City of Cassville, MO
Barry County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[R.O. 1997 §710.010; CC 1989 §15-71; Ord. No. 1159 Art. I §§1 — 24, 9-12-1994]
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this Article shall be as follows:
ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials.
BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty degrees Celsius (20° C.), expressed in milligrams per liter (mg/l).
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five (5) feet [one and one-half (1.5) meters] outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
CITY
The City of Cassville, Missouri.
COD (CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
A measure of the oxygen equivalent of the organic matter content of a sample that is susceptible to oxidation by a strong chemical oxidant.
COMBINED SEWER
A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
DIRECTOR
The Public Works Director of the City or his/her authorized deputy, agent, or representative.
GARBAGE
Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage, and sale of produce.
INDUSTRIAL WASTES
The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade, or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.
MAY
Is permissive.
NATURAL OUTLET
Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or ground water.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation, or group.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half (1/2) inch [one and twenty-seven hundredths (1.27) centimeters] in any dimension.
PUBLIC SEWER
A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and which is controlled by public authority.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface, and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
SEWAGE
A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface, and storm waters as may be present.
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
SEWAGE WORKS
All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating, and disposing of sewage.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
SHALL
Is mandatory.
SLUG
Any discharge of water, sewage, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than fifteen (15) minutes more than five (5) times the average twenty-four-hour concentration of flows during normal operation.
STORM DRAIN (sometimes termed "STORM SEWER")
A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
SUSPENDED SOLIDS (SS)
The total suspended matter that floats on the surface of, or is suspended in, water, wastewater or other liquids, and which is removable by laboratory filtering.
WATERCOURSE
A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
WPCF
Water Pollution Control Federation.
[R.O. 1997 §710.020; CC 1989 §15-72; Ord. No. 1159 Art. VIII §§1 — 3, 9-12-1994]
A. 
Any person found to be violating any provision of this Article except Section 710.190 shall be served by the City with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
B. 
Any person who shall continue any violation beyond the time limit provided for in Subsection (A) shall be guilty of an ordinance violation. Each day in which any such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense.
C. 
Any person violating any of the provisions of this Article shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.
[R.O. 1997 §710.030; CC 1989 §15-73; Ord. No. 1159 Art. II §§1 — 4, 9-12-1994]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit, or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the City, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the City, any human or animal excrement, garbage, or other objectionable waste.
B. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge to any natural outlet within the City, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the City, any sewage or other polluted wastes, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this Article.
C. 
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful for any person to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
D. 
The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the City, is hereby required, at his/her expense, to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this Article, within ninety (90) days after the date of official notice to do so, provided that such public sewer is within one hundred (100) feet of the property line.
[R.O. 1997 §710.040; CC 1989 §15-74; Ord. No. 1028 §2, 1-23-1989; Ord. No. 1159 Art. III §§1 — 8, 9-12-1994]
A. 
Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of Section 710.030(D), the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of this Section.
B. 
Before commencement of construction of a private sewage disposal system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the Director. The application for such permit shall be made on a form furnished by the City, which the applicant shall supplement by any plans, specifications, and other information as is deemed necessary by the Director. A permit and inspection fee of fifty dollars ($50.00) plus the cost of the saddle shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.
C. 
A permit for a private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the Director. He/she shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction and, in any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the Director when the work is ready for final inspection and before any underground portions are covered. The inspection shall be made within forty-eight (48) hours of the receipt of notice by the Director.
D. 
The type, capacities, location, and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all recommendations of the State Department of Natural Resources. No permit shall be issued for any private sewage disposal system employing subsurface soil absorption facilities where the area of the lot is less than fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet. No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted to discharge to any natural outlet.
E. 
At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in Subsection (D) above, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this Article, and any septic tanks, cesspools, and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material.
F. 
The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City.
G. 
No statement contained in this Section shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the Health Officer.
H. 
When a public sewer becomes available, the building sewer shall be connected to such sewer within sixty (60) days, and the private sewage disposal system shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with clean, bank-run gravel or dirt.
[R.O. 1997 §710.050; Ord. No. 95-1188, 11-27-1995; Ord. No. 1660 §1, 4-4-2011]
A. 
Definition. "Septic tank effluent pumping (STEP) system" is a facility consisting of a tank or tanks for settling and digesting wastewater solids, and a pressure piping system for conveying the supernatant liquid into the sewer system.
B. 
Permits. Septic tank effluent pumping (STEP) systems can only be used within the boundaries of the City of Cassville when approved by a permit issued by the Building Inspector. The Building Inspector shall not approve permits for the use of STEP systems when service could be provided from an existing gravity flow sewer main within one hundred (100) feet from the property line of the facility to be served by the proposed STEP system.
C. 
Limitation. Only sanitary wastewater shall be discharged into a STEP tank. Roof drains and other storm water sources shall be directly excluded from the STEP system.
D. 
Operation And Maintenance. Operation and maintenance of the pumping system and pump controls shall be the responsibility of the property owner. The property owner will repair or replace the STEP pump when needed. Power for the STEP system shall be provided and funded by the property owner. The septic tank, all sewer pipe, drains and plumbing between the STEP tank and the building being served, as well as the City's sewer main, is the responsibility of the property owner. The property owner will also be responsible for funding services to pump out the septic tank as required.
E. 
Alarms. All STEP systems shall be equipped with an alarm system to notify property occupants when the STEP system stops operating. The property occupants assume responsibility for damages resulting from any plumbing backups such as those that occur when water usage is not curtailed during an alarm condition or when the property occupant disables the alarm.
F. 
Failure To Comply. In the event that any property owner fails to properly maintain any Septic Tank Effluent Pumping (STEP) system for which he/she is responsible, the City may, after five (5) days' written notice, terminate his/her water service.
[R.O. 1997 §710.060; CC 1989 §15-75; Ord. No. 1028 §1, 1-23-1989; Ord. No. 1159 Art. IV §§1 — 11, 9-12-1994]
A. 
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Director. The City may require any person connecting to a substandard line to sign a waiver and release which may be recorded. The City will not assume any responsibility for the maintenance of substandard lines under any circumstances.
B. 
Classes Of Permits.
1. 
There shall be two (2) classes of building sewer permits:
a. 
For residential and commercial service; and
b. 
For service to establishments producing industrial wastes.
2. 
In either case, the owner or his/her agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the City. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent to the judgment of the Director. A permit and inspection fee of fifty dollars ($50.00) for a residential or commercial building sewer permit and fifty dollars ($50.00) for an industrial building sewer permit shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed. The owner shall also pay to the City the cost of the required saddle or tee fitting materials.
C. 
All costs and expenses incident to the installation, connection, and maintenance of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
D. 
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except where one (1) building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard, or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one (1) building sewer.
E. 
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Director, to meet all requirements of this Article. Where old building sewers are to be abandoned and not used, the service line to be abandoned shall be plugged at the main or the right-of-way line as directed by the Director.
F. 
The size, slope, alignment, materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing, and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of this Article and any Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City. Section 710.070 specifies minimum requirements for service lines. In the absence of code provisions or in amplification thereof, the materials and procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the ASTM and WPCF Manual of Practice No. 9 shall apply.
G. 
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer.
H. 
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
I. 
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of this Article and of any Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City or the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the ASTM and the WPCF Manual of Practice No. 9. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the Director before installation.
J. 
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Director when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Director or his/her representative.
K. 
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City.
[R.O. 1997 §710.070; CC 1989 §15.75.1; Ord. No. 1028 §1, 1-23-1989]
A. 
The building sewer shall be constructed of pipe and fittings meeting the current ASTM specifications as listed in Subsection (I) of this Section. If the building sewer is installed in filled or unstable ground, the building sewer shall be of cast-iron soil pipe.
B. 
All joints and connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Connections between pipes of different materials shall be made by adapters specifically designed for that purpose and shall provide a gastight and watertight connection.
1. 
Before joining the pipe in the trench, the bell and spigot surfaces shall be wiped free of dirt or other foreign matter. A lubricant or sealer as recommended by the pipe manufacturer shall be applied to the bell and spigot mating surfaces just before they are jointed together.
2. 
The spigot end shall be positioned into the bell end of the pipe previously laid and shall then be shoved home to compress the joint and to ensure a tight fit between the interfaces.
3. 
Solvent welds shall be made using materials specifically designed for the pipe used. All-purpose glues shall not be used.
C. 
The size and minimum slope of the building sewer shall be as provided in this Subsection, subject to the review and approval of the Director, but in no event shall the pipe inside diameter be less than four (4) inches. The following table shall be used to determine the building sewer line size requirements:
Inside Diameter
(inches)
Maximum Discharge Flow Rate
(gallons per minute)
Minimum Grade
4
35
1.0%
6
90
0.6%
8
150
0.4%
D. 
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost with a minimum of twenty-four (24) inches, including under ditches. All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open-trench work unless otherwise approved by the Director. Pipe laying and backfill shall be performed in accordance with ASTM Specification D2321 for plastic and ASTM C12 for vitrified clay pipe, except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected by the Director or his/her representative. Cast-iron soil pipe shall be installed in accordance with the requirements for vitrified clay pipe. Installation and backfill shall be in accordance with this Subsection and Subsection (J) of this Section.
E. 
The building sewer line shall be placed on bedding material with a minimum thickness of three (3) inches. The bedding material shall be used to provide a uniform bearing area for the pipe and joints. Bedding material consists of crushed stone ranging in size from a maximum one-half (1/2) inch in diameter to a minimum size which is retained on a No. 4 sieve. Over excavation of the trench shall be backfilled to the proper grade by the use of bedding materials. The initial backfill to a point six (6) inches over the top of the pipe shall be crushed rock bedding material. Where the line crosses streets, the entire backfill shall be with crushed rock bedding material.
F. 
In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drains shall be lifted by approved pumping means and discharged to the building sewer. No water-operated sewage ejector shall be used. The building sewer owner shall be responsible for proper operation and maintenance of the lift equipment.
G. 
The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall be made at the "T" or "Y" branch designated for that property, if such branch is available at a suitable location. Any connection not made at the designated "T" or "Y" branch in the main sewer shall be made only as directed by the Director using a tapping tool, saddle-type "T" or "Y" with epoxy or solvent cement used to fix the fitting to the pipe.
H. 
Outside the foundation, the building sewer line shall have a cleanout installed complete with a watertight plug installed at the ground surface. An additional cleanout shall be placed at each bend in direction of forty-five degrees (45°) or greater. The alignment of the building sewer line shall be straight with bends made using fittings designed for the degree of bend required. Cleanout spacing in straight runs shall not exceed ninety (90) feet in length. Connections between dissimilar pipe materials shall be made using a flexible watertight coupling manufactured for that purpose.
I. 
The building sewer pipe and fittings shall conform to the following specifications for materials and installation:
1. 
Pipe And Fittings.
a. 
Extra-strength vitrified clay pipe shall be manufactured in accordance with ASTM C700 with joints conforming to ASTM C425 for compression joints.
b. 
Solid-wall PVC (Sch. 40) shall be manufactured in accordance with ASTM D-1784 and ASTM D-1785. Joints shall be solvent weld or compression elastomeric seal.
c. 
Cast-iron soil pipe shall be manufactured in accordance with ASTM A74. Joints shall be compression rubber gasket conforming to ASTM C564.
2. 
Pipe Coupling. Pipe coupling shall be manufactured using elastomeric PVC with stainless steel bands and screws for joint makeup. Coupling shall be designed for the specific type and size of pipe to be joined. The PVC shall be designed for use in sewers, including ultraviolet sunscreen, fungicide preventative and resistant to caustic chemicals. In unusable soil conditions, a stainless steel shear ring should be used. Couplings shall be equal to FERNCO.
3. 
Clay Pipe Bell Adapter. Where a dissimilar pipe material is to be used to connect to the City-installed clay pipe bell, an elastomeric PVC adapter or donut shall be used to obtain a watertight joint. The donut shall be designed to provide a compression seal between the clay bell and the pipe material to be used.
J. 
The building sewer pipe and fittings shall be installed in accordance with the following details:
1. 
Trenching.
710 Trenching.tif
2. 
Backfill.
a. 
Clay or cast-iron pipe.
710 Backfill Clay or Cast-Iron Pipe.tif
b. 
Schedule 40 PVC pipe.
710 Backfill Sched 40 PVC Pipe.tif
c. 
Cleanout.
710 Cleanout.tif
[R.O. 1997 §710.080; CC 1989 §15-76; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §1, 9-12-1994]
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, including interior and exterior foundation drains, uncontaminated cooling water, or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
[R.O. 1997 §710.090; CC 1989 §15-77; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §2, 9-12-1994]
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined or storm sewers, or to a natural outlet approved by the Director. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, on approval of the Director, to a storm sewer, combined sewer, or natural outlet.
[R.O. 1997 §710.100; CC 1989 §15-78; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §3, 9-12-1994]
A. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
1. 
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid, or gas.
2. 
Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids, or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance, or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant, including but not limited to cyanides in excess of two (2) mg/l as CN in the wastes as discharged to the public sewer.
3. 
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5, or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, and personnel of the sewage works.
4. 
Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works, such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, and milk containers, either whole or ground by garbage grinders.
5. 
Any waters or wastes having a five-day BOD greater than three hundred (300) parts per million by weight; containing more than three hundred fifty (350) parts per million by weight of suspended solids; or having an average daily flow greater than two percent (2%) of the average sewage flow of the City; shall be subject to the review of the Director.
6. 
Where necessary in the opinion of the Director, the owner shall provide, at his/her expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:
a. 
Reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to three hundred (300) parts per million by weight;
b. 
Reduce the suspended solids to three hundred fifty (350) parts per million by weight; or
c. 
Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes.
B. 
Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Director, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until such approvals are obtained in writing.
[R.O. 1997 §710.110; CC 1989 §15-79; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §4, 9-12-1994]
A. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters, or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the Director that such wastes can harm the sewers, sewage treatment process, or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance. In forming his/her opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the Director shall give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:
1. 
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than one hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit (150° F.) [sixty-five degrees Celsius (65° C.)].
2. 
Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease, or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of one hundred (100) mg/l or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between thirty-two (32° F.) and one hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit (150° F.) [zero degrees Celsius (0° C.) and sixty-five degrees Celsius (65° C.)].
3. 
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of three-quarter (3/4) horsepower [seventy-six hundredths (0.76) horsepower metric] or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Director.
4. 
Any waters or wastes containing strong acid iron pickling wastes, or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
5. 
Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc, lead, nickel, silver, cadmium, cyanide, phosphorus, and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the Director for such materials.
6. 
Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor-producing substances, in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the Director as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the State, Federal, or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.
7. 
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the Director in compliance with applicable State or Federal regulations.
8. 
Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
9. 
Materials which exert or cause:
a. 
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids (such as, but not limited to, Fuller's earth, lime slurries, and lime residues) or of dissolved solids (such as, but not limited to, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate);
b. 
Excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions);
c. 
Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand, or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works;
d. 
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs as defined in this Article.
10. 
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed, or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
[R.O. 1997 §710.120; CC 1989 §15-80; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §5, 9-12-1994]
A. 
If any waters or wastes are discharged, or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Section 710.100, and which in the judgment of the Director may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment, or receiving waters, or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Director may:
1. 
Reject the wastes;
2. 
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
3. 
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
4. 
Require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating the wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges under the provisions of Section 710.180.
B. 
If the Director permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Director, and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances, and laws.
[R.O. 1997 §710.130; CC 1989 §15-81; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §6, 9-12-1994]
Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided when in the opinion of the Director they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Director, and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
[R.O. 1997 §710.135; Ord. No. 1369 §1, 6-17-2002]
A. 
All new and existing food service establishments, including, but not limited to, restaurants, schools, nursing homes, hospitals and churches, if not otherwise exempted by the Code Enforcement Officer, shall install an approved one-thousand–gallon grease/food interceptor to collect any petroleum, fats, oils, greases or food waste before they enter the City of Cassville's wastewater collection system.
B. 
Plans submitted for a food service establishment shall include details for the installation and the venting of the interceptor. Kitchen equipment and all waste drains shall be shown on the plan. Venting is not required for the outside interceptor. The inside interceptor vent shall be at least one-half (1/2) of the diameter of waste pipe.
C. 
Developers of strip malls that anticipate food service establishments as tenants shall install a one-thousand-gallon minimum size outside grease interceptor per each food service establishment.
D. 
Within one (1) year of passage of this Section, all existing food service establishments shall install a minimum one-thousand-gallon outside grease interceptor, which shall be connected to all grease-contributing equipment, but not to restrooms. Connection of restrooms to the interceptor must be approved by the Code Enforcement Officer.
1. 
Exception: If there is no property available to install an outside interceptor or the cost of installation would do irreversible harm to the establishment, then with approval of the Code Enforcement Officer, a minimum fifty-gallon inside interceptor shall be installed to include a mop sink and a three-compartment sink. In addition, the food establishment must commit to a voluntary food-disposal-reduction program to reduce use of the facility garbage disposal.
E. 
The size of interceptors varies, but the above is a minimum. The Code Enforcement Officer may deem a larger size necessary.
F. 
Any food service establishment which is non-grease-producing shall contact the Code Enforcement Officer about the omission of an interceptor. A food-disposal-reduction program may be required at these establishments if garbage disposal is frequently used.
G. 
Each food service establishment shall keep current records of the dates the interceptors are cleaned/pumped and submit copies of these records to the Code Enforcement Officer.
H. 
Grease/food interceptors shall be inspected by the Code Enforcement Officer or Public Works Department upon installation and before being covered. The interceptor shall be equipped with baffles on the inlet and outlet in addition to internal baffling.
I. 
The interceptor shall be routinely inspected by the owner or their representative to determine if cleaning/pumping is necessary. Code Enforcement Officer or Public Works Department shall be permitted to inspect the interceptor when necessary to assure the cleaning/pumping frequency is adequate. The owner will comply with any notification by the Code Enforcement Officer or Public Works Department of the need for cleaning/pumping the interceptor. Failure to comply will result in the suspension of sanitary sewer service.
J. 
Violation of this Section requiring the service of the Public Works Department will result in the food service establishment being billed at the rate of two hundred dollars ($200.00) per hour for the work. There will be a minimum charge of two hundred dollars ($200.00).
[R.O. 1997 §710.140; CC 1989 §15-82; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §7, 9-12-1994]
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his/her expense.
[R.O. 1997 §710.150; CC 1989 §15-83; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §8, 9-12-1994]
When required by the Director, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer as are necessary to facilitate observation, sampling, and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Director. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his/her expense and shall be maintained by him/her so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
[R.O. 1997 §710.160; CC 1989 §15-84; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §9, 9-12-1994]
All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of water and waste to which reference is made in this Article shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater," published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided, or upon suitable samples taken at such control manhole. If no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb, and property. (The particular analyses involved will determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls, whereas pHs are determined from periodic grab samples.)
[R.O. 1997 §710.170; CC 1989 §15-85; Ord. No. 1159 Art. V §10, 9-12-1994]
No statement contained in Sections 710.080 through 710.170 shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the City and any industrial concern whereby any industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the City for treatment, subject to any payment therefor by the industrial concern.
[R.O. 1997 §710.180; CC 1989 §15-86; Ord. No. 1159 Art. VI §1, 9-12-1994]
No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance, or equipment which is a part of the sewage works. Any person violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under charge of disorderly conduct.
[R.O. 1997 §710.190; CC 1989 §15-87; Ord. No. 1159 Art. VII §§1 — 3, 9-12-1994]
A. 
The Director and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this Article. The Director or his/her representatives shall have no authority to inquire into any processes including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper, or other industries beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment.
B. 
While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in Subsection (A), the Director or duly authorized employees of the City shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company. The company shall be held harmless for injury or death to the City employees, and the City shall indemnify the company against loss or damage to its property by City employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required in Section 710.160.
C. 
The Director and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair, and maintenance of any portion of the sewage works lying within such easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on such easement, shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.
[R.O. 1997 §710.200; Ord. No. 1547 Art. I, 12-17-2007]
It is determined and declared to be necessary and conducive to the protection of the public health, safety, welfare and convenience of the City to collect charges from all users who contribute wastewater to the City's treatment works. The proceeds of such charges so derived will be used for the purpose of operating, maintaining and retiring the debt for such public wastewater treatment works.
[R.O. 1997 §710.210; Ord. No. 1547 Art. II, 12-17-2007]
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this Article shall be as follows:
BOD (denoting "BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND")
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty degrees Celsius (20° C.), expressed in milligrams per liter (mg/l).
MAY
Is permissive.
NORMAL DOMESTIC WASTEWATER
Wastewater that has a BOD concentration of not more than four hundred sixteen (416) mg/l, a suspended solids concentration of not more than four hundred twenty-seven (427) mg/l and a phosphorous concentration of not more than eleven (11) mg/l.
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
All expenditures during the useful life of the treatment works for materials, labor, utilities and other items which are necessary for managing and maintaining the sewage works to achieve the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed.
REPLACEMENT
Expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed. The term "operation and maintenance" includes replacement.
RESIDENTIAL CONTRIBUTOR
Any contributor to the City's treatment works whose lot, parcel of real estate or building is used for domestic dwelling purposes only.
SHALL
Is mandatory.
SS (denoting "SUSPENDED SOLIDS")
The solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
TREATMENT WORKS
Any devices and systems for the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage, domestic sewage or liquid industrial wastes. These include interceptor sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, individual systems, pumping, power and other equipment and their appurtenances; extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled supply, such as standby treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including site acquisition of land, that will be an integral part of the treatment process or is used for ultimate disposal of residues resulting from such treatment (including land for composting sludge, temporary storage of such compost, and land used for storage of treated wastewater in land treatment systems before land application); or any other method or system for preventing, abating, reducing, storing, treating, separating or disposing of municipal waste or industrial waste, including waste in combined stormwater and sanitary sewer systems.
USEFUL LIFE
The estimated period during which the treatment works will be operated.
USER CHARGE
That portion of the total wastewater service charge which is levied in a proportional and adequate manner for the cost of operation, maintenance and replacement of the wastewater treatment works.
WATER METER
A water volume measuring and recording device, furnished and/or installed by the City of Cassville or furnished and/or installed by a public water supply district or user and approved by the City of Cassville.
[Ord. No. 1804, 1-14-2019]
[R.O. 1997 §710.220; Ord. No. 1547 Art. III, 12-17-2007]
A. 
The user charge system shall generate adequate annual revenues to pay the costs of annual operation and maintenance, including replacement and cost associated with debt retirement of bonded capital associated with financing the treatment works, which the City may by ordinance designate to be paid by the user charge system. That portion of the total user charge which is designated for operation and maintenance, including replacement of the treatment works, shall be established by this Article.
B. 
That portion of the total user charge collected, which is designated for the operation and maintenance including replacement purposes as established in Section 710.240, shall be deposited in a separate non-lapsing fund known as the "Operation, Maintenance and Replacement Fund," and will be kept in two (2) primary accounts as follows:
1. 
The Operation and Maintenance Account shall be an account designated for the specific purpose of defraying operation and maintenance costs (excluding replacement) of the treatment works. Deposits in the Operation and Maintenance Account shall be made at least annually from the operation and maintenance revenue in the amount of eight hundred fourteen thousand dollars ($814,000.00) annually.
2. 
The Replacement Account shall be an account designated for the purpose of ensuring replacement needs over the useful life of the treatment works. Deposits in the Replacement Account shall be made monthly from the replacement revenue in the amount of one hundred forty-four thousand five hundred dollars ($144,500.00) annually. (See Appendix B, which is on file in the City offices.)
C. 
Fiscal year-end balances in the Operation and Maintenance Account and the Replacement Account shall be carried over to the same accounts in each subsequent fiscal year and shall be used for no other purposes than those designated for these accounts. Monies which have been transferred from other sources to meet temporary shortages in the Operation, Maintenance and Replacement Fund shall be returned to their respective accounts upon appropriate adjustment of the user charge rates for operation, maintenance and replacement. The user charge rate(s) shall be adjusted such that the transferred monies will be returned to their respective accounts within the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the movies were borrowed.
[R.O. 1997 §710.230; Ord. No. 1547 Art. IV, 12-17-2007; Ord. No. 1685 §§1 — 3, 12-19-2011; Ord. No. 1700 §3, 12-10-2012; Ord. No. 1718 §3, 12-30-2013; Ord. No. 1738 §3, 1-12-2015]
A. 
Each user shall pay for wastewater services provided by the City based on their use of the treatment works as determined by water meter(s) acceptable to the City or as reported by a public water supply district serving potable water to that structure. In addition to any fees or charges established pursuant to this Chapter, wastewater users served by a public water supply district shall be liable for any fees or charges assessed by the district against the City for discontinuing water service on the City's behalf for non-payment of sewer services.
[Ord. No. 1804, 1-14-2019]
B. 
For residential, industrial and commercial contributors, user charges shall be based on water used during the current month. If a commercial or industrial contributor has a consumptive use of water or in some other manner uses water which is not returned to the wastewater collection system, the user charge for that contributor may be based on wastewater meter(s) or separate water meter(s) installed and maintained at the contributor's expense and in a manner acceptable to the City.
C. 
Residential Rates. The minimum charge per month shall be ten dollars forty-six cents ($10.46). In addition, each contributor shall pay a user charge for the operation and maintenance including replacement of eight dollars twenty-seven cents ($8.27) per one thousand (1,000) gallons of water (or wastewater) as determined in the preceding Section.
[Ord. No. 1754 §3, 3-14-2016; Ord. No. 1761 § 3, 11-14-2016; Ord. No. 1778, 11-13-2017; Ord. No. 1800, 10-8-2018; Ord. No. 1819, 11-18-2019]
D. 
Commercial Rates. The minimum charge per month shall be ten dollars forty-six cents ($10.46). In addition, each contributor shall pay a charge for the operation and maintenance including replacement of eight dollars twenty-seven cents ($8.27) per one thousand (1,000) gallons of water (or wastewater) as determined in the preceding Section.
[Ord. No. 1754 §3, 3-14-2016; Ord. No. 1761 § 3, 11-14-2016; Ord. No. 1778, 11-13-2017; Ord. No. 1800, 10-8-2018; Ord. No. 1819, 11-18-2019]
E. 
(Reference is made to Appendix A of this Article, which is on file in the City offices.) For those contributors which contribute wastewater, the strength of which is greater than normal domestic sewage, a surcharge in addition to the normal user charge will be collected. The surcharge for operation and maintenance including replacement is:
$0.21 per pound of BOD
$0.21 per pound of SS
$6.22 per pound phosphorous
F. 
Any user which discharges any toxic pollutants which cause an increase in the cost of managing the effluent or the sludge from the City's treatment works, or any user which discharges any substance which singly or by interaction with other substances causes identifiable increases in the cost of operation, maintenance or replacement of the treatment works, shall pay for such increased costs. The charge to each user shall be as determined by the responsible plant operating personnel and approved by the Board of Aldermen.
G. 
The user charge rates established in this Article apply to all users of the City's treatment works, regardless of the user's location.
[R.O. 1997 §710.240; Ord. No. 1547 Art. V, 12-17-2007; Ord. No. 1676 §1, 8-15-2011; Ord. No. 1804, 1-14-2019]
A certain document, a copy of which is on file in the office of the City Clerk of the City of Cassville, being marked and designated as "the Utility Billing Policy," be and is hereby adopted.
[R.O. 1997 §710.250; Ord. No. 1547 Art. VI, 12-17-2007]
A. 
The City shall review the user charge system annually and revise user charge rates as necessary to ensure that the system generates adequate revenues to pay the costs of operation and maintenance, including replacement, and that the system continues to provide for the proportional distribution of operation and maintenance including replacement costs among users and user classes.
B. 
The City will notify each user at least annually, in conjunction with a regular bill, of the rate being charged for operation and maintenance including replacement of the treatment works.
[R.O. 1997 §710.270; CC 1989 §15-108; Ord. No. 954 §§1 — 3, 11-8-1983]
A. 
There are certain persons residing in the City who have water service to their residences in the City, but due to prohibitive costs of service, the City is unable to make available to them sewerage.
B. 
These residents for which the City is unable to provide sewerage service shall not be required to pay sewerage charges.
C. 
This exemption shall only apply to those residences inside the corporate limits of the City which have been determined by the Public Works Director as being either economically or technically unfeasible for sewerage service.
[Ord. No. 1804, 1-14-2019]
The requirements of the Code of Ordinances notwithstanding, the City may provide sanitary sewer service within the boundaries of a public water supply district when a formal agreement has been reached with said district to provide monthly domestic water consumption data to be used for sewer billing purposes. The agreement should include other such terms and conditions as the Board of Aldermen may deem necessary.