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City of Billings, MO
Christian County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 777 §26-97, 3-23-1994]
A. 
All developments in all districts except for the "C-2" Central Business shall provide sufficient off-street parking spaces to accommodate vehicles that are likely to be attracted to the development.
B. 
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot with the principal building or use served, except as provided in this Article. If the off-street parking spaces required by this Article cannot reasonably be provided on the lot on which the principal use is located, such parking space may be provided on a lot within four hundred (400) feet of the principal use or building. The principal use shall be permitted to continue only as long as its parking requirements are met.
C. 
Whenever a building constructed or a use established after the effective date of this Chapter is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise to create a need for an increase of ten percent (10%) or more in the number of existing parking spaces, such spaces shall be provided on the basis of the enlargement or change. Whenever a building or use existing prior to the effective date of this Chapter is enlarged to the extent of fifty percent (50%) or more in floor area or in the area used, said building or use shall then and thereafter comply with the parking requirements set forth herein.
D. 
All required off-street parking shall be provided on a paved surface impervious to water.
E. 
Off-street parking facilities shall comply with the requirements of the Americans With Disabilities Act.
F. 
Where fractional spaces result in computation of parking space requirements, the parking spaces required shall be computed to the nearest whole number.
G. 
The parking space requirement for a use not specifically listed in Section 400.830 shall be the same as required for a use of similar nature as determined by the Commission.
[Ord. No. 777 §26-98, 3-23-1994]
Land Use
Parking Space Requirement
Single-family dwellings
2 spaces per dwelling
Two-family dwellings
2 spaces per dwelling
Multi-family dwellings
1.5 spaces per dwelling unit with ground floor entry and living space; 1 space per dwelling unit for multi-family units limited to the elderly; all other multi-family require 1 space per bedroom in each unit plus 1 additional space per unit in the development
Rooming house
1 space per bedroom
Tourist home, hotel, motel
1 space for each room to be rented plus additional space for restaurant or other facilities, in accordance with other sections of this table
Home occupations
4 spaces for offices of physicians or dentists; 2 spaces for attorneys and 1 space for all others
Major appliance, furniture stores, general "discount" and wholesale stores
1 space per 400 square feet of gross floor area
Convenience and miscellaneous sales
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Office buildings, banks and similar institutions
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Manufacturing
1 space for each employee on the largest shift and 1 space for each company vehicle
Nursery school, day care
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Education (elementary and secondary)
1 space for each staff member and employee; In the case of the secondary schools, 5 spaces per classroom
Churches
1 space for every 4 seats in the principal place of assembly
Community centers, libraries, social clubs and museums
1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Bowling alleys
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Stadiums and movie theaters
1 space for every 3 seats
Golf courses
2 spaces for each hole plus 1 space for each employee on the maximum shift. If the course also includes a restaurant/lounge facility, add 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area
Hospital, clinics
2 spaces per bed or 1 space per 150 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater
Nursing or rest homes, similar resident care facilities
3 spaces for every 5 beds; multi-family units require 1 space per unit plus 1 space for each employee
Funeral homes
1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area
Restaurants, bars
1 space for every 3 fixed seats;
1 space for every 2 employees on the largest shift
Vehicle sales, mobile home sales
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Vehicle repair, maintenance and body work
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Service stations
2 spaces for each gas pump plus 3 spaces for each grease rack
Car wash
2 spaces for drying and cleaning purposes per stall plus 2 reservoir spaces in front of each stall
Storage and parking
1 space for every 2 employees on the largest shift but not less than 1 space per 5,000 square feet of area devoted to storage, whether inside or outside
Dry cleaners
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Salvage yards
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Emergency services
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Agricultural, mining
1 space for every 2 employees on the largest shift
Post office, airport
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Open air markets
1 space per 1,000 square feet of area used for storage, display or sales
Greenhouses
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Animal services
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Mixed uses
Parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately
[Ord. No. 777 §26-99, 3-23-1994]
A. 
Recognizing that different land uses may have differing peak activity periods, joint use of parking facilities shall be permitted subject to the following:
1. 
Up to fifty percent (50%) of the parking spaces required for theaters, public buildings, bowling alleys, nightclubs, cafes and up to one hundred percent (100%) of the parking spaces required for a church or school auditorium may be provided and used jointly by banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses not normally open, used or operated during the same hours as those listed herein.
2. 
Where such parking spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located and maintained not to exceed three hundred (300) feet from an institutional building served and not to exceed five hundred (500) feet from any other non-residential building served.
3. 
In any case where the required parking spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, a written agreement thereby assuring the retention of the parking spaces for such use shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form by the City Attorney and shall be filed with the application for a building permit.
[Ord. No. 777 §26-100, 3-23-1994]
A. 
Minimum dimensions for parking spaces according to the angle of parking shall conform to the requirements in the following table:
Parking Angle
45°
60°
90°
Parallel
Width of parking space
12 feet
10 feet
9 feet
9 feet
Length of parking space
19 feet
19 feet
19 feet
23 feet
Width of driveway aisle, one-way traffic
13 feet
18 feet
24 feet
12 feet
Width of driveway aisle, two-way traffic
21 feet
23 feet
24 feet
19 feet
Width of access driveway
18 feet
14 feet
14 feet
14 feet
B. 
Parking areas shall be designed so that vehicles may exit without backing onto a public street. This requirement does not apply to driveways that provide parking space for single-family and two-family dwellings, although backing onto an arterial street is discouraged.
C. 
Parking areas shall allow for reasonable access and movement by emergency, sanitation and other public service vehicles.
D. 
Parking spaces in commercial, industrial, institutional and public parking lots shall be clearly marked with painted lines or dividers.
[Ord. No. 777 §26-101, 3-23-1994]
A. 
Every building or part thereof erected or occupied for retail business, service, manufacturing, storage, warehousing, hotel, funeral home or any other similar use involving the receipt or distribution by vehicles of materials or merchandise shall provide and maintain off-street loading spaces on the site in accordance with the following:
1. 
One (1) loading space for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof.
2. 
Loading space area shall have a minimum dimension of twelve (12) feet by fifty-five (55) feet with an overhead clearance of fourteen (14) feet from the street grade.
3. 
No area allocated to loading and unloading facilities may be used to satisfy the requirements for off-street parking, nor shall any portion of any off-street parking area be used to meet the requirements for loading and unloading.