Adams County, WI
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of Adams County 3-15-2016 by Ord. No. 05-2016. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Stormwater runoff — See Ch. 313.
Building numbers — See Ch. 317.
Floodplain zoning — See Ch. 370.
Land division — See Ch. 382.
Planning and zoning permits — See Ch. 391.
Shoreland, wetland and habitat protection — See Ch. 396.
Zoning — See Ch. 405.

§ 166-1 Authority.

This code is adopted under the authority granted by §§ 59.70 and 101.60 through 101.965, Wis. Stats.; Chs. SPS 316 and 320 through 325, Wis. Adm. Code (Uniform Dwelling Code), which, with all amendments thereto, are hereby incorporated in this code by reference; and the following commercial building codes, Chs. SPS 361 through 366, Wis. Adm. Code, which, with all amendments thereto, are hereby incorporated in this code by reference.

§ 166-2 Title.

This code shall be known as the "Adams County Building Construction Ordinance" and referred to herein as "this code."

§ 166-3 Purpose.

This code provides certain minimum standards, provisions and requirements for safe and stable design, methods of construction and uses of materials in buildings and/or structures hereafter erected, constructed, enlarged, altered, repaired, moved, converted to other uses or demolished, and regulates the equipment, maintenance, use and occupancy of all such buildings and/or structures, its purpose being to protect and foster the health, safety and well-being of persons occupying or using such buildings and that of the general public.

§ 166-4 Intent.

The intent of this code is to enforce minimum standards for fire safety, structural strength, energy conservation, erosion control, heating, plumbing and electrical systems and general health and safety in new dwellings and accessory buildings.

§ 166-5 Scope.

A. 
The provisions of this code shall govern the construction, alteration, occupancy, demolition and moving of all buildings and structures within Adams County. The provisions of this code supplement the laws of the State of Wisconsin pertaining to construction and use of buildings and structures. Every new building hereafter erected in and every building hereafter moved within or into Adams County shall conform to all the requirements of this code, except as they are herein specifically exempted from part or all of its provisions. Any alteration, enlargement or demolition of an existing building and any installation in an existing building of electrical, gas, heating, plumbing or ventilating equipment shall conform to the requirements of this code. The conversion of any building to residential, commercial or industrial use, when said building was not immediately before so used, shall be subject to the requirements of this code in the same manner as if it were a new building.
B. 
The County Building Inspector shall provide inspection services for only those towns in which the County issues building permits.

§ 166-6 Severability.

A. 
This code and the various parts, sections, subsections, and clauses are declared to be severable. If any part, section, subsection, clause, provision, or portion of this code is adjudged unconstitutional or invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remainder of this code shall not be affected.
B. 
If any application of this code to a particular structure, land, or water is adjudged unconstitutional or invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such judgment shall not be applicable to any other structure, land, or water not specifically included in the judgment.

§ 166-7 Abrogation and greater restrictions.

It is not intended by this code to repeal, abrogate, annul, impair, or interfere with any easements or permits previously adopted or issued pursuant to law. However, where this code imposes greater restrictions, the provisions of this code shall govern.

§ 166-8 Interpretation.

In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this code shall be held to be minimum requirements adopted to promote the health, safety, morals, comfort, prosperity and general welfare of the people of Adams County. These provisions shall be liberally construed in favor of the County and shall not be deemed a limitation or repeal of any other power granted by the Wisconsin Statutes.

§ 166-9 Building Inspector.

A. 
Appointment and general powers.
(1) 
The County Board shall appoint a Building Inspector, who shall have the power and duty to enforce the provisions of this code and of all other ordinances, laws and orders of the State of Wisconsin which relate to building construction and plumbing and electrical installations. The Building Inspector shall be removable by a two-thirds vote of the County Board for cause upon written charges and after public hearing.
(2) 
The County Building Inspector shall provide inspection services for only those towns in which the County issues building permits.
B. 
Right of entry. In the discharge of his duties, the Building Inspector shall have the right to enter the buildings and premises at all reasonable times. Any person interfering with said Inspector while in performance of the duties prescribed in this code shall be fined as hereinafter provided.
C. 
Power of modification. The Building Inspector shall have the power to pass upon any questions arising under the provisions of this code relating to buildings not covered by the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code when practical difficulties occur in carrying out structural or mechanical provisions of the County Building Code or such provision upon application of the owner or his representative, provided that the spirit and intent of this code shall be observed and public welfare and safety be assured. The application for modification and the final decision of the Building Inspector shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded with the permanent application for the permit in the permanent records of the Building Inspector's office.
D. 
Appeal. Any person feeling himself aggrieved by any order or ruling of the Building Inspector, not covered by the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code, may appeal from such ruling within 20 days after written notice of such ruling shall have been delivered to him. Such appeal is to be in writing, setting forth the order appealed from, and the respects in which said person feeling himself aggrieved claims that said order or ruling is erroneous or illegal. Said notice of appeal shall be filed with the County Planning and Zoning Administrator, who shall notify the Board of Adjustment of such appeal, and the appeal shall be heard by the Board of Adjustment. The Board of Adjustment, after consideration thereof, shall affirm, reverse or modify said ruling in the manner which the Board deems just in the circumstances. The ruling or order of the Inspector shall be enforced until changed by said Board of Adjustment.

§ 166-10 Building permits and inspection.

A. 
Permit required. No building of any kind shall be moved within or into Adams County and no new building or structure or any part thereof, as defined in § 166-5, except as exempted in § 166-24, shall hereafter be erected, or ground broken for the same, or enlarged, altered, demolished or used within Adams County except as herein provided, until a permit therefor shall first have been obtained by the owner or his authorized agent.
B. 
Application. Application for a building permit shall be made in writing upon a form furnished by the Building Inspector and shall state the name and address of the owner of the land, and also of the owner of the building if different, the legal description of the land upon which the building is to be located, the name and address of the designer, the use to which said building is to be put, and shall contain such other information as the Building Inspector may require.
C. 
Plans. With such application there shall be submitted a complete set of plans and specifications, which shall include the following:
(1) 
A site map drawn to scale, adequately dimensioned, clearly showing the exact location of all structures existing or to be constructed. Front, side and rear yards shall be clearly indicated.
(2) 
Building plans including floor plans of all habitable floors and the basement or foundation plan clearly indicating sizes and spacing of all supporting members, sizes of rooms, glass areas, door openings and stair runs and a sectional drawing clearly indicating sizes of footings, thickness of basement walls and all floor slabs, wall construction, sizes and spacing of framing members, ceiling heights and parapet heights and braced wall detail.
(3) 
Material and equipment specifications describing the quality, kind, and grade of material and equipment, if deemed necessary by the Building Inspector. Such plans and specifications shall be submitted in duplicate; one set shall be returned after approval as hereinafter provided; the other set shall remain on file in the office of the County Building Inspector. All plans and specifications shall be signed by the person by whom they were drawn.
D. 
Waver of plans. If the Building Inspector finds that the character of the work is sufficiently described in the application, he may waive the filing of plans for alterations or repairs.
E. 
Approval of plans. If the Building Inspector determines that the building will comply in every respect with all applicable ordinances of Adams County and all applicable laws and orders of the State of Wisconsin, he shall conditionally approve and stamp one set of the plans and return it to the owner and shall issue a building permit therefor which shall state the use to which said building is to be put, which shall be kept and displayed at the site of the proposed building. After being approved, the plans and specifications shall not be altered in any respect which involves the safety of the building or the occupants, except with the written consent of the Building Inspector. In case adequate plans are presented for part of the building only, the Building Inspector may, at his discretion, issue a permit for a part of the building before receiving the plans and specifications for the entire building.
F. 
Minor repairs. Ordinary repairs to buildings may be made without application or notice to the Building Inspector, but such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or cutting of any structural beam or bearing support, or the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the exit requirements. Ordinary repairs shall not include additions to, alterations of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, water supply, sewer, drainage, drain leader, gas, soil, waste, vent, or similar piping, electric wiring or mechanical or other work affecting public health or general safety.
G. 
Fees. Fees shall be set by the County Board.
(1) 
In all cases when work is started prior to obtaining a permit, the fee shall be doubled or $200, whichever is greater.
(2) 
Cancelled and refunded permits are subject to a ten-percent surcharge.
H. 
Inspection of work. Inspections shall be conducted per § SPS 320.10, Wis. Adm. Code (Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code). After each notification, an inspection shall be made within 48 hours after receipt of such notification, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays. If the construction meets the requirements of this code at the stage of construction, the Building Inspector shall issue his written approval thereof, and the permit holder shall thereupon be authorized to proceed to the next construction stage.
I. 
Violations and revocation of permit.
(1) 
Should the Building Inspector determine that the construction is not proceeding according to plan filed or is in violation of any provision of this code of any other applicable ordinance, regulation or law, he shall so notify the permit holder, and further construction shall be stayed until correction has been effected and approved by the Building Inspector upon notice and request for reinspection duly made.
(2) 
Should the permit holder fail to comply with the requirements at any stage of construction, the Building Inspector is hereby empowered to cancel the building permit issued and shall cause notice of such cancellation to be securely posted upon said construction. Posting of such notice shall be considered sufficient notification to the permit holder of cancellation thereof. No further work shall be undertaken or permitted upon such construction until a valid building permit shall thereafter have been issued.
J. 
Permit expiration. Unless building operations are commenced within 24 months from the date of issuance, a building, electrical or plumbing permit shall expire and be void. If the permits have lapsed, to commence construction, all permits as appropriate must be reissued and the current fees and construction codes shall apply. If the permits have not lapsed, they may be extended for a twenty-four-month period upon payment in the amount of 10% of the original fee(s), and the codes in effect upon the original permit issuance date shall apply.
K. 
Records. The Building Inspector shall keep a record of all permits, fees and inspections under this code,

§ 166-11 Electrical permits and inspection.

A. 
State code applies. All electrical work, including the placing of wires and other equipment, shall conform to the National Electrical Code and the Wisconsin State Electrical Code and amendments thereto to this date, which is hereby made by reference a part of this code. A copy of such code and amendments shall be kept on file in the office of the Building Inspector.
B. 
Permit required. No electrical wiring or other equipment shall be installed or altered without first securing a permit, except that the repair or replacement of broken or defective sockets, switches, or base receptacles may be made without a permit.
C. 
Application. The application for such permit shall be on a form furnished by the Building Inspector and shall clearly state the work planned, alterations to be made, and equipment and materials to be used. All later deviations from such plan must be submitted to and approved by the Building Inspector.
D. 
Fees. Fees to be paid for electrical permits shall be set by the County Board.
(1) 
In all cases when work is started prior to obtaining a permit, the fee shall be doubled or $200, whichever is greater.
(2) 
Cancelled and refunded permits are subject to a ten-percent surcharge.
E. 
Inspection of work. After roughing in the wiring of any building and before any such work is covered up, or upon completion of any outside construction work, it shall be the duty of the person doing such work to notify the Building Inspector who shall thereupon inspect the same. Upon completion of such wiring, the Inspector shall be notified and shall inspect the finished work. If he finds that the work conforms to the State Electrical Code, he shall issue a certificate of compliance, which shall contain the date and an outline of the result of such inspection, a duplicate of which shall be filed by location in the office of the Building Inspector. It shall be unlawful to use any such electrical equipment until such certificate has been issued, except by written permission of the Building Inspector.

§ 166-12 Plumbing permits and inspection.

A. 
State code applies. The construction, reconstruction, installation and alteration of all plumbing, drainage and plumbing ventilation shall conform to Chapter 294, Article I, Private On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems, of this Code and to the Wisconsin State Plumbing Code and all amendments thereto, which is hereby made by reference a part of this code. A copy of such code shall be kept on file in the office of the Building Inspector.
B. 
Permit required. No plumbing or drainage of any kind shall be installed or altered, except that leakage or stoppage repairs may be made, without first securing a permit therefor from the Building Inspector.
C. 
Application. The application for such permit shall be on a form furnished by the Building Inspector and shall clearly state the work planned, alterations to be made, and equipment and materials to be used. All later deviations from such plan must be submitted to and approved by the Building Inspector.
D. 
Fees. Fees to be paid for plumbing permits shall be set by the County Board.
(1) 
In all cases when work is started prior to obtaining a permit, the fee shall be doubled or $200, whichever is greater.
(2) 
Cancelled and refunded permits are subject to a ten-percent surcharge.
E. 
Inspection of work. Upon completion of the plumbing work on any premises, the person doing the work shall notify the Building Inspector before such work is covered up, and the Building Inspector shall thereupon inspect the work. No person shall use or permit to be used any plumbing or drainage until it has been inspected and approved by the Building Inspector.

§ 166-13 Application of state and national codes.

A. 
The Building Code, the Electrical Code, the Plumbing Code, the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Code, and the Flammable Liquids Code of the State of Wisconsin, and the amendments thereto to this date, are hereby made a part of this code, and it shall be the duty of the Building Inspector to enforce the provisions thereof.
B. 
Any violation of said codes or amendments thereto to this date shall constitute a violation of this code, whether the unlawful building, alteration, installation, moving or construction involved is specifically covered by other provisions of this code or not, and shall render the violator liable to the penalties contained herein.

§ 166-14 Violations and penalties.

A. 
Violations. It shall be unlawful to construct or use any structure in violation of any of the provisions of this code. In case of any violation, the County Board, the Planning and Zoning Administrator, the County Planning and Zoning Committee, or any property owner who would be specifically damaged by such violation may institute appropriate action or proceeding to enjoin the violation of this code.
B. 
Penalties. Any person, firm, or corporation who or which fails to comply with the provisions of this code shall, upon conviction thereof, forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $500 and costs of prosecution for each violation and, in default of payment of such forfeiture and costs, shall be imprisoned in the county jail until payment thereof, but not exceeding 30 days. Each day a violation exists or continues shall constitute a separate offense. In any such action, the fact that a permit was issued shall not constitute a defense, nor shall any error, oversight, or dereliction of duty on the part of the Building Inspector constitute a defense.

§ 166-15 Nonassumption of liability.

This code shall not be construed as assuming any liability on the part of the County or any official or employee thereof for damages to anyone injured or for any property destroyed by any defect in any building or equipment, or in any plumbing or electric wiring or equipment.

§ 166-16 Additions or alterations to existing dwellings.

Any additions or alterations to existing dwellings shall comply with the construction and mechanical provisions of the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code.

§ 166-17 Multifamily dwellings.

Residences occupied by three or more families living independently or occupied by two such families and used also for business purposes shall comply with applicable provisions of Chs. SPS 361 to 366, Wis. Adm. Code, as applicable.

§ 166-18 Repairs and maintenance.

Repairs or maintenance to existing dwelling or multiple-dwelling units, or to electrical, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and other systems installed therein, shall comply with the provisions of the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code and/or commercial codes, Chs. SPS 361 to 366, Wis. Adm. Code, as applicable.

§ 166-19 Moving of building.

A. 
Financial security and compliance requirements.
(1) 
Dwelling building. Before any dwelling building is moved within or into any municipality under the jurisdiction of this code, a zoning permit must first be obtained from the Building Inspector. Before a permit to move any dwelling building is granted by the Building Inspector, the party applying shall provide an inspection report from a Wisconsin licensed engineer or architect concluding that the structure meets the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code standards and is otherwise habitable, as applicable, and the requirements of this code. The party applying therefor shall also provide a bond or a standby letter of credit in the sum of $25,000. (Note: Bond and letter of credit requirements do not apply when moving a dwelling building to another location on the same lot or when placing a new dwelling structure such as a manufactured home or manufactured dwelling.)
(2) 
Nondwelling building. Before any nondwelling building is moved within or into any municipality under the jurisdiction of this code, a zoning permit must first be obtained from the Building Inspector. The party applying therefor shall also provide a bond or a standby letter of credit in the sum of $25,000. (Note: Nondwelling buildings 150 square feet or less do not require a bond or letter of credit. Bond and letter of credit requirements do not apply when moving a nondwelling building to another location on the same lot.)
(3) 
All buildings. The party applying shall provide an affidavit including the condition that said party will save and indemnify any judgments, costs and expenses which can in any way accrue against Adams County or the respective municipality and will save the County and respective municipality harmless against all liabilities, judgments, costs, and expenses in consequence of the granting of such permit. Every permit to move a building shall state all conditions to be complied with and designate the route to be taken and the time limit for removal.
B. 
Denial. The Building Inspector shall have the power to deny a permit to move a building which he finds does not conform to this code.
C. 
Transport regulations. The transport of a building shall be continuous during all hours of the day, and day by day, and at night if the Building Inspector shall so order, until completed, with the least possible obstruction to thoroughfares. No building shall be allowed to remain overnight upon any street crossing or intersection or so near to any fire hydrant as to prevent easy access thereto. Lighted lanterns shall be kept in conspicuous places at each end of the building during the night. The proper authority shall be consulted regarding the moving of all wires, poles, etc., and the trimming or cutting of all trees; all costs incurred by the above alterations shall be paid by the party requesting the permit, and the permission in writing of the proper authority together with a statement of the cost paid for such alterations shall be required before the issuance of the permit.
D. 
Inspection and repair of streets and highways. Every person receiving a permit to move a building shall, within one day after said building has reached its destination, report that fact to the Building Inspector. The Building Inspector shall thereupon inspect the streets and highways over which said building has been moved and ascertain their condition. If the removal of said building has caused any damage to the streets and highways, the building mover shall forthwith place them in as good repair as they were before the permit was granted. Upon failure of the building mover to do so within 10 days thereafter to the satisfaction of the Building Inspector, the County Board shall provide for repair of the damage done to such streets and highways and hold the sureties of the bond given by the building mover responsible for the payment of the same.
E. 
Permit fees. Before the Building Inspector shall issue a permit to move a building, the Inspector shall collect a fee to be set by the County Board. This fee shall be in addition to all other fees provided for in this code and any other applicable code or ordinance.

§ 166-20 Razing of building.

A. 
General. Before a building can be demolished or removed, the owner or agent shall notify all utilities having service connections within the building, such as water, electric, gas, sewer and any other constructions. A permit to demolish or remove a building shall not be issued until it is ascertained that service connections and appurtenant equipment, such as meters and regulators, have been removed or sealed and plugged in a safe manner.
B. 
Excavations. Excavations shall be filled with solid fill to match lot grade within 15 days of removal of the structure.
C. 
Permit fees. Before the Building Inspector shall issue a permit to demolish or remove a building, he shall collect a fee to be set by the County Board.

§ 166-21 Accessory buildings.

A. 
As provided in the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code, accessory buildings shall comply with the same construction provisions as required for a dwelling regarding roof load and wind load. (Note: Accessory buildings shall not be used for permanent or temporary human habitation or for sleeping areas. Accessory buildings may not contain dwelling components, including but not limited to kitchens and bedrooms. Accessory buildings may contain a bathroom group.)
B. 
Exception. Accessory buildings less than 150 square feet as measured by the outside perimeter are not required to comply with this code. The maximum overhang allowed on the roof is one foot measured horizontally.

§ 166-22 Detached garages.

A. 
Construction requirements. As provided in the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code, accessory buildings shall comply with the same construction provisions as required for a dwelling regarding roof load and wind load.
(1) 
Doors. All detached garages shall have an openable garage door of not less than eight feet wide by seven feet high, in addition to one service door of not less than two feet six inches wide by six feet four inches high.
(2) 
Location. Unless otherwise regulated under applicable zoning, detached garages of wood frame construction shall be located not less than 10 feet from any residence building, except that such distance may be reduced to not less than five feet when the interior walls of such garage adjacent to a residence building are protected with not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction.
(3) 
Floor surface. The floor in all private garages shall be of approved construction. No openings or pits in the floor shall be permitted, except for drainage.

§ 166-23 Manufactured homes.

Manufactured homes must be placed on piers which conform to § SPS 321.40, Wis. Adm. Code (Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code), or a foundation designed and certified by a licensed Wisconsin engineer.

§ 166-24 Exemptions.

A. 
Exempt structures. The following structures do not require a building permit: (Note: Other permits and inspections may be required as applicable.)
(1) 
Farm buildings. Nondwelling buildings used exclusively for farm operations, including barns, silos, sheds and similar structures.
(2) 
Indian reservations. Dwellings located on Indian reservation land held in trust by the United States.
(3) 
Historical buildings. Historical buildings designated as such by the federal, state, or County government.
(4) 
State and federal buildings. State and federal buildings designated as such by the federal, state, or County government.
(5) 
Temporary buildings. Temporary buildings used exclusively for construction purposes, not exceeding one story in height, not used for living quarters and not to exceed one year in duration.

§ 166-25 Definitions and word usage.

For the purposes of this code, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings assigned to them in this section. Words and phrases not herein otherwise defined shall have the meanings accepted by common usage. "Shall" as used herein is mandatory; the same applies to the term "must."
ACCESSORY BUILDING
A part of a principal building or a supplemental building located on the same lot with a principal building and generally used for storage, private garage, or other use customarily incident to a residence use.
ADDITION
Any new construction whereby an existing building or structure, or building or structure in course of construction, is increased in area or cubical content.
ADJOINING LOT LINE
The line between adjoining lots or plots of land, whether or not the parcels of land are in different or common ownership.
ALTERATION
Any change or modification in construction or occupancy.
AREA
As applied to dimensions, the maximum horizontal projected area of a building, structure, room, apartment or open space, not including overhangs.
BEARING
That area of any structural unit of a building or structure which is in direct contact with the supports which receive the loads from that unit.
BUILDING
Any structure built for the support, shelter or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or property of any kind, including mobile homes, modular houses, manufactured homes, prefabricated houses, or similar structures.
BUILDING INSPECTOR
The officer charged with the administration and enforcement of this code or his regularly authorized deputy.
DWELLING
A building which is designed or used or which is intended to be used as a residence or place of abode.
ESTABLISHED GRADE
The grade of the street as established by ordinance at the center line of the street.
EXISTING
A building, structure, equipment, or premises completed or in course of construction, or used or occupied, and for which a legal permit has been issued prior to the effective date of this code.
FLOOR AREA
The net area of any floor space enclosed by exterior walls, fire walls, or absolute fire separation.
FOOTINGS
That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly to the soil or the piles.
FOUNDATION
The supporting structure as a whole below the lowest floor upon which rests the superstructure of a building or structure.
GARAGE
A building or portion thereof in which a motor vehicle containing gasoline, distillate, or other volatile, flammable liquid in its tank is stored, repaired, or kept.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
A building or a portion of a building in which only motor vehicles used by the tenants of the building or buildings on the premises are stored or kept.
GRADE, BUILDING
Elevation of ground adjacent to the structure.
GRADE, LUMBER
The classification of lumber in regard to stress and grade.
HABITABLE ROOMS
Rooms used for human occupancy, for example but not confined to the following:
A. 
A habitable room in a dwelling unit intended for use primarily for sleeping purposes.
B. 
The principal habitable room in a dwelling unit designed for or appropriated to the general occupancy or use of a family or household.
LINTEL
The beam or girder placed over an opening in a wall which supports the wall construction above.
A. 
The weight of the walls, floors, partitions, roofs, and other structural parts of a building or structure.
B. 
All imposed, transient, moving loads, or loads due to impact, and including movable partitions in a building or structure other than dead loads.
LOT
A parcel of land in a single ownership occupied or to be occupied by not more than one principal or main building and the accessory buildings or uses customarily incident to it, including such open spaces as are required by this or other codes, and having its principal frontage upon a street.
LOT LINE
A line or lines dividing one lot, plot of land, or parcel of land from an adjoining lot, plot of land, or parcel of land.
MECHANICAL WORK
Any electrical, plumbing or heating, ventilating or air-conditioning work performed under this code.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING, ETC.
A lawfully existing building, premises, structure, use, materials or equipment that does not conform to the requirements of this code.
OCCUPANCY or USE
The purpose for which a building, structure, equipment, materials or premises or part thereof is used or intended to be used as regulated by this code.
PERSON
Any individual, persons, partnerships, firm, organization, association, or corporation, their agents, heirs, or assigns.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
A single main building or structure on a lot for specific use or occupancies.
REQUIRED
Mandatory by provisions of this code.
ROOM
A space within a building or structure completely enclosed with walls, partitions, floor and ceiling, except for necessary openings for light, ventilation, ingress and egress.
SQUARE FOOTAGE OF BUILDING
The actual area in square feet of the exterior perimeter of the building.
STRUCTURE
As specifically regulated by this code, anything which is constructed, erected, and framed of component parts and which is fastened, anchored, or rests on permanent foundation or on the ground for any occupancy or use whatsoever, excluding fencing.
WALLS
Shall be defined as follows:
A. 
A wall that supports any load in addition to its own weight.
B. 
Wall built of masonry units or of plain concrete, or a combination of these materials, so arranged as to provide an air space within the wall, and in which the facing and backing (inner and outer parts) of the wall are tied together with metal ties.
C. 
A nonbearing wall between columns or structure.
D. 
An outer enclosing wall of a building or structure.
E. 
A wall in which the masonry facing and backing are so bonded as to exert common action under load.
F. 
A wall that supports no load other than its own weight.
G. 
A nonbearing wall in skeleton construction, built between columns or piers and wholly supported at each story.
H. 
An interior vertical structure usually of light construction serving to enclose an area, room, space, or division, extended from floor to ceiling, and having wall surfaces of approved materials as permitted by this code.
I. 
Wall used to resist laterally imposed pressures.
J. 
Wall having masonry facing which is attached to the backing but not so bonded as to exert common action under load; also having outer facing for the purpose of providing ornamentation, protection, or insulation.