[CC 2001 §17.64.010; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(A), 6-8-1999]
In addition to the off-street parking and loading requirements set forth in the district regulations appearing elsewhere in this Chapter, the specific requirements set forth in this Article shall apply to all uses cited, regardless of the district in which they are located.
[CC 2001 §17.64.020; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(B), 6-8-1999]
Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, off-street parking and loading spaces shall be provided at the time any building or structure is erected or structurally altered and all required parking spaces shall be located on the same lot on which the building or use served is located.
[CC 2001 §17.64.030; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(C), 6-8-1999]
Prior to the issuance of any building permit, the Administrative Officer shall ensure that the provisions of this Article have been met.
All applications for a building permit for a new or enlarged building, structure or use or for a variance involving the construction or enlargement of any building, structure or use shall include plans for at least the minimum number of parking and loading spaces as herein required. The plans shall include a plot plan, drawn to scale and fully dimensioned, showing the dimensions and locations of off-street parking and loading spaces and the means of access to the spaces.
Minimum Off-Street Parking Dimensions. The regulations of this Subsection shall govern the dimensions of off-street parking spaces, including those provided in developments approved in planned districts or by special procedure approval to the contrary notwithstanding.
Except as otherwise provided for in this Subsection, the requirements for off-street parking of the Zoning Code of the City shall be implemented with regard to the minimum dimensions in the following table:
Access. Parking facilities shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in such a manner as to least interfere with the movement of traffic and, where only one (1) entry or exit is provided, to permit adequate maneuvering area for vehicles to turn around so no backing of vehicles into the street is required. No driveway or curb cut in any residential district shall exceed twenty-eight (28) feet in width. No driveway or curb cut in any commercial district shall exceed thirty (30) feet in width.
Required Setbacks. Except as otherwise provided, no parking space nor portion thereof established on the same lot with a building shall be located within a required front yard. On corner lots, no parking space shall be permitted in the required side yard adjacent to the street. No parking spaces nor portion thereof established on a lot without a building shall be located closer to any street line than the established building line on adjacent properties nor closer than the front yard setback required for the district in which the parking lot is located. Further, any wall, fence or hedge developed around any parking area shall be subject to the front yard setback requirements of this Chapter in the same manner as a building or structure.
Surfacing. All open off-street parking or loading areas, except those accessory to single-family or two-family dwellings, shall be improved with a compacted rock base not less than four (4) inches thick surfaced with not less than one and one-half (1½) inches of asphaltic concrete or a comparable all-weather dustless material. All paved parking spaces shall be properly marked by durable paint in stripes a minimum of four (4) inches wide and extending the length of the parking space.
Any lighting used to illuminate an off-street parking or loading area shall be arranged so as to reflect the light away from all adjoining properties, to the extent possible, and shall not interfere with traffic movement on adjacent streets. No flashing lights or lights simulating movement shall be permitted.
Adequate stormwater drainage facilities shall be installed to insure that stormwater does not flow onto abutting property or abutting sidewalks in such a way or quantity that pedestrians using the sidewalk would be detrimentally affected or inconvenienced.
[CC 2001 §17.64.040; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(D), 6-8-1999]
In computing the number of parking and loading spaces required, the following rules shall govern:
"Floor area" shall mean the floor space within the outside line of walls and includes the total of all floors of a building. It does not include porches, garages or space in a basement or cellar when such basement or cellar space is used for storage or incidental uses.
Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be construed to be the nearest whole number.
The parking and loading spaces required for a use not specifically mentioned herein shall be the same as required for a use of similar nature as determined by the City Planning and Zoning Commission.
Accessory off-street parking and loading spaces in existence on the effective date of this Chapter may not be reduced in number unless already exceeding the requirements of this Chapter for equivalent new construction; in which event, such spaces shall not be reduced below the number required herein for such equivalent new construction.
Whenever a building or use constructed or established after the effective date of this Chapter is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise to create a need for an increase of ten percent (10%) or more in the number of existing parking spaces, such spaces shall be provided on the basis of the enlargement or change. Whenever a building or use existing prior to the effective date of this Chapter is enlarged to the extent of fifty percent (50%) or more in floor area or in the area used, the building or use shall then and thereafter comply with the parking requirements set forth herein.
In the case of mixed or joint uses, the parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately.
[CC 2001 §17.64.050; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(E), 6-8-1999]
Schedule of parking spaces required are as follows:
[CC 2001 §17.64.060; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(F), 6-8-1999]
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot or parcel of land as the main building or use being served, except that the required parking may be provided on a separate lot or parcel of land not over three hundred (300) feet from the main building or use, if the parking facilities are located in the same zoning district as the principal permitted use or in a less restricted zoning district.
Where an increase in the number of parking spaces is required by a change or enlargement in an existing use or where the required spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located and maintained on a separate lot or parcel of land not over three hundred (300) feet from the existing use or any of the establishments jointly or collectively using the parking facilities, provided that the parking facilities are located in the same zoning district or a less restricted zoning district as the uses served and the provisions of Subsection (D) of this Section are met.
Up to fifty percent (50%) of the parking spaces required for theaters, public auditoriums, bowling alleys, dance halls, nightclubs or cafes and up to one hundred percent (100%) of the parking spaces required for a church or school auditorium may be provided and used jointly by banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses not normally open, used or operated during the same hours as those listed above in this Subsection; provided however, that written agreement thereto is properly executed and filed as specified below.
In any case where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served or where such spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, a written agreement thereby assuring their retention for such purposes shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form and execution by the Administrative Officer and shall be filed with the application for a building permit.
Off-street parking space may be located within a required front yard in any "C" or "I" District, but no off-street parking shall be permitted in the required front yard of any "R" District except upon a driveway providing access to a garage, carport or parking area for a dwelling.
Non-Residential Parking In Residential Districts. Accessory off-street parking facilities serving non-residential uses of property may be permitted in any "R" District, when located not more than three hundred (300) feet from the boundary of any "C" District and when authorized by the City Council after review and study by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
The provision of non-residential parking in residential districts shall be subject to the special use regulations, Article VI "Special Use Regulations" of this Chapter and to the following requirements.
Ingress and egress to such parking lot shall be from a street directly serving the commercial, business or industrial districts in which the uses intended to be served are located.
The parking lot shall be used solely for the parking of passenger automobiles.
No commercial repair service or work of any kind shall be conducted on the parking lot, nor shall any sale or display for sale of vehicles be conducted thereon.
No sign of any kind, other than signs designating entrances, exits and conditions of use, shall be maintained on the parking lot and all signs shall not exceed twenty (20) square feet in area.
The parking lot may be open from 7:00 A.M. to 9:00 P.M. and shall be closed at all other times; provided however, that when supervised by one (1) or more full-time attendants, the parking lot may be kept open until 12:00 Midnight. Parking lot lights shall be turned off when the lot closes.
Each entrance to and exit from the parking lot shall be at least twenty (20) feet distant from any adjacent property located in any residential district, except where ingress to the parking lot is provided from a public alley or public way separating the residential areas from the proposed parking lot.
The parking area shall be set back in conformity with the established or required yards for residential uses and, where a parking area adjoins a dwelling use, it shall have a minimum side yard of ten (10) feet.
The parking area shall be suitably screened or fenced, paved and drained, lighted and maintained free of debris.
In addition to the foregoing requirements, such parking lots shall conform to any further requirements and conditions as may be prescribed by the City Council for the protection of properties adjacent to and in the vicinity of the proposed parking lot.
[CC 2001 §17.64.070; Ord. No. Z-1-99 §400.160(G), 6-8-1999]
Every building or part thereof erected or occupied for retail business, service, manufacturing, storage, warehousing, hotel, mortuary, or any other use similarly involving the receipt or distribution by vehicles of materials or merchandise, shall provide and maintain on the same premises off-street loading space in accordance with the following requirements. Such space shall be in addition to and not considered as meeting a part of the requirements for off-street parking.
Retail businesses, service establishments and similar uses:
In "C-1" Commercial Districts. One (1) off-street loading space for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
In "C-2" Business and "C-3" Commercial Districts. One (1) off-street loading space for each fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
Industrial, manufacturing or similar uses. One (1) off-street loading space for each fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
Warehouse or wholesale storage facility. One (1) off-street loading space for each seven thousand five hundred (7,500) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.
Freight terminal or trucking terminal. One (1) off-street loading space for each five thousand (5,000) square feet, or fraction thereof, of gross floor area.