[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Westville as Ch. 25, Art. I, of the 2015 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
(See 65 ILCS 5/11-60-2 and 720 ILCS 5/47-5; 5/47-10 and 5/47-15.)
It is hereby declared to be a nuisance and to be against the health, peace and comfort of the Village for any person, firm or corporation within the limits of the Village to permit the following; but the enumeration of the following nuisances shall not be deemed to be exclusive:
Filth. To cause or suffer the carcass of any animal or any offal, filth or noisome substance to be collected, deposited or to remain in any place, to the prejudice of others.
Deposit of offensive materials. To throw or deposit any offal or other offensive matter or the carcass of any dead animal in any watercourse, lake, pond, spring, well or common sewer, street or public highway.
Corruption of water. To corrupt or render unwholesome, or impure, the water of any spring, river, stream, pond or lake, well, public or private, to the injury or prejudice of others.
Highway encroachment. To obstruct or encroach upon public highways, private ways, streets, alleys, commons, landing places, and ways to burying places.
Manufacturing gunpowder. To carry on the business of manufacturing gunpowder, nitroglycerine, or other highly explosive substances, or mixing or grinding the materials therefor, in any building within 300 feet of any valuable building erected at the time such business may be commenced.
Powder magazines. To establish powder magazines near incorporated towns, at a point different from that appointed according to law by the corporate authorities of the town, or within 800 feet of any occupied dwelling house.
Noxious odors. To erect, continue or use any building or other place for the exercise of any trade, employment or manufacture, which, by occasioning noxious exhalations, offensive smells or otherwise, is offensive or dangerous to the health of individuals or of the public.
Unlawful advertising. To advertise wares or occupations by painting notices of the same on or affixing them to fences or other private property or on rocks or other natural objects without the consent of the owner, or if in the highway or other public place, without permission of the proper authorities.
Wells unplugged. To permit any well drilled for oil, gas, salt water disposal or any other purpose in connection with the production of oil and gas to remain unplugged after such well is no longer used for the purpose for which it was drilled.
Burn-out pits. To construct or operate any salt water pit or oil field refuse pit, commonly called a "burn-out pit," so that salt water, brine or oil field refuse or other waste liquids may escape therefrom in any manner except by the evaporation of such salt water or brine or by the burning of such oil field waste or refuse.
Discarded materials. To permit concrete bases, discarded machinery and materials to remain around any oil or gas well or to fail to fill any holes, cellars, slush pits and other excavations made in connection with any such well or to restore the surface of the lands surrounding any such well to its condition before the drilling of any such well, upon abandonment of any such oil or gas well.
Underground wells. To permit any salt water, oil, gas or other wastes from any well drilled for oil, gas or exploratory purposes to escape to the surface, or into a mine or coal seam, or into any underground freshwater supply or from one underground stratum to another.
Harassment. To harass, intimidate or threaten any person who is about to sell or lease or has sold or leased a residence or other real property, or is about to buy or lease, or has bought or leased a residence or other real property, when the harassment, intimidation, or threat relates to a person's attempt to sell, buy or lease a residence, or other real property, or refers to a person's sale, purchase or lease of a residence or other real property.
Business. To establish, maintain, and carry on any offensive or unwholesome business or establishment within the limits of the Village or within 1 1/2 miles of the Village limits.
Filthy premises conditions. To keep or suffer to be kept any chicken coop, cow barn, stable, cellar, vault, drain, privy, sewer or sink upon any premises belonging to or occupied by any person, or any railroad car, building, yard, grounds, and premises belonging to or occupied by any person.
Expectorate. To expectorate on any public sidewalk or street, or other public building or floor or walk of any public vehicle or hall.
Litter on streets. It shall be unlawful for any person to deposit or allow trash, paper, cardboard, wire, dirt, rock, stone, glass, brick, lumber, wood or litter of material objects of any size or description to fall upon the streets of the Village from any moving vehicle, or to be thrown from a moving vehicle, or to throw from a moving vehicle and to remain thereon.
Accumulation of junk and trash. To deposit or pile up any rags, old rope, paper, iron, brass, copper, tin, aluminum, used lumber, derelict truck trailers, camping trailers, or boats, appliances, construction materials, demolition debris, ashes, garbage, refuse, plastic, brush, litter, weeds, slush, lead, glass bottles or broken glass upon any residential home lot, piece or parcel of land or upon any public or private alley, street or public way within the Village.
Rodents. To cause or permit any condition or situation to exist that shall attract, harbor, or encourage the infestation of rodents.
Bringing nuisances into the Village. To bring into the Village or keep therein for sale or otherwise, either for food or for any other purpose, any dead or live animal or any matter, substance, or thing which shall be a nuisance or which shall occasion a nuisance in the Village, or which may or shall be dangerous or detrimental to health.
Offensive liquids. To keep nauseous, foul or putrid liquid or substance or any liquid or substance likely to become noxious, foul, offensive, or putrid, or permit any such liquid to be discharged, placed, thrown, or to flow from or out of any premises into or upon any adjacent premises or any public street or alley, or permit the same to be done by any person connected with the premises.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
Dense or offensive smoke. To cause or permit the emission of dense smoke from any fire, chimney, engine, oil burner or any other agency in the Village so as to cause annoyance or discomfort to the residents thereof.
Scrap tires, both mounted and dismounted. To keep any scrap tires, either mounted or dismounted, in open view, or so as to allow such tires to accumulate stagnant water so as to provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes and other pests.
Motor transport engines. To operate motor vehicle transport engines in the nighttime between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., in any place in which a majority of the buildings within a radius of 400 feet are used exclusively for residence purposes, excluding state and federal highways.
Accumulation of debris. To store, dump or permit the accumulation of debris, refuse, garbage, trash, tires, buckets, cans, wheelbarrows, garbage cans or other containers in a manner that may harbor mosquitoes, flies, insects, rodents, nuisance birds or other animal pests that are offensive, injurious or dangerous to the health of individuals or the public.
Water bodies. To create a condition, through the improper maintenance of a swimming pool or wading pool, or by causing an action that alters the condition of a natural body of water, so that it harbors mosquitoes, flies, or other animal pests that are offensive, injurious, or dangerous to the health of individuals or the public.
[Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
Generally. To commit any act which is a nuisance according to the common law of the land or made such by statute of the state.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the corporate authorities of this Village from declaring what shall be nuisances, and abating them within the Village limits.
No building, vehicle, structure, receptacle, yard, lot, premises, or part thereof shall be made, used, kept, maintained or operated in the Village if such use, keeping or maintaining shall be dangerous or detrimental to health.
Whenever the Superintendent, Mayor or Police Chief finds that a nuisance exists, he shall direct the Village Clerk to mail (certified) to the party responsible for the nuisance and to the party on whose property the nuisance exists a written notice ordering that the nuisance be abated within a reasonable time. The notice to abate shall contain:
A description of what constitutes the nuisance;
The location of the nuisance;
A statement of what condition or state of affairs must be achieved in order for the nuisance to be deemed abated;
The date by which abatement must be completed;
The date by which a request for a hearing must be filed and a statement of the procedure for so filing;
A statement that the responsible party has a right to appeal the abatement order to the Village Board of Trustees;
A statement indicating that if the nuisance is not abated by the date prescribed and/or if no request for hearing is made within the time prescribed, the Village will abate the nuisance and assess the costs against the property and/or impose a fine.
Any person ordered to abate a nuisance may have a hearing with the Police Chief or his designated representative ordering the abatement. A request for a hearing must be made in writing and delivered to the Village Clerk within the time stated in the notice; otherwise, it will be presumed that a nuisance exists and that such nuisance must be abated as ordered. The hearing shall not be a formal trial-type proceeding, but appropriate procedural safeguards shall be observed to ensure fairness. At the conclusion of the hearing, the Police Chief or his designated representative shall render his decision and the reasons therefor in writing. If he finds that a nuisance exists, he shall order it abated within an additional time, which must be reasonable under the circumstances.
Any party aggrieved by the decision of the Police Chief may appeal to the Board of Trustees. Such appeal shall be taken by filing with the Village Clerk within five days of such decision a written statement indicating the basis for the appeal.
The appeal shall be heard by the Board of Trustees at the next regular or special meeting after such filing. The Board's findings shall be conclusive; and if a nuisance is found to exist, it shall be ordered abated within a time reasonable under the circumstances.
If the person ordered to abate a nuisance fails to do so, or if the nuisance poses an emergency, the Village may perform the required action to abate. Any Village official who is authorized to abate any nuisance as defined in this chapter shall have authority to engage the necessary assistance and to incur the necessary expenses therefor. The official who abates a nuisance shall keep an accurate account of the expenses incurred. The itemized expense shall be filed with the Village Clerk, who shall pay such expenses on behalf of the Village. (See 65 ILCS 6/11-60-2.)
If the person notified to abate a nuisance shall neglect or refuse to comply with the requirements of such notice by abating such nuisance within the time specified, such person shall be guilty of a violation of this chapter. The Village shall not be required to issue another notice where the condition or violation is at first abated but later resumed and/or repeated.