Town of Pendleton, NY
Niagara County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Pendleton 9-3-1985. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Fire prevention and building construction — See Ch. 132.
Sewers and water — See Ch. 209.
A. 
The following term shall be defined:
CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
The duly appointed Code Enforcement Officer or his deputy or assistant and any other individual designated to act as or assist the Code Enforcement Officer.
HOUSE OR BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge of soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys such discharge to the building sewer; the "building drain" shall be considered to extend three feet outside the building wall.
PLUMBING
All gas, water supply, sewer and drainage piping and the installation of all fixtures and appurtenances incidental to the uses thereof, permanently installed whether inside or outside of buildings, excepting such work as may be done for or by the Town of Pendleton in public highways or rights-of-way.
B. 
The word "shall" will be interpreted as mandatory.
A. 
Before the commencement of plumbing work within the Town of Pendleton, the plumber or person performing the work shall present plans and specifications to the Code Enforcement Officer and secure the written approval of the said Code Enforcement Officer for the performance of the work.
B. 
No part of such plumbing work shall be covered or concealed in any way until it has been examined and approved by the Code Enforcement Officer.
C. 
In addition to any provisions of this chapter, all plumbing work performed within the Town of Pendleton shall conform to all rules, regulations and specifications of Article 9 of Subchapter B of the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.1
A. 
All structures hereafter erected within the Town of Pendleton, except garages or farm structures, shall have at least one room provided therein with a water closet, lavatory or bathroom and shall have a complete system of house or building drains, including, but not limited to, connecting of soil and waste pipes to a sanitary sewer or septic tank and leach field.
B. 
All water closets shall be vented individually through the roof, except if back to back. When directly above each other a back vent of two inch diameter shall be used. The vents shall not be less than two inches in diameter and where carried through the roof shall increase to not less than three inches in diameter.
C. 
All other drains shall be vented through the roof and, where carried through the roof, shall be at least two inches in diameter. Any fixture more than 3 1/2 feet from the main stack shall be vented separately to the main stack or through the roof.
D. 
No soil pipe or vent shall open within 10 feet of any window, door, ventilating shaft or air duct.
E. 
All drains shall be at least 1 1/2 in diameter. When a garbage grinder is used, the drain shall be at least two inches in diameter. Kitchen drains running over 10 feet must be at least two inches in diameter. At the base of all kitchen sink drains, provisions shall be made for the cleanout.
F. 
Waste from all fixtures shall be emptied into a sanitary sewer or septic tank. No kitchen, lavatory, tub or laundry drains shall be discharged above the ground or into an open ditch. Surface water shall be disposed of through the sump pump and may not be disposed of into the leach field or sanitary sewer. Also, all water from gutters or roof drains shall be routed in such a way that the water will not enter the public sewer of septic system.
G. 
All soil lines running from the house or building to a sanitary sewer or septic tank shall be at least four inches in diameter and shall be provided with an accessible cleanout inside the house or building. On sewer lines where the grinder pump unit exceeds nine feet from the house, a cleanout will be required to be installed 18 inches from the grinder pump unit on the inlet line. All soil lines shall be of extra-heavy cast iron pipe with leaded caulked joints or ASTM Standard SDR-35 PVC piping for gravity sewer pipes. Approved plastic PVC sewer pipe may be used for outside sewer lines. Where plastic PVC sewer pipe is used, a bed of at least two inches of 1A stone must be used under the pipe. Schedule 40 plastic pipe will be allowed inside the house for drainage, waste and vent pipes above the basement floor. The use of Schedule 40 plastic pipe under concrete slabs shall be allowed when used with a bed of at least two inches of 1A stone.
H. 
All connections made to any county sewer district manhole shall require a minimum six-inch tap-in. A vented running trap (six-inch minimum) shall be required at the easement boundary for each future property connection.
I. 
Tables for fixture units.
(1) 
Fixture units. The following table, based on the rate of discharge from a lavatory as the unit, shall be employed to determine fixture equivalents and shall be known as "fixture units":
Fixtures
Units
1 lavatory or wash basin
1
1 kitchen sink
2
1 bath tub
2
1 laundry tub
3
1 combination fixture
3
1 urinal
3
1 shower
3
1 floor drain
3
1 slop sink
3
1 closet
6
(2) 
The sizes of the house drain and of its horizontal branches shall be determined by the total fixture units served thereby as indicated in the following table, and except by special permission of the Town Board, no water closet shall discharge into a house drain or a horizontal branch of the house drain that is less than four inches in diameter.
House Drains (Sanitary Only)
Maximum Number of Fixture Units
Drainpipe Diameter
(inches)
1/8 inches to 1 foot
Fall 1/4 inches to 1 foot
1/2 inches to 1 foot
1 1/2
2
2
3
2
5
6
8
3
15
18
21
4
84
96
114
5
162
216
264
6
300
450
600
8
990
1392
2220
10
1740
2442
3900
12
3084
4320
6912
J. 
All fixtures hot and cold shall be valved.
A. 
All septic sinks hereafter installed shall be of concrete, with a baffle at the inlet and outlet, and shall have at least one access hole. All septic tanks and distribution boxes shall be placed on a minimum of four inch coarse sand or pea gravel.
B. 
The minimum size of all septic tanks shall be 1,000 gallons.
C. 
Septic tanks shall not be located less than 12 feet from a dwelling house.
D. 
All septic tanks shall be provided with a trap and vent, with the vent installed on the house side of the trap. Such vent shall be not less than 10 feet from any door or window.
E. 
Septic tanks shall discharge into a distribution box and from there into a disposal field. All connections between septic tanks, distribution boxes and leaching beds shall be constructed with tight connections.
F. 
Waste pumped or removed from a septic tank for any purpose shall not be dumped above ground at any time.
G. 
Prior to the construction of any septic system the Niagara County Department of Health shall approve the site and condition of the soil through the analysis of performed percolation tests. All septic systems constructed shall conform to the orders and recommendations of the County Health Department, New York State Department of Health, this chapter and the Code Enforcement Officer. It shall be the duty of the Code Enforcement Officer to make recommendations for proper installation of septic systems.
A. 
All leaching trenches shall be not less than 30 inches in width and, if possible, not less than 18 inches in depth, nor less than 500 feet in length.
B. 
Agricultural or perforated fibre tile at least four inches in diameter shall be used, and the same shall not be pitched more than one inch to every 16 feet. Grade boards securely staked in the bottom of the trench shall be provided for all lines consisting of field tile. Where perforated fibre tile is used, grade boards are not required.
C. 
Crushed stone or gravel with a depth of at least four inches below the tile shall be used, and all tile so used shall be covered with at least two inches of crushed stone or gravel.
(1) 
All crushed stone or gravel used shall be at least No. 1 in size.
(2) 
All open joints between tile shall be covered with four by eight inches black or resin paper.
(3) 
All crushed stone shall be covered with one inch of straw.
(4) 
All leach trenches and beds shall be backfilled and rough graded within one week after inspection.
D. 
All laterals in leach beds shall be not more than 70 feet in length and not less than eight feet from each other and shall not be less than 10 feet from lot lines.
E. 
All lines leading from the septic tank to the leach beds which pass under driveways or roadways shall be a minimum four-inch cast iron pipe or SDR-35 PVC piping, or equivalent, as approved by the Code Enforcement Officer or New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code. The trench shall be filled with No. 1 crushed stone or gravel.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 
Penalties. Unless otherwise provided in § 382 of the Executive Law, all violations of this chapter or any regulation or provision thereof shall be a violation punishable by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty dollars ($250.) or imprisonment for not more than fifteen (15) days, or both. Each and every week that a violation of this chapter is permitted to exist shall constitute a separate offense. This penalty shall be in addition to any other penalties or other remedies as may be provided by law.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
B. 
Enforcement. It shall be the duty of the Code Enforcement Officer or such other official as may be designated by the Town Board to enforce the regulations and restrictions provided by this chapter.
Fees shall be as provided in Chapter 131, Fees.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on the house or building side of all water meters.