Township of Wilkins, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917; 4-14-2008 by Ord. No. 986; 10-26-2009 by Ord. No. 1000]
The municipality is divided into the following districts as shown by the district boundaries on the Zoning Map:[1]
R-1
Residential District
R-2
Residential District
R-3
Residential District
R-4
Residential District
R-C-1
Residential-Commercial District
C
Commercial District
M
Manufacturing District
F-1
Floodplain District
LAR-TND
Larimer Avenue Traditional Neighborhood Development District
[1]
Editor's Note: The Zoning Map is on file in the office of the Township Manager.
District boundaries shown on the lines of roads, streams and transportation rights-of-way shall be deemed to follow the center lines. The vacation of roads shall not affect the location of such district boundaries. When the Zoning Officer cannot definitely determine the location of a district boundary by such center lines, by the scale of dimensions stated on the Zoning Map or by the fact that it clearly coincides with a property line, he/she shall refuse action, and the Zoning Hearing Board, upon appeal, shall interpret the location of the district boundary with reference to the scale of the Zoning Map and the purposes set forth in all relevant provisions of this chapter.
[Amended 9-11-1978 by Ord. No. 638; 5-14-1979 by Ord. No. 644; 12-9-1985 by Ord. No. 738; 9-11-1989 by Ord. No. 787; 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917]
The permitted uses for each district are as follows. Uses not specifically listed shall not be permitted.
A. 
R-1 Residential District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Single-family dwellings.
(2) 
Parks.
(3) 
Accessory uses.
(4) 
No-impact home-based business as defined in § 173-7.
[Amended 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
B. 
R-2 Residential District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Single-family dwellings.
(2) 
Parks.
(3) 
Accessory uses.
(4) 
No-impact home-based business as defined in § 173-7.
[Amended 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
C. 
R-3 Residential District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Single-family dwellings.
(2) 
Multiple-family dwellings.
(3) 
Parks.
(4) 
Accessory uses.
(5) 
No-impact home-based business as defined in § 173-7.
[Amended 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
D. 
R-4 Residential District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Single-family dwellings.
(2) 
Double houses.
(3) 
Duplex.
(4) 
Multiple-family dwellings.
(5) 
Parks.
(6) 
Accessory uses.
(7) 
No-impact home-based business as defined in § 173-7.
[Amended 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
E. 
C Commercial District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Banks.
(2) 
Bowling alleys.
(3) 
Funeral homes.
(4) 
Hotels and motels.
(5) 
Public buildings.
(6) 
Offices.
(7) 
Restaurants.
(8) 
Service shops.
(9) 
Theaters (indoor).
(10) 
Enclosed stores for the sale of goods.
(11) 
Gasoline stations. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal part of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patron can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(12) 
Repair garages. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal part of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patron can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(13) 
Auto sales and service. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal part of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patron can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(14) 
Public garage. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal part of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patron can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(15) 
Drive-in business. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal part of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patron can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(16) 
Accessory uses. [NOTE: Any use or structure involving, as a principal parts of the conduct of the business, the use or servicing of motor vehicles such as an automobile or gasoline service station, automobile sales area, major garage or drive-in business (a business where a patrol can receive goods or services without entering the principal structure of the lot) shall be so located that no vehicular entrance or exit shall be closer than 250 feet to the line of any elementary or secondary or vocational school, playground, hospital, medical clinic, medical center, church, residential lot or the same use as the proposed use, whether or not said lot line is located on the same frontage as the proposed uses described elsewhere in this section.]
(17) 
The storage of Class I flammable liquids and Class II combustible liquids in aboveground tanks outside of buildings, as more fully defined and governed by the Wilkins Township Codified Book of Ordinances, Part II, Chapter 88, as amended by Ord. No. 1018 on September 12, 2011, and the 2009 International Fire Code.
[Added 1-9-2012 by Ord. No. 1023]
F. 
M Manufacturing District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Building equipment or materials yards.
(2) 
Maintenance equipment of a public agency or utility.
(3) 
Offices.
(4) 
Research laboratories.
(5) 
Warehousing.
(6) 
Light manufacturing.
(7) 
Accessory uses.
(8) 
The storage of Class I flammable liquids and Class II combustible liquids in aboveground tanks outside of buildings, as more fully defined and governed by the Wilkins Township Codified Book of Ordinances, Part II, Chapter 88, as amended by Ord. No. 1018 on September 12, 2011, and the 2009 International Fire Code.
[Added 1-9-2012 by Ord. No. 1023]
G. 
F-1 Floodplain District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Parking areas.
(2) 
Parks.
H. 
R-C-1 Residential-Commercial District. Permitted uses shall be as follows:
[Added 4-14-2008 by Ord. No. 986]
(1) 
All those permitted uses as identified in the R-1 Residential District.
(2) 
All those permitted uses as identified in the R-2 Residential District.
(3) 
All those permitted uses as identified in the R-3 Residential District.
(4) 
Business, medical/professional offices.
(5) 
Specialty retail.
[Amended 9-11-1978 by Ord. No. 638; 12-9-1985 by Ord. No. 738; 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917; 12-27-1999 by Ord. No. 927]
The governing body may authorize conditional uses as follows if all conditions and provisions of Article VI are met:
A. 
R-1 Residential District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Churches.
(2) 
Golf clubs.
(3) 
Golf courses.
(4) 
Public buildings.
(5) 
Recreation areas.
(6) 
School building conversions.
[Added 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
(7) 
A mobile home not located within a mobile home park shall be subject to the conditions set forth in § 173-49O(6)(b) through (d).
[Added 11-10-2014 by Ord. No. 1047]
B. 
R-2 Residential District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Churches.
(2) 
Golf clubs.
(3) 
Golf courses.
(4) 
Public buildings.
(5) 
Recreation areas.
(6) 
School building conversions.
[Added 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
(7) 
A mobile home not located within a mobile home park shall be subject to the conditions set forth in § 173-49O(6)(b) through (d).
[Added 11-10-2014 by Ord. No. 1047]
C. 
R-3 Residential District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Churches.
(2) 
Golf clubs.
(3) 
Golf courses.
(4) 
Public buildings.
(5) 
Recreation areas.
(6) 
School building conversions.
[Added 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
(7) 
A mobile home not located within a mobile home park shall be subject to the conditions set forth in § 173-49O(6)(b) through (d).
[Added 11-10-2014 by Ord. No. 1047]
D. 
R-4 Residential District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Churches.
(2) 
Golf clubs.
(3) 
Golf courses.
(4) 
Public buildings.
(5) 
Recreation areas.
(6) 
Public schools.
(7) 
Swim clubs.
(8) 
Tennis courts.
(9) 
School building conversions.
[Added 2-14-2011 by Ord. No. 1012]
(10) 
A mobile home not located within a mobile home park shall be subject to the conditions set forth in § 173-49O(6)(b) through (d).
[Added 11-10-2014 by Ord. No. 1047]
(11) 
Mobile home park.
[Added 11-10-2014 by Ord. No. 1047]
E. 
C Commercial District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Multifamily dwellings.
(2) 
Swim clubs.
(3) 
Tennis courts.
(4) 
Private schools.
(5) 
Group care facilities.
F. 
F-1 Floodplain District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
(1) 
Single-family dwellings.
(2) 
Equipment storage.
G. 
M Manufacturing District. Conditional uses shall be as follows: any use not prohibited by ordinance and not specifically permitted in any district by the Zoning Ordinance, and specifically including gas and oil well drilling, oil and gas development, and oil and gas drilling subsurface facilities.
[Amended 10-26-2009 by Ord. No. 1000; 1-25-2016 by Ord. No. 1060]
H. 
R-C-1 Residential-Commercial District.
[Added 4-14-2008 by Ord. No. 986]
(1) 
All those conditional uses as set forth in the R-1 Residential District.
(2) 
All those conditional uses as set forth in the R-2 Residential District.
(3) 
All those conditional uses as set forth in the R-3 Residential District.
(4) 
Day-care center.
(5) 
Family day-care home.
(6) 
Townhome.
I. 
LAR-TND Larimer Avenue Traditional Neighborhood Development District. Conditional uses shall be as follows:
[Added 5-10-2010 by Ord. No. 1006]
(1) 
All those permitted uses as identified in the R-2 Residential District.
(2) 
All those permitted uses as identified in the R-1 Residential District.
(3) 
Ambulance station.
(4) 
Professional offices/personal and professional services. Such uses may include:
(a) 
General business offices;
(b) 
Insurance offices;
(c) 
Real estate offices;
(d) 
Beauty and barber shops;
(e) 
Offices for medical doctors, chiropractors and dentists;
(f) 
Offices of accountants.
(5) 
Contractor yards.
(6) 
Self-storage facilities.
(7) 
Dry cleaners and laundries.
(8) 
Laundromats.
(9) 
Light manufacturing and assembly.
[Amended 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917]
Except as provided in § 173-20, no structure shall exceed 35 feet in height above average ground level. Heights up to 45 feet may be permitted as a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board using the following criteria:
A. 
In determining whether to grant or refuse such special exception, the Zoning Hearing Board shall consider the fire-fighting equipment available within the Township of Wilkins at the time of the request for special exception and the ability of such equipment to be used in fighting fires in the proposed building and in the rescue of persons occupying the same.
B. 
The "structure" is any of the following and does not constitute a hazard to an established airport: television and radio towers, church spires, belfries, monuments, tanks, water and fire towers, stage towers and scenery lofts, cooling towers, ornamental towers and spires, chimneys, elevator bulkheads, smokestacks, conveyors, and flagpoles.
[Amended 9-11-1978 by Ord. No. 638]
The minimum lot area, minimum width of a lot, minimum depth of the front yard and minimum width of each side yard for each district shall be as shown in Subsection A.
A. 
The Table of Lot, Area and Bulk Requirements shall be as follows:
[Amended 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917; 5-10-2010 by Ord. No. 1006]
Table of Lot, Area and Bulk Requirements
District
Minimum Lot Area
(square feet)
Lot Area Per Family
(square feet)
Lot Width
(feet)
Front Yard
(feet)
Rear Yard
(feet)
Side Yard
(feet)
R-1
15,000
15,000
80
40
25
15
R-2
10,000
10,000
65
30
20
10
R-3
7,500
7,500
50
30
20
8
R-4
7,500
2,500
50
30
20
5
C
5,000
2,000
50
50
30
0
M
20,000
--
50
50
30
1
F-1
20,000
10,000
50
50
30
10
LAR-TND
See § 173-49M
NOTE:
1See § 173-13F.
B. 
Lots which abut on more than one street shall provide the required front yards along every street.
C. 
Except as provided in §§ 173-16, 173-17 and 173-20 of this chapter, all structures, whether attached to the principal structure or not and whether open or enclosed, including porches, carports, balconies or platforms above normal grade level, shall not project into any minimum front, side or rear yard.
[Amended 12-28-1998 by Ord. No. 917; 11-22-2011 by Ord. No. 1011]
D. 
Any lot of record existing at the effective date of this chapter and then held in separate ownership different from the ownership of adjoining lots may be used for the erection of a structure conforming to the use regulations of the district in which it is located, even though its area and width are less than the minimum requirements of this chapter.
E. 
Where an on-lot septic tank is to be used, the minimum lot size shall not be less than required by percolation tests and in no case shall it be less than 15,000 square feet.
F. 
Nonresidential structures or uses shall not be located or conducted closer to any lot line of any other lot in any R District than the distance specified in the following schedule:
Minimum Side or Rear Yard Abutting Any Lot in Any R District
(feet)
Use
20
Off-street parking spaces and access drives for nonresidential uses
40
Churches, schools and public or semipublic structures
70
Recreation facilities, entertainment facilities, motels, all business uses and industrial uses
G. 
Any manufacturing or commercial use abutting any R District shall be further required to place a masonry wall or hedge between six and 10 feet tall along the full length of the boundary except that it may be omitted within 25 feet of a street line.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Section 207, entitled "Floodplain District," which immediately followed this section, was deleted 9-11-1978 by Ord. No. 638.
H. 
Anything in this Code to the contrary notwithstanding, there shall be no minimum front, rear or side yard requirement applicable to additional structures erected on lots owned or leased by volunteer fire companies and ambulance or emergency medical services companies, provided the lot is in use for fire or ambulance or emergency medical service at the time of adoption of this amendment.
[Added 1-28-2002 by Ord. No. 937]