Charter Township of Oakland, MI
Oakland County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Board of the Charter Township of Oakland 4-11-1995 by Ord. No. 66 (Ch. 4, Art. IV, of the 2007 Code of Ordinances). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Construction standards — See Ch. 165.
Land divisions and subdivisions — See Ch. 250.
Property maintenance — See Ch. 320.

§ 101-1 Definitions.

The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
ADDRESS
The numbers and/or letters assigned to, approved or utilized by the Township as a mailing address or means of identifying a geographical location on a street and/or within a building in the Township.
BUILDING
A principal structure in the Township, to which an address has been assigned, approved or utilized by the Township.
DRIVEWAY
A private road or drive that provides a means for vehicle access to one building.
OCCUPANT
All persons with actual, or rights to, possession, use or occupancy of all or part of a building or parcel of real property in the Township on or for which an address is required to be displayed by this chapter.
OWNER
All persons with an ownership interest in all or part of a building or parcel of real property in the Township, on or for which an address is required to be displayed by this chapter, as a titleholder, land contract purchaser or otherwise. For purposes of this chapter, the Township may base and limit its determination of owners to those shown on Township tax records.
ROAD
A public or private street or thoroughfare that provides a means of vehicle access to more than one building.

§ 101-2 Requirements.

A. 
General requirement. Addresses shall be displayed by placement and maintenance on, in and for buildings and real property as provided in this chapter.
(1) 
Style, size and spacing. Each numeral or letter in an address shall be at least four inches high and two inches wide. Block-style Arabic numerals and English letters shall be used, with a space of at least one inch between numerals or letters.
(2) 
Colors and materials. Addresses shall be metal, wood or other sturdy, permanent material, securely fastened or attached to, and of a color that contrasts with, the surface upon which they are mounted or displayed.
B. 
Building addresses. Addresses shall be displayed on and/or in all buildings or parts thereof in the manner and locations specified in this section.
(1) 
Location on building exterior. Addresses shall be displayed on an exterior surface, at or near an entrance on the front or other side of the building that faces and is visible from the road that provides the means of vehicle access to the building at a height at least four feet above the ground and so as to be plainly visible and unobstructed from the road by visual barriers such as trees, shrubs, landscaping or structures.
(2) 
Multiple occupancies. For buildings having more than one occupant, the address for each occupant shall be displayed on the building exterior as required in Subsection B(1) of this section, at any interior entrances to the occupant's use area within the building, and, when there is more than one exterior entrance to the building, at or near the entrance providing the most direct means of access to the occupant's use area within the building.
(3) 
Building address number sizes. If a main address common to all occupants of a building is displayed in compliance with all requirements of this chapter, the size and spacing of address numerals and letters for individual occupants may be adjusted by the Township in response to a request for a waiver or variance under § 101-3.
C. 
Property addresses. In addition to addresses required on and in buildings, addresses shall be displayed in the circumstances, manner and locations designated in this section.
(1) 
When required. Property addresses are required:
(a) 
For buildings, vehicular access to which is provided by a private road serving more than one building;
(b) 
Where the exterior portion of a building where an address is required to be displayed under Subsection B(1) of this section is more than 100 feet from the nearest edge of the traveled portion of the road providing access to the building; or
(c) 
Where, due to topography, vegetation, layout or intervening sight barriers, the address required to be displayed on the building is not clearly visible on a year-round basis from the nearest edge of the traveled portion of the road providing access to the building.
(2) 
Manner and location of property addresses. When separate property addresses are required, they shall be displayed on a post, gate, driveway marker, mailbox, accessory structure or other sturdy and permanent surface that is within 20 feet of, and closer to, the private road or driveway providing access to the buildings than any other private road or driveway and is located on the same side of the road as that building. Property addresses shall be at least four feet above ground level and be readily visible from a vehicle traveling in a forward direction on the right side of the road. Continuous visibility of property addresses shall be maintained by the maintenance, clearance or removal of vegetation, accumulations of ice or snow and other obstructions to view.
D. 
Compliance responsibility and timing.
(1) 
Owner-occupant liability. Compliance with this chapter shall be the joint and several responsibility of all owners and occupants.
(2) 
Existing buildings. The building and property address requirements of this chapter for existing buildings shall be complied with within one year of the effective date of the ordinance from which this chapter is derived or, as provided in Subsection D(3) of this section, whichever is earlier.
(3) 
New buildings and building permits. All building and other permit applications to the Township for any purpose shall include a plan or description of existing or proposed address displays that do, or upon completion will, comply with the requirements of this chapter. Compliance with this chapter shall be a condition of any such permits that are issued and a condition precedent to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy or use for the permitted activity, property or building.

§ 101-3 Administration and enforcement.

A. 
Authorized officers. This chapter shall be administered and enforced by the Township building director and/or such other persons as may be designated by resolution of the Township Board of Trustees.
B. 
Interpretations; waivers; variances. Interpretations, variances and waivers of the requirements of this chapter may be made by the Township on a case-by-case basis where it is demonstrated by an owner or occupant that the purpose and intent of this chapter will be served and satisfied by an alternative to the standards in this chapter.

§ 101-4 Violations and penalties. [1]

Any person who shall violate the provisions of this chapter shall be responsible for a municipal civil infraction, and subject to a civil fine as set forth in Chapter 1, Article I, Definitions; General Penalty, of the Code of the Charter Township of Oakland. In addition to ordering a person determined to be responsible for a municipal civil infraction to pay a civil fine, costs, damages and expenses, the Judge or Magistrate shall be authorized to issue any judgment, writ or order necessary to enforce or enjoin violation of this chapter. Each act of violation, and on each day which any such violation shall occur, shall constitute a separate offense.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).