Township of Upper Hanover, PA
Montgomery County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
In expansion of the declaration of legislative intent contained in Article I, § 500-101, of this chapter and the community development objectives contained in Article I, § 500-102, of this chapter, it is the intent of this article to:
A. 
Set reasonable standards and provide reasonable controls to assure sufficient parking capacity for the uses or potential uses of land in the Township;
B. 
Provide flexibility in the implementation of these standards by permitting construction of a reduced number of parking spaces under appropriate conditions;
C. 
Prevent hazards to public safety caused by the intrusion of parking upon public rights-of-way; and
D. 
Provide design standards that will minimize the impact of parking lots on adjoining property owners.
A. 
Any building or structure erected, altered or used and any lot used or occupied for any of the following purposes shall be provided with the minimum number of parking spaces set forth below, together with adequate driveways and street access in compliance with the requirements of Chapter 425, Subdivision and Land Development. The required spaces below are in addition to any state or federal handicapped space requirements.
Use
Requirement
(1)
Dwellings:
(a)
Single-family detached, two-family, multifamily
2 spaces per dwelling unit
(b)
Single-family attached (townhouses)
2.5 spaces per dwelling unit
(2)
Places of assembly (theater, church, stadium, auditorium, etc.)
1 space per 3 seats
(3)
Freestanding retail stores, including convenience stores standing alone or with a gasoline filling station
1 space per 150 square feet of gross floor area
(4)
Shopping centers
1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area
(5)
Offices
1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area
(6)
Industry:
The larger of 1 space per employee for the total of two largest shifts; or
(a)
Laboratory or manufacturing
1 space per 450 square feet of gross floor area
(b)
Warehouse or storage gross
1 space per 1,500 square feet of floor area
(7)
Services:
(a)
Doctor, dentist, or similar type, including outpatient clinics
7 spaces per practitioner, plus 1 space per additional employee
(b)
Barber, beautician, tailor, or similar type
1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area plus 1 space per any other employee
(8)
Tourist home, rooming house, bed-and-breakfast
2 spaces, plus 1 space per rental unit
(9)
Self-service laundry and/or dryers
1 space per 3 washing machines
(10)
Place of indoor amusements (not sports or exercise)
1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area
(11)
The following uses require 1 space per employee and/or volunteer on the largest shift or during peak periods, PLUS the number of spaces listed below:
(a)
Library, museum, or similar place
1 space per 500 square feet of floor area.
(b)
Hospital, inpatient clinic, sanitarium, nursing home
1 space per 2 beds
(c)
Hotel, motel or similar use
1 space per rental unit, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area in common or public use (lobby, bar, meeting rooms, etc.)
(d)
Restaurants:
[1]
Drive-in or fast food
1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area; minimum 25 spaces
[2]
All others
1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area
(e)
Motor vehicle repairs (body or mechanical)
3 spaces per service bay
(f)
Vehicle sales
1 space per 500 square feet of indoor sales area, plus 1 space per 5,000 square feet of outdoor sales area
(g)
Indoor sports facility:
[1]
Bowling alley
5 spaces per lane
[2]
Racquet sports
2 spaces per court
[3]
Health spa
1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area
(h)
Studio for dance, art, music or photography
1 space per 5 students, and/or 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area of nonstudent patrons
(i)
Post office or wholesale business
1 space per 500 square feet of gross floor area
(j)
Bank, financial institution:
[1]
Without drive-in service
6 spaces per teller window
[2]
With drive-in service
6 spaces per indoor teller window
[3]
Plus
3 spaces per automated teller
(k)
Day-care or preschool facilities
Additional capacity determined on a case-by-case basis.
(12)
Retirement complex. The following minimum parking standards shall apply to development in a retirement complex:
(a)
Independent dwelling units: 1 space for each independent dwelling unit to be used primarily by the residents of such units.
(b)
Independent dwelling units: 1 space for every 5 independent units to be used primarily by visitors to such units.
(c)
Apartment housing units: 1 space for every 3 personal dwelling units in apartment housing to be used primarily by the residents of such units and their visitors.
(d)
Skilled care facilities and personal care congregate facilities: 1 space for every 2 beds in skilled care facilities and personal care congregate facilities.
(e)
Staff parking: 1 space for each staff doctor.
(f)
Employee parking: 1 space for each employee working on the largest shift.
(13)
Schools:
(a)
Elementary or intermediate
1.75 spaces per classroom
(b)
High school
5 spaces per classroom
B. 
Any use not specifically listed in this section shall provide parking spaces in compliance with the Parking Generation Manual of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE).
If the number of spaces required by § 500-901 is substantially larger than the number of spaces anticipated by the applicant, then the applicant may hold some of the parking in reserve in order to avoid unnecessary paving while ensuring adequate area for potential parking demands.
A. 
Suitable area must be available on the site for 100% of the parking required by § 500-901 above.
B. 
The number of spaces which must be paved initially may be reduced by up to 50% by the Township Supervisors, upon the recommendation of the Township Planning Commission. All stormwater engineering shall be designed based on total parking requirements, including the reserve.
C. 
Suitable area must be reserved for the balance of the total number of spaces required by § 500-901; these spaces shall be constructed by the applicant if and when determined necessary by the Supervisors, upon the recommendation of the Township Zoning Officer. The Supervisors may require the installation of these parking spaces under the following conditions:
(1) 
When there is evidence of a continued overflow of parking as installed by the applicant.
(2) 
When a reevaluation of the parking capacity by the Zoning Officer shows that future parking needs will not be met. The parking capacity shall be reevaluated whenever there is a change in use, ownership, number of employees, number of residents, building size, and/or land area.
D. 
The Zoning Officer, after consultation with the Board of Supervisors, may deny or revoke the use and occupancy permit of any use that fails to comply with this provision.
E. 
A financial guaranty shall be provided by the applicant to cover the cost of installation of the parking spaces held in reserve, for a period of 18 months following the installation of the initially constructed parking spaces. The type and dollar value of the guaranty must be approved by the Township Supervisors upon recommendation of the Township Solicitor and Engineer.
F. 
To qualify for use of the reserve parking concept, the applicant shall provide evidence supporting reduced parking needs to the Township Planning Commission and Engineer for their review and recommendations.
A. 
All parking areas must meet the requirements of the Township Subdivision and Land Development.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 425-416, Parking standards for land developments.
B. 
No parking area or non-paved area shall be used for the sale, repair or dismantling of any vehicles, equipment, materials or supplies.
[Amended 10-14-2014 by Ord. No. 2014-02]
C. 
All commercial, industrial and institutional uses shall provide adequate off-street loading/unloading space.
D. 
All fencing, masonry walls, opaque slatting, or other compatible materials for use with chain link fabric shall be of a solid neutral color, compatible with surrounding uses, and maintained in a neat, orderly and secure condition.
E. 
All schools shall designate an area of level lawn or field for overflow parking for special events, which shall provide at least 100 parking spaces or one per two students of total capacity, whichever is less. This area may be located on adjacent property if written permission is secured as an easement from the property owner.
A. 
The parking spaces required under § 500-901 above may be reduced when two or more establishments share the same parking area, whether on the same lot or abutting lots, according to the following formula:
(1) 
Calculate the minimum amount of parking required for each land use as if it were a separate use.
(2) 
To determine peak parking requirements, multiply each amount by the corresponding percentage in Table One below for each of the five time periods.
(3) 
Calculate the column total for each time period.
(4) 
The column total with the highest value is the shared parking requirement.
B. 
When shared parking is used, sufficient area shall be set aside for the remainder of the required spaces, according to the requirements of § 500-902 above.
Table One
Shared Parking Requirements
Weekday
Weekend
Night
Use
Day (9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.)
Evening (6:00 p.m. to 12:00 midnight)
Day (9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.)
Evening (6:00 p.m. to 12:00 midnight)
Other (12:00 midnight to 6:00 a.m.)
Office/ industrial
100%
10%
10%
5%
5%
Retail/ public community
60%
90%
100%
70%
5%
Hotel/ motel
75%
100%
75%
100%
75%
Restaurant
50%
100%
100%
100%
10%
Entertainment/ recreational
40%
100%
80%
100%
10%