City of Bonne Terre, MO
St. Francois County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 405.260 Applicability.

[CC 2001 §17.64.010; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(A), 6-8-1999]
In addition to the off-street parking and loading requirements set forth in the district regulations appearing elsewhere in this Chapter, the specific requirements set forth in this Article shall apply to all uses cited, regardless of the district in which they are located.

Section 405.270 General Requirement.

[CC 2001 §17.64.020; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(B), 6-8-1999]
Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, off-street parking and loading spaces shall be provided at the time any building or structure is erected or structurally altered and all required parking spaces shall be located on the same lot on which the building or use served is located.

Section 405.280 Procedures and Standards.

[CC 2001 §17.64.030; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(C), 6-8-1999]
A. 
Prior to the issuance of any building permit, the Administrative Officer shall ensure that the provisions of this Article have been met.
B. 
All applications for a building permit for a new or enlarged building, structure or use or for a variance involving the construction or enlargement of any building, structure or use shall include plans for at least the minimum number of parking and loading spaces as herein required. The plans shall include a plot plan, drawn to scale and fully dimensioned, showing the dimensions and locations of off-street parking and loading spaces and the means of access to the spaces.
C. 
Minimum Off-Street Parking Dimensions. The regulations of this Subsection shall govern the dimensions of off-street parking spaces, including those provided in developments approved in planned districts or by special procedure approval to the contrary notwithstanding.
1. 
Except as otherwise provided for in this Subsection, the requirements for off-street parking of the Zoning Code of the City shall be implemented with regard to the minimum dimensions in the following table:
Parking Table
Parking Angle
Stall Width
19 foot Stall To Curb
Aisle Width
Curb Length Per Car
Curb To Curb
Center To Center Width Of Double Row With Aisle Between
45°
9.0 feet
19.7 feet
12.5 feet
12.7 feet
51.9 feet
45.6 feet
60°
9.0 feet
21.0 feet
17.5 feet
10.5 feet
59.5 feet
55.0 feet
90°
9.0 feet
19.0 feet
22.0 feet
9.0 feet
60.0 feet
n/a
* Additional width may be required where the aisle serves as the principal means of access to on-site buildings or structures.
An off-street loading space (exclusive of adequate access drives and maneuvering space) shall have minimum dimensions of twelve (12) feet by thirty-five (35) feet and an overhead clearance of not less than fourteen (14) feet in height above grade.
D. 
Access. Parking facilities shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in such a manner as to least interfere with the movement of traffic and, where only one (1) entry or exit is provided, to permit adequate maneuvering area for vehicles to turn around so no backing of vehicles into the street is required. No driveway or curb cut in any residential district shall exceed twenty-eight (28) feet in width. No driveway or curb cut in any commercial district shall exceed thirty (30) feet in width.
E. 
Required Setbacks. Except as otherwise provided, no parking space nor portion thereof established on the same lot with a building shall be located within a required front yard. On corner lots, no parking space shall be permitted in the required side yard adjacent to the street. No parking spaces nor portion thereof established on a lot without a building shall be located closer to any street line than the established building line on adjacent properties nor closer than the front yard setback required for the district in which the parking lot is located. Further, any wall, fence or hedge developed around any parking area shall be subject to the front yard setback requirements of this Chapter in the same manner as a building or structure.
F. 
Surfacing. All open off-street parking or loading areas, except those accessory to single-family or two-family dwellings, shall be improved with a compacted rock base not less than four (4) inches thick surfaced with not less than one and one-half (1½) inches of asphaltic concrete or a comparable all-weather dustless material. All paved parking spaces shall be properly marked by durable paint in stripes a minimum of four (4) inches wide and extending the length of the parking space.
G. 
Any lighting used to illuminate an off-street parking or loading area shall be arranged so as to reflect the light away from all adjoining properties, to the extent possible, and shall not interfere with traffic movement on adjacent streets. No flashing lights or lights simulating movement shall be permitted.
H. 
Adequate stormwater drainage facilities shall be installed to insure that stormwater does not flow onto abutting property or abutting sidewalks in such a way or quantity that pedestrians using the sidewalk would be detrimentally affected or inconvenienced.

Section 405.290 Determination of Number of Spaces Required.

[CC 2001 §17.64.040; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(D), 6-8-1999]
A. 
In computing the number of parking and loading spaces required, the following rules shall govern:
1. 
"Floor area" shall mean the floor space within the outside line of walls and includes the total of all floors of a building. It does not include porches, garages or space in a basement or cellar when such basement or cellar space is used for storage or incidental uses.
2. 
Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be construed to be the nearest whole number.
3. 
The parking and loading spaces required for a use not specifically mentioned herein shall be the same as required for a use of similar nature as determined by the City Planning and Zoning Commission.
4. 
Accessory off-street parking and loading spaces in existence on the effective date of this Chapter may not be reduced in number unless already exceeding the requirements of this Chapter for equivalent new construction; in which event, such spaces shall not be reduced below the number required herein for such equivalent new construction.
5. 
Whenever a building or use constructed or established after the effective date of this Chapter is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise to create a need for an increase of ten percent (10%) or more in the number of existing parking spaces, such spaces shall be provided on the basis of the enlargement or change. Whenever a building or use existing prior to the effective date of this Chapter is enlarged to the extent of fifty percent (50%) or more in floor area or in the area used, the building or use shall then and thereafter comply with the parking requirements set forth herein.
6. 
In the case of mixed or joint uses, the parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately.

Section 405.300 Schedule of Parking Spaces Required.

[CC 2001 §17.64.050; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(E), 6-8-1999]
Schedule of parking spaces required are as follows:
SCHEDULE OF PARKING SPACES
Type
Number of Parking Spaces
Single- and two-family dwelling
Two (2) parking spaces for each unit
Multiple-family dwelling
Two (2) parking spaces for each dwelling unit
Rooming or boarding house
One (1) parking space for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area in building or one (1) parking space for each sleeping room
Bed and breakfast
Two (2) for dwelling unit and an additional one (1) for each sleeping room
Auto sales or garage
One (1) parking space for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area in building or one (1) parking space for each employee, plus four (4) parking spaces for each maintenance stall, whichever is greater
Bank or savings and loan institution
Five (5) parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Bowling alley, recreation center, swimming pool, skating rink and other recreation and amusement facilities
One (1) parking space for every five (5) customers, computed on the basis of maximum servicing capacity at any one (1) time, plus one (1) additional space for every two (2) persons regularly employed on the premises
Business, professional or public office building
Three and one-third (3⅓) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Church or similar place of worship
One (1) parking space for each four (4) seats in the main auditorium (each thirty (30) inches of pew or bench space is considered one (1) seat)
Clothing store or shoe repair or service shop
Three (3) parking spaces for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, plus two and one-half (2½) parking spaces for each additional one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Clubhouses and permanent meeting places of veterans, business, civic, fraternal, labor and similar organizations
One (1) parking space for every fifty (50) square feet of aggregate floor area in the auditorium, assembly hall and dining room of such building, plus one (1) additional space for every two (2) persons regularly employed on the premises
Community center, library, museum or art gallery
Ten (10) parking spaces for the first two thousand (2,000) square feet of floor area, plus one (1) parking space for each additional three hundred (300) square feet of floor area
Dance hall, assembly or exhibition hall without fixed seats
One (1) parking space for each one hundred (100) square feet of floor area used therefor
Department or variety store
Parking or storage for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus three (3) parking spaces for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area and one (1) parking space for each additional one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Funeral home, mortuary or undertaking establishment
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus one (1) parking space for every two (2) persons regularly employed on the premises and one (1) space for every four (4) seats in the auditorium or chapel of such establishment
Furniture, appliance or hardware store
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus three (3) parking spaces for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area and one (1) parking space for each additional one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Golf course
Parking or storage for all vehicles directly used in the operation of the course, plus eighteen (18) parking spaces for each nine (9) holes and one (1) parking space for each person employed on the premises
Grocery or convenience food store
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business and one (1) parking space for each two (2) employees, plus four (4) parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Home occupation
Three (3) parking spaces, which number may include the required spaces for the residential dwelling unit
Hospital
One (1) parking space for each employee and staff person and one (1) parking space for every two (2) beds for patients
Hotel
One (1) parking space for each room plus one (1) parking space for each two (2) employees and four (4) parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area of public meeting or banquet area
Industrial or manufacturing plants and facilities
Parking or storage spaces for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the industrial operation, plus one (1) parking space for every two (2) employees on the premises based on the maximum employment of the largest shift
Machinery or equipment sales or service
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the operation of the business, plus two (2) parking spaces for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area and three (3) parking spaces for each additional one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area
Medical or dental clinic
One (1) parking space for each doctor practicing in the building and one (1) parking space for every two (2) persons regularly employed in the building, plus four (4) parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area or four (4) parking spaces for each examination room, whichever is greater
Motel
One (1) parking space for every two (2) persons regularly employed on the premises and one (1) parking space for each rental unit, plus additional spaces required for any commercial uses operated in association with the motel in accordance with this Chapter
Nursery school
Two (2) parking spaces, plus one (1) additional space for each five hundred (500) square feet of floor area
Nursing, rest or convalescent home
One (1) parking space for every five (5) beds occupied at maximum capacity, one (1) parking space for every self-care unit, plus one (1) parking space for every two (2) regular employees on the premises
Outdoor retail or wholesale business
Parking or storage for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus two (2) parking spaces for each person employed on the premises based on the maximum seasonal employment and such additional spaces as may be required by the Planning and Zoning Commission based on the nature of the business and other relevant factors
Repair shop, plumbing shop, electrical shop or other similar service establishment
Parking or storage spaces for all vehicles used directly in the operation of the business, plus two (2) parking spaces for each person regularly employed on the premises
Research or testing laboratory, creamery, bottling plant or similar establishment
Parking or storage for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus one (1) parking space for every two (2) employees on the premises based on the maximum employment of the largest shift
Restaurant, bar, nightclub, cafe or other similar eating, drinking or amusement establishment
One (1) parking space for each two (2) employees and one (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area
Retail business or personal service establishment, except as otherwise specified herein
One (1) parking space for each vehicle used directly in the conduct of the business, plus one (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area
Self-service laundry
One (1) parking space for every two (2) washing machines
Service or filling station
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus one (1) parking space for each gas pump, three (3) parking spaces for each grease rack or similar service bay and one (1) parking space for every two (2) employees based on the maximum employment of the largest shift
School
Elementary or junior high school
One (1) parking space for each staff member and person regularly employed on the premises, plus one (1) parking space for each classroom
School
High school, college or technical school
One (1) parking space for each staff member and person regularly employed on the premises, plus five (5) parking spaces for each classroom
Theater, auditorium, stadium, gymnasium, sports arena or similar place of public assembly
One (1) parking space for each five (5) seats or seating spaces available at maximum capacity (where bench seating is used, each thirty (30) inches of bench space is considered one (1) seat)
Warehouse, freight or trucking terminal
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus one (1) parking space for each two (2) employees on the premises based on the maximum employment of the largest shift
Wholesale establishment
Parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business, plus two (2) parking spaces for each employee based on the maximum employment of the largest shift

Section 405.310 Exceptions.

[CC 2001 §17.64.060; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(F), 6-8-1999]
A. 
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot or parcel of land as the main building or use being served, except that the required parking may be provided on a separate lot or parcel of land not over three hundred (300) feet from the main building or use, if the parking facilities are located in the same zoning district as the principal permitted use or in a less restricted zoning district.
B. 
Where an increase in the number of parking spaces is required by a change or enlargement in an existing use or where the required spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located and maintained on a separate lot or parcel of land not over three hundred (300) feet from the existing use or any of the establishments jointly or collectively using the parking facilities, provided that the parking facilities are located in the same zoning district or a less restricted zoning district as the uses served and the provisions of Subsection (D) of this Section are met.
C. 
Up to fifty percent (50%) of the parking spaces required for theaters, public auditoriums, bowling alleys, dance halls, nightclubs or cafes and up to one hundred percent (100%) of the parking spaces required for a church or school auditorium may be provided and used jointly by banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses not normally open, used or operated during the same hours as those listed above in this Subsection; provided however, that written agreement thereto is properly executed and filed as specified below.
D. 
In any case where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served or where such spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, a written agreement thereby assuring their retention for such purposes shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form and execution by the Administrative Officer and shall be filed with the application for a building permit.
E. 
Off-street parking space may be located within a required front yard in any "C" or "I" District, but no off-street parking shall be permitted in the required front yard of any "R" District except upon a driveway providing access to a garage, carport or parking area for a dwelling.
F. 
Non-Residential Parking In Residential Districts. Accessory off-street parking facilities serving non-residential uses of property may be permitted in any "R" District, when located not more than three hundred (300) feet from the boundary of any "C" District and when authorized by the City Council after review and study by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
The provision of non-residential parking in residential districts shall be subject to the special use regulations, Article VI "Special Use Regulations" of this Chapter and to the following requirements.
1. 
Ingress and egress to such parking lot shall be from a street directly serving the commercial, business or industrial districts in which the uses intended to be served are located.
2. 
The parking lot shall be used solely for the parking of passenger automobiles.
3. 
No commercial repair service or work of any kind shall be conducted on the parking lot, nor shall any sale or display for sale of vehicles be conducted thereon.
4. 
No sign of any kind, other than signs designating entrances, exits and conditions of use, shall be maintained on the parking lot and all signs shall not exceed twenty (20) square feet in area.
5. 
The parking lot may be open from 7:00 A.M. to 9:00 P.M. and shall be closed at all other times; provided however, that when supervised by one (1) or more full-time attendants, the parking lot may be kept open until 12:00 Midnight. Parking lot lights shall be turned off when the lot closes.
6. 
Each entrance to and exit from the parking lot shall be at least twenty (20) feet distant from any adjacent property located in any residential district, except where ingress to the parking lot is provided from a public alley or public way separating the residential areas from the proposed parking lot.
7. 
The parking area shall be set back in conformity with the established or required yards for residential uses and, where a parking area adjoins a dwelling use, it shall have a minimum side yard of ten (10) feet.
8. 
The parking area shall be suitably screened or fenced, paved and drained, lighted and maintained free of debris.
9. 
In addition to the foregoing requirements, such parking lots shall conform to any further requirements and conditions as may be prescribed by the City Council for the protection of properties adjacent to and in the vicinity of the proposed parking lot.

Section 405.320 Off-Street Loading Requirements.

[CC 2001 §17.64.070; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(G), 6-8-1999]
A. 
Every building or part thereof erected or occupied for retail business, service, manufacturing, storage, warehousing, hotel, mortuary, or any other use similarly involving the receipt or distribution by vehicles of materials or merchandise, shall provide and maintain on the same premises off-street loading space in accordance with the following requirements. Such space shall be in addition to and not considered as meeting a part of the requirements for off-street parking.
1. 
Retail businesses, service establishments and similar uses:
a. 
In "C-1" Commercial Districts. One (1) off-street loading space for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
b. 
In "C-2" Business and "C-3" Commercial Districts. One (1) off-street loading space for each fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
2. 
Industrial, manufacturing or similar uses. One (1) off-street loading space for each fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
3. 
Warehouse or wholesale storage facility. One (1) off-street loading space for each seven thousand five hundred (7,500) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
4. 
Freight terminal or trucking terminal. One (1) off-street loading space for each five thousand (5,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.