County of York, VA
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
(a) 
All off-street parking and loading space for general industrial uses shall be located not less than 35 feet from any residential property line and shall be effectively screened from view from adjacent residential properties by landscaping, supplemented, as necessary, by appropriate fencing materials.
(b) 
Structures of 30,000 square feet or greater shall have fire lanes surrounding the structure(s) unless approved otherwise by the director of public safety.
(c) 
Outdoor lighting shall be sufficient to protect public safety, but shall be arranged so as to prevent objectionable glare on adjacent properties and streets.
(d) 
Outdoor speaker or paging systems shall be directed away from property lines and shall be designed to prevent objectionable noise levels on adjacent properties or streets.
(e) 
All industrial uses shall be conducted so as not to produce hazardous, objectionable or offensive conditions at or beyond property line boundaries by reason of odor, dust, lint, smoke, cinders, fumes, noise, vibration, heat, glare, solid and liquid wastes, fire or explosion.
(f) 
Service drives or other areas shall be provided for off-street loading in such a way that in the process of loading or unloading, no truck will block the passage of other vehicles on the service drive or extend into any fire lane or other public or private drive or street used for circulation.
[Ord. No. 19-1(R), 3-19-2019]
No surface mine shall be established, operated, or enlarged except as shall be permitted by use permit, the provisions of Article VIII dealing with nonconforming uses notwithstanding. In granting said use permit, the board may authorize the establishment of, or any expansion or enlargement of, surface mining operations, subject to the following conditions, as well as any other reasonable conditions which the board determines to be necessary.
The restoration or reclamation of nonconforming, inactive, or abandoned borrow pits utilizing clean fill soil and operated subject to the following conditions may be authorized by the zoning administrator. The depositing of any material other than clean fill soil shall be authorized only by a use permit issued by the board.
(a) 
Application requirements. Any application for the authorization of such use shall be accompanied by the following:
(1) 
A report and other supporting materials, applicable for operation or restoration of a mine, providing all information required under the application requirements of the Virginia Minerals Other than Coal Surface Mining Law and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.
(2) 
A standard soils analysis, including an analysis of the load bearing factors, of the property, prepared by a geologist who is certified by the American Institute of Professional Geologists, meets the requirements for certification as a geologist of the Commonwealth of Virginia, or is licensed as a geologist in another state, or by a standard testing laboratory, or by a Virginia registered civil engineer, or by a Virginia certified soils scientist, and approved by the Soil Conservation Service, and including results of test borings, and a written report setting forth the range of effects of the proposed operation upon the stability of soils, the water table, wells and septic fields on the subject property and all adjoining properties, and other soil factors which may have an effect upon nearby properties.
(3) 
The proposed date on which excavation will commence, the proposed date on which the excavation will be completed, and the proposed date that all required restoration measures are to be completed.
(4) 
A statement listing the public streets and highways to be used as haul routes.
(5) 
An estimate of the number of trucks proposed to enter and leave the property per day.
(6) 
The proposed hours of operation each day and the proposed days of operation during the week.
(7) 
A hydrology study containing the following:
a. 
Surface drainage data;
b. 
Location and depth of existing public and private wells, constructed drainage ways, and streams and other natural waterways;
c. 
Impact of excavation on existing public and private wells located within 2,000 feet [600m] of the proposed boundaries of the surface mine;
d. 
Impact of excavation on quantity and quality of groundwater and surface water; and
e. 
Method(s) to be used to dispose of excess water during excavation, including details of any proposed filtration system(s).
(b) 
Requirements pertaining to location, operation, and restoration of surface mines.
(1) 
No permit to operate, enlarge or extend a surface mine shall be issued for any tract or combination of contiguous tracts of land containing less than 10 acres. This minimum acreage shall not apply to proposals involving the restoration of nonconforming, inactive, or abandoned surface mines.
In the case of enlargement or extension of existing surface mining operations, both the existing surface mine and any proposed extension or enlargement thereof shall be subject to all requirements set forth herein.
No permit shall be approved for any location which is in close proximity to existing development or any area that the board finds is undergoing, or is likely in the reasonably near future to undergo, development, whether residential, commercial or industrial, which development would, in the opinion of the board, be rendered impossible or adversely affected in any way by the existence or operation of such surface mine. No such permit shall be granted if, in the opinion of the board, the site is not likely to be restored to a usable and productive purpose and a condition conducive to the public health, safety and welfare.
(2) 
Access requirements.
a. 
Local residential streets shall not be used for access to the surface mining operations. The permittee shall be limited to using those routes which are specified in his application and approved by the board in authorizing the use permit.
b. 
In the case of mining and restoration projects, all on-site access roads and driveways shall be maintained so as to prevent the creation of dust and shall have an appropriate surface treatment which will prevent the depositing of mud, debris, or dust onto any public street.
c. 
Any access road shall be a minimum of 20 feet from any property line except at any point of access to any public right-of-way.
d. 
The zoning administrator or the board may, in consultation with VDOT, require the operator to post a letter of credit in an amount sufficient to cover any potential damages to the public road system attributable to the operation.
(3) 
All buildings, structures, storage areas, and accessory activities associated with the mining operation shall be subject to all applicable requirements of the zoning district in which the proposed surface mine is to be located. This is not to be interpreted to preclude the placement on-site of temporary accessory structures which are to be removed upon expiration of the permit.
(4) 
Elimination of noise, dust, and vibration.
a. 
All equipment used for the extraction or transportation of materials shall be constructed, maintained, and operated in such a manner as to eliminate any noise, dust, or vibration which would be injurious or annoying to persons living in the vicinity.
b. 
All storage areas, yards, service roads or other non-vegetated open areas within the boundaries of the surface mining area shall be maintained so as to prevent dust or other wind blown air pollutants. Proposed methods of dust control and equipment proposed for such control shall be included in the plan of operation and shall be located at the site during such operations.
c. 
Trucks shall not be loaded beyond design capacity and, if deemed necessary by the zoning administrator as a result of the types of materials being transported, shall be covered with a tarpaulin or other appropriate device so as to prevent hauled materials from being deposited or spilled during transport upon any public or private lands or property. In the case of restoration operations involving filling with construction debris or similar materials, the board may require that the applicant's procedures for operation include a requirement that all trucks hauling materials to the site and allowed to dump said materials have a tailgate or be covered or both in order to prevent materials from being spilled during transport. If established, compliance with said requirement shall be the responsibility of the operator of the site.
(5) 
The mining activity shall be conducted between sunrise and sunset and shall have no Sunday operations. This shall not be deemed to preclude necessary maintenance of equipment essential for public health and safety at other times.
(6) 
A fence of not less than six feet in height, constructed of meshed wire or other materials, approved by the zoning administrator, shall be required around the portion of the site being mined, areas where equipment is being operated, and all access roads, if deemed necessary by the board in order to protect the public interest, safety, and welfare.
(7) 
Gates shall be constructed at all entrances and shall be kept locked at all times when operations are not underway.
(8) 
For public safety purposes, properties containing surface mines shall be conspicuously posted in such a manner and at such intervals as will give reasonable notice to passersby that trespassing is prohibited. In recognition of the location of the proposed site the board may require the installation of a perimeter access and observation road around the area being mined. Such road, if required, shall be located outside of and adjacent to the required security fencing and shall be maintained at all times in a passable condition so as to allow patrol by law enforcement personnel.
(9) 
Setback areas for surface mine operations shall be:
a. 
Not less than 200 feet from any property line or street right-of-way in any zoning district.
b. 
Exterior limits of all areas to be excavated shall be delineated prior to beginning operation in accordance with the areas of excavation as shown on the approved operations plan with iron markers extending no less than five feet above the surface of the earth.
(10) 
Surface mines shall be operated and maintained in a neat and orderly manner, free from junk, inoperable equipment, trash, or unnecessary debris. Buildings shall be maintained in a sound condition, in good repair and appearance. Weeds shall be cut as frequently as necessary, but not less than twice a year. Only that equipment which is used in the operation of the surface mine shall be maintained and stored on the site, unless, however, vehicle storage or maintenance is permitted in the zoning district in which such mining activity is located.
(11) 
The following drainage requirements shall be met during the operation of the surface mine:
a. 
The property shall be graded so as to prevent standing water which would or could reasonably be expected to constitute a safety or health hazard.
b. 
Existing drainage channels shall not be altered in such a way that water backs up onto adjoining properties or that the peak flow of water leaving the site exceeds the capacity of the downstream drainage channel.
(12) 
During mining operations, no slope shall be created which will, through slides, sinking, collapse, or erosion, or any other means, cause any change in the elevation of the required setback area.
(13) 
The operation of the surface mine shall at all times comply with the applicable provisions of the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook, 3rd Ed., 1992 or subsequent amendments thereto.
(14) 
Overburden shall not be removed from an area larger than could be mined within one year.
(15) 
The operation of the surface mine shall not be conducted in a manner which would or could reasonably be expected to cause negative impacts on groundwater level and quality. The soils analysis required as part of the use permit application shall set forth the particular methods of operation necessary to ensure that negative impacts will not occur. Such report shall be subject to the review and approval of the zoning administrator.
(16) 
The use of explosives in conjunction with the mining activity shall not be permitted.
(17) 
Maintenance of equipment shall be conducted in such a fashion as to not allow the depositing of oil, grease, or other deleterious materials on the ground or within the confines of any future lake area.
(c) 
Restoration.
(1) 
Restoration of excavated areas shall proceed in a coordinated and continuous manner designed to minimize the disturbed area and shall be subject to review and approval by the zoning administrator as each phase of the operation, as described in the Operations Plan, is completed.
(2) 
Restoration of excavated areas shall be accomplished using materials and procedures, approved by the zoning administrator, which will result in the site being restored to a condition capable of supporting the types of land uses envisioned by the adopted comprehensive plan. Materials and procedures for filling shall be described in the Restoration Plan. Filling shall meet the requirements of the State Health Department and Chapter 10, Erosion and Sedimentation Control, of this Code. In the case of restoration and reclamation projects, fill materials shall be limited to clean soil unless the board, issues a special use permit which specifically permits filling with materials such as demolition wastes, construction wastes, tree trimmings, stumps and other inert wastes. Under no circumstances shall fill materials include household, commercial or industrial wastes, sludge material, asbestos, tires, ash, and any hazardous wastes, including the following general classes of materials:
a. 
Oil and oil products;
b. 
Radioactive materials;
c. 
Any material transported in large commercial quantities (such as in fifty-five-gallon drums), which:
1. 
Is a very soluble acid or base;
2. 
Causes abnormal growth of an organism or part thereof; or
3. 
Is highly biodegradable, exerting a severe oxygen demand;
d. 
Biologically accumulative poisons;
e. 
The active ingredients of economic poisons that are or were ever registered in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. § 135 et seq.);
f. 
Substances highly lethal to mammalian or aquatic life.
(3) 
Any overburden, unused stockpiles of materials, or topsoil stockpiles remaining at the completion of the mining operation shall be graded in such a manner as to conform with the approved restoration plan.
(4) 
Final grading of disturbed and restored areas shall not exceed a slope ratio of four horizontal to one vertical (4:1) or the normal angle of repose for the soil type on the site, whichever is less, except as required otherwise for slopes within proposed lakes or ponds. Slopes shall be improved with structures such as terraces, berms, waterways, etc., to accommodate surface waters, where necessary, and to minimize erosion due to surface runoff. Slopes shall be stabilized and protected with permanent vegetative or riprap covering. The surface of the restored surface mine site shall have a minimum slope of 1%.
(5) 
Restored areas shall be planted with grass, trees, shrubs, or other vegetation to prevent erosion and to achieve a permanent and protective cover and enrich the soil. The types of vegetation to be used shall be described in the restoration plan and shall meet the requirements of the Virginia Minerals Other Than Coal Surface Mining Law. Revegetation shall take place as soon as is practicable based on seasonal growing conditions, after mining operations have ceased in the particular area involved.
(6) 
The site shall be graded so as to prevent standing water except in an approved lake or pond.
(7) 
The site shall be graded so as to ensure that natural and stormwater runoff, both on-site and off-site, can be adequately accommodated.
(8) 
Any proposed lakes or ponds shall be no less than seven feet in depth or such greater depth as may be determined necessary by the director of environmental and development services except as provided herein. A slope ratio of five horizontal to one vertical shall be maintained from the mean shoreline to a depth of seven feet. Below a depth of seven feet the slope shall be no more than the normal angle of repose for the soil type in the pond. Ponds shall be stocked with fish which will eliminate mosquito larvae and other insects as determined by the director of environmental and development services.
(9) 
The restored surface mine shall not be likely to adversely impact groundwater level and quality. The soils analysis required as part of the use permit application shall set forth the restoration methods necessary to ensure that negative impacts will not occur. Such report shall be subject to the review and approval of the zoning administrator.
(10) 
Residential streets shall not be used to access the site unless the board shall specifically authorize their use after conducting a duly advertised public hearing.
(11) 
Upon expiration of the use permit, or in the event active mining operations have ceased for any period exceeding 12 consecutive months, all plants, buildings, structures (except fences), stockpiles, and equipment shall be removed from the site, unless such were indicated on the approved restoration plan, and the site shall be restored as described in said restoration plan.
(d) 
Required plans. Prior to commencement of the use, the following plans shall be submitted to the zoning administrator for review and approval:
(1) 
Site plan - prepared in accordance with the requirements of Article V of this ordinance.
(2) 
Operations plan containing the following information:
a. 
A general description of the type and quantity of equipment to be used in connection with the use, including bulldozers, cranes, washers, crushing equipment, trucks, and all other mechanical equipment.
b. 
Operating practices proposed to be used to eliminate noise, dust, air contaminants, and vibration.
c. 
Methods proposed to be used to prevent pollution or interruption of surface or underground water.
d. 
Methods proposed to be used to prevent erosion of areas exposed during operation and prior to final restoration of the site. Also, methods proposed to be used to prevent sedimentation of waterways during operation and prior to final restoration of the site. Methods shall be in compliance with the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook, 3rd Ed., 1992, or subsequent amendments thereto.
e. 
Surface treatment of access roads to eliminate dust and deposit of mud on public roads.
f. 
A statement of the estimated time and sequence within which excavation and any staged operation thereof is to be commenced after the granting of approval and the estimated time when each stage is to be completed and restored.
g. 
Proposed methods for ensuring that oil, grease, or other deleterious materials from equipment maintenance are not deposited on the ground or within the confines of any proposed lake area.
(3) 
Restoration plan shall meet the following requirements:
a. 
The restoration plan shall provide for the following:
1. 
A timetable for restoring the areas used for surface mining which incorporates the use of a coordinated and continuous method designed to minimize disturbed areas and which shows evidence of compliance with the following:
i. 
Methods proposed for restoration shall be in compliance with the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook, 3rd ed., 1992, or subsequent amendments thereto;
ii. 
Final restoration work shall be initiated within one year after mining or related activity ceases on any segment of the site where mining has occurred and shall be completed within three years of the cessation of the mining activity.
2. 
The proposed use of the site after restoration shall be stated and the ability of the restored site to accommodate the proposed use shall be demonstrated through a series of conceptual plans and sketches. The proposed use shall be consistent with the land use designation established for the site by the comprehensive plan.
In the event there are no firm plans for future development of the site, a series of conceptual plans and sketches demonstrating that the physical attributes of the restored area could accommodate the types of land use envisioned by the comprehensive plan shall be prepared. It is understood that this may be a hypothetical exercise; however, it will be evaluated as such and will not be considered a commitment to the use portrayed.
b. 
The restoration plan shall address the following where applicable:
1. 
Restoration of stream banks and channels to prevent erosion, sedimentation, and other water pollution effects of stream flow from exceeding their degree before the mining.
2. 
Sloping and other control to stabilize final surfaces and minimize public hazards.
3. 
Vegetating disturbed areas in a manner conducive to restoring them to a natural state consistent with the future use of the property and without any maintenance being required.
4. 
Drainage control to prevent pools of water from becoming public nuisances or health or safety hazards.
5. 
Immediate removal of structures and equipment after termination of the mining or when it is no longer in use at the site.
6. 
Otherwise minimizing the adverse impact of the mined land on the livability, value, and appropriate development of adjacent property.
c. 
Appropriately trained professionals, such as biologists and geologists, shall participate in the development of the restoration plan to ensure and certify, to the extent possible, the long term viability of any proposed lake or pond.
(e) 
Processing and approval. The zoning administrator shall be the final plan approving authority, however, no final action shall be taken until the comments and recommendations of all reviewing agencies and departments have been received.
(f) 
General requirements.
(1) 
The staging of the mining operation shall occur within a period not to exceed five years unless a greater time period is authorized specifically by the board. Such period shall commence on the date of approval of all plans and submissions required herein.
(2) 
The following requirements shall govern the posting, reduction, forfeiture, and release of surety for surface mines:
a. 
Prior to commencement of the authorized activity, the permittee shall post with the zoning administrator a certified check, letter of credit, or cash escrow with surety satisfactory to the zoning administrator, approved as to form and content by the County attorney, guaranteeing the faithful performance of all conditions and requirements of the use permit. The amount of such surety shall be approved by the zoning administrator and shall be sufficient to guarantee performance of approved and required methods of operation such as, but not limited to, dust control, drainage, and erosion control, and to guarantee the restoration of the site in accordance with the approved restoration plan at such time as the restoration is scheduled to take place.
b. 
If the site is to be disturbed and restored in phases, the surety may be reduced in a manner approved by the County attorney and an amount approved by the zoning administrator as phases are completed and approved, leaving adequate surety to ensure operation and restoration of the entire site in accordance with the approved operations and restoration plans.
c. 
In the event the approved operation plan or approved restoration plan have not been followed, the zoning administrator shall require the forfeiture of such surety to cover the cost of necessary operational and restoration activities.
d. 
Except as provided hereinabove, surety shall not be released until the zoning administrator certifies that the requirements of the approved restoration plan have been met. In this regard, the zoning administrator may, in order to evaluate the adequacy and success of re-vegetation efforts, delay the final release of surety guarantee for two growing seasons after the time of planting.
(3) 
The following requirements shall govern any proposed changes in the approved plans of operations or restoration:
a. 
If a permittee proposes changes in an approved original plan, or if additional land not shown as a part of the approved operation plan is to be disturbed, the permittee shall submit an amended application, operations plan, and Restoration Plan which shall be reviewed in the same manner as an original plan and shall be subject to all provisions of this ordinance, as amended.
b. 
All amendments, changes, and modifications of plans shall be valid only when evidenced by a written approval from the zoning administrator.
c. 
A reasonable extension of time may be granted by the zoning administrator when he finds that weather conditions make compliance with an approved time schedule impractical.
(a) 
When soil is dumped or deposited on a parcel of land for the purpose of storage, whether temporary or long-term, and the deposits of soil cover a total cumulative land area exceeding 2,500 square feet, or the deposit exceeds eight feet from the natural grade at its maximum height, then the activity shall be considered a soil stockpile and shall be subject to the permitting and performance standards set forth in this section and in § 24.1-306, provided, however, that the following specific activities shall not be considered to be soil stockpiling:
(1) 
Activity such as the removal and stockpiling of topsoil on a site being developed pursuant to a development or site plan approved by the County for that property;
(2) 
Placement of soil on a site for the purpose of changing the natural grade for purposes such as filling low spots, improving drainage, or improving the suitability of a site for building;
(3) 
Placement of soil for temporary storage purposes at depths greater than one foot, covering a cumulative area of less than 2,500 square feet, and when all of the following conditions are met:
a. 
The soil is not mounded higher above the natural existing grade than eight feet;
b. 
The deposits or mounds of soil are no closer to any property line than the minimum principal building setback for the district in which located;
c. 
The soil deposits do not block, encroach on or otherwise adversely affect stormwater drainage;
d. 
The soil deposits are not within the dripline of any tree on or abutting the subject property;
e. 
The soil is removed from the site, or distributed and graded across the site to depths of less than one foot, within one year.
Any and all of the activities listed above shall be required to comply will all applicable Land Disturbing Activity permitting regulations and standards.
(b) 
Prohibited materials. Nothing herein shall be construed to allow the creation of stockpiles of anything other than clean soil, including, but not limited to, the following specifically prohibited materials:
(1) 
The creation of stockpiles of any material constituting: commercial/business waste; construction, clearing and/or demolition waste; garbage; hazardous waste; household waste; industrial waste; institutional/governmental waste; residential/household waste; solid waste; trash; or, unacceptable waste as such terms are defined in Chapter 19 of the York County Code.
(2) 
The creation of stockpiles of sand, gravel, stone, wood chips/mulch or similar materials.
(c) 
Permitting. Unless authorized by an Administrative Permit in accordance with Subsection (d) below, soil stockpiling shall be allowed only by Special Use Permit granted by the Board of Supervisors. In approving a Special Use Permit for a soil stockpiling operation, the Board of Supervisors may establish such term limits as it deems appropriate in consideration of the location and characteristics of the operation and its surroundings.
(d) 
Administrative Permits. The Zoning Administrator shall have the authority to approve Administrative Permits for temporary soil stockpiling in the RR-Rural Residential District for locations that are at least 300 feet from any existing residential structure on any adjacent residentially-zoned property, or in the non-residential districts for locations which are at least 200 feet from any existing residential structure on any adjacent residentially-zoned property.
Administrative Permits shall be limited to a maximum term of two years and the temporary soil storage stockpile shall be removed from the site prior to the expiration of the Permit. In the event the operator wishes to maintain the temporary soil stockpile beyond the term of the Administrative Permit, he may apply to the Board of Supervisors for an extension, which extension may be granted by the Board by Resolution for such additional time period as the Board deems appropriate.
(e) 
Requirements pertaining to location and operation of soil stockpiles. Except as provided otherwise in Subsection (d) regarding setbacks for Administrative Permit situations, all soil stockpiling permitted either by Administrative Permit or Special Use Permit shall be subject to the following conditions:
(1) 
Access.
a. 
Local residential streets (i.e., those platted/created as a component of a recorded subdivision) shall not be used for access to the stockpile site. The permittee shall be limited to using those routes which are specified in the application and approved by the County in authorizing the permit.
b. 
All on-site access roads and driveways shall be maintained so as to prevent the creation of dust and shall have an appropriate surface treatment which will prevent the depositing of mud, debris, or dust onto any public street.
c. 
Any access road shall be a minimum of 20 feet from any property line except at any point of access to any public right-of-way.
d. 
If determined necessary by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), the operator shall be required to post a letter of credit in an amount sufficient to cover any potential damages to the public road system attributable to the operation.
(2) 
Soil stockpiles shall not be placed within the dripline of any tree nor shall the cutting or clearing of trees be permitted in order to provide space for a stockpile or any associated elements, such as haul roads.
(3) 
The activity shall be conducted between local sunrise and sunset and shall have no Sunday operations, unless for necessary maintenance of equipment essential for public health and safety.
(4) 
Elimination of noise, dust, and vibration.
a. 
All equipment used for the transportation or movement/grading of soil shall be constructed, maintained, and operated in such a manner as to eliminate any noise, dust, or vibration which would be injurious or annoying to persons living in the vicinity.
b. 
All service roads or other non-vegetated open areas within the boundaries of the site shall be maintained so as to prevent dust or other wind blown air pollutants. Proposed methods of dust control and equipment proposed for such control shall be included in the plan of operation and shall be located at the site during such operations.
c. 
Trucks shall not be loaded beyond design capacity and loads shall be covered as required by state law so as to prevent hauled materials from being deposited or spilled during transport upon any public or private lands or property.
(5) 
Setback areas for soil stockpiles shall be:
a. 
Not less than 50 feet from any property line in any zoning district;
b. 
Not less than 100 feet from any existing structure;
All existing trees, bushes, shrubs and other vegetation within such setback areas shall be protected and preserved during and after the stockpiling operation and the approving authority may require the installation of trees or shrubs to help buffer the view of any stockpiles authorized on vacant/unvegetated sites.
(6) 
The approved exterior limits of all areas where soil will be stockpiled shall be delineated with construction fencing or other method acceptable to the zoning administrator prior to beginning operation.
(7) 
The height of the soil stockpile shall be limited as a function of the following design parameters:
a. 
One foot of stockpile height for each two feet of setback from any perimeter property line;
b. 
Side slopes shall not exceed 3:1 (horizontal:vertical);
c. 
The absolute maximum height of any stockpile shall be 25 feet in a residential district and 40 feet in a commercial or industrial district; and
d. 
No stockpile shall exceed the height of the treeline on or abutting the stockpile site.
(8) 
The following drainage requirements shall be met during the operation:
a. 
The property shall be graded so as to prevent standing water which would or could reasonably be expected to constitute a safety or health hazard.
b. 
Existing drainage channels shall not be altered in such a way that water backs up onto adjoining properties or that the peak flow of water leaving the site exceeds the capacity of the downstream drainage channel.
(9) 
The operation shall at all times comply with the applicable provisions of the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook promulgated by the Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board.
(10) 
Maintenance of equipment shall be conducted in such a fashion as to not allow the depositing of oil, grease, or other deleterious materials on the ground or into drainageways.
(f) 
Required plans. An application for approval of an Administrative Permit or a Special Use Permit shall include a site plan and an operations plan, as follows:
(1) 
Site plan - prepared in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance with all applicable performance standards.
(2) 
Operations plan containing the following information:
a. 
The proposed date on which the operation will commence, the proposed date on which the operation will be completed, the proposed date that all required stabilization measures are to be completed, and a statement as to the proposed ultimate disposition of the stockpile and the length of time that it will remain on the site.
b. 
A statement listing the public streets and highways to be used as haul routes.
c. 
The proposed hours of operation each day and the proposed days of operation during the week.
d. 
A general description of the type and quantity of equipment to be used in connection with the use, including bulldozers, trucks, and all other mechanical equipment.
e. 
Operating practices proposed to be used to eliminate noise, dust, air contaminants, and vibration including information on the proposed treatment of access roads to eliminate dust and deposit of mud on public roads.
f. 
Proposed methods for ensuring that oil, grease, or other deleterious materials from equipment maintenance are not deposited on the ground or within the confines of any drainageways.
Office and construction trailer storage yards shall conform with the following standards:
(a) 
Such establishments shall be for the purpose of storage of office and construction trailers which are available for rent or lease on a temporary basis in conjunction with construction projects being conducted on other sites.
(b) 
All setback, yard, and similar regulations of the district in which located shall apply to trailers stored or otherwise maintained on the property.
(c) 
All trailers stored at the site shall be in a condition which will allow their transport to construction sites and use for storage or office purposes. Trailers which have deteriorated to a condition not conducive to transport, storage or office use, as determined by the zoning administrator, shall not be permitted to be stored on the subject site.
(d) 
All such storage yards shall be screened from view from adjacent public rights-of-way by appropriate opaque privacy fencing and supplementary landscaping.
(e) 
A site plan shall be required for such uses.
(a) 
General industrial uses permitted by special use permit in the EO district shall be limited to those which involve the manufacture or assembly of specialty items such as pottery, crafts, toys, novelties, food, candy, beverages, decorations or similar items which are then offered for sale on a retail basis at an on-site outlet or other similar type of facility including those oriented primarily to the tourist market.
(b) 
The board shall find that the proposed activity and location is compatible with and will not adversely impact the overall development character envisioned by the EO district.