) of the property line.
[R.O. 2008 §705.055; Ord. No. 186 §3, 2-8-1960]
Where a public sewer is accessible in a street or alley to a building or premises abutting thereon, the liquid wastes from any plumbing system in said building shall discharge into the public sewer unless otherwise authorized by the governing body. Before any connection is made to a public sewer, an approval permit for such connection must be obtained from the governing body or its designated representative. Each connection shall be made at the "Y" designated for that property. The only exception shall be that where the designated "Y" is not located within three (3) feet of the point of measurement furnished by the local governing body. All sewer connections must then be made by using a "T" saddle. All connections to the City main sewer must be made under the actual supervision of the Superintendent.
Section 705.080 Private Sewage Disposal System — When Used — Permit — Operation — Compliance With Health Requirements — When Public Sewer Becomes Available.
[R.O. 2008 §705.060; Ord. No. 404 Art. III §§1 — 8, 1-14-1991]
Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of Section 705.060, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of this Section.
Before commencement of construction of a private sewage disposal system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the Superintendent. The application for such permit shall be made on a form furnished by the City, which the applicant shall supplement by any plans, specifications, and other information as are deemed necessary by the Superintendent. A permit and inspection fee as set out in Section 155.010 of this Code shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.
A permit for a private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the Superintendent. He/she shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction and, in any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the Superintendent when the work is ready for final inspection, and before any underground portions are covered. The inspection shall be made within twenty-four (24) hours of receipt of notice by the Superintendent.
The type, capacities, location, and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all recommendations of the Department of Public Health of the State of Missouri. No permit shall be issued for any private sewage disposal system employing subsurface soil absorption facilities where the area of the lot is less than ten thousand (10,000) square feet. No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted to discharge to any natural outlet.
At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in Subsection (D) hereof, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this Chapter, and any septic tanks, cesspools, and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material.
The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City.
No statement contained in this Chapter shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the Health Officer.
When a public sewer becomes available, the building sewer shall be connected to said sewer within ninety (90) days after the date of official notice to do so, and the private sewage disposal system shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with clean bank-run gravel or dirt.
[R.O. 2008 §705.070; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §§1 — 3, 1-14-1991]
No unauthorized personnel shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Superintendent.
Classes Of Permits.
In either case, the owner or his/her agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the City. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Superintendent. A permit and inspection fee as set out in Section 155.010 of this Code for a residential or commercial building sewer permit and a fee as set out in Section 155.010 of this Code for an industrial building sewer permit shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.
All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
[R.O. 2008 §705.080; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §4, 1-14-1991]
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except where one (1) building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court yard, or driveway, the building sewer from that front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one (1) building sewer.
[R.O. 2008 §705.090; Ord. No. 186 §4, 2-8-1960; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §5, 1-14-1991]
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Superintendent, to meet all requirements of this Chapter. Old house sewers or portions thereof may be approved for use by the Superintendent. The Superintendent shall cause the old sewer, or a portion thereof, to be excavated for the purpose of facilitating inspection. No old cesspool or septic tank shall be connected to any portion of a house sewer that is also connected to the public sewer.
[R.O. 2008 §705.100; Ord. No. 186 §4, 2-8-1960; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §6, 1-14-1991]
The size, slope, alignment, materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of the Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City. In the absence of Code provisions or in amplification thereof, the materials and procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the ASTM and WPCF Manual of Practice No. 9 shall apply.
Trenching And Backfilling. All excavations shall be open trench work unless otherwise authorized by the Superintendent. The foundation of the trench shall be formed to prevent any subsequent settlement of the pipes. If the foundation is good, firm earth, the earth, shall be pared or molded to give a full support to the lower third of each pipe. Bell holes shall be dug to provide ample space for pouring of joints. Care must be exercised in backfilling below the center line of the pipe in order to give it proper support. Backfilling shall be placed in layers and solidly tamped or packed up to two (2) feet above the pipe. Backfilling shall not be done until final inspection is made by the Superintendent.
[R.O. 2008 §705.105; Ord. No. 186 §4, 2-8-1960; Ord. No. 335 §1, 12-6-1982; Ord. No. 459 §1, 2-10-1997]
All house sewers shall be constructed of either PVC SCH40 or PVC SCH35 pipe.
No sewer service line shall be less than four (4) inches in diameter from the main sewer line to foundation line of property being served and cleanouts and a trap must be provided in basement or yard under the supervision of the Superintendent.
Grades for house sewers, unless otherwise authorized, shall be not less than one-eighth (1/8) inch per foot. A grade of one-quarter (1/4) inch per foot shall be used wherever practical.
[R.O. 2008 §705.110; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §7, 1-14-1991]
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer.
[R.O. 2008 §705.120; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §8, 1-14-1991]
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, interior and exterior foundation drains, or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
[R.O. 2008 §705.130; Ord. No. 404 Art. IV §§9 — 11, 1-14-1991]
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City, or the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the ASTM and the WPCF Manual of Practice No. 9. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the Superintendent before installation.
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Superintendent when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Superintendent or his/her representative.
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City.
[R.O. 2008 §705.140; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §§1 — 3, 1-14-1991]
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any storm water, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, including interior and exterior foundation drains, uncontaminated cooling water, or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined sewers or storm sewers, or to a natural outlet approved by the Superintendent. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged on approval of the Superintendent, to a storm sewer, combined sewer, or natural outlet.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid, or gas.
Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids, or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance, or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant, including but not limited to the following wastes as discharged to the public sewer:
Cadmium as Cd
Chromium as Cr (hexavalent)
Copper as Cu
Cyanide as Cn
Nickel as Ni
Zinc as Zn
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5, or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, and personnel of the sewage works.
Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, or otherwise interfering with the proper operation of the sewage works such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.
[R.O. 2008 §705.150; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §4, 1-14-1991]
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the Superintendent that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process, or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance. In forming his/her opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the Superintendent will give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than one hundred fifty (150° F.) (65 °C.).
Any water or wastes containing fats, wax, grease, or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of one hundred (100) mg/l or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between thirty-two degrees (32°) and one hundred fifty (150° F.) (0° C. and 65° C.).
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of three-fourths (3/4) horsepower (0.76 hp metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent.
Any waters or wastes containing strong acid iron pickling wastes or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
Any waters or wastes containing iron and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the Superintendent for such materials.
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the Superintendent in compliance with applicable State or Federal regulations.
Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
Materials which exert or cause:
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids (such as, but not limited to, Fuller's earth, lime slurries, and lime residues) or of dissolved solids (such as, but not limited to, sodium chloride or sodium sulfate).
Excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions).
Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand; or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting "slugs" as defined herein.
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed, or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
Any waters or wastes having: a five-day BOD greater than three hundred (300) milligrams/liter by weight; containing more than three hundred fifty (350) milligrams/liter by weights of suspended solids; or having an average daily flow greater than two percent (2%) of the average sewage flow of the City, shall be subject to the review of the Superintendent. Where necessary in the opinion of the Superintendent, the owner shall provide, at his/her expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:
Reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to three hundred (300) milligrams/liter weight;
Reduce the suspended solids to three hundred fifty (350) milligrams/liter weight; or
Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Superintendent and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.
[R.O. 2008 §705.160; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §5, 1-14-1991]
If any waters or wastes are discharged, or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Section 705.180 of this Chapter, and which in the judgment of the Superintendent, may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment, or receiving waters, or which otherwise create a hazard to life to constitute a public nuisance, the Superintendent may:
Reject the wastes;
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
If the Superintendent permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent, and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
[R.O. 2008 §705.170; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §6, 1-14-1991]
Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Superintendent, and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
[R.O. 2008 §705.180; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §7, 1-14-1991]
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his/her expense.
[R.O. 2008 §705.190; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §8, 1-14-1991]
When required by the Superintendent, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling, and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located, and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his/her expense, and shall be maintained by him/her so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
[R.O. 2008 §705.200; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §9, 1-14-1991]
All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this Chapter shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater," published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided, or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb, and property. The particular analyses involved will determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-four-hour composites of all outfalls, whereas pHs are determined from periodic grab samples.
[R.O. 2008 §705.210; Ord. No. 404 Art. V §10, 1-14-1991]
No statement contained in this Chapter shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the City and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the City for treatment, subject to payment therefor, by the industrial concern.
[R.O. 2008 §705.220; Ord. No. 404 Art. VI §1, 1-14-1991]
No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance, or equipment which is part of the sewage works. Any person violating this Section shall be subject to immediate arrest under the charge of disorderly conduct.
[R.O. 2008 §705.230; Ord. No. 404 Art. VII §§1 — 3, 1-14-1991]
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter. The Superintendent or his/her representatives shall have no authority to inquire into any processes including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper or other industries beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment.
While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in Subsection (A) above, the Superintendent or duly authorized employees of the City shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company and the company shall be held harmless for injury or death to the City employees and the City shall indemnify the company against loss or damage to its property by City employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required in Section 705.220.
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair, and maintenance of any portion of the sewage works lying within said easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on said easement, shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.
[R.O. 2008 §705.240; Ord. No. 404 Art. VIII §§1 — 3, 1-14-1991]
Any person found to be violating any provision of this Chapter, except Section 705.250, shall be served by the City with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Any person who shall continue any violation beyond the time limit provided for in Subsection (A) of this Section, shall be guilty of an ordinance violation, and on conviction thereof shall be fined in the amount not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500.00) for each violation. Each twenty-four-hour period in which any such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this Chapter shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.