Township of Elizabeth, PA
Allegheny County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
All words used in this chapter shall carry their customary dictionary definitions as provided in the most recent edition of Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, except where specifically defined herein. Words used in the present tense shall include the future. The singular number shall include the plural, and the plural the singular. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not permissive; the word "may" is permissive. The words "used" or "occupied," as applied to any land or structures, shall be construed to include the words "intended, arranged or designed to be used or occupied." The word "person" shall include the individual, corporation, partnership, incorporated association or any other entity. Words in the masculine gender shall include the feminine gender. The words "includes" and "including" shall not limit the defined term to the specific examples, but are intended to extend the terms meaning to other instances of like kind and character.
The following words and phrases shall have the particular meaning specified in the purpose of interpreting this chapter:
ACCESS
A means of providing vehicular or pedestrian entrance to a property.
ACCESSORY USE OR STRUCTURE
A use or structure, located on the same lot with the principal use or structure, that is subordinate and incidental to the principal structure or use of the property and that may occupy a separate structure and/or area on or in the ground, including, but not limited to, storage sheds or other storage structures, off-street parking, signs, off-street loading, gazebos, children's playhouses, greenhouses for personal use, garages, carports, swimming pools, decks, fences, patios, walls, antennas and similar structures.
ADULT ARCADE
Any place to which the public is permitted or invited wherein coin-operated, slug-operated, or for any form of consideration, electronically, electrically, or mechanically controlled still or motion picture machines, projectors, video or laser disc players or other image-producing devices are maintained, not located within viewing booths, to show images to five or fewer persons per machine at any one time, and where the images so displayed are distinguished or characterized by the depicting or describing of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT BOOKSTORE or ADULT NOVELTY STORE
An establishment having a substantial or significant portion of its stock and trade in, or an establishment that as one of its principal business purposes offers for sale or rental, any of the following:
A. 
Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter, or photographs, films, motion pictures, video cassettes or video reproductions, slides, CD ROM discs or other computer software, and other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by their emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, and in conjunction therewith may have viewing booths or other facilities for the presentation of adult entertainment for observation by patrons; or
B. 
Instruments, devices, or paraphernalia that are designed for use in connection with specified sexual activities.
ADULT BUSINESS
Any of the following described uses: adult arcade, adult bookstore, adult novelty store, adult theater, escort agency, massage establishment, nude model studio or sexual encounter or meditation center, as described herein, and any other use of a premises, not specifically defined herein, that includes or primarily offers to its patrons or members retail goods, commercial services or entertainment that is characterized by an emphasis on matter or activities depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT CABARET
See "adult theater."
ADULT ENTERTAINMENT
One or more of the following:
A. 
An exhibition of any adult-oriented motion pictures, meaning those distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas; or
B. 
An activity, live performance, display or dance of any type, that has as a significant or substantial portion of the performance any actual or simulated performance of specified sexual activities or exhibition and viewing of specified anatomical areas or persons in a state of nudity; or
C. 
Films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions or visual presentations of any other kind that are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT MOTEL
A hotel or motel presenting adult motion pictures by means of closed circuit television, the material being presented having as a dominant theme or presenting material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or nudity, as defined herein.
ADULT THEATER
A theater (live, motion picture or mini-motion picture), tavern, banquet hall, party room, conference center, restaurant, nightclub, hall, auditorium, club, recreation center, indoor entertainment center or other commercial establishment that, as one of its principal business purposes, offers adult entertainment.
ADULT VIDEO STORE
Any commercial establishment where more than 5% of the inventory offered for sale or rental to the public consists of films, tapes, DVDs or other visual media that depict nudity or sexual conduct.
AGRICULTURE
Any principal or accessory use of land or structures for farming, dairying, pasturage, agriculture, horticulture, floriculture, arboriculture, or animal or poultry husbandry. Accessory uses permitted in conjunction with agriculture may include barns, stables, corncribs, silos and other uses or structures that are clearly related to an agricultural operation.
AGRICULTURE SALES
The selling of crops and related products raised on a farm to the general public.
AISLE
A paved area of a minimum width specified by this chapter that provides direct access to one or two rows of parking spaces and connects those parking spaces with the driveways that provide circulation through a parking area.
ALTERNATIVE HOUSING AND EDUCATIONAL FACILITY FOR NON-VIOLENT OFFENDERS
A facility comprised of one or more buildings, licensed by the appropriate governmental authorities, to provide housing, security and education/training programs for nonviolent offenders sentenced to penal institutions with or without work release privileges.
AMENDMENT
See "zoning amendment."
ANIMAL HOSPITAL
An establishment for the medical or surgical treatment of animals, including the boarding of hospitalized animals.
ANIMAL SHELTER
Any premises used for the care and protection of domestic pets rescued by humane officers or volunteers whether on a permanent basis or temporarily until the animals can be relocated and that may or may not include a kennel.
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer, as hereinafter defined, who has filed an application for development, including his heirs, successors and assigns.
ARBORETUM; CONSERVATORY
A place where trees, shrubs and plants are cultivated for scientific, educational or display purposes, including outdoor gardens and greenhouses.
ARTERIAL STREET
A public street that serves large volumes of high speed and long-distance traffic. Streets classified as arterial in the Township for the purposes of interpreting this chapter are: PA Route 48, PA Route 51 and PA Route 136.
ASSEMBLY
See "place of assembly."
AUTOMOBILE SERVICE STATION
A retail establishment that provides for one or more of the following:
A. 
The servicing of motor vehicles and operations incidental thereto and limited to the retail sale of petroleum products, and that may include one or more of the following activities: retail sales and installation of automotive accessories; automobile washing by hand; undercoating and rustproofing; waxing and polishing of automobiles; tire changing and repairing (excluding recapping); battery service, changing and replacement, excluding repair and rebuilding; radiator cleaning and flushing, excluding steam cleaning and repair; installation of accessories; and state inspection; and/or
B. 
The following operations, if conducted within a "completely enclosed building" as defined by this chapter: lubrication of motor vehicles; replacement of exhaust systems; brake servicing limited to servicing and replacement of brake cylinders, lines and brake shoes; wheel balancing; the testing, adjustment and replacement of servicing of carburetors, filters, generators, points, rotors, spark plugs, voltage regulators, water and fuel pumps, water hoses and wiring; and/or
C. 
The operation of a convenience food store, provided retail sale of petroleum products is a part of the operation.
BAR or TAVERN
A business that sells alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises as the principal use and that may offer food for consumption on the premises as an accessory use.
BASEMENT
That portion of the foundation of a building between the floor of the foundation and the floor of the first story of the building having a portion of its height below grade, but at least 1/2 of its height above the average grade of the adjoining ground.
BED-AND-BREAKFAST
A dwelling that is the principal residence of the operator where no more than four sleeping rooms are offered to transient overnight guests for compensation and where the only meal served and included with the overnight accommodations is breakfast.
BIKING/HIKING TRAIL
A paved or unpaved pathway used for walking or travelling by bicycle for exercise or recreation where motorized vehicles are prohibited except for emergency vehicles or maintenance vehicles.
BILLBOARD
Any off-premises sign with a changeable or permanent advertising face that advertises an establishment, person, activity, product or service that is unrelated to or not available on the premises on which the sign is located.
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
The Board of Commissioners of the Township of Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
BOARDING STABLE
The keeping of horses and ponies owned by persons other than the owner of the stable, or the rental of horses owned by the owner of the stable for a fee or other form of compensation, that may include training of horses, riding lessons and riding facilities.
BOAT LAUNCH
A public or private area at the shoreline with direct vehicular access utilized for unloading boats and setting them afloat in the water.
BOAT SALES AND SERVICE
A retail business devoted to the selling and servicing of motorized and nonmotorized pleasure craft, including the equipment and accessories necessary to the towing, use and operation of the boat.
BOTTLE CLUB
An establishment where customers, patrons or members bring or provide their own alcoholic beverages.
BRIDLE TRAIL
An unpaved pathway for riding horses for recreational purposes.
BUFFER AREA
A landscaped area of a certain depth specified by this chapter that shall be planted and maintained in trees, grass, ground cover, shrubs, bushes or other natural landscaping material and shall consist of a mix of types and sizes of plant material which, within three years of planting, meets the standard of providing a compact year-round visual screen at least six feet in height or an existing natural barrier, such as vegetation and/or topography, that duplicates the effect of the required buffer area, provided the natural barrier is maintained with vegetation or landscaping at all times.
BUILDING
A roofed structure, enclosed by walls to be used for shelter, enclosure or protection of persons, goods, materials and animals. (See also "completely enclosed building.")
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the finished grade at the front of the building to the highest point of the roof for flat roofs, to the deck lines of mansard roofs, and to the mean height between eaves and ridge for gable, hip and gambrel roofs.
BUILDING LINE, FRONT
A line parallel to or concentric with the front lot line, the minimum measurement of which is the front yard depth required by this chapter.
BUILDING SPACING
The minimum distance between two buildings on the same lot, measured from the outermost wall or projection, excluding bay windows, chimneys, flues, columns, ornamental features, cornices and gutters that project beyond the wall of the building no more than two feet.
BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL OFFICES
Any office of recognized professions, other than medical, such as lawyers, architects, engineers, real estate brokers, insurance agents and others who, through training, are qualified to perform services of a professional nature and other offices used primarily for accounting, corresponding, research, editing or other administrative functions, but not including banks or other financial institutions.
BUSINESS SERVICES
Establishments engaged in providing services to business offices on a fee or contract basis, including, but not limited to, advertising and public relations; management and consulting services; employment services; building security and maintenance services; equipment servicing, rental/leasing and sales; computer and data processing services; mailing, photocopying, quick printing and fax services; sale of office supplies; and similar business services; but not including the rental, sale or repair of vehicles or heavy equipment.
CAMPGROUND
A parcel of land used or intended to be used, let or rented for occupancy by campers or trailers or providing cabins, tent spaces or sleeping quarters of any kind.
CAR WASH
A facility, whether automatic, semiautomatic or manual, where the principal use is washing and polishing vehicles.
CARPORT
An attached or detached structure to house or protect motor vehicles, that is open to the weather for at least 40% of the total area of its sides.
CARTWAY
That portion of the street right-of-way that is surfaced for vehicular use, excluding curbs, shoulders and sidewalks.
CEMETERY
Property used for interring of dead persons or domestic pets, including mausoleums, columbariums, crematories and funeral homes when operated in conjunction with and within the boundaries of the cemetery.
CENTERLINE OF A STREET
A line that is usually at an equal distance from both edges of the cartway or established right-of-way.
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
A document issued by the Zoning Officer indicating that a premises for which a zoning certificate has been issued is ready for occupancy and is in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.
CHANGE IN USE OR OCCUPANCY
The discontinuance of a use of a building or lot followed by the establishment of a different use whether by the same owner or tenant or by a new owner or tenant.
CHURCH
A building or buildings, other than a dwelling, used primarily as a place of worship on a regular basis by a religious denomination that may also include, as accessory uses, rooms for religious education, social and recreational activities and administrative offices, rectories, parsonages, convents, preschool programs and elderly or child day-care centers.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
A triangular area of unobstructed vision at the intersection of two streets or of a driveway and a street defined by line of sight a given distance from the intersection of the centerlines of two streets or the centerlines of the driveway and the street. (See illustration in Appendix A.[1])
CLINIC, MEDICAL
See "medical clinic."
CLINIC, VETERINARY
See "veterinary clinic."
CLUB, PRIVATE
See "private club."
COLLECTOR STREET
A public street which, in addition to giving access to abutting lots, intercepts local streets and provides a route for carrying considerable volumes of local traffic to community facilities and arterial roads. Streets classified as collector streets in the township for the purposes of interpreting this chapter are: Blythedale Road, Boyds Hollow Road, Broadlawn Drive, Constitution Boulevard, Fallen Timber Road, Greenock - Buena Vista Road, Industry Road, Lovedale Road, Renzie Road, Ridge Road, Rock Run Road, Round Hill Road, Simpson Howell Road, Smithfield Street and Weigles Hill Road.
COMMERCIAL INDOOR RECREATION
An establishment operated by a profit-making corporation, partnership or other business entity for the pursuit of sports, amusement and recreational activities, available to the general public for a fee, where the principal use is conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building, including, but not limited to, such principal uses as health or racquet and/or swim clubs, fitness centers, roller or ice rinks, karate schools, gymnasiums, arenas, sports courts or playing fields, bowling alleys, amusement arcades, virtual reality and simulation gaming parlors, billiard parlors, shooting ranges, dance halls, live or motion picture theaters, but not including any adult business.
COMMERCIAL OUTDOOR RECREATION
An establishment operated by a profit-making corporation, partnership or other business entity for the pursuit of sports, amusement and recreational activities, available to the general public for a fee, where the principal use is outdoors, but which may include accessory uses that are indoors, including, but not limited to, such principal uses as miniature golf course, golf or batting practice facilities, ice rinks, roller blade parks, swimming pools, sports playing fields, ball parks, stadiums, amphitheaters, drive-in theaters, amusement parks, racetracks and similar facilities.
COMMERCIAL RECREATION
See "recreation, commercial."
COMMERCIAL SCHOOL
See "school, commercial."
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water, or a combination of land and water within a development site designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of the occupants or residents of a development, not including streets, parking areas or areas set aside for public facilities.
COMMUNICATIONS ANTENNA
Any structure designed for transmitting or receiving wireless communications of video, voice, data and similar transmissions, including, but not limited to, omnidirectional or whip antennas, directional or panel antennas and satellite or microwave dish antennas that may be mounted on an existing building, an existing public utility storage or transmission structure or an existing communications tower, excluding transmission and receiving devices licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) exclusively for private use by citizens.
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BUILDING
A manned or unmanned structure that contains the equipment necessary to maintain and operate communications antennas and that covers an area on the ground in excess of 200 square feet.
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT CABINET
An unmanned structure that contains the equipment necessary to maintain and operate communications antennas and that covers an area on the ground of no more than 200 square feet.
COMMUNICATIONS TOWER
Any structure, whether freestanding or attached to a building, designed to support multiple communications antennas, including monopole, self-supporting and guyed towers and one or more of the following mounts for antennas: rotatable platform, fixed platform, multipoint or side-arm mounts and pipe mounts for microwave dish antennas.
COMPLETELY ENCLOSED BUILDING
A building designed and constructed so that all exterior walls shall be solid from the ground to the roof line, containing no openings except for windows and doors which are designed so that they may be closed and any other small openings required for the ventilation system.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use authorized by this chapter that may be granted only by the Board of Commissioners following review by the Planning Commission and a public hearing subject to express standards and criteria contained in this chapter.
CONSERVATORY
See "arboretum; conservatory."
CONSTRUCTION
The construction, reconstruction, renovation, repair, extension, expansion, alteration or relocation of a building or structure, including the placement of mobile homes.
CONSTRUCTION TRAILER, TEMPORARY
A structure designed, used or constructed to provide temporary offices for construction supervision on the site of an approved subdivision or land development during the time that a valid building permit or grading permit is in effect.
CONSTRUCTION/DEMOLITION WASTE
Solid waste resulting from the construction or demolition of buildings and other structures, including but not limited to wood, plaster, metals, asphaltic substances, bricks, block and unsegregated concrete. The term also includes dredging waste. The term does not include the following if they are separate from other waste and are used as clean fill:
A. 
Uncontaminated dredging waste, soil, rock, stone, gravel, unused brick and block and concrete.
B. 
Waste from land clearing, grubbing and excavation, including trees, brush, stumps and vegetative materials.
CONTRACTING BUSINESS
The administrative offices of a business that provides landscaping, construction, remodeling, home improvement, land development and related services on a contractual basis and that may include the storage of materials, equipment and vehicles, provided all materials, equipment and vehicles are stored within a completely enclosed building.
CONTRACTOR'S YARD
An establishment that may or may not include administrative offices for a business that provides landscaping, construction, remodeling, home improvement, land development and related services on a contractual basis, but which involves the outdoor storage of all or part of the materials, equipment or vehicles used in the business.
CONVENIENCE STORE
A retail store with a gross floor area of 7,500 square feet or less, offering a limited selection of grocery, household and personal items for quick purchase and that may include the dispensing of gasoline.
CORNER LOT
A lot at the intersection of, and fronting on, two or more street rights-of-way.
COVERAGE
See "lot coverage."
CUT-OFF ANGLE
The angle formed by a line drawn from the direction of light rays at the light source and a line perpendicular to the ground from the light source, above which no light is emitted. (See Appendix B.)
DAY-CARE CENTER
A facility, licensed by the commonwealth, located within a building that is not used as a dwelling unit, for the care, on a regular basis, during part of a twenty-four-hour day of children under the age of 16 or handicapped or elderly persons.
DAY-CARE HOME
See "family day-care home."
DECK or PATIO
Any uncovered outdoor living area, without a roof, in excess of 24 square feet constructed on or above the surface of the ground.
DENSITY, DWELLING UNIT
See "dwelling unit density."
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, or agent of such landowner, or tenant, with the permission of such landowner, who makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to an improved or unimproved land or water area, including, but not limited to, construction of buildings or structures or additions thereto, mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The written and graphic materials describing a development, including a plat of subdivision, a planned residential development, all covenants relating to use, location and bulk of buildings and other structures, intensity of use or density of development, streets, ways, parking facilities, common open space and public facilities.
DIRECT VEHICULAR ACCESS
A curb cut on a private driveway leading directly to a public street right-of-way. In the case of the requirement for direct vehicular access to an arterial or collector street, the point of access shall be onto the arterial or collector street without traversing any other public street right-of-way.
DISTRICT
See "zoning district."
DOMESTIC PETS
Animals, fish or fowl customarily found in a dwelling and kept for company or pleasure, including, but not limited to, dogs and cats, provided there is not a sufficient number to constitute a kennel, as herein defined; hamsters, parakeets or canaries and similar small animals or birds, but not including any exotic animals such as lions, tigers, bears, ocelots or other feral cats or poisonous snakes, alligators, monkeys or other animals normally found in a zoo; nor any horses, pigs or other fowl or livestock customarily found on a farm.
DRIVE-THROUGH FACILITY
Any principal use or accessory use that involves a window, service lane, bay or other facility where customers are provided services either inside or outside their vehicles and where cars may or may not wait in line to access these services, including, but not limited to "drive-in" or "drive-through" windows at fast food restaurants, banks or other businesses, exterior automated teller machines (ATMs), quick oil change facilities, car washes and similar automotive services and other such facilities.
DRIVEWAY
A private vehicular way providing access between a street and a parking area or garage located on a lot.
DWELLING
A building designed exclusively as living quarters for one or more families, including single-family, two-family, triplex, fourplex, modular and multifamily dwellings, group care facilities, personal care boarding homes and transitional dwellings, but not including hotels, motels or boarding houses.
DWELLING TYPES
The following dwelling types are included in this chapter:
A. 
A detached residential building that is the only principal structure on the lot, designed exclusively for occupancy by one family, as defined herein, and containing one dwelling unit.
B. 
A residential building that is the only principal structure on the lot, designed exclusively for occupancy by two families living independently of each other, and containing two dwelling units, each with a separate entrance directly to the outside, including double houses and duplexes.
C. 
A residential building designed exclusively for occupancy by three families living independently of each other, containing three dwelling units, each having independent access directly to the outside and having no other units above or below, which units are attached at right angles to one another with the entrance to each unit facing a different direction.
D. 
A residential building designed exclusively for occupancy by four families living independently of each other, containing four dwelling units, each having independent access directly to the outside and having no other units above or below, which units are attached at right angles to one another with the entrance to each unit facing a different direction.
E. 
A residential building designed exclusively for occupancy be three or more families living independently of each other and containing three or more dwelling units, including triplexes, fourplexes, townhouses, garden apartments, mid-rise apartments and high-rise apartments.
F. 
A multifamily residential building no more than three stories in height containing three or more dwelling units that share a common entrance to the outside, usually through a common corridor, and which dwelling units may have other dwelling units either above or below them.
G. 
A multifamily residential building containing at least four but no more than six stories.
H. 
A multifamily residential building containing at least seven but no more than 10 stories.
I. 
A group living arrangement licensed by the commonwealth that provides room and board and specialized services to permanent residents that exceed the number authorized in the definition of family or that fail to meet the criteria for the group living arrangement established in the definition of family, including residents adjudicated by the Court system, but not including any short-term or transient residents as regulated by the definition of transitional dwelling or alternative housing and education facility for nonviolent offenders.
J. 
A single-family dwelling that is delivered to its site in at least two sections that are set upon a permanent foundation and the sections joined together. Such dwellings shall be certified as meeting the minimum standards for manufactured housing in Pennsylvania. Modular dwellings shall be permitted wherever single-family dwellings are allowed, provided they are installed on a permanent foundation and connected to all available utilities.
K. 
A dwelling licensed by the commonwealth where room and board is provided to more than three permanent residents, who are not relatives of the operator, excluding any residents adjudicated by the Court system, and who are mobile or semimobile and require specialized services for a period exceeding 24 consecutive hours in such matters as bathing, dressing, diet and medication prescribed for self-administration, but who are not in need of hospitalization or skilled nursing or intermediate nursing care.
L. 
A multifamily residential building, other than a triplex or fourplex, no more than 2 1/2 stories in height that contains at least three but no more than eight dwelling units, each of which are separated from the adjoining unit or units by a continuous, unpierced vertical wall extending from the basement to the roof, each unit having independent access directly to the outside and having no other units above or below.
M. 
A dwelling unit occupied on a short term basis by persons other than those assigned by a court of law, who are referred by a public, semipublic or nonprofit agency, and managed by a public, semipublic or nonprofit agency responsible for the occupants' care, safety, conduct, counseling and supervision for a specified period of time, including alcoholic recovery, shelters for battered persons and their children, maternity homes, community reentry services following incarceration, and other such short-term supervised assignments, but not including correctional facilities or alternative housing and educational facilities for nonviolent offenders, as defined herein.
DWELLING UNIT
Two or more rooms designed for or occupied by one family only and containing sleeping facilities, cooking and food storage facilities, and, in a separate room, toilet, and tub or shower, with hot and cold water supply, all for the exclusive use of the family occupying the dwelling unit.
DWELLING UNIT DENSITY
The number of dwelling units authorized by this chapter per acre of land.
EASEMENT
A right-of-way or other right to use property granted by the property owner to another, such as for access, drainage, utility lines, slope or other purposes.
EATING AND DRINKING ESTABLISHMENT
Retail businesses selling food and drink for consumption on the premises, including bars or taverns, fast service restaurants and full service restaurants.
EDUCATIONAL STUDIO
An establishment that provides training to individuals or groups in specialized recreational activities or avocations, including, but not limited to dance, gymnastics, martial arts, photography, arts and crafts and similar pursuits.
EQUIPMENT STORAGE YARD
An area of land devoted to the storage, whether temporary or permanent, of construction equipment, farm equipment or other heavy equipment or vehicles in excess of 26,000 pounds GVW, all of which are operable.
ESCORT
A person who, for consideration, agrees or offers to act as a companion, guide or date for another person, or who agrees or offers to privately model lingerie or to privately perform a striptease for another person.
ESCORT AGENCY
A person or business association who furnishes, offers to furnish or advertises to furnish escorts as one of its primary business purposes for a fee, tip or other consideration.
ESSENTIAL SERVICES
The provision of distribution and collection systems by public utilities, regulated by the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) or any agency, franchisee or authority of Elizabeth Township of underground or overhead gas, electrical, telephone, steam, or water lines, sewers, fire alarm boxes, traffic signals, hydrants, cable TV (not including towers) and accessories in connection therewith, reasonably necessary to furnish adequate services within Elizabeth Township to the general public.
A. 
An individual, or two or more persons related by blood, marriage, adoption or foster child care, including domestic servants or gratuitous guests thereof; or a group of not more than three unrelated persons living together without supervision in a dwelling unit, or not more than five persons living together in a group living arrangement with supervision, provided that the group living arrangement meets all of the following criteria:
(1) 
It provides nonrouting support services, including supervision, personal care, social or counseling services, and transportation, to persons who need such assistance in order to use and enjoy a dwelling or to avoid being placed within an institution, because of physical disability, old age, mental retardation, or other "handicap" or "disability" as defined by the Fair Housing Amendments Act or the Americans with Disabilities Act;
(2) 
It provides for the joint occupancy of a dwelling unit where the residents maintain a common household and practice, on a permanent or long-term basis, a joint economic, social and cultural life;
(3) 
It does not involve the housing of persons on a transient basis;
(4) 
It does not involve the housing or treatment of persons accepted for residence in the group living arrangement on the basis of their status as criminal offenders, juvenile offenders or delinquents, or who would otherwise qualify for residence by virtue of having been found by any governmental tribunal, court or agency to be a danger to society or are on release or under the jurisdiction of the criminal justice system, a government bureau of corrections or similar institution.
B. 
Family shall not include persons living together in a group care facility, personal care boarding home or transitional dwelling, as defined herein, or any other supervised group living arrangement for persons not protected by the Fair Housing Act or for any persons who constitute a direct threat to others or their physical property.
FAMILY DAY-CARE HOME
A facility, licensed or approved by the commonwealth, as required by the laws of the commonwealth, located within a dwelling in which the operator resides, for the care on a regular basis during part of a twenty-four-hour day of not more than six children under 16 years of age, including care provided to children who are relatives of the provider, where such use shall be secondary to the use of the dwelling for living purposes and shall meet all applicable requirements for home occupation.
FARM
Any lot or group of contiguous lots under single ownership on which agriculture is carried on as defined by this chapter, and shall include the residence or residences of owners, occupants or employees and any accessory farm buildings located on such land.
FENCE or WALL
A structure designed for the purpose of enclosing space or separating parcels of land. The term "fence or wall" shall not include retaining walls that are designed and approved in accordance with the Township Grading Ordinance.[2]
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
A bank, savings and loan association or similar institution that lends money or is engaged in a finance-related business.
FIRE AND EMERGENCY MEDICAL FACILITIES
A building owned and operated by a public agency or a nonprofit corporation used for the storage of fire trucks, fire-fighting equipment, ambulances and other emergency medical equipment and the training of firefighters, paramedics and other medical rescue personnel and that may or may not include offices, meeting rooms, exercise rooms, sleeping quarters for the employees or volunteers, kitchen facilities and a social hall.
FITNESS CENTER
See "health club or fitness center."
FLOOR AREA, GROSS
The sum of all the horizontal floor areas of a building, measured between exterior faces of walls.
FLOOR AREA, NET
The total floor area of a building designed for tenant occupancy or accessible to the customers, clients or general public, excluding storage areas, equipment rooms and common areas such as halls, corridors, stairwells, elevator shafts, restrooms, interior vehicular parking and loading areas and similar common areas, expressed in square feet and measured from the centerline of joint partitions and exteriors of outside walls.
FORESTRY
The management of forests and timberlands when practiced in accordance with accepted silvicultural principles, through developing, cultivating, harvesting, transporting and selling trees for commercial purposes which does not involve any land development.
FOURPLEX
See Subsection D under "dwelling types."
FRONT BUILDING LINE
See "building line, front."
FRONT LOT LINE
See "lot line, front."
FUNERAL HOME
A building used for the embalming of deceased human beings for burial and for the display of the deceased and ceremonies connected therewith before burial or cremation and which may include a crematory as an accessory use.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
An accessory building or a portion of the principal building, not accessible to the general public and designed or used for shelter or storage of private vehicles and personal property of the occupants of the principal building.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
A building, other than a private garage, containing two or more parking spaces accessible to the general public used for the storage or parking of motor vehicles, or where such vehicles are kept for remuneration, hire or sale, but not including the repair of vehicles or the storage of dismantled or wrecked motor vehicles.
GARAGE, REPAIR
See "vehicle repair garage."
GARDEN APARTMENT
See Subsection F under "dwelling types."
GARDEN CENTER
A retail establishment that sells flowers, plants, trees and other natural flora and products that aid their growth and care and which may include a greenhouse or the growing of plant material outside on the lot.
GENERAL MERCHANDISE STORE
A retail business that offers a sampling of a wide variety of merchandise categories, including, but not limited to, automotive, apparel, garden center, cards and gifts, crafts, groceries, drugs and sundries, jewelry, hardware, household home decorating items, furnishings, pet supplies, small appliances, sporting goods, toys and similar products.
GOLF COURSE
A recreational facility that has a course, with a minimum of nine regulation-size holes for playing golf as its principal use and that may have a clubhouse, locker rooms, restaurant, swimming pool, pro shop, facilities for racquet sports, maintenance facilities and similar facilities as accessory uses.
GROSS FLOOR AREA
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of a building measured between exterior faces of walls.
GROUP CARE FACILITY
See Subsection I under "dwelling types."
HABITABLE FLOOR AREA
Total floor area of all rooms in a dwelling excluding laundry, kitchen, bathrooms, closets, pantries or other storage areas, hallways, garage and basement recreation areas.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Any of the following materials or substances: acetone, ammonia, benzene, calcium carbide, carbon disulfide, celluloid, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, hydrocyanic acid, magnesium, nitric acid, nitric oxides, petroleum products, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, sulphur, sulphur products, pesticides, insecticides, fungicides and all poisons, flammable gases and radioactive substances.
HEALTH CLUB or FITNESS CENTER
A commercial recreational enterprise or private club that has as a principal use a gymnasium, swimming pool or other sports facility and that may offer massages, whirlpool baths, steam rooms, saunas and/or medical facilities as accessory uses to the principal use.
HEAVY MANUFACTURING
The mechanical or chemical transformation of raw materials or substances into new products or other raw materials or any manufacturing process not included in the definition of "light manufacturing" or "high technology industries."
HEIGHT OF BUILDING
See "building height."
HEIGHT OF STRUCTURE
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the finished grade around the structure to the highest point on the structure.
HIGH TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES
The assembly of component parts or the production of finished products, excluding any process that involves toxic or highly volatile substances, including computer components and accessories; electrical parts, accessories and equipment; laboratory apparatus; robotics; optical instruments; precision instruments; surgical, medical and dental instruments and supplies; timers and timepieces; search detection and navigational equipment; musical instruments and photographic equipment and accessories.
HIGH-RISE APARTMENT
See Subsection H under "dwelling types."
HOME OCCUPATION
An accessory use of a service character other than a no-impact home-based business, conducted entirely within a dwelling by the residents thereof, which use is clearly secondary to the use of the dwelling for living purposes and does not, in any way, change the character of the dwelling.
HOME-BASED BUSINESS, NO-IMPACT
See "no-impact home-based business."
HORTICULTURE
The science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants.
HOSPITAL
An establishment licensed by the commonwealth for the care of human patients suffering from physical or mental illnesses, and that may or may not include facilities for major surgery and that may be publicly or privately owned.
HOSPITAL, ANIMAL
See "animal hospital."
HOTEL
See "motel/hotel."
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Surfaces with a coefficient of runoff greater than 0.85, including all buildings, roofed areas, parking areas, driveways, streets, sidewalks and areas paved in concrete and asphalt and any other areas determined by the Township Engineer to be impervious within the meaning of this definition.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE COVERAGE
The percentage of the total lot area covered by impervious surfaces, as defined herein.
IMPROVEMENT
See "development."
JUNK YARD
Any premises devoted wholly or in part to the storage, buying or selling, salvaging, recycling or otherwise handling or dealing in scrap metals, building materials, scrapped or used appliances or other household goods, fixtures, vehicles and vehicle parts, machinery and machinery parts or other forms of discarded materials.
KENNEL
A structure and/or premises where dogs and/or cats are kept, bred, trained or boarded for profit.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels for any purpose involving:
A. 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively; or
B. 
A single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure, including any change of use or structural alteration that results in an increase in total lot coverage by structures and/or paving of 5,000 square feet or more; or
C. 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN
A plan prepared in accordance with the application requirements of the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance[3] for approval of a land development, as defined herein.
LANDFILL
A construction/demolition waste landfill or a municipal waste landfill.
LANDFILL, CONSTRUCTION/DEMOLITION WASTE
A facility using land exclusively for the disposal of construction/demolition waste. The term includes land affected during the lifetime of the operations, including, but not limited to, areas where disposal activities actually occur, support facilities, borrow pits, offices, equipment sheds, air and water pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated onsite contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed as a result of or incidental to the operation of the facility.
LANDFILL, MUNICIPAL WASTE
A facility using land for disposing of municipal waste. The facility includes land affected during the lifetime of the operations including, but not limited to, areas where disposal or processing activities actually occur, support facilities, borrow areas, offices, equipment sheds, air and water pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated on-site and contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility. This term does not include a construction/demolition waste landfill.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
LANDSCAPING PLAN
A plan prepared by a person knowledgeable in the characteristics of plant materials and the proper techniques for installing and maintaining them, including a registered architect or landscape architect or a member of the American Nurserymen's Association, identifying each tree and shrub by size, type and scientific name; the location of each, including a planting diagram; and such other diagrams or reports as are necessary to show the method of planting, staking and mulching, grass seeding specifications and mixtures and existing trees to be preserved, if any.
LIGHT MANUFACTURING
The processing and fabrication of certain materials and products where no process involved will produce noise, vibration, water pollution, fire hazard or noxious emissions which will disturb or endanger neighboring properties. Light manufacturing includes, but is not limited to, the production of the following goods: home appliances, electrical instruments, office machines, precision instruments, electronic devices, timepieces, jewelry, optical goods, musical instruments, novelties, wood products, printed material, lithographic plates, type composition, machine tools, dies and gauges, ceramics, apparel, lightweight nonferrous metal castings, film processing, light sheet metal products, plastic goods, pharmaceutical goods, food products, not including animal slaughtering, curing or rendering of fats, and similar activities.
LOADING SPACE
An area within a principal building or on the same lot with the principal building designed in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and used for the standing, loading or unloading of tractor-trailer trucks.
LOCAL STREET
Any street in the Township not defined by this chapter as an arterial or collector street.
LOT
A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
LOT AREA
The total area within the lot lines, excluding the area within any street right-of-way.
LOT COVERAGE
That portion of the lot area covered by all principal and accessory structures expressed as a percentage.
LOT FRONTAGE
That portion of the lot that adjoins the street right-of-way or through which access is provided to a public street.
LOT LINE
A line of record bounding a lot which divides one lot from another lot or from a public or private street or other public space.
LOT LINE REAR
That lot line which is generally opposite the front lot line.
LOT LINE SIDE
Any lot line which is not a front lot line or rear lot line.
LOT LINE, FRONT
That lot line which is contiguous with the street right-of-way line or in the case where the lot line is contiguous with the street centerline, the front lot line shall be considered to be coterminous with the street right-of-way line. In the case of a lot which has no frontage on a street, the front lot line shall be the lot line through which vehicular access is provided, regardless of which way the dwelling faces.
LOT OF RECORD
Any lot which, individually, or as part of a subdivision, has been recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds of Allegheny County.
LOT WIDTH
The straight line distance between the point of intersection of the front building line with the side lot lines.
LOT, CORNER
See "corner lot."
MANUFACTURED HOME
A factory built single-family dwelling that meets the National Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act (42 U.S.C. § 5401) of 1976 intended for permanent occupancy and having a minimum floor area of 720 square feet.
MANUFACTURING
The mechanical or chemical transformation of raw materials or substances into new products or other raw materials, including the assembling of component parts, the manufacturing of products and the blending of materials into finished or semifinished products.
MANUFACTURING, HEAVY
See "heavy manufacturing."
MANUFACTURING, LIGHT
See "light manufacturing."
MARINA
A facility for the storing, servicing, fueling, berthing and securing of boats that may or may not include eating, sleeping and convenience retail facilities for boat owners, crew and guests.
MASSAGE ESTABLISHMENT
Any establishment or business which provides the services of massage and body manipulation, including exercises, heat and light treatments of the body, and all forms and methods of physiotherapy, unless operated by a medical practitioner, chiropractor or professional physical therapist licensed by the commonwealth. This definition does not include an athletic club, health club, school, gymnasium, reducing salon, spa or similar establishment where massage or similar manipulation of the human body is offered as an incidental or accessory service.
MEDIATION
A voluntary negotiating process in which parties to a dispute mutually select a neutral mediator to assist them in jointly exploring and settling their differences, culminating in a written agreement which the parties themselves create and consider acceptable.
MEDICAL CLINIC
Any establishment, including mobile diagnostic units, where human patients receive medical, dental, chiropractic, psychological and surgical diagnosis, treatment and counseling under the care of a group of licensed medical doctors and dentists and their supporting staff, where said patients are not provided with board or room or kept overnight on the premises.
MEDICAL OFFICES
One or more administrative offices of individual doctors, dentist, chiropractors or other medical practitioners and their supporting staffs where human patients receive diagnosis, treatment and counseling.
METHADONE CLINIC
A facility licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Health to use the drug methadone in the treatment, maintenance and detoxification of persons.
MID-RISE APARTMENT
See Subsection G under "dwelling types."
MINERAL REMOVAL
Any extraction of any mineral for sale or other commercial purpose which involves removal of the surface of the earth or exposure of the mineral or subsurface of the earth to wind, rain, sun or other elements of nature. The term "mineral" includes, but is not limited to, anthracite and bituminous coal, lignite, limestone and dolomite, sand, gravel, rock, stone, earth, slag, ore, vermiculite, clay and other mineral resources, excluding mining activities carried out beneath the surface of the earth by means of shafts, tunnels or other underground mine openings.
MINI-WAREHOUSE or SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
A building or group of buildings in a controlled access and fenced compound that contains various sizes of individual, compartmentalized and controlled access stalls and/or lockers leased to the general public for a specified period of time for the dead storage of personal property.
MOBILE HOME
A transportable, single-family dwelling intended for permanent occupancy, contained in one unit, or in two or more units designed to be joined into one integral unit capable of again being separated for repeated towing, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used without a permanent foundation.
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land in a mobile home park improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home.
MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which has been so designated and improved that it contains two or more mobile home lots for the placement of mobile homes.
MODEL HOME
The temporary use of a dwelling unit in an approved plan that is under construction for the purpose of marketing dwelling units to be constructed.
MODULAR DWELLING
See Subsection J under "dwelling types."
MOTEL/HOTEL
An establishment which offers transient overnight lodging accommodations, including extended stays, to the general public and which also may provide additional supporting services such as restaurants, meeting rooms, recreation facilities and living quarters for a resident manager or proprietor.
MULTIFAMILY DWELLING
See Subsection E under "dwelling types."
MUSEUM
An establishment operated by a public agency or a nonprofit organization devoted to the procurement, preservation, study and display of documents, artifacts, memorabilia or other objects of social, historical or cultural significance.
NATURE CENTER
An indoor or outdoor place devoted to the study of the history and sciences related to the physical environment.
NATURE PRESERVE
An area of land protected either by governmental ownership or by conservation easements where human activities are limited and the existing natural habitats and environment are protected from man-made changes.
NATURE TRAIL
A paved or unpaved pathway through a natural area used for observing birds, animals and plant materials in their natural habitat or environment.
NET FLOOR AREA
See "floor area, net."
NO-IMPACT HOME-BASED BUSINESS
A business or commercial activity administered or conducted as an accessory use which is clearly secondary to the use as a residential dwelling and which involves no customer, client or patient traffic (whether vehicular or pedestrian), nor any pick-up, delivery or removal functions to or from the premises in excess of those normally associated with residential use.
NONCONFORMING LOT
Any lot, the area or dimension of which was lawful prior to the adoption or amendment of this chapter, but which fails to conform to the requirements of the zoning district in which it is located by reasons of such adoption or amendment.
NONCONFORMING SIGN
Any sign which was lawfully erected and maintained prior to the adoption or amendment of this chapter, which fails to conform to all applicable regulations and restrictions of this article.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE
A structure or part of a structure which does not comply with the applicable area and bulk provisions of this chapter or amendment heretofore or hereafter enacted, where such structure lawfully existed prior to the enactment of this chapter or an amendment thereto, or prior to the application of this chapter or amendment to its location by reason of annexation. Nonconforming signs are included in this definition.
NONCONFORMING USE
A use, whether of land or of a structure which does not comply with the applicable use provisions in this chapter or amendment heretofore or hereafter enacted, where such use was lawfully in existence prior to the enactment of this chapter or an amendment thereto, or prior to the application of this chapter or amendment to its location by reason of annexation.
NUDE MODEL STUDIO
Any place where a person who appears in a state of nudity, or who displays specified anatomical areas and is provided to be observed, sketched, drawn, painted, sculptured, photographed, or similarly depicted by other persons who pay money or any form of consideration. "Nude model studio" shall not include a proprietary school licensed by the State of Pennsylvania or a college, junior college or university supported entirely or in part by public taxation; a private college or university which maintains and operates education programs in which credits are transferable to a college, junior college or university supported entirely or partly by taxation; or in a structure:
A. 
That has no sign visible from the exterior of the structure and no other advertising that indicates a nude person is available for viewing; and
B. 
Where in order to participate in a class a student must enroll at least three days in advance of the class; and
C. 
Where no more than one nude model is on the premises at any one time.
NUDITY or A STATE OF NUDITY
The showing of any part of the human male or female genitals, pubic area, vulva, anus, anal cleft or cleavage with less than a fully opaque covering, the showing of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple, or the showing of the covered male genitals in a discernible turgid state.
NURSING HOME
An institution licensed by the commonwealth for the care of human patients requiring skilled nursing or intermediate nursing care, but not including facilities for major surgery or care and treatment of drug or alcohol addiction.
OFFICES, BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL
See "business or professional offices."
OFFICES, MEDICAL
See "medical offices."
OIL AND GAS DRILLING
The removal of oil and natural gas resources for sale or other commercial purposes, including the structures and equipment necessary to accomplish the removal.
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
See "common open space."
OUTDOOR SALES
Any display of merchandise outside an enclosed building which is offered for sale, regardless of whether the purchase is completed indoors or outdoors.
OWNER
See "landowner."
PARKING AREA
A portion of a lot designated for the parking of motor vehicles in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
PARKING SPACE
A portion of a garage or parking area designated for the parking of one motor vehicle in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
PERMITTED USE
An authorized use specifically allowed as a matter of right subject to compliance with all applicable requirements of this chapter and land development plan approval, if applicable, and review and approval by the Zoning Officer.
PERSON
An individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity.
PERSONAL CARE BOARDING HOME
See Subsection K under "dwelling types."
PERSONAL SERVICES
Any enterprise providing services to a person, their apparel or personal effects commonly carried on or about their person, including, but not limited to, shoe repair, tailoring, clothes cleaning, watch repair, beauty shops, barber shops, tanning and nail salons and the like.
PET SERVICES
A business establishment that sells pet food and other pet care products to the general public and that may offer pet grooming and limited veterinary services as accessory uses; or a business establishment that offers services for the bathing and conditioning of domestic pets or the care during part of a twenty-four-hour day of domestic pets as a principal use and which may sell food or other pet care products as an accessory use; provided the uses shall not include an animal hospital or kennel, as otherwise regulated by this chapter.
PLACE OF ASSEMBLY
An indoor or outdoor space without fixed seating used for public gatherings for religious, recreational, educational, cultural, political, social or entertainment purposes.
PLANNED RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
An area of land, controlled by a landowner, to be developed as a single entity for a number of dwelling units, or combination of residential and nonresidential uses, the development plan for which does not correspond in lot size, bulk, type of dwelling, use, intensity, lot coverage and required open space to the otherwise applicable zoning district regulations.
PLANNED SHOPPING CENTER
A site under single ownership and control which is developed as a unit for two or more retail businesses in one or more buildings and designed with shared parking, loading and access facilities and uniform signage.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
PORCH
A roofed or uncovered accessory structure without enclosing walls with an area of more than 24 square feet that is attached to or part of the principal building and which has direct access to and from the principal building.
PRESCHOOL FACILITY
An establishment which offers private educational services to children who are under the minimum age for education in public schools.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
The building structure in which the principal use is conducted.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary or predominant use to which the property is or may be devoted, and to which all other uses on the premises are accessory.
PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment engaged in commercial or job printing, including offset printing, engraving, photolithographing, and publishing and binding books, newspapers, pamphlets and other printed materials.
PRIVATE
Owned, operated and controlled by an individual, group of individuals, association or corporation, not for profit, and restricted to members and their guests.
PRIVATE CLUB
Any establishment operated by a private organization for social, recreational, educational, fraternal or sororal purposes, which is open only to members and their guests and not to the general public.
PRIVATE GARAGE
See "garage, private."
PRIVATE RECREATION
See "recreation, private."
PRIVATE STABLE
The keeping of horses and/or ponies for personal use and enjoyment of the residents of the lot, not involving any profit-making activity.
PRIVATE STREET
A street, including the entire private right-of-way, which is privately owned and maintained and which is intended for private, rather than public, use.
PROFESSIONAL OFFICES
See "business or professional offices."
PUBLIC
Owned, operated or controlled by a government agency, federal, state, county or local.
PUBLIC GARAGE
See "garage, public."
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum held pursuant to notice under the Act of July 3, 1986 (P.L. 388, No 84), known as the "Sunshine Act."[4]
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
PUBLIC PARKING GARAGE
A parking area which is located in a parking structure or parking garage, which is the principal use on the lot and which may be operated by either a public agency or private entity, whether for profit or not, and which is available for use by the general public, usually for a fee.
PUBLIC PARKING LOT
A parking area on the surface of the ground which is the principal use on the lot, which may be operated by either a public agency or private entity, whether for profit or not, and which is available for use by the general public, usually for a fee.
PUBLIC RECREATION
See "recreation, public."
PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
Any administrative building, maintenance building, garage or other structure intended for human occupancy or storage of movable equipment or any part of the essential public utility installation, as defined herein, other than the general transmission distribution system provided by public utilities regulated by the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) or any agency, franchisee or authority of Elizabeth Township which is reasonably necessary to furnish adequate services to the general public both within Elizabeth Township and outside the Township, including, but not limited to, long-distance transmission facilities such as electrical power lines or high pressure natural gas or petroleum lines, switching facilities, substations, treatment plants, reservoirs, water towers, transmission towers and similar facilities.
RECREATION, COMMERCIAL INDOOR
See "commercial indoor recreation."
RECREATION, COMMERCIAL OUTDOOR
See "commercial outdoor recreation."
RECREATION, PRIVATE
An enterprise operated by an individual or nonprofit association or corporation, other than a public entity, for the pursuit of sports and recreational activities, which may be advertised to the general public, but the use of which is limited to members and their guests including, but not limited to, such establishments as country clubs, golf courses, sportsman's club, golf practice facilities, playing fields, tennis or racquet clubs, swimming pools and similar facilities.
RECREATION, PUBLIC
An enterprise owned and operated by a public entity, available to the general public, whether or not an admission fee is charged, including either indoor or outdoor facilities for the pursuit of sports, recreation or leisure activities, including, but not limited to, parks, playgrounds, playing fields, golf courses, golf or batting practice facilities, ice rinks, tennis courts, swimming pools and similar facilities.
RECREATION-RELATED COMMERCIAL USES
Retail stores and services that are directly related to the needs of persons using the recreational facilities on public hiking or biking trails, Round Hill Regional Park or similar public recreation facilities, including, but not limited to, concession stands, ice cream stores, delicatessens or other food services, bicycle rental, bicycle repair, pro shops, sporting goods rental or sales and similar uses.
REPAIR SHOP
A service establishment providing maintenance and repairs of personal and household items that can be carried in by hand, including personal effects (such as jewelry, watches, bicycles), small household appliances, office equipment, small gasoline engines and similar items, but not including repair of large appliances, motorized vehicles or heavy equipment.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Any establishment, including laboratories, which carries on investigation in the natural, physical or social sciences or engineering and development as an extension of such investigation with the objective of creating end products and which may include supporting storage and transportation facilities.
RESTAURANT, FAST SERVICE
An establishment where food and beverages are served for consumption either on or off the premises and where the primary method of operation involves the serving of food in edible or disposable containers.
RESTAURANT, FULL-SERVICE
An establishment where food and beverages are served to customers at a table or counter by a restaurant employee and where customers are given an individual menu and/or are offered buffet service which includes a complete meal. Full-service restaurants may also offer take-out service as a secondary and minor portion of their operations.
RETAIL BUSINESS
Any establishment not otherwise specifically defined in this article that sells on the premises commodities and/or services directly to consumers, but not including the manufacturing or processing of any products.
RETIREMENT COMMUNITY
A residential development designed primarily or exclusively for occupancy by elderly or retired persons and that features one or more of the following special services associated with the needs of elderly or retired persons such as transportation, limited nursing facilities, dispensaries, common dining facilities, minimum maintenance, laundry service, recreation programs, personal services (such as beauty and barber shops, or cleaner's valet service), florist and/or gift shop, doctor's offices, branch bank, postal service and similar services or facilities.
RIDING ACADEMY
An establishment where horses are boarded and cared for and where instruction in riding, jumping and showing is offered for a fee and where horses may be hired for riding.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
Land reserved or dedicated for use as a street, crosswalk or other means of travel, or other public or private purposes, including existing and future rights-of-way.
SALES OFFICE
A temporary use for the purpose of marketing the dwelling units in a residential development or the leasable space or other occupancy in a nonresidential development.
SALVAGE YARD
Any premises devoted to the dismantling or wrecking of used motor vehicles, trucks, trailers, farm equipment or mobile homes or the storage, sale, crushing or dumping of dismantled or partially dismantled, obsolete or wrecked vehicles or their parts, but not including the reassembly of any vehicles or equipment for resale.
SCHOOL, COMMERCIAL
A privately operated, for-profit establishment providing technical or skilled training, vocational or trade educational courses and programs.
SCHOOL, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
An accredited institution of learning which offers elementary and secondary level instruction or which offers associate, bachelor or higher degrees in the several branches of learning required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
SEAT
The area required for one individual to sit on as regulated by the Township Building Code.
SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
See "mini-warehouse or self-storage facility."
SERVICE STATION, AUTOMOBILE
See "automobile service station."
SEXUAL CONDUCT
Patently offensive representations or descriptions of ultimate sexual acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, and patently offensive representations, descriptions or acts of masturbation, excretory functions, homosexuality, sodomy, sexual intercourse or physical contact with a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or, if such person be female, breast.
SEXUAL ENCOUNTER OR MEDITATION CENTER
A business, agency or person which, for consideration, provides for commercial purposes a place where persons, not all members of the same family, may congregate, assemble or associate for the purpose of engaging in sexual conduct or exposing specified anatomical areas as defined herein.
SHOPPING CENTER
See "planned shopping center."
SIGN
Any structure or device used to attract attention by word or graphic display.
SIGN TYPES
See definitions for various types of signs in Article XVII.
SIGN, SURFACE AREA OF
The area enclosed by one continuous line, connecting the extreme points or edges of an advertising panel containing letters; or the sum of the areas of each letter, in the case of freestanding letters which are mounted on a building wall, rather than painted on or affixed to an advertising panel. In the case of freestanding pole or ground signs, this area shall not include the main supporting sign structure, but shall include all other ornamental attachments and connecting features which are not part of the main supports of the sign. In the case of letters which are painted on or affixed to an awning or canopy, rather than mounted on a wall or affixed to an advertising panel, the area of the signs shall be the area of the geometric shape formed by outlining the height and width of all of the letters, including the space between the individual letters. For two-sided signs, only one face is counted in computing the surface area.
SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING
See Subsection A under "dwelling types."
SITE
A tract of land or one or more contiguous lots proposed for development.
SITE AREA
The total area within the boundary lines of a site proposed for development, expressed in acres or square feet.
SLOPE
The degree of rise or descent of the land surface calculated by dividing the number of feet of vertical rise/descent in elevation by the number of feet of horizontal distance, expressed as a percentage.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
See "use by special exception."
SPECIFIED ANATOMICAL AREAS
Human genitals, pubic region, anus, buttocks, female breast(s) below a point immediately above the top of the areola, or human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state even if completely covered.
SPECIFIED SEXUAL ACTIVITIES
Any of the following:
A. 
The fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus or female breasts;
B. 
Sex acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including intercourse, oral copulation, masturbation or sodomy; or
C. 
Human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal.
SPORTS COURT
A surfaced outdoor area accessory to a dwelling or dwellings, used for playing sports, including, but not limited to, tennis, handball, basketball and similar sports.
STABLE, BOARDING
See "boarding stable."
STABLE, PRIVATE
See "private stable."
STOOP
A covered or uncovered porch located at a front, side or rear door to a dwelling unit not exceeding 24 square feet in area.
STORY
That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or, if there is no floor above it, then the space between any floor and the ceiling next above it, excluding cellars.
STREET
A public or private recorded right-of-way which affords primary means of vehicular access to abutting property, but not including alleys.
STREET LINE
The legal right-of-way line which forms the dividing line between the street and the lot.
STREET, PUBLIC
A public right-of-way dedicated and open for public use which has been adopted by the Township, County, commonwealth or other governmental body.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
A change or rearrangement of the structural parts or in the exit facilities, or an enlargement or diminution of the structure, whether by extending on the side or increasing the height or depth, or the moving from one location or position to another.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water whether or not affixed to the land.
STRUCTURE, HEIGHT OF
See "height of structure."
SUBDIVISION
The division of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts or parcels or other division of land including any changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the Court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided, however, that the subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
SUPPLY YARD
A commercial establishment engaged in storing and selling building supplies, industrial supplies or feed and grain primarily to businesses, rather than the general public.
SWIMMING POOL
Any body of water or receptacle for water having a depth at any point greater than two feet and a surface area greater than 100 square feet, used or intended to be used for swimming or bathing and constructed, installed or maintained outside any building.
TAVERN
See "bar or tavern."
TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION TRAILER
See "construction trailer, temporary."
TEMPORARY USE OR STRUCTURE
Any use or structure that is intended to be used either on a seasonal basis, during the time of construction and completion of an approved development or for any other period of time that is six months or less.
TOWNHOUSE
See Subsection L under "dwelling types."
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
TRAFFIC IMPACT ANALYSIS
A study prepared by a qualified traffic engineer in accordance with the technical requirements specified in the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance[5] analyzing the expected trip generation from a proposed development using the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) current standards and the impact of the traffic generated by the proposed development on the capacities and levels of service of all streets and intersections in the vicinity of the site.
TRAIL
See "biking/hiking trail," "bridle trail," "nature trail."
TRANSITIONAL DWELLING
See Subsection M under "dwelling types."
TRIPLEX
See Subsection C under "dwelling types."
TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT RENTAL, SALES AND SERVICE
An establishment engaged in the rental, sale and/or service of vehicles in excess of 26,000 pounds GVW and/or any other heavy equipment, including, but not limited to, construction or farm equipment, whether or not the equipment is classified as a motor vehicle.
TRUCK TERMINAL
A facility to accommodate the fueling, routine maintenance and storage of trucks and other motorized equipment and trailers and which may provide warehousing and transfer facilities, as accessory uses.
TWO-FAMILY DWELLING
See Subsection B under "dwelling types."
USE
The purpose, business or activity for which any land or structure is utilized.
USE BY SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A use authorized by this chapter which may be granted only by the Zoning Hearing Board following a public hearing subject to express standards and criteria contained in this chapter.
VARIANCE
A departure from the specific regulations of this chapter which may be granted by the Zoning Hearing Board in accordance with the criteria established by the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code (Act 247, as amended)[6] for a particular piece of property which because of special circumstances applicable to it, cannot be developed in compliance with the literal terms of this chapter without undue physical hardship.
VEHICLE ACCESSORIES SALES AND INSTALLATION
An establishment engaged in the retail sales and installation of accessories for trucks, automobiles and motorcycles, including, but not limited to, such items as tires, hubcaps, mirrors, seat covers, floor mats, tonneau covers, truck caps, windshield wipers, trim packages, running boards and the like, but not including any mechanical parts.
VEHICLE RENTAL, SALES AND SERVICE
The rental, sales and service of automobiles, motorcycles and trucks under 26,000 pounds GVW, but not including any heavy equipment or any other vehicle or equipment which is not classified as a "motor vehicle" under the Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code.[7]
VEHICLE REPAIR GARAGE
A building, or part thereof, used for the servicing and repair of motor vehicles, including engine overhaul, body work and recapping/retreading of tires and where all storage of parts and dismantled vehicles and all repair work are conducted entirely inside a "completely enclosed building," as defined by this chapter.
VENTILATING SHAFTS
Structures and appurtenant facilities to permit the introduction of air, or evacuation of air and other gases, from underground coal mines, and whether or not there shall be incorporated in said structures and appurtenant facilities emergency escape facilities for men, and also whether or not certain of the functions permitted for bore holes shall also be incorporated.
VETERINARY CLINIC
An establishment where animals are examined and treated by veterinarians and which may include indoor kennels for temporary boarding of animals during treatment.
VIEWING BOOTHS
Booths, stalls, partitioned portions of a room, cubicles, compartments, rooms or other enclosures which are available to members of the public, patrons or members for viewing (1) films, movies, videos or visual reproduction of any kind depicting or describing "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas," or (2) persons who appear in a state of nudity or who offer performances or presentations characterized by the exposure of "specified anatomical areas" or by "specified sexual activities," as defined by this chapter.
WAREHOUSING AND DISTRIBUTION
A building used for the storage and handling of freight or merchandise, but not including the maintenance or fueling of commercial vehicles. Warehousing which is incidental to retail sales and which does not constitute in excess of 30% of the total floor area of the retail establishment shall be excluded from this definition.
WHOLESALE BUSINESS
An establishment engaged in selling merchandise to retailers, institutional, commercial or professional business customers or other wholesalers, rather than to the general public, or acting as a broker for such merchandise sales.
YARD
A required open space located on a lot which is unobstructed by any portion of a principal structure, other than certain projections expressly permitted by this chapter.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending between the side lot lines across the full lot width from the front lot line to a line parallel to the front lot line known as the front building line, the minimum horizontal distance required by this chapter.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending across the rear of the lot between the required side yard lines parallel to the rear lot line, the minimum horizontal distance required by this chapter.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending from the required front building line to the rear lot line parallel to the side lot line, the minimum horizontal distance required by this chapter.
ZONING AMENDMENT
A change to the text of this chapter or to the Zoning District Map proposed for adoption by the Board of Commissioners pursuant to the procedures specified in this chapter.
ZONING CERTIFICATE
A document issued by the Zoning Officer indicating that approval of a conditional use has been granted by the Board of Commissioners, or approval of a use by special exception has been granted by the Zoning Hearing Board or approval has been granted by the Zoning Officer for a permitted use by right, pursuant to the procedures of this chapter indicating compliance with all applicable requirements of this chapter, which approval is prerequisite to the issuance of a building permit and/or certificate of occupancy, but which does not include approval of the structural integrity of the proposed construction or the materials or methods of construction proposed.
ZONING DISTRICT
An area accurately defined as to boundaries and location on the Zoning District Map and within which area only certain types of land uses are permitted and within which other types of land uses are excluded, as set forth in this chapter.
ZONING DISTRICT MAP
The official map delineating the zoning districts of Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, together with all amendments subsequently adopted which is incorporated in and made a part of this chapter by reference thereto.
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Zoning Hearing Board of the Township of Elizabeth, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
ZONING OFFICER
That person appointed by the Elizabeth Township Board of Commissioners and charged with the responsibility of administering and enforcing this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: Said appendix is included as an attachment to this chapter.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 9, Grading and Excavating.
[3]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 22, Subdivision and Land Development.
[4]
Editor's Note: See 65 Pa.C.S.A. § 701 et seq.
[5]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 22, Subdivision and Land Development.
[6]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[7]
Editor's Note: See 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq.