Village of Camillus, NY
Onondaga County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
For purposes of interpretation, various terms used in this chapter shall be construed as follows:
BUILDING OFFICIAL
The person or persons to whom the administration of the Village of Camillus Zoning Law has been delegated. Administration shall include the issuance of permits and the enforcement of violations but shall exclude the Village Board of Trustees and Board of Zoning Appeals. The duly appointed Code Enforcement Officer of the Village of Camillus shall be the "Building Official" as defined herein.
[Amended 2-16-1999 by L.L. No. 2-1999; 8-11-2011 by L.L. No. 3-2011]
A. 
A commercial activity conducted within and accessory to a dwelling unit, operated in accordance with the regulations set forth in § 110-37 of this chapter.
B. 
A commercial activity primarily engaged in the transformation of inorganic substances derived generally from agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining and quarrying into new products, including the assembly of component parts of manufactured products (excluding structures or fixed improvements to real estate), such as are normally associated with plants, factories and mills utilizing power-driven machinery and materials-handling equipment. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing products produced on the same premises as that on which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, ice cream parlors, tailors, small crafts and similar recognized specialties, shall not be considered manufacturing but retailing.
C. 
A commercial activity characterized by the direct sale of goods and services to the ultimate consumer, customarily involving stock-in-trade such as are normally associated with department stores, food markets and similar establishments, but also including financial institutions, business and professional offices and services, eating establishments, places of amusement and recreation and similar facilities available to the general public.
D. 
A commercial activity characterized by the sale of merchandise to retail, manufacturing, institutional or other wholesale establishments in bulk and having on-premises storage and distribution facilities.
COMMERCIAL RESIDENCE
A rooming house, boardinghouse, tourist home, guesthouse, hotel, motel, dormitory, chapter house or similar facility designed for transient or permanent occupancy, private or public, but expressly excluding a family or group residence as defined herein.
CRITICAL IMPACT
A characteristic of land use as set forth in § 110-28 of this chapter.
DAY CARE
An activity providing for the care and supervision of minors as a daily program, such as nurseries, preschool programs and day-care centers, but expressly excluding group residences and child care within a family dwelling unit involving less than seven persons daily.
DRIVEWAY
Land used by vehicular traffic as access to and situated on the property or lot; such land shall be a hard-surfaced area of stone, gravel asphalt, brick pavers or concrete.
[Added 11-21-2016 by L.L. No. 5-2016]
DWELLING UNIT (D/U)
An area within a structure having direct access from the exterior thereof or through a common hall or entrance, generally containing kitchen, bathroom, dining, sleeping and similar facilities incidental and necessary to human habitation and intended and designed as a self-contained living or housekeeping unit. Such area may consist of an entire house, dwelling, apartment or be composed of a single room, group of rooms, suite or similar structural component. Such area shall be designed exclusively as a place of residence and/or domicile for occupancy by not more than one family as defined herein.
A. 
A structure designed for and containing one dwelling unit and no other principal uses.
B. 
A structure designed for and containing two dwelling units and no other principal uses.
C. 
A structure designed for and containing three or more dwelling units and no other principal uses.
D. 
A single-family residential dwelling contained within a structure designed for and/or adaptable to quick mobility, completely manufactured and assembled off site for transportation to a location providing facilities for connection to utilities and sanitary facilities with simple connecting devices, as distinguished from travel or camping trailers and prefabricated modular units used in residential construction. The combination of two or more structures of this type to create a single-family residential dwelling or provision for expansion on site of a single structure via telescoping devices shall not change the character of said dwelling as a mobile home, it being intended to provide for unique innovations in mobile home designs.
E. 
A structure designed for and containing one dwelling unit and no other principal uses, which structure is attached by common walls and/or a common roof to one or more single-family dwelling units. Each unit shall have its own front and rear access to the outside, and no unit shall be located over another unit, and each unit shall be separated from any other units by one or more fire-resistant walls. No building shall contain more than six such townhouse dwelling units. No accessory structure shall be permitted. It is anticipated that each "townhouse dwelling unit" will be owner-occupied and each such townhouse dwelling unit shall be contained within a lot as herein defined. Zero lot lines shall be allowed between attached townhouse dwelling units; otherwise the following area restrictions shall control:
[Added 7-3-1990 by L.L. No. 2-1990]
(1) 
Minimum size parcel under development: 13,000 square feet in area.
(2) 
Minimum lot area per dwelling unit: 2,300 square feet.
(3) 
There shall be no more than seven dwelling units per acre.
(4) 
Minimum width of lot: 20 feet.
(5) 
Minimum front yard depth: 30 feet.
(6) 
Minimum rear yard depth: 35 feet or 15% of lot depth, whichever is greater.
(7) 
Maximum height of structure: 2 1/2 stories or 35 feet, whichever is less.
(8) 
Maximum lot coverage: 40%.
(9) 
Minimum distance between townhouse dwelling units that are attached to each other as part of the same building may be zero feet.
(10) 
Minimum distance between separate buildings containing townhouse dwelling units: 40 feet.
F. 
One or more dwelling units contained within a structure having an office, manufacturing, retail or wholesale business as its principal use.
[Added 5-4-2004 by L.L. No. 1-2004]
A. 
A college, university, professional business or technical school or similar place of instruction, excluding secondary education.
B. 
Academic instruction from the elementary through 12th grades, including private schools whose curriculum is substantially equivalent to that of public schools as required by the Education Law of the State of New York, but not including institutions of higher education. This term shall also include day-care facilities where accessory to the principal use.
FAMILY
This term shall refer collectively to any of the categories hereinafter set forth. For purposes of interpretation, the numerical restrictions contained in Subsections B and C of this definition shall not be deemed to exclude persons 17 years of age or less who are related to or otherwise under the custodial supervision of an occupant; however, persons 18 years of age or more shall be included irrespective of their relationship to other occupants within such categories. "Family" shall include the following:
A. 
One or more persons, all of whom are related to one another by marriage, consanguinity or adoption.
B. 
Not more than four unrelated persons.
C. 
Five or more unrelated persons upon the issuance of an administrative permit pursuant to § 110-11A of this chapter.
D. 
A boarding home for children, agency boardinghouse, group home, foster home or similar occupancy characterized by not more than 12 persons 17 years of age or less who are not related to the adult occupants of the dwelling unit. This category may include joint occupancy of a dwelling unit with the category of persons delineated in Subsection A above.
FARM
The use of land for agricultural or horticultural purposes or for the raising of domestic animals or food.
FUNERAL HOME
An establishment with facilities for the preparation of the dead for burial or cremation, for the viewing of the body and for the observances held for a dead person as an incident to burial or cremation, but expressly excluding morgues, mortuaries and educational facilities engaged in teaching mortuary science.
GROUP RESIDENCE
A place of residence and/or domicile by one or more persons, wherein the residential quarters are considered an integral component of a recognized program of rehabilitation, custodial supervision or care, together with required supervisory personnel. This term shall exclude occupancy described in Subsection D of the definition of "family."
HOSPITAL
A structure containing facilities for the treatment of illness, disease and injury, providing inpatient and/or outpatient accommodations and including what are commonly termed "clinics," "diagnostic centers," "neighborhood health centers" and similar uses, but expressly excluding a group residence except where such facilities are accessory only.
INDOOR SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
A land use for the indoor storage of tangible goods and personal property intended to be made available to the public for a fee; commonly called "self-storage units," all located on a lot not less than one acre.
[Added 11-21-2016 by L.L. No. 6-2016]
JUNKYARD
An activity characterized by the storage, sale or dismantling of discarded machinery, equipment, paper, rags, scrap and similar materials, which activity is the principal activity as opposed to an incidental use of another type of business as defined herein. For purposes of interpretation, this term shall specifically include automobile graveyards and scrap metal processing plants.
LAND DISTURBANCE
Any grading, excavation or fill activity resulting in the extraction, placement, replacement, removal or displacement of 10,000 or more square feet of topsoil, vegetation or other surface material or 1,000 or more cubic yards of subsurface materials. The square footage shall be computed by measuring the area contained within a line drawn around the perimeter of the land area affected. Where more than one lot, site or area is to be affected as part of a single development plan or scheme, then all such areas shall be included in the computation of square feet or cubic yards. Cemetery plot excavations are excluded.
LOT
An area contained within lot lines shown on a properly recorded subdivision map or similar document approved pursuant to this chapter or any previous zoning or subdivision law of the Village of Camillus or described in a deed recorded prior to the adoption of this chapter or approved as a lot by any other applicable regulation. Areas shown on maps or described in deeds which are contiguous shall be considered separate "lots" unless otherwise indicated or intended as one "lot" in said instrument.
LOT ALTERATION
Any change in the dimension or orientation of a lot line not resulting in or constituting subdivision or resubdivision as defined herein.
LOT AREA
A lot expressed in square units of measure derived by viewing the lot as a level surface.
LOT COVERAGE
Lot area occupied by principal and accessory structures, but expressly excluding secondary structures.
LOT LINE
A boundary defining ownership of land as derived from maps, deeds or similar title documents. Boundaries defining less than a fee interest, including leasehold interests and common areas, shall be submitted to the Board of Appeals for a determination as to whether such boundaries constitute a lot line for purposes of allowing land use activities. Lot lines shall also be classified as rear, front and side lot lines as hereinafter defined. Where the application of such classifications cannot be made with certainty as determined by the Building Official, the Board of Appeals shall render a determination establishing an appropriate classification for purposes of allowing land use activities.
A. 
A lot line coincidental with the line of a street, sidewalk or other public right-of-way, except that, where such line is described as being within the boundaries of a public right-of-way, the public right-of-way shall be construed to be the "front lot line." Where two public rights-of-way intersect, a lot line coincidental with the boundary line of either may be selected as the "front lot line" for development purposes.
B. 
A lot line generally parallel to or directly opposite a front lot line.
C. 
A lot line extending between a front and rear lot line.
LOT WIDTH
The linear dimension of a straight line situated between side lot lines and measured at a distance from the front lot line equal to the front yard depth.
MOTOR VEHICLE
Includes any vehicle designed for the purpose of or actually used in transporting human beings, which vehicle is propelled by any power other than muscular power; excepting electrically driven mobility assistance devices operated or driven by a person with a disability.
[Added 3-27-2003 by L.L. No. 2-2003]
NONCONFORMING ELEMENT
A use, accessory use, structure, secondary structure, accessory structure, lot, yard or any other activity or component relating to the use of land and the improvement thereon which does not comply with the applicable district or general or special regulations contained in this chapter but which did comply at its inception.
NONCONFORMING LOT DEVELOPMENT
The improvement of a nonconforming lot with a new principal structure.
NONPROFIT CENTER
A land use activity under the direct supervision and control of a nonprofit organization with a defined membership, whether or not open to the general public, which provides facilities for varying types of active and passive recreation, together with related social activities, such as community centers, fraternal organizations, athletic clubs, tennis clubs, country clubs and neighborhood centers providing education, training and counseling.
OPEN SPACES, PUBLIC
A land use officially designated as a place of public recreation or open space, including parks, playgrounds, squares, plazas, tot-lots and similar uses.
PARKING COVENANT
An agreement whereby provision for the location of off-street parking facilities is made available where the land use activity for which such facilities are provided is not under the same legal control as the locational facilities. Such agreement must provide that the Village of Camillus is a beneficial party in interest. The form and substance of the agreement must be approved by the legal representatives of the Village and be recorded in the Onondaga County Clerk's office as a covenant running with the land and appropriately indexed. Such agreement may not be subordinated to any other interest in the subject property which could terminate the use of such facilities as provided for in the covenant.
PERMITS, SPECIAL
Special authorization for a land use activity which may be granted by the Village Board of Trustees in accordance with Article III of this chapter.
[Amended 1-16-2011 by L.L. No. 1-2011]
PUBLIC ASSEMBLY
A place designed to accommodate the general public for special events, commercial and otherwise, such as auditoriums, theaters, stadiums, amphitheaters and halls, but excluding those places incidental to a use involving restricted membership or association, such as a religious use, nonprofit center or place of higher or secondary education.
PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
The established boundary lines of a street, sidewalk, alley or similar thoroughfare defining the corridors for vehicular and pedestrian traffic used by the general public.
RELIGIOUS USE
A place of worship, such as a church, temple, synagogue or similar structure, together with such other structures and uses as are normally incidental thereto, but expressly excluding centralized or cooperative office facilities for religious organizations.
RESUBDIVISION
Alteration of the size, shape or orientation of lots, lot lines, rights-of-way or other elements which are contained within subdivision maps or affect elements resulting from a previous subdivision process.
SCREENING DEVICE
A permanent barrier, any portion of which is situated above grade and which is composed of any material except natural vegetation, including what are commonly termed "walls," "fences," "screens" and all similar structures or improvements, but specifically excluding the exterior walls or projections thereof, whether detached or attached, of principal or accessory structures contained within required front, side and rear setback lines.
SIGN
An emblematic design, including those which are composed of light rays only, calculated to attract public attention to a product, service or undertaking encompassing activities both on and off the property where such designs are situated, including what are commonly termed "billboards" and "posters," symbols and similar devices of whatever composition, size, location or color.
STORY
That portion of a building which is between one floor level and the next higher floor level or the roof. If a mezzanine floor area exceeds 1/3 of the area of the floor immediately below, it shall be deemed to be a "story." A basement shall be deemed to be a "story" when its ceiling is six or more feet above the finished grade. A cellar shall not be deemed to be a "story." An attic shall not be deemed to be a "story" if unfinished and without human occupancy.
STREET DEVELOPMENT
The improvement of a parcel of land, whether or not constituting or incidental to a lot alteration, subdivision or resubdivision, resulting in the development of a vehicular right-of-way open to the general public or providing for common ingress and/or egress to two or more principal structures.
A. 
An enclosure generally designed to accommodate an accessory use but detached from the principal structure, such as a garage for vehicles accessory to the principal use, a freestanding storage shed or similar facility. An "accessory structure" attached to or contained within a principal structure shall be considered part of the principal structure.
B. 
An enclosure designed primarily to accommodate a principal use, such as a dwelling house, apartment building, office building or factory. A facility designed to provide covered storage of vehicles and which is attached to or contained within a principal structure, such as a garage or carport, shall be considered part of the principal structure.
C. 
A structure generally associated with the use of property, other than a principal or accessory structure, including but not limited to a fence, radio tower or television antenna, flagpole, fireplace, signs and outdoor recreational facilities such as a tennis court, swimming pool or basketball court.
STRUCTURE, HEIGHT OF
The vertical distance measured from curb or grade level to the highest level of a flat or mansard roof or to the average height of a pitched, gabled, hip or gambrel roof, excluding bulkheads, penthouses and similar constructions enclosing equipment or stairs, provided that they are less than 12 feet in height and do not occupy more than 30% of the area of the roof upon which they are located. In the case of structures not containing a roof, such as secondary structures, height shall be the distance between the lowest exposed portion of the structure situated above grade and the highest elevation of such structure.
SUBDIVISION
Refers collectively to the act of dividing a parcel of land into two or more lots or to a map filed in the County Clerk's office of the County of Onondaga as a subdivision map or to a map approved as a subdivision but not filed.
TRANSITIONAL PARKING FACILITY
A facility designed exclusively for the storage of automobiles, which is accessory to one or more principal uses not situated on the same lot, which facility is not otherwise permitted by this chapter, and which does not constitute a commercial parking lot or garage.
A. 
An activity which is incidental, subordinate to and which may not be carried on independently of a principal use, such as a home occupation business, accessory off-street parking facilities and small-scale manufacturing, repair or similar services incidental to retail business.
B. 
An activity which may be carried on independently of any other activity and which generally characterizes the primary purpose for which land and/or principal structures thereon are intended and designed.
UTILITY IMPROVEMENT
Accessory and secondary structures used in conjunction with utility services, such as power substations, transmission towers and pumping stations, but expressly excluding business, storage or service uses associated therewith unless on the same premises and incidental thereto and also excluding subsurface installations such as pipelines and similar transmission facilities.
VEHICULAR ACTIVITY
The on-premises repair, maintenance, improvement and general servicing of self-propelled vehicles or the sale or leasing of such vehicles; public-transit service center; commercial parking facilities; or general vehicular-oriented consumer activities. A "vehicular activity" shall include gas stations, car washes, body and fender shops, automotive specialists, automobile dealers, parking garages or lots open to the general public, bus or train depots, taxi dispatching centers involving taxi storage areas, and drive-in-type services associated with restaurants, banks, auto adjustment and related businesses having a drive-in window and/or permitting on-premises consumption within vehicles, and a drive-in theater.
A. 
Lot area bounded by front and side lot lines and a line parallel to the front lot line and situated therefrom a distance equivalent to the applicable front yard setback.
B. 
Lot area situated between a front and rear yard area, a side line and a line parallel to said side line and situated a distance therefrom equivalent to the applicable side yard setback.
C. 
Lot area bounded by rear and side lot lines and a line parallel to the rear line and situated a distance therefrom equivalent to the applicable rear yard setback.