Charter Township of Oakland, MI
Oakland County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Board of the Charter Township of Oakland 6-14-2011 by Ord. No. 104 (Ch. 2, Art. IV, Div. 1, of the 2007 Code of Ordinances). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Construction standards — See Ch. 165.
Floodplain and wetlands protection — See Ch. 210.
Historic districts and preservation — See Ch. 228.
Land divisions and subdivisions — See Ch. 250.
Mining operations — See Ch. 267.
Stormwater management and erosion control — See Ch. 364.
Tree protection, preservation and removal — See Ch. 389.

§ 68-1 Statutory authority; purpose; establishment.

A. 
Authority. This chapter is adopted pursuant to the authority granted the Township Board of Trustees under the Michigan Planning Enabling Act, Public Act 33 of 2008, MCLA § 125.3801 et seq., and the Michigan Zoning Enabling Act, Public Act 110 of 2006, MCLA § 125.3101 et seq., to establish a Planning Commission with the powers, duties and limitations provided by those Acts and subject to the terms and conditions of this chapter and any future amendments to this chapter.
B. 
Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to provide that the Charter Township of Oakland Board of Trustees hereby confirms the establishment, under the Michigan Planning Enabling Act, Public Act 33 of 2008, MCLA § 125.3801 et seq., of the Oakland Township Planning Commission, formerly established under the Township Planning Act, Public Act 168 of 1959, MCLA § 125.321 et seq., to establish the appointments, terms, and membership of the Planning Commission; to identify the officers and the minimum number of meetings per year of the Planning Commission, and to prescribe the authority, powers and duties of the Planning Commission.
C. 
Establishment. There shall be a Charter Township of Oakland Planning Commission in accordance with the Michigan Planning Enabling Act, Act 33 of 2008, as amended, with the powers and duties as therein set forth and as hereinafter provided. This chapter shall be officially known and described as the "Oakland Township Planning Commission Ordinance."

§ 68-2 Membership; terms; removal.

A. 
The Planning Commission shall consist of seven members. Members of the Planning Commission shall be appointed by the Township Supervisor subject to approval by majority vote of the members of the Township Board elected and serving.
B. 
The term of each member shall be three years and until a successor is appointed and qualified, except that a Township Board member shall be appointed as an ex officio member of the Planning Commission and shall have a term corresponding with that person's term as a member of the Township Board. The duration of the terms of members first appointed to the Planning Commission shall vary, though not exceeding three years, so that terms will expire in different years. Vacancies in office shall be filled for the remainder of the unexpired term.
C. 
The membership of the Planning Commission shall be representative of important segments of the community, such as the economic, governmental, educational, and social development of the Township, in accordance with the major interests, as they exist in the Township, such as agriculture, natural resources, recreation, education, public health, government, transportation, industry, and commerce. The membership shall also be representative of the entire geography of the Township to the extent practicable.
D. 
Members of the Planning Commission shall be qualified electors of the Township, except that one Planning Commission member may be an individual who is not a qualified elector of the Township.
E. 
The Township Board may remove a member of the Planning Commission for misfeasance, malfeasance, or nonfeasance in office upon written charges and after a public hearing. Before casting a vote on a matter on which a member may reasonably be considered to have a conflict of interest, the member shall disclose the potential conflict of interest to the Planning Commission. The member is disqualified from voting on the matter if so provided by the bylaws or by a majority vote of the remaining members of the Planning Commission. Failure of a member to disclose a potential conflict of interest as required by this subsection constitutes malfeasance in office. For purposes of this chapter, a "conflict of interest" exists when a member of the Planning Commission or a member of his or her family has a proprietary or financial interest in an issue or matter that is before the Planning Commission beyond that which is experienced by the public in general, or the member may receive or gain a financial benefit as a result of a vote on such issue or matter, or which would result in a violation of the Standards of Conduct for Public Officers and Employees Act, 196 PA 1973 (being MCLA § 15.341 et seq.), the Incompatible Public Offices Act, 566 PA 1978 (being MCLA § 15.181 et seq.), or any other state law or Township ordinance or policy applicable to conflicts of interest.

§ 68-3 Officers of the Planning Commission.

A. 
The Planning Commission shall elect a Chairperson and Secretary from its members and create and fill other offices, as it considers advisable. The Township Board member of the Planning Commission is not eligible to serve as Chairperson. The term of each officer shall be one year, with opportunity for reelection as specified in bylaws adopted under § 68-4A of this chapter.
B. 
The Planning Commission may appoint advisory committees whose members are not members of the Planning Commission.

§ 68-4 Bylaws; annual report.

A. 
The Planning Commission shall adopt bylaws for the transaction of business, and shall keep a public record of its resolutions, transactions, findings, and determinations.
B. 
The Planning Commission shall make an annual written report to the Township Board concerning its operations and the status of planning activities, including recommendations regarding actions by the Township Board related to planning and development.

§ 68-5 Meetings; powers of Zoning Board.

A. 
The Planning Commission shall hold not fewer than four regular meetings each year. At its first meeting of each calendar year, the Planning Commission shall adopt and provide public notice of its regular meetings for the ensuing year in accordance with the Open Meetings Act,[1] as amended; provided, however, that a meeting need not be held if pending matters do not warrant a meeting. Unless the Planning Commission bylaws provide otherwise, the Secretary shall send written notice of a special meeting to Planning Commission members not less than 48 hours before the meeting.
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 15.261 et seq.
B. 
The business that the Planning Commission may perform shall be conducted at a public meeting of the Planning Commission held in compliance with the Open Meetings Act, 1976 PA 267, as amended. Public notice of the time, date, and place of a regular or special meeting shall be given in the manner required by that Act.
C. 
The Township Board hereby transfers all powers and duties of a Zoning Board to the Planning Commission, as outlined in the Zoning Enabling Act, Act 110 of 2006,[2] as amended, and as permitted in Section 11 of the Township Planning Act, Act 168 of 1959.
[2]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 125.3101 et seq.

§ 68-6 Duties and responsibilities.

The members of the Planning Commission shall have the following principal duties and responsibilities, among others:
A. 
To consider, report upon, and make recommendations regarding the adoption of and amendments to the Township Zoning Ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 430, Zoning.
B. 
To prepare, consider and approve the Township Master Plan, in accordance with the Michigan Planning Enabling Act, as amended.
C. 
In accordance with the Zoning Enabling Act, Act 110 of 2006,[2] as amended, to consider, no less frequently than every five years, whether a revision of the Master Plan or updated amendments in the Master Plan are needed and to prepare, consider and approve any such revisions or amendments.
[2]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 125.3101 et seq.
D. 
To consider, recommend and/or approve zoning applications and requests assigned to the Commission under Township ordinances, including special land uses and other types of land use approval.
E. 
To promote understanding of and interest in the Master Plan and the Township Zoning Ordinance.
F. 
Unless exempted, to review and make recommendations on proposed public improvement projects, and to review and approve a capital improvement plan, in accordance with the Planning Enabling Act, Act 33 of 2008,[3] as amended.
[3]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 125.3801 et seq.
G. 
To review and make recommendations on proposed platted subdivisions, condominiums and site condominiums.
H. 
To carry out other duties and responsibilities as set forth in the Planning Enabling Act, Act 33 of 2008.

§ 68-7 Approval, ratification and reconfirmation of prior actions.

All official actions taken by the Charter Township of Oakland Planning Commission preceding this chapter are hereby approved, ratified, and reconfirmed. Any project, review, or process taking place at the effective date of this chapter shall continue with the Planning Commission confirmed by this chapter, subject to other requirements of this chapter, and shall be deemed a continuation of any previous matter before the Charter Township of Oakland Planning Commission. This chapter shall be in full force and effect from and after its adoption and publication.