Village of Westville, IL
Vermilion County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Westville as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Adopted 2-24-2009 by Ord. No. 09-1387 (Ch. 22, Art. I, of the 2015 Code)]
The purpose of this Identity Theft Prevention Program (Program) is to protect customers of the municipality's utility services from identity theft. The Program is intended to establish reasonable policies and procedures to facilitate the detection, prevention and mitigation of identity theft in connection with the opening of new covered accounts and activity on existing covered accounts.
This Program applies to the creation, modification and access to identifying information of a customer of one or more of the utilities operated by the municipality (electric, natural gas, water and wastewater) by any and all personnel of the municipality, including management personnel. This Program does not replace or repeal any previously existing policies or programs addressing some or all of the activities that are the subject of this Program, but rather it is intended to supplement any such existing policies and programs.
A. 
When used in this Program, the following terms have the meanings set forth herein, unless the context clearly requires that the term be given a different meaning:
COVERED ACCOUNT
An account that the municipality offers or maintains, primarily for personal, family or household purposes, that involves or is designed to permit multiple payments of transactions. [16 CFR 681.1(b)(3)(i)] A utility account is a "covered account." The term "covered account" also includes other accounts offered or maintained by the municipality for which there is a reasonably foreseeable risk to customers, the municipality or its customers from identity theft. [16 CFR 681.1(b)(3)(ii)]
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
IDENTIFYING INFORMATION
Any name or number that may be used, alone or in conjunction with any other information, to identify a specific person, including any name, social security number, date of birth, official state or government-issued driver's license or identification number, alien registration number, government passport number, employer or taxpayer identification number. Additional examples of identifying information are set forth in 16 CFR 1022.3(h).
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
IDENTITY THEFT
A fraud committed or attempted using the identifying information of another person without authority. [16 CFR 681.1(b)(8) and 16 CFR 603.1(a)]
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
RED FLAG
A pattern, practice or specific activity that indicates the possible existence of identity theft.
B. 
Certain terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings given to them in the FTC's Identity Theft Rules (16 CFR Part 681) or the Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 (15 U.S.C. § 1681 et seq.), as amended by the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003, enacted into law on December 4, 2003. (Public Law 108-159)
A. 
The initial adoption and approval of the Identity Theft Prevention Program shall be by ordinance of the Village Board of Trustees. Thereafter, changes to the Program of a day-to-day operational character and decisions relating to the interpretation and implementation of the Program may be made by the Village President (Program Administrator). Major changes or shifts of policy positions under the Program shall only be made by the Board of Trustees.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
B. 
Development, implementation, administration and oversight of the Program will be the responsibility of the Program Administrator. The Program Administrator may, but shall not be required to, appoint a committee to administer the Program. The Program Administrator shall be the head of any such committee. The Program Administrator will report at least annually to the Village Board of Trustees regarding compliance with this Program.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
C. 
Issues to be addressed in the annual Identity Theft Prevention Report include:
(1) 
The effectiveness of the policies and procedures in addressing the risk of identity theft in connection with the opening of new covered accounts and activity with respect to existing covered accounts.
(2) 
Service provider arrangements.
(3) 
Significant incidents involving identity theft and management's response.
(4) 
Recommendations for material changes to the Program, if needed for improvement.
The municipality has considered the guidelines and the illustrative examples of possible red flags from the FTC's Identity Theft Rules and has reviewed the municipality's past history with instances of identity theft, if any. The municipality hereby determines that the following are the relevant red flags for purposes of this Program given the relative size of the municipality and the limited nature and scope of the services that the municipality provides to its citizens:
A. 
Alerts, notifications, or other warnings received from consumer reporting agencies or service providers.
(1) 
A fraud or active duty alert is included with a consumer report or an identity verification response from a credit reporting agency.
(2) 
A consumer reporting agency provides a notice of credit freeze in response to a request for a consumer report.
(3) 
A consumer reporting agency provides a notice of address discrepancy, as defined in Section 681.1(b) of the FTC's Identity Theft Rules.
(4) 
A consumer report indicates a pattern of activity that is inconsistent with the history and usual pattern of activity of an applicant or customer, such as:
(a) 
A recent and significant increase in the volume of inquiries;
(b) 
An unusual number of recently established credit relationships;
(c) 
A material change in the use of credit, especially with respect to recently established credit relationships; or
(d) 
An account that was closed for cause or identified for abuse of account privileges by a financial institution or creditor.
B. 
The presentation of suspicious documents.
(1) 
Documents provided for identification appear to have been altered or forged.
(2) 
The photograph or physical description on the identification is not consistent with the appearance of the applicant or customer presenting the identification.
(3) 
Other information on the identification is not consistent with information provided by the person opening a new covered account or customer presenting the identification.
(4) 
Other information on the identification is not consistent with readily accessible information that is on file with the municipality, such as a signature card or a recent check.
(5) 
An application appears to have been altered or forged, or gives the appearance of having been destroyed and reassembled.
C. 
The presentation of suspicious personal identifying information, such as a suspicious address change.
(1) 
Personal identifying information provided is inconsistent when compared against external information sources used by the municipality. For example:
(a) 
The address does not match any address in the consumer report or CRA ID Check response; or
(b) 
The social security number (SSN) has not been issued, or is listed on the Social Security Administration's Death Master File.
(2) 
Personal identifying information provided by the customer is not consistent with other personal identifying information provided by the customer. For example, there is a lack of correlation between the SSN range and date of birth.
(3) 
Personal identifying information provided is associated with known fraudulent activity as indicated by internal or third-party sources used by the municipality. For example:
(a) 
The address on an application is the same as the address provided on a fraudulent application; or
(b) 
The phone number on an application is the same as the number provided on a fraudulent application.
(4) 
Personal identifying information provided is of a type commonly associated with fraudulent activity as indicated by internal or third-party sources used by the municipality. For example:
(a) 
The billing address on an application is fictitious, a mail drop, or a prison; or
(b) 
The phone number is invalid, or is associated with a pager or answering service.
(5) 
The SSN provided is the same as that submitted by other persons opening an account or other customers.
(6) 
The address or telephone number provided is the same as or similar to the account number or telephone number submitted by an unusually large number of other persons opening accounts or other customers.
(7) 
The person opening the covered account or the customer fails to provide all required personal identifying information on an application or in response to notification that the application is incomplete.
(8) 
Personal identifying information provided is not consistent with personal identifying information that is on file with the municipality.
(9) 
If the municipality uses challenge questions, the person opening the covered account or the customer cannot provide authenticating information beyond that which generally would be available from a wallet or consumer report.
D. 
The unusual use of, or other suspicious activity related to, a covered account.
(1) 
Shortly following the notice of a change of address for a covered account, the municipality receives a request for the addition of authorized users on the account.
(2) 
A new utility account is used in a manner commonly associated with known patterns of fraud. For example: the customer fails to make the first payment or makes an initial payment but no subsequent payments.
(3) 
A covered account with a stable history shows irregularities.
(4) 
A covered account that has been inactive for a reasonably lengthy period of time is used (taking into consideration the type of account, the expected pattern of usage and other relevant factors).
(5) 
Mail sent to the customer is returned repeatedly as undeliverable although usage of utility products or services continues in connection with the customer's covered account.
(6) 
The municipality is notified that the customer is not receiving paper account statements.
(7) 
The municipality is notified of unauthorized usage of utility products or services in connection with a customer's covered account.
E. 
Notice of possible identity theft. The municipality is notified by a customer, a victim of identity theft, a law enforcement authority, or any other person that it has opened a fraudulent account for a person engaged in identity theft.
A. 
The employees of the municipality that interact directly with customers on a day-to-day basis shall have the initial responsibility for monitoring the information and documentation provided by the customer and any third-party service provider in connection with the opening of new accounts and the modification of or access to existing accounts and the detection of any red flags that might arise. Management shall see to it that all employees who might be called upon to assist a customer with the opening of a new account or with modifying or otherwise accessing an existing account are properly trained such that they have a working familiarity with the relevant red flags identified in this Program so as to be able to recognize any red flags that might surface in connection with the transaction. An employee who is not sufficiently trained to recognize the red flags identified in this Program shall not open a new account for any customer, modify any existing account or otherwise provide any customer with access to information in an existing account without the direct supervision and specific approval of a management employee. Management employees shall be properly trained such that they can recognize the relevant red flags identified in this Program and exercise sound judgment in connection with the response to any unresolved red flags that may present themselves in connection with the opening of a new account or with modifying or accessing of an existing account. Management employees shall be responsible for making the final decision on any such unresolved red flags.
B. 
The Program Administrator shall establish from time to time a written policy setting forth the manner in which a prospective new customer may apply for service, the information and documentation to be provided by the prospective customer in connection with an application for a new utility service account, the steps to be taken by the employee assisting the customer with the application in verifying the customer's identity and the manner in which the information and documentation provided by the customer and any third-party service provider shall be maintained. Such policy shall be generally consistent with the spirit of the Customer Identification Program rules (31 CFR 103.121) implementing Section 326(a) of the USA PATRIOT Act but need not be as detailed. The Program Administrator shall establish from time to time a written policy setting forth the manner in which customers with existing accounts shall establish their identity before being allowed to make modifications to or otherwise gain access to existing accounts.
A. 
If the responsible employees of the municipality as set forth in the previous section are unable, after making a good faith effort, to form a reasonable belief that they know the true identity of a customer attempting to open a new account or modify or otherwise access an existing account based on the information and documentation provided by the customer and any third-party service provider, the municipality shall not open the new account or modify or otherwise provide access to the existing account as the case may be. Discrimination in respect to the opening of new accounts or the modification or access to existing accounts will not be tolerated by employees of the municipality and shall be grounds for immediate dismissal.
B. 
The Program Administrator shall establish from time to time a written policy setting forth the steps to be taken in the event of an unresolved red flag situation. Consideration should be given to aggravating factors that may heighten the risk of identity theft, such as a data security incident that results in unauthorized access to a customer's account, or a notice that a customer has provided account information to a fraudulent individual or website. Appropriate responses to prevent or mitigate identity theft when a red flag is detected include:
(1) 
Monitoring a covered account for evidence of identity theft.
(2) 
Contacting the customer.
(3) 
Changing any passwords, security codes, or other security devices that permit access to a covered account.
(4) 
Reopening a covered account with a new account number.
(5) 
Not opening a new covered account.
(6) 
Closing an existing covered account.
(7) 
Not attempting to collect on a covered account or not selling a covered account to a debt collector.
(8) 
Notifying law enforcement.
(9) 
Determining that no response is warranted under the particular circumstances.
Utility accounts for personal, family and household purposes are specifically included within the definition of "covered account" in the FTC's Identity Theft Rules. Therefore, the municipality determines that with respect to its residential utility accounts it offers and/or maintains covered accounts. The municipality also performed an initial risk assessment to determine whether the utility offers or maintains any other accounts for which there are reasonably foreseeable risks to customers or the utility from identity theft. In making this determination the municipality considered the methods it uses to open its accounts, the methods it uses to access its accounts, and its previous experience with identity theft, and it concluded that it does not offer or maintain any such other covered accounts.
The Program, including relevant red flags, is to be updated as often as necessary but at least annually to reflect changes in risks to customers from identity theft. Factors to consider in the Program update include:
A. 
An assessment of the risk factors identified above.
B. 
Any identified red flag weaknesses in associated account systems or procedures.
C. 
Changes in methods of identity theft.
D. 
Changes in methods to detect, prevent, and mitigate identity theft.
E. 
Changes in business arrangements, including mergers, acquisitions, alliances, joint ventures, and service provider arrangements.
All staff and third-party service providers performing any activity in connection with one or more covered accounts are to be provided appropriate training and receive effective oversight to ensure that the activity is conducted in accordance with policies and procedures designed to detect, prevent, and mitigate the risk of identity theft.
[Adopted as Ch. 22, Art. II, of the 2015 Code]
[NOTE: This policy is enacted to comply with Public Act 096-9874 of the State of Illinois, cited as the Identity Protection Act and codified as Title 30, Act 5, Section 1 et seq., as now or hereafter amended.]
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
PERSON
Any individual in the employ of the Village.
POLICY or PRIVACY POLICY
This article, as now or hereafter amended.
PUBLICLY POST or PUBLICLY DISPLAY
To intentionally communicate or otherwise intentionally make available to the general public.
SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER
The nine-digit number assigned to an individual by the United States Social Security Administration for the purposes authorized or required under the United States Social Security Act of August 14, 1935, as amended (Public Law 74-271).
A. 
No officer or employee of the Village shall do any of the following:
(1) 
Publicly post or publicly display in any manner an individual's social security number.
(2) 
Print an individual's social security number on any card required for the individual to access products or services provided by the person or entity.
(3) 
Require an individual to transmit his or her social security number over the internet, unless the connection is secure or the social security number is encrypted.
(4) 
Print an individual's social security number on any materials that are mailed to the individual, through the United States Postal Service, any private mail service, electronic mail, or a similar method of delivery, unless Illinois or federal law requires the social security number to be on the document to be mailed. Notwithstanding any provision in this section to the contrary, social security numbers may be included in applications and forms sent by mail, including, but not limited to, any material mailed in connection with the administration of the Illinois Unemployment Insurance Act, any material mailed in connection with any tax administered by the Illinois Department of Revenue, and documents sent as part of an application or enrollment process or to establish, amend, or terminate an account, contract, or policy or to confirm the accuracy of the social security number. A social security number that may permissibly be mailed under this section may not be printed, in whole or in part, on a postcard or other mailer that does not require an envelope or be visible on an envelope without the envelope having been opened.
B. 
Except as otherwise provided in this policy, beginning immediately on the effective date of the Village's authorizing ordinance, no officer or employee of the Village shall do any of the following:
(1) 
Collect, use, or disclose a social security number from an individual, unless:
(a) 
Required to do so under state or federal law, rules, or regulations, or the collection, use, or disclosure of the social security number is otherwise necessary for the performance of that agency's duties and responsibilities;
(b) 
The need and purpose for the social security number is documented before collection of the social security number; and
(c) 
The social security number collected is relevant to the documented need and purpose.
(2) 
Require an individual to use his or her social security number to access an internet website.
(3) 
Use the social security number for any purpose other than the purpose for which it was collected.
C. 
The prohibitions in Subsection B do not apply in the following circumstances:
(1) 
The disclosure of social security numbers to agents, employees, contractors, or subcontractors of the Village or disclosure to another governmental entity or its agents, employees, contractors, or subcontractors if disclosure is necessary in order for the entity to perform its duties and responsibilities; and, if disclosing to a contractor or subcontractor, prior to such disclosure, the officer or employee of the Village must first receive from the contractor or subcontractor a copy of the contractor's or subcontractor's policy that sets forth how the requirements imposed under this policy of the Village to protect an individual's social security number will be achieved.
(2) 
The disclosure of social security numbers pursuant to a court order, warrant, or subpoena.
(3) 
The collection, use, or disclosure of social security numbers in order to ensure the safety of: Village employees; persons committed to correctional facilities, local jails, and other law enforcement facilities or retention centers; wards of the state; youth in care as defined in Section 4d of the Children and Family Services Act (20 ILCS 505/4d); and all persons working in or visiting a Village facility.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
(4) 
The collection, use, or disclosure of social security numbers for internal verification or administrative purposes.
(5) 
The collection or use of social security numbers to investigate or prevent fraud, to conduct background checks, to collect a debt, to obtain a credit report from a consumer reporting agency under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, to undertake any permissible purpose that is enumerated under the federal Gramm Leach Bliley Act, or to locate a missing person, a lost relative, or a person who is due a benefit such as a pension benefit or an unclaimed property benefit.
D. 
If any standards of the Village for the collection, use, or disclosure of social security numbers are stricter than the standards under this policy with respect to the protection of those social security numbers, then, in the event of any conflict with the provisions of this policy, the stricter standards adopted by the Village shall control.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this policy to the contrary, all officers and employees of the Village must comply with the provisions of any other state law with respect to allowing the public inspection and copying of information or documents containing all or any portion of an individual's social security number. All officers and employees of the Village must redact social security numbers from the information or documents before allowing the public inspection or copying of the information or documents.
A. 
This policy does not apply to the collection, use, or disclosure of a social security number as required by state or federal law, rule, or regulation.
B. 
This policy does not apply to documents that are required to be open to the public under any state or federal law, rule, or regulation, applicable case law, Supreme Court rule, or the Constitution of the State of Illinois.
If a federal law takes effect requiring any federal agency to establish a national unique patient health identifier program, the Village shall follow that law.
Beginning immediately on the effective date of the Village's authorizing ordinance, no officer or employee of the Village may encode or embed a social security number in or on a card or document, including, but not limited to, using a bar code, chip, magnetic strip, RFID technology, or other technology, in place of removing the social security number as required by this policy.
A. 
All officers, employees and agents of the Village identified as having access to social security numbers in the course of performing their duties shall be trained to protect the confidentiality of all social security numbers. Training shall include instructions on the proper handling of information that contains social security numbers from the time of collection through the destruction of the information.
B. 
Only employees who are required to use or handle information or documents that contain social security numbers shall have access to such information or documents.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
C. 
Social security numbers requested from an individual shall be provided in a manner that makes the social security number easily redacted if required to be released as part of a public records request.
D. 
When collecting a social security number or upon request by the individual, a statement of the purpose or purposes for which the Village is collecting and using the social security number shall be provided.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
E. 
A written copy of this privacy policy, and any amendment thereto, shall be filed with the Village Board within 30 days after approval of this policy or any amendment thereto.
F. 
The Village shall advise its employees of the existence of the policy and make a copy of this policy available to each employee, and shall also make this privacy policy available to any member of the public, upon request and at no charge for a single copy of this privacy policy. If the Village amends this privacy policy, then the Village shall also advise its employees of the existence of the amended policy and make a copy of the amended policy available to each employee.
Any person who violates any portion of this article, as now or hereafter amended, shall be subject to a fine of not less than $100 for the first such violation and a fine of not less than $750 for each violation thereafter.
The privacy policy adopted in this article shall be subject to amendment from time to time by the Village Board as the Village Board shall deem necessary in its sole discretion in order to maintain the Village's compliance with the Illinois Identity Protection Act (5 ILCS 179/1 et seq.), as now or hereafter amended.
This policy does not supersede any more restrictive law, rule, or regulation regarding the collection, use, or disclosure of social security numbers.