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Village of Grafton, WI
Ozaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Grafton 11-18-2019 by Ord. No. 020-2019. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following terms shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings indicated in this section. Additional definitions applicable to this chapter are contained in the applicable NFPA codes and/or standards.
ACCESS BOX
A steel vault, listed in accordance with UL 1037, mounted on the exterior of a building, which contains keys, floor plans, maps or other items as required by the AHJ, for access to all portions of the building.
ADULT DAY-CARE
Any place that receives at any time for compensation four or more adults for care and supervision for less than 24 hours a day.
ADULT FAMILY HOME
Similar to a CBRF except that it is licensed for five or fewer tenants.
ALARM
An automatic or manual alarm notification summoning the Fire Department to the location of an alarm indicating fire.
ANNUNCIATOR
A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays, or other equivalent means in which each indication provides status information about a circuit, condition, or location.
APPROVED
Acceptable to the AHJ.
APPROVED AGENCY
An agency accepted or acceptable to the AHJ, which may include the following: Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the American Gas Association laboratories or other nationally recognized testing authorities.
ASSEMBLY GROUP A
Group A occupancies include, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for the gathering together of persons for purposes such as civic, social or religious functions, recreation, food or drink consumption or awaiting transportation. A room or space used for assembly purposes by fewer than 50 persons and accessory to another occupant shall be included as a part of that occupancy. Assembly occupancies shall include the following:
A. 
A-1: assembly uses, usually with fixed seating, intended for the production and viewing of performing arts or motion pictures.
B. 
A-2: assembly uses intended for food and/or drink consumption.
C. 
A-3: assembly uses intended for worship, recreation or amusement and other assembly uses not classified elsewhere in Group A.
D. 
A-4: assembly uses intended for viewing of indoor sporting events and activities with spectator seating.
E. 
A-5: assembly uses intended for participation in or viewing outdoor activities.
AUDIBLE NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE
A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of hearing.
AUTHORITY HAVING JURISDICTION (AHJ)
The Fire Chief of the Village of Grafton Fire Department, or any designee of the Fire Chief, to enforce this chapter and the laws of the State of Wisconsin, as designated in Ch. SPS. 314, Wis. Admin. Code, pertaining to the prevention of fires and public safety, and/or conditionally approving equipment installation, and/or procedures as outlined in NFPA standards, codes and/or recommended practices.
AUTOMATIC CLOSING DEVICE
A device which functions without human intervention and is actuated as a result of predetermined temperature rise, rate of rise of temperature, combustion products or smoke density.
AUTOMATIC FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
A system which automatically detects a fire condition and actuates notification appliances throughout the protected premises and actuates a fire alarm signal device to a U.L. listed central station for fire service that is acceptable to the AHJ.
AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTOR
A device designed to detect specific products of fire: smoke, heat or both.
AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM
An integrated system of underground and/or overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection standards. The system includes a suitable water supply. The portion of the system above ground is a network of specially sized or hydraulically designed piping installed in a structure or area, generally overhead, and to which automatic sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system is usually activated by heat from a fire and discharges water in the fire area.
AUTOMATIC FIRE-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM
An approved system of devices and equipment which automatically detects a fire and discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the area of fire.
AVAILABLE WATER SUPPLY
The quantity of water at a specific pressure that can be used by the Fire Department for firefighting purposes and/or used by an automatic fire sprinkler, standpipe, fire control or fire suppression system.
BASEMENT
That portion of a building that is partly or completely below grade plane. A basement shall be considered as a story.
BOARDINGHOUSE
A building arranged or used as lodging for compensation, with or without meals, not occupied as a single-family unit.
BONFIRE
A recreational fire larger than three feet in diameter or larger than three feet tall, used to mark a public event, victory celebration or similar occurrence.
BUSINESS GROUP B
Group B occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for office, professional or service-type transactions, including storage of records and accounts.
CEILING
The upper surface of a space, regardless of height. Areas with a suspended ceiling would have two ceilings, one visible from the floor, and one above the suspended ceiling.
CODE
A standard that is an extensive compilation of provisions covering a broad subject matter or that is suitable for adoption into law independently of other codes and standards.
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
All materials not classified as "noncombustible" are considered combustible. This property of a material does not relate to its ability to structurally perform under fire exposure. The degree of combustibility is not defined by standard fire test procedures.
COMMON AREA
Any area in a building that can be accessed by more than one person at one time. This does not include areas within a dwelling unit.
COMMUNITY-BASED RESIDENTIAL FACILITY (CBRF)
A community facility where five or more adults who are not related to the operator or administrator and who do not require care above intermediate-level nursing care reside and receive care, treatment or services that are above the level of room and board, but that include no more than three hours of nursing care per week per resident.
CONDITIONAL APPROVAL
An approval of plans, calculations, submittals and/or specifications by the AHJ based upon information provided to the AHJ, including, but not limited to, any changes required by the AHJ to the above-mentioned plans, submittals and/or specifications. Conditional approval of any submittal and/or portion of any submittal does not grant waiver to and/or modify of any requirements of this chapter, any other applicable code, standard, regulation and/or law. The conditional approval of any automatic fire sprinkler, suppression or fire alarm submittal by the AHJ shall not be construed as an assumption of any design responsibility by the AHJ, municipality, any individual employed by the municipality and/or any agent(s) for the municipality.
CONSULTANT(S)
A company, individual or agency hired by the Fire Department or municipality to provide advice to the Fire Department on fire and/or life safety related issues. Consultants may provide services, which could include, but are not limited to, plan reviews of fire sprinkler, fire alarm, fire control, fire suppression, fire-extinguishing systems, witness tests and/or conduct of inspections.
DAY-CARE CENTER
Any place which receives at any one time for compensation four or more children under the age of seven years, for care and supervision, for fewer than 24 hours a day or more than 10 days a month, without the attendance of a parent, relative or legal guardian.
DIVISION OF FIRE PROTECTION
The Division of Fire Protection is made up of the following personnel: the Fire Chief, the Division Chief and/or Fire Inspectors, or any other designee of the Chief.
DSPS
The Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services.
DWELLING OR DWELLING UNIT
A single unit providing living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. For the purpose of this chapter, "dwelling unit" includes apartments and condominiums but does not include hotel and motel rooms, guest suites, dormitories, boarding rooms, or sleeping rooms in nursing homes.
EDUCATIONAL GROUP E
Group E occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, by six or more persons at any one time for educational purposes through the 12th grade.
FACTORY INDUSTRIAL GROUP F
Group F occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for assembly, disassembly, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing, packaging, repair or processing operations that are not classified as Group H occupancy.
A. 
F-1: moderate-hazard occupancy.
B. 
F-2: low-hazard occupancy.
FALSE ALARM
The initiation or transmission of a signal, message or other notification of an event of fire when no such danger exists. Further defined as:
A. 
A false alarm of fire deliberately sounded by someone in order to inconvenience the Fire Department.
B. 
An alarm set off and transmitted through accidental operation of an automatic or manual fire alarm device.
C. 
An alarm that has activated with no cause.
D. 
An alarm that turns out to be false but was reported in good faith.
FAMILY UNIT
Two or more individuals who are related to each other by blood, marriage, adoption or legal guardianship. For purposes of this chapter, a group of not more than four persons, not necessarily related by blood or marriage, living together in a single living unit, will be considered equivalent to a single family.
FIRE ALARM
An automatic or manual alarm notification summoning the Fire Department to the location of an alarm indicating fire.
FIRE ALARM ANNUNCIATION DEVICE
A device connected to a fire alarm to signal either a fire or trouble condition. Fire alarm annunciation devices include visible notification appliances, strobes, audible notification appliances, horn/strobes, horns, bells, and/or annunciator panels.
FIRE ALARM INITIATING DEVICE
A device connected to a fire alarm system that causes a trouble, supervisory and/or alarm signal to be initiated. Fire alarm initiating devices could include: manual pull stations, smoke, heat, flame, ionization, or photoelectric detectors, spark detectors, water flow, low air, low temperature, low water, or supervisory switches.
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
A system or portion of a combination system that consists of components and circuits arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of the fire alarm or supervisory signal-initiating devices to activate notification appliances throughout the protected premises and to initiate the appropriate response to those signals.
FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM
A system designed and constructed with the intent of controlling or limiting a fire. Fire control systems may be automatic or nonautomatic. Fire control systems could include automatic fire sprinkler systems, standpipe systems, chemical agent systems, fire hydrants and/or any other system acceptable to the AHJ.
FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION (FDC)
A five-inch Stortz connection with 30° downturn, part of a sprinkler, standpipe, deluge and/or combination system to be used by the Fire Department to pump additional water into the system(s) it is connected to.
FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLY
Any combination of a fire door, frame, hardware, and other accessories that together provide a certain degree of fire protection to the opening.
FIRE RESISTIVE
That property of materials of their assemblies that prevents or retards the passage of excessive heat, hot gases or flame under conditions of use. Materials are tested as prescribed in Section 703 of the International Building Code (IBC), as adopted by Section SPS 361.05.
FIREWALL
A fire-resistance-rated wall having protected openings, which restricts the spread of fire and extends continuously from the foundation to or through the roof, with sufficient structural stability under fire conditions to allow collapse of construction on either side without collapse of the wall.
FIREWORKS
Anything manufactured, processed or packaged for exploding, emitting sparks or combustion which does not have any other use and includes those items set forth in § 167.10(1)(m) and (n), Wis. Stats.
FLOOR AREA OR SQUARE FOOTAGE OF A BUILDING
The total square footage of the sums of all basement, floor levels, balconies and mezzanines.
A. 
The area for basements and floor levels shall be measured from the outside perimeter of the outside walls.
B. 
The area for mezzanines shall be determined from the product of the length of the mezzanine multiplied by the width of the mezzanine.
C. 
For the purpose of determining square footage, fire division walls will not be accepted as outside walls or area dividers.
FLOOR, GROUND
That level of a building on a sloping or multilevel site which has a floor line at or not more than three feet above exit discharge grade for at least 1/2 of the required exit discharges.
FREQUENTER
Every person, other than an employee, who may go in or be in a place of employment or public building under circumstances which render such person other than a trespasser. Such term includes a pupil or student when enrolled in or receiving instruction at an educational institution.
GRADE PLANE
A reference plane representing the average of finished ground level adjoining the building exterior walls. Where the finished ground level slopes away from the exterior walls, the reference plane shall be established by the lowest points within the area between the building and the lot line or, where the lot line is more than six feet from the building, between the building and a point six feet from the building.
HAZARDOUS GROUP H
Group H occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, that involves the manufacturing, processing, generation or storage of materials that constitute a physical or health hazard in quantities in excess of those found in Tables 307.7(1) through 307.7(4) of the International Building Code.
A. 
H-1: buildings and structures which contain materials that pose a detonation hazard.
B. 
H-2: buildings and structures which contain materials that pose a deflagration hazard or a hazard from accelerated burning.
C. 
H-3: buildings and structures which contain materials that readily support combustion or pose a physical hazard.
D. 
H-4: buildings and structures which contain materials that are health hazards.
E. 
H-5: semiconductor fabrication facilities and comparable research and development areas in which hazardous production materials are used and the aggregate quantity of materials is in excess of those listed in Tables 307.7(1) and 307.7(2) of the International Building Code.
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL or INFECTIOUS AGENT
Any material or combination of materials which may cause or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness or which may pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics. This term includes, but is not limited to, products that are explosive, toxic, corrosive, or flammable, irritants, strong sensitizers, pesticides or a biological hazard.
HEIGHT, BUILDING
The vertical distance from the grade plane to the average height of the highest roof surface.
HIGH-CHALLENGE FIRE HAZARD
A fire hazard typical of that produced by fires in combustible high-piled storage, flammable/combustible liquid storage, tire storage and other special occupancies.
INSTITUTIONAL GROUP I
Group I occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, in which people having physical limitations because of health or age are harbored for medical treatment or other care or treatment, or in which people are detained for penal or correctional purposes or in which the liberty of the occupants is restricted. Institutional occupancies are classified as I-1, I-2, I-3 or I-4, as described in the International Building Code.
LISTED
Included in a list published by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency, or other organization concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials and whose listing states either that the equipment or materials meet nationally recognized standards or have been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.
MANUAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
A system or portion of a combination system that consists of components and circuits arranged to initiate the notification appliances and appropriate response to those signals only after a person manually activates the fire alarm system.
MERCANTILE GROUP M
Group M occupancy includes, among others, building and structures, or a portion thereof, for the display and sale of merchandise, and involves stock of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public.
MEZZANINE or MEZZANINE FLOOR
An intermediate level or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story with an aggregate floor area of not more than one-third of the area of the room or space in which the level or levels are located.
MISCELLANEOUS GROUP U
Buildings and structures of an accessory character and miscellaneous structures not classified in any specific occupancy shall be constructed, equipped and maintained to conform to the requirements of this chapter commensurate with the fire and life hazard incidental to their occupancy.
MULTIFAMILY DWELLING
A building or portion thereof containing three or more dwelling units, such as tenements, apartments or rooming houses. Row houses with fire walls extending from the basement to the underside of the roof separating each living unit are not considered multifamily for the purpose of this chapter.
MUNICIPALITY
The Village of Grafton.
NFPA
The National Fire Protection Association.
NONACCESSIBLE AREA
A portion of a building or structure to which people do not have access.
NONCOMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
A material which, in the form in which it is used, meets one of the requirements listed below. Materials used adjacent to or in contact with heat-producing appliances, warm air ducts, plenums and chimneys shall be classified as noncombustible only on the basis of the requirement in Subsection A. "Noncombustible" does not apply to the flame-spread characteristics of interior finish or trim materials. No material shall be classified as noncombustible building construction material which is subject to increase in combustibility or flame-spread classification (FSC) beyond the limits herein established through the effects of age, moisture or other atmospheric conditions. (See flame spread rating in the Wisconsin Administrative Code.)
A. 
Materials which pass the test procedure of ASTM E-136 for noncombustibility of elementary materials when exposed to a furnace temperature of 1,382° F. for a minimum period of five minutes and do not cause a temperature rise of the surface or interior thermocouple in excess of 54° F. above the furnace air temperature at the beginning of the test and which do not flame after exposure of 30 seconds.
B. 
Materials having a structural base of noncombustible material as defined in Subsection A, with a surfacing not more than 1/8 inch thick which has a flame-spread classification (FSC) not greater than 50 when tested in accordance with the method of test for surface burning characteristics of building materials (ASTM E-84).
NORMAL ACCESS ROUTES
Pavement, sidewalks, streets, driveways and paths leading to a building that are clear and maintained year round. The normal access route does not include grass, parking stalls, ditches, hills, shrubs, flower beds, fences, walls or any other area not typically used for ingress to or egress from a building.
NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE
A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, light, or text display that provides audible, tactile, visible outputs or any combination thereof that is acceptable to the AHJ.
OCCUPANTS
The person or persons who physically reside, work or are present anywhere in a facility, building and/or structure.
OCCUPIABLE AREA
The spaces of a facility that can be occupied or used by the facility occupants as part of the building function or to support building operations and maintenance. This includes, but is not limited to, storage areas, mechanical and electrical equipment areas, walk-in closets or janitor's rooms, restrooms, conference rooms, and individual offices.
OTHER TERMS
Terms not defined herein used in this chapter shall be as defined in the International Fire Code Section 202 and/or NFPA codes and standards that are adopted in this chapter by reference.
OWNER
Includes his or her duly sworn agent or attorney, a purchaser, devisee, fiduciary or person having a vested or contingent interest in the property in question.
OWNER'S CERTIFICATE
A form completed by the owner(s), or the owner's authorized agent, of a building or structure where a fire sprinkler system is going to be installed that provides the sprinkler contractor with information required to properly design a fire sprinkler system.
PERMIT
A permit as specified and/or required by this chapter shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials or conduct processes which produce conditions hazardous to life or property or install equipment used in connection with such activities and/or for the installation and/or alteration of any portion of a fire protection, fire alarm, fire control, and/or fire suppression system. Such a permit shall not take the place of any other license or permit required by law. A permit shall be valid for a stated or indefinite period as may be specified thereon as Village of Grafton Fire Prevention, Protection and Control Code - V1.2 determined by the AHJ to be reasonably necessary to promote safety in the permitted activity. A permit shall not be transferable. Any change in use or occupancy shall require a new permit.
PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT
Includes every place, whether indoors or out or underground, and the premises appurtenant thereto, where, either temporarily or permanently, any industry, trade or business is carried on, or where any process or operation, directly or indirectly related to any industry, trade or business, is carried on, and where any person is, directly or indirectly, employed by another for direct or indirect gain or profit, but does not include any place where persons are employed in private domestic service which does not involve the use of mechanical power or in farming. "Farming" includes those activities specified in § 102.04(3) Wis. Stats., and also includes the transportation of farm products, supplies or equipment directly to the farm by the operator of said farm or employees for use thereon, if such activities are directly or indirectly for the purpose of producing commodities for market, or as an accessory to such production. When used with relation to building codes, "place of employment" does not include an adult family home, as defined in § 50.01(1) Wis. Stats., or, except for the purposes of § 101.11, Wis. Stats., a previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility, as defined in § 50.01(1g), Wis. Stats., which serves 20 or fewer residents who are not related to the operator or administrator.
PROTECTED PREMISES
The physical location protected by a fire alarm or automatic fire suppression system.
PUBLIC BUILDING
Any structure, including exterior parts of such building, such as a porch, exterior platform or steps, providing means of ingress or egress, used in whole or in part as a place of resort, assemblage, lodging, trade, traffic, occupancy, or use by the public or by three or more tenants.
RECOGNIZED SCALE
A scale commonly used by architects, engineers, designers and others in the preparation of drawings that is acceptable to the AHJ.
RECORD
Any form of written material that shows information pertaining to a device, system, method or person. Written records are required whenever tests and/or maintenance of any kind is performed on any fire alarm, fire control, fire suppression or life safety system or device.
REMODEL
To remodel, alter, or both, means to change any building or structure which affects the structural strength, fire hazard, internal circulation, or exits of the existing building or structure. This definition does not apply to maintenance, reroofing, or alterations to the heating and ventilating or electrical system.
REMOTE FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION (FDC)
A Fire Department connection that is not attached to the building or structure that is protected by the system the FDC supplies and is connected by piping usually installed underground or a piping method that is acceptable to the AHJ.
RESIDENTIAL GROUP R
Group R occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for sleeping accommodations when not classed as an Institutional Group I.
A. 
R-1: residential occupancies where the occupants are primarily transient in nature.
B. 
R-2: residential occupancies containing more than two dwelling units where occupants are primarily permanent in nature.
C. 
R-3: residential occupancies where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and not classified R-1, R-2 or I, and where buildings do not contain more than two dwelling units or adult and child-care facilities, that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours.
D. 
R-4: residential occupancies shall include buildings arranged for occupancy as residential care/assisted-living facilities including five but not more than 16 occupants, excluding staff.
ROOF SPACE
The space located above the finished ceiling(s) and below the exterior roof of a structure. This includes but is not limited to any space that could be defined as an attic.
ROOMING HOUSE
Any building which has a room or rooms for sleeping, without permanent provisions for cooking. Rooming house rooms do not include any room in a one- or two-family dwelling.
ROUGH INSPECTION
Visual observation from the floor and/or ground level of any system and/or component thereof required by this chapter prior to being concealed in any way by any means.
ROW HOUSE
A place of abode arranged to accommodate three or more attached side-by-side or back-to-back living units.
SAFETY MARGIN
A specific measurement of pressure in pounds per square inch (psi) at a specific rate of water flow that all fire sprinkler, fire control and water-based fire suppression systems must maintain below the anticipated available water supply as determined by a water flow test, a municipality-specified flow and pressure or any other water supply acceptable to the AHJ.
SHALL
Indicates a mandatory requirement.
SHOULD
Indicates a recommendation or that which is advised but not required.
SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING
A detached building containing only one dwelling unit and designed exclusively for use and occupancy by one family.
SPACING
A horizontally measured dimension relating to the allowable coverage limits of fire detectors, automatic sprinkler systems, and fire alarm visual notification devices.
SPECIAL OCCUPANCY
Any area in which a high-challenge fire hazard exists and any NFPA Codes and/or standards contain design criteria, limitations or requirements that apply specifically to the occupancy.
STANDARD
A document, the main text of which contains only mandatory provisions using the word "shall" to indicate mandatory requirements and which is in a form generally suitable for reference by another standard or code or for adoption into law.
STORAGE GROUP S
Group S occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for storage that is not classed as Hazardous Group H.
A. 
S-1 (moderate-hazard storage): buildings occupied for storage uses which are not classified as S-2.
B. 
S-2 (low-hazard storage): buildings used for storage of noncombustible material such as products on wood pallets or in paper cartons with or without single-thickness divisions or in paper wrappings. Such products may have a negligible amount of plastic trim such as knobs, handles, or film wrapping.
STORY
That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above. To determine the number of stories in a building, all floors will be counted, whether they are above grade or below grade, including basements, sub-basements, and ground floors, but not including penthouses or mezzanines less than 1/3 of a story.
TACTILE NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE
A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of touch or vibration.
TEMPORARY
Fewer than 90 days.
TEXTUAL AUDIBLE NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE
A notification appliance that conveys a stream of audible information. An example of a textual audible notification appliance is a speaker that reproduces a voice message.
THROUGHOUT
One of the following, depending on the circumstances:
A. 
Throughout, for automatic fire sprinkler systems, means providing fire sprinkler protection in all areas of a structure as required by NFPA 13.
B. 
Throughout, for automatic fire alarm systems, means installing detection, audible and visual notification devices in all areas of the protected premises installed in accordance with NFPA 72.
C. 
Throughout, for manual fire alarm systems, means installing audible and visual notification devices in all areas of the protected premises installed in accordance with NFPA 72.
TWO-FAMILY DWELLING
A detached building containing not more than two individual dwelling units which are entirely separated by vertical walls or horizontal floors, unpierced except for access to the outside or a common basement.
VEHICLE
Any self-propelled device fueled by flammable or combustible liquid, or compressed gas, used to transport people or goods.
VISIBLE NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE
A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of sight.
WATER FLOW TEST
A test of an available water supply that indicates the quantity of water flowing out of a specific orifice, at a specific pressure, at a specific point in time.
WELFARE
Includes comfort, decency and moral well-being.
WISCONSIN STATUTES
All references to "Wisconsin Statutes" or "Wis. Stats." shall mean the State of Wisconsin statutes as of the adoption of this chapter or as they may be amended or renumbered from time to time.