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Village of Grafton, WI
Ozaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Grafton 11-18-2019 by Ord. No. 020-2019. Amendments noted where applicable.]
A. 
Intent. The intent of this section is to provide a means for automatic detection of fire conditions and/or to provide warning notification throughout all buildings and occupancies built hereinafter, structurally altered, and/or added to. Fire alarm systems are intended to provide additional life safety and help reduce property loss through early detection of fires, providing warning to occupants and automatically notifying the Fire Department of fire.
B. 
Code compliance. All fire alarm systems installed, modified, altered and/or repaired shall comply with this chapter and all of the applicable NFPA codes and/or standards.
C. 
Minimum system requirements. Minimum system requirements shall include:
1. 
Audible notification appliances shall be installed throughout protected premises.
2. 
Visible notification appliances shall be installed throughout protected premises, except for the following:
a. 
Closets and/or other similar small storage rooms that do not exceed 50 square feet in floor area and are not normally occupied.
b. 
Normally unoccupied crawl spaces.
c. 
Normally unoccupied attic spaces.
d. 
Any nonaccessible area.
e. 
Any area for which the AHJ deems visible notification appliances are not required.
3. 
Manual initiating devices (pull stations) shall be located at all points of egress, including all exit doors on every floor and/or building level.
4. 
Water flow detection devices shall be connected to the fire alarm system to specifically activate the notification appliances upon water flow.
5. 
Fire suppression system activation alarms shall be connected to the protected premises' fire alarm system to specifically activate the notification appliances upon system activation. This includes but is not limited to wet chemical, CO2, clean agent, water mist and dry chemical systems.
6. 
Fire control and/or suppression systems' supervisory condition indicators shall be connected to and monitored by the fire alarm system. This specifically includes but is not limited to valve supervisory switches (tamper switches), high air switches, low air switches, high water level switches, low water switches, low temperature switches, low water temperature switches, fire pump condition indicators and/or any other situation or condition deemed necessary by the AHJ.
7. 
Fire alarm systems shall be addressable and capable of indicating the status of all specific components connected to the system.
8. 
All fire alarm systems shall be monitored by a service acceptable to the AHJ.
9. 
Fire alarm annunciators shall be installed in all protected premises. The number and locations of the fire alarm annunciators installed shall be acceptable to the AHJ.
10. 
As determined by the AHJ, any additional notification and/or initiation appliances/devices may be required due to size, occupancy hazards, building construction, and/or occupancy use.
11. 
The wiring class and style must be acceptable to the AHJ.
12. 
The wiring class and style required will vary depending on the type of construction, occupancy, building height and/or building size.
D. 
Any components that are added to, monitored by or integrated in any fashion to an approved fire alarm system, shall be approved by the AHJ. These items would include, but not limited to:
1. 
Panic or duress alarms.
2. 
Area of rescue phones.
3. 
Building lockdown alarms.
E. 
Permit required. Any modification as described in § 7.04.010 requires a fire protection permit.
F. 
Submittals for fire alarm systems. Submittals for fire alarm systems are intended to provide basic information consistent with the objective of installing a fully operational, code-compliant fire alarm system and to provide the basis for the record drawings required by NFPA 72. Conditional approval of a fire alarm system submittal and/or any portion thereof is not intended to imply waiver or modification of any requirements of any code or any other applicable criteria.
G. 
The quantity of each fire alarm submittal shall be designated on the Village of Grafton "Fire Protection Plan Review Submittal Notice and FAQ's" document, available from the Village of Grafton Building Inspection Department. The municipality may retain two copies of each submittal, and the remaining copies will be returned to the installing contractor.
A. 
Intent. The intent of this section is to require the installation of automatic fire sprinkler, fire control and/or fire suppression systems to improve the protection of life and property within the municipality. It will establish a minimum standard for fire safety through the standardization of the design, installation, testing and maintenance requirements for automatic fire sprinkler suppression.
B. 
Code compliance. All automatic fire sprinkler fire control and/or fire suppression systems installed, modified, altered and/or repaired shall comply with this chapter and all of the applicable NFPA codes and/or standards.
C. 
Code conflicts. If any conflicts exist between this chapter and any NFPA code and/or standard, the most restrictive, as determined by the AHJ, shall be enforced by the AHJ.
D. 
Working plans. Working plans shall be submitted to the AHJ for review and conditional approval before any equipment is installed, modified or remodeled.
E. 
Deviation from conditionally approved plans shall require permission of the AHJ.
F. 
All working plans submitted for conditional approval must be signed and sealed by at least one of the following:
1. 
An architect registered in the State of Wisconsin.
2. 
An engineer registered in the State of Wisconsin.
3. 
A person who holds a designer of engineering systems permit in the State of Wisconsin.
4. 
The individual who holds a valid automatic fire sprinkler contractor's license and is responsible for the system installation.
G. 
Working plans shall be drawn to an indicated scale, on sheets of uniform size, with a plan of each floor, and shall show those items from the following list that pertain to the design of the system and any that NFPA 13 and/or the AHJ may require:
1. 
Name of owner.
2. 
Name of occupant.
3. 
Location, including street address.
4. 
Point of compass.
5. 
Occupant load of all areas
6. 
Full height cross section, or schematic diagram, including structural member information.
7. 
Ceiling construction.
8. 
Elevation of the sprinklers relative to the ceiling.
9. 
Method of protection for nonmetallic piping.
10. 
Minimum clearance required from the sprinkler deflectors to the top of storage.
11. 
Location of partitions.
12. 
Location of firewalls.
13. 
Occupancy class of each area or room.
14. 
All storage information, limits and exact configurations shall be on the working drawings prepared by the automatic fire sprinkler contractor.
15. 
Hazard classification for each protected area.
16. 
All special occupancy protection areas.
17. 
All storage limits based on the sprinkler system design criteria, including the following:
a. 
The storage high limit for each different commodity class.
b. 
The storage arrangement for each different commodity class and/or special occupancy hazard arrangements, including the following:
1. 
Storage method (solid pile, shelf, rack or other).
2. 
Minimum aisle widths for all rack storage and where required.
3. 
Minimum required clearance from overhead fire sprinkler deflectors.
4. 
Minimum required clearance from in-rack fire sprinkler deflectors.
5. 
Minimum required transverse flue space.
6. 
Minimum required longitudinal flue space.
7. 
Pile stability.
8. 
Storage array.
9. 
Any other information the AHJ deems necessary to determine compliance with the applicable NFPA code and/or standard.
c. 
All special occupancy restrictions and/or limits contained in the applicable NFPA code and/or standard.
18. 
Location and size of concealed spaces.
19. 
Location and size of combustible concealed spaces.
20. 
Closets.
21. 
Attics.
22. 
Bathrooms.
23. 
Any small enclosures in which no sprinklers are to be installed.
24. 
Size of Village main in street.
25. 
Whether Village main in street is dead end or circulating.
26. 
Direction and distance to nearest circulating main.
27. 
Village main water flow test results.
28. 
System elevation relative to test hydrant.
29. 
Other sources of water supply, with pressure or elevation.
30. 
Make, type, model, and nominal K-factor of sprinklers, including sprinkler identification number.
31. 
Temperature rating of all sprinklers.
32. 
Total area protected by each system.
33. 
Total area protected by each system on each floor.
34. 
Number of sprinklers on each riser per floor.
35. 
Total number of sprinklers on each wet system.
36. 
Total number of sprinklers on each dry pipe system.
37. 
Total number of sprinklers on each preaction system.
38. 
Total number of sprinklers on each combined dry pipe-preaction system.
39. 
Total number of sprinklers on each deluge system.
40. 
Approximate capacity in gallons of each dry pipe system.
41. 
Approximate capacity in gallons of each preaction system.
42. 
Pipe type and inside diameter.
43. 
Nominal pipe size and cutting lengths of pipe (or center-to-center dimensions).
44. 
Location and size of riser nipples.
45. 
Type of fittings and joints.
46. 
Location of all welds and bends.
47. 
The contractor shall specify on drawings any sections to be shop welded and the type of fittings or formations to be used.
48. 
Type and locations of hangers.
49. 
Locations of sleeves.
50. 
Locations of braces, and methods of securing sprinklers.
51. 
All control valves.
52. 
All check valves.
53. 
All drain valves and pipes.
54. 
All test connections.
55. 
Make, type, model, and size of alarm valve.
56. 
Make, type, model, and size of dry pipe valve.
57. 
Make, type, model, and size of preaction.
58. 
Make, type, model, and size of deluge valve.
59. 
Type and location of alarm bells.
60. 
Size and location of standpipe risers.
61. 
Size and location of hose outlets.
62. 
Size and location of hand hose.
63. 
Size and location of monitor nozzles, and related equipment.
64. 
Private fire service main sizes, lengths, locations, materials, point of connection to Village main; the sizes, types and locations of valves, valve indicators, regulators, meters, and valve pits; and the depth of cover.
65. 
Piping provisions for flushing.
66. 
Where the equipment is to be installed as an addition to an existing system, enough of the existing system indicated on the plans to make all conditions clear to the AHJ.
67. 
For hydraulically designed systems, the information on the hydraulic data nameplate, including the following:
a. 
System design requirements, including hazard and/or occupancy classification.
b. 
Design area of water application in square feet or minimum number of sprinklers designed to operate at one time.
c. 
Minimum rate of water application (density), gpm/square foot or minimum flow rate per sprinkler in gpm.
d. 
Area per sprinkler in square feet.
e. 
Total water demand requirements as calculated, including allowance for inside hose, outside hydrants, in-rack sprinklers, water curtains and exposure sprinklers in gpm.
f. 
Limitations (spacing, flow, and pressure) on extended coverage or other listed special sprinklers.
68. 
A graphic representation of the scale used on all plans.
69. 
Name and address of installing fire sprinkler contractor.
70. 
Phone number of installing fire sprinkler contractor.
71. 
State of Wisconsin automatic fire sprinkler contractor's license number.
72. 
Hydraulic reference points shown on the plan that correspond with comparable reference points on the hydraulic calculation sheets.
73. 
The minimum rate of water application (density), the design area of water application, in-rack sprinkler demand, and the water required for hose streams both inside and outside.
74. 
The total quantity of water and the pressure required noted at a common reference point for each system.
75. 
Who determined the design criteria.
76. 
Relative elevations of sprinklers, junction points, and water supply or reference points.
77. 
If the room design method is used, all unprotected wall openings throughout the floor protected.
78. 
Calculation of loads for sizing and details of sway bracing.
79. 
The setting for pressure-reducing valves.
80. 
Information about backflow preventers (manufacturer, size, type).
81. 
Information about antifreeze solution used (type and amount).
82. 
Size and location of hydrants, showing size and number of outlets and if outlets are to be equipped with independent gate valves. Whether hose houses and equipment are to be provided, and by whom, shall be indicated.
83. 
Static and residual hydrants that were used in flow tests shall be shown.
84. 
Size, location, and piping arrangement of Fire Department connections.
85. 
The working plan submittal shall include the manufacturer's installation instructions for any specially listed equipment, including descriptions, applications, and limitations for any sprinklers, devices, piping, or fittings.
86. 
The maximum spacing allowed for each type of sprinkler being used based on the square footage used to determine the minimum flow rate for the hydraulic calculations.
87. 
The size, make, type and model of the backflow device.
88. 
Any other information the AHJ deems necessary to be on the working plans.
89. 
The working plan(s) for all specific occupancies shall include the following:
a. 
The specific hazard the system is intended to protect.
b. 
The specific NFPA standard and/or code the system design criterian is contained in.
c. 
The specific NFPA standard and/or code section the system design criteria is contained in.
d. 
The maximum storage height of the commodity being protected.
e. 
The method of storage rack, solid pile, shelf or other.
f. 
The maximum ceiling height in the building and/or structure.
g. 
All aisles in the storage area.
h. 
All required flue spaces, transverse, longitudinal, and/or between piles.
i. 
Any minimum clearance requirements between commodities.
j. 
Any minimum clearance requirements between incompatible commodities and/or materials.
k. 
The required minimum clearance between the sprinkler deflectors and the top of storage.
l. 
All storage information, limits and exact configurations shall be on the working drawings prepared by the automatic fire sprinkler contractor.
90. 
Water supply capacity information. The following information shall be included:
a. 
Location and elevation of static and residual test gauge with relation to the riser reference point.
b. 
Flow location.
c. 
Static pressure, psi (bar).
d. 
Residual pressure, psi (bar).
e. 
Flow, gpm (L/min).
f. 
Date.
g. 
Time.
h. 
Test conducted by or information supplied by.
i. 
Other sources of water supply, with pressure or elevation.
H. 
All automatic fire sprinkler, fire control and/or fire suppression systems shall comply with the following:
1. 
Be designed in accordance with the appropriate NFPA standards and/or codes.
2. 
Be designed after a complete and correct owner's certificate, using a form acceptable to the AHJ, has been obtained from the building owner.
3. 
Be designed to protect the highest hazard present at any time in the protected area.
4. 
Be monitored by a UL-listed central station for fire service that is acceptable to the AHJ.
5. 
Have sprinkler control rooms located with adequate access for Fire Department, sprinkler maintenance and inspection personnel, and shall not be located within private dwellings with the exception of NFPA 13D systems.
6. 
Have direct access from the exterior to the sprinkler control valve acceptable to the AHJ.
7. 
Have a horn and strobe installed, located above the FDC.
8. 
The FDC must be located at least 40 feet from all gas meters, electrical meters and transformers or as designated by the AHJ.
9. 
The FDC must be installed in a location acceptable to the AHJ, and must be within 150 feet of a fire hydrant, unless otherwise designated by the AHJ.
10. 
Be designed for the hazard being protected or as specifically specified in this chapter and/or as acceptable to the AHJ.
11. 
All automatic fire sprinkler systems' hydraulic designs are to be based on a maximum of 90% of the available water supply. (A minimum of a 10% safety margin shall be maintained.)
12. 
All sprinkler systems designed shall be based on the most current water flow test conducted in accordance with NFPA 291 that is acceptable to the AHJ.
13. 
The AHJ must witness all water flow tests.
14. 
Have all working drawings with all required hydraulic calculations prepared by the installing contractor and submitted to the AHJ for review and conditional approval.
15. 
Include a complete and correct owner's certificate with the approval submittal.
16. 
The owner's certificate must contain all information required by the AHJ.
17. 
All storage information, limits and exact configurations shall be on the working drawings prepared by the automatic fire sprinkler contractor.
18. 
Be conditionally approved prior to any portion of the system being installed.
I. 
Maintenance of equipment.
1. 
Sprinkler systems which have been installed in compliance with a permit or order, or because of any law or code, or have been installed for any other reason, shall be maintained in operative condition at all times. No owner or occupant shall reduce the effectiveness of the protection so required; except this provision shall not prohibit the owner or occupant from temporarily reducing or disconnecting the protection system when making necessary repairs, alterations or additions when a permit has been issued or permission has been granted by the AHJ.
2. 
The AHJ shall be notified before repairs, alterations or additions are started and shall be notified again when the system has been restored to service.
3. 
The AHJ shall determine if a permit and/or a submittal and review are required for any modifications and/or additions to any system.
4. 
The AHJ shall issue a permit and a conditional approval prior to any modifications and/or additions to any system.
5. 
Inspections and maintenance of all systems shall be performed by an approved agent, pursuant to the NFPA procedures and requirements listed within this code. The property owner/occupant and sprinkler inspector shall immediately notify the Fire Department of any deficiencies found.
6. 
A service contract is required for annual service of the sprinkler system according to NFPA 25. This will be required prior to obtaining an occupancy permit on all newly constructed and existing buildings.
7. 
A service contract is required for the monitoring of systems where monitoring is required.
8. 
The latest annual test report must be posted at the riser or a location acceptable to the AHJ.
J. 
Application to existing buildings.
1. 
Where the AHJ finds that an existing building, because of current occupancy or a change in occupancy, constitutes a hazard to its occupants or adjoining property, the AHJ may order compliance with the provisions of this section. A hazard shall be determined by the existence of one or more of the following conditions:
a. 
Any building which by reason of its construction or highly combustible occupancy involves a hazard to its occupants or, in the judgment of the AHJ, constitutes a fire menace, e.g., paint shop and other occupancies involving processing, mixing, storing, and dispensing of volatile liquids or solids.
b. 
Non-fire-resistive characteristics of a structure.
c. 
Accumulation of flammable or combustible materials.
d. 
Lack of accessibility to the premises for firefighting equipment.
e. 
Substantial number of fire calls or complaints on the premises.
f. 
Traffic patterns for pedestrian ingress and egress which require protection under this section.
g. 
Insufficient ventilation system.
h. 
Lack of an internal communication system, or due to the size or type of building making regular Fire Department radio communication inoperable, the building owner is required to install a repeater system or something comparable to assist radio communications.
i. 
Number, characteristics and movement of employees which require protection under this section.
2. 
Installation of an automatic sprinkler system must be started within one year from the service of such orders and shall be completed within 180 days after construction has started.
K. 
Exemptions. At any location where the installation of sprinklers may cause or increase an occupational hazard as determined by any governmental authority having jurisdiction over such location or occupation, the AHJ may waive any requirement to install an automatic fire sprinkler system or any portion thereof.
L. 
Remote Fire Department connections.
1. 
The AHJ is authorized to require a remote Fire Department connection (FDC) to be installed for any system and facility for which the AHJ deems it necessary.
2. 
All remote FDCs must be installed in a location that is acceptable to the AHJ.
3. 
All remote FDCs must be installed in a manner that is acceptable to the AHJ.
4. 
All remote FDCs, including all piping, must be tested hydrostatically and flushed in a manner that is acceptable to the AHJ.
M. 
Inspections and acceptance testing.
1. 
The AHJ or the AHJ's authorized representative shall conduct rough and final inspections of all systems.
2. 
The AHJ or the AHJ's authorized representative shall witness all acceptance testing of all systems and portions thereof.
A. 
Intent. The intent of this section is to require Fire Department standpipe systems to be installed in structures to help firefighters effectively extinguish a fire and help reduce property damage and losses.
B. 
Installation requirements. Fire Department standpipes shall be designed and installed in accordance with this section. Where any requirement in this section is more restrictive than any NFPA standard and/or code and/or state code, the requirements in this section must be complied with.
1. 
The installation of standpipes shall be in accordance with this section and NFPA 14.
2. 
The class and location of standpipes and Fire Department connections shall be acceptable to the AHJ.
3. 
All standpipe systems' hydraulic designs are to be based on a maximum of 90% of the available water supply. (A minimum of a 10% safety margin shall be maintained.)
4. 
The location of standpipe hose connections shall be accessible and shall be located so that all portions of the building are within 100 feet of hose attached to a hose valve. This distance must be measured using the normal aisles or the path a hose would be laid as determined by the AHJ.
5. 
The locations of all hose valves shall be acceptable to the AHJ.
6. 
The AHJ may require additional standpipes and/or hose valves to be installed.
7. 
When required by the AHJ, an approved standpipe shall be installed as construction progresses to make it available for Fire Department use in the topmost floors constructed. Temporary standpipes shall be provided in place of permanent standpipes when required during the period of construction on buildings required by this chapter.
8. 
The location of all Fire Department connections for standpipes shall be approved by the AHJ.
9. 
The Fire Department connections shall be located at least 40 feet from all electrical transformers, gas meters, or propane storage, unless otherwise approved by the AHJ.
10. 
Temporary standpipes are required on buildings over two stories in height.
11. 
All manual wet and all automatic standpipes must have water-flow switches and alarm test connections.
C. 
Approval requirements. Complete plans and calculations for all standpipes must be submitted to the Fire Department and conditionally approved prior to installation of any standpipe.
D. 
Permit requirement. The Fire Department must issue a permit to install all standpipes prior to installation.
E. 
Remote Fire Department connections.
1. 
The AHJ is authorized to require a remote Fire Department connection (FDC) to be installed for any system and facility for which the AHJ deems it necessary.
2. 
All remote FDCs must be installed in a location that is acceptable to the AHJ.
3. 
All remote FDCs must be installed in a manner that is acceptable to the AHJ.
4. 
All remote FDCs, including all piping, must be tested hydrostatically and flushed in a manner that is acceptable to the AHJ.
F. 
Inspections and acceptance testing.
1. 
The AHJ or the AHJ's authorized representative shall conduct rough and final inspections of all systems.
2. 
The AHJ or the AHJ's authorized representative shall witness all acceptance testing of all systems and portions thereof.
A. 
Location. Any tank farm, lumberyard, commercial or industrial complex, any structure or building now existing or hereafter erected, or structurally altered to increase the floor area by 50% or more, shall provide, at the owner's expense, an approved water hydrant when such building is set back 250 feet or more from any street or highway or is located more than 300 feet from a Village water hydrant. Required hydrants shall be freestanding and shall be located not more than 50 feet or less than 25 feet from the building. Additional hydrants shall be provided around the perimeter of the building so that no water hydrant is more than 300 feet from any other approved hydrant by normal access routes. All water hydrants shall be located within 10 feet of an all-weather road and be accessible at all times to the Fire Department. The water pipe serving the hydrant shall not be less than six inches in diameter.
B. 
Access to hydrants. The Village, or its employees, agents or assigns, shall have access, without advance notice to the owner, manager, or tenant of the property upon which a hydrant is located, to any fire hydrant located on private property for inspections, maintenance, and/or repairs. No person or entity shall impede or refuse the Village's access to a fire hydrant on private property.
C. 
Inspections and routine maintenance. Such maintenance, repairs, or inspections of hydrants on private property shall include, but not be limited to, performing a minimum of two hydrant flushings and valve exercising inspections per year, painting, inspections, investigation of citizen complaints, investigation of any other deficiency, and to ensure each fire hydrant is maintained and operated in accordance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations.
D. 
Additional repairs. Upon determination by the Village of any issue with a fire hydrant on private property that requires correction to ensure the proper working order of the hydrant, the Village shall provide the property owner copies of the inspection findings and a directive to take specified corrective action within a specified, reasonable time frame as determined by the Village Engineer. If the property owner does not complete the specified corrective action by the deadline specified by the Village Engineer, such corrective action shall be undertaken by the Village. If the corrective action is undertaken by the Village, the owner of the private property on which the fire hydrant is located shall be liable for all costs and expenses incurred by the Village for the corrective action, including but not limited to the cost of any materials and the actual labor cost incurred by the Village, through its employees, agents, or subcontractors.
E. 
Emergency repairs. Upon determination by the Village of any issue with a fire hydrant located on private property, which requires immediate correction due to an immediate adverse effect on property owners, public safety, or public health, the corrective action shall be undertaken by the Village without advance notice to the property owner, and the property owner shall be liable for all costs and expenses incurred by the Village for the corrective action.
F. 
Multiple property owners. If a fire hydrant is located on an out lot owned collectively by multiple owners or an owners' association, or if the private fire hydrant serves multiple owners of real estate within the private property, any charges incurred under this section may be charged to each owner or member of the owners association according to the ownership interest in the fire hydrant located on the property.
G. 
Nonpayment by owner. In addition to, and not to the exclusion or prejudice of other remedies available to the Village, if the property owner fails to pay the Village for any costs of repairs, maintenance or corrective action performed by the Village, all or any portion of the cost of such work shall be charged against the property as a special charge pursuant to Wisconsin Statutes Section 66.0627.