In all districts, in connection with every manufacturing, business, institutional, recreational, residential or any other use, there shall be provided, at the time any building or structure is erected or is enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking spaces in accordance with the requirements set forth herein. The number of required off-street parking spaces shall be the number required for the entire building structure.
Each off-street parking space shall have an area of not less than 180 square feet, exclusive of access drives or aisles, and each parking space shall have a minimum width of nine feet. Except in the case of one- and two-family residences, no parking area provided hereunder shall be established for fewer than three spaces.
There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking spaces. Access drives or driveways shall not be less than 10 feet wide. Access to off-street parking shall be limited to several well-defined locations, and in no case shall there be permitted unrestricted access along the length of the street or alley upon which the parking area abuts. Access to off-street parking areas for 25 or more cars shall be so designed as to provide ingress and egress on two-way traffic streets by right turns only.
[Amended 6-27-1988 by L.L. No. 3-1988]
The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be set forth in § 108-23 below.
The number of required off-street parking spaces for churches, synagogues and other houses of worship may be eliminated or reduced if there exist within 500 feet of the church, synagogue or house of worship public or private parking lots containing a sufficient number of off-street parking spaces to satisfy the requirements of § 108-23. The church, synagogue or house of worship must provide the difference if the number of parking spaces in the private or public lots is below the number required by § 108-23. Any spaces provided in public or private lots must be shown to be legally available for worshipers on the day or days of greatest use.
Minimum required off-street parking spaces shall be as follows:
Bowling alleys: five parking spaces for each alley.
Churches, synagogues and houses of worship: one parking space for each five permanent seats, except as noted in § 108-22. When individual seats are not provided, each 20 inches of benches shall be considered one seat.
Community buildings, country clubs, social halls, lodges, fraternal organizations and similar uses: one for each 200 square feet of floor area occupied by all principal and accessory structures.
Motels and rooming houses: one for each rentable unit.
Hotels: one for each two rentable units.
Funeral homes and mortuaries: five for each parlor.
Hospital, nursing and convalescent homes: one for each five beds, plus one for each two employees.
Manufacturing, industrial and general commercial uses not otherwise specified herein: one for each 1,000 square feet of floor area, plus one for each four employees in the maximum working shift.
Offices: one for every 400 square feet of rentable floor area.
Restaurants, bars and nightclubs: one for each three seats.
Retail stores, store groups, shops, etc.: one for each 300 square feet of floor area where the floor area shall exceed 1,000 square feet.
Wholesale establishments or warehouses: one for each two employees in the maximum shift. The total parking area shall be not less than 20% of the building floor area.
Auditoriums, theaters, assembly halls: one for each 3 1/2 seats.
Marinas: one for each employee in the maximum shift, plus one for each seasonal mooring, plus 10 additional parking spaces.
[Added 8-14-1989 by L.L. No. 6-1989]
In any district, in connection with every building or building group or part thereof hereafter erected which is to be occupied by manufacturing or commercial uses or distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same zone lot with such building off-street loading berths in accordance with the requirements of § 108-25 following.
Size and location. Each loading space shall be not less than 10 feet in width and 35 feet in length and have a minimum clearance of 14 feet and may occupy all or any part of any required yard.
For offices, hotels, retail, commercial, wholesale, manufacturing, storage and miscellaneous uses, the following loading space is required:
Off-street parking and loading facilities for separate uses may be provided jointly if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use, and provided that all regulations governing the location of accessory spaces in relation to the use served are adhered to. Further, no accessory space or portion thereof shall serve as a required space for more than one use unless otherwise approved by the Zoning Board of Appeals in accordance with the purposes and procedures set forth herein.
Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private parking area for five or more cars or structure used as a parking garage or loading area, including a commercial parking lot, shall be developed and maintained in accordance with the following requirements. Plans for such areas shall be reviewed by the Planning Board to ensure compliance with these regulations.
Screening and landscaping. Off-street parking areas and structures for five or more vehicles and off-street loading areas shall be effectively screened by a fence or hedge if located within 50 feet of an R District. Such hedge or fence shall not be less than six feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition without any advertising thereon. Any space between such fence or hedge and the side lot line adjoining premises or the front lot line facing premises in any R District shall be landscaped with grass, hardy shrubs or evergreen ground cover and maintained in good condition.
Minimum distances and setbacks. No off-street loading area or parking area or part thereof for five or more vehicles shall be closer than 10 feet to any dwelling, school, hospital or institution for human care located on an adjoining or adjacent lot.
Lighting. Any lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking or loading area shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from adjoining premises. Off-street parking facilities for multifamily structures containing four or more families shall be adequately lighted.
Drainage. Any off-street parking area and off-street loading area shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of all surface water without detriment to surrounding uses.