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Borough of Homestead, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted 7-12-2018 by Ord. No. 2018-04]
For purposes of this article, the following terms shall have the meanings hereafter designated:
AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE
Any facility which services motor driven, self-propelled vehicles and conducts the following operations:
A. 
Change oil.
B. 
Mechanical repairs which include the use of detergents or solvents to clean equipment.
C. 
Use of grease or lubricants for mechanical parts.
BAKERY
Any facility equipped to bake bread, cookies, cakes, pies, etc., cooked in dry heat, especially an oven, and goods are sold either retail or wholesale or nonprofit.
BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
The quality of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C. expressed in milligrams/liter.
BOROUGH
Borough of Homestead or its duly authorized agent(s) or representative(s).
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer.
BUILDING SEWER (also HOUSE CONNECTION or SERVICE SEWER)
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
CLEAN WATER ACT (or ACT)
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Public Law 92-500, also known as the Clean Water Act, including the amendments made by the Clean Water Act of 1977, Law 95-217.
COMMERCIAL LAUNDRY
An establishment where clothes/items are laundered or cleaned in exchange for a fee.
COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL USERS
All nonresidential users which introduce only sanitary sewage or primarily segregated domestic wastes into a building sewer.
FLOATING OILS
Oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable oil if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the wastewater facilities.
FOOD PREPARATION FACILITY
Any food establishment in any building, room or place or any portion thereof or appurtenant thereto, where human food or drink is mixed, cooked or otherwise prepared, offered for sale, sold, served or given, with or without charge to patrons, customers or guests for consumption on the premises, or to take out; provided, however, that this does not include the mixing, cooking or other preparation or serving of food in a single-family dwelling to the resident family or its guest(s).
GARBAGE
The putrescible animal and vegetable waste resulting from handling, preparation, cooking, and serving of foods.
GREASE INTERCEPTOR
An interceptor with a rated flow exceeding 35 gpm and which is located underground, outside the building.
GREASE TRAP
A trap whose flow rate is 35 gallons per minute (gpm) or less and which is located inside the building. Grease traps shall be rated for a minimum of 22.59 gpm.
INDUSTRIAL USER
Any nondomestic source regulated under § 307(b), (c) or (d) of the Clean Water Act that introduces pollutants into the Borough's sewage disposal system.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE
The water-carried wastes from industrial manufacturing or industrial processing as distinct from sanitary sewage. It shall include the trade wastes produced by, but not limited to, food processing and bottling plants, food manufacturing plants, slaughtering plants, tallow works, plating works, disposal services, industrial cleaning plants, fertilizer plants, car and truck washing operations, laundries, cleaning establishments, cooling plants, industrial plants, factories, chemical treatment installation, and steel making plants.
INTERFERENCE
A discharge which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, both:
A. 
Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment process, operations or its sludge process, use or disposal; and
B. 
Is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW's NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with the following statutory provisions and regulations or permits issued thereunder (or more stringent state or local regulations); § 403 of the Clean Water Act, the Solid Waste Disposal Act (SWDA) [including Title II, more commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RDRA)] and including state regulations contained in any state sludge management plan prepared pursuant to Subtitle D of the (SWDA), the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substance Control Act and the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act.
MEAL
Generally consisting of courses containing meat or its equivalent, vegetables, bread, pastry, beverages and accompaniments.
MINOR INDUSTRIAL USERS
An industrial user not classified as a significant industrial user.
NATIONAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARD or PRETREATMENT STANDARD
Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with § 307, Subsections (b) and (c) of 33 U.S.C. § 1347 of the Clean Water Act, which applies to a specific category of industrial users.
NATIONAL PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD or PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD
Any regulation under the authority of § 307(b) of the Clean Water Act and the general Pretreatment Regulations at 40 CFR 403.5.
NEW SOURCE
Any building, structure, facility or installation from which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of the proposed pretreatment standards under § 307(c) of the Clean Water Act which will be applicable to such source if such standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with that section.
OWNER or OCCUPANT
The persons using the lot, parcel of land, building, or premises connected to and discharging sewage into the sewage disposal system of the Borough, and who pays or is legally responsible for the payment of sewer user charges made against the said lot, parcel of land, building or premises, if connected to the sewage disposal, or who would pay or be legally responsible for such payment.
PERSON
An individual, firm, company, association, governmental agency, society, corporation, group or political subdivision.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams contained in one liter of solution.
POLLUTANT
Any dredge spoil, solid waste, incineration residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discharged equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water.
POLLUTION
The man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological and radiological integrity of water.
PREMISES
All the parcels of land included in the contributory municipalities or in the service area thereof in a single assessor's parcel number.
PRIMARILY SEGREGATED DOMESTIC WASTES
That sewage which is introduced into a building's sewer and which contains no more than 50% industrial waste, prior to any intentional dilution.
PROPERLY SEGREGATED DOMESTIC WASTES
The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
PUBLIC SEWER
A sewer in publicly owned land or easements and controlled by the Borough.
PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS (POTW)
A treatment works as defined by § 212 of the Clean Water Act, which is owned in this instance by either ALCOSAN or the MACM. This definition includes any sewer that conveys wastewater to the POTW treatment plant, but does not include pipes, sewers, or other conveyances not connected to a facility providing treatment.
PUMP STATION
A mechanical system used at intervals within a sanitary sewer system for pumping wastewater or sewage from a lower to higher elevation or otherwise aiding proper system flow.
R-1 GROUP
This use group shall include all multiple-family dwellings having four or more dwelling units and shall include all boarding houses and similar buildings arranged for shelter and sleeping accommodations in which occupants are primarily not transient in nature.
RESTAURANT
Includes any public eating place where meals are prepared, offered for sale, sold and served to patrons, customers or guests for compensation based on the prices charged for and generally paid at the conclusion of each meal. The words "regular meals" as used herein mean generally consisting of courses embracing some kind of meal or its equivalent, vegetables, bread, pastry, beverage and accompaniments, served at more or less regular intervals.
SANITARY SEWER
The water-carried wastes from residences, hotels, restaurants, eating houses, or from business establishments or premises engaged solely in the sale, storage or repair of goods, wares or merchandise, and which contains garbage, human wastes, or animal wastes.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
All tangible property used or useful to the authority in the rendering of sewage transportation, treatment and disposal service, and shall include intercepting sewers, regulator chambers, pumping stations, force mains, and the sewage treatment plant.
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT (also WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ASSOCIATION)
All facilities for collecting, pumping, transporting, treating and disposing of sewage.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
SEWER USER CHARGE
A monthly charge to all users of the sewage disposal system which is based on sewage volume, strength and/or flow.
The following entities are required to install, operate and maintain, in strict accordance with this article, and all other controlling state and federal laws and regulations, oil/grease interceptors:
A. 
Restaurant.
B. 
Food preparation facility.
C. 
Automotive service (change oil/mechanical repairs).
D. 
Sale of gasoline or oil (retail and bulk).
E. 
Bakery.
F. 
Facility using detergents or solvents to clean mechanical equipment.
G. 
Facility using grease or lubricants for mechanical parts.
H. 
Commercial laundry.
I. 
Any facility involved with the preparation of food made for human and/or animal consumption.
A. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into any sewer line substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the Borough, or its designated agent, that such wastes can harm the sewage disposal system or the treatment process or equipment, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, or public property, or constitute a nuisance.
B. 
In forming their opinion as to the acceptability of these waters, the Borough, or its designated agent, will give consideration to such factors as to the qualities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors.
C. 
In all cases, the Borough, or its designated agent, shall require compliance by the user with all aspects of latest applicable ALCOSAN pretreatment standards.
D. 
See provision Part 4, ALCOSAN pretreatment standards.
(1) 
Plumbing to be in good repair. Every building or room occupied or used as a food preparation facility or restaurant shall be well drained. All soil pipes, waste pipes, drains or other plumbing fixtures shall be of adequate size to enable the passage of any waste intended to pass through it to the main public sewer. All drains, sewers, waste and soil pipes, traps and water in gas pipes shall, at all times, be kept in good repair and order so that no gases or odor shall escape therefrom and so that the same shall not leak, and all vent pipes shall be kept in good order and repair and free from obstruction.
(2) 
Installation of grease interceptors and grease traps.
(a) 
Every building, room or space or part thereof used as a food preparation facility or restaurant, whether new or existing, shall install or cause to be installed, if not already installed, a grease interceptor or grease trap. The type of installation shall be determined by the total fixture flow-through rate of potential grease-laden fixtures discharging through the building sewage lines as determined by the Allegheny County Health Department (ACHD) Plumbing Division. For flow-through rates of 35 gpm or less, an internal grease trap may be installed in certain existing structures used as food preparation facilities and restaurants. For flow-through rates exceeding 35 gpm, an external, underground grease interceptor must be installed in all new structures, major remodeling or renovation of existing structures, or changes of use involving food preparation facilities or restaurants.
(b) 
Said grease trap or grease interceptor shall be installed at an appropriate location along the sewer line between the food preparation facility or restaurant and the line's entry in the main public newline. An inspection site tee shall be installed between the interceptor discharge and connect to the public sewer system. All installation shall be in accordance with the ACHD Plumbing Code and Regulations. No solid waste devices, such as waste grinders, disposals, potato peelers, etc., shall discharge through the grease trap or grease interceptor. Only potential grease-laden fixtures may discharge through the trap or interceptor.
(c) 
All new food preparation facilities and restaurants shall be required to install an exterior, underground grease interceptor of a minimum one-thousand-gallon capacity, regardless of the flow-through rate.
(d) 
In all existing food preparation facilities and restaurants there shall be installed a grease interceptor or grease trap as determined by the flow-through rate, as detailed above, if not already installed. In existing facilities where it is determined by the Borough that a grease trap is not sufficient, the Borough may require that grease interceptors (as detailed above) be installed. Such insufficiency shall be evidenced by excessive amounts of grease being discharged into the public sewer system by a facility. All existing food preparation facilities and restaurants shall, at a change of ownership or remodeling or renovation thereof, install an exterior, underground grease interceptor of a minimum one-thousand-gallon capacity. In all existing structures, buildings or parts thereof in which there is a change of use or occupancy or that of a food preparation facility or restaurant there shall be installed a grease interceptor of a minimum one-thousand-gallon capacity, regardless of the flow-through rate.
(e) 
All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Wastewater Superintendent and shall be located under cover and so as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. Interceptors shall not be located so as to receive rainwater or unpolluted runoff.
(f) 
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
(3) 
Maintenance of grease interceptors and grease traps.
(a) 
All grease interceptors and grease traps shall be maintained and kept in good working order at all times. The interceptor or trap shall limit the amount of grease discharge into the public sewer system to levels not exceeding those permitted by ALCOSAN. Oil/grease discharges shall not exceed 200 ppm downstream of the interceptor or tap.
(b) 
It shall be the duty and responsibility of all owners, lessees or agents of all food preparation facilities and restaurants to, at a minimum of annually, inspect the grease interceptor or trap. A written record shall be kept of all inspections. The inspection record shall, at a minimum, list the name (inspector and company), address and phone number of the inspection/disposal company, the method and frequency of cleaning scheduled and the date of the cleaning/inspection. Such records shall be immediately presented to the Borough upon request. A more frequent cleaning/inspection schedule may be ordered to be performed by the facility when it is determined by the Borough that the facility is discharging excessive amounts of grease to the public sewer system.
(c) 
Grease and all debris removed from a trap or interceptor shall only be disposed of at a facility approved by the Allegheny County Health Department (ACHD) and/or the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Under no circumstances shall this material be deposited into another sanitary or storm sewer.
(d) 
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his/her expense, in continuously efficient operations at all times. Interceptors shall be cleaned at least once a week.
(e) 
Failure by the owner to properly clean and maintain these units shall be considered sufficient cause for disconnection of premises from the public sewer, and/or other enforcement actions and penalties as provided for in this article and/or by other, applicable law.
(4) 
Rate of flow control. Grease interceptors shall be equipped with devices to control the rate of water flow so that the water flow does not exceed the rated flow.
Capacity of Grease Interceptors
Total Flow-Through Rating
(gallons/minute)
Grease Retention Capacity
(pounds)
4
8
6
12
7
14
9
18
10
20
12
24
14
28
15
30
18
36
20
40
25
50
35
70
50
100
Due to the extra manpower, expertise, spare parts, and regular repair and maintenance required by sanitary sewer system pump stations, the Borough is hereby authorized to add a surcharge on top of sewer user charge/sewer rental rate imposed pursuant to Article VII, Chapter 212, of the Code of the Borough of Homestead to be assessed on all properties, residential or otherwise, that utilize a portion of the Homestead Sanitary Sewer System that requires the use of a pump station in order to pump wastewater or sewage through the system. Said surcharge shall be set by resolution in an amount calculated to cover all or part of the expense and cost of maintaining the pump station in proper working order.
A. 
Any person, firm or corporation who violates a provision of this article, or who fails to comply therewith, or any of the requirements thereof, shall be, upon conviction thereof, sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $1,000 for each violation, plus court costs and cost of prosecution incurred by the Borough, and in default of payment of said fine and costs, imprisonment to the extent permitted by law for the punishment of summary offenses.
B. 
Each day or portion thereof in which a violation of this article is found to exist shall constitute separate violation/offense. All fines and penalties for the violation(s) shall be paid to the Borough.
C. 
The aforementioned penalties shall not preclude or limit the Borough's ability to obtain such other or additional remedies or relief available to it under any other applicable laws including any and all right to commence appropriate actions in equity or otherwise to prevent, restrain, correct, enjoin or abate violation of this article.
A. 
In order to monitor compliance with this article and to enforce its terms, the Borough of Homestead Code Enforcement Officer, or other authorized Borough representatives, shall have the authority to enter, at any reasonable hour, a food preparation facility or restaurant located, in whole or in part, in the Borough. This right of entry and inspection shall be in addition to the right of entry and inspection hereby granted by this article, and by other applicable law, to the Allegheny County Health Department and ALCOSAN and their authorized representatives.