Town of New Canaan, CT
Fairfield County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
This instrument, amending the Charter of the Town of New Canaan, shall be known as the "Charter."
In the interpretation of the Charter, the words and phrases set forth in this section shall be construed and defined, unless otherwise clearly qualified by their context, as follows:
BYLAW, BYLAWS
Rule or rules for the government of officers, boards, commissions or committees of the Town.
ELECTOR
A resident of the Town of New Canaan qualified by law to vote in a Town election.
FIRST SELECTMAN
The chief executive and chief administrative officer of the Town elected to said office in accordance with the state statutes.
GENERAL STATUTES
The Connecticut General Statutes, as amended.
GRAND LIST
The list of the assessed values of taxable property in the Town, and including the list of the assessed values of taxable property in the sewer taxing district.
HIGHWAY
Any public road, street, way, etc., including unimproved portions within the limits of the right-of-way.
OFFICE OF TRUST OR EMOLUMENT
Any appointed or elected office for which an oath of office is administered or a salary, wages, or fees are paid, including Town employees and Town officers described in § C2-1.
ORDINANCE, ORDINANCES
Rule or rules and regulations or local laws enacted by the Town's legislative body and affecting or regulating the general public within the Town.
PUBLISH, PUBLISHED or PUBLICATION
Publication shall be consistent with the governing General Statutes. If required by the General Statutes, publication shall be in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the Town. If not required by the General Statutes, the Town may enact an ordinance providing for publication by any legal means, or in any legal manner, that provides for widespread dissemination by electronic means to Town residents.
SELECTMEN
The Board of Selectmen of the Town, consisting of three elected members and including the First Selectman.
SEWER TAXING DISTRICT
That real property in the Town so situated that it is served or is capable of being served by the sewerage system of the Town, the boundaries of which have been established or delineated by the Town.
TAXPAYER, TAXPAYERS
When used to describe a qualification for public office, the owner or owners of real property assessed therefore upon the last completed Grand List or the husband or wife of such owner of real property.
TOWN
The Town of New Canaan, Connecticut.
TOWN COUNCIL
The legislative body of the Town having the legislative powers provided in the Charter or the General Statutes.
TOWN SEAL
The common seal of the Town.
WARNING
A statement prescribed by the Charter or by the General Statutes giving notice of the date, hour, place, as well as the purpose of any event, meeting or public hearing of the Town Council or of any official, board, commission or committee of the Town.
The Town shall retain and may exercise every power and privilege possessed by it at the time this Charter shall take effect and all powers and privileges granted to towns by the General Statutes not inconsistent herewith. The enumeration hereinafter of specific powers shall not be construed as limiting the powers heretofore possessed or herein confirmed and granted. The Town shall have the power:
(1) 
To lay out, establish, accept, maintain or discontinue public streets, highways and other public places, establish the boundaries and fix the grades thereof, and to adopt and enforce rules and regulations governing the opening of such streets, highways and public places for the purpose of laying water mains, electric conduits, sewers and gas mains or for making any connections therewith or for any other purpose.
(2) 
To establish sidewalks, determine the width and materials thereof and to fix grades therefor and to establish building and curblines.
(3) 
To provide for the lighting of streets, highways and other public places.
(4) 
To adopt and enforce police regulations concerning traffic upon and other use of the streets, highways and other public places.
(5) 
To establish and maintain a system or systems of public sewerage and to adopt and enforce rules and regulations governing the operation and use thereof; to establish and maintain a public system or systems for the collection and disposal, or either of them, of garbage and refuse and to adopt and enforce rules and regulations governing the operation and use of any such system and the collection and disposal of garbage and refuse by individuals, firms or corporations.
(6) 
To provide and maintain a system of public water supply and distribution for domestic, business and industrial use, and for fire protection.
(7) 
To establish and maintain a police force; to establish and provide for and maintain an adequate system of fire protection and to adopt and enforce rules and regulations governing the same.
(8) 
To establish a retirement and pension system or systems for members of the police force and fire department, and to provide for a retirement payment or pension to any paid or salaried officer or employee of the Town upon his or her retirement.
(9) 
To adopt and enforce rules and regulations governing the design, construction and use of buildings and all electrical, gas, heating and plumbing installations.
(10) 
To adopt and enforce sanitary rules and regulations.
(11) 
To take private property for public use upon paying just compensation therefor.
(12) 
To levy, assess and collect taxes to pay the Town debt, defray its lawful expenses and to promote its general welfare.
(13) 
To make and collect assessments upon property receiving the benefit of special improvements and to award damages in proper cases by reason of any public improvement, provided such assessments or awards of damage shall be levied or awarded equally upon all property similarly situated, benefited or affected.
(14) 
To lay and collect a sewer tax upon all property receiving the benefit of any public sewer, whether such property is connected therewith or not, provided such tax shall be levied equally upon all property similarly situated or benefited, such tax to be so computed and laid as to provide a revenue sufficient to meet the cost of maintaining the public sewerage system or systems and to pay the interest on all outstanding sewer or filtration bonds heretofore issued or hereafter issued by the Town to meet sinking fund requirements sufficient to pay the principal of such bonds at their maturity, provided the Town may, in the manner hereinafter prescribed, provide for the payment of the interest and principal of such bonds or any part thereof in the general tax levy upon the property of the entire Town.
(15) 
To establish separate or special taxing districts, define their purposes and fix and alter their boundaries as hereinafter provided.
(16) 
To borrow money and give security therefor, subject to the restrictions and limitations imposed by law.
(17) 
To make and enforce all bylaws and ordinances, not inconsistent with law, which may be necessary or proper to carry into execution the foregoing powers or any of them and all other powers which may be hereafter vested in the Town.
The Town Council shall have the authority to establish, by ordinance, additional boards, commissions, or agencies which are required by the General Statutes, or which are specifically allowed by the General Statutes, or which the Town Council deems advisable or necessary to carry out any municipal powers, duties or responsibilities under the General Statutes. All such officers, departments, boards, commissions or agencies shall be elected, appointed and organized in the manner provided by the General Statutes, except as otherwise provided by the Charter or by ordinances or resolutions adopted pursuant to the Charter. The Town Council may, by ordinance, alter the method of election, appointment or organization of any or all such additional boards, commissions or agencies, including combining or separating the duties of each, unless specifically prohibited from making such alteration by the state Constitution or the General Statutes.