Town of Greenwich, NY
Washington County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The following standards shall apply to the establishment or expansion of any "campground," defined here as any plot of ground upon which two or more sites are located for occupancy by seasonal rental cabins, tents, campers, trailers or other recreational vehicles for recreational, educational or vacation purposes:
A. 
The plans for the construction or expansion of any facility shall be reviewed and approved by the Planning Board under the provisions of Article IV prior to the start of construction and the occupancy of any site.
B. 
Within a campground, there shall be a minimum area of 3,500 square feet and a minimum width of 70 feet per campsite, exclusive of roadways, common facilities and open space. In no case shall the overall density of the campground be greater than one site per 5,000 square feet, inclusive of roadways, common facilities and open space.
C. 
All recreational vehicles, tents or shelters and utility and service buildings shall be set back a minimum of 100 feet from all property and street lines and set back a minimum of 75 feet from the normal high-water mark of any water body or stream.
D. 
A properly landscaped buffer area at least 50 feet in width shall be maintained along all property and street lines.
E. 
Sanitary and recreational facilities shall be located to conveniently and safely service the occupants of the facility.
F. 
The design of roads and walkways within the site must accommodate pedestrian traffic and provide pedestrian safety.
G. 
Walkways shall be designed where possible to avoid crossing roads to reach service buildings or recreation areas. Walkways in the campground shall be indicated on the plan and shall be surfaced with an all-weather, dustless material.
H. 
Roads within campgrounds shall be at least 14 feet wide for one-way roads and 20 feet wide for two-way roads. All roads shall be maintained in a well-graded, well-drained condition and surfaced with an all-weather, dustless material.
I. 
All entrance and exit roads shall intersect public roads at an angle between 80° and 90° and at a grade not to exceed 3% for the first 75 feet of the campground road.
J. 
All campgrounds shall provide the following facilities:
(1) 
Two toilets, one toilet for each sex, per 10 sites shall be provided. Toilet facilities shall be located within 700 feet of each site. Urinals shall be provided. Up to 1/2 of the male toilets may be urinals. Regardless of the number of sites in the campground, a minimum of four toilets, two toilets for each sex, shall be provided.
(2) 
Where water and sewage hookups are not provided, two lavatories or other hand-washing facilities shall be provided, one for each sex, per 15 sites.
(3) 
Where individual water hookups and sewage disposal facilities are provided, the ratio shall be two toilets and lavatories, one per sex, for every 40 sites, located within 2,000 feet of each site. Where service buildings are not provided, privies and hand-washing facilities shall be provided at a ratio of two, one per sex, for every 40 sites, located within 500 feet of each site.
(4) 
Showers, serving hot and cold or tempered water, shall be provided at all campgrounds of 75 sites or more, and four showers, two per sex, shall be provided for every 50 sites.
(5) 
Utility sinks shall be provided. The sink should be located near the door if within a building where it can be utilized for disposal of dishwater brought in buckets.
K. 
An adequate supply of water shall be provided within 250 feet of all campsites. One water spigot with soakage pit or other disposal facilities shall be provided for each 10 campsites without water facilities.
L. 
All sewage treatment facilities and water systems shall meet all requirements of the New York State Department of Health and all other local and state requirements.
M. 
Circulation.
(1) 
Pedestrian safety. The design of roads and walkways within the campground must indicate pedestrian traffic.
(2) 
Walkways shall be designed, where possible, to avoid crossing roads to reach service buildings or recreation areas. Walkways in the campground shall be indicated on the plan and shall be surfaced with an all-weather, dustless material.
A. 
Purpose. It is the purpose of this section to regulate the operation of home occupations to ensure that the home occupation remain secondary or incidental to the residential use. The right of the property owners to be free of nuisances caused by certain home occupations is recognized. Only those uses will be allowed which:
(1) 
Ensure compatibility of home occupations with other uses permitted in residential districts.
(2) 
Maintain and preserve the character of residential neighborhoods.
(3) 
Are incidental to the use of the premises as a residence.
B. 
Classification of home occupations.
(1) 
Type I home occupations will have no impact on the surrounding neighborhood and are characterized by the following criteria:
(a) 
The business has not more than one full-time equivalent employee on premises who does not reside in the home. The business may have additional employees who do not work on premises.
(b) 
The business has no customer traffic.
(c) 
There are no deliveries to or from the home occupation other than routine mail and incidental package delivery.
(d) 
No equipment is used other than normally used in household, domestic, or general office use.
(e) 
There is no visible exterior evidence of the occupation.
(2) 
Type II home occupations have the potential to have a greater impact on the surrounding neighborhood than the Type I home occupations and are characterized by the following criteria:
(a) 
The business may have up to three full-time equivalent resident employees. The business may have additional employees who do not work on premises.
(b) 
The business may have customer traffic.
(c) 
There may be deliveries to or from the home occupation in addition to routine mail and incidental package delivery.
(d) 
Equipment, other than normally used in household, domestic, or general office use, may be used.
(e) 
In addition to a sign permitted in Article VIII, there may be visible exterior evidence of the occupation such as signs, materials or equipment storage.
C. 
Standards. All home occupations shall meet the following criteria:
(1) 
Floor area. The home occupation shall not occupy more than 25% of the gross floor area of the primary residence.
(2) 
Limitations on nonresidents. The individual primarily responsible for the home occupation shall reside in the dwelling unit.
(3) 
Employees. Only one full-time equivalent resident employee, in addition to the immediate family permanently residing on the premises, shall be employed in a Type I home occupation. A Type 2 home occupation may have up to three full-time equivalent resident employees.
(4) 
Hours of operation. In no case shall a Type 2 home occupation be open to the public at times earlier than 8:00 a.m. nor later than 6:00 p.m.
(5) 
Storage. There shall be no storage of equipment, vehicles or supplies associated with the Type I home occupation outside the dwelling or accessory building.
(6) 
Signage. Type I home occupations may not have a sign. A Type 2 home occupation may have a sign in compliance with Article VIII of this chapter.
D. 
Procedures.
(1) 
Special use permit. Every Type II home occupation shall be required to obtain a special use permit in accordance with the procedures outlined in Article V. The special use permit granted to a home occupation shall not be transferable from person to person or from address to address.
(2) 
Preexisting home occupations. A home occupation lawfully in existence at the date of enactment of this chapter shall be considered grandfathered and allowed to continue. Any expansion of preexisting grandfathered home occupations shall be subject to review in accordance with the provisions of this section.
E. 
Enforcement: voiding of permit. The Code Enforcement Officer may void any special use permit for noncompliance with the criteria set forth in the chapter or for providing false statements in the special use permit application. Revocation may take place at any time prior to the expiration date of the permit. If the permit is revoked or is not renewed, it becomes null and void, and the home occupation use shall be terminated. If a permit has been revoked, the owner of the home occupation business shall not apply for another special use permit for period of one year from the date of the revocation.
F. 
Inspections. The Code Enforcement Officer shall have the right at any time, upon reasonable request, to enter and inspect the premises of the home occupation for safety and compliance purposes.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of these supplemental regulations is to promote the health, safety and general welfare of the residents of the Town of Greenwich; to provide standards for the safe provision of telecommunications consistent with applicable federal and state regulations; to minimize the total number of telecommunications towers in the community by encouraging shared use of existing and future towers and the use of existing tall buildings and other high structures; and to minimize adverse visual effects from telecommunications towers by requiring careful siting, visual impact assessment and appropriate landscaping. At all times, shared use of existing tall structures (for example, municipal water towers, multistory buildings, church steeples, farm silos, etc.) and existing or approved towers [see Subsection B(2) below], shall be preferred to the construction of new towers.
B. 
Applicability; permits required.
(1) 
No telecommunications tower, except those approved prior to the effective date of this section, shall be used unless in conformity with these regulations. No telecommunications tower shall hereafter be erected; moved, reconstructed, changed or altered unless in conformity with these regulations. No existing structure shall be modified to serve as a telecommunications tower unless in conformity with these regulations.
(2) 
[1]Applicants proposing to share use of an existing tall structure for telecommunications equipment must obtain a special permit in accordance with Subsection C below and Article V of this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B(2), regarding the need for site plan approval for the co-location of telecommunications equipment on a previously approved telecommunications tower, was repealed 12-28-2016 by L.L. No. 1-2017. This local law also provided for the renumbering of former Subsection B(3) through (5) as Subsection B(2) through (4), respectively.
(3) 
Applicants proposing to construct a new telecommunications tower must obtain both a special permit in accordance with Subsections D through T below and Article V of this chapter and site plan approval in accordance with Article IV of this chapter.
(4) 
An applicant proposing to construct a new telecommunications tower shall include in its application a representation that it has complied with the Federal Aviation Regulations, Code of Federal Regulations Part 77, Subpart C, Obstruction Standards.
C. 
Shared use of existing tall structures other than co-location on a previously approved telecommunications tower. An applicant proposing to share use of an existing tall structure other than co-location on a previously approved telecommunications tower shall be required to submit:
[Amended 12-28-2016 by L.L. No. 1-2017]
(1) 
A completed application for a special permit (see Article V).
(2) 
Documentation of intent from the owner of the existing facility to allow shared use.
(3) 
A site plan. The site plan shall show all existing and proposed structures and improvements, including antennas, roads, buildings, guy wires and anchors, parking and landscaping and shall include grading plans for new facilities and roads. Any methods used to conceal the modification of the existing facility shall be indicated on the site plan.
(4) 
An engineer's report certifying that the proposed shared use will not diminish the structural integrity and safety of the existing tall structure and explaining what modifications, if any, will be required in order to certify to the above.
(5) 
A completed State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA) environmental assessment form (EAF) and a completed visual EAF addendum.
(6) 
A copy of its Federal Communications Commission (FCC) license.
D. 
If an applicant proposing to share use of an existing tall structure submits complete and satisfactory documentation in accordance with Subsection C(1) above and if modifications indicated according to Subsection C(1) are deemed insignificant by the Planning Board and after the Planning Board conducts a public hearing and complies with all SEQRA provisions and if the Board determines that the use is consistent with the standards for issuance of a special permit set forth in Article V, the Board may grant a special permit without further review under this section. If the Planning Board determines that any modifications indicated according to Subsection C(1) are significant, the Board may also require the applicant to provide the additional information and meet some or all of the requirements as set forth in Subsections H through T below.
E. 
New telecommunications tower. The Board may consider a new telecommunications tower when the applicant demonstrates that shared use of existing tall structures and existing or approved towers is impractical. An applicant shall be required to present an adequate report inventorying all existing tall structures and existing or approved towers within a reasonable distance of the proposed site. This distance shall be determined by the Board in consultation with the applicant. The report shall outline opportunities for shared use of these existing facilities as an alternative to a proposed new tower. The report shall demonstrate good faith efforts to secure shared use from the owner of each existing tall structure and existing or approved tower as well as documentation of the physical, technical and/or financial reasons why shared usage is not practical in each case. Written requests and responses for shared use shall be provided.
F. 
Shared usage of an existing tower site for placement of a new tower. Where shared use of existing tall structures and existing or approved towers is found to be impractical, the applicant shall investigate shared usage of an existing tower site for the ability to accommodate a new tower and accessory uses. Documentation and conditions shall be in accordance with Subsection D above. Any proposals for a new telecommunications tower on an existing tower site shall also be subject to the requirements of Subsections H through T below.
G. 
New tower at a new location. The Board may consider a new telecommunications tower on a site not previously developed with an existing tower when the applicant demonstrates that shared use of existing tall structures and existing or approved towers is impractical and submits a report as described in Subsection D above and when the Board determines that shared use of an existing tower site for a new tower is undesirable based upon the applicant's investigation in accordance with Subsection E. Any proposal for a new telecommunications tower shall also be subject to the requirements of Subsections H through T below.
H. 
New towers; future shared use. The applicant shall design a proposed new telecommunications tower to accommodate future demand for reception and transmitting facilities. The applicant shall submit to the Planning Board a letter of intent committing the owner of the proposed new tower and his/her successors in interest to negotiate, in good faith, for shared use of the proposed tower by other telecommunications providers in the future. This letter shall be filed with the Code Enforcement Officer prior to issuance of a building permit. Failure to abide by the conditions outlined in the letter may be grounds for revocation of the special permit. The letter shall commit the new tower owner and his/her successors in interest to:
(1) 
Respond within 90 days to a request for information from a potential shared-use applicant.
(2) 
Negotiate, in good faith, concerning future requests for shared use of the new tower by other telecommunications providers.
(3) 
Allow shared use of the new tower if another telecommunications provider agrees, in writing, to pay reasonable charges. The charge may include, but is not limited to, a pro rata share of the cost of site selection, planning, project administration, land costs, site design, construction and maintenance financing, return on equity and depreciation and all of the costs of adapting the tower or equipment to accommodate a shared user without causing electromagnetic interference.
I. 
Site plan review; submission requirements.
(1) 
An applicant shall be required to submit a site plan in accordance with Article IV of this chapter. The site plan shall show all existing and proposed structures and improvements, including roads, buildings, tower(s), guy wire and anchors, antennas, parking and landscaping and shall include grading plans for new facilities and roads.
(2) 
Supporting documentation. The applicant shall submit a complete SEQRA EAF, a complete SEQRA visual EAF addendum and documentation on the proposed intent and capacity of use as well as a justification for the height of any tower and justification for any clearing required. The applicant shall also submit a copy of its Federal Communications Commission (FCC) license.
J. 
Lot size and setbacks. All proposed telecommunications towers and accessory structures shall be located on a single parcel and shall be set back from abutting parcels and street lines a distance sufficient to substantially contain on site all icefall or debris from tower failure and preserve the privacy of any adjoining residential properties.
(1) 
Lot size of parcels containing a tower shall be determined by the amount of land required to meet the setback requirements. If land is to be leased, the entire area required shall be leased from a single parcel unless the Planning Board determines that this provision may be waived.
(2) 
Telecommunications towers shall comply with all existing setback requirements of the underlying zoning district or shall be located with a minimum setback from any property line equal to 1.5 times the height of the tower, whichever is greater. Accessory structures shall comply with the minimum setback requirements in the underlying zoning district.
K. 
Visual impact assessment. In addition to the SEQRA visual EAF addendum, the Planning Board may require the applicant to undertake a visual impact assessment which may include:
(1) 
A zone of visibility map in order to determine locations where the tower may be seen.
(2) 
Pictorial representations of before and after views from key viewpoints both inside and outside of the Town, including but not limited to state highways and other major roads, state and local parks, other public lands, preserves and historic sites normally open to the public, and from any other location where the site is visible to a large number of visitors or travelers. The Board shall determine the appropriate key sites at a presubmission conference with the applicant.
(3) 
Assessment of alternative tower designs and color schemes, as described in Subsection L below.
(4) 
Assessment of the visual impact of the tower base, guy wires, accessory buildings and overhead utility lines from abutting properties and streets.
L. 
New tower design. Alternative designs shall be considered for new towers, including lattice and single-pole structures and the use of stealth designs. The design of a proposed new tower shall comply with the following:
(1) 
Any new tower shall be designed to accommodate future shared use by other telecommunications providers.
(2) 
Unless specifically required by other regulations, a tower shall have a finish (either painted or unpainted) that minimizes its degree of visual impact.
(3) 
The maximum height of any new tower shall not exceed that which will permit operation without artificial lighting of any kind or nature in accordance with municipal, state and/or federal law and/or regulation. The Planning Board, at its discretion, may modify this requirement if the applicant can justify the need to exceed this height limitation.
(4) 
The Planning Board may request a review of the application by a qualified engineer in order to evaluate the need for and the design of any new tower. The cost of this review shall be borne by the applicant.
(5) 
Accessory structures shall maximize the use of building materials, colors and textures designed to blend with the natural surroundings.
(6) 
No portion of any tower or accessory structure shall be used for a sign or other advertising purpose, including but not limited to company name, phone numbers, banners and streamers.
(7) 
The Planning Board may require the use of stealth designs such as simulated silos or trees.
M. 
Existing vegetation. Existing on-site vegetation shall be preserved to the maximum extent possible. No cutting of trees exceeding four inches in diameter (measured at a height of four feet off the ground) shall take place prior to the approval of the special permit.
N. 
Screening. Deciduous or evergreen tree plantings may be required to screen portions of the tower and accessory structures from nearby residential property as well as from public sites known to include important views or vistas. Where a site abuts a residential property or public property, including streets, screening shall be required.
O. 
Access. Adequate emergency and service access shall be provided. Maximum use of existing roads, public or private, shall be made. Road construction shall, at all times, minimize ground disturbance and vegetation cutting to within the toe of fill, the top of cuts or no more than 10 feet beyond the edge of any pavement. Road grades shall closely follow natural contours to assure minimal visual disturbances and reduce soil erosion potential.
P. 
Parking. Parking shall be provided to assure adequate emergency and service access. The Planning Board shall determine the number of required spaces based upon a recommendation from the applicant. No parking spaces shall be located in any required yard setback.
Q. 
Fencing. The tower and any accessory structures shall be adequately enclosed by a fence, design of which shall be approved by the Planning Board. This requirement may be waived by the Planning Board if the applicant demonstrates that such measures are unnecessary to ensure the security of the facility.
R. 
Removal. The applicant shall submit to the Planning Board a letter of intent committing the tower owner and his/her successors in interest to notify the Code Enforcement Officer within 30 days of the discontinuance of use of the tower. This letter shall be filed with the Code Enforcement Officer prior to issuance of a building permit (assuming the telecommunications tower is approved according to this section). Obsolete or unused towers and accessory structures shall be removed from any site within four months of such notification. Failure to notify and/or to remove the obsolete or unused tower in accordance with these regulations shall be a violation of this chapter and shall be punishable according to § 190-92, Penalties for offenses, of this chapter.
S. 
Intermunicipal notification for new towers. In order to keep neighboring municipalities informed and to facilitate the possibility of directing that an existing tall structure or existing telecommunications tower in a neighboring municipality be considered for shared use and to assist in the continued development of county 911 services, the Planning Board shall require that:
(1) 
An applicant who proposes a new telecommunications tower shall notify, in writing, the legislative body of each municipality that borders the Town of Greenwich, the Washington County Planning Board and the Director of Washington County Emergency Services. Notification shall include the exact location of the proposed tower and a general description of the project, including, but not limited to, the height of the tower and its capacity for future shared uses.
(2) 
Documentation of this notification shall be submitted to the Planning Board at the time of application.
T. 
Notification of nearby landowners. The applicant shall be required to mail notice of the public hearing directly to all landowners whose property is located within 500 feet of the property line of the parcel on which a new tower is proposed. Notice shall also be mailed to the administrator of any state or federal parklands from which the proposed tower would be visible if constructed. Notification, in all cases, shall be made by certified mail. Documentation of this notification shall be submitted to the Planning Board.
A. 
Purpose and intent. It is the purpose of this section to prevent the clearing and grading of lots except in association with an approved site plan.
B. 
Application. Within any five-year time period, land clearing and grading are limited to the following maximums, without obtaining site plan approval, except for the exceptions noted in Subsection D below:
(1) 
C, R and HMU Districts: one acre.
(2) 
RA and I Districts: two acres.
C. 
Any person proposing to clear cut and/or grade more than these totals must follow the procedures for and obtain site plan approval in accordance with Article IV, Site Plan Review, of this chapter. These activities may be subject to additional requirements of other regulating agencies.
D. 
This regulation does not apply to bona fide forestry use or agricultural activities.
The following standards shall apply to all self storage units.
A. 
Vegetative buffering and/or fencing shall be provided along any road frontage and adjacent properties where determined necessary by the Planning Board. Fencing adjacent to the street shall be a decorative type.
B. 
Lighting shall be designed consistent with the standards in § 190-39.
C. 
Buildings shall be sited perpendicular to the road so that only the end unit faces the road.
D. 
The building shall be designed so that it is in harmony with the appearance of the surrounding neighborhood. A false facade or roof shall be used for end units facing the roadway.
E. 
The storage of flammable liquids, explosives, hazardous chemicals, radioactive wastes, pets or animals or illegal substances is prohibited.
F. 
Hours of access shall be specified by the Planning Board in keeping with the character of the surrounding neighborhood.
A. 
No adult use may be located:
(1) 
Within 1,000 feet of another adult use.
(2) 
Within 1,000 feet of the property line of a school, religious use, public park, public or private recreation facility, community center or other public facility, designated historic district or designated historic site.
B. 
Not more than one activity constituting an adult-oriented business shall be permitted within a single building or on a single lot.
C. 
No adult-oriented business shall be permitted as a home occupation or in any building also used for residential purposes.
D. 
No adult-oriented business shall exceed 5,000 square feet in total floor area.
E. 
No motion picture display shall be visible outside the premises of the structure in which the adult use is located.
F. 
Adult use establishments shall be properly screened from adjacent properties through the use of fences, walls, landscaping or other means.
G. 
The exterior appearance of a building containing adult uses shall be consistent with the character of surrounding structures and shall not detract from the appearance of the neighborhood.
[Amended 9-6-2012 by L.L. No. 3-2012]
Accessory structures less than 120 square feet in size do not need to comply with the setback standards of this chapter. Accessory structures greater than 120 square feet in size must comply with the setback standards of this chapter. If the principal building or use to which the structure is accessory would require site plan review or a special use permit under this chapter, then the accessory structure requires such review.
A. 
No structure, other than a marina, may be located within 100 feet of the mean high water mark of the Hudson and Battenkill Rivers.
B. 
No existing vegetation may be cut within 35 feet of the river's edge, except that a path 12 feet in width may be cut on each lot through the existing low-growing vegetation.
C. 
Low-growing vegetation may be cut between 35 feet and 65 feet of the river's edge.
D. 
Dead or diseased trees may be removed within 65 feet of the river's edge if they present health or safety concerns.
E. 
All distances specified in the river's edge specifications are measured horizontally.
A. 
Pursuant to NYCRR Part 617.14(g), the Rural Agricultural District of the Town of Greenwich and all lands within 100 feet of the top of the bank of the Hudson and Battenkill Rivers are hereby designated a critical environmental area (CEA) for the following reasons:
(1) 
They contain agricultural and open space resources important to the character of the Town. Maintenance of these resources is a critical goal of the Town of Greenwich Comprehensive Plan.
(2) 
They contain areas of important scenic and aesthetic quality whose preservation is important to the Town. Impairment of these qualities may adversely affect the Town.
(3) 
They contain important natural resources such as wetlands, forests and wildlife habitat, the maintenance of which is important to the ecological and social quality of life of the Town.
(4) 
The preservation not only of agricultural and open space but also the social and cultural character of the area is critical to maintaining Greenwich as a rural community, a primary goal of the Town's Comprehensive Plan.
B. 
Pursuant to NYCRR Parts 617.4(a)(2) and 617.14(e), the Town of Greenwich hereby declares that any subdivision of five or more lots anywhere in Town is a Type 1 action and shall be reviewed as such.
A. 
In order to limit impacts to schools and community services, no more than five building permits may be issued per year for any individual subdivision. The Planning Board, may, at the time of final approval, designate a mechanism for assignment of building permits within a subdivision.
B. 
Within the Rural Agricultural District, the three-hundred-foot frontage requirement in the Area Table[1] does not apply, provided that no more than four lots are being subdivided and all of which have access to a public, Town, county or state highway, from a parcel from the date of enactment of this chapter. For purposes of this section, parcels that are contiguous and in the same ownership at the time of enactment of this chapter shall be considered to be a single parcel for all subsequent subdivisions.
[1]
Editor's Note: Table 2, Area Requirements, is included at the end of this chapter.
C. 
All lots fronting on new roads in the Rural Agricultural District built after the date of enactment of this chapter shall be required to have 300 feet of road frontage regardless of whether or not they are the first four lots subdivided from a parcel.
D. 
Any major subdivision in the Rural Agricultural District shall require 300 feet of road frontage for every lot, regardless of whether or not they are the first four lots subdivided from a parcel.
E. 
Lots in clustered subdivisions in all districts are exempt from the road frontage requirement.
The following standards shall apply to all private driveways in the Town of Greenwich.
A. 
Private driveway grades shall not exceed 12%.
B. 
Private driveway grades shall not exceed 3% within 100 feet of the intersection with a public roadway.
C. 
Adequately designed road culverts are to be installed at all driveways that connect to a public road. Culverts must be at least 30 feet long and shall be no less than 12 inches in diameter and shall be constructed of HDPE pipe.
D. 
There shall be no obstruction such as mailboxes, markers, stones or parked vehicles within three feet of the edge of the public roadway.
E. 
Driveways in excess of 500 feet must be accessible to and able to hold a fifty-thousand pound, thirty-foot-long vehicle, as determined by a licensed engineer, with facilities for turning around within 100 feet of any structure.
F. 
Shared driveways shall be allowed at the discretion of the Planning Board. In determining whether to allow shared driveways, the Planning Board shall consider whether doing so would result in better use of the land and would further the purposes of the Comprehensive Plan and this Zoning Ordinance. For any lots that propose to utilize a shared driveway, an agreement between landowners addressing access and shared maintenance responsibilities shall be provided to the Town and shall be executed by the landowners prior to any building permit being issued. The agreement shall be effective in perpetuity.
A. 
Any junkyard shall be completely enclosed with an opaque fence such that the junkyard is not visible, except for operations for ingress and egress. Such fence shall be at least six feet high. There shall be no storage of material outside the fence. If, due to topographic or other considerations, the junkyard is visible from other properties with the fence in place, the Planning Board may require such other screening measures as it deems appropriate.
B. 
All junkyards shall be required to renew their special use permit annually.
C. 
Any junkyard in existence as of the date of enactment of this chapter shall be required to comply with this chapter and obtain a special use permit within one year of enactment of this chapter.
[Added 9-6-2012 by L.L. No. 3-2012]
The keeping of more than five junk vehicles or more than 10 trailers or storage containers on a property shall require a special use permit pursuant to Article V of this chapter.
[Added 9-6-2012 by L.L. No. 3-2012]
A. 
Except as provided in Subsection B, no occupied travel trailer shall be parked or otherwise placed within the Town of Greenwich unless such travel trailer is parked or placed in an approved campground (see § 190-62).
B. 
Temporary occupancy of a travel trailer in the Town of Greenwich outside of a campground for more than 14 consecutive days or more than 30 days per year shall require a certificate of occupancy to assure that adequate health and safety standards are met. To obtain a certificate of occupancy for a travel trailer, the applicant must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Code Enforcement Officer that there is a sanitary and adequate means of wastewater disposal as well as a safe and adequate supply of drinking water. Under no circumstances may a travel trailer be occupied outside a campground more than 60 days a year.
[Added 12-28-2016 by L.L. No. 1-2017]
A. 
Solar as an accessory use or structure.
(1) 
Roof-mounted solar energy systems.
(a) 
Roof-mounted solar energy systems that use the electricity on-site or off-site are permitted as an accessory use in all zoning districts when attached to any lawfully permitted building or structure. No site plan or special use permit review is required for a roof-mounted solar energy system installed as an accessory use.
(b) 
Roof-mounted solar energy systems shall not exceed the maximum height restrictions of the zoning district in which they are located and are permitted the same height exemptions granted to building-mounted mechanical equipment.
(2) 
Ground-mounted solar energy systems.
(a) 
Ground-mounted solar energy systems that use the electricity primarily on-site are permitted as accessory structures in all districts. No site plan or special use permit review is required for a ground-mounted solar energy system installed as an accessory use.
(b) 
Ground-mounted solar energy systems shall adhere to the height, setback and lot coverage requirements of the underlying zoning district in which they are located.
(c) 
In all districts ground-mounted solar energy systems shall be installed in side or rear yards. The Code Enforcement Officer, at his or her discretion, may require that ground-mounted solar energy systems be screened from adjoining properties. The Code Enforcement Officer may require that such screening be installed within one year of the date of installation of the system.
(3) 
Approval standards for large-scale solar systems as a special use.
(a) 
No more than 20% of a large-scale solar system, and the access roads and infrastructure related thereto, may be underlain by prime, unique or important farmland as classified by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets.
(b) 
No solar array shall be installed until evidence has been provided to the Code Enforcement Officer that the owner has submitted notification to the utility company of the customer’s intent to install an interconnected customer-owned generator.
(c) 
Equipment specification sheets shall be submitted for all photovoltaic panels, significant components, mounting systems, and inverters proposed to be installed.
(d) 
The applicant shall submit a plan for the operation and maintenance of the solar array, which shall include measures for maintaining safe access to the installation, measures for managing vegetation growth, and general procedures for operation and maintenance of the system.
(e) 
Lighting shall be limited to that required for safety and operational purposes and shall be reasonably shielded from abutting properties. Lighting shall be directed downwards unless determined infeasible by the Planning Board and shall incorporate full cut-off fixtures to reduce light pollution.
(f) 
A copy of the plans shall be provided to the local fire chief. All means of shutting down the solar array shall be clearly marked.
(g) 
Visual impacts shall be minimized by preserving natural vegetation, screening abutting properties and roadways and other means as determined necessary by the Planning Board.
(h) 
The Planning Board may, at its discretion, require that the facility be enclosed by fencing to prevent unauthorized access. The type of fencing, if required, will be determined by the Planning Board.
(i) 
Signage shall be provided warning against unauthorized access and providing the owner’s contact information.
(j) 
To ensure the proper removal of large-scale solar energy systems, a decommissioning plan shall be submitted as part of the application. Compliance with this plan shall be made a condition of the issuance of a special use permit under this section. The decommissioning plan must specify that after the large-scale solar energy system can no longer be used, it shall be removed by the applicant or any subsequent owner. The plan shall demonstrate how the removal of all infrastructure and the remediation of soil and vegetation shall be conducted to return the parcel to its original state prior to construction. The plan shall include an expected timeline for execution. A cost estimate detailing the projected cost of executing the decommissioning plan shall be prepared by a licensed professional engineer. Cost estimations shall take into account inflation. Removal of large-scale solar energy systems must be completed in accordance with the decommissioning plan.
(k) 
A performance bond or other financial surety suitable to the Town Board shall be assigned to the Town of Greenwich for decommissioning purposes.
(l) 
All large-scale solar systems must enter into a payment in lieu of taxes agreement with the Greenwich Town Board. Evidence of such agreement must be provided to the Planning Board prior to granting of approval.
(4) 
Abandonment. Solar energy systems are considered abandoned after one year without electrical energy generation and must be removed from the property. An extension from the Planning Board may be applied for using the procedures in Article V.