Part 1 STREET OPENINGS, EXCAVATIONS AND PAVEMENT CUTS
Part 2 SIDEWALKS AND FOOTPATHS
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
The following words, when used herein, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except in those instances where the context clearly indicates otherwise:
- Any person, as defined herein, who makes application for a permit.
- DEGRADATION FEE
- A fee charged for the excavation/opening of a road that has been constructed or resurfaced within seven years.
- Any unforeseen circumstance which calls for immediate action.
- The Township Foreman of Public Works or his designee.
- The approval issued to an applicant to perform any work covered by the terms and conditions of this Part.
- Any person who has been issued a permit and has thereby agreed to comply with all the terms and conditions of this Part.
- Includes any natural person, partnership, firm, association, corporation, municipal authority or any other governmental entity.
- Any public street, highway, road, easement, right-of-way or alley within the Township of Leet, Allegheny County, including that portion of any right-of-way which is improved with curbs and/or sidewalks.
- The Township of Leet, Allegheny County.
- TOWNSHIP ENGINEER
- The Township Engineer of the Township of Leet, Allegheny County, who shall be a Registered Professional Township Engineer in the State of Pennsylvania, or his authorized representative or inspector.
- Any and all activities of any kind or nature conducted by a permittee, his agents, servants, employees, contractors and subcontractors, which involves, to any extent, any roadway of the Township of Leet, Allegheny County.
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided for the repeal of former Part 1, Street Openings, Excavations and Pavement Cuts, adopted 8/13/1973 by Ord. 154, as amended.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
Permit Required. No person shall make any tunnel, opening or excavation of any kind in, on or under the surface of any roadway without first securing a permit from the Township for each separate undertaking. Any person maintaining pipes, lines or underground conduits in or under the surface of any roadway by virtue of any statute, ordinance or franchise may, however, proceed with an excavation or opening without a permit when emergency circumstances demand that the work be done immediately for the preservation of the public health, safety or welfare, and provided further that a permit could not reasonably and practically have been obtained beforehand. Such person performing the emergency excavation shall, thereafter, file an application for a permit, in accordance with the requirements of this Part, on the first business day of the Township, which permit shall be retroactive to the date on which the emergency work was begun. The final determination as to whether a situation is to be considered in an emergency shall be made by the Township Engineer or Foreman.
Limitation. No permittee shall perform any work beyond that originally authorized under this permit to an extent greater than 10% in excess of that specified in the permit, unless such excess work is approved, in advance, by either the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer and the Township is paid any additional fees occasioned thereby. Upon completion of any additional work which is not covered by the original permit, the permittee shall file a revised application with the Township reflecting the revised scope.
Bonds. All bonds posted in connection with issuance of the permit shall be deemed to cover all work which is covered by any permit issued pursuant to this section.
Emergency Exploratory Excavation. The provisions of this section shall not apply to emergency excavations of any exploratory nature made in order to determine the location of underground facilities; however, the person doing the work shall, on the first day on which the office of the Township is open for business following completion of the excavation, file an application for a permit in accordance with the requirements of this Part, which permit shall be retroactive to the date the excavation was begun.
Commencement of Work. The work for which a permit is issued shall be commenced within 30 days from the date of its issuance. If the work is not commenced by that date, the permit shall automatically be considered as revoked, and, thereafter, a new permit for the work will only be issued upon payment of a new permit fee and the renewal of all necessary bonds. The permittee shall notify either the Foreman or the Township Engineer, at least 24 hours in advance, as to the date and time when the work will be commenced.
Nontransferable and Nonrefundable. A permit is not transferable by the permittee to any other person, and the permit fees shall be nonrefundable.
Expiration. A permit shall terminate at the end of the period of the time specified in the permit or upon completion of the work, whichever occurs first. If the permittee is unable to complete the work within the time specified in the permit, he shall, prior to its termination, request an extension of time from either the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, in writing, the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer to be provided with the reason for the requested extension. If the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer determines that an extension is necessary, he may grant the permittee such additional time as he deems appropriate for completion of the work, subject to an extension fee as set by resolution of the Township.
Right to Use Roadway. All permits shall be issued subject to the rights of the Township and the public to use any roadway which is the subject of the permit, for all purposes for which such roadway may lawfully be used. The scope of all work performed shall be limited to the Township's public right-of-way unless the permittee has secured separate rights-of-way and/or easements in writing. Such permission shall be made available to the permittee upon request to the Township, and such permission shall not be unreasonably withheld.
A permit may be revoked by the Manager, Foreman, or Township Engineer, after written notice to the permittee, as the result of any one of the following:
A violation of any condition of the permit.
A violation of any provision of this Part or any other applicable statute, ordinance or regulation relating to the work.
The existence of any condition or the doing of any act by the permittee which constitutes or creates a nuisance or which endangers the safety or property of the public.
Written notice of the revocation shall be served upon the permittee or his agent. The notice shall contain a brief statement of the reason for the revocation, and it shall be effective if delivered either by personal delivery to the permittee, or his agent, or by mailing same to the permittee at the address on the application, by placing same in the United States Postal Service, certified mail, return receipt requested.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
In order to receive a permit, the applicant shall:
Complete and file a written application with the Township Manager and/or Secretary on the application form prescribed and furnished by the Township.
No work shall be commenced by the applicant until the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer has approved the application and the permit has been issued, other than under those exceptions set forth in § 21-102 above, which pertain to emergency work. By the filing of the application for a permit, the applicant agrees that he shall perform the work in accordance with the terms of this Part, the permit, as issued, and all applicable laws and regulations pertaining thereto and that he shall be bound, in all respects, by the terms and conditions of this Part.
If not set forth on the application form itself, the applicant shall file three copies of all plans which show the extent of the work for which the permit is being requested. Such plans shall include all appropriate dimensions and other information which may be required by the Foreman or Township Engineer.
Pay to the Township, at the time of filing of the application, such fees for the permit as set forth below, as may be amended or added from time to time by resolution of the Township:
Application fee: $250.
Inspection fees: actual cost of fees of Township Engineer or other consultant.
Present evidence, if requested by the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, that all material, labor and/or equipment necessary to accomplish the work is available to the applicant.
A copy of the permit shall, at all times while the work is in progress, be available at the site of the work, and it shall be produced, upon demand, to any authorized representative of the Township.
Agree, by the filing of his application, to save the Township, its Commissioners, Manager, officers, employees and agents harmless and to indemnify all, or any, of them from any and all claims, damages, suits, liabilities and costs which may arise, or be claimed to arise, by reason of the work, either as authorized or as actually undertaken by the permittee. The issuance of a permit, or the doing of any work provided for by this Part, shall constitute the agreement, by the person doing the work, to the provisions of this subsection, irrespective of whether same is expressed elsewhere.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
No excavation in any roadway shall extend beyond the center line of such roadway until the surface of the initial excavation is restored to a condition which shall provide safe and convenient access for pedestrian and vehicular traffic. At no time will the improved part of a roadway be completely closed to vehicular or pedestrian traffic, unless such closing is authorized, in advance and in writing, by the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer. If such closure is required, a traffic control plan shall be prepared for approval by the Township Engineer, with appropriate signage installed and maintained by the permittee to safeguard vehicular and pedestrian traffic until the roadway is reopened. Prior to any roadway closures, the permittee shall provide notice of such closures to the Township Police Department, Fire Department and to the school and Pittsburgh Port Authority if impacted by this road closure.
No more than 20 feet, measured longitudinally, of any roadway shall be opened in any roadway until such time as the previously opened surface of the roadway is restored to a safe and convenient condition for vehicular or pedestrian traffic, unless such opening is authorized, in writing, by the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer.
If the Township Engineer permits an opening larger than 50 feet, measured longitudinally, then the Township Engineer may require the permittee to overlay traffic lanes in which the openings were made of the entire length of the street that was opened, if the Township Engineer determines that the rideability or structural integrity of the pavement has been impaired by the openings.
If four or more cumulative openings are made within 100 linear feet of pavement, the Township Engineer may require the permittee to restore the entire disturbed pavement between the openings by milling or other authorized method and overlaying half the roadway (center line to curb) for patches on half the roadway or a complete overlay for patches on both sides of the roadway.
For any street that has been repaved in the past three years, the permittee shall be required to pave/restore/overlay a minimum twelve-foot width (or the entire street width if deemed appropriate by the Township Engineer) which shall run the entire length of the opening, plus 50 feet past each end of the opening, and in compliance will all other Township specifications.
No excavation shall be made, or attempted, if it shall or may interfere with any utility lines or other underground facilities, unless the permittee has first secured the permission of the owners of all such facilities.
The permittee shall locate all underground facilities, including sanitary sewers, storm sewers, gas lines, waterlines, telephone and electrical conduits and all other underground facilities, sufficiently in advance of the commencement of the work in order that damage to any such facilities be avoided, as well as to permit their relocation, if necessary. The permittee shall also comply with all the utility notification requirements of any applicable law.
If an underground facility is damaged by the permittee, such damage shall be repaired and/or restored by the permittee, as necessary, in accordance with the directions of the owner of the facility.
No monument of granite, concrete, iron, steel, brass or other lasting material shall be removed or disturbed, or caused to be removed or disturbed, without the permittee first obtaining permission, in writing, from the Foreman or Township Engineer to do so, in which case the permittee shall pay the Township for all its expenses, including surveys, necessary and incidental to all restoration or replacements of such monuments by the Township.
If a permittee shall cause any earth, sand, gravel, rock, stone or other material to be either deposited upon or caused to roll, flow or wash onto any roadway and there is thereby created a nuisance or a danger to the public health and safety, the permittee shall cause all such material to be promptly removed from the roadway. In the event any such material is not removed within eight hours after notification to the permittee by the Foreman or Township Engineer to do so, the Township may then take all steps necessary to accomplish such removal, the costs of the removal to be paid to the Township by the permittee.
The permittee shall place all such barriers, barricades, lights, warning flags, danger signs and other safety devices around the work area as are reasonably necessary to protect the health and safety of the public. All such safety requirements and precautionary measures shall be based upon and conform, as applicable, to the requirements set forth in Form 408, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation publication, latest edition. The permittee shall also comply with any traffic control plan which shall be made part of the permit. In the event the permittee fails to comply with the provision of this subsection, the Township may take the necessary steps to compel compliance; all costs incurred by Township in so doing shall be paid to it by the permittee.
At all times while the work is in progress and prior to its completion, the permittee shall maintain safe crossings for pedestrian and vehicular traffic at all roadway intersections and, in addition, safe crossings for pedestrians at intervals of not more than 300 feet. Two lanes of traffic shall, where possible, be kept open at all intersections by the installation of covering steel plates. All such steel plates shall be firmly secured and, where appropriate, imbedded in bituminous material so as to withstand the normal flow of traffic. If the size and character of the excavation makes it impractical to use steel plates, the permittee shall so advise the Foreman or Township Engineer at the time the application for the permit is filed, and the work shall not commence until the Foreman or Township Engineer consents to the omission of the steel plates.
The permittee shall maintain vehicular access to all private driveways, except during working hours when construction operations prohibit such access, the owner of any driveway which is affected to be notified of such non-access, by the permittee, prior to the commencement of the specific work. The permittee shall also ensure that there is free access, at all times, to the fire hydrants in the area covered by the scope of the work.
All excavated material shall be placed compactly along the side of the trench so as to cause as little inconvenience and danger as possible to vehicular and pedestrian traffic. When the Foreman or Township Engineer deems it necessary, in order to expedite the flow of traffic or to abate a dirt or dust nuisance, containment measures shall be taken by the permittee to prevent the spread of excavated material into traffic lanes. Temporary wooden plank walks shall be installed where pedestrian traffic in the excavated area may cause inconvenience to such pedestrians. If the roadway is not sufficiently wide to hold excavated material, the permittee may use up to 1/2 the width of the sidewalk along the sidewalk line for such material, the remainder of the sidewalk to be kept open for pedestrian traffic. No excavated material shall be permitted to enter any stormwater inlet or sanitary sewer. All excavated material placed/stored on site deemed to be a nuisance or safety concern by the Foreman or Township Engineer shall be removed daily from the site.
The Foreman or Township Engineer may, in addition to the conditions set forth herein, impose such other conditions upon the issuance of the permit as may be reasonably necessary to protect the health and safety of the public during the course of the work.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
All excavations shall be backfilled with dry, compactable material in accordance with PennDOT specifications, Form 408, latest edition, and such material shall be thoroughly compacted by proper tamping. The surface of the excavated area shall be restored to its original or equal condition, unless the permittee is authorized, by the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, to the contrary.
Existing pavement which is removed in the course of the work shall be cut back a distance of at least one foot beyond the outer limits of the subgrade that is disturbed in order to prevent settlement, the face of the remaining pavement to be vertically saw-cut. A concrete saw shall be used for all concrete pavement cuts, and asphalt paving shall be in a straight line.
An applicant shall set forth, in detail on the application, all tunneling or boring which is contemplated under a roadway.
In the event any work performed by a permittee is deemed unsatisfactory, in the opinion of the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, and if such unsatisfactory work is not corrected in accordance with the instruction of the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, or if the work is not completed within the time specified in the permit, or any extension of time thereof, the Township may proceed to correct such unsatisfactory work or complete any uncompleted work, all costs thereby incurred by the Township to be billed to and promptly paid by the permittee or through the permittee's bond; provided, further, that the Township, in addition to any other remedy that it may possess, may proceed in assumpsit against the permittee or contractor, or may proceed against the property in a proper case, to collect any costs incurred by the Township, along with attorneys' fees and court costs and interest at 6% per annum.
All backfilling, as well as all other work, shall be accomplished by the permittee with due diligence so that no roadway is obstructed to a greater extent or for a longer period of time than is actually necessary. If the work is not prosecuted with due diligence or, in the opinion of the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, it does not comply with the terms of this Part, the permit or sound Township engineering practices, the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer shall so notify the permittee; and the permittee shall then be required, within three days from his receipt of such notice, to proceed to complete the work or correct any deficiency in the work. If the permittee does not comply with the terms of this notice, the Township may then proceed against the permittee who has not complied with all the requirements of this Part relative to any prior permits issued to him, the Manager, Foreman or the Township Engineer to be the judge of such noncompliance.
The Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer shall have the right to inspect all the work and is also authorized to secure such outside inspection services as may, in his judgment, be necessary in order to ensure compliance by the permittee with the provisions of this Part and the permit.
Should settlement of a restored area of the work occur within a period of one year from the date of completion of the permanent restoration by the permittee, such settlement shall be considered conclusive evidence of defective work, and the Township may then take all action necessary to correct the condition, the cost of such corrective action to be paid by the permittee or through the maintenance bond.
The Township shall not, in any way, be responsible for any part of the work which is either omitted or improperly done by the permittee, and no officer or employee of the Township is authorized to assume any jurisdiction of or responsibility for such part of the work, except when same becomes necessary in the exercise of the police power of the Township in order to protect the public health and safety.
If, in the judgment of the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, traffic conditions or the public health, safety or convenience require that any part of the work be performed as emergency work, the Foreman shall have the authority to require that the permittee provide sufficient labor, material and facilities on a twenty-four-hour basis to complete that part of the work as soon as possible.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
The applicant shall provide a certificate of insurance to the Township, as part of its application for the permit, same to reflect that the contractor, subcontractor or any other entity who shall actually perform the work under the permit is insured against all claims for bodily injury, including death, as well as all claims for property damage, any of which may arise out if its performance of the work. This insurance shall include completed operations and underground coverages, and it shall name the Township and Township Engineer as an additional insured. The Foreman or Township Engineer may require increased limits in the insurance coverage based upon the nature and extent of the work; however, the minimum limits for bodily injury, including death, shall be $500,000 for each person and $1,000,000 for each occurrence and a minimum of $250,000 for property damage for each occurrence.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
Requirements. Each applicant shall provide the Township, prior to issuance of the permit, with a permit bond to guarantee full performance of the work authorized by the permit, the form of the bond to be substantially that supplied to the Township. The amount of the bond shall equal the cost to complete the work, as estimated by the Foreman or Township Engineer, including a maintenance bond guaranteeing the work for a period of one year from the date of its completion, but in no event shall any such bond be in an amount less than $1,000. All such bonds shall have, as collateral thereto, either a cashier's check payable to the Township or a corporate surety acceptable to the Township. The Foreman or Township Engineer may, in the event that multiple permits are to be issued to the same permittee, permit the applicant to furnish one bond which shall be in such amount and subject to such terms as the Foreman or Township Engineer deems necessary to cover all the work to be done by the applicant under all such permits.
Default. In the event the Foreman or Township Engineer determines that there has been a default in the performance of the work, he or she shall give written notice of the default to the permittee and its corporate surety, if any, on the bond. The notice shall state the action which is to be taken to correct the default, the estimated cost of correction and the time deemed reasonably necessary for its completion. If a notice of default is issued to a permittee, the Township may condition issuance of future road opening permits to such permittee upon submission of cash security or a letter of credit in place of the bond required herein and may deny issuance of a permit in a case where timely correction of a default is not undertaken.
Correction of Default. In the event that, after receipt of the notice of default, the default shall not be corrected by the permittee within five days, then, in the case of a corporate surety, the surety shall be required, within the time specified, to either cause the required corrections be made or, in the alternative, pay over to the Township a sum equal to the estimated cost determined by the Foreman or Township Engineer for the making of the corrections. Upon receipt of such funds, the Foreman or Township Engineer shall then proceed to have the work completed; however, no liability shall be incurred by the Township as a result of any such action taken by it, other than its responsibility to see to the proper expenditure of any funds so received by it.
Forfeiture of Cash Bond. Should the permittee have posted a cashier's check as collateral to the bond, the Township shall have the right, either following or in the course of its completion of the work, to use such portion of the funds represented by said check as is necessary to pay all costs and expenses incurred by it, any part of such funds remaining thereafter to be returned to the permittee.
Term. The effective term of a bond shall commence on the date of issuance of the permit, and it shall continue, in full force and effect, until a date one year from the date of approval of the final restoration of the work by the Foreman or Township Engineer.
Annual Bond for Utilities. Public utilities may be required or permitted to post an annual bond with the Township, at the discretion of the Township Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer. The form and amount of the annual bond shall be determined by the Township Engineer or Township Foreman based on the amount, nature and frequency of road openings and the permittee's prior experience, if any.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
If, in the opinion of the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer, the work to be undertaken is such that it will affect any property which abuts or adjoins the area of the work, the Manager, Foreman or Township Engineer may require the permittee to give notice of the same to the owners and/or tenants of each such affected property. In the case of disruption to electric, gas, phone, water or cable services, the permittee will inform the Township Emergency Management Coordinator, the Foreman and the Township Engineer of the expected commencement and length of such disruption, such notice to be given at a time not earlier than 48 hours and not later than 24 hours before the disruption begins. Absent such notice, no disruption of said services may commence without approval of the Township Engineer.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
The Township Secretary shall provide the Police and Fire Departments operating within the Township with a copy of any permit which prohibits or restricts the flow of traffic on any roadway, and the permittee shall be responsible for coordination between itself and the Police and Fire Departments in order that the public safety be protected during the course of the work.
[Ord. 2017-02, 5/8/2017]
Any person, partnership, firm, corporation or any other entity which shall violate any provision of this Part shall, upon conviction thereof, be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000 and/or to suffer imprisonment for a term not to exceed 90 days. Each day that any violation of any provision of this Part continues shall constitute a separate offense.
[Ord. 129, 12/15/1964, § 1]
Whenever it shall be deemed proper and necessary by the Board of Township Commissioners that sidewalks, curbs or footwalks shall be graded, constructed, paved, curbed, repaved, recurbed, laid or repaired along such streets of said Township, within any residence district thereof, the said Board of Township Commissioners shall by resolution at any meeting thereof, direct the Secretary to serve written notice upon the owners of property abutting on said streets or highways, requiring them to grade, construct, pave, curb, repave, recurb, repair or lay such sidewalks or footwalks, within 30 days from such notice and specify in said notice the width of said sidewalks, and the character of the same, whether of concrete, brick or other material, and the nature of the surfacing thereof.
[Ord. 129, 12/15/1964, § 2]
Upon failure of any owner of property abutting on said streets to do and perform any work required under the provisions of this Part within the time specified, the said Township Commissioners shall cause the same to be done and collect the cost of the work and material from the abutting property owners in the manner and with the penalty prescribed by the Acts of Assembly in such cases made and provided.