[Ord. No. 777 §26-89, 3-23-1994]
The provisions in this Article are intended to allow for the use of portions of residential structures or accessory structures in residential districts for economic gain. It is not the intent of this Article to subvert the commercial zoning districts contained in the zoning regulations nor to allow any use which is detrimental to the use of the property for residential purposes.
[Ord. No. 777 §26-90, 3-23-1994]
Home occupations shall involve no more than one (1) employee outside the resident family.
Home occupations shall not alter the residential appearance of the residence in which they are conducted and no home occupation may be continued in a residence that is otherwise vacant.
A home occupation may display one (1) sign that meets the following conditions:
Home occupations should not involve more than occasional client or customer visits and the construction of additional parking to serve the home occupation is prohibited.
No home occupation shall necessitate regular truck deliveries, nor shall a commercial vehicle be allowed as a part of the home occupation.
There shall be no outside storage of materials that are used in the home occupation.
The total area used for the home occupation shall not exceed twenty-five percent (25%) of the gross floor area of the dwelling.
There shall be no offensive noise, dust, smoke, odors, heat or glare noticeable at or beyond the property line.
The following uses shall not be permitted as home occupations:
[Ord. No. 777 §26-91, 3-23-1994]
Before any home occupation may commence, it shall be registered with the Planning and Zoning Commission to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Article.
A mobile home park or mobile home community may be located in any "C-1" District as provided by this Chapter.
Each mobile home park shall be designed so as to comply with the following standards:
Park minimum size. The mobile home park shall be located on a well-drained site consisting of at least eight (8) acres. The site shall be properly graded to insure rapid drainage and freedom from stagnant pools of water.
Setbacks. No mobile home shall be located less than forty (40) feet from any property line of the mobile home park or from any community building within the park, including any washroom, toilet or laundry facilities. Parking areas and internal private access drives shall not occupy the forty (40) foot perimeter setback.
Parking. All areas used for automobile access and parking shall comply with the applicable provisions of this Chapter, provided that there shall be at least one and one-half (1½) off-street parking spaces for each mobile home space and one (1) additional space for each five (5) such mobile homes to accommodate guests, and such parking shall be provided in locations convenient to individual mobile groups of mobile homes. In addition, each mobile home park shall provide a parking lot for storage of boats, recreation vehicles, and trucks that do not exceed one (1) ton capacity.
Recreation areas. Each mobile home park shall devote at least twenty (20%) of its gross areas to open space provided for the recreational use and enjoyment of the occupants of the park. Recreation areas shall be appropriate design and be provided with recreational equipment. Required yards between mobile homes and vehicular driveways and parking spaces shall not be counted in computing such open space.
Access. Each mobile home park shall abut upon and have direct access to a public street and the access drive shall not be less than thirty (30) feet in width. Each mobile home space shall have direct access to a hard surfaced driveway or interior street.
Interior streets. All interior streets have a minimum right-of-way width of fifty (50) feet and a paved roadway width of not less than twenty-two (22) feet. Interior streets, as a minimum, shall be provided with adequate ditches as called for by the City Engineer and with two (2) inches of hot-mix asphalt on eight (8) inches of crushed rock base, or hard surfaced, dust-free walkways shall be constructed along streets and/or midblock as may be deemed appropriate by the Commission.
Buffer planting. All areas not used for access, parking, circulation, buildings, and service shall be completely and permanently landscaped and the entire site maintained in good condition. A landscaped strip of land not less than fifteen (15) feet in width shall be established and maintained within the mobile home park along its exterior boundaries. Whenever a mobile home park abuts on any property outside of the part that is classified for residence use (except property actually used for non-residential use or for a mobile home park), then no mobile home shall be placed less than one hundred (100) feet from such boundary. The one hundred (100) foot setback required by this Subsection shall be planted and landscaped so as to screen the park from the above property.
Utilities. In every mobile home park fire hydrants shall be located in accordance with the Fire Code of the City of Billings. In no case shall any mobile home be located further than six hundred (600) feet from a fire hydrant. All mobile homes shall be connected to the City sewer and water systems. Gas and electrical systems and connections shall be installed in accordance with City specifications. Each mobile home shall be equipped with at least one (1) electrical outlet. All utilities shall be placed underground. Exterior lighting fixtures shall be shaded wherever necessary to avoid casting direct light on any property located in any other residence district.
Park area coverage. The buildings and mobile homes in any mobile home park together with any non-accessory buildings already on the lot shall not occupy in the aggregate more than thirty percent (30%) of the area of the park.
Storm shelters. Any mobile home park shall provide a storm shelter. Such storm shelter shall be located on the premises of the mobile home park or within one hundred fifty (150) feet from the main entrance to the mobile home park. There shall be provided within the shelter a minimum of forty (40) square feet of floor area per mobile home parking space. If such shelter is constructed more than one-half (½) story below finished grade, a minimum of three hundred fifty (350) cubic feet shall be provided per mobile home space. Adequate ventilation providing a complete change of air once each thirty (30) minutes, and adequate disaster first aid and emergency equipment shall be provided within such storm shelter.
Space size. Each mobile home park shall provide mobile home spaces, and each such space shall be clearly defined by a permanent marker in the ground. No single mobile home space shall contain less than four thousand (4,000) square feet. No single mobile home space shall have a width of less than forty (40) feet.
Spacing of mobile homes. Mobile homes shall be so located so that there is at least a twenty-five (25) foot clearance between mobile homes; provided however, with respect to mobile homes parked end-to-end, the end-to-end clearance may be less than twenty-five (25) feet, but shall not be less than twenty (20) feet.
Pads and skirting. Each mobile home space shall be equipped with runners or pads of sufficient size to support the wheels and the front parking jack. Each mobile home shall be provided with appropriate skirting within thirty (30) days after locating within the park.
Wheel removal. The wheels or other transporting device of any mobile home located in a mobile home park may be removed. Any mobile home located in a mobile home park for more than seventy-two (72) hours shall be securely anchored to the ground so as to attain the same resistance to wind as a comparable fixed residence.
Additional requirements. In addition to the foregoing, the Board of Aldermen may impose such other conditions, requirements or limitations concerning the design, development and operation of such mobile home parks as it may deem necessary for the protection of adjacent properties and the public interest.
If mobile home spaces only are provided, no service building shall be required. Any mobile home park providing for mobile homes shall have one (1) or more service buildings. Such service buildings shall:
Be located fifteen (15) feet or more from any mobile home space;
Be adequately lighted;
Have the interior finished with moisture-resistant material to permit frequent washing and cleaning;
Provide at least one (1) lavatory, water closet and shower for each sex, one (1) laundry tray, one (1) slop-water drain and hot and cold water;
Have adequate heating facilities for the building and equipment which will furnish ample supply of heated water during time of peak demands;
Have all rooms well ventilated, with all openings effectively screened.
[Ord. No. 667 §23-3, 11-3-1988]
It shall be unlawful for any person to park a mobile home or RV, either permanently or temporarily, upon any premises within the City for use for sleeping or dwelling purposes, except in a designated mobile home park which has been approved by the State Board of Health and is operated under an unrevoked permit duly issued by the State Board of Health and which has been duly licensed by the City.
It shall be unlawful for any person to occupy a mobile home or RV for use for sleeping or dwelling purposes while the same is parked on any premises within the City, except where the same is located in an approved and licensed trailer park.