Village of Great Neck Plaza, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 225-84 General regulations. [1]

The following general regulations shall apply in all districts:
A. 
Off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided and satisfactorily maintained as a permitted accessory use to all uses of buildings, structures and lots or portions thereof which are hereafter erected, enlarged, altered or converted by a change of use. The minimum number of spaces required is specified, by type of use, in § 225-86 of this article or by the Board of Trustees pursuant to § 225-85D of this article.
[Amended 3-2-1994 by L.L. No. 5-1994]
B. 
All parking spaces provided pursuant to this chapter shall be on the same lot as the building unless approval for their location elsewhere is granted by the Board of Trustees as provided for in § 225-88.
C. 
Parking spaces shall be of hard-surface paving of either asphalt or concrete, according to the specifications of the Building Department, and shall provide drainage so that surface waters do not flow into the public streets, the municipal storm drainage systems or upon adjacent properties or sanitary sewer systems.
D. 
A garage may be used to meet the requirements of this article. A driveway may only be used to meet the requirements of this article where it serves a single-family or two-family dwelling or clustered single-family housing.
[Amended 5-15-1996 by L.L. No. 2-1996]
E. 
Except in the case of a specialized senior housing facility for the elderly, where parking facilities are provided pursuant to this article in the amount of 40 spaces or less, at least one space shall be reserved for the physically handicapped, and for parking in the amount greater than 40 spaces, one space for every 40 additional spaces or fraction thereof up to a maximum of 10 spaces shall be reserved for the physically handicapped. However, when a specialized senior housing facility is authorized as a conditional use within the C-2 District, at least 8% of all required spaces as set forth in § 225-86 of this article shall be reserved for the physically handicapped. Geometric design standards for such spaces are stipulated in § 225-89 of this article.
[Amended 5-7-1997 by L.L. No. 5-1997]
F. 
All required parking for apartment buildings shall be in a below-grade parking structure, the roof of which shall be below the average established curb grade of the lot on which it is situated, except where the Board of Trustees has determined that because of the size and configuration of the lot; access and egress provisions; number, size and location of curb cuts; or trees or plantings to be preserved, there is no way to provide all parking underground.
G. 
Where off-street parking spaces, loading areas and/or refuse collection areas are provided pursuant to this chapter, the applicant shall submit for review by the Building Department and Village Engineer and for approval by the Board of Trustees a scale drawing of the parking layout (if provided) and a traffic circulation (ingress/egress) plan including entrance and exit ramps, refuse collection area and loading area for deliveries and service-related vehicular trips. The plan(s) will be reviewed and approved with respect to the following:
(1) 
Size and configuration of spaces.
(2) 
Geometric design standards stipulated in § 225-89 of this article.
(3) 
Architectural control standards stipulated in § 225-90 of this article.
(4) 
Relationship of proposed curb cut and existing curb cuts and street lines.
(5) 
Any other safeguards proper to promote the health, safety and general welfare of the residents of the Village.
H. 
Ramps for loading areas and refuse collection areas. Entrance and exit ramps which serve loading and refuse collection areas shall be a minimum of 14 feet wide, with a maximum grade of 10%.
I. 
A below-grade garage used to meet the parking requirements of this article for any building within the Village may not extend beyond the building footprint of such building.
[Added 12-15-1999 by L.L. No. 12-1999]
J. 
No vehicle shall be stored, parked or left stopped or standing for any period of time on any portion of private property in the Village which is used in whole or in part for residential purposes unless it is:
[Added 12-3-2008 by L.L. No. 5-2008]
(1) 
On a legal and properly approved driveway;
(2) 
In a legal and properly approved garage; or
(3) 
In any area otherwise approved for such use by a legal and properly approved site plan.
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Section 1, entitled "Definitions," which immediately preceded this section, was deleted 6-19-1996 by L.L. No. 4-1996. For current definitions. See § 225-2.

§ 225-85 Method of determining off-street parking space requirements.

A. 
The requirement for a single use (e.g., a multiple-family dwelling or a retail store) shall be determined directly from the schedule of such requirements contained in § 225-86 of this article.
B. 
The requirement for a combination use made up of several component uses (e.g., a restaurant and a bar; or a retail store combined with a commercial office building) shall be determined by establishing the requirement for each component use from the schedule in § 225-86 and adding them together, except in the case of combined uses classified as a shopping center according to this article in which there is a separate requirement established for this use. If the applicant can clearly demonstrate that the various component uses would not be operated simultaneously, the Board of Trustees may permit a reduction in the number of required parking spaces to the number associated with the use having the highest parking demand.
C. 
When the required number of spaces is determined to result in a fraction, it shall be increased to the next whole number.
D. 
If the use is not specifically listed in the schedule of such requirements in § 225-86, reasonable and appropriate off-street parking requirements shall be determined by the Board of Trustees upon consideration of all factors entering into the parking needs of each such use.

§ 225-86 Schedule of off-street parking space requirements.

For each of the following uses permitted in a district, the required number of parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with standards established in this section and any other requirements of this article:
Uses
Minimum Number of Spaces Required
Single-family dwelling
2 per unit
Clustered single-family housing
[Added 5-15-1996 by L.L. No. 2-1996]
2 per each family dwelling
Multiple-family dwelling
1.5 per unit (studio)
1.5 per unit (1-bedroom)
1.75 per unit (2-bedroom)
2.0 per unit (3-bedroom and larger)
Publicly assisted senior citizen multiple dwelling
.33 per unit
Professional office in residence and/or including medical arts buildings
6.7 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area or 5 per physician or dentist, whichever is greater
Residential health care facilities
1.2 per bed
Utility company office
2.9 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Commercial office
1 per 235 square feet gross floor area
Commercial retail
4.0 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Bank, savings-and-loan associations, excluding drive-in facilities
5.4 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Bowling alley
2 per alley
Funeral home
1 per 40 square feet of public room floor area
Automobile sales lots
1.2 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Tennis clubs
1 per 200 square feet gross floor area plus 3 per court
Shopping center, as defined in § 225-2
5.0 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Hotel, motel
1 per room plus .5 per employee
Theater, auditorium, museum, church or other public place of assembly
.3 per seat
Elementary and junior high school
1 per classroom
Senior high school
.2 per student plus 1.0 per staff
College
.5 per student
Library
4.1 per 1,000 square feet gross floor area
Specialized senior housing facility
[Added 5-7-1997 by L.L. No. 5-1997]
.5 spaces per dwelling unit

§ 225-87 Noncomplying parking.

[Amended 1-3-1990 by L.L. No. 1-1990; 5-2-1994 by L.L. No. 5-1994]
A. 
"Noncomplying parking" means the parking for any existing building, structure, lot or use or portion thereof which does not conform to the requirements for parking set forth in this chapter.
B. 
Nothing in this article shall be deemed to prevent normal maintenance, repair or structural alteration of a building or structure or portion thereof, provided that such action does not increase the degree of noncompliance with the parking standards or create any new nonconformity with respect to the regulations pertaining to such buildings. A building or structure with noncomplying parking may be enlarged or extended, only if parking spaces are provided for said enlargement or extension, to the standards set forth in this Article. No existing parking may be counted as meeting this requirement unless it exceeds the requirements for the original building or structure, and then only that excess portion may be counted.
C. 
When a change of use is proposed for buildings, structures or lots or portions thereof with noncomplying parking, the following criteria shall apply:
(1) 
A building, structure, lot or portion thereof devoted to use as an area of public assembly as of the effective date of this chapter may not be changed to any other use unless on-site parking is provided in the number required by the provisions of § 225-86 of this Article or, if none is therein specified, as set by the Board of Trustees pursuant to § 225-85D of this Article.
(2) 
A building, structure, lot or portion thereof devoted to a use other than as an area of public assembly may be changed to another permitted or conditional use, provided that such action does not increase the degree of noncompliance with the parking standards or create any new conformity with respect to the regulations pertaining to such building, lot or structure.

§ 225-88 Waiver and additional requirements.

A. 
Where the Board of Trustees shall determine that a proposed land use, building or structure is adequately served by existing or proposed public parking facilities as a matter of public policy, the off-street parking space requirements stipulated in this Article may be waived/reduced by the Board of Trustees within the Business District.
B. 
Where the Board of Trustees shall determine that the required parking spaces cannot be provided for on the same lot as the use, the Board of Trustees may permit off-street parking spaces provided at another location to fulfill the requirements of this Article, provided that such other location is no more than a distance of 500 feet from the use.
C. 
Where special circumstances exist, such as certain conditional uses, additional off-street parking spaces in excess of the amount stipulated in § 225-86 may be required as determined by the Board of Trustees.
D. 
No additions or deletions of parking spaces existing on any lot as of the effective date of this chapter may be made without obtaining a conditional use permit from the Board of Trustees.

§ 225-89 Geometric design standards.

A. 
Location of access to the street. Entrances and exits to permitted off-street parking space and loading area shall not be located within 50 feet of the intersection of any two street lines or within 50 feet of an adjacent curb cut. However, curb cuts located within 50 feet of the intersection of two street lines or adjacent curb cuts may be permitted if the Village Engineer certifies that such location is not hazardous to traffic safety, not likely to create traffic congestion and will not unduly inhibit surface traffic or pedestrian flow.
B. 
Provision of reservoir storage area. Attendant-operated off-street parking facilities shall provide adequate reservoir space at the vehicular entrance to accommodate vehicles equivalent in number to 20% of the total number of spaces up to 50 and 5% of any spaces in excess of 200 spaces, but in no event shall such reservoir spaces be required for more than 50 vehicles. However, in the case of a facility with a capacity of 10 vehicles or fewer, the Board of Trustees may waive this finding. The amount and location of reservoir space required for parking facilities which charge a fee for parking, but permit drivers to park their own vehicles, shall be determined on a case-by-case basis requiring the applicant to provide sufficient information regarding access/egress routings, vehicular arrival rates expected at the facility, vehicular and pedestrian traffic flows on adjacent street and any other material deemed necessary by the Village Engineer. Required reservoir spaces shall be designated on the site plan of the facility, reviewed by the Village Engineer and approved by the Board of Trustees.
C. 
Parking dimensions and layout. Minimum parking stall dimensions in off-street parking facilities shall be 8.5 by 18 feet for standard-sized automobiles and 7.5 by 15.0 feet for compact-sized automobiles. Entrance and exit ramps shall be at least 14 feet wide, with a maximum grade of 10% in self-park facilities and a maximum grade of 15% in attendant-operated facilities. Vertical clearance on ramps and within parking facilities shall be a minimum of seven feet. Aisle widths for standard-sized automobile stalls (8.5 feet wide) shall be a minimum of 13 feet (forty-five-degree-angle parking), 18 feet (sixty-degree-angle parking), 22 feet (seventy-five-degree-angle parking) or 24 feet (ninety-degree-angle parking).
D. 
Compact-sized automobile stalls. In the event that a parking layout plan contains provisions for compact-sized automobiles, the number of such spaces shall not exceed 20% of the total number of spaces and shall be clearly designated for use by compact automobiles only. Where possible, compact spaces shall be grouped together in a single section or area of the facility, and such area will be designated for compact automobiles only.
E. 
Handicapped parking. Parking stalls provided for handicapped persons shall be 9 feet by 18.5 feet and separated from each other and from other adjacent stalls by a four-foot-wide striped area. Standard signs with handicapped symbol, mounted at least four feet high, shall be placed on the curb area in the center of each of the nine-foot-wide stalls. Where possible, handicap stalls shall be located immediately adjacent to the exit from the facility; alternative locations must be approved by the Board of Trustees and shall be designed to minimize travel paths within the facility and minimize the need for travel behind other parked vehicles.
F. 
Tandem spaces. In the event that the required number of off-street parking spaces for new residential buildings pursuant to this Article are provided with a combination of single and tandem (two stalls totaling 8.5 feet by 37 feet, with an aisle at any one end) spaces, the applicant shall document that the number of tandem spaces does not exceed the expected number of two-car households which would utilize them. Tandem spaces shall not be permitted for nonresidential developments except as provided by the Board of Trustees.
G. 
Site plan. The applicant shall submit a site plan drawn to scale with dimensions for review by the Building Inspector which incorporates the requirements in § 225-84G of this Article. The site plan shall show the overall layout of the facility including the identification of walls, foundations, support columns, other structural elements affecting circulation patterns and direction of travel on ramps and aisles and gradients on ramps and aisles.

§ 225-89.1 Automated garages.

[Added 2-15-2017 by L.L. No. 1-2017]
A. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AUTOMATED GARAGE
An off-street parking facility, ancillary to an approved and lawful use of a building, where vehicular storage and retrieval within such facility is accomplished entirely through a mechanical conveyance system. A parking facility with parking lift systems that requires an attendant to maneuver a vehicle that is to be parked shall not be considered an automated garage. However, a parking facility may qualify as an automated garage notwithstanding the presence of an attendant for the purposes of monitoring the mechanical conveyance system or remedying any problems that occur in its operation.
BOARD
The Village Board of Trustees.
TRANSFER CABIN
That component of the automated garage which transports a vehicle from the dropoff/pickup area to the storage area.
B. 
Approval by Board of Trustees.
(1) 
No automated garage may be installed or operated in the Village except after express approval by the Village Board which may be granted by special permit or ancillary to another application, including but not limited to an application for a permit of compliance, conditional use permit or site plan. Such approval must be obtained even if the automated garage complies with all other provisions in the Village Code relating to off-street parking garages and even if some of the off-street parking spaces required for the building under the Village Code are provided by parking spaces apart from those in the automated garage.
(2) 
Automated garages may be approved by the Board in connection with any residential building in the Village which does not contain any retail or commercial uses and which contains a total of at least six residential units.
C. 
Applications for approval. Applications for approval to install and operate an automated garage in a building shall contain all information and shall be accompanied by all documents deemed necessary by the Board to evaluate the proposed automated garage and to address those factors listed below in Subsection D(2), including but not limited to the following:
(1) 
Design, engineering and operational plans for the automated garage;
(2) 
Description of the safety features of the automated garage; and
(3) 
Information and documents relating to the companies that have designed and manufactured and that will install and maintain the automated garage, including but not limited to:
(a) 
The history of such companies;
(b) 
A detailed description of the business of such companies;
(c) 
The financial condition of such companies;
(d) 
Contact information for such companies and their relevant employees;
(e) 
A description of all proceedings, lawsuits and other proceedings relating to each such company's installation and/or design of automated garages;
(f) 
Previous years' records showing historical downtimes for a comparable system of automated garage by said companies in the United States; and
(g) 
Historical and theoretical throughput figures for comparable systems of automated garages by said companies in the United States.
D. 
Conditions for approval.
(1) 
In granting its approval for an automated garage, the Board of Trustees shall have the authority to waive the geometric design standards set forth in § 225-89 and the architectural control standards set forth in § 225-90.
(2) 
In granting its approval for an automated garage, the Board of Trustees shall consider and shall impose conditions addressing, among others, the following issues:
(a) 
The length and kind of warranty necessary;
(b) 
The amount and kind of insurance necessary, which shall include but not be limited to boiler and machinery insurance in an amount equalling or exceeding the cost of the system and covering mechanical breakdowns;
(c) 
A specification of the categories of persons who may use the automated garage;
(d) 
The hours of operation;
(e) 
If and how users of the automated garage will be charged;
(f) 
How spaces in the automated garage will be allocated among potential users;
(g) 
Lighting;
(h) 
Reservoir areas;
(i) 
Backup systems;
(j) 
Retrieval times;
(k) 
Maintenance companies and maintenance procedures;
(l) 
Necessary signage;
(m) 
The hours and availability of on-call help, both on site and off site; and
(n) 
The training of on-site and off-site personnel who can promptly address problems that may arise in the operation of the automated garage.
(3) 
Parking spaces.
(a) 
Parking spaces in an automated garage shall not be leased or subleased to persons or entities who are not legal tenants of the building where the automated garage is located.
(b) 
Parking spaces in an automated garage may be used only by the following persons:
[1] 
Residents of the building where the automated garage is located; and
[2] 
Guests and employees of residents of the building where the automated garage is located, with the resident's permission, provided that:
[a] 
There is an attendant physically present at the pickup/dropoff area of the automated garage who can assist the guest or employee in utilizing the automated garage; or
[b] 
The vehicle is picked up or dropped off in the automated arage by the resident rather than the guest or employee of the resident.
(c) 
The parking spaces in an automated garage shall not be made available for use by the general public.
[1] 
An automated garage may only be located in a fully enclosed below-grade structure.
[2] 
The transfer cabin of the automated garage must be designed in such a way that it is easy to enter and demands no special driving skills and so that vehicles will enter into and exit from the transfer cabins by driving in a forward direction. Technical facilities must be provided outside of the transfer cabin so that the user can confirm that the vehicle is correctly positioned and transferred for storage.
[3] 
Adequate signage and notices must be posted in the dropoff/pickup area of the automated garage to explain to users the various steps for entering, leaving and utilizing the automated garage. Optical and/or mechanical drive-in aids, as necessary, must be provided to facilitate use of the automated garage. Such signage shall be clearly labeled, highly visible and, in the discretion of the Board, may be required to be provided in languages other than English, depending on the languages anticipated to be used by most residents of the building.
[4] 
There shall be adequate monitoring to ensure that there are no persons outside of the vehicle in the transfer cabin before actuation of the automatic transport process. Instructions shall be given to the user that persons and animals may not be left in the vehicle while it is being parked.
[5] 
Suitable measures must be in place to avoid failures of the automated garage as far as possible, and to remedy any failures within a reasonable period of time. Such measures shall include, but not be limited to, regular maintenance by qualified personnel; the adequate reservation of spare parts; and adequate backup power and computer systems.
[6] 
Requirements for attendant presence.
[a] 
For a period of at least three months after an automated garage commences operation, and for such longer period as determined to be necessary by the Board, there must be an attendant physically present at the pickup/dropoff area of the automated garage to instruct and assist persons in the utilization of the automated garage. The hours when such attendant must be present shall be established by the Board when it grants approval for an automated garage. As used herein, an automated garage shall not be deemed to have commenced operation prior to the date when the building where the automated garage is located has begun to be actually occupied by residential tenants.
[b] 
After an automated garage has been in operation for at least three months, an application may be made to the Board to eliminate or reduce the requirement of an attendant who is physically present at the pickup/dropoff area of the automated garage, as set forth in Subsection D(3)(c)[b][a] above. If, based on the categories of persons who use the automated garage, based on the first three months of operational experience, based on the occupancy rate of the building where the automated garage is located, based on the off-site systems available to remotely assist users of the automated garage, and based on other relevant factors, the Board determines to grant such an application, then it shall establish such conditions and requirements as it deems necessary to insure the continued proper and safe utilization of the automated garage, including the days and hours, if any, when an attendant must be physically present at the pickup/dropoff area. Upon receiving complaints or information at any time that the automated garage is not functioning properly or safely, the Board may, after notice and opportunity to be heard to the applicant, reimpose the requirement of an attendant who is physically present on site, and/or increase the days and hours when such attendant must be physically present on site, and/or impose any other appropriate conditions.
[c] 
At all times that the automated garage is available to be utilized, and there is no requirement for a person to be physically present at the dropoff/delivery area of the automated garage to instruct and assist persons in utilizing the automated garage, then there must nevertheless be present on site in the building, 24 hours per day, at least one person trained to address and remedy problems that may arise in the operation of the automated garage. Prominent signage shall be posted and displayed in the pickup/dropoff area of the automated garage stating where in the building such personnel are located and how they can be contacted.
[7] 
An instructional booklet regarding the use of the automated garage shall be provided to each resident prior to the commencement of occupancy. Each resident must sign a form acknowledging receipt of such booklet. Applicants shall retain such acknowledgment forms and shall make them available to the Village upon request. Copies of such instructional booklets shall also be available at the pickup/dropoff area of the automated garage, as well as at the concierge's desk.
[8] 
The design and operation of an automated garage must comply in all respects with requirements relating to access and use of the automated garage by handicapped or disabled persons as set forth in all applicable statutes and regulations, including but not limited to the height and width of garage doors and parking spaces.
[9] 
All approvals of the automated garage shall be subject to the approval of the Nassau County Fire Marshal and shall comply with all requirements imposed by the local fire department.
[10] 
The automated garage shall be operated in strict conformity with the conditions established by the Board, and no modifications may be made to such conditions except with the express approval of the Board.

§ 225-90 Architectural control standards.

A. 
Lighting. Adequate illumination shall be provided within all off-street parking facilities to conform to the following minimum standards:
Minimum Light Intensity Standards
Location
Footcandles
Lux
Entrance
50 to 80
540 to 860
Aisles
8 to 10
85 to 110
Parking stalls
3 to 5
30 to 55
B. 
Mounting height and spacing of luminaires shall be sufficient to distribute the desired light intensity to the entire facility. Luminaire units shall be placed so as not to obstruct vehicle movement and parking.
C. 
Landscaping. All off-street parking areas visible from the public sidewalk shall be screened from view by:
(1) 
A strip of land (including berms) densely planted with evergreen shrubs or trees at least four feet tall from the highest point on the parking lot; or
(2) 
Planters and berms with evergreen plants or shrubs with a minimum height of at least four feet.
D. 
Shrubs, trees and plants shall be of a type that can withstand automobile exhaust fumes and shall be placed in locations such that they do not restrict sight distances at entrances and exits and such that they are not damaged or destroyed due to the front and rear overhang of automobiles. Required screening shall be maintained in good condition at all times and pruned or replaced as necessary to maintain sight distances at entrances and exits. If an apartment building exists or is built on a lot adjoining an open off-street parking area, the side lot line of the parking area abutting the apartment building lot shall be screened to a height of at least six feet. Signage for parking facilities shall be limited to directional signs within screened areas.