Velda City, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 588 §1, 4-12-2006]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
BICYCLE
Includes, but is not limited to, a human-powered vehicle designed to transport by act of pedaling which has more than two (2) wheels when the vehicle is used on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other road or rights-of-way. This also includes a tricycle.
BICYCLE HELMET
A piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission Federal safety standards, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
IN-LINE SKATES, ROLLER SKATES
A pair of devices worn on the feet with a set of wheels attached, regardless of the number or placement of those wheels, and used to guide or propel the user over the ground.
OPERATOR
A person who travels on a bicycle or tricycle seated on a saddle seat from which that person is intended to and can pedal the bicycle. This includes wearers of roller blades or roller skates and users of skateboards.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
A. 
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
1. 
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
2. 
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
3. 
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
4. 
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo. and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo. and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one (1) proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter, in the presence of a Peace Officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the State or for violation of ordinances of counties or municipalities of the State, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
A. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
B. 
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.
[Ord. No. 588 §2, 4-12-2006]
A. 
Every person operating or being a passenger on a bicycle or using in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards or non-motorized scooters on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public rights-of-way shall wear a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
B. 
No parent, custodian or legal guardian of a person age sixteen (16) and under shall knowingly permit said person to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle or to use in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards or non-motorized scooters without wearing a bicycle helmet as defined in this Chapter.
C. 
No person operating a bicycle on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public right-of-way shall allow anyone who is either four (4) years old or younger, weighing forty (40) pounds or less, to ride as a passenger on the bicycle other than in a seat which shall adequately retain the passenger in place and protect the passenger from the bicycle's moving parts.
D. 
Any operator or passenger, as defined in this Section, found to be in violation of this Section, may be issued an equipment violation notice as prescribed on a Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons. The person responsible for payment of the violation may have the violation dismissed if the person submits a receipt for a proof of purchase of a bicycle helmet along with the helmet to the Velda City Police Department within fourteen (14) calendar days of the date of the violation notice.
E. 
Fines assessed to juvenile violators (age sixteen (16) and under) will be the legal responsibility of the violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian and, therefore, any summons issued as a result of a violation committed by such a juvenile shall be issued to said violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian.
F. 
This Section shall only apply to bicycles, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards and non-motorized scooters operated on public access or rights-of-way and not on private residential property.