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Town of Marion, MA
Plymouth County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 12-15-1987 STM by Art. 15; 4-25-1988 ATM by Art. 26]
The intent of this bylaw is to prevent unnecessary loss of life or injury to waterfront residents, to reduce the need for rescue efforts and to prevent destruction of property by ocean water, waves and debris landward by high-wind storms.
The Floodplain/Flood Hazard District is herein established as an overlay district. The District includes all special flood hazard areas within the Town of Marion designated as Zone A, AE, AO, or VE on the Plymouth County Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for the administration of the National Flood Insurance Program. The map panels of the Plymouth County FIRM that are wholly or partially within the Town of Marion are panel numbers 25023C0468J, 25023C0469J, 25023C0556J, 25023C0558J, 25023C0566J, 25023C0586J, and 25023C0587J dated July 17, 2012, and panel numbers 25023C0557K, 25023C0559K, 25023C0567K, 25023C0576K, 25023C0578K, and 25023C0579K dated February 5, 2014. The exact boundaries of the District may be defined by the one-hundred-year base flood elevations shown on the FIRM and further defined by the Plymouth County Flood Insurance Study (FIS) report dated July 17, 2012. The FIRM and FIS report are incorporated herein by reference and are on file with the Marion Town Clerk.
A. 
In Zones A and AE, along watercourses that have not had a regulatory floodway designated, the best available federal, state, local, or other floodway data shall be used to prohibit encroachments in the floodways which would result in any increase in flood levels within the community during the occurrence of the base flood discharge.
B. 
All subdivision proposals must be designed to assure that:
(1) 
Such proposals minimize flood damage;
(2) 
All public utilities and facilities are located and constructed to minimize or eliminate flood damage; and
(3) 
Adequate drainage is provided to reduce exposure to flood hazards.
(4) 
Base flood elevation data is required for subdivision proposals or other developments greater than 50 lots or 5 acres, whichever is the lesser, within unnumbered A zones.
[Added 10-21-2019 STM by Art. 17]
C. 
The Floodplain District is established as an overlay district to all other districts. All development in the district, including structural and nonstructural activities, whether permitted by right or by special permit must be in compliance with Chapter 131, § 40, of the Massachusetts General Laws and with the following:
(1) 
Sections of the Massachusetts State Building Code (780 CMR) which address floodplain and coastal hazard areas;
(2) 
Wetlands Protection Regulations, Department of Environmental Protection, DEP (currently 310 CMR 10.00);
(3) 
Inland Wetlands Restriction, DEP (currently 310 CMR 13.00);
(4) 
Coastal Wetlands Restriction, DEP (currently 310 CMR 12.00);
(5) 
Minimum Requirements for the Subsurface Disposal of Sanitary Sewage, DEP (currently 310 CMR 15.00).
Any variances from the provisions and requirements of the above-referenced state regulations may only be granted in accordance with the required variance procedures of these state regulations.
D. 
Within riverine floodplains, the Building Commissioner or his/her designee shall notify the following of any alteration or relocation of a watercourse: 1) abutting cities and towns; 2) NFIP State Coordinator (c/o Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, 251 Causeway Street, Suite 600-700, Boston, MA 02114-2104) and the 3) NFIP Program Specialist (c/o Federal Emergency Management Agency, Region I, 99 High Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA)
E. 
Specific Marion requirements:
(1) 
There shall be no new residential construction of any sort on lots completely within the Marion Velocity Zone. The only exceptions are:
(a) 
Seawalls, piers, groins, wharves, weirs and similar structures are not prohibited by this section; and
(b) 
Lots created before the enactment of this bylaw whose areas lie completely within the Velocity Zone may be built upon, providing the structure(s) is located as far landward of mean high water as possible.
(2) 
In the case of lots created before the date of enactment of this bylaw and with areas both in the Velocity Zone and outside the Velocity Zone, all structures built after the enactment of this bylaw shall be located in the area outside the Velocity Zone. If this area is not sufficient to allow for the required zoning setbacks, the applicant may apply for a variance to allow lesser setbacks. The only exceptions are seawalls, piers, groins, wharves, weirs and similar structures.
(3) 
Every buildable lot created after the enactment of this bylaw shall have an adequate building area, plus the required setbacks outside the Velocity Zone, and all structures shall be placed within this area. The only exceptions are: seawalls, piers, groins, wharves, weirs and similar structures.
(4) 
[1]The landward line of the Velocity Zone must be located on the official lot plan by a licensed surveyor and registered with the plan at the Massachusetts Registry of Deeds.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsections E(4)and (5), regarding new construction or substantial improvements of residential and nonresidential structures, respectively, were repealed 10-21-2019 STM by Art. 17. This article also redesignated former Subsections E(6) and (7) and Subsections E(4) and (5).
(5) 
Any use otherwise permitted or authorized by special permit in the district underlying the Flood Hazard District shall likewise be permitted or authorized by special permit in the Flood Hazard District subject to the special provisions of this section.
F. 
Any use otherwise permitted or authorized by special permit in the district underlying the Flood Hazard District shall likewise be permitted or authorized by special permit in the Flood Hazard District subject to the special provisions of this section.
[Amended 6-18-1990 STM by Art. 3; 5-12-2014 ATM by Art. 39; 10-21-2019 STM by Art. 18]
The purpose of the Water Supply and Aquifer Protection Districts is to promote the health, safety, and general welfare of the Town to protect, preserve, and maintain the existing and potential well sites and groundwater supply and watershed areas for the public health and safety; to preserve and maintain the existing and potential groundwater supply and ground water recharge areas within the Town for the public health and safety; to preserve and protect the streams, brooks, rills, marshes, swamps, bogs and other water bodies and watercourses in the Town; to protect the community from the detrimental use and development of land and water within the district; to preserve and protect the groundwater and water recharge areas within the Town; and to prevent blight and pollution of the environment.
A. 
District area (see Article III).
(1) 
There is hereby established within the Town an aquifer protection district which is delineated on the Zoning Map of the Town of Marion, dated May 12, 2014.
(2) 
Except as specifically provided otherwise, this section applies to the Water Supply and Aquifer Protection Districts hereby established. The Water Supply and Aquifer Protection Districts are superimposed on existing zoning districts. All uses, dimensional requirements, and other provisions of the bylaw applicable to such underlying districts shall remain in force and effect, except where the restrictions and requirements of the overlay district are more restrictive, the latter shall prevail.
B. 
Permitted uses.
(1) 
Within the Aquifer Protection District the only uses allowed are as follows:
(a) 
A single-family residence and uses accessory thereto connected to the municipal sewer prior to occupancy, providing all excavation and grading shall maintain a depth of at least four feet of clean fill above the high water table.
(b) 
A single-family residence and uses accessory thereto located on a lot not less than one acre in area, providing all excavation and grading shall maintain a depth of at least four feet of clean fill above the high water table.
(2) 
Within the Water Supply Protection District the requirements of the underlying districts continue to apply, except that uses listed in Subsection C are prohibited and all uses other than single-family residences and uses accessory thereto shall require a special permit pursuant to Subsection D.
C. 
Prohibited uses. The following are prohibited as a principal or an accessory use in a Water Supply Protection District. Where lawfully existing, such uses may be continued but not expanded, added to, or enlarged:
(1) 
Outdoor storage of salt, snow-melting chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, hazardous wastes or chemicals, and materials containing or coated with such chemicals susceptible to being carried into the surface or ground waters within the Water Supply Protection District.
(2) 
Junkyards, salvage yards, open and landfill dumps, manufacture of pesticides, fertilizers, weed killers and herbicides, and commercial facilities for the storage or treatment of hazardous waste.
(3) 
Disposal of hazardous toxic materials (as defined by federal and state regulations), solid waste, or hazardous toxic wastewater through an on-site subsurface disposal system.
D. 
Uses by special permit.
(1) 
All principal or accessory uses, other than those permitted in Subsection B, which are authorized in the underlying district and which are not otherwise prohibited by Subsection C, are permitted in a Water Supply Protection District upon issuance of a special permit by the Board of Selectmen, which shall consider the reports and recommendations of the Board of Health, Planning Board, and Conservation Commission.
(2) 
The Board of Selectmen may waive all or part of the submission requirements upon the submission of evidence by the applicant that the surface or groundwater drainage from the applicant's site is not contributory to a municipal well field.
(3) 
Submittals. The following information shall be submitted when applying for a special permit within the Water Supply Protection District:
(a) 
A complete list of all chemicals, pesticides, fuels, and other potentially toxic or hazardous material to be used and stored in quantities greater than those associated with normal household use, accompanied by a description of measures proposed to protect them from vandalism, corrosion, and leakage and to provide for spill prevention and countermeasures.
(b) 
A description of potentially toxic or hazardous wastes to be generated, indicating storage and disposal method.
(c) 
For underground storage of toxic and hazardous materials, evidence of qualified professional supervision of system design and installation.
(4) 
Review and approval considerations.
(a) 
Special permits shall be granted only if the Board of Selectmen determined that at the boundaries of the premises the groundwater quality resulting from the on-site waste disposal, other on-site operations, natural recharge, and background water quality will not fall below the standards established by the DEP in "Drinking Water Standards of Massachusetts" or, for parameters where no standard exists, below standards established by the Board of Health, and wherever existing groundwater is already below those standards, upon determination that the proposed activity will result in no further degradation.
(b) 
A special permit issued by the Board of Selectmen shall be conditioned upon the following additional limitations to protect the water supply:
[1] 
Safeguards. Provisions shall be made to protect against toxic or hazardous materials discharged or lost through corrosion, accidental damage, spillage or vandalism through such measures as provision for spill control in the vicinity of chemical or fuel delivery points, secure storage areas for toxic or hazardous materials, and indoor storage provision for corrodible or dissolvable materials.
[2] 
Location. Where the premises are partially outside the Water Supply Protection District, such potential pollution sources as on-site waste disposal systems shall, to the degree feasible, be located outside the district.
[3] 
Disposal. For any toxic or hazardous wastes to be produced in quantities greater than those associated with normal household use, the applicant must demonstrate the availability and feasibility of disposal methods which are in conformance with MGL c. 21C.
[4] 
Drainage. All runoff from impervious surfaces shall be recharged on the site, diverted towards areas covered with vegetation for surface infiltration to the extent possible. Dry wells shall be used only where other methods are infeasible and shall be preceded by oil, grease, and sediment traps to facilitate removal of contamination.
[5] 
Monitor test wells. Where fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides or other potential contaminants are to be applied, utilized or stored, and in the opinion of the Board of Selectmen are a matter of concern, a groundwater monitoring program shall be established before the special permit is granted. Such a program shall adequately monitor the quality of the groundwater leaving the site through the use of monitor wells and/or appropriate groundwater sample analysis.
[6] 
Natural vegetation. Not more than 50% of natural vegetation, existing as of the effective date (June 18, 1990) of the adoption of this amendment to the bylaw on any lot, may be disturbed in any underlying district. However, to the extent that there is a finding that surface or groundwater drainage activity from the applicant's proposed use or activity on the site has decreasing, minimal or no impact on the municipal well field, the Board of Selectmen may relax the requirements of the preceding sentence, but in no event to a standard which is less restrictive than that set forth in the "minimum usable open space" paragraph of § 230-5.3B(2).
[7] 
Technical reference. The Board of Selectmen and applicants shall use the following technical references in the preparation and review of plans under this section: 310 CMR 22.00.
(5) 
Additional rules and regulations. The Board of Selectmen shall adopt additional rules and regulations relative to the issuance of a special permit under this section. Such rules shall consider, but need not be limited to, requirements to control causes of pollution to underground surface water.
[Amended 5-7-2010 ATM by Art. 27]
Towers, including windmills with rated power less than or equal to 60 kilowatts, radio transmitters and receivers, dish antennas, and similar structures may be permitted in all districts, provided they meet the following requirements:
A. 
Generating capacity in residential areas. Windmills for generation of electricity in residential areas shall have a maximum generating capacity of twice the requirements of the property owner of the same lot.
B. 
Setback requirements.
(1) 
Setback. The minimum setback distance for all towers from any abutter's property line shall be (and shall continue to be for the life of the installation) at least equal to the maximum height of the tower and its tower-mounted equipment plus 20 feet. Setbacks will be measured to the tower base.
(2) 
The Board of Appeals may grant a special permit for installations which do not meet the setback requirements if:
(a) 
All other conditions of this bylaw are met; and
(b) 
The waiver of the setback requirement does not, in the opinion of the Board, create a safety hazard and/or derogate substantially from the public good.
C. 
Tower height. All freestanding towers exceeding 35 feet in height and all towers exceeding 65 feet from grade when mounted on buildings require a special permit from the Board of Appeals. Special permits may be issued if the applicant can demonstrate to the Board that:
(1) 
It is necessary to extend higher than the limit for effective operation of the equipment to be mounted on the tower;
(2) 
The installation will not derogate substantially from the public good.
D. 
Tower access. Climbing access to the tower shall be restricted by limiting tower climbing apparatus to no lower than 10 feet from the ground, or, for towers that are climbable without climbing apparatus, the lowest 10 feet shall be covered with a smooth, unclimbable surface.
E. 
Maintenance. If a tower is designated a safety hazard by a registered professional structural or civil engineer, or if a tower is abandoned for more than two years, the owner of said tower shall be required to dismantle the tower. All tower-mounted equipment shall be operated in a safe and responsible manner.
F. 
Radio/Television interference. The applicant shall furnish the Building Commissioner or the Board of Appeals, if required as a condition to a special permit, a written commitment that any interference caused by the tower or equipment on the tower to local radio and/or television reception will be corrected within 60 days at the applicant's expense. If, in the opinion of the Board of Selectmen, noise is found to be excessive, as observed at the lot line of the lot on which the device is located, the owner shall reduce the noise to an acceptable level. Failure to comply with this subsection shall constitute just cause requiring the structure to be immediately removed.
G. 
Certification of structural design. Applicants for permits for towers must have the design of the tower certified as structurally safe by a registered professional structural or civil engineer before the permit can be issued.
[Amended 5-17-2010 ATM by Art. 27]
A. 
Application. This bylaw shall be limited in its use and application to only an applicant that has been formed and established as a partnership or similar business entity between a commercial or nonprofit organization and the Town of Marion pursuant to a written agreement which sets forth the terms and conditions of said partnership, and which has been approved and formally executed on behalf of the Town of Marion by the Board of Selectmen, with the advice and counsel of the Alternative Energy Committee.
B. 
Generating capacity. Land-based commercial-sized wind turbine facilities are defined as those turbines with a rated power greater than 60 kilowatts (60kW).
C. 
General requirements. Proposed wind turbine installations shall be consistent with all applicable Town, state and federal requirements, including, but not limited to, all applicable electrical, construction, noise, safety, environmental and communications requirements. The installation and operation of a wind turbine shall require the issuance of a special permit issued by the Board of Appeals (ZBA) pursuant to the requirements of § 230-7.2 of the Zoning Bylaw and those additional conditions contained in § 230-8.3B, Subsection L, below.
D. 
Dimensional requirements.
(1) 
Height. In no case shall the height of the tower exceed 480 feet. Site-specific requirements, see Subsection D(2) and (3) below, may require a lesser height. The height of a wind turbine shall be measured from natural grade to the tip of the rotor blade at its tallest point, or blade-tip length.
(2) 
Clear area: the area of a circle centered at the base of the wind turbine tower and having a radius equal to 1.0 times the height of the wind turbine. This area shall be clear of all buildings, critical infrastructure, or private or public ways that are not part of the wind turbine facility.
(3) 
Setback. The minimum distance from the nearest property line or residence to the center or base of the wind turbine shall be equal to three times the height of the wind turbine. The ZBA may reduce the minimum setback distance as appropriate based on site-specific considerations or written consent of the affected abutter(s) if the project satisfies all other criteria for granting of a building permit under the provisions of this section.
E. 
Noise requirements. The wind turbine shall conform to Massachusetts noise regulation 310 CMR 7.10. The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Noise Level Policy established for implementing this regulation specifies that the ambient sound level, measured at the property line of the facility or at the nearest inhabited buildings, shall not be increased by more than 10 decibels weighted for the "A" scale or 10 dB(A) due to the sound from the facility during its operating hours.
F. 
Visual requirements.
(1) 
Unless required by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), wind turbines shall not be lighted on a continuous basis. Lighting of equipment, structures, and any other facilities on site (except lighting required by the FAA) shall be shielded from abutting properties.
(2) 
The wind turbine structure shall be free of all company logos, advertising, and similar promotional markings. Signs on the facility shall be limited to those needed to warn of any danger; and educational signs providing information on the technology. All signs shall comply with the requirements of the Town's sign regulations.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 230-6.2, Signs.
(3) 
The applicant shall minimize any impact on the visual character of surrounding neighborhoods and the community by painting the wind turbine structure a nonreflective color that blends with the surroundings. Wind energy facilities shall be sited and/or operated in a manner that minimizes shadowing or flicker impacts on the neighboring or adjacent uses.
G. 
Safety.
(1) 
No hazardous materials or waste shall be discharged on the site of any wind turbine facility. If any hazardous materials or wastes are to be used on the site, the special permit shall incorporate provisions for full containment of such materials or waste. An enclosed containment area, designed to contain at least 110% of the volume of the hazardous materials or waste stored or used on the site, may be required to meet this requirement.
(2) 
The wind turbine structure and facility shall also be designed to prevent unauthorized access (for example, by construction of a fenced enclosure or locked access, anti-climbing provisions, etc.).
H. 
Underground utilities. All electrical connections from the wind turbine, including any associated substations, to either the point of use for the electricity or to the grid shall be made via underground conduits.
I. 
Modifications. All modifications to a wind turbine installation made after issuance of the special permit shall require prior approval by the ZBA pursuant to MGL c. 40A, § 9 and the terms and conditions of this bylaw.
J. 
Reporting. After each wind turbine is operational, the applicant shall submit to the special permit granting authority, at annual intervals from the date of issuance of the special permit, a report detailing operating data for the wind turbine, including, but not limited to, days of operation, daily electrical energy production, total energy production, emergent maintenance events.
K. 
Monitoring and maintenance. The applicant shall maintain the wind turbine facility installation in good condition using a formal planned maintenance system based on historical experience, good engineering practice, and installed system and performance monitoring instruments. Such maintenance shall also include, but not be limited to, painting, maintaining the structural integrity of the foundation, support structure and security barrier (if applicable), and maintenance of the buffer areas and landscaping, if present.
L. 
Special permit.
(1) 
A special permit issued by the ZBA for the construction or operation of any wind turbine shall be valid for 20 years, unless extended or renewed. Upon request, the ZBA may extend the time period or renew the special permit if there has been satisfactory operation of the facility. Any special permit issued under this bylaw shall lapse within one year from the grant thereof if construction has not sooner commenced except for good cause as determined by the ZBA. Upon the lapse of a special permit, a new special permit must be issued before construction or installation of the wind turbine may proceed. Upon expiration or termination of the special permit, the owner shall remove the wind turbine facility. A special permit granted for a wind turbine facility requires that the ZBA make written findings as set forth in § 230-7.2 of the Zoning Bylaw and, in addition, conclude that the wind turbine facility will not unreasonably interfere with the use or enjoyment of property abutting the proposed wind turbine facility and property within 300 feet of the location of the wind turbine facility.
(2) 
Pre-application conference. Prior to the submission of an application for a special permit under this regulation, the applicant is strongly encouraged to meet with the ZBA at a public meeting to discuss the proposed wind turbine installation in general terms and to clarify the filing requirements.
(3) 
Pre-application filing requirements. The purpose of the pre-application conference is to inform the ZBA as to the general nature of the proposed wind turbine. As such, no formal filings are required to be presented at the pre-application conference. However, the applicant is encouraged to prepare sufficient preliminary drawings or to present manufacturer's drawings and specifications to inform the ZBA of the location and overall design of the proposed facility, as well as its scale, noise levels, and proximity to abutting residential structures.
(4) 
Application filing requirements. At a minimum, the following shall be included with the application for a special permit for each wind turbine. The ZBA may require additional information where it deems necessary to render a decision in the application for a wind turbine.
(a) 
Name, address, telephone number, and original signature (photo-reproductions of signatures will not be accepted) of applicant and any co-applicants. Co-applicants may include the landowner of the subject property or the operator of the wind turbine.
(b) 
If the applicant or co-applicant will be represented by an agent, the name, address and telephone number of the agent shall be provided as well as an original signature authorizing the agent to represent the applicant and/or co-applicant. Photo-reproductions of signatures will not be accepted.
(c) 
Documentation of the legal right to install and use the proposed wind turbine and proof of control over the clear area, as required by Subsection D(1), (2) and (3) of this bylaw. A copy of the recorded deed to the property shall be sufficient for this purpose if the applicant is the record owner of the property.
(d) 
If the property is to be leased or subject to an easement, the applicant shall provide a copy of the lease or easement instrument.
(e) 
Identification of the subject property by including the name of the nearest road or roads, and street address, if any; Assessors map and parcel number of subject property; zoning district designation for the subject parcel with separately submitted locus map; a one-inch-equals-forty-feet vicinity plan, signed and sealed by a licensed professional land surveyor showing the following:
[1] 
Property lines for the subject property, and all properties adjacent to the subject property within 300 feet.
[2] 
Proposed location of the wind turbine(s), fencing, associated ground equipment, transmission infrastructure and access roads.
[3] 
The outline of all existing buildings, including their purpose(s) (e.g., residential buildings, garages, accessory structures, etc.), on the subject property and all adjacent properties within 300 feet, and the distances, at grade, from the proposed wind turbine to each building on the vicinity plan shall be shown.
[4] 
Existing (before) condition photographs. A color photograph of the current view shall be submitted from at least two locations to show the existing conditions.
[5] 
Proposed (after) condition representations. Each of the existing condition photographs shall have the proposed wind energy conversion facility superimposed on it to accurately simulate the proposed wind energy conversion facility when built and illustrate its total height, width, and breadth.
[6] 
For wind turbines with hub heights of 165 feet (50 meters) or greater, sight-line representations must be provided. A sight-line representation shall be drawn from representative locations that show the lowest point of the turbine tower visible from each location. Each sight-line shall be depicted in profile, drawn at one-inch-equals-forty-feet scale. The profiles shall show all the intervening trees and buildings. There shall be at least two sight-line representations illustrating the visibility of the facility from surrounding areas as the closest residence or place of business, or nearby public roads or areas. Documentation of the wind turbine manufacturer and model, rotor diameter, tower height, tower type and foundation type/dimensions. Tower and foundation drawings and specifications signed by a professional engineer(s) licensed to practice in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Materials of the proposed wind turbine shall be specified by type and specific treatment. This information shall be provided for the wind turbine tower and all other proposed equipment/facilities.
[7] 
Colors of the proposed wind turbine shall be represented by a color board showing actual colors proposed. If lighting of the site or turbine is proposed by the applicant or required by the FAA, the applicant shall submit a copy of the FAA's determination to establish the required markings and/or lights for the structure. The applicant shall also submit a printout of a computer-generated, point-to-point simulation indicating the horizontal footcandle levels at grade, both within the property to be developed and 300 feet beyond the property lines. The printout shall indicate the locations and types of luminaries proposed.
[8] 
The applicant shall provide a statement listing the existing ambient noise levels at the property boundaries of the proposed wind turbine and the maximum future projected noise levels from the proposed wind turbine. Such statement shall be certified and signed by a professional engineer licensed in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, stating that noise projections are accurate and meet the noise standards of this bylaw and the Massachusetts noise regulation 310 CMR 7.10 and are acceptable under Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection guidance for noise measurements.
[9] 
To ensure safe operation of the wind turbine, the applicant shall provide a statement from the wind turbine manufacturer giving the recommended maintenance procedures and schedule, and an operation and maintenance plan by the applicant to follow said procedures and schedule.
[10] 
The applicant shall provide a detailed business plan for the project, including but not limited to the goals of the project, the stakeholders, and the time line of anticipated activities.
[11] 
The applicant shall submit a fully inclusive estimate of the costs associated with removal, prepared by a qualified engineer. The amount shall include a cost-of-living adjustment for removals after 10, 15 and 20 years. The ZBA shall require the applicant to provide a form of surety (i.e., post a bond, establish an escrow account, or other) at the ZBA's election at the time of construction to cover the costs of removal in the event the Town must remove the facility. The amount of such surety shall be equal to 150% of the anticipated cost of compliance with this section.
[12] 
The applicant shall provide evidence that the utility company that operates the electrical grid where the facility is to be located has been informed of the customer's intent to install an interconnected customer-owned generator.
[13] 
The applicant shall identify the proposed clearing of natural vegetation for the construction, operation and maintenance of the wind turbine facility.
[14] 
The ZBA may require additional information and data from the applicant as it determines relevant to the application, in its sole discretion.
(5) 
Professional fees. The Town may retain a technical expert/consultant and legal services, pursuant to MGL c. 44, § 53G, to verify information presented by the applicant. The cost for such a technical/consultant and legal services, if needed, will be at the expense of the applicant pursuant to the terms and conditions of MGL c. 44, § 53G.
(6) 
Adjudication of special permit applications. The ZBA shall make a formal decision regarding each application for a special permit for a wind turbine. The ZBA shall base any decision pursuant to the requirements of § 230-7.2 of the Zoning Bylaw and the provisions of this bylaw.
M. 
Abandonment or discontinuation of use.
(1) 
Notification requirements. At such time that a wind turbine is scheduled to be abandoned or discontinued, the applicant will notify the ZBA and Building Commissioner by certified U.S. Mail of the proposed date of abandonment or discontinuation of operations. In the event that an applicant fails to give such notice, the facility shall be considered abandoned or discontinued if the wind turbine is inoperable for 180 consecutive days.
(2) 
Physical removal. Upon abandonment or discontinuation of use, the owner shall physically remove the wind turbine within 90 days from the date of abandonment or discontinuation of use. This period may be extended at the request of the owner and the discretion of the ZBA. "Physically remove" shall include, but not be limited to: removal of the wind turbine and tower, all machinery, equipment shelters, security barriers and all appurtenances from the subject property, proper disposal of all solid or hazardous materials and wastes from the site in accordance with local and state solid waste disposal regulations, and restoration of the location of the wind turbine to its natural condition, except that any landscaping, grading or below-grade foundation may remain in the "after" condition.
N. 
Change of owner. Once a special permit for a commercial wind turbine has been approved, the applicant shall duly record a copy of the special permit with the Plymouth County Registry of Deeds. All subsequent deeds to the property shall refer to the special permit and incorporate it by reference. All conditions under which the special permit was originally granted shall be binding on all successive owners of the property. In the event of a transfer of ownership, the original owner shall notify the Chief Executive Officer of the Town by certified U.S. Mail of the transfer in ownership within 30 days of the transaction.
O. 
Severability of provisions. The provisions of this bylaw are severable. If any provision of this bylaw is held invalid, the other provisions shall not be affected thereby. If application of this bylaw or any of its provisions to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the application of this bylaw and its provisions to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby.
[Added 3-28-1989 STM by Art. 4; amended 3-10-1997 STM by Art. S3; 10-25-2004 STM by Art. S20]
Individual lots in Residence Districts need not have the required amount of lot frontage, provided that all of the following conditions can be met for each individual lot lacking such frontage:
A. 
The area of said lot is at least double the minimum area normally required for the district.
B. 
A building line is designated on the plan, and the width of the lot at that line equals or exceeds the number of feet normally required for street frontage in the district.
C. 
Lot width is at no point less than 35 feet, and lot frontage is not less than 35 feet. Frontage shall meet all of the requirements contained in the definition for "frontage" in Article XI herein.
D. 
Not more than one rear lot shall be created from a property, or a set of contiguous properties held in common ownership as of March 10, 1997. Documentation to this effect shall be submitted to the Planning Board along with the application for approval not required or definitive subdivision plans under the Subdivision Control Law.[1] The Building Commissioner shall not issue a building permit for any rear lot without first establishing that compliance with this provision has been determined by the Planning Board.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 300, Subdivision Regulations.
E. 
At the time of the creation of the rear lot, it shall be held in common and contiguous ownership with the front lot.
F. 
The applicant shall submit a plan to the Planning Board under the Subdivision Control Law depicting both the rear lot and the front lot from which the rear lot was created.
G. 
Rear lots serving single-family structures shall have front, rear, and side yards equal to or in excess of those required in the district.
H. 
Any lot lawfully in existence as of June 1, 2004, that complied with the requirements of § 230-8.4 at the time said lot was created shall be considered in compliance with the frontage, area and width provisions of the Zoning Bylaw in effect at the time a building permit is sought for said lot and therefore be eligible for a building permit as a lot that conforms to zoning; provided, however, that the resulting structure shall comply with the front, rear, and side yard setback requirements under the Zoning Bylaw in effect at the time the lot was created.
[Added 6-18-1990 STM by Art. 4]
A. 
Purpose.
(1) 
The purpose of this section is to provide municipal control of the use of coastal water areas which are not within any of the Town's land use zoning districts in order to protect and enhance the natural and man-made environmental qualities of the Town of Marion, encourage water-dependent uses where appropriate, and preclude uses which could evolve because other Town, state or federal laws and regulations do not provide sufficient protection of the public interest.
(2) 
All areas within the Surface Water District shall also be subject to the rules and regulations as are from time to time issued by the Marine Resources Commission or the Harbormaster in support of the authority granted under MGL c. 91 and further subject to any special bylaws as may be adopted by the Town, and further subject to the granting of licenses and/or permits required by the Town, state or federal boards or agencies exercising authority granted to them by laws other than MGL c. 40A.
(3) 
All traditional uses of the surface waters for recreational and commercial purposes shall be permitted except as otherwise set forth herein.
B. 
District boundaries. The district defined by these regulations shall cover all water areas within the municipal limits of the Town of Marion seaward of the low water mark as said mark is defined in Chapter 91 Regulations promulgated by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.
C. 
Prohibited uses. The following uses shall not be allowed within the Surface Water District:
(1) 
Boatels and similar facilities offering temporary sleeping and/or eating accommodations.
(2) 
Residential uses, except that a vessel equipped with a Type 3 holding tank or other Coast-Guard-approved wastewater device, and anchored or moored in accordance with applicable Town mooring regulations, may be used for human habitation for a period which cumulatively shall not exceed nine months within any calendar year.
(3) 
Floating office, industrial, and commercial uses except as they may be accessory to and allowed by special permit under § 230-8.5D.
D. 
Special permit uses.
(1) 
The Planning Board shall be the special permit granting authority. The following uses may be allowed within the Surface Water District only by special permit from the Planning Board:
(a) 
Boat launching ramps.
(b) 
Landing facilities.
(c) 
Marinas water-dependent, as defined by MGL c. 91, § 1.
(d) 
Piers, commercial.
(e) 
Service facilities for the repair or maintenance of vessels.
(f) 
Underwater sewer, water and electrical lines and pipes.
(2) 
The following uses may be allowed in both the Surface Water District and an adjoining residential land use district by special permit from the Planning Board:
[Amended 4-24-2000 ATM by Art. 26; 10-21-2019 STM by Art. 19]
(a) 
Association piers subject to the provisions of § 230-7.4D.
(b) 
Accessory use piers subject to the provisions of § 230-7.4C.
E. 
Special permit review procedure. Special permits shall be granted only after the Planning Board:
(1) 
Reviews the written recommendations of the Marine Resources Commission, Harbormaster, Selectmen, Board of Health, and Conservation Commission. Upon receipt of the special permit application, the Planning Board shall forward a copy of the application to each of the above-named authorities for comment. Failure of any of the above-named authorities to submit written recommendations to the Planning Board within 35 days of the initial filing of the special permit application shall be deemed a favorable recommendation of said authority. If the Planning Board allows or denies a use which is contrary to the recommendations of the Marine Resources Commission, the Planning Board shall so state its reasons in writing when making the decision.
(2) 
Determines that the proposed use is consistent with the provisions of the Marine Land Use Plan or Master Plan and the Open Space Plan as they are from time to time adopted and amended.
(3) 
Determines that the proposed use is consistent with any Town of Marion Harbor Plan.
(4) 
Determines that the proposed use is a water-dependent use, meaning those uses and facilities which require direct access to or locations in marine or tidal waters and which therefore cannot be located inland (ref. MGL c. 91, Waterways Law).
(5) 
Determines that the landward facilities, such as parking and access ways, will not constitute an adverse influence on adjoining properties.
[Added 11-13-2000 STM by Art. S7; amended 10-15-2001 STM by Art. S13; 4-29-2003 STM by Art. S8; 4-25-2005 ATM by Art. 31]
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of accessory apartments is to provide additional dwelling units to rent without adding to the number of buildings in the Town or to alter substantially the appearance of the Town. An accessory apartment is intended to provide assistance in the provision of affordable housing opportunities for families and individuals of all ages.
B. 
Procedure. A single-family dwelling, lawfully in existence as of the date of the adoption of this bylaw, or an accessory structure located on the same lot as a single-family dwelling lawfully in existence as of the date of the adoption of this bylaw, may be converted such that it contains an accessory dwelling unit (an accessory apartment), provided that requirements of § 230-7.2 of the Zoning Bylaw and the following terms and conditions are met.
C. 
Minimum submittal and performance standards.
(1) 
The applicant shall submit a plot plan prepared by a registered land surveyor that shows the following: the existing dwelling unit, accessory structure(s) and/or proposed accessory apartment, location of any septic system, required parking, and all residential dwellings within 150 feet of the proposed accessory apartment. A mortgage inspection survey, properly adapted by a surveyor, shall be sufficient to meet this requirement.
(2) 
Any special permit shall be subject to review and approval by the Board of Health as to sanitary wastewater disposal in full conformance with the provision of 310 CMR 15.00 (Title V of the State Environmental Code), assurance that there is an adequate supply of potable water and the proposed drainage plans, if any, required due to the construction of new parking spaces or alteration to existing structures;
(3) 
The Board of Appeals shall require the owner of the property to provide an affidavit, subject to the pains and penalties of law, certifying that the owner of the property, except for bona fide temporary absence, shall occupy one of the two dwelling units.
(4) 
Not more than one accessory apartment may be established on a lot. The accessory apartment shall not exceed 1,200 square feet in floor space, must be smaller than the area of the main part of the dwelling and shall be located in the principal residential structure or within an accessory building.
[Amended 5-21-2012 ATM by Art. 34]
(5) 
The external appearance of the structure in which the accessory apartment is to be located shall not be significantly altered from the appearance of a single-family structure, in accordance with the following:
(a) 
Any accessory apartment construction shall not create more than a fifty-percent increase in the gross floor space of the structure existing as of the date of the adoption of this bylaw.
(b) 
Any stairways or access and egress alterations serving the accessory apartment shall be enclosed, screened, or located so that visibility from public ways is minimized.
(c) 
Sufficient and appropriate space for at least one additional parking space shall be constructed of materials consistent with the existing driveway and shall have vehicular access to the driveway.
(d) 
The design and size of the apartment conforms to all applicable standards in the health, building, and other relevant codes and regulations.
(6) 
The Board of Appeals shall require as a condition of the special permit that the special permit is not transferable or assignable and that it shall lapse, by operation of law, when the property (in whole or in part) that is subject to the special permit is transferred or sold.
(7) 
The Board of Appeals shall take into consideration the reports of Town agencies, departments and boards and shall make specific findings as to the decision's consistency or inconsistency with the reports received from the Planning Board and Board of Health.
(8) 
The Board of Appeals shall obtain a certification from the applicant that the apartment will be occupied by an immediate family member of the owner or shall be an affordable housing unit in compliance with the definition of "affordable housing unit" in § 230-8.12B of the Zoning Bylaw.
A. 
Purposes. The purposes of the Sippican River Overlay District are to:
(1) 
Prevent and control water pollution, especially from non-point sources, and thereby improve the water quality of the river;
(2) 
Promote the preservation of the scenic qualities of the natural landscape (indigenous vegetation) along the river;
(3) 
Prevent any additional disruptions to the natural flow of the river;
(4) 
Protect fisheries and wildlife habitat within and along the river;
(5) 
Control erosion and siltation;
(6) 
Enhance and preserve existing agricultural lands, floodplains and other environmentally sensitive areas along the shoreline;
(7) 
Conserve shore cover and encourage well-designed and environmentally sensitive developments and agricultural and other farming uses.
B. 
Scope of authority. All existing regulations of the Marion Zoning Bylaws applicable to the underlying district shall remain in effect, except that where the Sippican River Protection Overlay District imposes additional regulations, such regulations shall prevail.
C. 
District delineation. The area covered by this overlay district shall be all contiguous portions of the Sippican River in the Town of Marion, its shores and landward up to 200 feet from the normal high water line. All distances shall be measured in horizontal feet. The upstream boundary of the district is the Rochester Town line; the downstream boundary is a line drawn from the tip of Rose Point to the westerly line of the Town beach lot on River Road. This overlay district is shown on the Zoning Map of the Town of Marion, dated May 12, 2014.
[Amended 5-12-2014 ATM by Art. 39]
D. 
Permitted uses. The following uses are permitted within the district, provided they are in conformance with the river protection standards in Subsection G:
(1) 
Agricultural production, including raising of cranberries, livestock, poultry, nurseries, orchards, hay and other crops;
(2) 
Recreational uses, provided there is minimal disruption of wildlife habitat;
(3) 
Maintenance and repair usual and necessary for continuance of an existing use;
(4) 
Conservation of water, plants and wildlife, including the raising and management of wildlife;
(5) 
Emergency procedures necessary for safety or protection of property;
(6) 
Single-family residences on lots fronting on a way not requiring approval under the Massachusetts Subdivision Control Law, MGL c. 41;
(7) 
Maintenance of the river may be done under the requirements of MGL c. 131, § 40 and any other applicable laws, bylaws and regulations.
E. 
Prohibited uses.
(1) 
All uses of outboard motors, including jet skis, of any type on the river west of the County Road bridge;
(2) 
See Subsection G for limitations with the buffer strip;
(3) 
All other uses not specifically permitted or allowed by variance granted by the Zoning Board of Appeals within the overlay district are prohibited.
F. 
Additional site plan approval criteria. All residential subdivisions which require approval under MGL c. 41 shall require site plan approval from the Planning Board. In addition to the standards contained in MGL c. 41, the Planning Board shall also consider whether the use or uses proposed in the River Protection Overlay District meet the following criteria:
(1) 
Are situated on a portion of the site that will most likely conserve shoreland vegetation and the integrity of the buffer strip;
(2) 
Are integrated into the existing landscape through features such as vegetative buffers and through retention of the natural banks of the river;
(3) 
Will not result in erosion or sedimentation;
(4) 
Will not result in water pollution.
G. 
River protection standards. All land uses, including all residences developed on riverfront lots, shall comply with the following standards:
(1) 
A buffer strip extending 100 feet in depth, to be measured landward from the high water line of the Sippican River, shall be required for all lots within the River Protection Overlay District. If any lot existing at the time of adoption of this bylaw does not contain sufficient depth, measured landward from the high water line, to provide a one-hundred-foot buffer strip, the buffer strip may be reduced to 50% of the available lot depth, measured landward from the high water line.
(a) 
Within the buffer strip, no trees or other vegetation shall be harvested, cut, removed, thinned or otherwise disturbed other than:
[1] 
Cutting and removing of dead vegetation; or
[2] 
Selected cutting within the buffer strip when it will not cause significant adverse environmental impact with respect to the stability of the river bank and is subject to the following: no more than 50% of the live trees five inches or more in diameter breast height during any ten-year period, or the removal of more than 1/2 of the total vegetative cover within the portion of each parcel that is within the buffer strip.
(b) 
No building nor structures shall be erected or moved into the buffer strip.
(2) 
On-site disposal systems shall be located as far from the Sippican River as is feasible and shall conform to the provisions of 310 CMR 15, Title V of the Massachusetts State Environmental Code and the Marion Sanitary Code.
(3) 
All new development shall be integrated into the existing landscape on the property so as to minimize its visual impact and maintain the natural beauty of environmentally sensitive shoreline areas through use of vegetative and structural screening, landscaping, grading and placement on or into the surface of the lot.
(4) 
Runoff from all agricultural and farming activities and from new development, building or change in building or site must be contained within the development or site. There shall be no net increase in off-site runoff, nor any degradation of water quality in the water leaving the site.
H. 
Nonconforming use.
(1) 
Any lawful use, building, structures or parts thereof existing at the effective date of this bylaw, or amendment thereto, and not in conformance with the provisions of this bylaw, shall be considered to be a nonconforming use.
(2) 
Any existing use or structure may continue and may be maintained, repaired and improved but in no event made larger unless permission is granted by the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(3) 
Any nonconforming structure which is destroyed may be rebuilt on the same location, but no larger than its overall original square footage unless permission is granted by the Zoning Board of Appeals.
I. 
Hardships. To avoid undue hardships, nothing in this bylaw shall be deemed to require a change in design, construction or intended use of any structure for which a building permit was legally issued prior to the effective date of this bylaw. Such construction must be completed within two years from the effective date of this bylaw or such construction shall be required to conform to this bylaw.
J. 
Severance. If any section or part thereof of this bylaw is held to be invalid, the remainder of this bylaw shall not be affected thereby.
K. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BANK
That portion of the land surface which normally abuts and confines the river. The upper boundary of a bank is the first observable break in the slope or the mean annual flood level whichever is lower.
HIGH WATER LINE
A line located within a river bank that is apparent from visible markings, changes in character of solids or vegetation due to prolonged presence of water and which distinguishes predominantly aquatic land from predominantly terrestrial land.
[Added 3-10-1997 STM by Art. S8]
The following regulations shall apply to adult uses as defined herein.
A. 
Separation distances. Adult uses may be permitted only when located outside the area circumscribed by a circle which has a radius consisting of the following distances from specified uses or zoning district boundaries:
(1) 
One thousand feet from the district boundary line of any residence zone;
(2) 
One thousand feet from any other adult use as defined herein;
(3) 
Five hundred feet from any establishment licensed under MGL c. 138, § 2.
B. 
Measurement of radius. The radius distance shall be measured by following a straight line from the nearest point of the property parcel upon which the proposed adult use is to be located, to the nearest point of the parcel of property of the zoning district boundary line from which the proposed adult use is to be separated. In the case of the distance between adult uses [Subsection A(2)] and between an adult use and an establishment licensed under MGL c. 138, § 12 [Subsection A(3)], such distances shall be measured between the closest points of the buildings in which such uses are located.
C. 
Maximum usable floor area. With the exception of an adult cabaret or an adult motion-picture theater, adult uses may not exceed 2,500 square feet of gross floor area.
D. 
Parking requirements. The following parking requirements shall apply:
(1) 
Parking for adult bookstores, adult paraphernalia stores, and adult video stores shall meet the requirements of § 230-6.5 for general retail.
(2) 
Parking for adult cabarets and adult motion-picture theaters shall meet the requirements of § 230-6.5 for restaurants.
(3) 
Parking shall be provided in the side or rear yard area only.
(4) 
All parking areas shall be illuminated, and all lighting shall be contained on the property.
(5) 
Parking areas shall be landscaped in conformance with the appropriate provisions of this Zoning Bylaw.
E. 
Screening and buffers. A five-foot-wide landscaped buffer shall be provided along the side and rear property lines of an adult use establishment consisting of evergreen shrubs or trees not less than five feet in height at the time of planting, or solid fence not less than five feet in height.
F. 
Visual access. All building openings, entries and windows shall be screened in such a manner as to prevent visual access to the interior of the establishment by the public.
G. 
Application for special permit. The Planning Board shall be the special permit granting authority for the purposes of this § 230-8.8. An application for a special permit for an adult use establishment shall include the following information:
(1) 
Name and address of the legal owner of the establishment;
(2) 
Name and address of all persons having lawful equity or security interest in the establishment;
(3) 
Name and address of the manager;
(4) 
Number of employees;
(5) 
Proposed provisions for security within and without the establishment;
(6) 
The physical layout of the interior of the establishment.
H. 
Prohibition. No adult use special permit shall be issued to any person convicted of violating the provisions of MGL c. 119, § 63 or MGL c. 272, § 28.
I. 
Public hearing. An adult use special permit shall only be issued following a public hearing held within 65 days after the filing of an application with the special permit granting authority, a copy of which shall forthwith be given to the Town Clerk by the applicant.
J. 
Lapse. Any adult use special permit issued under the bylaw shall lapse within one year, not including such time required to pursue or await the determination of an appeal from the grant thereof, if substantial use thereof has not sooner commenced except for good cause or, in the case of a permit for construction, if construction has not begun by such date except for good cause.
K. 
Severability. Any provision of this § 230-8.8, or portion thereof, declared invalid shall not affect the validity or application of the remainder of said section of this Zoning Bylaw.
[Added 3-10-1997 STM by Art. S4]
A. 
General. For the purpose of promoting the safety of the residents of the Town, an application for a building permit for a residential structure shall include a plan, at a scale of one inch equals 100 feet, showing the driveway serving the premises, and showing existing and proposed topography at ten-foot or three-meter contour intervals. All driveways shall be constructed in a manner ensuring reasonable and safe access from the public way serving the premises to within a distance of 100 feet or less from the building site of the residential structure on the premises, for all vehicles, including but not limited to emergency, fire, and police vehicles. The Building Commissioner shall not issue a building permit for the principal structure on the premises unless all of the following conditions have been met.
B. 
Except in access strips of less than 50 feet width to rear lots, no driveway shall be located within 10 feet of any side or rear lot line without written approval by the appropriate abutter(s), or by special permit by the Planning Board after a determination that said driveway will provide safe and reasonable access for fire, police and emergency vehicles.
C. 
The distance of any driveway measured from the street line to the point where the principal building is proposed shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet, unless the Planning Board shall grant a special permit after a determination that said driveway will provide safe and reasonable access for fire, police and emergency vehicles.
D. 
The grade of each driveway where it intersects with the public way shall not exceed 8% for a distance of 20 feet from the travel surface of the public way unless the Planning Board shall grant a special permit after a determination that said driveway will provide safe and reasonable access for fire, police and emergency vehicles.
E. 
Driveways serving the premises shall provide access through the required frontage of the serviced lot, except in the case of a "common driveway" under Subsection F herein.
F. 
A common driveway with a single access point, serving not more than two lots, may be allowed on special permit by the Planning Board. A driveway with two access points, designed as a loop, serving three to six lots may be allowed on special permit by the Planning Board. A common driveway must satisfy all of the conditions in this § 230-8.9, as well as all of the following conditions:
[Amended 10-15-2001 STM by Art. S9]
(1) 
The center line intersection with the street center line shall not be less than 45°;
(2) 
A minimum cleared width of 12 feet shall be maintained over its entire length;
(3) 
A roadway surface of a minimum of four inches of graded gravel, placed over a properly prepared base, graded and compacted to drain from the crown, shall be installed;
(4) 
The driveway shall be located entirely within the boundaries of the lots being served by the driveway and not along a side or rear boundary line;
(5) 
Proposed documents shall be submitted to the Planning Board demonstrating that, through easements, restrictive covenants, or other appropriate legal devices, the maintenance, repair, snow removal, and liability for the common driveway shall remain perpetually the responsibility of the private parties, or their successors-in-interest; and
(6) 
A common driveway may never be used to measure or determine lot frontage.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to establish areas in which wireless communications facilities may be provided while protecting Marion's unique community character. The WCF Overlay District has been created:
(1) 
To provide for safe and appropriate siting of wireless communications facilities consistent with the Telecommunications Act of 1996; and
(2) 
To minimize visual impacts from such facilities on residential districts and scenic areas within Marion.
B. 
Location. The WCF District shall be located as follows: Lot 14 on Assessor's Plan 6; Lot 54 on Assessor's Plan 15; Lots 9 and 18 on Assessor's Plan 24; Lot 14 on Assessor's Plan 26.
[Amended 10-28-1997 STM by Art. S2]
C. 
Applicability. The WCF District shall be construed as an overlay district with regard to said locations. All requirements of the underlying zoning shall remain in full force and effect, except as may be specifically superseded herein.
D. 
Submittal requirements. As part of any application for a special permit, applicants shall submit, at a minimum, the information required for site plan approval, as set forth herein at Article IX. Applicants shall also describe the capacity of the facility, including the number and types of antennas that it can accommodate and the basis for the calculation of capacity.
E. 
Special permit. A wireless communications facility may be erected in the WCF District upon the issuance of a special permit by the Planning Board if the Board determines that the adverse effects of the proposed facility will not outweigh its beneficial impacts as to the Town or the neighborhood, in view of the particular characteristics of the site, and of the proposal in relation to that site. The determination shall include consideration of each of the following:
(1) 
Communications needs served by the facility;
(2) 
Traffic flow and safety, including parking and loading;
(3) 
Adequacy of utilities and other public services;
(4) 
Impact on neighborhood character, including aesthetics;
(5) 
Impacts on the natural environment, including visual impacts;
(6) 
Potential fiscal impact, including impact on Town services, tax base, and employment;
(7) 
New monopoles shall be considered only upon a finding that existing or approved monopoles or facilities cannot accommodate the equipment planned for the proposed monopole.
F. 
Conditions. All wireless communications facilities shall be subject to the following conditions:
[Amended 10-15-2001 STM by Art. S16]
(1) 
To the extent feasible, service providers shall co-locate on a single facility. Monopoles shall be designed to structurally accommodate foreseeable users (within a ten-year period) where technically practicable.
(2) 
New freestanding facilities shall be limited to monopoles; no lattice towers shall be permitted. Monopole height shall not exceed 100 feet above mean finished ground elevation at the base of the mounting structure; provided, however, that a monopole may be erected higher than 100 feet where co-location is approved or proposed, not to exceed a height of 130 feet above mean finished ground elevation at the base of the mounting structure.
(3) 
Wireless communications facilities may be placed upon or inside existing buildings or structures, including water tanks and towers, church spires, electrical transmission lines, and the like. In such cases, the facility height shall not exceed 20 feet above the height of the existing structure or building.
(4) 
All structures associated with wireless communications facilities shall be removed within one year of cessation of use. The Board may require a performance guarantee to effect this result.
(5) 
To the extent feasible, all network interconnections from the communications facility shall be via land lines.
(6) 
Existing on-site vegetation shall be preserved to the maximum extent practicable.
(7) 
The facility shall minimize, to the extent feasible, adverse visual effects on the environment. The Planning Board may impose reasonable conditions to ensure this result, including painting, lighting standards, landscaping, and screening.
(8) 
Traffic associated with the facility shall not adversely affect public ways.
(9) 
Fencing may be required to control unauthorized entry to wireless communications facilities.
(10) 
The setback of the WCF from the property line shall be determined by the Planning Board based on the specific proposal presented. In no case will the setback be less than 40 feet.
[Added 10-28-1997 STM by Art. S7]
Site design, materials, and construction processes shall be designed to avoid erosion damage, sedimentation or uncontrolled surface water runoff by conformance with the following:
A. 
Grading or construction which will result in final slopes of 15% or greater on 50% or more of lot area, or on 30,000 square feet or more on a single lot, even if less than half the lot area, shall be allowed only under special permit from the Planning Board, which shall be granted only upon demonstration that adequate provisions have been made to protect against erosion, soil instability, uncontrolled surface water runoff, or other environmental degradation.
B. 
All such slopes exceeding 15% which result from site grading or construction activities shall either be covered with topsoil to a depth of four inches and planted with vegetative cover sufficient to prevent erosion or be retained by a wall constructed of masonry, reinforced concrete or treated pile or timber.
C. 
No area or areas totaling one acre or more on any parcel or contiguous parcels in the same ownership shall have existing vegetation clear stripped or be filled six inches or more so as to destroy existing vegetation unless in conjunction with agricultural activity, or unless necessarily incidental to construction on the premises under a currently valid building permit, or unless within streets which are either public or designated on an approved subdivision plan, or unless a special permit is approved by the Planning Board on condition that runoff will be controlled, erosion avoided and either a constructed surface or cover vegetation will be provided not later than the first full spring season immediately following completion of the stripping operation. No stripped area or areas which are allowed by special permit shall remain through the winter without a temporary cover of winter rye or similar plant material being provided for soil control, except in the case of agricultural activity or an emergency situation, such as storm damage, where such temporary cover would be infeasible.
D. 
The Building Commissioner may require the submission of all information from the building permit applicant or the landowner, in addition to that otherwise specified herein, necessary to ensure compliance with these requirements, including, if necessary, elevation of the subject property, description of vegetative cover and the nature of impoundment basins proposed, if any.
E. 
In granting a special permit, the Planning Board shall require a performance bond to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section.
F. 
Hillside areas, except naturally occurring ledge or bedrock outcroppings or ledge cuts, shall be retained with vegetative cover, as follows:
Average Percentage Slope
Minimum Percentage of Land to Remain in Vegetation
10.0% to 14.9%
25%
15.0% to 19.9%
40%
20.0% to 24.9%
55%
25.0% to 29.9%
70%
30.0% and above
85%
[Added 4-29-2003 STM by Art. S1]
A. 
Purpose and intent. The purpose of this bylaw is to outline and implement a coherent set of policies and objectives for the development of affordable housing in compliance with MGL c. 40B, §§ 20 through 23, and ongoing Town of Marion programs to promote a reasonable percentage of housing that is affordable to moderate-income buyers. It is intended that the affordable housing units that result from the bylaw be considered as Local Initiative Program (LIP) dwelling units in compliance with the requirements for the same as specified by the Department of Community Affairs, Division of Housing and Community Development, and that said units count toward the Town's requirements under MGL c. 40B, §§ 20 through 23.
B. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AFFORDABLE HOUSING UNIT
A dwelling unit that can be purchased at an annual cost that is no more than 30% of the homeowner's income, which is at or below 80% of the Town of Marion's median income as reported by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, including units under MGL c. 40B, §§ 20 through 23 and the Commonwealth's Local Initiative Program (LIP).
QUALIFIED AFFORDABLE HOUSING UNIT PURCHASER
An individual or family with a household income that does not exceed 80% of the median income, with adjustments for household size, as reported by the most recent information from the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and/or the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD).
C. 
Applicability.
(1) 
Division of land. This bylaw shall apply to the division of land held in single ownership as of April 29, 2003, or any time thereafter into six or more lots, whether said six or more lots are created at one time or the cumulative of six or more lots created from said land held in single ownership as of April 29, 2003, and shall require a special permit under Article VII of the Zoning Bylaw. A special permit shall be required for land divisions under MGL c. 40A, § 9 as well as for "conventional" or grid divisions allowed by MGL c. 41, §§ 81L and 81U, including those divisions of land that do not require subdivision approval.
(2) 
Multifamily dwelling units. This bylaw shall apply to the construction of six or more multifamily dwelling units, whether on one or more contiguous parcels in existence as of April 29, 2003, and shall require a special permit under Article VII of the Zoning Bylaw.
(3) 
The provisions of Subsection C(2) shall not apply to the construction of six or more single-family dwelling units on individual lots, if said six or more lots were in existence as of April 29, 2003.
(4) 
The Planning Board shall be the special permit granting authority (SPGA) for all special permits under this bylaw.
D. 
Mandatory provision of affordable units. The SPGA shall, as a condition of approval of any development referred to in Subsection C, require that the applicant for special permit approval comply with the obligation to provide affordable housing pursuant to this bylaw and more fully described in Subsection E.
E. 
Provision of affordable units.
(1) 
The SPGA shall deny any application for a special permit for development if the applicant for special permit approval does not comply, at a minimum, with the following requirements for affordable units:
(a) 
At least 10% of the lots in a division of land or units in a multifamily unit development subject to this bylaw shall be established as affordable housing units in any one or combination of methods provided for below. Fractions of a lot or dwelling unit shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number, such that a development proposing six dwelling units shall require one affordable unit, a development proposing 11 dwelling units shall require two affordable units, and so on;
(b) 
The affordable unit(s) shall be constructed or rehabilitated on:
[1] 
The locus property; or
[2] 
A locus different from the one subject to the special permit (see Subsection I); or
(c) 
An applicant shall make a donation of land or pay a fee in lieu of affordable housing unit provision (see Subsection L below).
(2) 
The applicant may offer, and the SPGA may accept, any combination of the Subsection E(1) requirements, provided that in no event shall the total number of units or land area provided be less than the equivalent number or value of affordable units required by the bylaw.
F. 
Provisions applicable to affordable housing units on- or off-site.
(1) 
Siting of affordable units. All affordable units constructed or rehabilitated under this bylaw shall be situated so as not to be in less desirable locations than market-rate units in the development and shall, on average, be no less accessible to public amenities, such as open space, than the market-rate units.
(2) 
Minimum design and construction standards for affordable units. Affordable housing units within market-rate developments shall be integrated with the rest of the development and shall be compatible in design, appearance, construction and quality of materials with other units.
(3) 
Timing of construction or provision of affordable units or lots. The SPGA may impose conditions on the special permit requiring construction of affordable housing according to a specified timetable, so that affordable housing units shall be provided coincident to the development of market-rate units, but in no event shall the development of affordable units be delayed beyond the schedule noted below:
Market-Rate Unit
Affordable Housing Unit
Up to 30%
None required
30% plus 1 unit
At least 10%
Up to 50%
At least 30%
Up to 75%
At least 50%
75% plus 1 unit
At least 70%
Up to 90%
100%
Any fractions of an affordable unit shall be rounded up to a whole unit.
G. 
Local preference. The SPGA shall require the applicant to comply with local preference requirements, if any, as established by the Board of Selectmen.
H. 
Marketing plan for affordable units. Applicants under this bylaw shall submit a marketing plan or other method approved by the SPGA, which describes how the affordable units will be marketed to potential homebuyers. This plan shall include a description of the lottery or other process to be used for selecting buyers. The plan shall be in conformance to DHCD rules and regulations.
I. 
Provision of affordable housing units off site. Subject to the approval of the SPGA, an applicant subject to this bylaw may develop, construct or otherwise provide affordable units equivalent to those required by Subsection E off site. All requirements of this bylaw that apply to on-site provision of affordable units shall apply to provision of off-site affordable units. In addition, the location of the off-site units to be provided shall be approved by the SPGA as an integral element of the special permit review and approval process.
J. 
Maximum incomes and selling prices: initial sale.
(1) 
To ensure that only eligible households purchase affordable housing units, the purchaser of an affordable unit shall be required to submit copies of the last three years' federal and state income tax returns for the household and to certify in writing and prior to transfer of the title to the developer of the housing units or his/her agent, and within 30 days following transfer of title to the Marion Board of Selectmen or to another authority as stipulated by them that the annual household income level does not exceed the maximum established by the Commonwealth's Division of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) and as may be revised from time to time.
(2) 
The maximum price of the affordable housing unit(s) created under this bylaw is established by DHCD under the Local Initiative Program (LIP) guidelines in effect at the time the unit(s) is built.
K. 
Preservation of affordability; restrictions on resale. Each affordable unit created in accordance with the bylaw shall have the following limitations governing its resale. The purpose of these limitations is to preserve the long-term affordability of the unit and to ensure its continued availability for affordable income households. The resale controls shall be established through a deed restriction, acceptable to DHCD, on the property, recorded at the Plymouth County Registry of Deeds or the Land Court, and shall be in force for a period of 99 years.
(1) 
Affordable housing unit(s) resale price. Sales beyond the initial sale to a qualified purchaser shall not exceed the maximum sales price as determined by the DHCD for affordability within the Town of Marion at the time of resale.
(2) 
Right of first refusal of purchase. The purchaser of an affordable housing unit developed as a result of this bylaw shall agree to execute a deed rider prepared by the Town, granting, among other things, the Town of Marion's right of first refusal for a period not less than 180 days to purchase the property or assignment thereof, in the event that, despite diligent efforts to sell the property, a subsequent qualified purchaser cannot be located.
(3) 
The SPGA shall require, as a condition for special permit approval under this bylaw, that the deeds to the affordable housing unit contain a restriction requiring that any subsequent renting or leasing of said affordable housing unit shall not exceed the maximum rental price as determined by the DHCD for affordability within the Town of Marion.
(4) 
The SPGA shall require, as a condition for special permit approval under this bylaw, that the applicant comply with the mandatory set-asides and accompanying deed restrictions of affordability. The Building Commissioner shall not issue any building permit for any unit(s) until the special permit and deed restriction are recorded at the Plymouth County Registry of Deeds or the Land Court.
L. 
Donation of land and/or fees in lieu of the affordable housing unit provision. As an alternative to the requirements of Subsection E, an applicant may contribute a fee or land to the Marion Housing Trust Fund in lieu of constructing and offering affordable units within the locus of the proposed development or off site.
(1) 
Calculation of fees in lieu of units. The applicant for development subject to this bylaw may pay fees in lieu of the construction or provision of affordable units in the amount of $200,000 per unit. For example, if the applicant is required to construct two affordable income units, he/she may opt to pay $400,000 in lieu of constructing or providing the units. The fee in lieu of construction of affordable units shall be reviewed annually by the Board of Selectmen on or before July 1 and adjusted to reflect the current cost of constructing an affordable dwelling unit.
[Amended 11-3-2003 STM by Art. S18]
(2) 
Schedule of fees in lieu of payments. Fees in lieu of payments shall be made according to the schedule set forth in Subsection F(3) above.
(3) 
An applicant may offer, and the SPGA, in concert with the Board of Selectmen, may accept, donations of land in fee simple, on or off site, that the SPGA determines are suitable for the construction of affordable housing units. The value of donated land shall be equal to or greater than the value of the construction or set aside of affordable units. The SPGA may require, prior to accepting land as satisfaction of the requirements of this bylaw, that the applicant submit appraisals of the land in question, as well as other data relevant to the determination of equivalent value.
[Added 5-13-2013 ATM by Art. 31]
A. 
Purpose; bylaw objectives. The purpose of the Municipal Solar Overlay District is to identify and include on the Marion Zoning Map, with corresponding inclusion in the Zoning Bylaw, Town-owned real property on which the installation of solar PV systems without the need for a special permit would be compatible and consistent with the Marion Zoning Bylaw.
B. 
Definition. For the purpose of this bylaw and without intending to limit the interpretation of the same, "ground-mounted solar PV systems" shall include any engineered and constructed structure that converts sunlight into electrical energy through an array of solar panels that connect to a building's electrical system and/or the electrical grid.
C. 
Overlay district locations. The Municipal Solar Overlay District shall be defined as and include Lots 8, 9, 9C, and 9D as shown on Marion Assessor's Map 24. The provisions of this district shall be considered superimposed on and over the Zoning Map of the Town of Marion and shall hereinafter be referred to as the "Municipal Solar Overlay District." The uses and structures permitted in the Municipal Solar Overlay District shall be considered an addition to, and not conflicting with, the uses and structures permitted by the Zoning Bylaw and Zoning Map.
D. 
Allowable uses and structures. In addition to all other permitted and lawful uses and structures, within the Municipal Solar Overlay District the Town of Marion shall be permitted to construct, or have others construct, ground-mounted solar PV systems, provided that a building permit has been issued pursuant to the Massachusetts Building Code. No special permit shall be required for construction of ground-mounted solar PV systems within the Municipal Solar Overlay District. Submission to the Planning Board for minor site plan review and approval pursuant to § 230-9.1A of the Zoning Bylaw shall be as required by this bylaw (§ 230-8.13 et seq.), regardless of the minimum threshold requirements found in § 230-9.1A. In addition, a solar PV installation on the closed landfill within the Municipal Solar Overlay District also requires a MassDEP post-closure permit according to the MassDEP's Landfill Post-Closure Use Permitting Guidelines. All the provisions of the general or special laws relating to the use, lease and disposal of municipally owned property shall apply to any use or application of the Municipal Solar Overlay District.
[1]
Editor's Note: The provisions of former § 230-8.14, Temporary moratorium on adult use marijuana establishments, added 2-15-2018 STM by Art. S1, expired 12-31-2018. See now Art. XVIII, Adult Use Marijuana Establishments.