City of Billings, MO
Christian County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[CC 1975 §18-40]
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this Article shall be as follows:
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five (5) feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
COMBINED SEWER
A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
INDUSTRIAL WASTES
The liquid waste from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
INSPECTOR
The person or persons duly authorized by the City to inspect and approve the installation of building sewers and their connection to the public sewer system.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
PUBLIC SEWER
A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
SEWAGE
A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
SEWAGE WORKS
All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
SHALL
Is mandatory; MAY: Is permissive.
SUPERINTENDENT
The Superintendent of the sewage works of the City or his/her authorized deputy, agent or representative.
[CC 1975 §18-41]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in an unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the City, or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste which ordinarily would be regarded as sewage or industrial wastes.
B. 
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within said City, or in any area under the jurisdiction of said City, any sanitary sewage, industrial waste or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this Article.
C. 
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facilities intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
D. 
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the City and abutting any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sewer or combined sewer of the City is hereby required at his/her expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this Article within ninety (90) days after the date of official notice to do so, provided that said public sewer is within one hundred (100) feet of the property line.
[CC 1975 §18-42]
A. 
Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions above, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with all requirements of the State Board of Health.
B. 
At such times as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a sewage disposal system as provided above, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this Article and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned.
C. 
The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times at no expense to the City.
D. 
No statement contained in this Section shall be to construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the City Health Officer.
[CC 1975 §18-43; Ord. No. 10-08(700.370) §7, 5-13-2010]
A. 
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenances thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the City Clerk. Before a permit may be issued for excavating for plumbing in any public street, way or alley, the person applying for such permit shall have executed unto the City and deposited with the City Clerk a surety bond in a sum as determined by the City from time to time, conditioned that he/she will perform faithfully all work with due care and skill and in accordance with the laws, rules and regulations established under the authority of any ordinances of the City pertaining to plumbing. This bond shall state that the person will indemnify and save harmless the City and the owner of the premises against all damages, costs, expenses, outlays and claims of every nature and kind arising out of unskillfulness or negligence on his/her part in connection with plumbing or excavating for plumbing as prescribed in this Section. Such bond shall remain in force and must be executed for a period of one (1) year except that on such expiration, it shall remain in force as to all penalties, claims and demands that may have accrued thereunder prior to such expiration.
B. 
There shall be two (2) classes of building sewer permits:
1. 
For residential and commercial service, and
2. 
For service to establishments producing industrial waste.
In either case, the owner or his/her agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the City. The permit applications shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the inspector.
C. 
All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner or the person installing the building sewer for said owner shall indemnify said City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by said installation.
D. 
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one (1) building sewer. Other exceptions will be allowed only by special permission granted by the Superintendent.
E. 
Old building sewers or portions thereof may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found on examination and test by the said Inspector to meet all requirements of this Section.
F. 
Building sewer lines shall be constructed of plastic sewer pipe with not less than one thousand (1,000) pound/foot crush strength to meet Cs 228-61 requirements or better. If installed in filled or unstable ground, a plastic sewer pipe must be constructed and laid on a suitable improved bed or cradle as approved by the inspector.
G. 
All joints and connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Joints for plastic sewer pipe shall have slip tight joint using a sealer as recommended by the pipe manufacturer.
H. 
The size and slope of the building sewers shall be subject to the approval of the said inspector, but in no event shall the diameter be less than four (4) inches. The slope of such four (4) inch pipe shall not be less than one-eighth (⅛) inch per foot. A slope of one-fourth (¼) inch per foot shall be used wherever practical.
I. 
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be bought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work unless otherwise approved by the said inspector. Pipe laying and backfill shall be performed in accordance with A.S.T.M. specification (Designation C12) except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected by the inspector or his/her representative.
J. 
In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drains shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the building sewer. No water operated sewage ejector shall be used.
K. 
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall be made at the "Y" branch designated for that property, if such branch is available at a suitable location. Any connection made at the designated "Y" branch in the main sewer shall be made only as directed by the inspector.
L. 
The applicant for the building sewer shall notify the said inspector when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer is to be made. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the said inspector or his/her representative.
M. 
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the said City.
[CC 1975 §18-44]
A. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, ground water, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
B. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged to any public sewer any harmful waters or wastes, whether liquid, solid or gas, capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works, or other interference with the proper operation of the sewer works.
C. 
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes having harmful or objectionable characteristics shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent who may prescribe limits on the strength and character of these waters and wastes. Where necessary, in the opinion of the Superintendent, the owner shall provide at his/her expense such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to treat these wastes prior to discharge to the public sewer. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the said Superintendent and of the State Board of Health and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approval is obtained in writing. Where preliminary treatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his/her expense.
D. 
When required by the Superintendent, the owner of any property served by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install and maintain at his/her expense a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes shall be determined in accordance with standard methods for the examination of water and sewage and shall be determined at the control manhole or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected.
E. 
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the said inspector, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amount or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. Where installed, they shall be maintained by the owner, at his/her expenses, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
[CC 1975 §18-45]
No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the sewage works. Any person violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under charge of disorderly conduct.
[CC 1975 §18-46]
The Superintendent, inspector and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
[CC 1975 §18-47]
A. 
Any person found to be violating any provision of the Article except Sections 700.170, 700.280 and 700.390 shall be served by the City with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
B. 
Any person who shall continue any violation beyond the time limit provided for in Subsection (A) above or in violation of Sections 700.170, 700.280 or 700.390 shall be charged with an ordinance violation and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in accordance with Section 100.220. Each day in which any such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense.
C. 
Any person violating any of the provisions of this Article shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.