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Township of Chatham, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 1; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 1]
For purposes of this chapter the following words or terms shall have the meanings hereinafter set forth:
ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY
Shall mean the Board of Health of the Township of Chatham.
APPROVED
Shall mean accepted or acceptable under applicable specifications set forth in this chapter or accepted as suitable by the Administrative Authority.
AUTHORIZED AGENT
Shall mean a licensed health officer, sanitary inspector, or other properly qualified person acting as agent of the Administrative Authority.
CLASS A SWIMMING POOL
Shall mean and include all swimming pools having a fill and draw, flow-through and recirculation system, outdoor and indoor, in which the bottoms and sides are constructed of durable and waterproof materials.
CLASS B SWIMMING POOL
Shall mean and include all other swimming pools which are not in Class A.
OPERATE
Shall mean to conduct, maintain or otherwise provide facilities for bathing at swimming pools.
PERSON
Shall mean any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, association, society, club or other organization.
PRIVATE SWIMMING POOL
Shall mean any pool which is established or maintained as an accessory to a single-family residence and available only to the family of the occupant of the residence and his guests without payment of any fee, remuneration or contribution of anything of value.
SWIMMING POOL
Shall mean and includes all pools or bodies of water, other than private swimming pools as hereinafter defined, which are used or intended to be used to provide recreational facilities for swimming, bathing or wading and all buildings, equipment and appurtenances thereto.
TOWNSHIP
Shall mean the Township of Chatham in the County of Morris, New Jersey.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 2]
No person shall operate a swimming pool within the Township unless a current license therefor has been issued by the Township. Such license or permit shall be displayed in a conspicuous place on the premises where it may be readily observed by all patrons. No person shall operate a pool whose license therefor is suspended.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 3]
Reports of pool operation shall be submitted to the Administrative Authority or its authorized agent within 10 days after the last day of the preceding month upon report forms furnished by the Administrative Authority.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 4]
Swimming pools shall be equipped with at least two poles or shepherd's crooks having a minimum diameter of one inch and a minimum length of six feet. There shall also be provided at least two life rings at least 14 inches in diameter with a sufficient length of 1/4 inch manila line firmly attached to each ring. Such equipment shall be properly stored and readily accessible.
A minimum of first aid equipment listed below shall be properly stored and readily available at all times when a pool is open for use.
Aromatic ammonia
Tincture of iodine or equivalent
Individually compressed sterile gauze
Absorbent cotton
Adhesive tape
Bandages of various widths
Rubbing alcohol
Woolen blankets (two or more)
Stretcher
At least one person capable of administering first aid shall be in attendance at all times when the pool is open for use.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 5]
Swimming pools, when open for use shall, at all times be under the supervision of a competent director who shall be responsible for all phases of pool operation including the applicable provisions of this Code.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 5; Ord. No. BH-2-84 § 1]
At least one senior lifeguard shall be on duty at all times who is:
a. 
The holder of a valid Senior Lifeguard Certificate issued by the American Red Cross, Y.M.C.A. or other equivalent rating; and
b. 
Certified by the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
The number of other lifeguards required to be present and on duty while the pool is open for business shall be based primarily upon the number of patrons present at any time. As a guide, there should be at least one lifeguard for every 150 persons in attendance at a pool.
All persons acting as lifeguards shall be capable swimmers proficient in lifesaving and artificial respiration procedures. All lifeguards shall be so identified by distinguishing apparel, emblems or signs.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 5; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 2]
Personal regulations covering admission, bathing and conduct of patrons shall be conspicuously posted and strictly enforced by the pool management and shall include the following:
a. 
(Reserved)
b. 
Any person showing evidence of skin disease, sore or inflamed eyes, cold, nasal or ear discharge or any communicable disease shall be refused admission.
c. 
Persons with excessive sunburn, open blisters, cuts or bandages shall be refused admission.
d. 
(Reserved)
e. 
No dogs or other animals shall be allowed in the pool area, dressing rooms or other parts of the pool enclosure.
f. 
Where provision is made for serving or selling food, beverages, candy or tobacco, the area shall be so arranged and posted to prohibit the consumption or use of food, beverages (especially glass containers), candy or tobacco in the pool or within 15 feet thereof or on the pool decks proper.
g. 
Persons in street shoes or other spectators shall not be permitted in Class A swimming pools.
h. 
Unnecessary expectoration, spouting of water, roughness, rowdyism or other conduct affecting the safety and comfort of others shall not be permitted.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 5]
Bathing suits or towels rented or otherwise furnished by the pool management shall be laundered after each use with soap and hot water, thoroughly rinsed and dried before re-use. Clean suits and towels shall be stored separately from those unlaundered, and shall not be issued from the same counter to which used suits or towels are returned.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 5]
All dressing rooms, toilets, showers, pool proper and surroundings shall be kept clean and orderly at all times. A suitable disinfectant shall be used daily on floors, walls, mats and other interior portions of dressing rooms. Toilets, lavatories and shower rooms shall be cleaned with soap and water, disinfected daily and kept in good repair. Toilets shall be kept supplied with sufficient amount of toilet tissue. Lavatories shall be supplied with soap and suitable receptacles for disposal of paper towels. Common towels shall not be permitted.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
All chemical and bacteriological analyses of swimming pool waters shall be made in accordance with the procedures set forth in the current edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage," published jointly by the American Public Health Association and the American Water Works Association.
The standard test for total bacteria in Class A swimming pools shall consist of the 37° C. standard agar plate count.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6]
Swimming pool operators shall have pool water samples analyzed by a laboratory approved by the Administrative Authority unless otherwise directed by the Administrative Authority or its authorized agent.
Reports of all analyses shall be forwarded to the Administrative Authority or its authorized agent within 48 hours after completion.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
In Class A swimming pool samples shall be collected at least once weekly at both ends of the pool during period of heavy bathing load. In Class B swimming pools samples shall be collected at least once weekly at the inlets and bathing areas, and at the outlets when sufficient discharge is occurring, and at depths representative of the body of water in use for bathing.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6]
All samples of swimming pool water shall be collected in bottles containing sodium thiosulfate. In freeing samples of chlorine, the procedure given in "Standard Methods" shall be followed.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
a. 
General. For the purpose of this Code, the bacterial quality of swimming pool waters shall be judged on the basis of plate counts and coliform densities as hereafter prescribed.
b. 
Standard Portion. A standard portion shall consist of 10 milliliters.
c. 
Standard Sample. A standard sample of pool water shall consist of five standard portions.
d. 
Standard Sampling. For the purpose of this Code, a standard sampling shall consist of 10 standard portions obtained from the two samples taken from the pool in accordance with subsection BH5-6.3.
e. 
Maximum Coliform Densities. Of all 10 standard portions obtained from a standard sampling, not more than one portion shall show the presence of organisms of the coliform group at any time.
f. 
Maximum Plate Count. The total plate count of a sample taken at either end of the pool shall not exceed 250 bacteria per ml. at any time.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
a. 
Number of Portions and Dilutions. Three portions at the following dilutions shall be used: 10, 1.0, 0.1, and 0.01 ml.
b. 
Method of Reporting. The number of positive findings shall be reported in terms of Most Probable Number per 100 ml. (MPN per 100 ml.)
c. 
Total Bacteria Determination. As an aid to interpretation, agar plate counts shall be made: one ml. shall be planted on at least two plates and the resultant counts averaged arithmetically.
d. 
Bacterial Limits. When the arithmetic average coliform MPN of a set of samples taken at any particular time exceeds 2,400 per 100 ml., another set of samples shall be taken as soon as possible from the same locations. If the arithmetic average of this set of samples still remains above 2,400 per 100 ml., a sanitary survey shall be instituted by an authorized agent of the Administrative Authority.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
The Administrative Authority or its authorized agent shall obtain and have additional samples analyzed if those taken pursuant to subsection BH5-6.2 do not meet standards established by:
a. 
Disinfecting Agents. Means shall be provided for continuous and effective disinfection of swimming pool waters. Chlorine gas, chlorine-bearing compounds or bromine in solution shall be required as disinfecting agents. The use of ozone, ultra-violet light or any other method wherein a residual cannot be determined shall not be permitted unless supplemented by a disinfecting agent capable of producing a measurable residual.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
Free chlorine residuals and pH values shall be determined not less than four times during any day the pool is in operation. Free chlorine residuals and pH values shall be maintained within ranges indicated below:
Class A Pools
pH
Free Chlorine Residual
7.0 - 7.6
0.4 - 0.6 p.p.m.
8.0 - 8.4
2.0 - 5.0 p.p.m.
Class B Pools
7.0 - 7.6
0.4 - 0.6 p.p.m.
8.0 - 8.6
2.0 - 2.0 p.p.m.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 6; Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
The water of a pool, when in use, shall be sufficiently clear to permit a black disk six inches in diameter superimposed upon a white field placed at the bottom of the deepest end of the pool to be clearly visible from the pool sidewalk at all distances up to 10 yards measured in a horizontal distance from the projection of the disk onto the pool surface.
[Ord. No. BH-2-67 § 3]
Determination of turbidity, color and odor of the water shall be made in accordance with "Standard Methods" referred to in subsection BH5-6.1 as an aid to the interpretation of the quality of the water.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 7]
A swimming pool operated in violation of the provisions of this chapter is hereby declared to be a nuisance and detrimental to public health.
[Ord. No. BH-3-66 § 8]
Any person who shall violate any provision of this section shall be subject to a fine of not less than $2 nor more than $100 for each violation. Each day that a particular violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.