[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Grafton as Title 11, Ch. 11.04, of the 1979 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Amended by Ord. No. 020, Series 2004]
It shall be the duty of the abutting property owner to build, repair, construct and perpetually maintain sidewalks along or upon any street in the Village and to pay the entire cost thereof, except as indicated in Subsection B.
As part of the Village of Grafton Sidewalk Replacement Program, the Village replaces concrete sidewalk that poses a trip hazard based upon specific review criteria. There is no cost to the property owner for sidewalk replacement work completed within the scope of the Sidewalk Replacement Program.
[Amended by Ord. No. 020, Series 2004; Ord. No. 023, Series 2004]
Sidewalk bonds shall be required for all projects where the potential for damage to public sidewalk is probable as a result of construction-related activities, except sheds, decks and other structures that pose no potential damage to the sidewalk, as determined by the Director of Public Works.
The sidewalk bond amount shall be determined as follows:
The sidewalk bond shall be posted prior to or at the time a building permit is obtained.
No person shall hereafter lay, remove, replace or repair any public sidewalk within the Village unless he is under contract with the Village to do such work or has obtained a permit therefor from the Director of Public Works at least seven days before work is proposed to be undertaken. No fee shall be charged for such permit.
All sidewalks within the Village hereafter shall be repaired, rebuilt and constructed in accordance with the following specifications:
Subgrade. The subgrade shall be prepared by excavating to the line, grade and cross section as furnished by the Village. Soft and unsuitable material shall be removed and replaced with suitable material, and the subgrade shall be compacted and thoroughly moistened immediately before the concrete is placed. When so specified by the Director of Public Works, a subbase of sand and gravel or other approved porous material shall be placed under the sidewalk. At all places where existing ground level is below subgrade elevation, the owner shall furnish and place suitable material in successive layers of four inches or less, and each layer shall be rolled and thoroughly compacted, until subgrade elevation is reached. In all cases where the grading is carried to a line below the subgrade elevation, the owner shall furnish and refill the space with material satisfactory to the Director of Public Works or his agent, and soil, tamp and sprinkle the fill in a thorough manner approved by the Director of Public Works or his agent.
Surplus excavation and fill between sidewalk and curb. All surplus earth and other material excavated from the line of work which may not be required for filling shall be hauled and deposited as directed by the Director of Public Works. Where the sidewalk does not abut the curb, gutter, pavement or other structures and when the concrete has been cured and forms removed, the space along the sides shall be backfilled with a satisfactory soil thoroughly compacted. Backfill shall be approved by the Director of Public Works.
Material and method.
All sidewalks shall be of concrete construction composed of six-bag mix, one-course construction, four inches thick and built to the established line and grade. All sidewalks shall be five feet in width as determined by the Board of Public Works in view of existing sidewalks in the area, except sidewalks located in front of commercial establishments, which shall be six feet in width. Where new sidewalks are constructed along an entire block in any residential district, such sidewalks shall be five feet in width. Concrete shall be placed in straight forms of wood or metal of sufficient strength to resist springing, tipping or other displacement during the process of depositing and consolidating the concrete. Wood forms shall be surfaced plank of at least two inches in thickness, except for sharply curved sections. Metal forms shall be of approved section. The forms shall be of full depth of the required sidewalk and shall be of such design as to permit secure fastening. Forms shall be thoroughly cleaned and oiled before the concrete is placed against them.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1.01, Code Adoption)]
Concrete shall be placed in the forms on a moist subgrade, deposited just above the finished grade and consolidated and spaded sufficiently to bring the mortar to the surface and to prevent honeycombing. It shall then be struck off level with the top of the forms and finished with wooden flats. All joints and edges shall be finished with a one-quarter-inch-radius edging tool. Before the last finish has set, the sidewalk shall be steel troweled and brushed in transverse direction. Before final finishing, the surface shall be checked with a ten-foot straight edge, and any areas departing from the testing edge shall be corrected by adding or removing concrete while the walk pour is still plastic.
Transverse expansion joints one-half-inch thick of premolded expansion material shall be located every 40 feet, at the street and against the back of all curb and gutter encountered. Expansion material shall be placed every five feet and shall be at least 1 1/2 inches deep. All joints shall be at right angles to the direction and grade of the walk. Diagonal joints may be used only when ordered by the Director of Public Works and shall be placed under his direction.
Curing and drying. As soon as any of the concrete work mentioned in this section has been finished and hardened sufficiently to prevent excessive marring of the surface, it shall be cured and protected against rapid drying. Failure to comply with this requirement shall be deemed sufficient cause for suspension of the work. Curing shall be accomplished by the "impervious coating," "wet fabric" or "paper" methods. Walks shall be kept free from all traffic at normal temperatures for 48 hours, and in cold weather (below 50° F.), for 96 hours.